Newspaper Page Text
WITH THE MEETING
HELD LAST NIGHT Harding Advocates Estab lishment of Land Credit Bank and Asks for Con stitutional Reform I — N. R. BAKER EXPLAINS ILLITERACY FIGURES OF THE SAGE REPORT Sidney Story in Forceful Speech Em phasizes Need of Merchant Marine and Charges England Is At tempting to Discredit F. S. fn Latin America After h three days session, in which mivny things that will result in benefit, to the state of Alabama* have been done, the second annual convention of the Ala bama State Land congress came to a close last night. President J. O. Thomp son expressed great pleasure over what he termed the complete success of the congress, and said that he was sure he voiced the sentiment of the other officers of that body. During the sessions there has been man ifested a keen desire on the part of all in attendance to do the light thing by the state of Alabama. All delegates seemed alive to the necessity of securing the right kind of immigration to popu late tho unttiled lands of Alabama and did not hesitate to express themselves when tho occasion demanded it. There has been a most brilliant ar ray of speakers in attendance at the ses sions. Addresses have been delivered that touched upon every phase of agri culture, industry and business In the state of Alabama. Harding Speaks on Rural Credit Yesterday, the last day of the congress, was bankers’ and farmers' day. B. M. Allen, chairman of the committee on reso lutions, presented resolutions of live in terest to every agricultural man in Ala bama and they were adopted with one or two amendments. W. I\ G. Harding, delivered a strong address in the morn ing upon “Rural Credits.” and in the •afternoon submitted to the congress a resolution to the effect that th« congress present before the state legislature the idea of a land credit bank, by which it was proposed that the state would lend money to farmers, tuking mortgages as security, and that every cititcen of the state should have an opportunity of oe coming a stockholder in this state bank. This resolution was adopted. The opening of'the congress yesterday morning was a continuation of the pro gramme of the afternoon before and B. M. Allen was the first speaker. Father Patrick Turner asked divine blessing upon the convention and Mr. Allen took the; floor. He spoke in part as follows: “Soma dis 1 FVFNTS OF TflDAY city commission meets ut 8 o'clock. Bc-nutor Robert M. BnKollette speaks til. Central High school at 8:15 o'clock p. in. Miss Bianca Rumlall gives song recital at Cable hall at 8:1R o'clock p. m. At the Theatres •lefTerson—"Young Wisdom;” 8:30 o'clock p. hi. Bijou—"Truxton King;" 8;30 o’clock. p. ni. Orpheum—Vaudeville; 2:80. 7:".0 and U o'clock p. 111. ft Pri<lii> ami Saturday and Snturdny Matinee, November 7 nml h Iluritain .Matinee Saturday Mabel and Edith I Taliaferro lu a New Comedy "Young Wisdom" II y Rachel Crothcra Manimrinent Jon. llrookts PPTr'PTG* MATINEE-25c to «1.00 i IVlV/CtO . MIGHT—2Bc to 91.50 Seats on Sale Wednesday “Truxton King" Next Week “The Shepherd of the Hills” Prices 15c, 25c, 35c, 50c. 1'houc 1143 5—Acts—V audeville 1 Matinee OIW* Mlahtw 7:30 and 0 ^ y*^^pt>lly 1Uo» -<k?» ao,,» -loo LYCEUM HHili SCHOOL Al'DITOHIL'M Robt. M. LaFollette II. 8. 8H.\ATOM r»K WISCONSIN v 8:15 Friday, Nov. 7 \ Seaaun Ticket 93.00 L \ Unfit Admiimlou 50c LAND CREDIT BANK URGED BY FORMAL RESOLUTIONS AS AID TO THE FARMERS Following is tho resolution offered by W. 1*. Q. Harding looking to the es tablishment of a land credit bank to ba backed by the stato, which was pre sented to the land congress and unan imously adopted yesterday afternoon: “Appoint a committee of representa tive farmers and business men from all over tho state on the organisation of the land credit bank of Alabama, which shall not receive deposits, “Capital suggested, 92,000,000, open for subscription first to bona fide resi dents of Alabama; the amounts to be apportioned to the various counties of the state in proportion to population. “Hhould the citizens of any county fail to subscribe for the amount of capital stock allotted to that county, then the amount unsubscribed can be offered to investors at large. “Stock of tho land credit bank to be free of all taxes, except as to real es tate owned by the bank. “Dividends to be limited to 6 per cent. “One-half of tho earnings over and above dividend requirements to bo paid to the state and the other one-half to be set aside as surplus, until tho sur plus la equal to 25 per cent tut the cap ital, after which the entire excess