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THE BIRMINGHAM AGE-HERALD
r volume xxxxm_Birmingham, Alabama, Saturday, December 6, 1913 u paces Alabama Clashes In Oratorical Conflict On The Suffrage Question Representative J. Thomas Heflin Closes Argu ment Before House and Is Answered By Mes dames Jacobs, Hundley and Baldridge CONGRESSM AN’S SPEECH DECLARED BEST HE HAS EVER MADE ON QUESTION • Eloquent Tribute Paid “Home-Loving Women of America”—Alabama Women Respond to Address In Telling Speeches / ‘ - By C. E. STEWART Washington, December' 5.— (Special.)—Alabama clashed today in ai oratorical 'conflict when Representative J. Thomas Heflin closed the argument for the women who oppose women’s ,Buffrage, before the committee on rules. Mr. Heflin spoke for over an hour, and in an oratorical flight gathered the moon, the stars and skimmed the cream from the milky way, and of these made a bouquet which he showered in rich profusion over womankind in general and those opposed to the “cause” in particular. , He was answered by three promi nent suffragists from Alabama, Mrs. Patty Ruffner Jacobs and Mrs. Oscar R. Hundley of Birmingham and Mrs. Felix Baldridge of Huntsville. SPEECH DECLARED BEST HEFLIN EVER MADE Mr. Heflin’s speech, which was de clared by many to be the best he has ever made upon this subject, was liberally applauded, and when he fin ished he received the congratulations of an immense crowd. He declared that the d n:l for the ballot comes not from 'll" ’.wriest, home loving women of th-.'country, ,but that as the rule, these women were the restless, dissatisfied products of unhappy homes; that woman suf frage would create sex antagonism and destroy sex sentiment; that it would cause disturbances in the fam ily, and that it was the enemy of the Christian religion and the American home. “When I heard you good women yes tv- ■ T., . ■ .it! the viiTi'St ness of your gentle natun- that the ba' Iot be not thrust upon you, when I heard you talking of your mission in tho world and your duties in the home, I felt like I was attending an old-fash ioned love feast, and I said In my heail, thank God for these gentlewomen, for the home-loving women of America.' Mrs. Jacobs was first called upon by the suifragists to defend Alabama from the charge made by Representative Heflin In that women of the soutn did not want the ballot and she re sponded to the responsibility nobly. WOMEN* NOT ANGELS, * DECLARES MRS. HUNDLEY “1 am happy of the opportunity to refute the charges that the women of the south do not desire the ballot,'' declared Mrs. Jacobs. “We are very tired of being considered different from other women. “We are not angels, or lilies, or roses,” she declared, "or even ‘moons.’ ” This latter thrust brought a round of laughter and applause because of Mr. Heflin's reference to sun and moon In his s]>ecch. “if the House Is against suffrage, as claimed by Mr. Heflin, why are they afraid to have this committee appoint ed?” demanded Mrs. Jacobs. Mrs. Hundley declared that “many* men and women in the south beliew with the immortal Lincoln, whom tin gentlemen from Alabama wo beaut’ful ly misquoted when he said: *1 go for al sharing the privilege* of govern ment who asaist In bearing its bui dens, by no means excluding the women.” Mrs. Hundley brought out the fart that she had issued a challenge to Rep. roBentative Heflin for a debate of the suffrage question In Alabama, which be had declined. DENIED MRS. BALDRIDGE’S CHARGES Mrs. Baldridge, a charming little sqf fargette from Huntsville, next took a ■hot at the Alabama Congressman and began by saying: "I regret that I am not one of those ’mannish women' of whom Mr. Heflin spoke, if he meant those who had been trained In House speaking, but I came directly from the home to tell the gentleman from Ala bama who represents a fraction of our men and misrepresents all of our wom en, that the women of the south do wish the ballot in order that they may protect the home." After the meeting today the conven ti m adjourns and Mrs. Hundley and Mrs. Jacobs will go from this city to New York. The remainder of the Alabama dele gation will return to their homes. OSCAR UNDER'VOOD’S OPINION GIVEN In connection with the pending propo sition to appoint a committee on woman suffrage in the House, Mr. Underwood’s opinion on the resolution might be of in terest. East fall Miss Jane Addams, one of the leaders of the movement, called on Mr. Underwood and asked him to support the resolution for the appointment of a com mittee on woman’s suffrage in the House, and to favor an amendment to the consti tution to authqi.. all the women in the United States to vote. He stated to Miss Addams that he was not in * such a committee in the Hou mendment to the federal cons -ause the control of the rwas in the state govern hc thought it would be ke the power away from tl* that he favored each state, f c question for itself. t ' EFORE ^ 2E ENDS ; M December 6.