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The Birmingham age-herald. [volume] (Birmingham, Ala.) 1902-1950, December 07, 1913, EDITORIAL SECTION, Image 28

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K. W. BARRETT.Killtor
Entered at the Birmingham. Ala.,
postoffice as second class matter under
act of Congress March 3, 1S7U.
Daily and Sunday Age-Herald-$8.00
Daily and Sunday per month.70
Daily and Sunday, three months.. 2.00
Weekly Age-Herald, per annum... .60
Sunday Age-Herald. 2 00
A. J. Eaton, Jr., and O. E. Young are
the only authorized traveling repre
sentatives of The Age-Herald in its cir
culation department.
No communication will be published
without its author's name. Rejected
manuscript will not be returned unless
stamps are enclosed for that purpose.
Remittances can be made at current
rate of exchange. The Age-Herald will
not be responsible for money sent
through tlie mails. Address,
Birmingham, Ala.
Washington bureau, 207 Hibbs build
European bureau, 0 Henrietta street,
Covent Garden, London.
Eastern business office. Rooms 48 to
60, inclusive. Tribune building. New
Y'ork city; Western business office.
Tribune building, Chicago. The S. C.
Beckwith Special Agency, agents for
Igu advertising.
Bell {private exchange connecting nil
departments), 31alu 41MMJ.
If It prove ho, then living; poes by haps;
Some Cuphls kill wllli arrows, Home
with traps.
_Much Ado About Nothing.
Alabama’s Power Development
Alabama has long ranked high
femong the richly endowed common
wealths of the union, but until recent
years Alabama water power, one of
the most potential factors in the
state’s present and future develop
ment, had not been appreciated at
anything near its full value.
One reason for this is that only
within the last decade has the water
power industry emerged from the
experimental stage; but now modern
water power development is recog
nized to be of epoch-making impor
tance in America and is favorably
compared with the locomotive and the
telegraph in commercial importance.
And as in the case of the manufacture
of iron and steel, and other wealth
producing commodities, vast capital
combinations are being , formed
throughout the country for the pur
pose of gaining control of water
power resources in certain sections
with a view to full development and
thorough application of cheap elec
tricity to economic needs. Gigantic
work of a practical nature has al
ready been done in this connection,
but a much greater portion of the task
remains to be accomplished; and for
this vast enterprise' both English and
American capitalists are now organiz
ing and accumulating reserve power
while getting the “lay of the land,”
60 to speak.
Alabama’s peculiar natural advan
tages in the field of power production
have for some years been attracting
widespread attention among promoters
and capitalists in Europe as well as
this country. The Alabama conserva
tion commission estimates that wit !
in this state one million horse-power
can be harnessed for industrial pur
poses. This is almost one-half of the
applied water power of the nation!
This great natural power taken to
gether with the state’s known eco
nomic advantages has drawn and will
continue to draw world-wide appre
The Art of Toast mastering
Everyone is familiar with the
phrase, “a born story-teller.” There
never was a truer saying, for, like
the more-palpitant poets, story-tellers
are born and not made. Fortunate is
the man who recognizes this fact and
spares his friends those painful ef
forts at which they are supposed to
laugh, but find great difficulty in do
ing so. And while it is true, that good
Story-tellers sometimes made good
toastmasters, that is not always the
ease. The similarity of j,he two is that
the toastmaster of parts, like the
story-teller, is born and not made.
,Some men have a natural gift at pro
moting the flow of reason and the
feast of soul that is presumably found
at all banquets worthy of the name,
' while others fail lamentably.
The man who essays the difficult
task of “toastmastering” for the first
time, even when he feels deep down
in his heart that he is destined some
day, or night, to become famous in
that role, suffers an attack of “stage
fright” that would make the average
novice on the stage feel almost calm
by compaiison. Your true toastmas
ter is a “creator.” In popular par
lance, he must “produce,” he must
"deliver” the goods, the children of
his own brain, before his reputation
is reasonably secure.
