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The Birmingham age-herald. [volume] (Birmingham, Ala.) 1902-1950, September 05, 1913, Image 3

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• MAI. BOND’S DREAM
. OF CANAL SYSTEM
MAY YETraME TRUE
Start Is Being Made Which
Will Develop Into Ex
, tensive Projects
LOWER MICHIGAN
» ONE OF HIS HOBBIES
Ik -
Comparatively Little Work Is Neces
sary to Complete the Inter
coastal Project Along; the
^ Atlantic Seaboard
By HOLLAND
y New York, September 4.—(Special.)—The
late Maj. Frank S. Bond lived long enough
to know that a plan which he for years
warmly advocated—the purchase by the
> federal government of the Albermarle and
Chesapeake canal, which connects Nor
folk with the sounds of North Carolina
and which, when improved, will give a
perfectly safe inside group beyond Cape
Hatteras—became an accomplished fact.
The enthusiasm with which Major Bond
\ often spoke of canal construction in the
United States, especially east of the Mis
sissippi river, caused some of his friends
> to be astonished. They looked upon him
as one of the highly successful railroad
managers. Ail his life, excepting when
■he wa.s in service In the civil war, he
was identified with very successful rail
road management. His career covered
much of the country east of the Missis
sippi and some sections west, for he was
at one time president of the Texas and
Pacific Railroad company. He was prom
inently identified with the Reading rail
road. and was one of the strongest intel
lectual forces associated with the Chicago,
Milwaukee and St. Paul railroad.
^ It was this varied and always highly
“ successful career as a railroad manager
which caused his friends often to wonder
^ why he should speak with such enthus
iasm of canal development in the United
states.
In a conversation with the present
f writer a few years before his death, Major
Bond outlined his view of what the
American canal system on broad, compre
hensive lines should be. He spoke par
, ticularly of the inevitable construction of
a canal across Cape Cod, of the necessary
enlargement of the existing canal across
New' Jersey or the building of another
which would be a true ship canal, of an
improvement of the < anal across the Dela
ware peninsula, which would make it nav
igable for the largest vessels engaged In
p coastwise trade, and particularly of the
improvement of the ditch dug across Dis
mal swamp, already navigable for small
> craft, whereby it would be possible to
avoid Cape Hatteras and secure a safe
and shortened passage between the sounds
* of North Carolina and Boston by way of
Baltimore. Philadelphia and New York.
The Great Canal
Major Bord then said that if the gov
ernment were to be called upon to con
struct an intercoastal canal system, even
though it did that in co-operation with
the states which would be especially ben
efttted by such canal construction, the
people would rightfully Insist that the
government share in certain interior canal
development which he regarded as of the
highest importance for the commercial
0^ development of the country. Major Bond
^ confessed that he had in mind the con
struction of a ship canal across the lower
} peninsula of Michigan which would con
nect 1-dike Michigan with Rake Erie and
make thereby the long passage north
end sc-uth by way of the Straits of Mack
inaw’ through the whole length of Rake
' Huron and also Rake Michigan unneces
sary.
Supplementing the Railroads
Major Bbnd said that as he was al
k ready advanced in years, he could not
* reasonably expect to live long enough to
see the government in co-operation with
some of the states undertake the con
struction of a ship canal across lower
Michigan. But he regarded its construc
tion as inevitable in a future not distant,
and he declared that, instead of impair
ing the earning capacity of railroads,
canal facilities, when properly handled,
ought always to supplement the railroad
and the railroad to supplement the canal.
He meant by t»»at cnat the waterways and
the railroads would each create traffic to
mutual advantage, and there is distinct
recollection of the earnestness with which
Major Bond said, “I speak as a railway
REV. CLAY I. HUDSON
COMINGTO ATHENS
Nashville Minister Accepts
Call to First Baptist
Church
Athens, September 4.—(Special.)
The Rev. Clay I. Hudson of Nashville
has been tendered a call to the pas
torate of the Baptist church in Athens
and has signified his acceptance and
will begin his pastorate October 1 when
the temporary pastor, the Rev. J. O.
