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MEDICINE GREAT Doctor Finds Vaccine Is Preventive for Hay Fever RAGWEED BLAMED FOR THE DISEASE Physician Takes Pollen From Flower and Vaccinates Victim in Order to Properly Diagnose the Case dime was when any great scentist dis covery or contribution toward an expose of the cause or revelation of the cure of an ailment came In epochs, then In cen turies and finally In every generation or two. But no more. Nowadays significant triumphs over the unknown are tolled off by the weeks, the days and even the min utes. If the dally paper was to attempt to chronicle truly only the bona fide dis coveries each day of Its Issue there would scarcely today be enough paper upon which the facts could be presented. Thus, as a sample, tho medical and popular motion that the lungs cannot be In a gTeat part shut off from the air A NOTRE DAME LADY’S APPEAL To ftH knowing sufferers of rheumatism, whether muscular or of the Joints, sciatica, lumbagos, back ache. pains In the kltlneye or neuralgls Dains, to write to her for a home treatment which has repeatedly cured all of these tortures. She feels It her duty to lend it to all sufferers FREE. You cure yourself at l.ome as thousands will testify—no change of climate being necessary. This simple discovery banishes urle aeld from the blood, loosens the stiffened Joints, pur ifies the blood, and brightens the eyea. giving elasticity and tone to the whole ayetem. If the above Interests vou. for proof address Mrs. M. bummers. Box R. Notre Dame Ind. without the individual thereby suffering or being suffocated has just at the mo ment been exploded by Drs. Bernard, Le piay and M&ntoux, of the Laennes hos pital., Paris, These daring investigators succeeded experimentally in shutting oft the lungs gradually until there was only one-sixth of the original capacity leit, yet no harm resulted, and, as one as tonished physician remarked: “This amazing result gives the hope and be lief that the whole collapse of one lung by suffocation, pneumonia, pleurisy, or e\cn drowning, can occu* without any great harm to the individual even if there is some affection of the other lung." The Journal of the American Medical association recently reported the observa tions of Dr. E. H. Hunt of Deccon, India, which are, is possible, even as revolu tionary as this resistance of the lungs to suffocation. It seems that Dr. Hunt was struck by the endurance of the In dian natives under great extremes of heat, so ho set himself the experiment of Mnding out why there was no sun stroke among them, the malady that lays low so many Americans in midsummer. Here In the 90s many persons succumb to the heat, while In India 100 and 110 degrees for days at a time does not feeze the natives, says the New Yoi*k Times. True enough, men who work In moll ! ing and picture frame factories, as well ; as stokers and firemen, are for the frac ! tion of a moment able to withstand dry heat up to 200 and n*>re degrees, but these exceptions are beside the points, which Is, to wit, that very high outside temperatures are apt to be actually adde.i to that within the human tissues. What then, thought Dr. Hunt, can explain the resistance of these dervishes and coolies to being "insulted" or sunstruck? Her1 thy Persons Withstand Heat j Obviously it must be due to some I vital, automatic adjustment betkeen the tissues and the sun and hot winds. Dr. Hunt found actually that in a group of European persons he inves tigated they were able to work until midday in the sun when the tempera ture in the shade was 110 degrees. The only ones who were unable to accom modate themselves to the extreme heat were those who were In some way j below par ; that Is to say, those whose i arteries were hard, who were on the verge—as it afterward turned out—or just recovered from an Infectious ail ment such as typhoid, or those per sons who failed to drink less than 12 quarts of water a day. Even with thiB amount there was not too much perspiration, and many were happier with more. His discovery is that no healthy per son is over struck down by the sun and heat providing large quantities of wa ter are imbibed At the same time he also found that muscular work and athletic feats are more successful in the hot, broiling sun, when copious HOTELS FAM0U5 AT HOME AND ABROAD Holland House Sfiitlh Auenue and 30- Street fcfetn ]foek Cilg Favorably known for the Excellence of it* . Cuisine and the character of its Patronage. Enlarged Rooms. 