A toastmaster can sometimes get
through an evening fairly well by
using “borrowed stuff,” but the
chances are that he will be found out
End will so decline in the estimation
of his acquaintances that he will
never again be called on to act in that
capacity. But the toastmaster who
scintillates on his own initiative, who
has a keen sense of humor, a ready
tongue and some knowledge of the
foibles of his fellow man will never
lack opportunities to preside. He will
be much sought after. If the juice of
the grape seasons but does not ob
fuscate his wit, so much the greater
will be his fame and there is no telling
how many times he will see his pictu.e
in the papers.
Perfecting Underwood Organization
From the very time that Oscar W.
Underwood announced his candi
dacy for the United States Senate
he was recognized as the logical man
for the high honor, and as the cam
paign progresses democrats in every
part of the state are enthusiastic in
their support and feel assured of a
large majority over Captain Hobson,
Mr. Underwood’s only opponent. He
is the logical candidate because of
his splendid achievements in the
House of Representatives and his
especial equipment for service in the
upper house of Congress. Any man
who wins nation-wide fame as a
statesman sheds luster upon his state.
Mr. Underwood, by his able leader
ship, has greatly strengthened the
democratic party, and not in recent
years has Alabama had a democrat
of his acknowledged influence or ca
pacity for sustained parliamentary
work. Not only is Alabama’s illus
trious son a constructive statesman,
but his democracy is simon pure.
The great majority ot democrats
of Alabama can be trusted to vote
for a stanch party man such as Mr.
Underwood has been and always will
be. It is simply a question of the
size of the vote he will receive. Ilis
supporters are organizing in every
county in the state with a view of
rolling up a record breaking majority.
His followers need not be vociferous
or noisy, but every Underwood man
should manifest a lively interest in
the campaign and should keep his
shoulder well to the wheel. There
must be no apathy in any part of the
Mr. Underwood is at his post of
duty in Washington, but he will re
turn to Alabama during the holidays
and make many addresses and meet
personally thousands of voters. In the
meantime, his friends who have under
taken to make his organization a
model of compactness and efficiency,
will leave nothing undone that will
promote the Underwood cause.
Needing Legislative Action
Sydney J. Bowie writes a letter to
The Age-Herald, which will be found
on another page, pointing out and dis
cussing with characteristic clarity
and vigor two important matters call
ing for legislative action, in addition
to Birmingham’s financial distress
and the fee system.
In view of the demand for an extra
session of the legislature in the near
future, Mr. Bowie emphasizes Ala
bama’s standing in relation to illit
eracy. This state is practically at the
bottom. The only way the rural public
schools of Alabama can be helped is
for the voters to be given the right
to tax themselves in their school dis
tricts for school improvement. The
framers of the constitution seemed to
have been afraid to trust the people
in the matter of school taxation. That
was one of the serious mistakes the
constitutional convention of 1901
made. Two bills to submit to the peo
ple a school district taxing amend
ment have failed, but the last time
only a very slight majority was re
corded against this measure.
With a reasonably active campaign
of education there could be scarcely
any doubt of the measure referred to
passing the next time the legislature
was in session. An amendment to the
constitution would in time put Ala
bama in a class with the best rural
school states, and in the course of a
few years the table of illiteracy would
be materially changed.
The other question that Mr. Bowie
discusses is that of the cumulative
poll tax. It is estimated that about
one-half of the white men of Ala
bama of voting age are disqualified
because of poll tax arrears. Many
men through inadvertence owe poll
taxes dating from the time the con
stitution was adopted until now. Until
the law has been changed Alabama’s
electorates will continue to fall away,
and of course, everyone can see that
such a condition does not promote
patriotism or a public spirited citi
Music Festival Next Spring
When the voters some weeks ago
authorized the city commission to
issue $200,000 in 5 per cent bonds,
for an auditorium, it was hoped by
those interested in large affairs that
the building would be near enough
completed by May or June as to be
available for a festival. The Music
Study club stood ready to get up a
monster festival, and for that pur
pose to invite choruses in all the
cities of Alabama to come and take
part in a grand consolidated chorus.