Williams, will return to his studies at
Louisville.
The schools are all running here now
with the exception of Athens college,
which opens in two weeks. There are
now about 800 or 900 children in the
various schools.
The twenty-third annual session of
the Limestone County Sunday School
association will hold its meeting at the
Presbyterian church in Athens on Sep
tember 16 and 17. A fine programme
has been arranged and a number of
leading Sunday school workers are ex
pected.
The first bale of the 1913 crop in this
county was marketed by Dr. Isom
Legg. It was sold here at 12% cents
per pound. The outlook for the cotton
crop in this county has been seriously
Injured within the past two weeks.
man when 1 advocate greatly enlarged
canal facilities in the United States, al
though I also speak as a citizen who
has in view, perhaps faintly or vaguely,
the stupendous industrial and commercial
growth of the United States within the
next CO years.”
The Dismal Swamp Canal
Just 30 years ago private capital com
pleted some improvements of the little
ditch which was dug through the Dismal
swamp of eastern Virginia originally for
the purpose of ^draining those swamp
lands. While the first work was in prog
ress the engineer reported that with a
comparatively small expenditure the
drainage ditch could be so enlarged and.
deepened and the work so extended as to
furnish navigable water for small craft
plying between Hampton Roads and
Newport News, then just beginning its
prosperous career, and Beaufort, N. C.,
as well as other ports upon the North
Carolina sound.
That W'ork was undertaken with private
capital. Citizens of Norfolk were inter
ested, both us citizens and Investors, in
this project. It was possible as long ago
as 18N4 to sail through the Dismal swamp
canal, and with small steam vessels, the
smaller kind of tugs, the trip could easily
be made. Capital was encouraged to in
vest in the exploitation of the magnifi
< ent cypress trees of the swamp and the
drainage proposition promised to reclaim
many thousand acres of wonderfully rich
soil.
The name of this canal was changed so
that no longer was it called the Dismal
Swamp canal, out under the Albemarle
and Chesapeake canal, and if Congress
approves the recommendation of the board
of a-my engineers of which Brigadier
General Bixby, chief of the engineers of
the army, is the head, the Albemarle and
Chesapeake canal will be so improved
as to make it a perfectly systematic and
competent link in the intercoastal canal
system which Congress at this session, or
the next, will be asked to authorize, and
also asked to appropriate as much as
£"00,000 for beginning the work.
Major Bond was convinced that as soon
as the government perfected a great in
tercoastal system stretching from Boston
to Beaufort, N. C., and ultimately to the
Savannah river, there will be insistent
demand of the people in other parts of
the country for government aid in can
alizing work which, in Major Bond’s opin
ion, is vital if the commerce and indus
try of the United States are to be perfect
ly developed. He looked for as good a
canal across Illinois as the Erie canal is
to be whfcn improved, apd he declared that
the people of the upper Mississippi valley
were wholly justified in appealing to the
government for aid in canalizing, so to
speak, the upper reaches of the Missis
sippi river so that a permanent canal of
at least 12 feed depth can be obtained
from St. Paul south.
With the construction of the Panama
canal it seemed to Major Bond inevitable
that the commerce of the Mississippi river
and its tributaries would be greatly in
creased. Jf it were competent for the
government to bulla, at an expense of,
say, $300,000,000, an artificial waterway*
across the isthmus of Panama, *lie reas
oned that it was perfectly competent in
both the legal and the economical sense,
for the government to aid the states along
the Mississippi valley from New Orleans
to St. Paul in engineering work which
would be practically that of canalizing the
river along its whole length.
The Best Food-Drink Lunch at Fountains
b

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t ORIGINAL IJAQI |A|/f^
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Rich milk, malted grain, in powder form.
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Pure nutrition,upbuilding the whole body.
Invigorates nursing mothers and the aged.
>
More healthful than tea or coffee.
Agrees with the weakest digestion.
Keep it on your sideboard at home.