earnings ure to be paid to the state. “The funds of tho land credit bank to be Invested in first mortgages on farms in cultivation oij a basis of not to exceed 50 per cent of actual value, and In no event on a greater basis than the taxable value for tho three years previous to the application for loan. “The loans to be distributed as equal 1 y as possible among tlie various coun ties of the stato in proportion to tax able value of farm lands and to be made for periods of from 10 to 50 years, at an interest rate approximating as nearly as possible (! per cent, tho exact amount to be determined from actuar ies’ figures carefully checked; the In terest to cover all charges and amorti zation, "Tho loan committee to consist of 15 member*, each congressional district to have at least one representative. "Ten members of the loan committee to bo elected by tho stockholders of tho land credit hank and five to be appointed by the governor, | "No loan to be approved except upon a favorable report of appraisers, iu well as by affirtnativo voto in writing of a majority both of those members of the loan committee elocted by the stockholders and of those appointed by tjie governor. • "The maximum amount of loans out standing at ati^ time to bo limited to 10 times the capital (paid In) of the land credit battle. "The members of the loan committee arc to serve for one year, but may be eligible for re-election or reappoint ment. "The land credit bank to have power to place its real estate mortgages In trust to secure issues of coupon notes or bonds to boar interest at not ex ceeding 4 per cent, to 5 per cent, ac cording to money ^conditions, which In terest is to bo guaranteed by the state and tho principal to be free of tax in Alabama, The state to have prior lien upon all free assets and equities of the land credit bank to protect its guarantee. As a constitutional amend ment will be necessary to put tills plan in operation, Ateps should be taken to hnve the necessary amendment sub mitted to Jhe voters of tho state.” j cussion has been raised as to why tiie tide of Immigration lias never been turned southward. The west has become popu lated with farmers, all of whom are pros perous, and who do not know of the good soil of tli*- south. The west has neon advertised in a scientific way and to the detriment of the south. Maps have been distributed in Europe, the northern part from where we get our immigrants, upon which the south is painted black. 1 hat is tho reason why the tide of immigra tion has been turned to the northwest and l venture the assertion that nine tenths of tho people of the south did not even know that this literature was being dis seminated. We have been asleep and un less we wake up and begin to do things the immigration will continue to flow westward.” Advocates liaising Beet Cattle Mr. Allen advocated strongly the rais ing of cattle in Alabama—beef cattle. He said that tho production of beef cattle had decreased 30 per cent within the last . 10 years and. that the population of the • country had Increased 20 per cent. He said that live stock farmers should use dipping vats, for the particular banc of the stock owners' existence in Alabama is ticks. The cattle that are infested with ticks do not tiring as good a price as do those that are rree from the pests, and, therefore, thought Mr. Alien, the farmers should unite in a war against the ticks. Hh referred in a light way to the so-called | tick war” in Harbour county. Secretary William C, Radcliffe of the local Chamber of Commerce Invited all the delegates to attend the Home Products' exposition on First avenue and W. I'. G. Harding, president of the First Na tional bank, took the stand and addressed the body on ‘‘Rural Credits.” Mr. Hard ing said in part: "We have got to have | cheaper money in this state to help us to properly develop its resources. Any banker who stands in the way of cheaper money for the farmers is shortsighted and is standing in his owrn light. In the European countries the governments lend 1 money for special purposes at a low rate.” Mr. Harding did not think that the Eu ropean system of rural credits would be J feasible in the United States, because of tile diverse conditions on the two conti nents. He said that lie believed in sound money and believed that undue expansion or inflation of credit was injurious. He said that he believed the investor was entitled to the best security arid added that the lands of Alabama offered a se curity that was stable, permanent and as good as any that