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The Birmingham age-herald. [volume] (Birmingham, Ala.) 1902-1950, March 07, 1914, Image 1

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THE BIRMINGHAM
AGE-HERALD
VOLUME XXXXIII
BIRMINGHAM, ALABAMA. SATURDAY, MARCH 1914
.12 PAGES NUMBER 305
CJ.&5I.P.WS
public, ays i. c. c.
Tend to Create More Favor
able Market for the
Road’s Securities
VARIOUS INSTANCES
OF INCOME CITED
Disclosures Described as “Serious
Irregularities” by Commissioner
Harlan in Report—General
Admonition Issued
Washington. March 6.—Charges that
the hook accounts of the Chicago, MU
waukee and St. Paul Railway company
and of its subsidiary, the Chicago, Mil
waukee and Puget Sound Railway com
pany, have been so manipulated as to
mislead the public and tend to create
a more favorable market for the se
curities of the roads, were contained
in a report made public today by the
interstate commerce commission after
an exhaustive investigation of the
financial afairs of the roads.
Various instances of unlawful over
statement of income were cited. While
criticizing and condemning the ac
counting methods followed by the com
panies, however, Commission Harlan,
who prepared the report, said:
> “We do not mean to be understood
by anything here said as intimating
that the St. Paul company is not a
ta 1 uable property and is not achieving
ilie results reasonably anticipated from
the extension of its line to the Pa
cific coast.”
Serious Irregularities
The disclosures by the investigation
of what Commissioner Harlan describes
In the report as “serious irregularities”
in the accounting system of the roads
were regarded by the commission as
indefensible, although the officers of
the St. Paul company explained that
they “resulted from negligence, inat
tention and a lack of familiarity on the
part of the company's comptroller and
those under him with the require
ments of the commission.''
i There is no sufficient basis of rec
ord,'' says the commissioner’s report,
“to enable us to condemn or acquit
t the comptroller, either of full respon
sibility or of his share of responsi
bility for the condition of the accounts
of these companies, but these grounds
* for thinking that his responsibility was
very materially qualified and minimized
by the Instructions and directions given
\ him by the executive and other offi
’ c als. Whatever may he the fact in
v that regard the commission now feels
that a more careful observance of our
rules and regulations is promised for
the future. This we confidently antici
pate will be realized.”
General Admonition
A general admonition contained in
the report made it clear that the com
mission hereafter will hold to strict ac
countability all common carriers for
the accuracy and truthfulness of the
statements .contained in their repoVts
of financial operations.
in some instances today's report ex
> plained “a financially strong road mak
ing large net earnings would not hesi
tate to conceal the facts by adding to
its operating expense accounts sums
disbursed in improving its property; on
the other hand, a financially weak road,
seeking to enhance Its credit by a good
showing of operating results, would in
clude in its property accounts sums ex
pended in operation. The result was
that a carrier’s annual and monthly
statements of net revenue often re
flected Nothing more than the particu
lar showing desired by its executive.
» These reports oft cm were used for
speculative purposes, and the stock
, holder and the general public were left
without any assurance as to whether
the dividends declared were paid from
income or surplus or out of capital.
Accounts “Stuffed"
“Under the accounting rules of the
commission, the St. Paul company was
permitted to include in its accounting
a proper revenue for the transporta
tion of men and materials, rents for
, V quipment and other of its facilities
used in the construction of the Puget
Sound, and interest on the funds ad
vanced. That course, however, was not
> pursued. On the contrary, the St. Paul
company included in its income ac
counts for the year 1910, all the inter
est, rents and revenues assignable to
the period prior to July 1. 1909, the
sum total amounting to over $4,000,000.
In the same year it also decreased its
operating expense accounts by crediting
thereto more than $500,000 on account
of the salvage of cars destroyed pre
vious to the year 1907. By means of
these entries .the income i/f the Chicago,
Milwaukee and St. Paul Railway com
pany for the year 1910 was overstated
by more than $5,OOO,OO0. As a result of
this overstatement of Income, the report
of the St. Paul for the succeeding year
I showed an apparent falling off in rev
enue and income of more than $2,000,
f 000. In its report to its stockholders
for the year 1911, the explanation of
fered by the officers of the company
was that 'the large decrease in the net
<Continued oa Page Mae.)
