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Hi. BARRETT.Editor ^■lered at tile Birmingham. Ala., jS^Bofficc as second class matter under ^Hof Congress March 3. 1879. Hj^ly and Sunday Age-iicrald.... $8.00 Hy and Sunday, per month.... 70 Hy and Sunday, tnree months.. 2.00 ^^■kly Age-Herald, per annum.. .60 ^^Blay Age-llerald. *A>0 ^^BbscrlpLions payable in advance. ■H J. Baton, Jr., and u. K. Young are hH only authorized trav eling represen ^Hveb of The Age-llerald m ita circula department. Ijflg) communication will be published HthOat its author's name. Rejected Hinuacript will not be returned unless ■mp3 are enclosed for that purpose. ■Remittances can be made at current Hte of exchange. The Age-Herald will lot be responsible for money sent lirough the mails. Address, f • THE AGE-HERALD, I Birmingham, Ala. I Washington bureau, rur Hibbs bulld |~European bureau, 5 Henrietta street, Eovent Garden. London. Eastern business office. Rooms 48 to 0, Inclusive, Tribune building. New York city; western business office. Tribune building, Chicago. The 8. C. leckwith Special Agency, agente for lgn advertising. TELEPHONE Bell (private exchange coasectbii all tepartmeuts), No. 4900. Ely you, poor gentleman, lake up other otatlom here’s no place for pray you, avoid. —C orlolanua. Boosting Boss Murphy [e would be worth his weight in to your administration,” writes : Lawrence of New York to Presi Wilson in urging upon the execu te bestowal of a cabinet portfolio Charles F. Murphy, chief of the of Tammany. is may be literally true, but Mr. •ence seems to misconstrue the anus and objects of the democratic administration. It is undeniable that Mr. Bryan has sought to make a lit tle money in addition to that he draws from the treasury, but his methods ■re not in line with those at which Hr. Murphy is an adept. I Mr. Lawrence is one of the very few Imo fail to realize that the democrats ■re intent upon purity in politics, not Its prostitution. He takes 20,000 words to tell Mr. Wilson how much he thinks of the Tammany man, and one of his impelling arguments is that he has found Mr. Murphy such a profound and patriotic statesman that he has not hesitated to invite that gentleman and his family to call upon him and I Lawrence at their home. hile not pretending to hold the idence of Mr. Wilson as to his able appointments in the event of re cabinet vacancies, The Age ild feels safe in assuring a pal it populace that Mr. Murphy’s ces are slim, to say the least, r. Lawrence himself is not un ra to politics. He was a candidate governor of Rhode Island in 1878 for Congress in 1880, being de sd in both elections. He was 85 s old this month, but his sense of or seems to have achieved a deli s mellowness with the fast fleet fears. Good Hoad Days Good road days last year—three lays in August—were well observed itld excellent results were obtained in nany parts of the state. Good road days this year, August 14, 15 and 16,, should bring even great achievement. isrnor O’Neal’s earnest and ring pronlamation setting forth these upon which all able bodied citi are called upon to work at road ling or hire substitutes has been ly circulated. le Alabama Good Roads associa is doing a great deal this year rouse interest in the good road • Alabama was one of the most ward states in macadamized high 3 until two years ago. There is much room for improvement, but good roads spirit is manifest in ly every county and the year 1913 probably be Alabama’s banner in road making. Ie Adornment of the Female ng the inalienable rights of s that of making a laughing of himself. No other privilege ealously cherished or more fre j exercised. And often it takes m of attempting to regulate or the apparel of those of the ;e sex. ( ibers of the city council of ter, Penn., are laboring over inance which would compel the b of that town’s population to themselves only in such fashion proposed law precribes, rather ■rtain giddy garb designated lot drape the female form “Exposure gowns” of all kinds tsses are barred; slits that ex >ove the shoe tops are tabooed; ust not be transparent. Though rve line is the line of beauty, learn at school, skirts that ac « curves are made unlawful, vns must be high enough on the srs and neck to prevent more decorous exposure of the Naked arms will not be per for it is decreed that sleeves of kimono length at least must worn on the streets. •Suppose the ordinance is pass will it ever be enforced? It is haruiy possible. Woman, with her delicious disregard for mere man's ponderous statutes, will continue to dress her self as she pleases, and there will be none so bold br to say her nay. And another thing—why all this detail of outlawed costume? many of the styles aimed at may be out of fashion before the ink is dry on the city’s law books. Even now the Bulgarian blouse, only an infant in age, is being crowded out of the shops by Roumanian raiment. And the Mexican war seems just to be getting a good start. Mediator Chambers William Lee Chambers, named by President Wilson as commissioner of mediation and conciliation under the Newlands