—Hearings »ef ouse committee on rul.*s Pub he proposed creation of U uaed on Page Ten) RADICALS CARRY DAY IN REPUBLICAN STATE CONFERENCE Force Approval of I)irect; I Slate Wide Primary Law. Prominent Republicans j Arc Present New York, December 5.—The radi cals ruled tile republican state confer ence this afternoon and forced the ap proval of a direct, state-wide primary law. state Chairman William Barnes' motion to reaflrm the more conservative primary plank in the last republican platform was defeated by a vote of .m <« HR, . - - • Tile radicals, led by Henry I„ Slim son. former Secretary of War, split with Mr. Karnes and Ills followers over the question of retaining party conven tions. Tile state chairman's proposition was that the conference favor tile direct nomination of congressmen, state leg islators, county and municipal officers, but keep the state convention for the nomination of governor and other state officers. Delegates to this convention were to be chosen directly by tile voters, who should hnve the right also to express direct preference for nomi nations for state officers if they so desired. This did not suit Mr. Sttmson and his friends and after a long debate they carried a small majority of the con ferees with them. The resolution adopted declared that all candidates should stand on an equal footing. It' opposed the use of party emblems on the general election ballot an$l the fac tional column on the primary ballot. At the same time it expressed belief In party organization and reiterated the doctrine of former Governor Hughes that the direct primary should be an adjunct to and a check upon, rather than a substitute for, the de liberation and conference of the party’s representatives. Prominent Republicans Present The conference was called by the state committee to recommend legis lation to the republican members of the state ussembly, which was re (Continued on Page Ten) ---- Most of Striking Teamsters Return to Work Today Indianapolis, Ind., December 5.—There will be no general strike in Indianapolis at this time, ami teamsters whose em ployers have signed union contracts will return to work tomorrow morning. This course was decided upon late today at a meeting of the teamsters’ union, which was addressed by Daniel J. Tobin, inter national president of the teamsters’ or ganization. “The talk about a general strike in Indianapolis at this time is all nonsense,’’ declared President Tobin. “The time is not right. “It is better for us to have 700 team sters wearing union buttons at work than to have twice that number Idle in the streets. If we expect fair treatment, wo must be fair and I urge you to permit the teamsters, employed by team owners who have signed union contracts, to re turn to work." The vote in favor of the proposition was unanimous. Four non-union drivers wrere shot to day, the fifth day of the strike. Jacob Sonenfleld of Chicago and George t\ Williams of Cincinnati were wounded. Sonenfleld seriously when a crowd at tacked a transfer wagon. Two negroes on an ice wagon were peppered with shot, but not seriously hurt, when fired i pon by men who escaped in an automo bile. k FEDERALS FLEEING TO AMERICAN LINE PURSUEDBY REBELS Villa Dispatches Troops to Overtake'Refugees From Chihuahua NON-COMBATANTS WILL BE PROTECTED Rebel Chief Abandons Occupation of Chihuahua to Overtake Retreating Army—Will Confiscate Money. Powers Grow 1 ~ „ -ss - » Juarez, December ■/J intend of o<* copying < hlliunliun.jf • state capital, ®*“- Francisco vlth hla TOO«> rebels, who were .