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UTILIZE YOUR SPARE MOMENTS.
■ | OW do you manage to get so • •aiHHBJ much reading done?” I asked j 1 the busy mother of three chil ■ * dren. “You do nearly all your own work and make most of your children’s clothes, yet you keep up with the newspapers and the magazines and read a lot besides. I don't see how you accomplish it” " I use the odds and ends." she said. " I have a book ready to catch up in a spare moment and keep a mark at my place so that I won't have to waste time finding it. I read the paper while I am waiting for the family to come to meals, and I always take a book with me when I have to go down town on the trolley. You have no idea how much you can read in that way, and when you are kept in department stores while your change or your parcel is coming." " You are a marvel to me w’ith the needle work you turn off," 1 said to another friend. " You put Initials on all your napkins and fine tow-’els and hemstitch pillow slips and bureau covers, and embroider doilies and tray cloths, and yet you are constantly at church, society meetings, andi charitable committees, to say nothing of your house keeping and social duties. How do you find time for everything?” 411 do my needlework in spare, moments,” was the reply. ” I always have a piece of pick up work at hand and set a few stitches whenever I have the chance. It is aston ishing how the work grows, too. When I am ready for dinner and my husband 1s a little late, or w'hen I am dressed to go out and have to wait for some one to come for me, or if I have an appointment at home and the caller is tardy about getting here I keep myself patient with my sewing.” Are these women exceptions or not? Are most housekeepers economical or wasteful of the odds and ends of time? * * Manj; Hours Wasted. Until you study the subject you have no Idea how many hours are squandered in the course of the week, the month, the year. You may declare that every moment is filled from the time you get out of your bed in the morning until you slip into it again at night, and perhaps you may be right. But if you are, you are an exception to the gen eral line of women and housekeepers. R Th over the routine of your day for a minute. You probably have not an Instant to spare until after your husband and chil dren are started for business and school. There may be lunches to put up, plan- to discuss, the telephone to answer, orders to give before the house is at last vacated by those who go forth to work. Yet isn’t it pos sible that you are kept sitting at the table by the tardy one and that you grow fidgety over the delay? Have you ever tried if a bit ‘‘pickup work” will not iranquilize your mind by keeping your fingers busy? It may be a scrap of embroidery, it may be a knitted or crocheted wash cloth—the nature of the occupation is of less importance than the fact that it takes your mind off immediate worries, to say nothing of your having something worth while for the time you have spent. r—.-..... Look over the rest of your day. What Cj you put into the. minutes in which you are *' tarrying the leisure ” of the oven or the kettle? How about the quarter hour before the bread is ready to be baked or the half hour you must wait to put the vegeta bles over the fire? What do you do with those? How do you spend the time when you are expecting the children home and feel you cannot settle down to anything steady until they get in? Have you never known mothers who pass the interval going from the window to the door and back again? I have—plenty of them. So if you examine your ordinary day you are likely to find anywhere from ten min utes to an hour that you have nothing to show for. Don’t for a moment imagine that I am taking account of the time you appropriate to rest or recreation. That is well spent. The nap you force yourself to take in the afternoon, the run in the fresh air that brightens yoif as nothing else does— these are not to be cut out or abridged for the sake of anything in the line of work. The wasted time is what we are discuss ing now. * >k “ Suppose I find it, what am I to do with it?” you may ask me. ” I don’t care for needlework. I have so much I can’t escape in the way of plain sewing that anything more of that sort would tire me. Kandom reading doesn’t appeal to me. What sug gestion is there for me for the minutes I might save by your plan?” The answer to that question depends a good deal upon the sort of things that Inter est you, that you like to do, or that