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The Birmingham age-herald. [volume] (Birmingham, Ala.) 1902-1950, August 16, 1913, Image 3

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Texas Alone Expected to Get
About $800,000,000 for
Crops This Year
Day Is Coming When More Efficient
Distribution Will Bring Far Larg
er Sum to Producers
Than Now
New York, August 15.—(Special.)—A
statement was recently reported to have
been made by a member of Congress that
the farmers of the United States were
despoiled last year of about $(>,000,000,000
through the manipulation of the money
powers; for instead of receiving $13,000,
000.000 for their crops they received only
about $7,000,(W0,000. Several years ago Ben
jamin P. Yoakum is reported to have told
a large gathering of farmers in the south
west that the men who raised food and
clothing products, wool and cotton, in the
United States, did not begin to receive
what they should when they sold these
commodities, but Intimated that the loss
was due to unscientific and expensive
methods of marketing their products.
There was no intimation that the man of
finance of New York, Chicago, Boston,
Philadelphia or St. Uouls or those of New
Orleans or Mobile who aid in financing
the cotton crop had made large profits at
• the expense of the farmers. Mr. Yoakum’s
intimation was clear that middlemen, cer
tain expenses entailed in getting the crops
from the fields to the railroad stations
and various methods involving uneconom
ic al handling of the crops explained why
it was that the producers did not receive
a good deal more than even the enormous
amount of money which their crops really
brought them.
final marketing of American crops of all
kinds *as> represented by about $13,000,000,
00'\ and that the crops as they stood
al'tef harvesting, or at least after they
had been placed in the elevators of ware
houses, were of the money value of some
thing over $9,000,000,000.
Hut apparently the member of Congress
who asserted that the farmers should
have received some $6,000,000,000 more than
they did, based his estimate upon the
ultimate price paid by customers for these
products. The financial machinery that is
inevitable if harvests of the magnitude
of those garnered in the United States are
to reach the ultimate consumer is also
of magnitude, and credit and the lending
of money, which are the facilities needed
for the movement of a $9,000,000,000 crop
from elevators and the warehouses to the
final consumer, are agencies which prop
erly command reasonable returns. Credit
Is not given for nothing and money com
mands the market price.
James J. Hill, B. F. Yoakum and the
late E. H. Harriman have all been quoted
as saying that by and by there will have
been fostered a system simple, economical,
of almost automatic precision, tvhicu will
enable the farmers to get larger returns
from their products because it will free
them from some necessary expenses in
curred in the marketing of their products,
and will enable them to carry their com
modities until good prices can be ob
Howard Elliott’s Opinion
Some of the addresses delivered in the
past three or four years by Howard El- i
liott, when as president of the Northern
Pacific Railroad company, he was study- i
lug the opportunities and the needs of the
northwest, contains many intimations that j
he understands in this day of poor#or
gunlzation how necessarily expensive to ;
ti»c farmers the marketing of their crops
now is. President Elliott is firmly con
vinced that the farmers of this country
will not reap their full reward until they
have mastered the principles of Intensive
farming. c-Hc has deplored some evidences
of waster! ?ss and of uneconomical
methods vdiitii have been characteristic
of some farming communities in the re
mote northwest.
Friends in this city of James J. Hill say
that, he has been for some time of the
opinion that the farmers of the United
States should now. making allowances for
climatic conditions that may be unfavor
ablt be able to raise crops of the money
value of $15,000,000,000 each year. Whether
3\lr. Hill meant that $15,000,000,000 would
l»e the ultimate •payment by consumers
or that the farmers should receive as
much as $15,000,000,000 for their crops he
did not say. But if he meant that $15,000,
000,000 would ultimately pay for a single
American harvest he must have estimated
that the farmers whe uld receive about $12,
00.j,000,000 for their products.
