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The Birmingham age-herald. [volume] (Birmingham, Ala.) 1902-1950, August 15, 1913, Image 12

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Country Can Then Adjust
Itself to Tariff and Cur
rency Law Provisions
All Reports From Various Sections
Are of Most Hopeful Tone and
General Activity Seems
New York, August 14.—(Special.)—A cu
Hour feature of almost all the reports
wtikh have come to this city from other
parts of the country within a few days—
reports that purport to tell what business
and financial conditions are—is a note of
invitation because Congress has not so
acted that a tariff measure has already
become a law, and furthermore, does not
•ap-oear to he ready to act upon a banking
and currency bill before the frost touches
the leaves. The criticism Is not really
ill natured or captious.
It goes no farther than merely to state
♦hat if Congress would pass a tariff bill
and a banking and currency measure then
business in the United States would in
stantly begin to adjust itself to new' con
ditions. Some of those who write from
other parts of the country admit that pro
crastination of this kind is probably in
evitable since both a tariff measure and
a hanking and currency bill must repr esent
some compromises before the measure can
be parsed by Congress and compromising
takes time.
Many of the reports which have come to
this city speak of one very favorable con
dition throughout the country—namely, a
low supply of stock and commodities.
Merchants everywhere have refrained
from overstocking. In many places their
shelves are almost empty. They will he
in the market, therefore, early in the
fall ready to give orders in large amounts.
This will inevitably bring about a great
business activity.
According to some of the estimates made
by experts, the population of the United
States at tlds time must be a little in ex
cess of 100,IKK;,000. We have, therefore, a
domestic market twice as great as the do
mestic markets ol Great Britain, very
much larger than the domestic markets of
Germany and France.
When jn conversation with hankers, in
case the topic be upon business conditions,
it almost always happens that the bank
ers say the demand for food, clothing,
shelter and what the American people re
gard us Hie necessaries of life, which will
come from 100,000,000 population is of itself
sufficient to make a constant and large
business activity. The only effect of
money stringency or of impaired confi
dence due to doubt, respecting legislation
is tlie reluctance of capital to make in
vestments in new propositions unless the*
terms are very tempting. The American
banks have been criticised in Washing
ton, especially those in New York, for
contracting or denying loans, in that way
repressing business activity. That was
a recent allegation made by Senator Till
man of South Carolina.
Rut all that the hankers of New York
have done in the way of repressing ac
tivity is to discourage the financing of
propositions involving new enterprises.
A Hopeful Sentiment
It is spoken of as very encouraging that
just at tlie time the mowing and thrash
ing machines are beginning harvesting
and at a time, too, when the cotton plant
ers are preparing what will probably he
one of the largest crops of cotton the
country has ever produced, business men
in almost all parts of the country are
speaking many of them with hope, some
of them with real enthusiasm, of the out
look for the remaining months of the pres
ent calendar year. The belief appears to
be general throughout the country that
business activities in the fall of this year
and in the first winter months will be
even greater than was the case last year.
A peculiar feature of this hopeful ten
dency is the fact that It prevails at a time
when tariff legislation is under considera
tion business men are paying compara
tively little heed to the tariff discussion.
In certain lines of trade and manufac
ture some apprehension, it is true, does
exist; but American optimism is so strong
that it is believed that' no matter what
form the tariff bill may take when it
reaches President Wilson for approval it
will not impair American business, al
though it may change some features of it.
What the Reason Is
This comparative indifference to the
schedules of the new tariff law is be
lieved 10 be in great measure due to the
stupendous growth of our foreign com
merce' within the past 10 years, including
cotton. American agriculture was repre
sented in the exports of the fiscal year
which ended June 30 by a credit of $1,028,
000,000, round numbers. Gradually, but
surely, our exportations of argieultural
commodities, food and cotton have been
opproacbmg what was regarded as the
ideal $1,000,000,000 mark. In the 12 months
ending June 30 it passed that mark and
there seems to he no reason for fearing
that tills was an exceptional record, not
again to be equaled. Apparently w« are
to continue exportation of the products of
the soil at a rate of increase comparable
with that whith characterized this expor
tation within the past 10 years. In the
year 1906 it was thought to be an extra
ordinary thing that we exported the
products of American agriculture of the
money value of $921,000,000, round num
bers. The exportation lias gradually in
creased since that year. During the pres
ent summer we have been exporting agri
cultural products, chiefly wheat, to a
phenomenal extent.