act, is an Alabamian who has held many positions of honor and trust in the past. He is versed in the law, in business and in arbitration, and should make an ideal presiding of ficer of the newly created court. Judge Chambers at one time was president of the First National bank of Montgomery, and later was at the head of the company which founded Sheffield. His wife is the daughter of Justice David Clopton, who for a long time was a member of the su preme court of Alabama. That Judge Chambers is fully equipped for the delicate duties he will be called upon to perform is well indicated by the position he has oc cupied. He was the American member of the commission established by Eng land, Germany and the United States under the treaty of 1890; chief justice of the international court to settle the Samoan claims, 1897-1901; member of the Spanish treaty claims commis sion, 1901, and in 1910 served as third arbitrator of the controversy be tween 49 railroads operating west of Chicago and the Brotherhood of Fire men and Enginemen. The naming of Judge Chambers and his associates is a guarantee that their decisions in the pending dispute between the railroads of the east and their employes will carry weight with the country. Home Rulo Delayed By a vote of 302 to 64 the House of Lords rejected the home rule bill for the second time and by their action hav^ served no purpose but to stave off the happening of an event which they are powerless to p«vent. It does seem very shortsighted policy to stand in the way and get run over when there are many means of escape, but the House of Lords has become so shortsighted that it only needs to be let alone while it stumbles blindly along to the ditch that lies ahead. Nothing is more difficult for the American to understand perhaps than the hereditary feature in a legisla tive body and that is the feature which figures sc prominently in the present conflict between the House of Commons and the House of Lords. The bill for the reform of the upper house makes the abolition of the hereditary right the essence of the measure. The anomaly cf allowing an irresponsible body to frustrate the emphatically expressed will of the nation, and es pecially when that body exercises that privilege against one particular party, is completely at variance with modern ideas of constitutional government. For the present the home rule bill must be laid aside, but with the open ing of the next parliamentary term it will be introduced in the House of Commons for the third time within the two years provided by the veto bill. The next term of Parliament will begin about the middle of January, and the passage of the home rule bill during that term will mean its final enactment whether the lords assent to or reject it. The Irish may well contain their souls in patience knowing that the hour of their deliverance is at hand, and the intervening period will help to prepare men’s minds for the task that awaits a nation going into busi ness for itself. Skulls of brainless prehistoric man have been found in Indiana. If the explorers succeed in digging up some of the literature of that age, interest ing comparisons with the present out put may be expected. Uncle Sam will no longer provide em bossed stationery for its lawmakers. What’s the use of being a congress man these days, anyhow? The Arabs have declared a holy war. In this they may have more success than they did in their recent scrap with Italy. Why shouldn’t Mr. Bryan lecture? asks the wag. It would be a horrible thing if he had to keep his mouth shut and bust. This year’s crops promise to be the biggest in the country’s history. Who said signs of hard times are on the horizon? The Mulhall letters show the old fashioned typewriter to b* about as dangerous as the new fangled dicta phone. Mr. Bryan’s little jaunt Into the lec turing field will put him In excellent trim for a talk with Ambassador Wil son. t - »e been many interesting ses ’ gress, but the extra session of |rd makes a new high record ■ variety and sensational features as a result of the probe habit. No matter what the weather bureau says, look out for an electric storm and a good deal of rain tonight or tomorrow. The tariff debate in the Senate may run along into September, but the votes have already been counted. Count Zeppelin has it on most of the other aeronauts. He is 70 and hasn t been killed a single time. The "silhouette gown" Is said to be the latest. Well—but this is a family newspaper. Wall street these days looks like a side thoroughfare in the Deserted Vil lage. Chagrin Is the terrible part of the Turk just now. COLOR PHOTOGRAPHS Frothe Literary Digest. The beginning is the normal beginning of all things photographic—namely, an ex posure. This is done by electric light—and three negatives are taken of the subject one through a violet screen, a second through a green and the third through an orange. These three negatives are exactly superposabie, and all are in black and white; but the lights and shades are differently placed, the plates having been made by different colored