The Agricultural Wealth ot Southwest
It was in Texas that B. F. Yoakum
made the address to tlie farmers in which
he Intimated that they were losing some
portion of the money they should have
rei eived from their crops because there
war so much Intermediate handling of the
eiops and so many Incidental expenses en
tailed in getting tlie crops from tlie fields
or warehouses to tlie elevators. If tlie rest
of the southwest, for which Mr. Yoakum
especially spoke, should tills year do as
well as Texas, agriculture in ttiat section
of tlie country should pay the farmers
bounteously for their industry. Within a
few days correspondence lias been re
coiled in this city from Texas which tends
to show that there is something of a
money stringency and credit stringency at
this time in that state. But the corres
pondence also siiows that this is due al
most wholly to the extraordinary boun
ti oils harvest in Texas. The condition Is
a condition of prosperity. Texas farmers
are seeking credit and funds because their
harvests are so plentiful ns to make It in
e\ itable that demands for financial aid
he made. One of the estimates received in
this city from Texas recently llxes the
gloss value of the harvest of that state
for this year at between $700,000,000 and
|S(10 000,000. Much tlie greater part of this
, normous sum the farmers of Texas will
receive for their crops, and the money
will represent the conversion of new
v'ealth obtained from the soil into cash
or credit. .. ,
Unless there should he some setback
Texas is to produce aproximately 5,000,000
hales of cotton this year. If the event
proves this estimate to be correct, then
the cotton planters of Texas will have
raised approximately 40 ppr cent of the
entire American cotton crop. In lexas,
perhaps partially on account of the seed
sown by Mr. Yoakum and partly the re
sult of experience, there is likely to be
th’« year h demonstration of the ability of
American farmers to work out a plan for
the economic financing of their cot on
crop. The plan represents co-operation be
tween the association of farmers of that
state and the banks, and that it has
proved to be a success is one of the best
demonstrations possible of tlie value of
tiie modern idea of co-operation.
(Cotton King; Corn the Prince
One of the new demonstrations of the
progress of American agriculture which
was made in tlie south, especially in
Texas, is to be discovered in tlie magni
tude of the corn crop. Flimatic condi
tions may before harvesting is completed
impair the corn crop of Texas somewhat,
but very likely there will be grown in
Former Eufaula Mayor Not
a Candidate for Con
Out of 66 Counties in Georgia 55
Pronounce System of Working
Convicts on Roads a
Eufaula, August 15.—(Special.)—Although
opportuned by friends and political sup
porters In this Rnd other counties of the
Third Alabama district, to make the race
for representative to succeed Congressman
Henry D. Clayton of Eufaula, In the event
that the later is seated by the United
States Senate, upon Governor O’Neal's ap
pointment, former Mayor C. S. McDowell,
Jr., states positively that he will not be
a candidate. He says that he prefers to
continue the practice of law In Barbour
From the first mention of his name,
Colonel McDowell has been besieged upon
all sides to iun. A meeting of representa
tive citizens was held this morning at
Clayton, and a petition to Colonel Mc
Dowell to run was presented through
Probate Judge T. D. Grubbs.
Five "first" bales of new cotton ar
rived in Eufaula this morning, Georgia
and Alabama farmers almost breaking the
speed record In getting their cotton to the
warehouse. The first to arrive was that
of A. P. Teal, who sent his by express
from Morris Station, Ga., a few miles
from the city. The first Alabama bale to
be brought in was that of J. W. Hort
man of this city. A premium was col
lected and divided between the five who
sent in the first bales/ The others were
Mayor Mercer of Eufaula and Will Hen
derson and L. Smith of Georgia.
Of G6 counties in Georgia, 55 have re
plied by letters addressed lo them by
Col. Bolert Moulthrop of Eufaula, chair
ban of the executive committee of the
Alabama Convict Improvement associa
tion, asking their opinion cf the present
convict system there. Of the 55 all pro
nounced the system of working them on
the road a success excepting one, Clay
county, which presented an adverse re
Colonel Moulthrop expects to have most
favorable reports from ths remainder of
the Georgia counties, and will use this in
formatiim In the present campaign against
the convict lease system in Alabama.