The Merchandise Exports
Phenomenal as was the exportation of
agricultural products In the 12 months
ending June 30, they were not such a
phenomenon as was the marketing of
other eommoditleSfthan those produced ui
rectly from tlie soil. Occasionally we hear
from Europe that the statistics are re
garded over there with amazement which
show that our Increase of exportation of
merchandise in the 12 months ending June
30 was $2(50,000,000 greater than they were
in tlie preceding year.
Although It is often said that the trade
balance which represents an excess of ex
ports over imports and the money value of
tlds excess a good deal of a myth, yet it
is not so regarded by our international
bankers. An able an international banker
as America lias produced said three years
ago that the favorable trade balance caused
by our exportation of cotton, amounting
to about $500,000,0000, was of inestimable
advantage to the American people. This
tiade balance enabled us to pay off the
invisible or unrecorded obligations to Eu
rope and still leave a handsome sum in the
form of surplus.
In the present calendar year the prob
abilities are that our International trade
balance will be about $<550,000,000. These
statistics are regarded lierO as explaining
why it is that American business men as
a whole seem to regard with something
like indifference the schedules of the new
tariff bill. With such a foreign commerce
as this readjustment made necessary by
a tariff law and by the adoption of a new
banking and currency system will be
sfieedy and will not lie difficult.
< Con tin ueil from I'ng<> Flight)
should be required to stoop to make mis
statements with reference to my posi
“One of my o] ponents adopts as his
slogan “Statewide prohibition,'’ and seeks
by that route preferment at your hands.
I admire his honesty and frankness" An
other, whose former attitude was thought
to be known, is seeking to avoid the
issue. Byt you shall know exactly where
1 stand myself, and my acts in the past
shall stand sponsor for my position in
the future.
Organized Liquor Traffic
“The* organized liquor traffic of the
United States is the bane of our civiliza
tion. and a trust, the like of which the
world has never known; with its ten
tacles reaching into every organized gov
ernment in America, and for its own prof
it debauching our citizenship and taking
a toll of death that is appalling to every
thoughtful man. This is tlie moral side
of tlie question, appealing to the thought
ful statesman; but the method of deal
ing with the unlawful combination, or
the proper regulation of the traffic, is a
question upon which moral, high-minded,
religious men, If you please, may and do,
honestly differ and still maintain their
self-respect, whether they retain the ad
miration of the extremist on either the
one side or the other.
“I am an old-fashioned democrat. \
believe in the principles of democracy
as announced by Thomas Jefferson. r
believe in the rule of the majority and
I believe in local self-government, a
principle fought for by our fathers from
1801 to 1805, through four years of bit
ter civil strife, in which this state fur
nished more than its quotS of soldiers,
on© of which was my honored and la
mented father, and 40,000 of them laid
down their lives on the various battle
fields of the war between the states.
I “1 um in favor of the individual liberty
of the citizen, so long as the exercise of
that liberty does not interfere with his
neighbor. ^Individual liberty is the heri
Is the Coal for Your Furnace
The price—$2.90 per ton of 2000 lbs.
is low—it burns clean and com
pares favorably to the higher priced
coals in the district.
Let us furnish your furnace. Full
weight, prompt delivery, courted i
Guarantee i IElack Cat|
Coal Co. [ j| T
Phone 6334
-----1 CQ^t,
| tage of every American, and no govern
ment has the right to Interfere with that
| liberty for the promotion of Hupposen
i moral or religious advancement unless it
| conflicts with the rights of his neighbor;
and therefore when it was proposed to
write into our constitution an amendment
which to me seemed to give the power to
the officers of this state, the right of in
terfering with the homes and liberties ot
this people, T chose to oppose that amend
ment and to do what I could to defeat it.
