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_ THE BIRMINGHAM AGE-HERALD
VOLUME XXXXIII BIRMINGHAM, ALABAMA, THURSDAY, JULY 24, 1913 14 PAGES NUMBER 79 _ Charred Remains of Fire Victims Almost Beyond Recognition JEWELRY AIDS IN IDENTIFICATIONS Scores of Workmen Labor Far Into Night in Search for Bodies in Ghastly Ruins—Thorough Investigation Binghamton. N. Y., July 23.—Thirteen bodies, hurned beyond recognition, were recovered from the ruins of the overall factory’ of the Binghamton Clothing com pany today. The first was found near the center of the debris strewn cellar short ly before noon. Bate this afternoon 11 more were uncovered at a point near ■where the stairway led to the entrance of the building. The thirteenth body was found tonight. It was identified as that of John Schermerhorn, the engineer, by a pair of rubber heels he is known to have worn. One of the charred bodies is believed to be that of Nellie Connor, the fore woman, who sac rificed her life In an ef fort to save those in her charge. A dia mond ring and diamond earrings worn by Miss Connor were found. The body of Mrs. Mary Pryor, wife , of Thomas Pryor, was identified by an insurance key bearing her name. Jewelry Found Rings and other jewelry found near tlie bodies are expected to aid in further identifications. It is still impossible to accurately estimate the number of dead. At least 50, probably more, are believed to have perished in the flames. A partial list compiled by District At torney Meagher contains the names of seven identified dead. 30 reported as miss ing and 57 survivors, some of whom were injure®. At least 111 persons are said to have been In the building when the. tire broke out. The identified dead: Lassie M. Fulmer, Mary E. Sullivan, Mrs. Ida Prentiss, Mrs. Alvin White, Mrs. Mary Pryor, Nellie i Connor. John Scltei merhonr. Reported missing: Ruth Button, Mar garet Diamond, Maltha Burdick. Lena Kennedy, Lou Shove. ' Catherine (Tovfe, Bessie Ray, Louise Hartman, Mary Cree gan, Ida Golden, Anna Katz, Eva -, Julia-, Mary-, Lizzie Risley, Mary Poles!, Sidney Dimmick, Mrs. Em ma iieeil and doughty, Mrs, Hattie Five man, Mulli Gleason. Mis.v Childs, Celia Schneider, Nellie-—, Mary Smith. Allie Sadonias, Sarah Foran, Mrs. Melvin Clark, John Shoemaker. . Mrs. Ida Prentiss died at the City hos cpttal today. The coadltloh of Mrs. Mary Rennick and Edna Crotty and Mrs. May Layton is said to be serious. Esther Ran kin, Mrs. Marq uaret Quick, Mrs. Ida Houglitalitig and Charles Contesse are ex pected to recover. Work Among Ruins Scores of laborers, many of them vol unteers, worked throughout the day and far into the night In the search for buried bodies, w hile a crowd of relatives and friends of the missing watqhed them silently. The office safe, which is said to con tain a list of the factory’s employes, was uncovered tonight, hut it was so hot no attempt was made to open it. State and local authorities promise a thorough investigation into the circum stances which made possible yesterday s death toll. Coroner Seymour announced today he would begin an inquest tomor row afternoon. v* Tonight representatives of the state la bor department, the state tiro marshal and the state factory Investigating com mittee arrived here prepared to aid in probing the disaster. While the officials arc seeking to place the responsibility for the loss of life and property. Binghamton citizens arc aid ing in comforting the stricken and be | reaved and relieving the suffering. Mayor Irving this afternoon appoint 4 ed m commiitee of citizens to receive ' and disburse to the* sufferers funds that are being contributed. A public funeral probably will be held for the unidentified victims in which the clergv of various denominations will par ticipate, and It Is- planned to erect a monument to record the names of those who perished. Many of the survivors called on Reed B. Freeman, president of the Bingham ton Clothing company, at his home to day. to extend their sympathy. ”1 don’t know how f stand in a busi ness way,” said Mr. Freeman. "Maybe it's all gone; but I would give all there was if I could bring back one of the girls to life.” COAHUILA REPORTED IN HANDS OF REBELS Unofficial Advices Say Mexican Con * stilutionalists Are Successful. Report Is Denied Mexico City, July 23.—Unofficial ad vices received here today persistently report that the town of Torreon, In the state of Coahuila, has fallen into the hands of the constitutionalists. Offi cials of the Mexican government, how ever, deny the report. The Torreon garrison consisted of more than 3000 officers and men as well as a number of cannon, nad if the town lias capitulated it is assume'! here that a portion .of the garrison must have revolted and aided the rebels. EXACT NUMBER OF FACTORY FIRE VICTIMS UNKNOWN Death Toll at Binghamton May Reach Sixty—Six Bodies Identified. List of Employes Destroyed Binghamton, N. Y., July 23.