*••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••'
'INCOME TAX BIDS FAIR TO
RAISE $50,000,000 ANNUALLY
More Than 400,000 Individuals Make Returns—Collection of
More Than $40,000,000 Will Be Had—Actual Results
Will Be Close to the Estimates
Washington. March 6.—The income tax
law bids fair to live up to the expecta
tions of the administration by producing
about $50,000,000 annually in revenue paid
by close to 425,000 individuals. Although
treasury officials decided tonight not to
make public for the present the reports
of international revenue collectors on the
income tax, it became known that more
than 400,000 individuals had made re
turns in the 03 collection districts up to
Monday, midnight, when the time limit
expired. From these Individuals it wus
understood the government probably
would collect more than $40,000,000.
a.
It has been the opinion among offi
cials that thousands of individuals would
take advantage of the 30 days extension
time granted in cases of absence and
sickness and they expect • the final fig
ures to show at least 25,000 more report
ing than were given in the preliminary
lists from collectors. If they are not
mistaken in this view the actual results
will be close to the estimates made at
the time the legislation was before Con
gress. This agreement officials are in
clined to believe will not only include
the number subject to the tax but the
amount to be collected.
Including the corporation tax as amend
ed in the present law, it was estimated
that the annual revenue from this source
would amount to about $85,000,000.
LAIXSSIAItMtNI
COMMENT IN STATE
“Innocent Man About to Be
Sacrificed,” Says the
Former Clerk
| BELIEVED TO HAVE
REFERRED TO OAKLEY
I

Statement Susceptable to Several
Interpretations — Not Generally
Thought to Have Referred
to Himself
.Montgomery. March '' Theodore Lacy,
convicted convict deph; tment clerk, this
afternoon gave out the following state
ment over his own signature, through
Sheriff Hood:
“March t», 1914.
“To the' Public:
“I have remained .silent until this time
and it may be to my Interest not to talk
now. I have read several articles in dif
ferent newspapers about the convict de
partment shortage. Some of them pre
tended to come from friends of mine:
(theis from unknown rources. None of
these were authorized or inspired by me
and I knew nothing about them until 1
read them in print.
“Many of them reflect upon an innocent
man about to be scorifi ed for something
he did not do, to shield another.
“My sense of fair piny compels me to
make this statement: The man about to
be sat rifievd has been misled by a friend
be trusted for the benefit of another who
knows the facts. THEO LACY.”
There was much comment in Montgom
ery tonight in regard to the statement of
Theodore Lacy, convicted of the embezzle- |
inent of $50,000 of stale convict department
funds In jail here, awaiting his sentence
tomorrow morning.
Lacy declared in his statement that an |
“innocent man" was about to he sacri
ficed for the benefit of another, “who;
knows the facts.”
May Mean Oakley
The consensus of opinion is that Lacy
referred to James G. Oakley, former pres
ident of the state board of convict in
spectors, under whom he served as chief ;
clerk, as “the innocent man about to be
sacrificed.”
However,' Lacy’s statement is believed
to be. susceptible of several interpreta
tions. He may, of course, have referred
to Oakley in his interview, and this is
the popular belief. On the other hand
he may have referred to himself, but the
latter conclusion is not generally credited.
Analyzing Lacy's statement, it purporfs
to be in defense of a friend, who is in
nocent. Lacy was chief clerk under J. G.
Oakley, who is under various indictments
t barging the embezzlement of about $100,
000 of state funds.
IAicy was recently found guilty by a
jury of embezzling $50,000 of convict de
partment. funds, and he will be sentenced
tomorrow.
Oakley was to have been tried last
Wednesday under indictments charging
the embezzlement of $74,000. but on the
day of his trial he sent an affidavit by
his physician that he was too sick to at
tend court.