you want to do. What is there which appeals to you particularly, which you wish to accomplish but complain that you never have time for? If you could tell me that possibly I could make a few helpful suggestions. A woman whom 1 once knew who was especially fond of rather fifio and fancy cookery and had much to do outside her kitchen used to garrifer her spare momenta and spend them in compounding delicacies for her family and friends. Sht, would make a jar of marmalade or a glass of jelly from the odds and ends of fruit, or lemon honey for cake filling, or white and brown thickening (roux) to have in readiness for soups and gravies, or maltre d’hotel butter for parsley sauce, or mayonnaise dressing that^ she might not need for two or three days to come, or a pastry for tarts or cheese fingers. When she had a little time she flew to her pantry, where there was always something waiting to be done. Does thu attract you? If you are one of those who don’t care for magazines and casual reading why do you not plan for something really worth while In study to put into the minutes you find vacant? I know a hard working man who for years has kept up his French by giving ten minutes a day to it and of a woman who has preserved her facility at the piano by bestowing five minutes on practicing three or four times a day. What is your special interest in literature or art? “Poetry rests me as nothing else does,” said a friend to me not long ago. “ I keep a volume of it within reach and a page of prancing poesy takes me out of my cares. I try to learn at least one verse a day and you would never guess how many beautiful told me. " If I have a little time after breakfast before 1 must go to business I plan to tack the ruthing in the neck of a waist or to darn my best silk stockings or to mend a rip in my glove. I never have thinking how worn out I am. I can’t really rest when I’m doing nothing unless I make a regular business of it.” If you feel personally that absolute idle ness refreshes you. then make a business ten minutes of lying flat on the bed. in complete relaxation, was more beneficial than a whole night of sleep. X suspect that either the doctor or his reporter exag gerated somewhat, but there is no denying Read the Paper While You Are Waiting fpr the Family to Come to Meals. lines 1 have In my head to repeat when I can’t get at a book.” This idea may help you, too. * * Idleness A/aij Refresh. “ I do my bits of unavoidable sewing in my spare moments,” a busy office worker the time to sit down for a morning with my work basket unless it’s on Sunday, so I manage to get a little out of the way before I start in the morning or after I come home for dinner, or even just at bedtime. I don't find that those few stitches tire me any more than sitting with my hands folded # of it. Don’t do it at hazard and put in t the few spare moments in sitting or lying, t thinking of work. Empty your mind of i cares and of thought, so far as you can, < and rest with every bit of you. < Long ago, in my girlhood, a friend quoted i a distinguished doctor as having said that i he value of ten or fifteen minutes of such ntire repose. Of course it is even better C you can go to sleep, but if you cannot o this, lie down in a darkened room, relax very muscle, close your eyes, and imitate he old deacon who said Church always lelped him because it was the only place where he could put hi a feet up “ an’ think of nuthin’.” Tou will be astonished to And how much better and fresher you will feel when you rise. Use your odd minutes In this way Instead of moving restlessly about the room or sitting rocking nervously and wishing you were not so dead tired. " He used to form a pool of silence about himself when conditions were disturbing or annoying,” the widow of a well known author told me. " Once we were In a storm In the Bay of Biscay when the noise of the waves and the creaking of the vessel were most distressing to him, and this was the only way In which he could gain relief.” "A pool of silence.” Doesn’t the sound of the words bring a sense of peace and rest? See If you cannot cultivate the same ability or something like It when yon have a little time that you can utilize for repose. * * Odd Moments Time to Think. Wisdom comes to one In these quiet mo ments. If your fatigue Is physical Instead of mental, you can concentrate your thoughts on the problem which has been awaiting time for solution, on the puzzle you have not had a chanceto consider while your hands and feet were busy. Think) the