Miss Robinson Gives Can
ning Demonstration to
St. Clair Canners
Ashville. August 15.—(Special.)—Miss
Birdie I. Robinson is in town, giving a
(Tanning demonstration to the Girls’ Toma
to club here. Miss Georgia Patterson is
the county agent for demonstrating to the
tomato clubs, but she has had much sick
ness in the family for some time, so Miss
Robinson, assisting in the girls’ work at
Auburn, Is here. The demonstration will
be at the school building and a good
crowd is expected.
After this demonstration she will go to
Odenville, then to Coal City on the fol
lowing day and Monday, the 18, she will
be at Cooke Springs. Much interest is be
ing taken in the girls’ work over the
county. A
. „ —
County Farm Demonstrator John Yar
brough has just returned from Auburn,
where he has been attending the summer
lectures at that school and on his return
home h esays that the crops in St. Clair
are very much ahead of the crops below
The first of the good road days Is being
observed over the county, and it is clearly
seen that much enthusiasm is being man
County to Determine Nov. 1
Whether $100,000 Will
Be Spent on Roads
Hamilton, August to—(Special.)—Tile
Marlon county board of commissioners
in session today passed an order call
ing an election for November 1, next to
determine whether the county desires
to issue bonds to the amount of *100,
000 for a period of 00 years for the
building of roads iu the county.
By their action In calling the elec
tion, the commissioners are complying
with the resolutions recently passed In
the mass meeting of the citizens held
in the courthouse on July in, and while
there is some opposition to the bond
question, it is thought that a good ma
jority will he polled for the bonds.
Hoboken, N. J„ August 15.—Highpower
wires that fell when an automobile
crashed into their pole dropped on an auto
mobile and electrocuted J. Parrett, David
•Montagnon of St. Douis and A. T. McGill
son of the late Dr. John D. McGill, a mil
lionaire banker of Jersey City were In
Texas soil as much as 200,000 bushels of
corn. Ill the old days it used to be
claimed that cotton was king, and at the
time of tlie civil war, it was asserted in
the south that corn was king. But now
wniie eoton is still king in Texas, corn
may be reckoned among the princely crops
of that state, and Indian corn, or maize
Is now cultivated with great success and
of line quality in many of the southern
states where formerly cotton was almost
the exclusive product. If one state In the
southwest Is to harvest this year agricul
tural products of the value of *700,000.000
then should other states harvest relatively
large crops, the time may not be bo far
away, as many have thought probable,
when the estimate of Mr. Hill that Un
American farmers should raise crops of
tiie money value of *15,000,000,000 may be
found to be not an exaggerated estimate.
Than at Any Other Time During The Entire Season
The Limit Is Reached in Price Reductions)
So Be Sure to Take Advantage of Our Great
Cool Comfortable Mohair or Palm Beach Suits
For Now, or Suits For Early Fall Wear
All Are Included in This Sale
For $12 and $15
Unbeatable Mohairs in splen
did patterns and you’ll be
surprised at the range of choice in Serges
and Worsteds; all wool Blue Serges; all
wool Worsteds in pencil stripe or plain.
$ .50 for $20 and
— $23 SUITS
Mohairs if you wish, or light weight
Crashes, Serges or Worsteds. Coats
with half lining or full lined with vest if you wish, in
any good color you want. All shades in popular
grays and blues.
In Our Higher Grade Suits Choose \
$25 and $30 $ -J Q.50 Or $35 and $40 ^.50 >
Suits for ... A O Take Suits For. . Jmi

All \ These are Trousers worth $5.00. Many stores would price
Jy AXr .xA^AA J them for $0, and they are in neat, modern, desirable pat
^ / terns; straight or full pegs, plain or cuff bottoms. Just
^ the time a new pair of Trousers will brighten up
'jr ^ &4L Lv / all old suit, you have this low price given you. We are ^
rp 1 especially strong on popular gray pants, in stripes, or if jfft
I A*GAASGA"S I y°u wish you may take other light or dark patterns. To
J fit all size men.
When You Can Buy $2.00
and $2.50 Straws For
What’s the use of wearing an old
straw. Buy one now. Finish the
season with it; put it away and
you’ll have a good hat to start next summer
with. Sennets, Splits and Soft Straws.