Examination Ordered
Later the court ordered an examination
of Oakley by several prominent physicians
of Birmingham, who made an affidavit
to the effect that Oakley was not too
sick to attend his trial. Other physicians
appointed by bondsmen of Oakley testi
fied to the same effect.
Oakley's bond was at once declared for
feited by the court, and he was placed
under arrest. Later he made another bond
while under surveillance in a hospital in
Birmingham. The next development in,
the case is Lacy’s statement that an inno
cent man was being made to suffer.
It is therefore believed that Lacy re
ferred to Oakley in making his statement,
the first he has given out since he sur
rendered several weeks ago. This is the
opinion of all who have followed the cele
brated case. It is also the opinion of
some of his lawyers who did not know
that he was going to issue a statement.
Academy Presented Flag
Annapolis, Md., March f».—The flag
which went down with the United States
steamship Trenton oft Apia, Samoa, 24
years ago, when that vessel and the
Vandalia were sunk and the Nipsic driven
ashore in a hurricane, has been pre
sented to the Naval academy by Lieut.
S. L. Graham, United States navy, re
tired.
TODAY’S AGE-HERALD
l Road’s accounts mislead public, is
charge.
Lacy’s statement causes widespread
com ment.
Vanderbilt dies suddenly at Wash
ington.
Congress begins work on canal tolls.
Works attacks Mexican policy.
2— District visitors bring in Underwood
news.
3— Returns from income tax guesswork.
4— Editorial comment.
5— See new equipment on Birmingham
Railway. Light and Power company
lines.
More comment on rate compromise.
Morning medley of day’s doings.
City declines to accept proposals of
railroads.
6— Society.
7— Sports.
8— Terrvple Emanu-El dedicated.
9— Burnett and Rainey will have de
bate.
11— Markets.
12— Storm interferes with business.
••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••■•••••a***
G. W. VANDERBILT
DIES SUDDENLY
IN WASHINGTON
Noted Millionaire. Sports
man and Philanthropist
Succumbs to Heart
Failure
WcskimctfYu, March <L -George W Van
dcrbllt, 52, ' multi-millionaire, philanthro
pist and sportsman of international rep
uatiop. died here at 1 o'clock this aft
ernoon from heart failure, following an
operation for appendicitis Tuesday. His
death came suddenly.
Although seriously ill foi sometime. Mr.
Vanderbilt had sustained the operation
ami continued to show signs of improve
ment until complications unexpectedly
arose. Previous to their appearance no
alarm had been felt for his recovery
and physicians said his condition was
improving. Mrs. Vanderbilt, who for
merly was Miss Edith Dresser of New
York, had been in constant attendance.
She was almost prostrated by her hus
band's sudden death. At the palatial
residence which Mr. Vanderbilt occupied
here as his winter residence, it was said
tonight no announcement would be made
until the wishes of Mr. Vanderbilt’s
relatives had been ascertained. It. was
understood, however, that the funeral
arrangements would be announced to,
morrow, when Frederick Vanderbilt, a
brother, will reach Washington.
Born at New York
New York, March 6.—Mr. Vanderbilt
was born in the old Vanderbilt home
at New Dorp, Staten Island, November
14, 18(12. In 1885 he became interested in
the wMd mountain region of western
North Carolina and by successive pur
chases be accumulated an estate of 100,000
acres on the French Broad river and
laid out there a vast park and erected
buildings on a scale which lias seldom
been equaled in the country. Mr. Van
derbilt devoted most of his time to the
personal supervision of this estate. In
the valley he built a model town and
called it Biltmore. His farms were filled
with blooded stock and be devoted thou
sands of dollars to the scientific con
servation of the forests which covered
the greater part of his property.
George Vanderbilt’s fortune was never
a factor in Wall street. He was. sup
posed. however, to be one of America’s
wealthiest men.
Jle had a number of charities and he
spent money without stint upon tho de
velopment of his mountain estate. He
seldom came to New York, but spent
part of his summers at Bar Harbor,
Me., where he had a handsome home.