But since it is seen that the ground
for the auditorium will not be broken
for some weeks yet, all thought of
having the building ready in time for
a spring or an early summer event,
has been dropped. Now as the dif
ferent choral organizations of Bir
mingham are doing good work under
one and the same director, Rienzi
Thomas, the Music Study club should
be encouraged to give a festival in
one of the theatres next April or May.
There is ample time for rehearsing
one or two large works, and with the
assistance of a first class symphony
orchestra such a festival could be
made of surpassing excellence.
It has been several years now since
Birmingham has had a large festival
chorus. Concert-goers are particu
larly fond of symphonic music, but
a real festival must have in addition
to a great orchestra a large and well
trained chorus. Such a festival held
in the coming spring would give the
Music Study club experience that
would stand it in good stead when it
came to getting up and managing a
still larger festival in the spring of
The latest Oxford movement is an asso
ciation of learned professors to encourage
the campaign for the speaking and writ
ing of pure English started by the poet
laureate, Robert Bridges. It is supported,
by Thomas Hardy, the novelist, and Sir
Walter Raleigh, professor of English lit
erature at Oxford university, and other
prominent men. A London special to the
New York Sun says the exact objects of
the society have not yet been announced,
but it is understood that there wilf be
lectures and publications in favor of the
purity of the written and spoken lan
guage and against the incorporation of
foreign words. An effort will be made to
make polite speech consist of terse, vig
orous English words Instead of elaborate
derived synonyms and accurate pronti
ciation as "nftycher" for “nature,” which
the poet laureate cited as a typical ex
ample of the manner In which the speech
of educated English persons is being de
plorably changed.
Suspicious farmer folk of Daretown,
N. Y., region believe they s »e an omen oT
war in the visitation of a large golden
eagle, a rare bird for this part of the
country, which was slain near there a few
days ago by Russell Tarpine, a farmer.
Old residents tell of having seen the “war
bird” in similar flight near Daretown be
fore the outberak of the rebellion anti also
some months before this country declared
war upon Spain, and they are now pre
dicting that the United States will clash
with Mexico. The wings of the "war
bird” when stretched measured seven
feet from tip to tip.
Probably the largest single insurance
transaction in history has been put
through by a Canadian concern. The pol
icy to be written is for upward of $100,
000,000. The property being insured is
valued at between $112,000,000 and $115,000.
000, and belongs to the Canadian Pacific
Railway company. Five big insurance
syndicates, among them the largest com
pany In the British Empire, arc interested
in the deal.
The supreme court of North Dakota,
has decided that the law forbidding the
sale of snuff in that state is unconsti
tutional. The suspense of the “dippers”
while this important matter was being
decided must have been terrible.
Two firemen who tiled to slip aboard a
ship in New York were betrayed by their
“jerky walk.” An investigation showed
that they were wearing 7000 rounds of am
munition. No wonder their gait was
rather uneven. %
This week will be crowded with Christ
mas shopping and next week will be even
more so. No matter how early we shop,
the time will never come when Christmas
week w'ill be quiet or featureless in the
retail district.
Colonel Goethals politely declined Day
ton’s offer of a job. Well, Dayton got
the advertising and the colonel has a
more ambitious task ahead of him; so, as
they say in politics, “Everything is
A policeman made the serious mistake
of striking a player at an eastern foot
ball game, and was roughly handled. He
couldn’t have been worse treated, in fact,
if he had been running with the ball.
The suggestion that all poisonous drugs
be put up in ji triangular bottle is a good
one. and nobody will object, so long as
no change is made in th^ shape of the
little brown jug.
President Wilson, after doctoring him
self a day for a cold, is hard at work
again, but he likes his job an£ does not
complain of the wear and tear.
Tiie man who stole some' counterfeit
money from a Toronto store was an un
desirable alien who didn’t know any bet
The cooler weather will be welcomed
by merchants and others—by all except
the poor whose coal houses are empty.
Representative J. Thomas Heflin showed
unmistakable courage by trying to out
talk three women at once.
Poet Riley will seek for better health
In Florida. A sunny man to a sunny
From the Chicago News.
Some men's religion is only skin deep.