$0.99 for choice of all Panamas and
Bangkoks worth $5, $0, $7.50 to
$10. These are all in staple
shapes and will he just as good style next season
as now.
TJ ^ ^ i Q | *_j_Costs no more here than ordinary
tsest diiirts 'Zwvo,f!'ou *tamw u*,,s
Manhattan, Excello, Eagle, Emery & Others
*1.50 Shirts .$1.15
*2.00 Shirts .$1.33
*2.50 and $3.00 Shirts.$1.88
*3.50 Shirts .$2.65
More good patterns and larger
stocks than any other three stocks
combined. No trouble to make se
lection here.
$2.50 Silk Shirts now.$1.45
$2.50 and $3 Silk Shirts.$1.95
$3.50 Manhattan Silk Shirts . .$2.35
$4.00 Manhattan Silk Shirts . ,$2.85
$5.00 Manhattan Silk Shirts . .$3.55
$0.00 Manhattan Silk Shirts . .$4.45
In solid shades or stripes, all coat
styles, made with soft French roll
cu f fs.
All 50c Neckwear
In Knit, Bulgarian, Repps, Rum
chuudas, Persians and any other
fashionable fabrics; flowing ends,
straight French folded Scarfs or
Bat Bows. Look like $1.00 ties you
k get in
'kind, are now 2 for. LdfJVs
All $1.00 Shirts
■: f n
Soft Soisetts, Pongees; with collars to
match, made with French roll cuffs,
solid colors or stripes. Negligees of
woven madras or French percales, in
all the choice patterns. Solid whites
are also shown in this line. The best
Shirts ever sold at $1.00, /?Q _
and now only.
Men’s Cool Underwear
At Underprice in the Great End-of-Season Sale
End-of-Season Sale
50c Elastic Seam Drawers.29c
All 50c Shirts or Drawers .35c
All $1.00 Garments now .69c
All $1.50 Garments now. $1.19
All $2.00 Garments now.$1,39
50c Silk Sox 35c; 3 for.$1.00
25c Lisle Sox 17c; 3 for.50c
25c Auto Garters .17c
50c Belts.39c $1.00 Belts.79c
Buy Now and Save
It Wont Be Long Before Your Boy Will Be Romping to School
But It Will Be a Long Time Before You Can Dress Him as Cheap as Now! 4
i ' w
-—--\ r~---- -.- u
Boys’ Underwear
All 25c garments now .19c
All 50c garments now ..39c
All $1.00 garments now ..79c
Boys’ Shirts
Pongee, Soisette or Madras, soft attached or de
tached collar.
All 50c Shirts now .39c
All 75c Shirts now .59c
All $1.00 Shirts now .79c
Boys’ Night Shirts & Pajamas
All 50c Nightshirts now .39c
All 75c Nightshirts now .59c
$1.00 Nightshirts or Pajamas .79c
$1.25 and $1.50 Shirts or Pajamas. 99c
Boys’ Wash Suits
All $1.25 Suits are now .89c
All $1.50 Suits are now .$1.19
All $2.00 Suits are now .$1.39
All $2.50 Suits are now .$1.89
All $3.00 Suits are now .$2.19.
All $4.00 Suits are now . ..$2.89
All $5.00 Suits are now .$3.79
Boys’ Knicker Pants
All 60c Pants now.39c
All 75c Pants now .59c
All $1.00 Pants now ....79c
All $1.50 Pants now- $1.19
All $2.00 Pants now' .$1.59
All $2.50 Pants now .$1.89
All $3.50 Pants now .$2.89
Norfolks or Double
Breast Suits
Sizes 6 to 18 Years
1 All $2.50 and $3.00 Suits.$1.75
All $3.50 and $4.00 Suits.$2.79 V'
All $5.00 and $6.00 Suits.$3.79 v
All $6.50 and $7.50 Suits .$4.79 'W
All $8.00 and $9.00 Suits .$5.79 \
All $10 and $12 Suits.$6.79
All $13.50 and $15 Suits .$9.79
All $16.50 and $20 Suits.$11.79
In all the good patterns and good col

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