lights. These negatives furnish three positives in color on gelatin paper. Mr. Vancamps has in vented a colored gelatin paper—yellow, red and blue, the complementary colors to those of the screens. Without this paper the process woulil not be possible. The three positives are blue, red and yellow. The yellow paper is used with the negative taken through the violet screen, the red with that taken through the green screen, and, flnaMy, the blue with the product of tile orange screen. These posi tives are made by placing the paper In contact with the negative and exposing it to electric light. This fixes the colored matter in the gelatin where the negatives allow’S it to pass. Washing removes the color that has not been fixed by the light Thus there are th»ee positives—blue, yel low and red. In which each color has its own distribution, the relations of light and shade being different. To obtain the totalized positive print, it is necessary, as might be anticipated, to combine the three colored prints. This is done by detacning the gelatin films frern the paper and superposing them exactly on another sheet. This is all. The gelatin being very thin, and the colors very trans parent, the eye sees each of the prints through the others and the effects melt together. From a single set of negatives any de sired number of positives may be printed. But it will be realized that the number and delicacy of the manipulations do not allow of the production of the colored photograpts at th3 prices of ordinary photographic prints. THE DECAY OF “SAMPLING” From the New York Herald. The custom of giving things away in the hope of promoting trade has bred a race of professional “samplers” who have solved the problem of living for next to nothing. The “sampler” eats voraciously at the demonstration coun ters in department stores. He gets somples of tea, sugar and soap from the grocer, and could easily make a coat of many colors’ from the samples of textile fabrics that the dry goods merchant showers upon him. He writes for every periodical that advertises free sample copies, and he has never been known to subscribe. Time was when he enjoyed sample trips into the country on pleasant Sundays by taking part in the free excursions advertised by sub urban land companies. The enjoyment of these trips w'as frequently enhanced by free lunch and a brass band. Quite recently the real es'tate venders have discovered that the “sampler” never takes part in the bidding when the building lots are put up at auction, and in the future their money will be spent on newspaper advertising in stead of chowder and music. At the same time the readers of high class papers have learned the real value of things offered for nothing. POSTMARKS From the Pittsburg Post. The ease with which the initiative and referendum is said to have been defrauded in Ohio is a sad blow to those who believed it would be the “salvation of the people.” No necessity for startling the country with the report that the President got lost in the New Hampshire woods. He found himself. Prince Henry is going to visit us again. When a man is willing to re peat, it is plain that the first ex perience was to his liking. About the only thing that distin guishes sleeping in the parks from sleeping in bed these nights is the cool discomfort. Survivors of the civil strife point to 14 Mexican war veterans in reunion as an evidence of their own youthful ness. Citizen soldiers find it hard work practicing the rules of war, but it is better than a loafing vacation. Panama is dunning Uncle Sam for canal zone rent. Now what do you think o' that? COULDN’T PLAV •AT ALL From Answers. Knickerboclcered and resplendent in dazzling tartan stockings, Algernon sauntered from the clubhouse to the golf links, and there, on the first tee, having carefully adjusted his monocle and "addressed’’ the ball for a pro digious length of time, began his game. “By the way, caddie,” he remarked presently, “what sort of a game does Mr. McJones play?” The diminutive young Scotsman screwed up his weather-beaten face. "Mr. McJones? He canna play at all." “Ah," said Algenon. "You see. I'm playing a match with him tomorrow. Suppose I shall beat him easily—what?” The caddie shook his head wisely. "Na," he replied; "that-ye will not." RANDOM REFLECTIONS From the Boston Transcript. The tongue is boneless, yet it can strike harder than the fist. Speech is not silver in the settlement of the grocer's bill. You may be expert in steering your auto and yet run Into debt. The purse-proud man doesn't object to putting his pride in Ills pocket. The self-made man is not infrequent ly like other amateur productions. When opportunity knocks at the door it is almost certain to require a little ready cash. Never mt^t trouble half way—let it travel the full distance and It may wear itself out. IN HOTEL LOBBIES In the Bunlncua World "While the iron market is still dull busi ness generally In the Birmingham district is very brisk," said Horace Hammond of the Ilammond-Byrd Co. "Business conditions throughout the country seem to be sound. There is