200 New Baths. Every Modern Appointment. J. OTTO STACK It’s Mighty Fine—Try It IrUSIlLK HlOf* SU»Ol TRasVBPOS i ki . «■< g Games To You From Old Kamtuck m Pure as the mountain dew. Put up in the good old way MW in Quarts, Pints and Half Pints. ^^W w Trost Bros. LOUISVILLE. KY. At ®U I First-Class Dealers Full Quarts $1.00. Full Pints 50c Full Half Pints 25c MOBILE AND RETURN ACCOUNT Alabama Good Roads Association Meeting Ticket* on Sale November IHth and 10th; Return Limit November 25th Alabama Good Hoads Special Will leave L. & N. station at 12:15, noon, Wednesday, Nov. lath For further particulars apply to J. H. SETTLE, Dist. Pass. Agt. Will Study Industrial Conditions Alteejo mosely. Alfred Mosely, a member of the Executive Committee of the Tariff Re form League of Great Britain, is on his way to-day to California, where he will continue his study of American Industries. The leading British protectionist declares that the free trade party Is now holding sway In England, and predicts that the British government will soon face a free trade test. With Mr. Mosely are several mechanics, who cuuie to this country with him to study labor con ditions. araughts of water are taken. A man may also discover that he Is not in normal health If he starts to work In the heat, because there Is a quick ad justment in water drinking sound men chat fails to work in the face of the slightest W'ant of the normal balance. Another superstition, that has to do with the health and safety of the race has just been given a solar plexus blow. I refer of course to the prohibi tion in certain states against the use of "boo veal" or the meat from young valves as a source of food. This fallacy, like a 15t of other tra ditions, hangs on like the edelweiss in the Alps. It arose in the ancient days with justice on ‘is e-de, for then there was always danger < f disease 10 ymng calves, and, added to the fact *hal, like olives, kniito'vb and oyster.*' the very sight of young salves’ flesh was ur pleasant, :t w.13 son considered dengtrous as well as wicked to eat it. But all of this is now over. There can no longer be any danger of disease if these meats receive the inspection that other cattle receive, and at pres ent there is truly no evidence of result ing harm. To prove this, Dr. Fish, a painstaking experimenter, fed "boo veal’’ to a score of people cf various ages without anything but a pleasant outcome. Thus another delusion is ex ploded. In these summer days of poison ivy and hay fever any discovery that con cerns those infections—for they are in fections in man from the fertilizing principles of pollen in plants—is hound to be of timely interest. Ten years ago Dr. Paul Dunbar, an American doctor of Hamburg, Ger many, found that the hay fever of the Germans could be combated In a man ner by the use of a vaccine composed of the pollen from several grasses, such as timothy. Unluckily his vaccine, when used in this country, turned out to be a disappointment. blames the Ragweed Not disheartened by these 10 years of 1 failure comes now Dr. Q. H. A. Clowes, of the Buffalo Institute for the Study* of Malignant Diseases, and announce his successful observations that American hay fever has been traced by him to the long suspected goldenrod and ragwood. I Dr. Crowes, by taking some of the ; pollen from these flowers and scratching ' or vaccinating it into the arms of the victims, has been able to quickly dlag nose exactly the kind of hay fever that attacks them. The sufferer is really sen sitive to the particular fertilizing agent of the golden rod or ragweed, which has, no doubt, been previously inoculated by a bumblebee Into his system. This first injection from the sting of a bee, or may hap a caterpillar, paves the way for an oversensitive tissue to become more sus ceptible afterward every time the golden rod blooms. Dr. Cowes was able to show that such persons were very susceptible to the pol len by making a solution of the pollen as weak as one part to a half a million parts of water. When this is scratched on the skin a large welt or hive will ap peal- 15 minutes later. If forced under the skin, dizziness, itching and an attack of hay fever can be brought on. Dr. Cowes, however, has gone beyond merely diagnosing the malady. With his co-workers in Buffalo he has been able to form a vaccine, or immunizing mix ture, by first freezing the pollen and then dissolving it in water. He thus hopes to rid the country of-hay fever as St. Pat rick rid Ireland of snakes. Another novel proposition of the week that can do no harm and may do much good has been offered by Dr. E. Hess, of Germany, who suggests that those large swellings over the Adam’s apple in the necks of many women and men, called goitres, may be cured, or at least ma teiially reduced in size, by treatment with radioactive substances. He finds that in 60 different