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E. VV. BARRETT.Editor Entered at the Birmingham. Ala., postoffice as second class matter under act of Congress Uarcn 3, 1879. Dally and Sunday Age-Herald.... |S.00 Dally and Sunday per month.70 Daily and frxuiay, three months.. 2.00 Weekly Age*Herald, per annum. •• .50 bunday Age-Herald. 2.00 A. J. Eaton, Jr„ and O. K. Young are the only authorized traveling repre sentatives of The Age-Herald in ita cir culation department. No communication will be published Without its authors name. Rejected manuscript will not be returned unless Stamps are enclosed for that purpose. Remittances can be made at current rate of exchange. The Age-llerald will not be responsible for meuey sent through the mails. Address, THE AGE-HERALD. Birmingham. Ala. Washington bureau. 207 Hlbba build ing. European bureau, 6 Henrietta street, povent Garden, London. Eastern business office. Rooms 48 to $0, Inclusive, Tribune building. New York city; Western business office. (Tribune building, Chicago. The 8. C. Beckwith Special Ageucy, agents for ign advertising. TELEPHONE Bell (private exchange connecting all departments). Main 490®. Inspired merit *<> 1>T breath In bnrr'd: It In not no with him thn< nil tliln*n known J»n ’tin with tin Hint square »nr Burns Ity ftllOWH) Hut most It In prennmptInn In tin, when The help of henven we cniint the net ill men. _Ill’s Well That Ends Well. Fire Waste of the Fast Year The toll upon our resources taken by fire during the year that is just gone was one that should command our consideration. According to the figures just pre sented hy the New ork Jou"nal of Commerce the fire waste in the United States and Canada during 1913 to taled $224,723,000. This was a slight improvement over the previous year when the amount ran to $225,320,000. The figures for 1911 and 1910 were remarkably close to each other, being $234,337,000 and $234,470,000 respec tively. The loss by fires has more than doubled since 1897, and while 1904 is probably the most memorable in fire annals, its figures being $252,654,000, we are rapidly approaching it as the annual loss. One reason for the excellent snow ing of 1913 was the absence of any great conflagration, such as those that swept Chicago, Boston and Baltimore. The largest fire of the year was the $2,500,000 blaze at Hot Springs, Ark., but there were 4# fires reaching the half-million class. White accidents and unavoidable casualties constitute an appreciable percentage of the causes for our con flagrations, the bulk of the blame is charged to our faulty construction and perfunctory care of our buildings. These features are avoided and in tolerable in Europe and, excepting the conflagrations formerly common to the wooden cities of. Norway and Sweeden, but now decreasing, such Spectacular holocausts as those to L "hich we are almost annually treated unknown. The recent fire «t Con ^^ ntinople may possibly be classed VI an exception to this statement, but our reference is to modern and ad vanced Europe. Tl •• ' Federal Aid for Hoads 1 Congressman Shackelford’s bill just fntroduced in the House provides that the federal government distribute among the several states an annual sum not. to exceed $25,000,000 to as sist in the building and maintenance of post roads. Each state must spend a dollar for each dollar received and the amounts available from the federal treasury are to lie proportionate to the popula tion and number of miles of post roads in use. Federal aid for good roads has been discussed for many years and Presi dent Wilson and other party leaders are understood now to favor definite favorable action. Any action taken to put the rural •sections in closer communication with (each other and with the cities will re ceive the cordial approval of the whole nation. Disarmed Jingoism > Jingoism is disarmed, i Just a month ago a considerable proportion of the A'merjcan people were disturbed by unhappy dreams in which the Janapese was the villain. There was a real fear lest some fail morning he wotld come sailing out of the east with blood in his eye and • curse on his lip, would land on the western coast and proceed to murder and destroy until his vengeance had been satisfied in the knowledge that this country was no moro. And at the present time, there is no man in America so silly as to be lieve that there is the slightest ele ment of danger to the United States as regards the Japanese. For in the northern section of the island the crops have failed. And there came the eruption of a volcano carrying in his awful wake death and destruc tion of property. As a result, the -p little yellow men and women and chil dren are starving. Instead of crying for blood, they are crying for bread. No sooner was the distress signal hung out, than America rallied to meet the emergency. The President of the United States as