—The exact number of persons who perished in the fire in the Binghamton Clothing com pany's overall factory yesterday may never be known. The list of employes is ,in the ruins. Only a half dozen of the bodies recov ered have been identified. A careful estimate places the number of those in the building at the time the fire broke out at 111. Of these only 53 are known to have been saved. Six dead have been identified, 15 bodies, charred beyong recognition, are at the morgue, seven injured are in the hospitals, several slightly injured are safe at their homes. Eleven have been reported by relatives as missing and 26 others are unaccounted for up to this lime. x Mrs. Ida Prentiss, who suffered terrible burns about the head, died today, and Mrs. Mary Benny, another of the injured, is not expected to recover. City physicians estimate the death toll at 50, but admit it may reach 60. Bodies of several girls lost In the cen ter of the building may never be found. ASHURSTDENIES BRISTOW CHARGES Declares He Has Not Misused Public Funds—“Senator Acquits Him self,” Says Owen Washington, July 23.—In response to1 Senator Bristow's recent charges that he had spent as much as $100 a day send ing telegrams at public expense regard ing private affairs, Senator Ashhurst to day addressed the Senate denying that he had misused public funds. He read telegrams he had sent out re garding an advisory election for federal Judge, the release of John Kenneth Tur ner in Mexico and the irrigation confer ence in Washington. He insisted they dealt with public affairs and Jie offered to pay for them if the Senate committee on contingent expenses would decide they were not official business. “If the senator believes those telegrams deal with public matters, Jiis conception of the term is different from mine," Sen ator Bristow said. “To my mind the senator lias acquitted himself,” interposed Senator Owen. Discussion did not go further. SERVIA AND GREECE REACH AGREEMENT Peace Negotiations With Bulgaria Will Take Place in Bucharest's Environs Sofia, Bulgaria. July 23.—Servia and Greece today agreed that peace negotia tions with Bulgaria should take place in Bucharest’s environs. An arrangement for an armistice in Nish probably will be con cluded within a couple of days. Greece insists that the armistice and the agree ment for peace negotiations be signed sim ultaneously. Roumania has refused Turkey's request to participate in Hit peace conference. The powers have consented to these ne gotiations. bieut. Qen. Nelson I u Miles. I*. B. A., retired, has made an Uppeal to the American Red Cross for funds for Macedonian refugees. FALLS 110 FEET AND THEN WALKS AWAY St. Louis Steeplejack Badly Bruised in Fall (from Stack, But Waves Aside Physician's Aid Si. I.ouis, July 23.—After falling 110 feet (ri.ru the top of a smokestack to a steel roof and after stopping with Ills head a bucket of tar which followed him in the plunge, Kdtvarrl Horner, a "steeplejack" at the Granite City. 111., steel works, to day waved aside hospital attendants and then walked half a mile to his home. There a physician said that although Horner s head and shoulders were badly bruised, and that he probably was In ternally Injured, he might recover. Horner had been hoisted to the top of the smokestack preparatory to painting 11 when the rope broke. ISAAC B. WALKER GRANTED PARDON Was Convicted in 1912 of Misapplica tion of Funds of Dallas, Tex., Bank Washington, July 23.— President Wilson decided today to grant a full and uncon ditional pardon to Isaac B. Walker, con victed at Dallas, Tex., May 29, 1912, of misapplication of the funds of the Union National bank of Dallas, of which he was vice president, arid of making false re ports to the comptroller of the currency. Tis five year sentence was commuted by President Wilson May 21, 1913, to a year ami a day. The President advised Attorney Gen eral McReynolds that upon a further con sideration of the case he had decided to pardon the prisoner. MOSLEM HORDES RECEIVE WELCOME Another Account of Reoccupalion of Kirk Kilisseh by Turkish Troops Given Out Constantinople. July 23— An official communication giving details of the re occupation uf Kirk Kilisseh by the Turk ish tioaps was issued by the Ottoman government today to counterbalance the Bulgarian allegations as to atrocities committed by the Turks. It gives a picturesque account of how tin inhabitants of Kirk Kilisseh welcomed the Moslem hordes. It says: •Their emotion was Indescribable