localities where goitres aboun the neighborhoods that are free of them abound in radioactive springs. What with the Friedmann and Van Ruck and many other tuberculosis vac cines under fire, and new ones popping up like Cadmus and his dragon’s teetli every day, it is refreshing to learn that two such conservative savants as Profs. Blerbaum and Rothe, of Prussia, have gone about an Investigation of the j great white plague in cattle that may lead ultimately to the open sesame that will eradicate tuberculosis In man. Typhoid War Had Many Rivals These two German doctors Inoculated into the blood stream and veins of a 'herd of fine cattle many different kinds of tubercle bacilli and vaccines. They were thus able, after overcoming many technical difficultis, to find a mixture of dried dead bacilli that vaccinated tire cattle against the dread scourge. They discovered that they could thus produce anti-tuberculosis substances In the blood which can* be removed and kept in a re frigerator. The serum is then ready at hand as a standard with which to test the claims of every new vaccine, such as , Friedmann’s and Von Ruck’s, without endangering the lives of any patients. | This Is taking t£e bull by the horns and makln; him serve man w-ith a vengeance. Typhoid Mary, of whom so much has i been written, has at least* 10,000 rivals and competitors if the medical press of the world is to be bel’evd. These per sons, #while not afflicted with typhoid , themselves, have the unhappy faculty of harboring a nest of typhoid microbes. | These emerge at unpleasant and unseen apertures and enter the water, milk, food and linens of innocent person^ In the same households and shops. Thus epi demics ot typhoid arise, and many per sons are unwittingly laid low by people who themselves never fall ill. So extended has this .menace grown that the German government now offer* a prize og 13500 to the physician who will devise a means to cure these "car riers” of their concealed nest of typhoid germs. The famous Prof. Paul Ehrlich is to be one of the judges of the methods submitted. In this connection the methods of Dr. L. P. Barbour of Rocky Ford. Col , just suggested this week to prevent typhoid fever are most pertinent. He emphasises Bewer connections as of the utmost im portance and lays great stress upon the improved general health conditions that always result from this. Sewers should be extended to the ut termost limits of the town, and the town should be extended to take in all the sub urbs, including the fair grounds. Where there are no sewers and until sewer con nections can be made all privies should be made fly-tight. The roorti should be screened, but especially should it be im possible for flies to enter the vault. Privy vaults, though fly-tight, are still a menace to the cisterns of the nelghborlu )d. Built as most cisterns are, the walls often crack, but oftener become worn so thin as to permit seepage of soli water. It is this soil water that contaminates our cisterns. Therefore, the water from all cisterns should be tested each spring and as frequently thereafter as the health of ficer or householder may think necessary. Either this or close all cisterns. More careful protection -of the city reservoir and regulation of the selling of milk in the city must be followed. As a condition for receiving a license to sell, each seller should bo rigidly re quired to report promptly all cases of sickness in his family, among his em ployes or the families of his employes, as well as strictly enforce measures for pre venting the breeding of flies. To this end there should be compulsory cleaning of every lot, corral, stable and barn every week from April to October, the refuse to be burned or hauled to a suitable place beyond the city limits. Proper quarantine of each typhoid pa tient, which implies thorough sterilization of the discharges of the patient, of all clothing worn by him, and of all eating utensils used. None but necessary nurse* should touch the patient or handle any of the clothing until after disinfection. Most necessary, however, is anti-typhoid vaccination. Boys Find More Than $20,000 Calumet, Mich., November 8.