president of the American Red Cross association sent out petitions for aid, for bread in order that the Japanese might not starve, for clothing in order that they might be protected from the weather, for money that all other necessities might be purchased. A yellow peril, indeed! The Jananese is sentitive in regard to laws framed for his exclusion. But there is no man qulfcker to show ap preciation for the heart , which throbs in sympathy with his, or the people who come to his aid when his people suffer. Jingoism is disarmed, indeed. It is well. “Raising the Bars" When the democratic executive committee of the state at its meeting January 7 “raised the bars," it ac complished more than erecting a bar rier against the participation by re publicans in the. democratic primary of April 6. As a matter of fact, as a result of that action of the committee of the party, a break between the democrats and the republicans has occurred- The former have told the latter that here after there shall be no compromise. “You go your way, and permit rne to go mine,” was the sentence implied. For a number of years, on account of the selfishness of candidates in counties and districts possessing a large percentage of republican voters, there hnB been an effort made to com promise with the republicans. The democrats have said: “Of course, you do not believe in national democracy, but you believe in me.” And the republicans, thus invited, have participated in democratic pri maries, But no good has been accom plished. The republican who votes for democratic candidates for county and district offices is never converted to the doctrine of "unqualified dem ocracy.'' It is wise, therefore, to break with them. It has been shown already that com mittees of several counties have dis played a disposition to court the friendship of the republicans despite (lie action of the state committee. No eood purpose can be conserved as a result of this policy. As soon as it becomes known that a republican must vote for a democratic candidate for President if be is to vote for bis neighbor for justice of the peace or sheriff, or coroner, or congressman, then will roa! converts begin to come Into the fold. But as long as the dem ocrats hold out the olive branch—not because they love the republican, but because they want his vote—the ad herents of the “standpatters" will con tinue to “do as they please.” ■ ■ - -— % War’s Waste of Human Life Long deferred as it will unquestion ably be the era when Bryan’s dove of peace will perch permanently upon the dome of the peace palace at The Hague is a consutrlmation devoutly to be wished. Every year the horrors of war and the terrible waste, of human life in cidental thereto are becoming more pronounced and more appalling. The figures of the census bulletin just issued of the new Bulgarian ter ritories acquired by conquest are pro vocative of a shudder at the perusal thereof and inspire commendation of the recent utterances of President Wilson that the United States will never acquire another foot of soil by conquest. These figures show that the male population of that portion of Mace donia which fell to the allotment of Bulgaria was reduced by the war from 175,000 to 42,500. In Bulgarian Thrace, out of a total of 404,000 males the slaughter left but 225,000; considerably less than half. The greatest percentage of slain, however, is to be found in the district of Mustapha Tasha, where the fight ing was the fiercest and raged the longest, for in this stricken area only 4000 males were left out of a total of 33,000. Here more than six-sev enths of the entire male population was entirely annihilated. The train of sorrow, despair, dis tress and desolation which followed this Balkan war must beggar concep tion and the atrocities which com panioned the conflict cause man to blush for humanity’s sake. May we never behold a repetition of such bar barous and bloody annals. With the Atlantic upon a rampage, the Pacific belielng Its name. Japan wreck ed by volcanos, Mexico devastated by revolution. Venezuela unable to hold an election on account of war, Michigan In the throes of a copper strike and the Rand menaced by Kaffirs It looks as If this old world Is turned topsy-turvey sure enough. Chicago Is having a hard time settling upon a practical subway plan. Birming ham can sympathize because she has her own viaduct troubles. The diplomatic wedding is supplanting in the limelight the eugenic matrimonial function. Scarcely has the announce ment of the Roosevelt-Willard approach ing marriage died away when comes the publishing of the bans for the union of the second secretary of the A,merlcan embassy at London and tlie daughter of n colonel of the Coldstream guards. John Lind, the silent, is a much sought after man. Magon, the Mexican ex-min ister of the interior, and Admiral Von Hintze, the German minister to