“The homes of the people of this sta’e
.ti'e sacred; their persons are sacred; their
Individual liberty is sacred; and I am,
therefore, opposed to any law which will
grant to any officer or set of officers
under the state government, the right to
search the homes of the citizens of this
state and to seize the personal property
of those citizens contained within those
homes which property was there for the
personal use of himself and his family,
and no law should be passed which would
permit a fanatical government to oppress
the citizen.
Meaning of Ix>cal Option
“Local option does not necessarily mean
the open saloon, and It rests entirely with
a majority of the voters in the commun
ity. No law can be enforced unless there
is a pulbic sentiment back of it in the com
munity where it is expected to be admin
istered and enforced, and, under our sys
tem in the state of Alabama, the laws are
administered by the counties and by the
officers elected by the various counties of
the state. Juries to try the criminal cases
are selected from the counties in which
the laws are to he administered, and, ot
necessity, the Jurors are taken from the
body of the people of these counties.
Therefore, our experiences have been that
In the administration of the prohibition
laws, where the public sentiment was
largely opposed to the enforcement of
those laws, no convictions could be had,
and lawlessnes ran rampant. The viola
tions of the prohibition laws led to an 311
tire disregard for and violation of other
laws. Officers were elected because they
would not enforce the law, rather than
for the reason that they would enforce the
law. Grand juries might Indict, judges
might charge, preachers might preach,
l»ut the officers failed to get witnesses,
and the petit juries declined to convict,
until in such communities the crimes ran
from the small misdemeanors to the high
est crimes known to the law, and fre
quently the conditions were those of an
archy rather than those of law and order.
Therefore, upon the judgment thus
formed, and upon the principles of de
mocracy, which T have learned from such
men as William L. Yancey, John T. Mor
gan. Edmund W. Pettus and William J.
Sam ford, the last of whom was recog
nized at least as one of the great Christian
governors of this state. T am In favor of
local self government, and prohibition
laws to be applicable to the counties ac
cording to the majority vote of the elec
tors of those counties.
Believes in Temperance
"But, even In those counties where a ma
jority of the voters should declare in favor
of the open saloon it does not mean un
bridled license, and. although the sale of
liquor should be authorized, it should be
by such a fair and Just regulation as will
reduce the evil to a minimum, and to pro
mote morality, temperance and an obe
dience to the law.
“Those who know my past public life will
know' that I am a follower and believer in
temperance; that I am an advoate of law
and order; that I HHieve in upholding and
maintaining the law's of my state, anti
wherever the sale of liquor is authorized,
it must be by proper regulations, and
those regulations must be observed, and
the administration of those laws mU3t be
placed in the hands of sober and moral
n , • • • • • ,
"There Is much said these days abjut
lobbying, and It has been charged that
one exists at your state capital. No In
formation is volunteered, however, as to
its purpose, or as to what it has accom
plished. Bnt, when one of my opponents
declares, as Ills only direct promise to the
people, so far made in this campaign, that
he will remove the railroad lobby from
the state Capitol, he should tell yoti whom
this lobby seeks to influence and what It
has accomplished. Does It not appear to
you us rather a ridiculous proposition that
one should go before the people of the
great state of Alabama, seeking Its high
est office, with only one Issue, and fall to
tell you how this evil complained of had or
was affecting you?
"He should tell you his attitude toward
all lobbies. It Is not sufficient that lie
refer to the record and say In the laws
are written my opinion on this subject.
"In these laws are Indelibly stampe.l
the denial by the state to the unfortunate
children, that protection which is due
them and that which Is twcessary to give
them the mental and physical strength
necessary to meet life's struggles.
"Is it the purpose in crying 'Wolff
Wolf!’ to hide from you the fact that this
great wrong to Alabama's children was
the result of gum shoe' lobbying? Or, is
It to detract from your attention the for
mation of another lobby that intends to
move to the capitol for the purpose of de
feating the demands of the people for a
just and beneficent child labor law?
"When he utters his Macedonian cry
against lobbyists. let him state to the In
telligent people of Alabama whether or
not he includes this record, when he says
his position Is defined In the law.
"Ask him who Investigated the lobbying
against this law, and If the whole pres
tige and influence of the governor's of
fice was not concentrated to defeat this
"It was claimed to he too drasti"
Whose interests were at stake? [ leave it
for you to Investigate the records and
reach your own conclusions."