—(Special.) Two 12-year-old Lake Linden boys. Will Leolere and Joseph Tremblait. who hdve had the spending of a fortune of $30,000, today lost their hoard of wealth. A year ago the boys, playing on the site of the old Bennallack Market, at Lake Linden, uncovered an iron box con taining over $20,000 in gold and silver coin. They hid the box a mile from town In a wild and almost inaccessible district, and since then have been dipping into It as they w'anted spending money. Suspecting some one else was dipping also they moved the box, burying it be neath the Houghton-Dougles falls. One of the boys yesterday told his parents of thd hidden wealth and today they went to get It. but found it had disap peared. There is no clew. The sheriff s office is working on the case. Englishman Used Tobacco for Curing Ulcers Before Raleigh Smoked Worshippers at the shrine of "My lady Nicotine”—and how many mil lions burn incense before her altar— ire not all aware of the origin of the word nicotine, or of the correct ac | count of the awakening to the value of tobucco on the continent of Europe. Most of us are satisfied with the statement that Sir Walter Raleigh in troduced the "weed”’ into England and suppose that it spread thence all over Europe simply for smoking purposes; If we go back to an old Black Letter volume dating from the year 1577, we gain a clearer view of the subject and Interesting light on the origin of the word nicotine as applied to the chief element in tobacco. According to tH|.-» venerable authority, now more than 300 years old, Master John Nicot, counsel lor to the King, being ambassador for the King in Portugal, In the year of our Lord 1559, '60, '61, went one day to see the prisons of the King ot Uortugul ami a gentleman being th-* keeper of the said prisons presented him an herb, as a strange plant ; brought from Florida, aays the New York Press. This same Master Nicot, having caused the said herb to be set in hi.T garden, where it grew and multiplied marvelously, was upon a time advised by one of his pages that a young man, some kin to the page, made a plaster of that herb bruised, both the herb and the juice together, upon an ulcer, which he had upon his cheek near his nose, coming of a noil me tangere, which had tukon root already at the base of his nose, and that he found himself much easier at once. There fore the said Master Nicot caused the sick young man to be brought before him. causing the said herb to be ap plied to the sore eight or ten days, until it was completely cured and healed. And he had it sent, while this cure was working, to a certain physi cian of the King of Portugal, the most famous in his time, to see the further working and effect of the said nie otiano. He then sent for the same young man at the end of the 10 days and brought him before this physician that he might see how the herb had acted upon the sore, and he certified that the said noli me tangere was In deed utterly obliterated. and, Indeed, It never returned afterward. Some time after this, one of the am bassadors cooks, having almost cut off his thumb with a big chopping knife, the steward of the house of this gen tleman ran to the said nlcotlano and dressed his thumb therewith five or six times, and It was finally thoroughly healed th reby. From that time on this herb was famous throughout all Lis bon, where the court of the King of Portugal was held a» that time, and the virture of tills herb was announced far and wide, and the people called tt “the ambassador’s herb.” The London ambassador, seeing that such beneficent effects were produced by this herb, and having heard that the Lady Montlgy that was had died at St. Germains of an ulcer on the breast, which had turned into a noli me tan gere. for which no remedy was known at that time, and that the Countess of Rur < hod consulted all the famous physt 'ang of that realm to help to heal her face, but that none of them had found any remedy, he thought It wise to communicate his good news to France and, therefore, sent to King Francis IT. and to the Queen Mother, telling them all about tobacco and how to use it, as well as how to apply it to this dread disease, as had been proved by experience. In this way we have evidence that to bacco was considered the cure for ul cers and even for cancerous growths, more than for smoking, and In this way the word nicotine Is to be traced to this ambassador. John Nlcot. Obtaining Free Power Makers of carbon black at Wllsonburg. W. Va., obtain free power In a novel manner. The product Is deposited from the names of natural gas. and power was originally supplied by a steam boiler and engine. The gas issued at a pressure of 950 pounds from a well 3000 feet deep, says Harper's. It was suggested that this pressure might be utilized and accordingly the gas* was led in place of steam to the engine, which was thus driven and acted as a re ducing valve, delivering the gas at low pressure to a discharge tank feeding tho carbon building. The engine, requiring no attendant, con tinues to give uniform and satisfactory service. COMFORT WITHOUT EXTRAVAGANCE HOTEL WOODSTOCK WEST 430 STREET. 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