A quick lunch prepared in a minute.
Travel the Best Way
TO THE
NORTH-SOUTH-EAST-WEST
Fast trains operated on convenient schedules with elec
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J.H. SETTLE. DisL Pus. Aft. LAN. R.R. 1
BIRMINGHAM, ALA. k I
EIGHT GOVERNORS OF ALABAMA
1874—1901
No. 56—The Order Patrons of Husbandry
Edward A. O’Neal, Governor
Appomattox found the northern people
universally prosperous, agriculture never
so productive of cash ' returns, manufac
tories running under full pressure, com
merce crowded with demands, bank vaults
Idled to overflow with money seeking bor
rowers.
The states that had comprised the con
federacy were ruled out of the govern
ment, absolutely, for more than three
years after Appomattox except the quasi
representation permitted to Louisiana
and Tennessee, and were practically ta
booed in the government for several years
longer.
Within the era of northern sectional
usurpation, what is known as •‘commer
cialism” gained control of the state gov
ernment of the north as well as the gov
ernment at Washington. Not only so,
but this new influence ingratiated itself
into general conditions of society, where
by wealth accumulated rapidly in corpora
tion form as a necessary result, and a
vast class of breadwinners, out of work,
sprung up, never before known in Amer
ica.
The Order of Patrons of Husbandry
was an organized protest against the
oligarchical presence of commercialism in
political affairs. In order to form a just
conception ol’ the desperate expedients of
this bastard political force, let us recur
to the skill with which it fixed its ten
tacles upon the federal constitution itself
at the outset.
The first session of Congress after Ap
pomattox prepared and submitted to all
the states, the ‘‘states lately in rebellion"
not excluded, the fourteenth article of
amendment. The fourth section of that
article establishes a theory of federal
government new in the American system.
Up to that time it had been the ambition
of tile federal government to pay off its
debts as speedily as possible. When Mr.
Lincoln entered the presidency, March
■1, 1801. he found an empty public purse
and no debt, practically. The debt of
the revolution had been paid, the debt
of “the second war for independence,"
1812, bad been paid, the debt of the
war for the annexation of Texas and for
the acquisition of a vast area of Mexi
can soil had been paid.
The fourth section of the fourteenth
article provides: “The validity of the debt
of the United States authorized by law,
including the debts incurred for payment
of pensions (sic) and bounties for service ,
(sic) shall not be questioned” (sic).
The Intent of tfie proviso was to arrest
a movement, led by President Johnson, to 1
scale the funded national debt and then
to pay it. A large part of the face value
of the government bonds had been bought
from the government at 40 cents on the
$100. The proviso forbids the debt to he
“questioned.” A motion to scale would
question the debt. Claims to pensions and
claims for bounties had been bought by
speculators at sacrifice and the markets
were stocked with fraudulent claims for
pensions and bounties. It was to be
expected southern men in Congress would
question the national debt on which their
constituency were overtaxed to pay the
interest.
The intent of the proviso was to prepare
the public mind for the perpetuation of
the public debt as against the ancient
democratic practice of paying it off. The
effect of the proviso was to concentrate
ownership of the debt in the hands of a
lew individuals. The special privilege
conferred by Congress upon the few own
ers of tile debt was to set up national
banks of issue upon the foundation of
government bonds.
In practice the operation may be ex
plained thus: Richard Roe and John Ido©
comprise the Fir st N&tiOhat bank, a't*of
po rat ion of Billville. They jointly pay
$40,000 to the government for $100,000 of 5
per cent non-taxable 20-year bonds.
Under the national banking law, already ,
in existence when the fourth section is
prepared, the corporators of dhe Firstl
National bank of Billville delfosit their
purchase of $100,U00 bonds with the treas
urer at Washington, front whom they
had just received them. They receive a
charter. The hank Issues as fast as the
press van throw off the hills, $90,000 in
currency. The expense is In the press
work and the paper. In the twinkling of
all eye, as you may say, the $40,000 orig
inal cash outlay becomes $100,000 gov
ernment bonds, drawing, say, 6 per vent
interest to the credit of tile First Na
tional bank of Billville, plus $90,000 cur
rency issued by the bank on the basis of
the interest hearing deposit of bonds. The
$90,000 currency under the banking law is
at par with gold, circulates in every nook
and ffbrner of the union and endures just
as long as the deposit of bonds is left,
in I lie treasure.