In 189.X Mr. Vanderbilt married Miss
Edith Btuyvesant Dresser. Mrs. Van
derbilt and one child, a daughter, sur
vive him.
DR. ANNA H. SHAW
Injuries From Fall Prevent
Noted Suffragette From
Making Trip
New York, Mart’ll 6.—Dr. Anna Howard
Shaw, president of the National Ameri
can Woman Suffrage association, today
said that she would be unable to partici
pate personally in the suffrage campaign
the association is about to undertake In
the south. An accident Dr. Shaw suf
fered several weeks ago compelled her
to remain at home.
It was announced that Jane Ad dam’,
first vice president, of the association,
had given up her plans to take a va
cation and had decided to take Dr
Shaw S place on the southern trip.
Miss Addams will speak at Birming
ham during the conference there Maroh
a and 10, and at the conference at At
lanta March 11 and 12.
RUSHTON ENTERS
RACE FOR SHORT
SENATORIAL TERM
Formally Announces Candi
dacy to Succeed Late Sen
ator Johnston—Out
lines Platform
Moutgc-n\~r . "-Tar cl* >3. Sp41tlp.Lt-de
claring that the people of Alabama, “next
to having laws that will protect them
In their lives, liberty and property, are
most Interested In educating their chil
dren, the care of the Confederate sol
diers, the establishment of rural credits,
the improvement of rivers and harbors,
and the construction and maintenance
of good roads,” Ray Rushton of Mont
gomery, one of the leading lawyers of
the state, today announced his candi
dacy for United States senator from
Alabama to fill the unexplred term of
the late Senator Joseph Forney John
ston.
Mr. Rushton made .public ids announo
inent immediately after his return from
- I
—-—— '
RAY RISHTOK
Greenville, where he delivered an address
today in the interest of Oscar W. Under
wood’s campaign for the long senatorial
tern). He was the third to qualify with
Chairman Tyler . Goodwi ll of the slate
democratic, executive eommitte as a
candidate for tile short term, Capt. Uranic
S. White of Birmingham anil State Sen
atbr Watt T. Brown of Ragland, St.
Clair county, both having qualified earlier
in the day. •
Issues Statement
In making public his announcement -Mr.
Rushton issued a statement setting furtn
the leading planks in his platform. He
declared that the man chosen to repre
sent the state in the Senate for the
unexplred term should be ’Tree from any
entangling political alliances that would
in any way prevent him from falling In
line at onee to carry out Mr. Wilson's
programme at Washington.”
Mr. RuBhton declared that reform is
the watchword of the hour, and called
attention to the great work of Oscar
Underwood. ”The passing of the Under
wood tariff bill laid an excellent founda
tion on which to build,” tie said. "The
currency bill makes a good second rail.
We can now build with hope and con
fidence, if we keep our alignment true.”
Mr. Rushton further declared for the
improvement of the great arteries of com
merce, the establishment Of postofflees
and post rouds, and recommends that
the revenues derived from the income
ALL CANDIDATES FOR
OFFICES QUALIFIED;
OFFICIAL LIST GIVEN
None Who Announced Fail
lo Pay Necessary Fee.
Feagin Only Is
Unopposed
Montgomery March 6 -(Special.) AH
I publlcall.v announced candidates for state
and congressional offices have qualified
with Chairman Tyler Goodwyn of the
state democratic executive committee, to
enter the primary on April 6.
Chairman Goodwyn gave out the com
plete list of candidates shortly before 11?
o’clock tonight, and none who had an
nounced his candidacy had tailed to pay
the necessary entrance fee.
One of the latest candidates to an
nounce for a state office was Scott K.
Chesnutt of Birmingham, who qualified
as a candidate for lieutenant governor
in opposition to Thomas E. Kilby of An
niston and Thomas A. Curry of Clanton.
Mr. Chesnutt Is a well-known newspaper
man of Birmingham.
All of the candidates for gubernatorial I
honors qualified, as well ns all the other
announced candidates for state offices, i
The candidates for governor are B. B.