As a cure, no patent medicine can equal
a sinecure.
A wise widow* may pose as a man hater
for a purpose.
Some girls are born blondes and some
others acquire blondness.
No girl is as thoughtless as a young
widow’ can pretend to be.
Be sure you’re right before telling the
other fellow he is wrong. *
A woman with a secret sorrow is in
teresting—until she turns it loose.
If a girl isn’t married at 30, it’s up to
her to cut out flirtation and get busy.
Nothing pleases some of us more than
being able to convey bad news to others.
Nothing makes a girl so tired ns sitting*
close to the plaster for hours at a ball.
Every man should like his wife's rela
tives, but we have yet to see a moving
picture of the man who does.
A bachelor who is looking for variety
can find it by exchanging a little of his
coin for a marriage license.
The man who can pass a dog fight on
the street without stopping to rubber
possesses a brand of dignity that is sel
dom seen outside a lunatic asylum.
Hotel Mnn Delighted With City
FredAB. Sheriman, assistant manager
of Louisville’s leading hotel, the Seel
bach, spent 'yesterday in Birmingham on
his way farther south with a hunting
party. He was Oscar C. Turner’s guest
at a luncheon at the Southern club.
“This is my first visit,” said Mr. Sheri
man, “and I am greatly delighted with
this city. I had long heard great things
of Birmingham; of its phenomenal growtn
and general prosperity, but it surpasses
all my expectations. This is one of the
most beautiful cities I have ever visited.
No wonder Birmingham people are proud
of it.
“I have been admiring the magnificent
12-story hotel—the Tutwiler—which will
be completed and occupied within the
next few months. It is one of the hand
somest hotels in this country, and the
'company owning it has been most for
tunate in leasing it to the United Hotels
company. I knbw the officials of the
leasing concern. They are high-class gen
tlemen, and are thorough hotel men. They
will give Birmingham a splendid hotel
service. The United Hotels company,
too, is to be congratulated upon getting
the Tutwiler, for it will undoubtedly
pay them. A hotel of the Tutwiler class
is sure to lie profitable in a city like
this, provided the right sort of men run
it. I repeat, the company building the
hotel was lucky in leasing it to men
who are markedly successful in conluct
ing high-class hotels In the east.”
IS Hall Trade Good**”
“The long spell of warm weather has
affected to some extent various lines of
business, yet notwithstanding that fact
merchants as a rule have been, quite
busy this season/’ said JTelix M. Drennen
of ttie Drennen'•company*
“From our point of view the Birming
ham district is enjoying a great deal of
prosperity. We were busy all through
the fall, and now the holiday trade is
very brisk indeed. The change in the
weather will help all mercantile people, o;
My prediction is that 1914 will bring
this district even more solid prosperity
than it has had in the present year.
When we look the country over wei ought
to be glad that we are living in such
a progressive and thrifty section. The
Birmingham district is the best that I
know' of, and I believe that everybody
here will agree with me,"
IHany Church Ha/.art*
“With the near approach of the Christ
mas holiday comes the usual church ba
zars and confer ‘pots’ for the purpose
of securing funds to seq^thcrt: the poor
of the city have a pleasant Christmas/’
said a suburbanite.
“It seemed that a church from some
section of the city was holding a bazar
on almost every downtown street dur
ing the week just closed. And, my, how
the public did patronize thorn all! Every
place I passed had its quota of pretty
misses with smiling faces, and comely j
matrons with fUusJhed faces, and allj
seemed perfectly happy that their bazar
whs such a success.
“I noticed in one of the papers a few
days ago that the* restaurants of the
city were planning to complain to the
city commissioners of these church din
ners. Well, if the restaurant men can
not stand competition two or three weeks
or a month out of 12, and especially com
petition which gives all the money it I
secures to a worthy cause, I think they I
should try some other city. We have I
no place in Birmingham for such un
charitable persons, for Birmingham's rep
utation as a city of generous people must
be maintained.”
Extra SommIoii Talk
“The confidence of some of the com
mittee which called upon the governor of
j the state last Thursday that the chief ex
ecutive will call an extra session of the
legislature, gives me great hope/’ said a
well known merchant yesterday.