Mexico, are seeking him for a conference. If John is no more voluble in Spanish or German than he is in English it is doubt ful if either of his visitors will profit much from the conference. The voluntary furnishing of “straws to break one's back with" is not regarded as an evidence of mental brightness, hut this is exactly what Bulgaria is doing in selling to Turkey 200,000 Mauser rifles* captured from the Turks by her in the late war. But probably Bulgaria thinks she will got them back again. Observation of the Mexican refugees reveals that the women are the best marchers. Considering that hiking ex peditions are In vogue among the suf fragettes, the woman's votes movement should meet with encouragement in that distracted republic. Birmingham's auditorium is having a rough voyage, but she is a staunch ship in which the people have confidence. Rush is characteristic of the west, but wind traveling in Oregon at a 92-mile an hour gait is a little too strenuous. Even Huerta and Thaw are becoming subordinate to the “have you paid your poll tax” question. Another grade crossing horror will at least bring on more talk about a viaduct I system. Birmingham-made wire fence will soon stretch from Fairfield to Terro del Fuego. I Don’t overlook (he poultry show this week. WOOD-kNGgAVIKO OP TODAY From "The Field of Art,” in the Febru ary Scribner. or that "essential quality’’ in the “orig- ; inal engraving" of the day (more partic ularly in wood carving) which has come to be so much in evidence—the synthetic, it is (‘ailed, attained frequently by the careful selection, the freedom and bold ness and increased size and greatly di minished number of the lines and the greater amplification of the solid blacks and the spacious whites—an American artist. Mr. Arthur Wesley Dow, has fur nished a general thesis: "Composition, building up of harmony, is tlie fundamen tal process in all the fine arts. 1 hold that art should he approached through composition rather than through Imi tative drawing. The many different acts and processes combined in a work of firt may he attacked and mastered one by one, and thereby power gained to handle them unconsciously when they must be used together. if a few elements can be united harmoniously a step has been taken toward furture creation. . . . This ap proach to art through structure is abso lutely opposed to the time honored ap proach through imitation." Mr. Charles H. Mackie, A. R. S. A., one of the most successful of the color block engravers in England, testifies much to the same pur pose: "One thing that has particularly struck me in this work, in which I have been experimenting for about 15 years, is the capital exercise it affords of ttie picture making faculty, since one sees one’s picture grow to completion in such a logical way. No more perfect exercise, In fact, could be devised for educating the loglcul side of an artist, for one has to plan the whole result from the beginning, when one chooses one’s forces and sequences of the block color shapes, while throughout the printing one has to be as constantly on the alert as In paint ing, perhaps even more so, as any error in tone is irremediable." Some similarity in principle may be discovered between this system of instruction in art and those which have obtained in other branches of education. With these, and other, buttresses for his cause the painter-engraver of the day, working on copper or on wood, has been encouraged to continue in these pictorial expressions of his temperament. A NORTH AFRICAN LANDSCAPE From ‘Figuig,’’ by George Edward Wood berry, in the February Schribner. Almost from the first it Is unimaginable, that landscape. It is all rock in ruins, denuded and shivered, shelving down, dis integrating; fallen avalanches of rotten strata; every kind of fracture; whole hills in a state of breaking up into small pieces, pebbly masses, bitten, slivered. We traverse broken, burnt fields of It, ail shingle; expanses of it so, beneath walls cracked and scarified; we curve by scat tered bowlders of all_sizes and positions, down vaHeys of stones; new hills open, i sharp-edged, jagged—continuous rock. All outlooks are on the waste wilderness crumbling in its own abandonment; all contours are knife edges; the perspectives are all of angles. In the near open tracts lie relics and remains, mounds, moun tains, and hills that have melted away; steep lifts on all curves; and on the sky horizon, following and crossing one an other, saw-toothed ranges, obliquely in dented with sharp re-entries, or else acute cones and rounded mamelons; the whole changing landscape a ruin of mountains being crumbled and split And blown away. It is an elemental battlefield, where the rock is the victim—a suicide of nature. In this region of extreme tem peratures with sudden changes—burning noons and frozen nights, torrid summers 1 and winter