anil flowers were showered from the win dows on the Ottoman troops by women weeping with happiness." CHARLES SUMNER HAMLIN TO SUCCEED J. F. CURTIS Washington, July 23:—Charles Sumner Hamlin of Boston lias been selected as , assistant secretary of I lie treasury in ! Charge of the customs service to succeed James F. Curtis, who will retire August 1. Secretary McAdoo today formally rec 1 on,mended tire appointment to President ^ Wilson, wlm Is e.yfiected to send the ■ name to the Senate'within a few days. Mr. Hamlin occupied the same position during tlie second administration of President Cleveland. He is understood t, have declined the place early in.the Wi! •an administration, but now will be urged ( to accept because of his intimate knowl edge of customs questions. in view of the impending enactment of the tariff bill. Secretary McAdoo has been seeking a successor to Mr. Curtis a man of "wide customs experience to handle ibe vast administrative problems involved in a sweeping change in tariff policies and duties. Mr. Hamlin was spe cla^commissioner of the United States to Japan in 1897, commissioner at the con dition between Russia* Japan and the 'nited States tHe same year, and com missioner .it the convention between ..treat Britain and United States to de oimlne the fur seal fishery controversy I also in 1897. ONE RESULT OF MI LI TANTISM Large metal shields, some three feet hroad, carried over the shoulders like a housewife’s apron, may be worn by London police in the future when dealing with irate suffragettes. Officials of Scotland Yard have been testing and experimenting with this new police armor, and it is thought that it will be adopted. ........... PEACE PROSPECTS S"~.i _ ; Greece’s Attitude May Cause Trouble—No Decision as to Dealing With Turkey London, July 23.—Prospects for peace among the Balkan states were much Improved today, the King of Roumania using his influence towards general conciliation. Difficulty, however, is ex pected from the extreme attitude of Greece in claiming possession of Kavala and Dram^, as well as Salonikl. The powers seem to have reached no decision how to deal with Turkey. Lord Morley, questioned on this subject In the House of Lords tonight, deprecated public discussion of such a critical sit uation. He pr&cticitijp r^petited Premier Asquith's warning to Turkey. He said he was unable to state what action the powers were prepared to take, and added that the British gov ernment still desired to carry out a policy of supporting the Ottoman gov ernment in the reorganization of its administration and finances. Immediate Cessation Sofia, July 28.—Replying to a third telegram from King Ferdinand of Bul garia, King Charles of Roumanla an nounces that he has instructed his gov ernment to propose to Servia and Greece an immediate cessation of hos tilities pending formal signature of an armistice. Rounmnia has further agreed not to interfere with railway or tele graphic communication in northern Bulgaria. The conciliatory disposition displayed by Roumalnia In the last few days is tending to mitigate the resentment felt at the Roumanian invasion. The Russian Emperor has sent a mes sage to King Ferdinand in response to Bulgaria's appeal to Russia to end the war, expressing sympathy with Bulgaria's misfortunes and joy at the prospect of peace, adding, however, that the Bulgarians must be prepared to make sacrifices. The Bulgarian delegates are expected to start for Bucharest at the end of the week and negotiations will begin next week. The Servians resumed their attacks Tuesday to the northwest of Kustendll, and In a series of desperate engage ments were repulsed. It is reported that the powers have assured Bulgaria It is needless for her to occupy herself with Turkey's erup tion in Thrace as they will deal with it themselves. Terms Not Announced Athens, July 24.—The allies terms will not be announced before the meeting of the Bucharest conference, but It is known that they will be based on the principal of the baalnce of power in the Balkans. According to Athens newspapers Bul garian delegates will propose the cession to Greece of Salonikl and the hinterland as far as Seres, as well as the line of tlie Struma river to Tsages, hut will claim for Bulgaria the retention of Kavala. They also will propose that no indemnity he demanded. Isolate Bulgarians London, July 24.—A Salonikl dispatch to the Post describe a Greek atempt being made by combined land and sea move ments to isolate 2O.U00 Bulgarians still re maining between the southern Bulgarian frontier and the Aegean littoral. A Vienna dispatch to the Chronicle says news has reached there of a great move ment of troops in southern Russia obvi ously intended for the coercion of Tur key. Dispatch to Kings Bucharest, July 23.