evidently a better feeling than was man ifested a few' weeks ago. "Mr. W. W. Jacobs of Hartford, Conn., president of the Shelby Iron company, who was in Birmingham this week, took a bright view' of the business situa tion. He thought the great crops this year would make for healthy activity throughout the country in the fall." The Christmas Club "In these warm summer days It is in teresting to observe the enthusiasm on the part of members of the American Trust and Savings bank Christmas club as they make their deposits with a view of having holiday money in December," said a dally visitor to the bank re ferred to. "The Chirstmas club, which was start eel a few months ago, has grown very fast, I am told. Anyone who watches from week to week the line of depositors quickly realizes that fact. On December 15 the fund will be distributed to abotU 1500 members. Many persons save mousy for Christmas in this way who would otherwise be ‘busted’ when the glad sea son comes round." The Park Concert* “Although we have had several hard rains since the open air muslo began about two weeks ago not a single concert has had to be omitted on account of inclement weather,” said a club man. “Last year many of the concerts at the beginning of the season had to be called off on account of rain and it may bo that In the coming August the rain will interfere. "But what everybody is talking about —everybody who goes to Capitol park to hear the music—is th© fine quality of Memoli's band. The band contains 27 men besides the conductor and critics say the ensemble Is very fine Indeed. The programmes are made up of good muslo and the extra numbers include light com positions that are decidedly popular." Removing Surplus Tar “The -ladies of Birmingham will cer tainly appreciate the removal of the sur plus taj* that has been so liberally spread over the recently laid wood pavement,” said a business woman. “While it may have been necessary to use the tar pro fusely, yet when the temperature is rang ing close to the 100 mark, which causes the tar to assume an almost liquid form, it makes the street crossings very un desirable, as white shoes and coal tar do not go very well together. “I do not know whether the street paving company or the city authorities are having the extra tar scraped from the wood paving, but whoever is behind the movement they have the approval and appreciation of all classes of women of the city, whether business women or those of the leisure class. I know of a number of instances where white shoes have been almost ruined and dresses badly soiled by the tar, which is almost an inch deep on some of the crossings.” The Irou Market “A year ago at this time the pig Iron and the entire steel trade woke to new life." say Matthew Addy & Co., in their weekly letter. "Then It fell asleep about last February. It seems, however, to be waking again to renewed life and activ ity. Since the beginning of the month there have been heavy transactions. "Buying has been on a large scale, but at prices that keep iron masters awake at night. Still, the main thing is to get the market started and the very low prices have attained this object. At the same time, these unprofitable prices have put out many furnaces and there will presently be a decided reduction in out put. “The most favorable sign of the times Is not the Iron that is being sold, but the demand of many foundries for faster shipments. They really need the Iron. "This week quite a tonnage of north ern iron has been placed, though South ern iron Is still the leader. ‘Coke is still active and is command ing prices which, in view of the prices of iron, seem all out of line. But the coke producers have held firm and are having a most profitable .time of it." The Huntington Marriage "Mrs. Arabella Huntington, widow of C. P. Huntington, one of the great rail road men of this country, who died in 1900, was married last Wednesday to Henry E. Huntington, a nephew of her late husband,” said an old citizen. "The grom is 63 years of age and is a railroad financier and manager of signal ability. Mrs. Huntington must be con siderably older than her new husband. I recall her marriage to C. P. Huntington about 25 years ago. She was then up ward of 40. She is a native of Richmond, but had been living for some time in New York when she met the late Mr, Hunt ington. "When Huntington died it was generally believed that he left between *75,000,000 and *80,000,000, but the estate was appraised at *37,390,811 gross and *28,301,765 net. Mr. Huntington had two adopted children— Archer M. Huntington and the Princess Hatzfeldt. By the terms of his will, Mrs. Huntington was bequeathed two-thirds of his Southern Pacific stock, the interest on a trust fund of *500,000 while she lived and the residue of the estate. By the same will Henry E. Huntington received one third of the Southern Pacific stock and one-half of the residue. "I used to meet C. P. Huntington oc casionally and enjoyed his dry wit. The last time I met him I asked him how much he was worth. He said, with a pe culiar drawl, 'Some days I am