“There is no doubt in my mind nor have j
I encountered anyone of my friends who |
have been at all doubtful, as to the neces- j
sity of an extra session. I have talked
privately to several of the members of
the committee that appeared before the
governor at the Morris hotel and every1!
mail has said that he was as absolutely j
confident as he could he without’ actually i
knowing, that the governor would call the 1
extra session. No man is a fair judge
of his own case, they say, but T hope
these men are not mistaken in their be
Praises HiNhofi Hendrix
“I read with strong approval the ad-1
vice which Bishop Ilendrix, of the M.
E. Church, south, to give young ministers
to refrain from participating in political1
fights,” said W. N. Malone. “The bishop
said that there was nothing religious ini I
senatorial or other political contests, or!
words to that effect, and he was certainly
“Bishop Hendrix is one of the greatest
men we have ever had in the Methodist
church. lie is a broad gauged man, is a
man of fine business sense, Is a scholar
of high reputation and i3 one of the most
eloquent preachers that ever stood in a
pulpit. The next time the bishop comes
to Birmingham I hope he will be able
to accept an invitation to preach at the
South Highlands Methodist church at
Five Points.”
Death Roll of Railroad Presidents
“With the death of Mr. Finley, presi
dent of the Southern railway and the
Alabama Great Southern railroad, and
tho death of Mr. Emerson, president of
the Atlantic Coast Line on the same day
recently,4one is sadly impressed with the
number of railroad executives that have
passed away in a comparatively short
space of time,” said Paschal G. Shook.
“The entire south was startled by the j
death of Samuel Spenser, president of j
the Southern, nine or 10 years ago. Then j
came the death of Mr. Harahan, presi- j
dent of the Illinois Central, who had j
taken great interest in Birmingham and
who had many friends here. Major Han- j
son, president of the Central of Georgia,
who died a few years ago, was one of the j
most successful railroad executives in the I
south. Colonel Russell, for many years!
prominently connected with the Mobile j
and Ohio, was one of Alabama’s ablest j
men and his death was greatly lamented. |
“The late John W. Thomas, president '
of the Nashville, Chattanooga and St.
Louis, while not so well known in Bir
mingham, was highly esteemed by all
southerners w'ho knew of his ability. I
am sorry to see that Mr. Thomas’ son,
whq succeeded him, is now very ill. Mr.
Parrott, who died very recently, was, as
president of the Florida and East Coast
Railway company, a strong lieutenant oft
Mr. Flagler.
“These railroad officials have all been
upbuilders of the south, and they are all
greatly missed.”
Mr. Garland Makes SuRgcHtlon
“Mr. Solon Jacobs has charge of a
i petition that is being signed by thousands
lot Alabarpiaus asking; tjuy Wilson ..admin
istration to have dismissed the suit seek
T HE Christmas, spirit is already en
veloping the land and Birmingham
and Jefferson county are not back
ward in asking for that which they desire
in their stockings.
Were the governor of Alabama to be
come imbued with the real Santa Claus
spirit he would announce the calling of
an extra session of the legislature after
the Christmas holidays to relieve the dis
tress not only hereabouts, but the em
barrassing condition of tbe state s affaiis
generally. The talented statesmen of the
Alabama legislature really deserve an op
portunity to show themselves in practi
cal legislation when such is needed. The
leaders can be trusted to hold the small
boys down to real business and to elimi
nate personalities and petty politics.
, ¥ * *
Birmingham is climbing the hill toward
the crest where it promises to b.ecome a
great city. In its progress it is handi
capped by a lack of commissary supplies.
It needs the clothing and food and imple
ments of warfare to ^conquer necessities
consequent to growth. It needs more
money for maintenance of government
and law and order, and for its corpora
tion self to keep pace with the advance
movement of Its individual citizens. It
needs more street lights, more paved
streets, many, many more policemen,
fome more fire department equipment,
more force to clean its streets, more
money for charities, more hospital space, j
more schools and more things of all kinds ;
that go to make a great city. Its real j
property should legally be permitted to!
pay for these things.