—King Charles ad dressee! a dispatch today to the kings of Greece. Servia and Bulgaria recommend ing adherence to the Rounmnia proposals in consideration of Bulgaria’s situation and Europe’s desire that Bulgaria shall not suffer further damage. WRIGHT RETURNS FROM CONFERENCE Washington. July 23—Ur. Hamilton Wright, who with Lloyd Hr.vce, Ameri can minister at The Hague, represented the United States at the recent interna tional opium conference there, reutrned to Washington today and reported orally the results of his mission to Acting Sec retary Moore. So far as the United States is concerned little now remains to lie done beyond submitting to the Senate fni its approval me general convention designed to prevent traffic In habit form ing drugs and to enact certain bills pend ing in C.nrrp.» carrying out internally the pro visions of lit* treaty. The Business Section of Marion Swept By Flames Fire Originating in Hendrix Mercantile Co. Spreads to Adjoining Stores, Doing Damage Estimated at $63,500 Marlon, July 23.—(Special.)—Fire which started at 1 o’clock this afternoon In the dry gods store of the Hendrix Mercan tile company destroyed the entire stock, also the furniture stock of the Dozier Wholesale Grocery company, and dam aged the stock of groceries of the latter firm. The stocks of goods of E. H. Tubbs, W. H. Mason and the Marion Dry Goods company were damaged by water and fire. The flames spread rapidly and In a short time the entire block was consid ered doomed, as the water pressure was low and the waterworks plant had to j be gotten under steam before the volume of water epuld be increased. The hun dreds of 4Pec^at°rfi were compelled to Ur A* on wfeiiie jtbe flames ate their way Inv* the moldings unchecked toy the fire department. The falling of a back wall and a heavy downpour of rain possibly saved the en tire block, and a property loss of a quar ter of a million dollars, which would have Included the residences of James A. Smith and Mrs. A. V. Hannah. The losses were, approximately: E. li. Tubbs’ stock $2500, building, $500; W. H. Mason's stock $1500, building $500; Marion Dry Goods company's stock, $2U00; Hen drix Mercantile company’s entire stock, $30,000; Dozier Wholesale Grocery com pany’s stock, $12,5000; C. H. Dozier, build ings, $15,000; a total of $63,600, all of which was practically covered by insurance. The heroic w’ork of the wife of the manager of the waterworks department who took charge of the plant in the ab sence of her husband and set the pumps to work doubtless helped In a large meas ure to check the flames. MEXICAN BANDITS BESIEGE AMERICAN CITIZENS IN MADERA _ Americans Reduced to Star vation, Declares Messen ger—Rebel Troops to the Rescue PJI Pm* it. July 23.—Huddled In two honors la the main ntrrrt of Madera, Mexico, the Anteriettun who are be. nlebed by liandlta. had been reduced practically to starvation when a ines aeuger left there four daya ago. Today after a hard trip overland through mud he arrived. He said the bandits are bent upon murdering the Americans for protection given some cowboys who attacked and killed two bandits who were stealing livestock and are filing into the settlement at inter vals. The messenger said all canned goods had been exhausted when he left, and the Americans had been reduced to subsist ence on meal and a little flour. There art some Englishmen and other foreign ers, in Madera in addition to the Amer icans: To Relieve Prisoners Reports received at the local Mexican rebel Junta state that Rancho Villa lias started south with his rebel command to relieve the Americans at Madera. Meantime, the attack on Juarez is given up. Villa, it is stated, hopes to will recog nition for the constitutionalists from the United States by protecting Its citizens. He lias sent part of his men to the Mex ican Central railroad south of Juarez to resist attempts of the federals to re build the railroad between Chihuahua anJ Juarez. Repair crews are only a few miles below Juarez and a train is ex pected into Juarez tomorrow. This will enable Chihuahua to get food again if the federals can keep the road open. Alexander Fullerton Dead New York. July 23.- The,death of Alex ander Fullerton, a noted student of theo sophy, at a sanitarium on Long Island, on Monday night became known today. For many years he was the American secretary of the Thoosophteal society, of which Mrs. Annie Hesant wits president. He was a man of independent means and devoted his whole fortune as well as his life to the study ami dlsemlnation of tile digest of the principles of theosophy. Fullerton traveled widely. NEARLY 500 LETTERS OF MOLHALL READ BY LOBBY HUNTERS Senate Committee Makes Rapid Inroads on Inves tigation—Was Trying to See Murphy Washington, July 23.