“His Own” Legislature
"This was through a legislature the then
governor called ‘his own.’ And well
might he designate a legislature as ’his
own’ that could be controlled and rob the
helpless children of this state of that pro
t< (Won which they have a right to de
mand. Don’t you think, fellow citizens, it
time that we were electing a legislature
for the state, ami one that would go
down in history as Alabama’s legislature,
instead of having them branded as any
man’s legislators. They should belong to
the people only.
“You want men who will stand for the
right, regardless of whose interests are ef
fected; men of strength who will deny the
snarling demands of gritting teeth as
bravely and as quickly as they would turn
a deaf ear to the trafficker for office—
good men, true men. who have the Interest
of the slate at heart, and men who will
not put the stamp of approval upon the
profligate appropriation of the people’s
“\N e have legislated to require line build
ings for jails, furnish them with porcelain
tubs and hot and cold baths, and yet we
have denied to the children of Alabama
that protection and care which is neces
sary to secure to them the physical and
mental strength to meet life's struggle.
The Poor Children
“Why? In order that they may be re
quired to assist the heads of their families
In earning the paltry sums which are just
enough to make them ’root pig or die.’ If
the children were protected, the wages of
the men and women employes would «f
necessity be advanced, because their pres
ent pay, after deducting the high rents
taxed upon them by the mill owners,
would hardly be sufficient to keep body
and soul together.
“You are now asked to elect for this
same man another legislature. Are there
any private interests to be taken care, of?
Is it Ids purpose to further Increase taxes
by the ‘thumb screw’ method, and that
when your pittance is returned you must
look upon it as a special favor, as he
claims. ‘This is the hand that feeds you—
do my bidding.’
Setting New Precedents
“When George Washington was round
ing out his second term as President of
the I’nited States, and the time was near
When some one must be elected to that
exalted position, it was suggested to 'him
that lie should continue to serve a grate
ful people and ho was asked to accept a
third term as the chief executive of the
nation. His reply was that it would be
unwise for the American people to extend
this favor to anyone for a greater period
that, two terms. It would tend to usurpa
tion. which is destructive of free govern- ,
“Washington thus established the piece
great political parties of this country,
dent that, has been followed by all the
and it has saved the country from the
dangers of one man rule. It has, by
custom, become well established, both oy
the nation and in the states, that no chief
executive shall have a longer tenure of
office than two terms.
“General Grant, with the great prestige
of having commanded a successful army,
arc! a further prestige of an unpopular
administration of President Arthur, un
dertook to overthrow this well established
precedent, but he was thwarted by the
‘plumed knight’ of the republican party,
James G. Blaine.
“Theodore Roosevelt. the aggressive
fighter, who hesitated at no barriers and
who had an unbroken line of political
successes, thought that he could brush
aside all obstacles and accomplish what
no other man had been able to do in these
i'nited States, but he. too, met his Water
loo at the hands of the schoolmaster,
Wcodrow Wilson.
"Similar efforts have been made in our
own state, but the precedent established
by Washington remains unbroken, both in
the nation and in Alabama.
No Perpetual Governor
“The people of Alabama, recognizing the
wisdom of this unbroken custom, have
safeguarded it in its fundamental law.
“Prior to the constitution of 1901 every
governor was accorded a second term
without opposition in his own party. There
being practically but one party, the elec
tion to the second term was a mere for
mality. Our constitution makers of 1901,
to avoid the useless expense of this formal
election of the state's chief executive
every two years, consolidated the two
terms of two years each into one term of
four years. The members of ttils constitu
tional convention, to emphasize their ad
herents to tlie custom only two terms fo*
the chief executive office of the state, and
that there might be no mistaking their
purpose of intent, inserted j|bc clause that
no governor should be eligible to election
or appointment to any office under the
state or the I'nited States, within one year
after the expiration of his term.
“You can see, my fellow citizens, our
own constitution makers foresaw the dan
gers to the state in having a governo’
reckless with the power of his office in the
creation of and the appointments to many
offices, in profligate appropriations, in in
increase of salaries and special legisla
tion for the benefit of the few.