To state it differently, indirectly under
the protection of the fourth section, an
original investment of $40 swelled by
quick, secure and easy way to $190.
The aggregate interest bearing debt in
coin at the time of the adoption of the
fourteenth article was the almost incon
ceivable sum of $1,207,972,750.
This monster sum, payable in gold or
silver or both, bearing interest, was the
hanking right of the country, and upon
it commercialism took its stand to direct
the government.
Not only was the funded debt sought
to be fostered and protected by the gov
ernment, but the paper currency of the
government, the greenback money that
could be used by the masses to cheapen
the value of that debt, was put in the
furnace, in the treasury, prepared for the
purpose, and there burned to ashes to
the amount of hundreds of millions of dol
lars.
In the national campaign of 1876, the
Patrons of Husbandry as an order sym
pathized with the national greenback
party. A* convention of this party was
held at Indianapolis on May 17 of that
year. A platform was adopted incor
porating. the theory of Thomas Jefferson
that "hank paper must be suppressed
and the circulation restored to the nation,
to whom it belongs." The system of
currency recommended was briefly stated,
the government should issue greenbacks
to the exclusion of all corporaiton or
bank currency; that the greenbacks
j 3hould be legal tender. In order to pre
j vent the evil effects of an accidental re
. dundancy of government currency, the
; bills should be convertible into “govern
i ment obligations,” bearing interest at 1
1 cent a day on the $100. These "govern
ment obligations must be redeemable in
greenbacks at par.
The convention nominated the vener
able Peter Cooper of New York city for
President.
This party met again in quadrennial
convention June 9, 1880, at Chicago. The
resolution or platform then adopted de
clared: ‘‘Corporate control of the vol
ume of money has been the means of
dividing society into classes,” and reiter
ated the earlier contention for sole gov
ernment currency, all legal tender. Gen.
J. B. Weaver, a member of Congress
from Iowa, was nominated for Presi
dent.
At the general national election of 1876,
Peter Cooper, greenback candidate for
President, received 86,737 votes at the
polls, but In the election of 1880 General
Weaver increased this vote to 308,578.
Neither Cooper or Weaver received an
electoral vote.
The order of Patrons of Husbandry
was the title of teh national organiza
tion. Kaeh state division was knojvn as
' State grange.”
The object arrived at was to elevate
the agricultural pursuit to the plane of
intellectuality from the lower realization
of routine physical labor; to protect the
oroducer of crops against commercialism
vvherever found.
The Alabama grange was organized in
872, in the very heat of the period of
military reconstruction. It was in that
year that President Grant disaolved the
legislature and ordered the seating of one
not elected. It was in that year Spen
cer had himself “elected” by the “court
room legislature,” that had never a
quorum. j
The plan of the state grange consist d
in county and neighborhood subordi
nates. All the organizations, neighbor- i
hood, county, state and national admitted j
women to lull membership. In six or j
eight years the subordinate granges ot |
this state averaged some 15 to the conn- I
ty, or something more than 900 all told. |
The social feature became necessarih j
prominent—the most prominent. The re
unions were monthly and at them prac
tically the entire population of the vicin
age assembled in pleasing intercourse. In
various places there were grange halls |
kept to accommodate these meetings.
The local or subordinate granges in this !
state exercised a strong influence upon
the circulation of weekly and monthly
newspapers, especially those of the agri
cultural class. Subordinate granges also
In several instances established primary
schools, notably one at Trinity, Morgan
county, and at Mount Willing, Lownd?H
county. Under the patronage of tli •
grange, state fairs were successfully held
at Selma and at Montgomery. Under the |
Influence of the grange men were sent 1
to the legislature. .