—The Senate lobby committee put on full speed ahead today and In an unusually short session got into the record nearly 500 letters of Martin M. Mulhall, alleged political worker and legislative de tective for the National Association of Mauu acturers. Mulliali was on the stand only about an hour after the noon recess, but the committee made rapid progress and members hoped tonight to get through with the correspondence some time Friday. The committee will decide then whether attorneys for the association shall be permitted to cross examine the witness. From the way in which Sena tors Heed an^ Walsh already have re ferred to cross-examination it is prob able that the only way the lawyers will be able to get at Mulhall will be by questions filtered to him through the senators. Covers Slack Period Mulhall'.s testimony today covered a slack period In the summer and fall of 1909 and the early part of 1910 when there was nothing to do In hlw line except to work on strikes, tinker al a few odd jobs 111 politics and keep things generally moving In Washing ton. In several letters Mulhall told of a desire on Ills part to See Charles F. Murphy, "boss" of Tammany Hull, In the interest of the candidacy of George Gordon Battle, for governor of New York. Mulhall was trying to see Murphy through Herman Black, who appeared in the correspondence as an attorney of 111 Broadway. Mulhall swore that Black was a sort of "confidential law yer to Murphy. He said he never saw Murphy on this matter and testified that Mr. Battle was a man of the high est character and clean politics. A letter signed, "Battle and Mar shall^’ asknowledged receipt of a let ter from Mulhall, gave the only in dication so far as the committee had gone tonight Him Battle ever heard of the Interest Mulhall took ill him. Personal Aspirations Mulhall h personal political aspirations came into het proceedings again today when letters were read in which he was spoken of by officers of the association as being "mentioned for Congress," from the “Fourth district" (probably Maryland;. James W. Van Cleave, one time presi dent of the association, wished Mulhaii well In this matter, and John Kirby, Jr., wrote: “I see that somebody has been bussing a congressional be* around your carcass. I suppose next will be a humming bird, representing the Senate, and Mien an eagle representing the presidential chair of Mie Cnited States." Many of the letters today spoke of an ' effort to land F. C. Schwedtman, sec re- j tary to Van Cleave, on the tariff board. Several others told of public documents of ficers wished Mulhall to get. including the report of the national monetary commis sion. Interested in Report Mulhall said the association was inter* ested in that report, but he did not just know how. He swore that copies of the Congressional Record were franked to j most of the prominent members of the Na- j tional Association of Manufacturers, and ■ In one letter boasted that he and James A. Emery, counsel for the association, could get almost any such document and frank it out. Neither Senators Cummins nor Nelson, republican members of the committee, ap peared today ut the hearing. Although neither would discuss the matter, it is gen erally known that they claim the demo crats have been playing politics with the investigation, particularly in the case of 8. VV. McClave, republican candidate for 'Congress in the Sixth New Jersey district, defeated in a special election yesterday. McClave was brought into the ctye -i few days ago by Mulhall. Senator Nelson declared publicly the next day that he did not know the committee "was being used I for campaign purpose#,” and Senator Cummins has not been present at any bearing since, except for a few minutes. -- - — Miners Found Dead Gellenklretlen, Germany. July 3,-Four teen coal miners were round dead today In a pit, where they were entombed yes terday by a fall of coal. A larye area above the mine hail caved in a* a result of a recant eluudburu. HOUSE OF COMMONS GIVEN BRIEF SCARE Cartridge Explodes While Mrs. Pank hurst Is Being Discussed, and Small Panic Ensues London, July 23.—There was a brief ! scare in the house of commons tonight j when a blank cartridge wan exploded. | The Right Hon. Reginald McKenna, I home secretary, was replying to James Kier Hardies question about the re arrest of Mrs. Emmeline Pankhurat | when a shot was fired from the strung- I era’ gallery. The culprit, a man named j Washington, and a member of a social- j 1st club at Leeds, was immediately seized a ml ejected from the building. • There was relief among members of the i house when the pistol was found to he a harmless toy art air. On July II a man fired a toy pistol in the house and caused a panic. MEXICANS USE BIBLE TO MAKE CIGARETTES Dallas Citizen Tells of Capture by the Constitutionalists in Mexico Dallas, Tex., July 23.