<4^ mped along the railroad north o^ f oily. today re tlirnril hurriedly^ $ Ilia Ahumada, the telegraph alntt o dispatch more men In pursuit he federals retreat ing toward OJlnaga, on the border. A garison of 600 rebels occupy the fort at OJlnaga and General Villa said his soldiers would not permit the federals to reach the border or cross over into the United States without a- fight. His pur pose la not only to capture the federal troops, but also to seize the arms and equipment. The federals, however, will be In the majority unless they are overtaken by the rebel pursuers. With the 2000 dr more fugitive federals are General Salvador Mercado, the deposed military governor and commander, numerous other generals and officers and members . of wealthy Chihuahua families, who left the city precipitately on foot In fear of a rebel at IttUfk. To Confiscate Money General Villa expressed his Intention to confiscate the money which the fugi tives were reported to have withdrawn from the banks before the evacuation. He said he would protect the non-combatants, except such as were considered polltloai offenders. Members of the Terrazas fam ily were placed by him In the latter class. Crowds of persons with automobiles camped at Presidio, Tex., opposite OJina ga, in anticipation that the refugees, in cluding the federals, would cross the fiver. Should the federals, disheartened by their long siege In Chihuahua and by the decision of General Mercudo to flee because ol the bankrupt condition of Ids army, decide to cross they would have to give up their arms on the American side. Th ?'f(fjfti't Ti AT hell Ojinaga that the fu gitives hidl been in great distress, since their route was across a waterless des.-r, plateau, swept by cold winds at night and sandstorms by day. Turn to West Rebels reported that part of the fugi tives had turned to the west and were approaching Palomas. on the border op posite Columbus, N. M. With them were said to be Gen. Jose Salazar and paseunl Orozco, both of whom are under indict ment in the l nited Stntes for violations of the neutrality laws. Another reason why Villa returned northward to Villa Ahumada was to com municate with General Carranza, head ol the constitutionalist party, who is in Sonora. Pleased at his victories In the north and confident that bis projected march toward Mexico City will lie marked by desertions from the federal ranks ir evacuations by the federals. General Villa himself showed no haste to enter Chihuahua, the largest city now held by the rebels. Some of his troops, com manded by General Chao, went Into the city several days ago for police fluty. _ • Powers Restless Washington. December 6.—Guarded Inquiries are being made at ttie sine* department by representatives of some of the European governments as to the prospect for an early termination of tlic present condition* in Mexico, which ate imposing grievous burdens upon foreign interests There is no evfdenie that these In quiries have had any effect upon the development of the administrations policy in regard to Mexico. There is much unofficial talk however, of a piobable early lecognitlgn of the fact that the constitutionalists nre in pos session of more than half of the coun try. Administration officials here are looking for some important develop ments as a result of the extraordi narily successful campaign of the conv Btitutionalists and every precaution is being taken to make certain the pro tection of foreign lives and property at the scene of the trouble. The navy has a fleet of 10 warships on the east ern const of Mexico. On the west coast, twice as extensive and with almost* no means of communication by rail, how ever, the American naval force is much below the needs of the situation, hence It was announced today two gunboats. Hie Yorktown at San Francisco and the Raleigh at Bremerton, were sailing for Mexicay waters. Thomas Continues 111 Nashville, December 5.—No improvement is noted tonight In tne condition of John W. Thomas. Jr., president of the Nash ville, Chattanooga and St. Louis railway, who is critically ill at his home here. Physicians are constantly In attendance and grave apprehension for his recovery Is felt. TODAY’S AGE-HERALD 1— Heflin clashes with Alabama women on suffrage question. Federals fleeing pursued by rebels. Prohibit shipping of arms into Ire land. Taft decides rate problem in favor of railroads. Fifty believed killed in flood. 2— Citizens agree that city should get re- ' glonal bank. 3— South finds flaw In primary sugges- i tibn. 4— Editorial comment. 5— Policeman Moore dead from wounds. Judge Lane replies to Spain. Hopeful that extra . session will be called. Wiggins to head city's detectives. 6— Society. 7— Sports. 10— Delegates refuse to change name of conference. 11— Stevenson sees need of reform In Jef ferson. 13— Markets. 14— Trade lower in industrial lines. VftArv^V f. rMK£ UP OLDMAN OR YOUR UE'GUGOk ZV/4.1. (,'& V - For First Time Grasps Net tle of Revolution in Ulster—Steps Toward Conciliation liOiirlon, llecvpiher ft.