worth *25, 000,000 and some days *50,000,000—it depends on the fluceuatlons of the market.' ” If we should have war with Mexico what will Colonel Roosevelt's rank and com mand me? He will be one of the first to offer his services, and the chances are he will start out as a major general. PAY AS EDITOR HELPS From the New York Sun. Walter H. Page, American ambassador in London, is still on the pay roll of Dou bleday, Page & Co. at the salary he re ceived as editor of World’s Work. The salary of $35,000 a year which he receives from the firm, of which he is a member, Is said to have made it possible for him to accept the ambassadorship. His salary as ambassador is $17,500 a year. When Frank N. Doubleday, president of the publishing house, was asked over the; telephone yesterday at his home in Locust i Valley. Long Island, concerning the re-| port, he declined to discuss it, saying it j did not concern the public. It is reported, however, that the publishing house re-1 garded it as a patriotic duty to make it possible for Mr. Page to accept me poet] at the court of St. James. Mr. Page, though remarkably success ful as an editor and highly praised for the work he has done in maintaining high lit erary standards, is not a wealthy man. It would have been a tremendous sacri fice for him to have accepted the diplo matic post if he depended entirely on the salary paid by the government. Presi dent Wilson, who had known him lor many years and admired him. was ex tremely desirous that he should take -he place. The President viewed with dis favor the conditions that made it diffi cult for men of great ability but small wealth to accept diplomatic appointments. When the post was first offered to Mr. Page he demurred because of his lack of wealth. When President Wilson insist ed the firm of Doubleday, Page & Co., it is reported, decided to continue Mr. Page at his former salary and, In effect, to give him a leave of absence. When Mr. Page was asked shortly after his appointment if he expected to imitate the lavish expenditure of his predecessor, Whitelaw Reid, he said: "If you know me your question is an swered. The embassy will be modest and, we hope, dignified." Mr. Page started in life poor. He made Tterary work his calling and has pros pered in it, but the brilliancy of bis liter ary attainments is more in evidence than the actual monetary returns. Mr. Page ! was thought to be the author of "A Pub lisher's Confessions.’’ “HOME-GROWN” CLOTHES From the Augusta Chronicle. Some time ago In Spartanburg, J. TV. Alexander Inaugurated a movement for home grown clothes—the wearing In the south during the summer of clothing made of cotton. At the fair last fall he suc ceeded In pledging 350 Spartanburg men to buy suits made of cloth woven at Spar tanburg from home grown cotton, pro vided the BUlts could be made satisfactory. Mr. Alexander has now sent a bolt of Bedford cord cloth manufactured by a Spartanburg mill to a shrinking plant In the north. As soon as this is shrunk It will be roturned to Spartanburg and a tailor will make a $7.50 su*t for Mr. Alex under. The suit -will be worn and sub mitted to a shrinking test. If it stands the test all right, cloth will be ordered 4or the other 349 suits, and Spartanburg will be wearing ndt only home made but home grown suits. The Charlotte Chronicle regards Mr. Al exander's idea as a most excellent one. It says; . , "Why should not the men of the south wear clothes manufactured from cotton In summer? Why should not farmers of the entire south, for Instance, wear cool, com fortable cotton clothes during this season? Why should not the laborers of this sec tion in the city and in the country wear cotton overalls and khaki suits instead of cheap woolen stufT? The prosperity of the south depends largely upon the cotton growing and cotton manufacturing indus try, not only because of the number of people employed- in that industry, but be cause of the interdependence of all indus tries in this day of complex business and social relationships. If all the men of the south would wear cotton goods In sum mer there would be a considerable In crease In the consumtion of cotton goods at home and Industry would be stimu lated and helped just that much.” IS IT A WET MOONf From the Kansas City Times. A weather prophet at Pratt, Kan., has studied the moon with the greatest care and announces that it is a “wet moon.” The last change in the moon occurred at midnight, on a certain night, and the Kan sas prophet declares that he has never known it to fail that when the change oc curs exactly at midnight the result 13 a “wet moon.” A “wet moon,” be it known, signifies that during the period following the change cf the moon, there will he a great deal ot rain. Old fashioned persons used to “set store” by a wet moon, although none of them ever seemed to be alJle to quite agree as to when the moon was “wet and when it was “dry.” Those who did not attempt to make a mathematical calculation as to the time of the change of the moon, always gov erned their opinion as to Its “witness’* by the looks of the