could Vie found. Mr. ! Harding advocated a, land c redit bank to [be financed by tho stato. In referring to [this, lie said: Harding Proposes Land Credit Hank "If the state would charter a land hank ' of $1,000,000 of $2,000,000, or whatever is necessary, limit the dividends to be paid tu stockholders to 6 per cent—start your hank in that way, as l per cent is im practicable—and let the state guarantee the payment of unpaid loans, the rural credit problem would he solved. Htock could be issued in this bank and a portion given to every county in the state for the purpose of selling it to the residents of that county. If the stock was not all disposed of in one county It could he of fered to the state at large. The people of Alabama would then own a bank under the control of Ihe state, the money being loaned exclusively to the farmers of Ala bama. The state Is Just as well able to protect Itself under that system as It Is under thu tax-sale system.” Mr. Harding strongly advocated either a new constitution for the state of Ala bama or else a considerable amending of the present one. Mr. Harding at the con clusion of his speech said that he would present to the congress a resolution for the establishment of a land credit bank. This he did at the afternoon session. Following Mr. Harding, B, M. Allen, as chairman of the committee on resolu tions. offered a number of resolutions that looked to the aid of the farmers in | Alabama. After some discussion mid one amendment they were adopted by the del oflateH. Clark Me Alpine of Talladega delivered an address on "Hog Raising in Alabama” ir. which he stressed the importance of Alabama fanners raising enough hogs to supply the demand for pork in the state. He said that nearly all the pork eaten in Alabama was brought in from othef states and declared that it should not bs so for Alabama has all the facilities to muke her the greatest hog growing state in the union. Following Mr. MeAlphlne came X. R. Baker, sueprintendent of rural schools of Alabama, who talked interestingly on "Rural Schools In Alabama" In the course of his remarks, Mr. Baker re ferred to the Russell Sage report in this manner: "Some time ago thu Russell Huge foundation made a report showing Alabama to be at the bottom education ally. I-et no one be deceived by this rc I port. It is dated 1910 and hence is now ancient history. Figures made three I years ago today will not apply even up pioxlmatoly or comparatively. For in stance, the number of high school pupils reported in the state at that time was 11,131. The report of the state superin tendent of education for 1912. only two years later, showed the number.of pupils in the state doing high school work to be 21,224. an increase of 117 per cent. AVe doubt If the record can he equaled by any state or has ever been equaled in the annals of time. "Perhaps the most aecuiate figures complied In this country are those com pile tl by the United States census bu reau. The leal test of progress, especially in a so-called backward state, is the rapidity with which illiteracy is being eradicated. In 19CKI only two states, South Carolina and Louis ana, w ere lower in the scale of native white Illiteracy than Alabama. Durbar the next decade we stayed ahead of these states and also out distanced several other state*. Decrease in Illiteracy “Four states border Alabamu. During the decade mentioned one of them de creased It* Illiteracy 7 per cent, another $ por cent, and the two others Sty per cent each, while Alabama decreased hers by 11 '1-10 per cent." lie stressed the point that school dis tricts should have the right to tax them selves for the support of schools, and said thiut a graded road should bo built to every school door. He said that there should be an eight months’ school year in every district and a high school should be in reach of every child, with a well equipped teacher in every room. He ad vocated a library in all schools and stated that attendance should be compul sory. Following Mr. Baker's talk the con gress adjourned until 2 o’clock. When sessions were resumed C. W. Roberts, secretary of the Gadsden Chamber of Commerce, was the first speaker and he took for his subject, "Commercial Organi zations arid the Farmers.’’ He told of the work being done by the civic organi zation in his city and stressed the get together spirit as one to be kept at high tension at all times. Secretary Radcliffe of the local Cham ber of Commerce followed Mr. Rob erts and talked extemporaneously along the same Unfea as laid down by the Gadsden secretary. Mr. Radcliffe said that many people seemed to think that there was nothing in common between the fanner and Chambers of Commerce. This, be said, was not true. Their in terests are vitally connected and run along the same channels, ‘it would be I an excellent idea," said Mr. Radcliffe, ! “for the Chamber of Commerce to either 1 buy or secure an option on a good sized tract of land near Birmingham and dis pose of it to desirable farmers.’’ The speaker said that the Chamber of Commerce had been preparing to hold a conference with the farmers of the eight or 10 counties %nmedlately surrounding Jefferson and that it had been deferred until after the land con gress, for fear the two bodies would I conflict with each other, lie said, how lever, that the-convention was going to be held just as soon as the farmers were I ready for it, and that lie would leave I it to them as to the exact time. Mr. Radcliffe was followed by Morgan | Richards, secretary of the Selma Cham ber of Commerce, who said that the I organization of which lie was secretary I had been co-operating with the farmers ! Tor some years. He told of some of the work that was being done by the Sei | ma organization and stated that they I were preparing for a conference with I the farmers to take place in Decern - j her. Kavanaugh Speaks | j. lsj. Kuvanaugh, a walking: delegate i of tho National Good Hoad* association, j waB introduced to the congresH by a letter from the Nashville Chamber of Commerce. He made a short talk arid was followed by Professor Hobdy of Auburn. Professor Hobdy took for bis topic 'Living Conditions in Kural Districts" I and told in the bourse of his address i that they were not of tho best. He I pictured the drudgery of farm work for j the farm wife and said that labor stfv ; ing devices should be used more on the farm. He pointed out that there j was no churches, no s<-bools, no libra ries such as were to fot found in the city, or even in the small town, and ! said that that was one of the reasons ; why living on the farm was so dls taseful y many city dwellers. He said that if circulating libraries were es tablished, churches made more numer ous and better schools provided there ! would be more people leaving the city ; for the farm than was ever heard of be fore. His address was punctuated with statistics and the Auburn professor al« i ways had a figure to back up his state* ments. Mr. VandeGraaff of the university law school followed Professor Hobdy and ! made a 15-minute talk. He referred espe cially to the negro farmer in his talk j and said Cliat the colored farmer had demonstrated time and time again that he , was unfitted for farm work. He said that the time was coming when white people only would be on the farm and the negro would be working in the mines and other | lines of industry in or near the cities. i And,” continued the speaker, "when that I time comes the so-called race problem will | vanish. That is the solution of this prob | lem." Negro Makes Short Talk Immediately follow ing Mr. VandeGraaff waf P. C. Park, a negro educator of Madison county. Tie answered Mr. Van deGtaaff when he said that the negro was ignorant of how to farm because he bad not been taught. park Raid that he had been conducting experiments and demonstration work for the benefit of the negroes in his county and that great pood had resulted from them He said that the negro was a terrible drag on the white man ami would continue to he so until ha had been educated sufficiently for him to strike out for hlms^f. The negro speaker was Interrupted frequently by uppluusp. President J O. Thompson, in the chair, paid a high tribute to Miss Annie Wheel er. daughter of the late Gen. Joseph Wheeler, and said that she bad been one of the most constant attendants at the land congress, He asked tier to come up, to the platform and make a few re marks Alias Wheeler came forward and expressed her pleasure at being present and thought that she bad been greatly benefited by attending the land congress. She Raid that she had learned much that was beneficial and was convinced that the congress would result In great good to Alabama. She received an ovation. Joshua Franklin of Pyrtton was the last speaker at the afternoon session and talked of "Wheat Growing In Alabama." Mr. Franklin stressed the point that al though Alabama possessed tile soil to be come one of the greatest wheat growing states In the union It was not so. Me advocated the planting of more wheat. The congress then adjourned for the night session. The congress adjourned last night at 10:15 o'clock after listening to some of the heat speeches and papers of the three days' session. The address by Sidney CUIB WOMEN BACK GIBE’S DORMITORY AT THE UNIVERSITY Resolutions Placing Federa tion on Record as Indors ing Undertaking Are Adopted at Dothan Dothan, November 6.