The Alabama grange was controlled by
citizens of the fl’’st standing. W. 11.
Chambers of Russell, Gen. E. M. Law of
Lee, Col. Hiram Hawkins and J. W. Co
mer of Barbour, Gen. Charles A. Poll
nitz of Marengo, P. B. Mastin, Bolling
Young and Jefferson Falkner of Mont
gomery, J. W Phares of Sumter, S. X.
Scott' of Russell, J. F. Burns of Dalian.
James Parson of Jefferson. One of the
best lecturers of the state. Gen.. Georg o
D. Johnston, was appointed to canvass
tlie state, organizing subordinate grange's
and instructing the public In the princi
ples of the order.
In the 1870’s the caterpillar annuallv
infested the cotton fields with destructive
results. The state grange in council in
1874 petitioned the legislature to enact
laws protective of insectiverous birds;
laws allowdng the posting of fields as suf
ficient notice against the intrusion of
hunters, many of whom were negro
youths; laws restricting the sale of
liquor by druggists; good dog laws, that
would tenable owners of large unculti
vated areas to raise cattle and sheep:
laws that would protect fields of cotton
from marauders who at night picked
sacks full to deliver to "dead falls" along
the public roads, called "stores;" a law
appropriating money for, a geological sur
vey of the mineral belt. This last de
mand was in the interest of creating a
taxpayer of that belt. '
Senator Morgan, ever quick to respond
to the call of the country folk for gov
ernment relief, now prevailed on the gov
ernment to send an expert to Alabama
to study the cotton caterpillar. The rep
resentative of the government chose the
vicinity of Faunsdale, Marengo county,
as his field and from the hospitable i
"Faunsdale’’ plantation pursued his
studies for weeks in mid summer.
The secret feature of the order con
fused many minds. The "know-nothings"
and their oath bound, midnight fantastic i
performances had not been far enough
gone to be forgotten. The ever pending
menace to white supremacy in govern
ment, that appeared with every organi
zation that threatened to divide the demo
cratic and conservative party, seemed
present with this organisation.
The national order commanded great re
spect from political leaders and business
houses. Masters of state granges and
executive committees were appointed lo
manage co-operative exchanges in all the
principal cities. Warehouses under
grange control were opened. There was
one or more "Grangers’ Life and Health
Insurance company."
The co-operative plan of doing business
proved difficult. The object was to break
down the monopoly, but in effect that
plan seemed to check competition and
sub-division of labor
The National grange in 1876 suggest >d
the present department of agriculture as
a cabinet feature. The influence of the
order succeeded and the department was
created several years later. The largest
cities vied with each other for the an
nual National grange council, as tlu*y
have ever done for national party con
ventions.
JOHN WITHERSPOON DUBOSE.
THIEVES FIRE AT
, V . .. ....
Flush Two Footpads in Act
of Robbing Victim in
Alleyway
I
Huntsville, September 4.—(Special.)—Of- ;
fleers Tom Short and Will Scroggins of
the night police flushed two footpads last
night while they were in the act of rob
bing Tom Towler in an alley in the
western part of the city. The thieves fired
five shots at the officers and escaped in .
spite of the six shots that the officers
fired at them.
The machinery of Bell factory, the old
est cotton mill in Alabama, which has
been standing idle about 30 years, has
been sold to a Nashville junk dealer and
is being taken away to be used as scrap
iron. Bell factory was established on the
banks of Flint river in ante-bellum times, ,
and for many years was a prosperous in
stitution. It was driven by water power
and owned ,by local capital, and was
Closed down when its machinery began to
run out of date.
• _ _
C, A. Dunlap, drummer for a Boston
shoe house, wras assaulted on the street
last night#by Will Turner, a salesman,
Xftko thought that Turner had sent his 14
year-old daughter a note while she was
seated in the audience at a picture show.
Dunlap proved an alibi, although he had
been pointed out as the man who wrote
the note. The case appeared in police
court this morning, and all parties were
discharged, the principals having shaken
j hands.