moon. In dry seasons when the corn needed nn Isture and the pastures needed rain, and when there promised to be a shortage of "stock water” because of the drying of the small streams, the next change nf the moon was looked forward to with great Interest. An interesting feature of this old time weather gage was that as a rule the “wet” moon was followed by dry weather. It is believed, however, that the “w*et moon” is quite as reliable as an indica tor of rain as the old belief that rain on Easter Sunday meant rain on each suc ceeding Sunday for seven weeks. TAXING AMERICAN HEIRESSES From the Quebec Chronicle. A democratic member of Congress has asked that there be added to the income tax amendment one to include American women who marry foreigners. The sug gestion in part runs thus: “Just now there is a distinct peril due to t*he fact that numerous ladies—the list is startling—have elected to marry busted foreign dukes and lords and have carried abroad fortunes made by American men and deposited them with their titled husbands.” A rule of the German diplomatic ser vice is that no one connected with it shall marry an American girl, heiress or other wise, without tendering his resignation The point seems to be that American wom en transplanted abroad usually qnore than hold their own if their husbands are con cerned in the management of state af fairs. Democratic members find that the im position of an income tax involves new perplexities every day. Heiresses who buy a title, as a rule get so little for their money that it would seem a shame to add a special fine to the other forms of pun ishment. FAIRY STORY HEROES IN STONE From the Cincinnati Times-St&r. Berlin—The dedication of a “Fairy land Fountain” in a public park of Ber lin was one of the municipality’s con tributions toward celebrating the quar to-centennial of the Emperor’^ reign. Berlin children are now reveling in a wonderful playground where they may see the heroes of their story books. The figures are placed in groups around two basins, the larger of which covers nearly half an acre. Red Riding Hood is there and so is the wolf. Here also is Jack-In-Luck and his pig, Puss-in Boots, Cinderella and her slipper, Sleep ing Beauty and all the rest of the old time favorites. The whole conception is a happy one, the poetry of child life is fittingly embodied in lasting stone amid beautiful surroundings, and it is agreed on all sides that much credit for final success of this beautiful idea is due Emperor William for his rejec tion of the first designs, wliic^i were too elaborate and symbolical. METHOD TO COOL ROOM From the Philadelphia North American. A THOROUGHLY practical method of cooling rooms at small expense has been devised by Hr. William F. Mantling, the medical officer In charge of the government printing office. It con sists merely of suspending vertically a wide sheet of muslin across a room, the fettle being kept constantly wet by water from a pipe perforated at intervals. Ex tend the pipe lengthwise of the room, near the ceiling, suspending the sheet from It, and you have the idea, the water being supplied from a faiice' through a rubber tube to one end of the pipe. A great many square toet of wet muslin being thus exposed, the rapid evaporation of the water produces cold, and the tem perature of the room quickly falls. This simple device is used in the little '•emergency hospital" at the printing of fice in the summer time. ami. no matter how hot the weather is, the temperature of the room can always be kept at about i0 degrees. It has been employed on a 'arger scale in the groat ro ms where fcun ilteds of people work at the typesetting machines, a muslin sheet being stretched ■ r tin < r.c end to the other, and has given utmost comfott to the workpeople. Such a contrivance, obviously, nriv be rigged up anywhere by anybody, but Hr. Man ning suggests that Ike same result inuy be accon,pllshed to some extent by the ready expedient of wetting a bed sheet and hanging it over a clothesline stretched between two opposite walls. A small hint of this kihd ought to be of great value in oases where a difference of a few degrees cf temperature Is of ut most importance to the sick. It may be actually a ctiestlon of life and death to a laity. But, If expense Is not of abso lute importance, an invalid in hot weather can always be kept cool by filling a washtub or other large receptacle with ice I’.nd blowing the air over it toward the bed with an electric fan Some ntmdreds of Pounds ot ice per J'j.t, will he re tiulrtd, ,.e-|,ara. but the eftecc it. admir able. The ice and fan, of course, ought not to be too'near the patient, lest the latter catch cold. At the same time it should be understood that the air is not rendered too damp by this moans, but actually made dry, the moisture it contains being taken up by the lee. An Idea now In use to some extent Is that cf throwing a spray of cold water into a room until the air is supersatu rated and then forcing this cooled air Into other rooms. But the application of human Ingenuity to such problems has evolved