snows, downpours of rainfall— j the fire and frost, wind and cloud burst, have done their secular work; they have stripped and pulverized the softer, outer rock shell, washed It down, blown It away, till the supporting granite and schist are bare to the bone. It is a skeletonized,- worn land, all apex and debris; near objects have the form and aspect of ruins, the horizons are serried, the surfaces calcined. It is an upper world i * fhe floored And pinnacled rock, an und ' "'**ed and strewn with its owt “gray annihilation" —of th era. I Imagine that the lar moon look thus. A ro bedded, setntUlant, flaked. h color. All life has gape f th the departure of lift he naifleation, pin origi nality, ace of mineral be % ' IN HOTEL LOBBIES County tin tioml Behavior That Birmingham is on its good be havior is the opinion of Coroner Charles L. Spain, who Is finding busi ness rather dull these days. According to the coroner there have been only j three killings so far this,month, and these have been of negroes, apd were declared after investigation to have been justifiable homicides. ‘‘Jefferson county, and especially Bir mingham,'’ said Coroner C. L. Spain, is acting very nicely these day. It is ja vast improvement over last year, for I remember that the first week I took office there tvas n homicide reported every day and this condition of affairs lasted practically throughout the re mainder of the year.' "However, I must state that I am agreeably surprised these first weeks of January with as yet not a single unlawful killing reported. It must be that the year 1913 was a hoodoo and that 1914 will be more propitious for the lawabiding citizens of this great city. The record so far this year shows three negroes h^lng been killed in circumstance that were found after proper Investigation to have been jus tifiable. Tt Is an excellent record, and I slncercely trust that It will be kept up. Birmingham should make another record this year. It should tnake a record of having the least homicides of any city in the United states In con trast to its* record for 1913, which showed that it led the country in the statistics for unlawful homicides." Dropping Veteran* From reunion Roll “I have noticed several times in the press that a number of persons have been dropped from the Confederate pen sion roll,’’ said Maj. N. A. Graham, “by the special examiner who is investi gating the war records of the Confed erate pensioners of Alabama. “While I have not the slightest doubt that the examiner gave his findings based on official records or other good authority, yet I am fearful lest some deserving Confederate veteran might be dropped who was actually in the war. It is a matter of common knowl edge that during the latter part of the j war the records were defective; it was men and guns we wanted and i recall ! several Instances where boys joined J the army during a three or four-day : tight whose names were never recorded. | “1 am satifled that some names should be dropped, but I do not think the fact that their names do not appear on the record is sufficient of Itself to dis qualify a person from drawing a pen sion. I realize to the fullest extent the j difficulty one experiences to prove hli I Avar record by other than papers filed 1 in Washington, for so many of our for- J mcr comrades have passed to the great j beyond. In my case, for Instance, there is in the city only one man besides myself that belonged to the game regi ment I did. N#r one is more in favor than I am of droppirf? the ’cave-dweller’ an.l the deserter, but i should be sorry to think that any one deserving had been dropped." Dench HikIn Appearing “The extreme mildness of the weather for the past few days has caused the sap to rise’ nnd buds are actually be ginning to appear on the peach trees,” said a fruit grower. “This means that the peach crop in this county is likely to he v*ry fcmall. us there is hardly ony one who doubts that we shall have plenty of frost be fore spring. 1 also noticed a bush in the yard of a dwelling house on Twen ty-flgit street near the First Christian church that is almost white with blos soms. However, we must hope for the best and fhay possibly escape any severe frosts, and have a good peach crop anyhow.” Remarkable Railroad Record Although 111,000,000 pasesngers were transported last year by the Pennsyl vania railroad, not one of that groat army of persons was killed, according to information issued by that line from the local offices. “Reports to the general office indicate that not a single passenger out of 111,000. 000 carried by t\ie Pennsylvania Railroad company in 1913 was killed In a train ac cident.’’ says the formal statement. “Reports for the past six years show that almost 600,000,000 passengers—more than one-third of the whole world’s pop ulation—have been carried by the Penn sylvania railroad, and but 16 of them lost their lives in accidents to trains; nine were killed in one accident. In six years, out of approximately Ii.000.O0u trains operated—about 1370 a day—only five have suffered wrecks which caused the death of any of the passengers car ried on them. Three of these years were entirely from train accidental caus- j ing the death of passengers. “The record of the Pennsylvania rail road lihes east, of Pittsburg for passer.- j gers killed in train accidents in the past' six years is as follows: £ 83 -3 *3 2 8“ J«3?! r» 3 *« !;:■»> : ~ s * J 3 3 : :S E,SS? : : ■ g> g S g ■ : : *I§is i i : I" 11 i ! i35'i5' lixs “rrrTTTTrrrrrrrrrn 8R,3».«>4 o o' 1909 . 92,391,356 1 1 1910 . 100.844.177 0 0 1911 . 97.979.839 2 11 1912 . 101,756,061 2 i 1913 .•111,000,000 0 0 Totals ..........j. 592.298,337 6 111 "The Pennsylvania management re~ gards every accident of any kind on its property as one too many. Every effort Is being continually directed to the end that the number of accidents of all .kinds may be steadily reduced, and If possible prevented.” Bodrker's Entrance Into Rare "The announcement of former Cniet of Police George H. Bodeker that he -will en|er the race for sheriff Is interesting,” said a well known citizen last night. "It focuses the attention of the public of Jefferson county on the race for an of fice which always offers an interesting contest. "The record of former Chief Bodelttr should stand him in good stead In his ap peal to the voters. He is a thoroughly efficient police officer and perhaps the Pest trained and most practical detective in the south today- These facts should prove excellent campaign material to use against his opponents "Never as far as memory serves me has there been a man trained In police and detective work elected sheriff of tills county. \Vhat is needed In the sheriff s office is a man competent in all phases of police and detective work. There Is Just as much crime to be investigated ill and about the county that needs compe tent attention as in the midst of Bir mingham.” GIVE PROSPERITY A CHANCE From Leslie's. President Wilson has a keen eye. He is a watchful observer. He reads the signs of the times. Twice recently he has sought to stem the tide of advancing depression by words of encouragement to the busi ness men of the country. They were timely and effective. VVe congratulate the President that he spoke so quickly. But deeds speak louder than words. President Wilson knows that the demo cratic party is on trial. lie perhaps re calls what Senator Dailey said, in pre dicting the election of President Wilson, namely, that If the democratic party pur sued a .constructive and not a destruc tive policy, it would remain in power for a generation. In signing the currency reform bill, President Wilson spoke in a similar vein when he urged upon his fol lowers "a policy of constructive action” and when he characterized the currency bill as “the first of a series of con structive measures by which the demo cratic party will show that it knows how to serve the country.” The President added, “I, myself, have always felt when the democratic party was criticized as not knowing how to serve the huslness interests of the coun try that there was no use of replying to that in words. The only satisfactory re ply was in action. What we are pro ceeding to do now is to organize our peace, is to make our prosperity not only stable, but free to have an unimpeded momentum.” The country will stand be hind the President in the attitude he has taken. The President has expressed his earnest desire that nothing shall be done un necessarily to destroy big business, but that Questions in dispute shall be adjusted other than by recourse to the courts so that our great industries shall be brought Into conformity with the law with the least trouble and expense to their thou sands of shareholders. A number of these were organized when different business methods prevailed. Our present fair minded attorney general might hold that these were created through the merger of competing units and were thus enabled, for the time being, to control a larger share of a particular business than was good for the public welfare. In many of these cases industries were created by the absorption of numerous plants which had become obsolete but upon which high valuations were held, necessitating an over-capitalization of the corporation that acquired them. THE NEW AGE OF POWER From “The Trap to Catch the Sun,” by H. CJ. Wells in the January Century. It was in 1953 that the first Holsteln Roberts engine brought induced radio activity into the sphere of Industrial pro duction. and its first general use was to replace the steam engine in electrical gen erating stations. Hard upon the apperr> ance of this came the Dass-Tata engine, the invention of two among the brilliant galaxy of Bengali inventors the moderni zation