—Ho^^ome of his Mexican captors used his Bible for dg^ • ette folders was told by 1^. L. Da"s of Dallas, who reached home last night, after being a prisoner of the constitu tionalists of Mexico from May 13 until July 19. Davis said there were only a few chap ters left in the hook when he was re leased. He srid his captors at times had little to eat themselves, but always shared equally with him. He was held for ran som but was released without paying a cent upon demands by American con sular authorities. • ENGINEER DOHERTY FOUND NOT GUILTY Both Engineer and Railroad Are Ex onerated of Criminal Negligence in Samford Wreck Bridgeport, Conn.. July 23.—Neither En gineer Doherty, nor the 5few York. New Haven and Hartford railroad was guilty of criminal negligence in connection with the wreck at Stamford on June 12, ac cording to the finding of Coroner Phelan of Bridgeport today. The finding is based on the death of Ada Pearl Kelly of Chicago, one of the j six passengers killed In the Pullman car Skylark which was telescoped. Her death is classed as accidental. TELEGRAM SPOILS ENTERTAINMENT Message to Bryan From Washington Disarranges Programme in Adel. Contents In known Adel, la.. July 23.—The whole local en tertainment plan for Secretary Bryan as announced in today's news intelligence was spoiled by a BOO word cipher telegram evidently .unexpected which awaited the Secretary here and which came l'rom Washington tills afteinvun, Jfr. Bryan reni.oJ : o ft. rnctn in a hotel where he spent several hours deciphering the code and writing an answer. The secretary declined to discuss its context. STRENGTHEN FAMOUS TOWER OF PISA Condition of Famous Structure Be coming Dangerous—Base to Be Widened Pisa, Italy. July 23.—Arrangements were made today by the authorities to strengthen tile famous leaning tower of Pisa. Tiie tower is inclining more out ■of tlie perpendicular every year and its condition Is becoming dangerous. 'It lias been decided to drain the foundations into which water from the river \rno lias penetrated. The rough base is also to be widened and filled up to the level of the square. CHICAGO MAYOR GOING AFTER TAXIS Charged $1.50 to Ride Mile, Mayor Harrison Demands Ordinance Against Taxi Companies Chicago. July 23 —After, paying $1.60 to ride a mile Mayor Harrison today charac terized taxieax rates in Chicago as high way robbery and declared bis intention of sending a message to the municipal coun cil demanding the passing of an ordi nance materially reducing rate. II** will recommend the abolishing of allowing large taxicab companies the exclusive use of stands ih the downtown district. •••••••••••••••M#MM#»»«M**»*»»****»****«*»***** TODAY’S AGE-HERALI) I l—Thirteen bodies recovered from fire ruins. Mexican bandits besiege Americans Marlon swept by fire. M ul ha 11 letters read. Neutrality in regard to Mexico to, be observed 2— Spillman deals with boll weevil methods. 3— will old guard steal Teddy from progressives? 4— Editorial comment. 5— Rate discrimination against Bir mingham. Three prisoners escape Jail. McDowell will not run for com missioner. Arguments In grocers case today. 6— Society. 7— Sports. 8— Revolution viewed without alarm by China. 9— Gadsden extends hearty greetings to farmers. 10— Democrats win early tights on tar iff measure. 11— ('anal committee makes full re ports. 13— Mar kets. 14— Memorial service held In Huntsville ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••■••••< y. $. MOST OBSERVE STRICT NEUTRALITY INREGARDTOMEXICO Wilson Determines No Par tiality Shall Be Shown Either Faction SENTIMENT IS IN FAVOR OF POLICY Huerta Administration Mot Consid ered Legally Constituted Govern ment—Situation Precipitated by Constitutionalists Washington, July 22.