—(Special.)—Pre liminary steps toward taking definite ac tion for securing a dormitory for girl students at the University of Alabama were taken by the Alabama Federation of Women's Clubs, In session here to ! day, when resolutions placing the federa tion on record as Indorsing the under taking and recommending the appoint ment of a Committee to urge the matter before the state legislature were utlopt ed. This action was the result of an address before the convention last night by Trof. J. S. Thomas of the university, in which Professor Thomas stated that twice the number of girl students that now enrolled would attend tho univer sity, but eouhh not do so on account of lack of accommodations. Professor Thomas brought the federa tion a personal message from Dr. George H. Denny, president of the university, declaring that the need for a gil ts' dor mitory was great, but that no aid could be expected from the state for a num ber of years, as there was no money available for the purpose, and urged that the federation take hold of the proposi tion and see that the dormitory was built. The matter Is now up to the brooming administration and there is no doubt that the proposition will be energetically pushed. The most interesting report of Hie va rious committees today was that of the club extension committee, which showed .an Increase in membership of 10 new clubs during the past year. The report of the treasurer showed the federation to be In excellent financial shape, all obligations having been met. The afternoon session was of a memorial nature. An excellent musical programme was enjoyed. After memorial hour, a series of most Interesting conferences wore conducted by Dr. Laura Drake Gill or Tennessee, in which many delegates took part. The convention will close with its tinal session tomorrow morning. The most Important business to come before the meeting will be the election of officers for the ensuing year. -The nominating committee, of which Mrs. Owen of Montgomery is chairman, will mako its report, but so tar there has been no definite indication of who will receive the nomination. Several names are spoken of in connection with the president's office but no idea can be ob tained of who will likely receive the nomination. The round of social functions which have been given during the convention were brought to a close tonight with a reception for all delegates and visitors and all resident members of Federated clubs at the residence of Mrs. A. Y. Malone. The convention will adjourn at noon tomorrow and many of the delegates will leave for home on early afternoon trains. j Story of New Orleans was the feature of the evening. Irvine Opens Evening Session The evening session opened by a short, snappy talk by L. C. Irvine, manager of the Southern Commercial congress of Mo bile, in which he advocated the coloni sation of Alabama by breaking up the large plantations into small plots and bringing immigrants and farmers from other sections to the state in groups so that they woujd already know each other and In a way would not be moving into u strange neighborhood. Mrs. Julia Truitt Bishop then discussed local economic con ditions in a short talk. Mr. Btory fol lowed. His speech was ringing charge against the British government in which he declared Knghiml had always tried to throttle thu United States in foreign com merce, that she always had and still was I using a hundred and one schemes to poison the minds of foreign people'against this country and keep United States mer I chant marine off the high seas. His speech held the audience spell-bound by his forceful argument and dramatic de livery, but there were some to whom Ills statements were so revolutionary that I they were inclined to consider them ex aggerated. '‘'Industrial America is developing at the expense of agricultural America," de clared Mr. Story. "\Ye are passing from the agricultural or pastoral stage to the industrial stage and, to prosper, this country must change Its economic condi tions to fit tlie occasion. We must find new markets for our factories. \Ve have spent hundreds of millions ot dollars in building the canal and we have but eight ships to run through it which will