of Indian thought was producing at thi9 time, which was used chiefly for au tomobiles. aeroplanes, water planer, and similar mobile purposes. The American Kemp engine, differing widely in principle, hut equally practicable, and the Krupp Erlanger came bard upon the heels of this, and by the autumn of 1954 a gigantic replacement of industrial methods and machinery was in progress all about the habitable globe. For many years the price of coil and every form of liquid fuel had been clam bering to levels that made even the re vival of the draft horse seem a practica ble possibility, and now with the abrupt relaxation of this stringency the change in appearance of the traffic upon the wold's roads was instantaneous. In three years the frightful armored monsters that had hooted and smoked and thundered about the world for four awf«U decades were swept away to the dealers in rdti metal, and the highways thronged with light and clean and shimmering shapes of silvered steel. ALMOST XAPOLttON HEIN CAR N ATED From "Skobeleff, Russia's Chief War Lord,” by Richard Barry in the Jan uary Century. A few clays before he sailed for Europe on the trip which ended with his death on the Titanic, Frank D. Millet said to a friend in his studio: ‘‘Skobeleff! How well T remember him: We used to call him ‘The Madcap.’ That was when he swam the Danube against orders, dashed into Plevna without rein forcements, and committed other lirtle in discretions of that sort which only a madman or a genius would attempt. Later I came to recognize him as almost a re incarnation of Napoleon. His ambition was literally about the same as Napo leon's. He wanted Russia to conquer the world. I stood with him once on the heights above Constantinople—it was in March, 1878, just before the treaty of San Stefano—when he outlined to rre his schemes, which began with the absorption of the Ottoman empire, then extended to a conquest of India, and concluded with piratical designs on England in Europe. It was unbelievably naive, and I should have dismissed the talk as the veriest moonshine had T not been a witness dur ing the preceding months to the man's rise from an inferior position, where he whs under a cloud, to a lieutenant-gener alship, with which he had become the hero of the war. He was then the practi cal hand which Russia held on Turkey’s throat. He died only a few years later, miserable, wasted, futile. A strange man, a great man; I think the most re markable man I have ever known.” LASSOES BURGLAR Pittsburg Dispatch tQ the Philadelphia Inquirer. Ludwig Smith, formerly a cattleman in the west, put his knowledge gained in former years to a novel use when he lassoed John Plata/ an intruder he had surprised in his (Smith’s) home. Just as the intruder was jumping from the sec ond story window Smith whirled his lariat, which caught Plato’s arms and drew taut as Smith braced himself. Swinging helpless at the end of the rawhide rope, three feet from the ground. Plato hung while Smith calmly walked down the street and got a po liceman. When the former cattleman returned to the house Plato was swing ing at the end of the rope completely exhausted from his efforts to extricate himself. Smith in court told the magistrate he kept in practice with his "rope” just for old time’s sake, and that when he saw Plato stepping through the Window last night he had no trouble in drop ping the noose over his shoulders. “COME BACK TO THE FRAME** From the Atlanta Constitution. "Somebody stole our New Year resolu tion,” says a Georgia editor. "If the fel low will make himself known we’ll take pleasure in smashing the frame over his head and thus make an end of the whole melancholy business f.” TROUBADOUR AND JESTER -- i SUE. From Africa’s bejewelled sands, From Norsk land's frozen chambers I sought a gem as crystal soft. As pure as tear-born ambers. From Valambrosa’s storied sweets, From El Dorado s treasures I sought the diadem of life Quintessences of pleasures. From Arcady, from Sunny Spain, From lands of golden hue I sought the precious things of earth And ^ound them all in you. OUR TRAVELSCOPE. Milan, January 11.—We stopped here on our way to Lake Marjory. Ma w'ent to the last supper, but I had mine at the hotel. She says they call it the Ceno cola, but coco-cola is good enough for me. While Ma W'ent to the cathedral I attended a moving picture show. It was just grand. We go tomorrow to see Raphael s celebrated Sapollo. PERPETUAL MOTION. Times cannot be so very hard To provide food and lodging When every day we harder work At automobile dodging. First Stock Broker: “Rather strange to see you downtown so early such free* Ing weather as this.” Second Stock Broker: “That’s Just It. Want to know if the water in my stock froze last night.” GREAT TRIAL TRIAL OF RO] ROBERT EMMET is a name that 11)rills every Irish heart at Its mention, as well as every lover of