“But they never dreamed that anyone
would be so bold and so ambitious as tc
dissipate the revenues of the state as haf
been done. Are you going to set a ne^N
precedent now? Form a new habit that
will encourage and embolden the politics
boss to become more reckless in his grasj
for power.
Diaz of Alabama
“Only a few days ago we read of a
speaker In our neighboring town of rnloti
Springs, by a judge of one of our high
courts. In his introductory remarks this
judge stated that be would support fht
speaker for governor because be bad beer
appointed by him to his present position
of judge! What a travesty upon the bal
lot of the free thinking. liberty loving
Alabamian, who has declared that tin
franchise shall rest with the virtuous and
intelligent! Ob! my fellow citizens, ir
the above example lies the danger of Ion?
tenure and succession in an office of great
appointive power.
“Shall we foster and encourage politica
bo&sism and the ruthless dissipation ol
our revenues that have been squeezed
fiom the people by disregarding anc
warnings of our constitution and over
turning the safeguards of our country*
No. a thousand times, no. Det not thf
Diaz of Alabama politics even dream that
he can persuade the honest, brave, liberty
loving people of Alabama to align them
selves with an army whose watchwaul 1<
self preservation, and thereby break duwr
the great principles of government thal
have stood out as a beacon light agalnsi
tyranny and selfishness.
ntmarKs in v uiiuubiuii
"My fellow citizens, these are some of
the things which address themselves to me
as needing the attention of those to Whom
yon shall intrust the affairs of vour gov
ernment. If I were a demagogue, or
sought to appeal to your passions to se
cure your suffrage, l would promise you
complete relief front all the ills in gov
ernment in exchange for my election; that
I would curb the railroads, that I would
reduce the taxes, that I W'ould enforce the
law against crime, that I would do away
with useless offices, that I would Increase
the public school fund, that I would in
crease the appropriations Cor old soldiers,
that I would have none but honest ap
pointees, and that during my term of
office a period of prosperity would ex
tend from one end of this state to the
"I do not make these promises, but 1
do promise you this, that Insofar as God
Almighty has given me the capacity to
see and the pow'er to attuin, 1 will use
n>\ best efforts in the service to which
you will call me, and to foster within
c.ur beloved stale agriculture, mining,
merchandise, manufacture and every legit
imate business for the peace and welfare
of the state that Is dear to you and to
me, and whose future glory Is so en
twined amid the fibers of my heart that
should It he withdrawn It would take away
my whole life's blood.
‘ Economic government, honestly admin
istered. for the good of the whole people,
with malice toward none, special favors
for none, and with a desire to serve all, I
shall go into your service untrammelled
and unbought, unpledged to any private
conclave or any secret' clique, and un
dominated by any corporate interests,
Villi no man's collar, and during tills cam
paign shall bear mvseif as becomes a son
of Alabama."
I ---..
(Continued From Pace SI*
for Chicago, loiter he will visit Detroit
Niagara Falls, New York City and othe
points of interest.
* * ♦
Mrs. Harry Chumley has returned fron
Ingram Wells.
• ♦ *
Dr. Lola Taylor and Mr. J. K. Tayloi
art* visiting their parents at Yadkinvllh
for 10 days.
* * *
Eugene Johnston is the guest of Miss
Margaret Miles in Montgomery.
* ♦ *
Mr. John E. Miles spent a few days it
Birmingham this week the guest of his
daughter, Mrs. Richard Johnston.
* * *
Mrs. Charles Deeper is in Columbiana
the guest of relatives.
* * *
Mr. A. V. Abbott is in New York on a
business trip.
* * •
MY. Norvell (’ul)oni is In the east where
he will spend several weeks at New York
and other cities.
• * •
Mrs. Robley C. Mlinger, who is visiting
her parents in north Alabama, will go
to Courtland for a brief stay before re
turning to Birmingham.
* * *
Miss Mary Augusta Dearborn returned
yesterday from Decatur where she has
been the guest of Miss Skeggs for some
time. Dances and other hospitalities ex
tended in the charming way the Decatur
people have, brightened every day of her
* * •
Mr. and Mrs. Robert E. Weiss and their
daughter. Miss Delorea Weiss, have re
turned from Meridian. Miss., where they
have had a delightful visit with Mr. and
Mrs. O. U David.