* * *
I am glad to observe that an Alabama
or a Birmingham district spirit is being |
aroused to get the proposed government
armor plate plant here. The flrst thing
we want to do is to aid in getting a bill
through Congress for an armor plate
plant. It is a government necessity. Then
get the plant located in Alabama, where
we have all the material needed, the
climate and the labor. Don’t let us scrap
over the adjacent town to Birmingham In
which it shall be located. The govern
ment experts will select the site best j
suited after provision is made to locate it
in the iron district of Alabama. It must
be here or in Pennsylvania, Ohio or
Illinois, and we are nearer the great pro
posed naval center at Norfolk than any
other point in view.
* *
Apropos the discussion between the
coroner and Commissioner Bane about
the killings and murders in the Birming
ham district, why not every law officer
and citizen do his duty toward enforcing
the concealed weapon law. Enforce this
law' to the letter. To do so a start should
be made with police officers and deputy
sheriffs. I*et the policeman and the dep
uty sheriff entitled to carry a weapon ^
carry it exposed in a holster, Just as do
cavalrymen in the nrmy. No soldier car
ries his weapon of defense concealed. The
deputy sheriff and the plain clothes po
liceman should likewise wear his badge
of office as well as his weapon exposed.
There have been killings in this district
where the legal guardian was thought to
be a highwayman rather than an officer
because his pistol and badge of'office were
not exposed.
If policemen and sheriffs would set the
example they could well require men
who must bear arms for protection to get
a permit for the same and carry the pis
tol strapped in a holster to their body.
Men who want to carry them otherwise
should be searched and arrested. If the
better element of people would set the
example and officers would not hesitate
to walk upon the streets and quietly feel
about persons for concealed pistols the
negro and reckless element would as
quickly discard the pistol as the women
did the bustle some twenty years ago
when a new style was set.
Why not let's enforce the style of not
carrying pistols in this Birmingham dls*.
trict. When we do we will not have to
read of so many killings. Bet's start jit
the seat of the disease.
adrift with the times
“There comes Mrs. Gadson. She’s my
bete noire.”
“Indeed! I had no idea that you were
ever related.”
“The idea that a sick man always falls
in love with his pretty nurse is arrant
“Shhh! old man. That's how I met my
In a little country village
Lived the charming Eloise;
Then there came a circus fellow
Who performed on the trapeze.
—Detroit Times.
She was in a box, and he was
Doing stunts to cause a stir
When the rope broke, and that's how the
Trapeze guy fell in with her.
—Houston Post.
Eloise, the darling, nursed him
Rack to life and health and hope,
But her lather caught and cursed him
When they started to elope.
“A man who was given his choice of
going to jail or going to prohibition
Kansas, decided to go to jail.”
“Hum! Ha! Ferhaps he was not famil
iar with conditions in prohibition Kan
A fresh air fiend to Hades went—
That was the place where he was sent
On parting from this vale of tears,
Where he had lingered sixty years.
Arriving there he gave a sniff.
His ghost became erect and stiff
And then, as mad as mad could be,
Old Satan's self he asked to see.
And coming on that sombre king,
Who sat beside a lava spring,
Said, “Sir, my name is Henry Pierce.
The ventilation here is fierce.
" Tis time that some one made complaint,
The air has a decided taint;
I never could a place endure,
I’nless the atmosphere was pure.”
Forthwith the devil ’gan to smile,
His wrath concealed with smoothest guile;
Then with a snarl made this retort,
“Slave! Hell is not a health resort!
“Come forth, ye Imps, and souse him
In brimstone lakes and let him stpep
Where sulphur fumes roll thick and fast
And then in lower dungeons cast."
And as they led poor ITcn. away.
Those horrid minions heard him say,
“I always opened windows wide
And slept that way before I died.
“Oh, what a fate is this for me
To spend a whole eternity
Amid these noisome vapors rife,
Who led a hygienic life!"
"To succeed a man must give the peo
ple what they want."
"Either that, or make them want what
he has to give."