carry sea going commerce. The other great na tions are preparing to use this great canal and are laughing at the predica ment of the United States. We have but eight ships engaged In cross seas com merce while other nations have hundreds. •lust Huild Merchant Marine • The condition of the United Staten a3 it laees the opening of the canal is piti ful. We must build a merchant marine. The world Is laughing at our maritime impotency. The time has come when wo must emanclpale ourselves on the seas ns in 177(1 we did on the land and the. 3 per cent preferential In the Underwood tariff bdl in behalf of American mer- | chant marine commerce will aid immense ly in doing it. Hut a fight is being made I on that preferential Just ns there always has been and it's up to us to see that that fight is lost. "After we gained pur Independence our merchant marine grew by leaps and bounds and by JS]2 hundreds of our mer chant marine ships were passing in and out of every port in tlte civilized world. England ubSut this time thought she was rid of Napoleon so site attacked these ships and brought on the war of 1S12. We know the result. In spite of our ap parent victory, it was the worst humilia tion we have ever had. At that time we had a 10 per cent preferential tariff in behalf of our own merchant marine and It was due to this that our merchant marine grew. But in the treaty of Ghent following tile war of 1812 England in veigled us to abolish that preferential and our merchant marine has dwindled ever | since until it now is almost dead. •'England Is doing everything to es I strange South America and North Amer I ica. She controls the press of South America. Every news item passing from one country to the other going either way i goes through London and there is cen j sored. Appalling news articles ate prlnt i ed abput the United ■ States government, and its pooplq every day in the Latin | American press—and it comes from . Europe. Shipments of commerce to Latln Amerlca most go first to London or Havre and from there back to their destination. We are bound hand and foot and it's time to drop the scales from our eyes and realize some wolves In sheep’s clothing." Mr. Story is one of the best known au thorities on this matter in the country, and his address was full of other points In illustration of his main theme that if Piles Cured In U to 14 Hays Druggists refund money if PAZO OINT MENT fails to cure Itching. Blind. Bleeding or Frotruding Piles. First application gives relief. 60c. | OFFICIAL MAP OF THE WEATHER • ' [ U. S< Department of Agriculture. 0 WEATHER BUREAU. Q. NATO'rY MOTBA. Weather Forecast Washington, November 6.—Weather forecast for Alabama anil Mississippi: Fair Friday and Saturday. Georgia: Fall- Friday and Saturday. Tennessee: Fair Friday and Satur day; lrttlc change in. temperature. Local Data For the 24 hours ending at 7 p. in., November (1: Highest temperature . 73 L.owest temperature . ;,2 Mean temperature . «3 Norma] temperature. 67 Deficiency In temperature since Jan. 1. 12q Rainfall . OK Total rainfall since Jan.-1 .46.23 Excess in rainfall since Jan. 1_ 3.34 Relative humidity, 7 a. m. 6!l 7 p. in. OS Weather Conditions Birmingham. November G.—17 p. m.) Althougii the pressure continues relatively high over tile eastern half of the coun try, there has been a general and steady fall In pressures over the entire country east of the Rocky mountains, causing a general change from northerly to south erly winds over the eastern and central sections. As a result, the weather been warmer over all southern, eastern and central districts, and generally cloudy weather has overspread the plains states. Attending this area of low pros sure which is moving across tho northern border of the country, Is a rain area which covers the northern half of the country west of tho Missouri valley. A11 area of high barometer overlying the Pa cific slope has brought cooler weather to northern districts west of the Rockies. No rain occurred east of the Mississippi river during the past 24 hours, except the shower that visited Birmingham. Some I'louumeHM prevailed over Mississippi and western Tenessee at 7 p. in., but fair weather was general in all other portions of the cotton belt. Conditions seem favor able for generally fair and pleasant weather In this section Friday. Summary of observations made at United Btates Weather Bureau stations November 6, 1013: Temperature Lowest At for 7 d. m. dav. Abilene, partly cloudy . 60 46 Atlanta, clear . 58 44 Birmingham, clear ..#. 63 52 Boston, clear . 