personal or national liberty. Ireland was in a fevered state when Emmet was a young man at college. Together with other young patriots he belonged to a historical society wrhere they led the po litical feeling tow'ard the popular cause, and Emmet was expelled from the uni versity for his connection with the asso ciation of United Irishmen. The rising Emmet planned was abor tive, but It was nevertheless sincere. Heading what he thought was a band of ardent, patriotic followers, an attempt was made to seize the arsenal- and Dub lin castle. At the first A'olley fired by the troops ordered to disperse the mob, it gave way and Emmet's followers fled In all directions. Emmet escaped and was In hieing among the Wicklow mountains. A safe opportunity offered itself for him to reach the continent, but his love for Sarah Curran was too strong to allow him to go without a farewell visit. He knew the danger of an appearance in Dublin, but he took the chance. Emmet was arrested the moment he reached the city and was placed on trial fbi* his life. The indicement that was made against him consisted of 18 charges. This indictment was presented on Wed nesday, September 14, 1803, before a spe cial commission held at the Session house, Green street. The court then ad jurned until Monday, September 19, when the prisoner was brought before the bar. The prosecuting attorney, an Irishman named O’Grady, made the opening speech to the attorney general and the jury. Fol lowing this speech, which was long, Mr. Joseph Rawlins, an attorney, was sworn and examined by the solicitor general. This witness was followed by many oth ers, and when it was asked whether Em met desired to present any witnesses in his defense, he replied that, under the circumstances, it wofHd be useless. At the conclusion of the examination Lord Norbury charged the jury, who, without quitting the box, returned a ver dict of guilty. Emmet then being asked by the clerk of the crown wiiether he had anything to say why judgment should not be passed upon him, he arose and I DOUBTFUL. The most perplexing question. On which my mind doth harp, Is can q man who rents a flat Ever become a sharp? THE TANGO TEA. Dubbs: "That grass widow doesn't dance gracefully; she hops too much." Grubbs: "Yes; she's something of a grasshopper. A REASON. | e don t like the new parson's wife," I hey said with fume and fuss; "For she's as stylish; bet your life As all the rest of us." RATHER POINTED. Brown: ‘ I see that 95 per cent of the steel pens are made In N. J. Jones: "’Yds, and 90 per cent of them are N. G." IN CHICAGO. Since they have female deputlea Man’s conscience has a flaw; He doesn’t mind It if he falls In the arms of the law. UNDER THE NEW ERA. Police Captain: "I fear that female police officer la a failure." Police Superintendent: "Why so?" Police Captain: “She hasn’t arrested a thing but the men’s attention." TOO PERTINENT. "51a, did I come from a monkey?" Asked John, "Or Is it just a joke?” “I do not know,” said his ma sadly, "I never knew your father's folk." S OF HISTOR Y ' IERT EMMET I made that memorable vindication speech which is so familiar and one of the finest examples of its kind in our language: "My lords, what have I to say why sentence of death should not be pro nounced on me, according to law? I have nothing to say that can alter your pre determination, or that it would become me to sav, with any view' to the mitiga tion of that sentence which you are here to pronounce, and which I must abide. * * • ‘1 wish my memory and name may animate those who survive me, while I look down with complacency on the de struction of that perfidious government which upholds its domination by blas phemy of the Most High. • • • "My lords, you are impatient for the sacrifice. The blood you seek Is not congealed by the artificial terrors which surround your victims! it circulates warmly 4»nd unruffled through the chan nels which God created for noble pur poses, but which you are bent to destroy for purposes so grievous that they cry to heaven! 1 am going to my silent grave; my lamp of life is nearly extinguished; my race is run; the grave opens to re ceive me and I4 sink into its bosom. "I have but one request to ask at my departure from this world; it is the charity of its silence. Let no man w rite my epitaph, for, as no one knowing my motives dates now vindicate them, let not prejudice or ignorance aspease them. Let them and me repose in obscurity and peace, and my tomb remain uninscribed until other times and other men can do justice to my character. When ir.y coun try shall take her place among the na tions of the earth—then, and not till then, let my epitaph be written.” Emmet's trial was a hasty one. Though few W’ere there to plead for him, Mac Carth.v says: "No advocacy of either men or angels could by any possibility have stirred the hearts of those in authority