Comer, Charles Henderson. 'Walter D.
Seed and Reuben F. Kolb.
There are two candidates for chairman
of the state democratic executive com- j
mlttee, Tyler Goodwyn of Montgomery, i
present chairman, find Bibb Graves of
Montgomery. j
Feagin Unopposed
Only one candidate who qualified for
a state office is unopposed, and that Is!
William F. Feagin, who is seeking the
nomination for superintendent «>f educa
tion.
There arc two candidates for the long
senatorial term and three for the short
term. Oscar W. Underwood is Opposed
by R. P. Hobson for the long term, and
Copt. Frank S. White, Watt T. Brown
and Ray Rushton are aspirants for the
Bbort term.
The following Is the list of the principal
candidates for state and congressional
offices:
For Governor: B. B. Comer, Birming
ham: Charles Henderson. Troy; Reuben
F. Kolb, Montgomery; Walter D. Seed.
Tuscaloosa.
For Lieutenant Governor: Thomas E.
Kilby, Annistonn; Thofnas A. Curry,
Clinton: Scott E. Chesnutt., Birmingham.
For Secretary of State: William P.
Cobb, Tuskegee; Joh*i Purifoy, Mont
gomery; C. H. Greer, Marion; J. H. Nun
nellee, Tuscaloosa.
For Attorney General; W illiam L. Mar
tin, Montgomery; Gardner Green. Pell
City; George Pegram, Faunsdale; P. H.
Riddle, Talladega.
For Commissioner of Agriculture anil
Industries: William II. Seymour, Mont
gomery; Len F. Greer, Calhoun: A. A.
Persons, Bessemer; J. A. Wade, Dade
ville.
For State Auditor: W. F. Wilkinson.
Prattville; M. (*. Allgood. Oneonta.
For State Treasury: C. Brooks Smith,
Montgomery; W. L. Lancaster. Wetump
ka; Malcolm A. Graham, Prattville; R.
L. Bradley, Vernon.
For Associate Railroad Commissioners:
Flank N. ,Julian, Tuscumbla: Leon Mc
Cord. Quntersvllle; B. IT. Cooper, Bir
mingham; S. If. Gaillard, Mobile.
For Supreme Court Justices: J. j. May
field, Tuscaloosa; Edward Degraffenried,
Greensboro; William If. Thomas, Mont
gomery; Romaine Boyd, Birmingham; R.
T. Simpson. Florence.
For Court of Appeals: E. Perry Thom
as, Eufalila; J. B. Brown, Cullman.
For Superintendent of Education: Wil
liam F. Feagin, Montgomery.
For Chairman of State Democratic Ex
ecutive Committee: *fyler Goodwyn*
Montgomery; Bibb Graves, Montgomery.
For United States Senator, Long Term:
Oscar W. Underwood. Birmingham; R.
P. Hobson. Greensboro.
For United States Senator, Short
Term; Ray Rushton, Montgomery; Frank
S. White, Birmingham; Watt T. Brown,
Ray land.
For Congress Ninth Uongressional Dis
trict: Nat L. Miller, Birmingham; Jesse
C. King. Birmingham; George H. Hud
(Cs«tiaa«4 oa Paga Klght)
FIRST MOVEMENT TO
REPEAL TOLL CLAUSE:
TAKEN BV CONGRESS
House Committee Reports
Favorably Bill to Strike
Out Provision
OSCAR UNDERWOOD
OPPOSES POLICY 1
Will Not Only Vote Against, But Will j
Make Speech Against Proposed
i
Change—Adamson in
Charge
Washington. March 6 Initial stops to
repeal the toll exemption clause of the
Panama canal act, as requested by Pres
ident Wilson, were taken in Congress
today when the House committee on in
terstate commerce reported favorably a
hill to strike out the provision. In the
Senate tin-* committee on interoeeanie ca
nals decided to meet next week to >’on
aider the appeal of the President for a
reversal of policy in the controversy
which Involves the Hay-Pauneefote
treaty, and, in tho opinion of tin* Presi
dent, the general foreign relations policy
of the administration.