"Scribble snys that when he is in tha
throes of composition he forgets to eat."
"That's convenient.”
"How so?"
"The chances are that he can't eat, any
way, until he has turned out some copy."
"A poor man’s idea of the simple life is
a little farm that will support him.”
“And a rich man's Idea of the simple
life is a country estate that is a dead
loss of 1100,000 a year."
"How about that scheme Hobbs origi
nated? 1 believe lie said he would let you
in on the ground floor."
"So he did, but the next move was to
ward the cellar."
ing to dissolve the United States Steel
corporation, and I believe it would bo
well for petitions of like nature to he cir
culated for signatures in other states,”
said P. J. Garland.
“The people of Birmingham cannot
over-estimate the benefit that the Steel
corporation has been to this district. Tn
acquiring the Tennessee company vast
capital was brought Into this field for
development purposes. If the government
suit wore to result in the Tennessee com
pany being separated from the corpora
tion a real injury, In my opinion, would
be done the district.
“During the fall I spent several weeks
in Fayette county, Kentucky, my old
home, and I think a petition similar to
that being looked after by Mr. Jacobs,
would meet with much favor in the Bluo
Glass state.”
From the Cleveland Plain Dealer.
Hartford, Ct., has an interesting insti
tution called the “walk-talk.” It is mere
ly a public pilgrimage to the woods of
the city parks, where an authorized in
structor takes charge of the pedestrians
and tells them about the trees* and also
about the birds and flowers if any are to
be found.
A more admirable municipal activity is
scarcely imaginable. It tends to cogx
into the woods some who would not ven
ture forth without special inducement,
and for many others it offers an oppor
yinity for instruction in lore which has
for them a peculiar appeal. How many
there are who -would like to know the
names of the flowers and the birds and
who can find no one to inform them!
Pedestrianism is peculiarly delightful in
the cold days of the lato fall, a season
which does not afford a great variety of
natural objects for discussion. But even
in the autumn there is enough of spe
cific interest in the woods to provide texts
for many interesting discourses by the
conductor of the walk-talk.
From the Chattanooga News.
A serious situation is threatening Bir
mingham. The city government is run
ning behind financially at the rate of
about $1000 a day, the deficit being made
up from time to time by the issuance
of bonds. The reason given for the de
ficit is that the tax rate limited by law
is so small that a sufficient income is
not produced for the many departments
of a great and rapidly growing city.
The tax assessment is not more than 30
per cent of the real value. Nearly all the
appropriations have been exceeded^ That
*for schools was $200,000 a year, but it has
been exceeded by $86,000. A general cut of
salaries, including the salaries of the com
missioners, has been resolved upon and
several subsidiary offices abolished. The
city will no longer provide automobiles
or other vehicles for the chief of police,
the sanitary Inspector, etc. With all the
saving, however, only about $83,000 has
been cut off. In a rapidly growing city
like Birmingham, it is very difficult to
hold down expenses. Probably the ex
tension of the city limits so as lo cover
about 55 square miles, or about seven
times the area of Chattanooga, is partly
responsible for the extravagance. Tn
such a city there are enormous demands
ion constructiou, sewer work, fire and po
lice department, schools, health and
sanitary departments, etc. Birmingham’
was one of the first cities to adopt the.
commission form of government, but as
regards keeping the city within its in
come it seems to be a failure. While
the commission form of government un
doubtedly is an improvement over the
previous system, we have always said
that not so much depended on the form
of government as on how much the civic
spirit of the people is aroused.
Tiie Birmingham tax rate for all pur
poses is only about one-half the total tax
rate in Chattanooga. This rate in Bir
mingham obviously is much too low. The
Alabama papers arguo for the removal
of the limitation of the tax rate on cit
ies. Better than a removal would be
to place it at a more reasonable figure.
The tendency in American common
wealths now Is to secure a higher as
sessment of taxes. This will not be re
sisted if tho rate is limited, as has suc
cessfully been done in Ohio, where the
total tax allowed to be assessed In a city
is 1 per cent. Governor Harmon s sys
tem has worked well. The assessments!
have been placed on a much higher ba
sis and the result has been a larger
revenue and a better distribution of the
Form the Youth’s Companion.