no cnO of contrivances; and, as a curious inversion ot the Idea, we have methods of utilizing Ice aclu ally for heating purposes. Carloads of bananas are protected from cold In zero weather by throwing streams cf water upon them with s. hose and thus covering them with a thick coat of ice. The ice keeps the fruit warm by pre venting radiation. AMERICANS AT WIMBLEDON I’rom the Springfield Republican. ALTHOUGH many Americans have gone to Wimbledon, to strive fob the all-England championship, none has ever brought bock the title. The effort has gone on from 1883 to 1013, be ginning with the mission of the Clark brothers of Philadelphia in the former year to the Invasion of our 1913 Davis cup team and the onslaught of the "California comet," Maurice E. McLaughlin, says American Lawn Tennis. In 1883 the Clark brothers, rated here as high as any, met with complete disaster at the hands of the Britishers, and great discouragement followed in America. The string of vain American trips to Wimbledon was but beginning, however. In 1884 Dr. James Dwight of Boston, together with R. D. Sears, the best American player of that tennis generation, contested the English championships without success. In dou bles they fared better than in singles, yet even in doubles they had to bow before the Renshaw brothers, then at the height of their fame. The following year Dr. Dwight again played in England, improv ing enough to be ranked tenth in the Eng lish list of that season. That was all until 1892, when "Ollie” Campbell, the originator of the modern American net game, took a try at Wim bledon. His work was a distinct improve ment over previous American trials, end Campbell placed at scratch in the then common system of handicapping at tour naments, along with England’s two best men of that year, W. Baddeley and E. Renshaw. But Campbell at this rating lost far more frequently than he won. In 1896, William A. Larned went abroad, and tried himself out at Wimbledon. He was liked by the English galleries and all praised his "clean, hard atul fearless hitting." He received sixth place in the rating of the year, losing at Wimbledon to Herbert Baddeley, after he hod two sets to his credit. In 1898 Clarence Ho bart played in doubles in England, part nered with H. A. Nisbet of England, with no little success, but lost several times to the already dominant Doherty brothers. This brings us down to the days of American strength, when we no longer are compelled to admit Inferiority to our cous ins across the pond. To be sure, when In 1901 they went to England, Davis and Ward were beaten by the Doherty brothers In the doubles events there, and young Beals Wright and William J. Clothier In the full of the same year met with no striking successes, losing to Jlill yard, Mahony, Eaves and others; yet the standard of play was practically even. From 1901 on but one real attempt has been made to acquire the coveted title of world’s champion. In 1907 Wright and Behr went into the English tournament. Just oft the ship, and Wright lost to Wild ing, whom subsequently tn the Davis cup tie he defeated easily, while Behr did not finish the tournament. But In 1910 Beal9 Wright made a strenuous effort to win at Wimbledon. Playing in Us best form, he reached the fiual round, tne "farthest north” for Americans at Wimbledon. There he met a man whom he was In the habit of beating, and largely through su perior strategy, Anthony F. Wilding ot New Zealand, the present title holder, then making his first serious effort to wear the laurels which his compatriot, Brookes, had worn before him. A viotory for Wright was to be expected, hut an upset occurred. The mutch bears no slight resemblance to the famous II. L. Doherty-Ward match In the Davis cup passages of 1905. By magnificent volleying and complete effectiveness at the net, Wright won the two first sets, 6-4, 6-4, Wilding not put ting his whole strength to stop him. Wilding was using hts head better than hts American rival, If results may be used as a criterion, for he allowed Wright’s attack to wear Itself out. The Bostonian found It Impossible to maintain his terrific aggressiveness, hts attack slackened, and as It slackened, Wilding came to the fore. The New Zealander's volleys becunie dan gerous, Ills drives went In, and past Wright; he was the aggressor. Grad ually. and not very slowly. Wright sim ply petered out, and the match was Wilding’s, 4-6, 4-6, 6-3, 6-3, 6-3, and with it tli right to challenge A. W. Gore for the title. This was America’s closet to the championship until a few days ago, when Maurice E. McLoughlln occupied the cen ter court at famous Wimbledon. MANY ODD INDUSTRIES From Tid Bits. Quaint Industries thrive in unexpected spots in our great manufacturing areas. One of the strangest is the making of spectacles for cows. This, though an un pretentious calling, is a very profitable one, and a Birmingham llrm is kept busily employed all the year round as bovine op tician. Siberian farmers prove the chief cus tomers. On sunny days in spring their cows are set, free to wander over the snowy