While the House is debating the issue
next week, tho Senate committee will
consider what course to pursue; whether
to recommend a. fiat repeal bill or to
urge the compromise bill offered by Sen
ator Chilton of We«?t Virginia, a mem
ber of the committee, which would au
thorize the President to regulate tolls
and assess charges w* his discretion,
wherever exemption is provided in tlie
canal act.
Amendment Preferable
"I believe that more senators would
vote for my amendment than will sup
port a flat, repeal measure,” said Senator
Chilton tonight. “Though the amendment
would accomplish repeal of toll exemp
tion Indirectly, H would not repudiate
the democratic platform plank indorsing
toll exemption, and senators who llatly
refuse to go back on that plank could
vote for it.”
In the House there was quick response
to tlie President’s address, the commit
tee voting 13 to 3 to favorably report
the Situs repeal bill. Absent members
who wen* recorded made tlie vote 17 to 4.
Chairman Adamson had ready a draft
of tlie report, when tho committee met.
It based approval of the Sims bill ,on
the same two broad grounds set forth
in the President's message, general In
ternational comity and the Immediate*
foreign situation eoffft button, the «*ot.n*
try. Representative Know land of Cali
fornia, who led the opposition in the
committee, was given three days to file
a minority report and Chairman Adam
son was authorized to urge the rules
committee' to report a special rule to
hasten tlie bill through tho House. The
matter will he pressed at once, and it
is expected a rule will he brought into
the House probably by Thursday of next
week.
ITnderwood I )pposes
Representative Adamson will take
charge of the situation in the House,
as Majority Header Underwood, for the
first, time during the administration, finds
himself on the anti-administration . ido
of the question. Representative Under
wood has announced his Intention of not
only voting against the hill, but also
of making a. speech against it Despite
this, however, the leaders of tin* repeal
forces declared today they were assured
of a substantial majority to carry out
the President's will. In its report to
day tile committee, which provided for
uniform tolls in the canal act, as origi
nally reported, reiterated its position.
"We deem it proper now. ' said the re
port. to consider the international situa
tion and our obligations and policy iri
relation thereto. True, there has been as
yet no friction nor even strained rela
tions with foreign governments, but we
are advised the opposite party to the
principal treaty under which the canal
was contaructed fails to approve our ac- '
Hon in providing for the exemption or
to concur in our construction of tie*
treaty. Other maratime nations hold the
same dissenting opinion, and in the whole
family of nations we ami alone in our
contentions In such a situation, it Is
not always necessary or wise to urge
our content ion. even though convinced of
our right. We are not disturbed by the I
taunt made for a put pone, that re petti J
would he truckling and yield to foreign J
demand). A similar taunt could lie lodged I
agairst any man or nation honorable J
enough to promote friendly relations By)
•eeording respectful consideration to j
* iews of tin* opposite party.”
ENGINEER KILLS

Mobile, March 0.—Following a sensa
tional fight in the cab of a locomotive
on a Mobile and Ohio northbound freight
train at Shubuta. Miss., last night Mar
shall Baskin, engineer, shot and instantly
killed M. E. Cole, the fireman. The fight
began lti the cab. The men jumped from
the engine, and Baskin immediately drew
a pistol sind shot. He claims that Cole
drove him from the car with a pick.
A new now was sent from Mobile to
take charge of the train. Both lived in
Meridian. Miss.
CABINET MEMBERS
ENTERTAIN WILSON
Washington, March 6.—Members of
the cabinet and their wives entertained
President Wilson and his family to
night at dinner at a hotel on the an
niversary of the first, cabinet meeting
of the present administration. Mrs. Wil
son, who has been slightly 111 for sev
eral days, was unable to go, but the
Misses Margaret and Eleanor Wilson
cind their cousin. Miss Helen Woodrow
Rones, accompanied the President. The
Secretary of the President and Mrs.