matter out when you are undisturbed and see If the result youreacb Is not better than what you would have won by an effort to settle conditions in the midst of distrac tions and interruptions. | The point I would especially emphasize Is avoidance of leaving your time and your thoughts at loose ends. What have you new to display to the credit of the odd mo ments? They are practically of no good. Tou don’t work In them; you don’t rest In them. Sometimes they are spent In morbid brooding sometimes they go In kMe wishes that you had time to aooompllktvsomettiinc really valuable. Three quotations always oecmr to mein connection with such precious moments spent at random. A11 are different, but each one applies to some phase ot the situ ation. The Arst Is a passage from the Blblet “ Who hath despised the day of small hinge?” The second Is a rhymed coupiet whose author I do not know: ’* Absence of occupation Is not rest. The mind. that's vacant la a mind op pressed." The third is also in versa: ” Little things On little wings Bear little souls to heaven." We know what system and economy mean when applied to material things in the household. We are told In many a proverb that If we take care of the pennies the pounds will take care of themselves; that willful waste makes woeful want, and we have learned by experience how much we can accomplish by making use of leftovers of food, and clothing, and money. The principle Is no less practical when minutes and hours are Involved. Utilize them as you would concrete possessions and the gain will beas weU worthhaving. MARION HARLAND’-S HELPING HAND. / / F' ■ w ILL you please ask for a sick \ A / chair for a poor negro worn \/\i an? She has been confined ■ I to her home for ten years and the only means she has for reaching any article in her room is by working herself across the floor in a rocking chair. If she had a wheeled chair •he could often get out In the open. She is the last of her line and a remarkable negro. Her home is as clean as a pin and •he takes all care of it herself with the assistance of the rocking chair. 44 MRS. R. c.” So many helpless men and women have been let out of their rooms into the open air by the kindliness and generosity of those who have given wheeled chairs that 1 hope the same good fortune may be ahead of this old negro woman. Only the other day I heard of a young man who lends a wheeled chair in memory of his father. The father used it for some time before his death and since then the son keeps the chair in service constantly. A little engraved plate on it states that it is a memorial and the chair is loaned for any length of time that an invalid needs it. To me this seems a beautiful way of keep ing fresh and sweet the remembrance of a dear one who has passed on and I wish that others would imitate it. * * Exchange Work ior Typewriter. “ 1 have been much interested in the Corner and have found valuable infor mation in it which I appreciate greatly. This is my first request and I hope it may be successful. If any one has a type writer that could be passed on to me I would be moBt grateful. It would be a great help In assisting me to pay for the furniture we have in our little home and for which we are still indebted. 1 do plain embroidery work and would gladly do some of this in exchange for the type writer. Mrs. A. lj.” It Is not often that typewriters are to be given away, but stranger and more difficult things than that have been ac complished through the help of our col umn and I trust this may be another ex ample of what our cornerites do when they set their minds to it. The offer of ex changing work simplifies the business and I look forward confidently to an early re quest for the address of Mrs. A. D. from some one desirous of having embroidery done In exchange for a typewriter. * * Would Decorate His Room. " I am a schoolboy, 14 years old, and l would like a tew pennants to decorate my room with and also a castoff camera that no one else finds delight In. My father Is dead and my mother works and cannot afford to buy me the things mentioned. “ H. L,. S." These requests may, I hope, meet the eye of some one who can supply the pennants and the camera to the boy who yearns for them. Bueh desires bulk large in the mind of a 14 year old lad. * * Fudge with Raisins in It. Borne time ago a Cornerlte asked for a recipe for fudge with raisins in it. I am Inclosing one I hope she may like. I have not tried It myself, but It comes from a trustworthy source and I am sure the di rections will come out right if she follows them carefully. “ SULTANA FUDGE.