The policemen of Montevideo are mostly |
of Indian origin. They are always cour
teous and polite, but they are great stick
lers for etiquette. Through ignorance of
their customs, a foreigner sometimes
finds himself in an embarassing situation.
One day last summer a well dressed
American stepped up to a policeman in
the Plaza In dependencia and said in
very good Spanish:
“Will you please tell me where the
Calle Rincon Is?”
The policeman looked haughtily at the
stranger and turned away.
The American tried again with still
more courtesy:
“Would you be so extremely kind as
to very accommodatingly tell me where
the Calle Rincon is?”
To his astonishment, the policeman re
torted :
“You have no manners, sir!”
Needless to say, the American was
quite abashed, but he had to find the
Calle Rincon, so he put the question to
a Spanish youth who was standing near.
The youth answered very cordially and
went some little distance to direct the
stranger properly. After the American
had thanked him, he asked:
“Why did the policeman refuse to an
swer me?”
“Because,” replied the youth, “when
you addressed him you neglected to take
off your hat.”
From the Living Church.
An echo of the Balkan war is found in
the report that an officer of the Bulga
rian army had offered the "Prophet's
Mantle” for sale. It turns out to be in
deed a reputed garment of “the Prophet,”
but an undergarment studded with Jewels
and long kept in the Selim mosque at
Adrlanople, as one of the most precious
relics of Islam. The Bulgarian had ap
propriated it from its glass case as one
of the “contraband of war.” It lias now
been restored to the Turkish. govern
Paris Leter to the London Telegraph.
D’Annunzio, an excellent English
scholar himself, likes to tell the following
story. One day Mme. Ida Rubinstein’s
maid, when handing him a cup of tea—
D’Annunzio’s favorite beverage, and one
whose many merits he has mentioned in
his works—ventured to ask whether tea
was not a very popular drink in England.
She had gathered that It was. she said,
by looking through English novels.
“What, do you know English?’’ asked
the poet, surprised at such erudition.
“No,” said the ingenious maid, “but when
I turn the pages of the novels T read at
every second line the word ‘the.’ it is
awful to think of the amount of it that
must be drunk in England.”
“And what did you say, Cher Maitre?”
the hearers of the anecdote never fall to
"I told her,” says the poet, with a
smile, “that it is certainly an article very
much in favor in Great Britain.”
From the Living Church.
Speaking of Turks, it is but a short step
io Cairo, where a curious decision adds
to “the laughter of nations.” Two Mo
hammedan natives quarreled, and is great
heat one cursed the religion of the other.
To court they went, and the judge, in
an ecclesiastical court it seems, declared
that, since the man had cursed his own
religion, he must be considered to have
voluntarily renounced Islam. Therefore,
as the law docs not allow a marriage
between a Mohammedan woman and a
man who Is not of that faith, the judge
ordered the man separated from his wife!
Til is is commended to our divorce law
yers in the United States!
By Brownipg.
Dervish Perish tab walked the woods one
And noted on a bough a raven's nest
Whereof each youngling gaped with cal
low beak v
Widened by want; for why? beneath the
Dead lay the mother bird, "A piteous
How shall they ’scape destruction?”
sighed the sage
—Or sage about to be, though simple
Responsive to which doubt, sudden there
An eagle downward, and behold he bore'
(Great hearted) in his talons flesh where
He stayed their craving, then resought
the sky,
“Ah, foolish, foolish me!” the observer
“Who toil and moll to eke out life,
when, lo,
Providence cares for every hungry
To profit by which lesson, home went he.
And certain days sat musing—neither
Nor drink would purchase by his handi
Then—for his head swam and his limbs
grew faint— *
Sleep overtook the unwise one, whom in
God thus admonished: “Hast thou marked
my deed? jf
Which part assigned by Providence dost
Was meant for man’s example? Should
he play 5
The helples# weakling, or the helpful
strength * ♦
[ That captures prey and saves the perish
Sluggard, avis*;, work, eat,
-lack!" j

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