—-The British 1‘nliluH, by n royal proclamation pro mulgated tonight prohibiting the Im portation of arms and am mu nil ion Into Ireland, for the first time grasped the nettle of the revolution in Ulster, which It had hitherto Ignored, although the followers of Sir Edward Carson for months have been advertising their military’ prepnrations In every possible wav and daring Interference with them. Almost at the time of publication of tlie proclamation Premier Asquith made the longest step toward the conciliation of the Ulsterites that tlie government has taken by announcing his acceptance of the prin ciples of a basis of agreement which Sir Edward Carson suggested in his last speech. These principles are: 1. That the settlement must not be humiliating or degrading to Ulster. 2. Ulster's treatment must not be dif ferent or exceptional from that meted out to the ytlier parts of the United Kingdom. 3. Ulster might retain full protection of the imperial Parliament. v 4. The home rule bill must not be such as to lyad to ultimate separation of Ul ster from Great Britain. Extends Olive Branch Thus the government extends to the* signers of the Ulster covenant the olive branch. The proclamation prohibiting the impor tation of arms and ammunition into Ire land, which King George signed at a meeting of the privy council Thursday, and Which is published in the Royal Ga zette tonight, was milder than rumors had anticipated it would be. -Instead of re viewing the Irish crimes act, so odious to the old-time home rulers against whom It was directed, which prohibited the carrying of arms and gave drastic power of search for arms, it invoked the cus toms consolidation act of 187*i. The only reason given in the proclama tion for taking the step Is the statement, “whereas, it is expedient that the impor tation into Ireland of arms and ammuni tion and other goods hereinafter men* (Continued on l*nge Ten) / ..... > - The House Spends Most of Day Discussing the Measure • • Washington. December 5.—The House spent most of the day discussing thu southern omnibus claims bill carrying a total of $1,729,000 for claims grow ing out of damage to person's or prop erty during the civil war. A filibuster, led by Representative Mann of Illinois, the republican leader, prevented ac tion on the bill, which, however, proba bly will come up again next‘'Friday. Democratic leader Underwood took personal charge of the fight for tho payment of the claims and served no tice on the republicans that wh«n the opportunity offered the bill would be passed by the House regardless of dila tory tactics ot any other opposition from the minority. The bill carries $1,191,000 for indi vidual claims for stores and supplies: $♦86,000 for claims on account of dam age to churches, colleges and other buildings, and $51,000 for miscellaneous claims, all in accord with the findings of the court of claims. 7000 ROUNDS OF AMMUNITION FOUND CONCEALED ON MEN New York, December 6.—The jerky walk of two firemen going aboard the Ward liner Matanzas today attracted the attention of customs inspectors. They searched the two and found on each 7000 rounds of ammunition clever erly concealed in canvas vests. The ammunition was confiscated. The Matanzas is due to sail for Havana on December 11. It is thought the ammunition was Intended for the rebels in Mexican territory. TAFT DECIDES RATE PROBLEM IN FAVOR Shippers Fail to Show Dis crimination Against Cin cinnati in Rates South, Says Opinion Cincinnati, December 5.—City shippers and civic organizations failed to make out a case in their charges that the Cin cinnati, New Orleans and Texas Paclfift railroad was discriminating against Cin cinnati in freight rates, according to the opinion of former President Taft of the United States. He was attorney for the trustees of the Cincinnati Southern railway and practi cally was referee in the rates contrc versy. Mr. Taft's#decision rendered today ex pressed the opinion that the petitioners had not presented a showing sufficient to warrant the trustees of the Cincinnati Southern, which is owned by the city, taking action against the Cincinnati. New Orleans and Texas Pacific company, to which it is leased. Mr. Taft said, however, that If the pe titioners could furnish available trus tees with additional evidence the trustees might consider It. Character of Evidence Needed This evidence would be how much move ment from the south to Cincinnati there is over the lessee's line in the commodi ties specified; how conditions properly af fecting the reasonableness of rates differ, if at all, as between