—Two cups sugar, one-half cup milk, one-quarter cup of mo lasses, one-quarter cup butter, two squares chocolate, one teaspoon vanilla, one-quar ter cup walnut meats cut up, one-quarter cup Sultana raisins. Put butter into a sauce pan; when melted add sugar, milk, and molasses. Heat to boiling point and boil seven minutes. Add chocolate and stir until chocolate is melted; then boil seven minutes longer. Remove from fire, beat until creamy, add nuts, raisins, and vanil la, and pour at once into a buttered tin. “ C. P." Thank you for the recipe. It sounds as though it would make a good product. * * Use for Sour Cream. " During warm weather, when cream turns sour quickly, I send you a good way to put it to use. The following mayonnaise dressing will keep in the icebox until used. It is simple and quickly prepared in a double boiler: ** One cup vinegar, one cup sour cream, three eggs, one teaspoon ground mustard, two teaspoons sugar, salt, pepper, and paprika to taste. Mix all Ingredients to gether and boil, stirring constantly until emooth. Just before removing from the Are add a lump of butter the size of a wral nut. " I send also another recipe for walnut torte: Six eggs, quarter pound shelled walnuts, six lady fingers, two tablespoons flour, one teaspoon baking powder, one cof fee cup sugar, juice and rind of half lemon. Beat yolks of eggs; add sugar gradually. Mix baking powder and flour; grind lady fingers and nuts and put in stiffly beaten whites of eggs last. Bake in moderate oven forty-five to fifty minutes; spread with plain w'hite icing or serve with whipped cream. A Well Wisher." Many thanks for both these recipes. In these days when cream sours suddenly and often unaccountably either because of sul try weather or thunderstorms a good recipe for using it is welcome. * * Tree Cake and Icing. ** Would you please be kind enough to print in your columns a recipe for tree cake and icing, should you be able to secure same? M. S." For this I shall have to appeal to the con stituency. i am sorry to say that I do not know ** tree cake," and my Interest is fired. I have no doubt the recipe for it is in the possession of one or more of our clever housekeepers, and that It will not be long before I receive it. * * Figs in Sirup. " Many thanks for printing my Inquiry concerning figs. My husband has the gov ernment bulletins on nearly all questions regarding fruits and farming. After con sulting neighbors on preserves and Jams— the usual way in* this country—I made a sweet pickle of sugar, cloves, and vinegar, as for peaches, and simply soaked my figs in the sirup. We think them fine, and neighbors to whom I have given some of the figs hold the same opinion and say they had never thought of making use of the figs in that way. 1 send it to ygu b« cause It may be new to othens also. " Mrs. H. W. F.” A large enough number of oufc- constit uency live in a part of the country where figs ripen in the open air to make It pretty sure that this recipe will prove of service to many who have hitherto been at a loss how to make the best use of their fig crop. Si! * IVants Vinegar Recipe. " Will you please give me the necipe for home made vinegar that a Yankee house wife mentioned in the Corner some weeks ago?1' Mrs. E. M." There have been more than on* of such recipes given and I cannot say which It Is you want. Perhaps some of the constitu ency can give the recipe, w hlch appeared, I believe, on June :». * * Recipe for German Winbidel. “ 1 send a recipe for the ‘ German win bidel * which some one asked for recently. I I wish the maker success. Those that I have made have been good: “ One half pint milk, one tablespoon but ter, one-half pint flour, four eggs. Boil milk, butter, and flour together and let cool, then add eggs, one by one, and add lemon flavor. Boil in hot lard and sprinkle with powdered 6Ugar. Mrs. E. B.” Here is an illustration of how our Cor nerites respond to a request for recipes for almost any dish under heaven. I shall try the “ winbidel ” myself. * * Celling Into Musical Work. “ My husband is a fine Hungarian violin ist, although not well known in this city, and I am a singer and in need of lessons, but in my present position (I am a stenog rapher) I cannot afford to take any more. At present my husband has no violin, but if he could get something to do in the way of playing he could borrow one for the oc casion. He had a fine instrument two years ago. but we were In such straitened