for one who rebelled against the union.” Emmet was sentenced to death on Sep tember 19, 1803, and the following morning e was hanged and according to the brutal customs of the time was then beheaded. For more than a century Robert Em met’s giave has not only awaited its epitaph, but also its discovery, for th© body has been removed to some spot by personal friends who have never revealed its final resting place. TOMORROW—TRIAL OF LINCOLN’S ASSASSINS ' 4 THE PI.AY-REAIHXn HABIT Marguerite Campion in the February Metropolitan. There is no subject of the day more' thoroughly discussed by the public and more sincerely believed in by writers themselves than the possibilities In the future of the American theatre. Before it comes, however, we shall have to get the plays themselves over the bars Into your library and mine. We shall have to acquire taste as to the art of the drama. We shall have to know what a good play Is and how to appreciate one after we get it. \\e shall havo te try out whatever looks to us like a piece of divine possibility, as Maurice Browne is doing at the Blttle theatre In Chicago and Wlnthrop Ames is doing at the Blttle theatre in New York. We shall hav# to find a few more professors of the drama like Professor Baker of Harvard. But last, and most important of all, we shall have to raise up a public that can listen Intelligently to good plays and create, by its sympathy and taste, a real future for the American drama and the Amer ican theatre. Bet us get—for this is the kernel of the whole matter—the play reading habit. The theatre is not a Saturday night af fair with a crush of taaicabs at the street corner. It is In your mind and mine. It Is the means to the highest intellectual enjoyment, whether It Is witnessed by the eye of the head or the eye of the h^art. For the sake of the democratic upraising of the future possibilities of the theatre, let us introduce ourselves to the delight of reading the drama as literature and contributing our Judgment and taste to its later development upon the stags. THE FOLLY OF FL'HOK Havelock Ellis In the February Metro politan. The fiery zealot in a fury of blind rage strikes wildly at the evil he has just dis covered. and then flings down his weapon, glad to forget all about his momentary rage and the errors it led him Into. It is not so that ancient evils are destroyed, evils. It must be remembered that derive their vitality in part from human na ture and In part from the structure of our society. By Insuring that our Workers, and especially our women workers, are decently paid, so that they can HVe com fortably on their wages, we shall not, in deed, have abolished prostitution, which is more than an economic phenomenon, but we shall more effectually check the Whits slave trader than hjr the most Draconic legislation the most imagi native vice crusader ever devised. And when we insure that these same workers have ample time and opportunity for free and Joyous recreation we shall have done more to kill the fasclnartion of the whits slave traffic than by endless police reg ulations for the moral supervision of the young. PORT FOR WEARY MARINERS From the Louisville Courier-Journal. Any old port In a storm—but not in New York. Ask the bounding billow boys about the best port and they will direct you to the American Seamen's Friend society in New Y'ork, which hus a snug anchorage down where the salt breeseg do not lose all their tang by contact with the land. Miss Josephine V'pham is the “mis sioner" of the institute, and for 20 years has been the big sister of the sailors. Miss Upham is smiling and cheery and comfortable. She has a way of Inviting confidence that makes *the boy who ran away from a good home in Dublin to seek fame and fortune on the high seas tell her about how much his mother must miss hint and how he would give a month's pay for a glimpse of Kathleen Mcvourneen, the prettiest girl in th# home parish. WHAT RE LEARNED From the Ladles' Home Journal. “I am glad to see you home, Johnny.” said the father to his small son, who had been away at school, but who was now home on his vacation. "How are you get ting on at school?" "Fine,” said Johnny. ”1 have learned to say ‘Thank you' and ‘If you please' In French.” "aood!” said the father. "That's mors than you ever learned to say In English.” BEFORE—AMD THEM I Strickland Olllilan in the Ladles' Horn* Journal. He used to prove, beyond the last frail doubt. That when life's feeble candle had burnt out, Taking with It the spirit we had -- That which remained was but a stone, 'Or any other soulless thing we kn< Faultless hie logic, so we deemed .. Years came to him. with love and all it brings— WHs arid some children. One, on angel wings. Fled ere a year he’d nestled In th< Of our wise friend—Today I sa v start Upon a little, daylong nusmess ti Ha hid a baby's "Scuffed" shoe grig.