—President Wilson has determined that no fac tion in the present Mexican revolu tion shall obtain arms or ammunition from the ignited States and that neu trality must be observed in ils strict est sense. This was the interpretation of the neutrality laws decided upon by the President today after conferences with Senator Bacon and Representa tive Flood, chairman of the two con gressional committees on foreign relations. While the Mexican rebels have been getting no arms heretofore, today's developments mean that the Hureta administration will be deprived of the privilege previously accorded the Ma dero government and that the United States will treat all sides alike in the present dispute. The situation was precipitated by the re peated complaints of constitutionalists and their sympathizers in this country thit if the L’nlted States did not virtually as sist the Huerta government by selling it munitions of war, a termination of hos tilities would be possible. SENTIMENT FAVORS THE NEW POLICY Sentiment in favor of a new policy, grew In Congress to such extent that today a canvass was made of the committees in both Houses dealing with foreign re lations. it was found there would I e little objection to repealing the Joint resolution of March 14, 1911', which gives the President discretionary power to prohibit exportations of arms or muni tions of war to countries *wl(ero dotncaiio k b.d1 e<; • bm. permits I dm to al low the legally constituted government of any country to buy war supplies as usual. Senator Ha eon, however, reiterated as ho left t lie White House today that the Huerta administration could not be con sidered a legitimate success or the Mo dern regime a legally constituted govern ment. The constitutionalists represen tatives here had protested to the state department that inasmuch as the Hueru government had not been recognized it ought not to obtain arms. This construc tion of the case found favor in official circles, and while the repeal of the reso lution of March 14. I91H, was considered by administration officials as one way of cqualizinii conditions, tL was decided that the same rules con'd be observed by denying ammunitions to all factions. There, nevertheless, is a firm feeling in ('ongres in favor of lifting toe. embarg > on arms ami giving both sides an equal opportunity to equip themselves. This sentiment finds favor especially among those who beliavo that the Carranza r cue is have public opinion behind them in Mexico and if given the arms with whicu to supply their large unequipped forces, the revolution would end speedily in thslr favor. KEEP ARMS FROM ENTERING COUNTRY For the present, however, the admin istration will issue orders to its agents everywhere to keep arms from entering the rebellion torn country. This will in terfere materially with the plans or the ilueria forces, since orders for large supplies of arms and amfm.nition are said to have been placed recently with firms in the Edited biates. Although the constitutionalists hold no seaports of consequence, they have de moralized the railroad systems, and it would be difficult for the federal* to get munitions transported Into the Interior after importing: them from Europe. The President canvassed other phases of the Mexican situation with Messrs. Bacon and Flood, who said later that no artlon of any kind or pronouncement of a policy was likely until after Ambassa dor Wilson had conferred with adminis tration officials here. Acting Secretary Roosevelt conferred oti the situation with Rear Admiral Frank I... Beatty, commander of the fourth di vision of tlie Atlantic fleet, who has Just returned with hi* flagship, the Min nesota, from a tour of duty in the gulf. Mr. Roosevelt said afterwards that the conference was entirely unoficial and informal, that he sought to obtain first hand, the impressions which Admiral Beatty gained while in Mexico. Admiral Beatty is here on leave to vi-tt his family. 2000 ATTEND DEMONSTRATION State department reports today said that the demonstration in Mexico City yesterday In compliment to tlie new Jap anese minister was attended by about JOU0 persons, almost all of whom were stu dents. Few of tiie laboring class were present. It was stated that only one anti American speech was made, and that (Continued on page Right) !RAILROADS TAKE PART IN PARCEL POST FIGHT Washington, July 23.—Hallway rep resentatives today Joined in the tight to provent Postmaster General Burle son from increasing the size of parcel post packages transmissible through the mails and reducing the rates, to be come effective August 15. A delegation representing th«» railroads generally I throiighout the ^ountry laid their com plaint before senators and representa tives and prepared to protest formally against the changes to the interstate commmce commission. The movement in the Senate itself to # forestall the department changes by re pealing the section of the parcel post law under which the Postmaster Uen | eral claims the right to regulate rates ami sizes further crystallized when I Senator Bn*an of Florida introduced a I joint resolution to repeal the legisla tion In question. Another development of the day was j the postponement from tomorrow un til Friday of the explanation demanded by the Senate postoffice committee of Postmaster General Burleson of his au , Iboi'Uy to inaugurate uo vuuu««i.