circumstances that he was forced to sell it. He is working at photo engraving now. We are young—he is 27 and I am 20. We lost our 2 months old little boy last Novem ber and since then we have both been work ing in business, but we are anxious to get back at musical work again. Can you make any suggestions which would help us? Mas. J.J. w." As I have often said before I always think of Chicago as a big generous city where art in any form—painting, sculpture, music—is recognized and welcomed. It Is hard for me to believe that if this young violinist possesses genuine ability he should not get in touch with some one who can advise him how to reenter musical work. I print his wife's appeal here in the ex pectation that it will call forth from some one a request for his name and advice as to the best course to follow for returning to his art. I am not able to find work for FAMILY MEALS FOR A WEEK. SUNDAY. BREAKFAST. Peaches. Cereal and cream. Broiled kidneys. Popovers. Coffee. LUNCHEON. Cold roast beef, siloed thin. Tomato and lettuce salad. Saratoga chips. Cream cheese. Toasted crackers. Iced chocolate. DINNER Cream of lettuce soup. Roast veal. Tomato sauce. String beans. Bajted squash. Peach Ice cream. Coffee. « « MONDAY. BREAKFAST. Melons. • Cereal and cream. Bacon. Dropped eggs. Toast. Coffee. LUNCHEON. Mince of beef warmed up In tomato sauce (twa • left overs). Salad of string beans (a left over). Fried bread. Cookies. Tea. DINNER. Squash uoup (a left over). Cold veal garnished with cucumbers and raw tomatoes. Baked egg plant. Green peas. Fresh fruit. Coffee. ♦ H« TUESDAY. BREAKFAST. Oranges. Cereal and cream. Fried calf's brains. Corn muffins. Toast. Coffee. LUNCHEON. Baked bread and cheese. Egg salad. Scalloped egg plant (a left over). Glngersnaps. Lemonade. DINNER. Clear soup. Fricasseed chicken. Spinach. Lima beans. Sliced pears with cream. Coffee. ♦ * WEDNESDAY. BREAKFAST. Melons. Cereal and cream. Bacon and fried green pepper a Toast. Coffee. LUNCHEON. Minced veal (a left overt* Beet salad. Baked potatoes. Crackers and cheese. Jam. Iced tea. DINNER. Cream of spinach soup fa left over). Baked and larded liver. Stuffed tomatoes. Young turnips. Steamed raisin puffs. Coffee. * * THURSDAY. BREAKFAST. Berries. Cereal and cream. Bacon. Soft boiled eggs. Graham gems. Coffee. LUNCHEON. Cold liver, sliced fa left ovsr). Creamed potatoes. Radishes. Quick « Peach shortcake. Iced tea. DINNER. Cream of turnip soup (a left over). Chicken padding (a left over). Vegetable marrow. Lima beam. Berry pie. Coffee. * * FRIDAY. BREAKFAST. Melons. Cereal and cream. Fried panflsh. Rolls. Coffee. LUNCHEON. Creamed crab flakes. Potatoes au gratln. Quick biecult. Buttermilk cake. Tea. DINNER. Tomato bisque. Soft ehell crabs. French fried potatoes. Cucumbers, sliced. Peach tart. Coffee. ♦ * SATURDAY. BREAKFAST. Melons. Cereal and cream. Bacon. Poached eggs. Toast. Coif ef. LUNCHEON. Tomatoes, stuffed with mince of chicken (left over). Baked potatoes. Drop biscuit. Cookies. Tea. DINNER. Vegetable soup. Broiled steak. Baked onions. Whipped potatoes, browned. Blueberry pudding. Coffee. applicants, but there Is no embargo upon my printing a request for counsel—and this Is what I do today. As for the violin I hope that that, too, may be forthcoming. * * Taste Like Real Olives. “ I see that Mrs. E. S. wants directions for preparing green plums to take the place of olives. Here Is an excellent recipe—one that took a prize. The plums prepared by it taste just like real olives: "Two quarts of green plums, one and one-half tablespoons mustard, two and one half tablespoons o^ salt, two quarts of vinegar. Place plums In stone jar with mustard seed. Turn vinegar In kettle and bring to a boll, then pour over plums boil ing hot. Cover closely. Next day drain off the vinegar, bring again to a boll, pour over plums. When cold put them in olive bottles. "Now I come with a request. Can you tell me how to get rid of moths? Our house seems to be full of them; not only the clothes closets, but the pantry and other rooms. They Just flutter all over the place and get into everything in spite of all I can do. 1 nope you can suggest some good remedy. Mrs. C. J. B." The directions for converting green plums Into “olives" may come a little lata to be of service this year, but it Is of su. cient value to be saved for next season. As to the moths, my suggestion is some what drastic In nature. If the moths are In full possession, the best plan is to get at them vigorously and try to stamp them out, so that they