Better Not Insist
From the Washington Star.
“Wouldn’t you promise to obey a mar
of whom you thought e/iough to mar
ry ?”
"I might." replied Miss Cayenne. "But
T should undoubtedly have a few things
to say if he wer® ever so impolite as tu
remind me of my promise.”
TO NEW YORK. 5:50 P. U,
News of Ensley
Miss Amelin Guthrie entertained
Wednesday evening with a law A party
I at her home on Ensley avenue in honor
! of Miss Celia Gibbons of Nashville,
| Tenn., the house guest of Mr. and Mrs.
: E. J. Griffith. ;
; Those present were Misses Julia and
Bottle Jones, Edna and Alice Myers,
j Mildred Spinks, Blanche. Keenan. Elia
j abeth White and Celia Gibbons, Messrs.
•Harold Hay, Earl Abele, Carl pelacy,
Joe Spinks and Shelby Tally.
Mrs. K. Greene, who has beeiv* very
ill at the home of her daughter. Mrs.
Nat G Clark, on Ensley Highlands, is
reported to be very much improved.
Mrs. Houston Jones of Pharr, Tex..
Is Visiting her sister. Mrs. Nat G. Clark,
on Ensiey Highlands.
Mr. K. Greene of Shuqualak, Miss., is
here at the bedside of Mrs. Greene, who
has been seriously ill on Ensiey High
Mrs. Roy Carter has returned to her
home in Selma after a visit to the fam
ily of Mrs. W. S. McRee.
Mrs. W. S. McRee returned y.$sterda>
from a visit to relatives in Kentucky.
Wreck of 2000 Years Ago
London. August 9. — (Special.)— How
a shipwreck which is guppdse'd to have
occurred in 86 B. C< was discovered
was the interesting story which Prof.
R. C. Bosanquet related to. tin- mem
bers ot the Society for the Promotion
of Roman Studies.
In 1907 some sponge divers found
an ancient wreck on the sea bottom
at 25 fathoms four miles off the coast
of Tunis, and the diving operation.
were carried on for live years. The snip
had on board a cargo of marble col
umns and works of art. and it U
thought that in all probability the dis
aster was due to faulty loading, as
H5 of ilie columns were placed bej-wct.n
A similar wreck was discovered In
190(1 err the Greek island of Cerigogind
in both instances the bronr.es w« ro
comparatively well preserved, partic
ularly a notable figure of Bros, which
may l»o connected with the school of
* Prozi teles.
In sharp contrast to this is a group
of very realistic statuettes which .Ijient
to represent dancers in an ancient pafe
ehantant. The vessel contained abjnd
, ant remains of bronze furniture, bra
iers. candelabra and the feet and arms
of bronze couches.
RKTl'R* OIT. 4-.1-II,
utiiT \ov. i vn
August Sale Special
Old Hickory Rocker
Not exactly like cut—the Rocker of
fered has curved hack, which makes
it much more comfortable and
graceful. See them in our east
window. They are regularly sold
for $4.00.
Buy on Jacobs’
Club Plan
It is the easy way to buy and the easy way to pay. And the Hub
plan prices are same as cash prices.
I “You Marry the Girl and We’ll Help You'
1911-1913 Third Ave.
Schlitz in Brown Bottles
does not have that
disagreeable taste
so often found in beer in light bottles.
We reprint below an extract from an
opinion rendered by another famous
“Bottles of strong glass should be
selected. They should never be of
colorless glass, inasmuch as through
the influence of light the beer will not
only take on a disagreeable odor and.
taste, but will also become turbid.”
Extract from Die Ma/z. and Bierbereitung. Published by E.
Leyser, Director of the Brewing Academy in Augsburg.
Tenth Edition, Stuttgart, 1900, page 680.
This is one of the authorities quoted by Dr.
Robert Wahl, President of theWahl-Henius
Institute of Fermentology, to corroborate
his own opinion.
Schlitz is made pure and the Brown Bottle
keeps it pure from the brewery to your glass.
L Bl
' ' Telephone, Bell Main 1862 g
Fies Liquor Co. '
17th and Second Ave. L
, Birmingham, Ala. jf
1 famous

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