plains. The reflection of the solar rays from the snow sets up a form of eye inflammation in the animals, and so seri ous did such cases become that the cow keepers had to discover a way to prevent the snow blindness. An enterprising member of the Birming ham firm, while traveling through Siberia, saw the opportunity of trade, grasped It, i anw now his firm is spectacle maker in chief to nearly all the cows in Siberia. The glasses are made of darkened glass, fixed into leather frames, and are held in position by straps extending round the horns. With the huge increase in the herds of milch cows in Siberia, consequent upon the demand in this country for Siberian but ter and cheese, the business of the cattle opticians is a growing one. Canadian farmers are also adopting the system, and the possibilities of the trade are extend ing. Tourists in the east like to secure "real" Indian or Chinese idols to bring home as trophies of their journeys. The wily Ori ental, with a-quick eye for trade, has laid himself out to eater for tills demand, but he has the "real” idols made in bulk at wholesale prices in England. In a squalid back court In a certain town in the Midlands there exists an idol fac tory. Quite a booming trade is done. Scores of eastern "gods" are cast weekly. The chief ingredient in the idols' composi tion is a material left as a residue in the manufacture of galvanized sheet Iron, a substance of practically no commercial value. The "gods" are made in the rough, are shipped in hulk to the east, where they are painted, and later on find their way into the bazars as valuable articles for sale. The tourist comes along, Is fascinated with the appearance of the idol, purchases it, and later it will probably figure in a drawing room in this country as a "real" eastern curio. Thus the Idol which, In the rough, was worth about is., may have been sold, after a few daubs of paint, in the east for £2 or £5. On its return to England the "god," originally made from a waste material, has become almost a priceless fetish. . The humble potato is put to some sur prising uses. Under one process the outer skin Is removed, the white flesh is treated with sulphuric acid and other chemicals, pressed by powerful hydraulic machinery into blockswhich are cut and carved Into various sFmpes and sizes and sold ns "ivory." The keyboards of cheap pianos and organs arc often made from this "Ivory," and it thus happens that people actually produce fairly respectable music through the medium of the humble po tato. 8hark steak is a favorite dish with American epicures. We Britons, however, only require the shark skins. These are tanned by a special process into shagreen leather, which is used in many ways. The green, sheeny hand bag of the lady, or the handsome cigar care of the gentleman, of which article each is so proud, is in all probability nothing more than the skin of a man eating shark. HAUNTED BY EYES Chicago Dispatch to the New York Sun. “I told him to shut his eyes, and then when he couldn’t see I just lifted him from my wagon and tossed him into the river. He yelled once and then was gone." That was the statement of Harold Fragel, the 7-year-old boy who says that iie threw George Hammer, 2 years his junior, into the river at the West North avenue bridge. The two had been playmates for more than a year. "We had been playing Indian," said Harold, "and George wouldn't play my way, so I thought 1 would get even with him. I put him in my wagon, and then when we got to the river I told him to shut his eyes and keep them shut. George didn’t open them once, and it was easy, for I didn't want him to get scared and get me in trouble, I lifted him up quietly, and before he could shout or do anything I just threw him over the edge. “He looked funny in the water, but I got frightened at the awful look I saw on his face when he turned over. He went down In a minute, and then l ran home with my wagon. If George had only played as I wanted him to I wouldn’t have done it, but I had to get even somehow. I’m not sorry, any way, but I get frightened when I think of the way he looked in the water.” AUCTION BRIDGE TERMS From Life. Over—A roof—if you’re lucky. Satisfied—Never; it’s too American. Hearts—Before marriage. Diamonds—At the wedding. Clubs—After marriage. Spades—Last call. A Short Suit—In bathing. Pivoting—When you marry a widow. Cutting In—War. Down and Out—Depends upon your part ner. SEA LOKGIHB Kara Teasdale, In Smart Set. A thousand mllOH beyond this sun steeped wall Somewhere the waves creep cool along the sand, The ebbing tide forsakes the listless land With the old murmur, long and musi cal; The windy waves mount up and curve and fall, And round the rocks the foam blows up like snow— Though I am Inland far, I hear and know. For I was born the sea's eternal thrall. X would that I were there, and over me The cold Insistence of the tide would roll. Quenching this burning thing men call the soul; Then with the ebbing I should drift and be Less than the smallest shell that stars the shoal, I I^ss than the seagulls calling to th« sea. "