will not be a plague again next year. Your rugs should come up and be vigorously t eaten and then hung in the sun. The floors should be scrubbed and in sect powder put Into all the cracks. The shelves of the closets—Indeed, the entire Inside—should be scrubbed with hot water and household ammonia, and when this 13 dry Insect powder should be blown into the cracks. Bureau drawers should receive the same treatment, and all clothes should be carried out and beaten well. I have known a house to become Infested by moths from an old fur muff having been over looked and left In a box tucked away in ‘ he corner of a closet. The moths used It for a breeding ground, and from this spot pec ulated the house. If they seem to be under the carpets, lay a damp cloth over these at the e^Jge and press with a hot iron. The addition of turpentine to the water em ployed In scouring the floors and shelves la said to be potent In driving away the moth as well as In destroying life In the eggs. You have a tiresome and taxing work ahead of you to get rid of these pests, but It can be done. * * Vermin on Children's Heads. " Can some of your readers give me a recipe or remedy of some kind for vermin In children's heads? What will destroy them? I am willing to help some one else In need. W. A. V.” I myself know of but one remedy, but this Is efficacious If persisted In. Get tinc ture of larkspur from the druggist and wash the child's head and hair with this. Go over it then with a fine toothed comb, taking a little of the hair at a time and cleansing the comb frequently. Have- a basin of hot water beside you and rinse off In this all the combings which come from the head. This process must be re peated day after day until the child's head Is perfectly clean. Keep a close watch, on the head for any return of the trouble and resort to the larkspur again at the lirst suspicion of It. Your druggist will tell you the proportion In which to add the tincture to the water In which you wash the child's head. Aa I say, It is an unfail ing remedy, but It must be applied con scientiously and long sometimes before the cure Is reached. * * m Unsweetened Crape Wine. “ W ill you kindly send me through your colume or by mall the recipe for making blue grape nine, sweetened or unsweet ened. I would prefer to make the un sweetened, as I do not think it would spoil as easily as the sweetened. I would also like to know the amount of grapes re quired to make one gallon of wine. J. D." I have already stated the impossibility of sending recipes by mall. You will see this In full time to take advantage of the grape harvest. To deal with your last question first. It Is difficult to state how many grapes would be required to make a gallon of wine, because so much depends upon the grapes. Some of those possessing the best flavor are rather small with thick skins; others are Juicy and thin skinned. In a rainy sea son the grapes are more Juicy than after a dry summer. UNSWEETENED GRAPE WINE.—Into a clean open cask put your grapes, steams and all, and mash them, then cover them with cheesecloth t,o protect them care fully, Any foreign substanoe may af fect them and turn them Into vinegar. Let them stand through the fermentation stage and when this Is past put them through a fruit press, extracting all the Juice. Have . ready a clean closed cask, strain the juice Into this, and let the cask He on Its side ) in a cool place, a cellar by preference, for a month. If the cask Is disturbed' or shaken the wine will not be clear. At the end of the month draw oft the wine carefully, put It Into bottles, and after corking and sealing these, lay them In a dark cool place on their aldea Dur ing the time the grapes are fermenting they should be stirred up every day from the bottom. * * Rose Leaves for a Jar. " Please tell me how to prepare rose leaves for a rose Jar. I have the leaves already dried and need the formula for ad ditional ingredients. R. p» The petals should have been packed down In salt when first gathered and I cannot Insure success with your dried rose leaves The formula for additional Ingredients Is as follows: One ounce orris root, half ounce each violet, rose, and heliotrope powder; half teaspoon each mace and cloves, quarter teaspoon clnnampn, twenty drops each oil melissne and oil eucalyptus ten drops each bergamot and oil chlris' four drops oil roses, two drams alcohol When thoroughly mixed with the rose leaves set away to ripen for a fortnight * before putting Into rose Jars. Keen w * ered closely. *