REAL MOLLY PITCHER
Writer Adduces Evidence That Hero
ine of Monmouth Was No Myth
Your Molly coddlers are a lot of sol
emn-people. It’s a katydid controversy
they wage. The disputatious brothers Pro
and Con never engaged in a more arid,
sterile discussion than this. They argue
Molly Pitcher to tatters in the, lowlands
of history, when she belongs of heroic
right on the cloud tipped peaks of exalted
legend. History is homely; legend Is the
lovely maid of heaven, says the New
York Sun. >
Hear the legend as set down in letters
all of gold in the “Historical Collections
of the State of New Jersey; contaning a
general collection of the most interesting
facts, traditions, biographical sketches,
anecdotes, etc., relating to the history and
antiquities, with geographical descriptions
of every township in the state. Illustrat
ed by 120 engravings. By John W. Bar
ber, author of Connecticut and Massachu
setts Collections, etc. (Arms of the state
of New .Jersey.) New York: Published
for the authors, by S. Tuttle. 194 Chatham
Square. 1844.’’ A book with a title page
like that is a book by, of, and for the lie
roes. At page 342: ^
The story of a woman who rendered es
sential service to the Americans in the
battle (of Monmouth) is founded on fact.
She was a female of masculine mold,
and dressed in a mongrel suit, with the
petticoats of her own sex and an artillery*
, /
Today and Tomorrow
Last Two Days of the Sale
Mens Suits in Final Clearance: S 1 1
Any Suit up to $18.00 T JL
Any Suit up to
$28.00 jL O
Any Suit up to SCI Q
t$35.00
Pair for Boy den’s
Fine Oxfords
Were $6.00, $6.50 and $7.00
Perfect examples of shoemaking—the most finished pro
duct in Men’s Oxfords. Choice S5.00.
Saturday night ends the sale.
1922-24
First Avenue
In the Heart of Birmingham
man’s coat, codketl hat and feathers. The
anecdote usually related is as follows:
Before the armies engaged in general ac
tion two of the advanced batteries com
menced a severe tire against each other.
As the heat was excessive Molly, who
was the wife of a cannonier, constantly
ran to bring her husband water from a
neighboring spring. While passing to his
post she saw him fall, and on hastening
to his assistance found him dead. At the
same moment she heard a officer order
the cannon to be removed from its place,
complaining he could not till his post with
as brave a man as had been killed. “No,”
said the intrepid Molly, fixing her eyes
upon the officer, “the cannon shall not be
removed for the want of some one to
serve it; since my brave husband is no
more, I will use my utmost exertions to
avenge his death." The activity ami
courage with which she performed the
officer of cannonier during the action at
tracted the attention of all who witnessed
it, and finally of Washington himself, who
afterward gave her the rank of lieuten
ant and granted her half pay during life.
She wore an epaulet and was called ever
after Captain Molly.
You cannot add to that, and what van
dal would detract from Its charming com
pleteness? Why translate "use my utmost
exertions to avenge his death" Into "do
my rumdest. to got even with the red
coated whatytoumaycnllems?" Clad In an
epaulet, Captain Molly must have heen a
veritable vaEkyr, a berser'k goddess of
war.
Here let Captain Molly rest in peace.
Respect her reputation. Her fame 13
imperishable. Let no hot. re-king breath
of scandajmongerlng curiosity spread Its
foul film of suspicion over the mirror that
Howe nnd Barber hold beflnre us.
I Another Brewer I
I afraid of light I
Minneapolis Brewing Co.
tacitly admits on its case
cover reproduced above—that
light affects the quality of
beer—that the light Bottle is
insufficient protection.
It is not enough to make pure
beer—it must be protected
from the light.
Schlitz in Brown Bottles is
pure and wholesome from the
brewery to your glass.
See that crown or cork
is branded “Sch/itz
Telephone, Bell Main 186a
Pies Liquor Co.
17th and Second Ave.
Birmingham, Ala.
?er
I That Made Milwaukee famous.

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