northbound and southbound traffic, and how far the dif ferences in rates complained of really acutely affects the business interests of Cincinnati as a whole. The petitioners claimed that the trus tees have tlic right to forfeit the lease if the lessee company was discriminating on rates. Mr. Taft* In his opinion, further says: “If after receiving the additional evi dence your conclusion is in the affirma tive, 1 advise you that your duty would be to bring the proceeding. “If you are doubtful and think suc cess is not oloar, I advise you to notify I the petitioners that you do. not fpel I Justified in taking the action they ask but that you will await the result of their own proceedings before he-interstate com merce commission, and that In the event of a favorable finding by*the commission you will then give all the assistance the lease affords in tlie enforcement of it* covenants. Lower Than Similar Kates “It fairly appears that the rate.* now in effect from Cincinnati to Chattanooga Upon the numbered classes ate lower than similar rates prescribed by the railroad commissions of most states in the south. •‘They are as low and usually lower than tlie interstate rates made by south ern roads for similar distances." While Mr Taft was the attorney for the trustees, yet the attorneys for the railroud and the shippers agreed to abide by his decision. The case plates back 22 years and has been before the supreme court of the I'nited Slates twice and the commerce ! court once, each time being sent legally back by lack of Jurisdiction. [OFFICE fit OF DR. KNABE PLACED ON STAND BY DEFENSE Katherine McPherson De scribes Finding of Wom an’s Body—Photograph of Craig Identified Shelbyville, Ind., December 5.* Miss Katherine McPherson, office girl for Dr. Helene Knabe, fcrr whose murder Dr. William B. Craig is on trial here, late today was placed on the witness stand by tlie state. The witness described the: finding of Dr. Khabe's body, the condi tion iof the flat and her employer's habits. Miss McPherson testified that she had Ber n Dr. Craig In Dr. Knabe’s apartments twice and had seen the former bring her employer in his automobile to the house several times. She identified a photo graph of Dr. Craig and hiB daughter. Marion, as one which Marion had*glven to Dr. Knabe. That witness said that when she en tered in the room in which Dr. Knabe bad met death, the window curtain was raised about one foot from bottom of the window-. Tiie state insisted upon this tes timony, it was said, on the theory that when Joseph Carr, a previous witness, passed the house Dr. Knabe was being murdered. Saw No Light Carr on cross-examination today de clared that when he passed the apartment house in which Dr. Knabe lived, lie heard screams, but declared he saw no light in 1 any of the rooms. The state contends that the murderer had ‘pulled down the i curtain and waft cutting Dr. Knabe* throat when Carr passed. Hater, It is contended, the slayer returned to the tlat. raised the curtain and turned on the electric lights. Dr. Knabe's kimono which the state attempted to get before the jury yester day and which was found in possession of an Indianapolis undertaker, was Identi-" fled by Miss McPherson. She said the last time she had seen the garment it was “a pretty navy blue with poppy flowers and now' it looks like* u fad<*d rag.” The state contends that the garment. 1 was washed with chemlculs to take out blood-stains, after it had been carried awa.N from Dr. Knabe’s office. When Miss McPherson was turned over to the defense, she was "excused after a few questions. PROTEST AGAINST EXECUTING WOMAN Hundreds Ask Governor to Stay Mrs. Wakefield’s _ Sentence Hartford, Conn., December 5. i^ei ters protesting against the execution j on March 4. next, of the death sen tence of Mrs. Bessie Wakefield for the [murder of her husband, continue, to! poor into the governor's office. Fif teen hundred were received yesterday nnri 600 up to noun today. Practical!'