56 38 Brownsville, partly cloudy . 64 54 Buffalo, clear . oo 42 t u.gary, cloudy . 36 22 Charleston, clear . 53 4S Chicago, dear . 56 40 Corpus Chriatl, clear . -66 56 Denver, clear . 62 86 Deg Moines, cloudy . 60 46 Dodge Ity, cloudy . 54 42 Duluth, cloudy . 54 50 Durango, clear . 5o 26 Balveston, clear . 68 02 Breen Bay, cloudy . 52 40 Halt eras, clear . 56 52 Havre, rain . 42 .78 Helena, partly cloudy . 40 40 Huron, cloudy . 6,4 .1; Jacksonville, cloudy . tkj 04 Kansas City, cloudy . oj To Knoxville, cluar . fiO 40 Louisville, dear . 02 40 Memphis, cloudy . 08 40 Miami, cloudy . 70 42 Mobile, clear . (g Modena, dear . 58 40 Montgomery, clear. 4)6 54 Nashville, clear . 04 42 New Orleans, partly cloudy .... oti ft) New York, clear . 64 40 North Platte, cloudy . 02 ,‘8 Oklahoma, clear . 60 62 Palestine, partly cloudy . os 61 Phoenix, dear . 70 60 Pittsburg, eh 111*. 00 Portland, cloudy . 62 44™ Raleigh, clear . 50 no Rapid City, partly cloudy . 48 4o Roseburg, cloudy . ft) 60 Roswell, clear . 70 TO Salt Lake City, cloudy . 40 IS San Antonio, partly cloudy . 08 48 Sail Francisco, clear . 04 t>. Sault Ste. Marie, cloudy . 30 80 Sheridan, cloudy . 38 11 Shreveport, clear . 70 50 Spokane, cloudy . 4(1 40 St. Louis, elear . 60 40 St. Paul, cloudy . 58 TO Tumpa, clear . 72 <4 Toledo, clear . 58 SS Vicksburg, partly cloudy . 70 64 Washington, clear . 44 3) Willlston, rain . 48 64 Wlnnemucca, cloudy . 50 14 Winnipeg, cloudy . 40 20 E. C. HORTON, Local Forecaster. this country is to profit by the canal it must build merchant ships and give Eng land and Europe a commercial slap In the face and tell her to mind her own business. Norton on Taxation Reform Following him K. Q. Norton of Daphne read a remarkable paper on taxation re form. it was a carefully prepared paper and went Into the problem on a scientific basis. It was enthusiastically received. Henry U. Suns, chairman of the Cham ber of Commerce finance and taxation committee, was scheduled for a speech, but as it was so late Mr. Sims only spoke briefly, indorsing Mr. Daphne’s paper and offering the following reso lution, which was adopted: Resolved, That this congress does in dorse tiie movement begun by tills con gress at its last session to reform the tax system of the state of Alabama, and to that end that tiie governor be request ed to appoint at the earliest practicable time, a non-political commission of the ctixens of Alabama to prepare and re port to him in time for act.on by the legislature of 1915, a system of taxation lor Alabama in keeping with modern re quirements.” President J. O. Thompson during the session declared the congress W'ould meet next year in Birmingham’s new audi toiiuni. lie also appointed the following executive committee to be in general charge of the congress affairs during the year; F. V. Glass. A. H. Ford, W, D. Jelks, D. If. Mar bury and B. M. Allen. I)R. RAY PALMER ON PILLARS OF CHURCH Evangelist Says There Are Some Pil lows, Some Pillow-Shams, But Not Enough Pillars •Dr. Ray Palmer preached last, night at the First Baptist church on “Pillars in God's Temple." Rev. 3:12: “He that overcometh, 1 will make him a pillar In the temple of my God." Tlie speaker said In part: “The hook of Revelation is ono of the most wonderful boukB In the Bible. Were I asked to give the key-word to the hook of Revelation, f should say It is the word “overcom eth." "He that overcometh," 1 will make him a pillar. There are many pillows In the churoli, some pillow-shams, hut not so many pillars as there should he.” Tlie speaker said that If we expect to develop strong Christian characters, wo must educate our young people In our smaller Christian colleges rather tiian in great stute universities, where thousands of students rarely come in vital touch with tlielr professors. "Incubator-hatched chickens,” ho said, "lack the vitality that the little ones have that are hatched under the brooding wings of the mother, Christianity em bodied in a strong personality Is tlie greatest educator on earth.” He declared that the divorce curse of our day is a blot on the face of Chris tendom- “You cannot take the -world for Jesus Christ with an army of ‘grass' widows and widowers,” he said. A large congregation heard tlie sermon. Four persons stood to confess Christ. Prof. V. It. Wade sang with telling ef fect, "Oh It Is Wonderful," The evangelist's subject tonight will bo, "The Castaway.” Mr. and Mrs. D. P,. Wade will sing. AWARDS PRIZE TO ABRAHAM LINCOLN Oxford, England, November 6.