/ (ail of these are from outsiri« of the state, the greater number coming from t he West. Hundreds »>f the^c letters are idled up on the desk of the gove* nor and many of them unopened as yet because of lack of opportunity on the part of the clerical forces. Governor Baldwin has frequently said that he has no authority to par don Mrs. Wakefield or mitigate her sentence. He Is a member of the board of pardons, having on« vote. A par don granted by the board must be unanimous vote No petition for pardon or oonvmuk ’ion of sentence has hem filed by Mrs. Wakefield’s attorney. The board of pardons meets on Monday, | but the Wakefield case will not come ; up. The next regular meeting ot the board is in June. n\/LD h TLiniiOAMn ^ I _ ! Swollen Texas Rivers Tak ing Big Death Toll and Causing Untold Suffering MANY PLANTERS REFUSE TO LEAVE STRICKEN HOMES Late Reports Add' to Enormity of Flood Disaster—Property Loss May Total $5,000,000—For mer Alabamian Drowned Near Bryan ♦ ^ * DEATH 1,1ST OF t * THE TEXAS FLOOD * * Bryan and vicinity. Including j * Hearne, about 20. * * Belton 5. * * Brown wood 1. * * Dallas 3. a * Grand Prairie 1. • f Highhank 6 tneprot > * Austin 3. * * Warn 3. A * Temple 1. * * Marlin 1. • f San Antonio 1. A f Batrop 1. * $ Valley Junction L A i ♦ Bryan,1 Tf\., December \ dent ft IIM of more than 50, with score* of flood refugee* "pending tonight In imminent peril nnd po**lhl.v n thou*nnd other* marooned nnd *nffer|ng from prolonged hunger nnd eold, wan indl ented by tonight** report* front the flooded Ilra/.o* river bottom* In thin *eet lon of mouth central Texan. For over 50 mile* I he Hra/o* wn* three to five mile* wide and running with mill rare speed. The known dead in Texas floods num bered 33 hlfore reports from the inun dated territory In this district began com ing in late today, brought by men on horseback, which was about the only re liable means of communication. These couriers’ reports Indicated at least 20 more lives lost. About two-thirds of the drowned wi*rc negroes. The riders’ reports Indicated that the property loss would total $4,000,000 or $5, 000,000, when losses along the Brazos are added to the already heavy damage in other portions of the state. WELL KNOWN RAILROAD OFFICIAL DROWNED Henry Martin, vice president and gen eral manager of the International and Great Northern railroad, was drowned at Valley Junction, near here, late today, while attempting to rescue marooned flood victims. Mr. Martin went to Valley Junc tion, where the confluence of the Little and Pig Brazos rivers made a swirling lake six miles across, to personally di rect the road s relief forces, and was at tempting to navigate a boat alone when the frail cruft was upset. His body has not been recovered. Six members of the Galveston life saving crew and a train load of motor boats from Houston, which were to have (Continued on I'ngc Kleven) SUNDAY’S AGE-HERALD Tin* Age-Herald tomorrow will contain some unusually Interesting feature*, among them# being the following: B. F. Yoakum, one of the greatest rail road men in America, describes his project for the low grade railroad from the Mississippi valley to Colon on the Pan ama canal. James Morgan will begin oM of the most remarkable features ever under taken by a newspaper, entitled, “In the Path of Napoleon." He describes his jO.hOu mile trip taken 100 years after Napoleon’s downfall to all the scents of the great Emperor’s life activities. Bill Vines writes tomorrow on ‘ Fighting the Trusts." Frank G. Carpenter’s subject is, "With Roosevelt in South America." Osborn Marshall writes an inspiring story on *‘A Dressmaker Who Does Big Things.” C. F. Marked writes on "The Bruin City in tlie Heart of Helvetia." A classic in a page Js "The Duke of Milan.” by Philip Massinger. Articles by women writers will include: " ‘Homemade’ Christina- Presents Aug ment the Peripatetic Band.” by Dolly Dal rymple. "All the World’s a Stag**." by Karl Kaffer "Alamuchee, On** of the New Consoli dated Schools of Sumpter County,” by Flora Milner Harrison. “Mothers and Their Daughters,’’ by Marion Harland. "A Trip of Southern Town -Greensboro,’* by Mrs. J. B. Reid • ~ On i1' editorial l,aiure page will be tin* following: ‘ A Revolution in An * rica s School Sys tem.'' b> Richard Spillane. ' Lafayette’s Reception 111 Alabama,” by I)r. B. F. Riley. The Domestic Cat,” by Dr. W. E. Evans. ’Von* •■'•nine Tab- -xil by Dr. George Eaves. * “Heart to ’Let Ta!'. I*v James N Lui ie. Some of the illustiated feature articles from European capital- include the fol lowing. 1-lsbon—"Dr. Affoasu Costa. Dh tator of Portugal,” by Earnest I.. Heitkamp Ijondon—"Great Brain Specialist Indicts Women Suffragists." by E L. Scott. St Peter shore “Grand Duke foil stun* tiro < New ReltgL" - If s * i Offends the Hold Synod.” by Julius Ostman. Tie « utc • •* t«n 111 coles will tell all a ut Lm1'!* Angd rhild. old Doo Yak and the other funny people. The Age-HeraU1 is the only Sunday newspaper in Birmingham carrying the dispatches of the Associated Press, the greatest news gathering organisation ia the world.