—Lord Curzon of Kedleston, chancellor of Oxford university, delivering the Rede lecture on “Parliamentary Eloquence" tonight, said he would escape the task of deciding which was the masterpiece of modern British eloquence by u warding the prize to the American, Abraham Lincoln. WILSON TO ATTEND GRIDIRON CLUB Washington. November 6,—President Wilson today accepted the invitation of the Gridiron club to attend Its dinner on December 13. The President has attended only pile banquet since ho was inaugu rated—a previous dinner of the Gridiron Civil), composed of newspaper mbn. CLUB OPENS DEC. 17 Elaborate Plans Are Being Worked Out at Beautiful New Club Grounds The work on the Birmingham Alotor and Country club's grounds, boulevards and lake and the 'improvements on the clubhouse is progressing so rapidly that the board of directors feels sufo in nam ing December 17 as the date for the open ing. Mr. Lambert, the landscape gardener, who for 20 years had charge of the city parks of Birmingham and tho Oak Hill cemetery, has been employed by the dub to put the grounds in condition and do the necessary planting of shrubbery and flowers and to lay out the walkways, und drives, and the bridle paths through tho woods for tho horseback riders. Arrangements have been made for tho extension of the car lino from its present terminus at the ontrunce of tho club grounds to a point inside the grounds at the proper distance from the club house. * Local merchants are submitting bids on various furnishings. The kitchen out fit will be one of the handsomest and most complete in the south and sufficient to accommodate a club of more than 1000 nieuiDers. The china anil sliver promises to bo somethin# entirely unique and handsome anu the electric light fixtures are to be of special design to harmonize with a real Country club. In addition to the several immense fire places for logs, a local firm is planning a system of hot water heating which they consider more satisfactory than steam. Gardner to Resign Hamilton, Mass.. November ii.—Con gressman A. P. Gardner, defeated for governor in Tuesday's election, an nounced tonight that he would resign from Congress to be a candidate for 1 He republican nomination for governor again in 1914. He Said: “I shall resign from Congress before next summer In order to make a systematic canvass. My campaign will be made squarely on a liberal platform with a view to align ing the republican party In this state with the new republicanism.” SHOULD SHOWD THE PROPER METHOD Head of Negro Normal School Speaks Before Land Congress “The negroes of Alabama, in my judgment, will drown the white man in I spite of himself unless the efficiency of the negro farmer and laborer is ma terially increased," declared P. C. Park, negro principal of the Agricultural and Mechanical Negro Normal school in Madison county in a speech at the aft ernoon session of the Alabama State J^and congress yesterday. Park was loudly applauded and everyone who heard him entlniHiastieallv averred that he nrnde one of the best speeches of the entire three days’ session. “There should be a. closer and better feeling between the white and the black races in Alabama,” he said. “I am in clined to believe Unit you have more confidence in the Lad negroes than you have in the good ones. The bad ne groes have thrown the raco into dis repute and you white men, it seems, now will not discriminate and therefor; have no confidence In any of us. "The ignorant, guinbcraome. cliinis;. shiftless negro farmer of Alabama Is Alabama’s agricultural problem. Thee ' are the men who are holding down the state productivity in agricultural • yields. Theso arc i men who will have to be taught lu tur methods a.id their efficiency as farmers increased before the white farmers of Alabama can assume the prestige they deserve." Park was given close attention throagliout his speech and was repeat edly applauded. He was the only negro attending the land congress and tho only negro speaker. Articles of Incorporation Montgomery, November (Special.) Secretary of State Cyrus B. Brown has been informed of the Incorporation of the Alabama-Louisiana Oil company of Birmingham. The now corporation lias an authorised capital of 560,000 with 525,000 paid in. The incorporators arc J. J. Elliott. S. Jacobs. Charles H. Scot: and J. E. Seay: If you don’t feel “up to the mark/’ if you lack vim and vigor, try drinking a really fine mineral water. Standing alone in its class, the high regard in which k WHITE ROCK WATER is « held by the doctors of today is J attested by its enormous sale.