Tumulty were the only other guests.
f——-t
4 4
4 JUSTICE CLABAUUH DEAD 4
4 4
4 Washington, March 6.—Chief 4
4 James Harry If. Clabaugh of the •
4 supreme court of the District of t
4 Columbia died suddenly here 4
4 tonight of heart failure. He was •
4 58 years old^ 4
4 f ♦
A
DARKENS HISTORY
OF U.S., SAYS WORKS
California Senator Bitterly
Attacks Administration’s
Complacent Policy
INTERVENTION MAY
YET BE DEMANDED
Innorrnt Americans Butchered by
Mexican Belligerents Without
Hand liaised in Protection,
Declares Republican
VYn Millington, Mnreh . H.—Predict lug
tluit the Mexican sltautlon l-t n matter
xx 11 la " liich "the I tilted Mates shall
he forced to deal In some decisive unt,
and that very soon," Schator Works, rr
puhllean. of i allfornla ilmrpiy criti
cised the >1 ex lean policy of the admin
istration In a speech in the Senate to
day .
“We may be forced yet," he said, "to
intervene in some form in Mexico. I’f
vve, <lo It Hboultl not be for the ag
grandizement of our country, the ac
quisition of territory or any other ad
vantage to the United Stales, but it
should be iu the Interest of the Mexican
people, and others resident there for the
restoration of peace and order and the
establishment of a stable government
for our sister republic."
To speak of the relations of the
United States with Mexico Senator
Works asserted was an unpleasant task.
Dark Pag© in History
“It is a dark page in our history," ha
continued. "Unless the American people
shall have lost all virility, courage and
patriotism it will be read in the years
to oonifl with sorrow and shame. For
three long years American citizens have
hern murdered, their wives and daugh
ters outraged; their homes pillaged anil
their property destroyed, and this at**
ministration has done nothing more
than enter occasional mTld protests and
submissive appeals, and to whom? *
“To Huerta, whose government wo
had refused to recognize, and to whom,
according to_ our views, had no power
or authority to act. To Villa, not recog
nized as a, belligerent; not even a sol
dier, but a. brigand and murderer of
Innocent people. To Carranza, a weak
ling, . dominated by Villa, and equally
without authority,
"What right imA jvvc to e\pe<u from
protests and appeals made to such as
these amelioration?"
Out lines Mexican Kvents
Senator Works outlined the events in
the history of Mexico leading up to the
present difficulties and the refusal of
this government 10 recognize Huerta
after the assassination of Madero,
"doubtless by Huerta, who succeeded
him, or with hi. knowledge anil conni
vance." after ih- withdrawal of Ambiif -
sailor Wilson from Mexico. Senator
Works declared, refetYlng to sending
John Hind to Mexico City to "the com
mencement of a series of diplomacies
wholly unknown and so absurd as t«*
make us ridiculous at home and
lb road."
The demand of the President in his
message to Huerta that there should
•e an armistice could not hav*- been
(implied with, the senator continued,
iml the demand that security he given
for a free election in Mexico was im
possible of fulfillment because of the
gnoranco of the Mexican masses.
Such an election, he declared, prob
i hiy would have brought, about "the
•lection of a bull fighter for Presi
lent."
Huerta Naturally Refused
"Naturally, Huerta refused to con
sider these proposals," Senator Works
•ontlnued. “What else could have been
•xpected? His refusal put our gov
ernment in a most unfortunate popl
jnn. Ii could not enforce its demands.
It might go to war but the refusal to
’otnpi, with the demands could fur
nish no justification for declaring war
because we had no right to make them. #
-to wo had to submit tamely to the po
sii ion of Huerta, the derision and
(Continue© on page Right)
SUNDAY’S AGE-HERALD
Among lIn' features lit tomorrow s Age
Herald will lit- the following:
c. e. Stewart, The Age-llerald’s Wash
ngton correspondent, lute u striking ar
ide under tlu1 title, ‘‘Who Will Occupy
he White House in 1930?"
.1. H. Weatherly writes on "Memorable
Freeses In Alabama." *
t* J.'. Markcll’s subject is "The Charm
if Auli.1 Itcekic."
Thomas Furlong In his detective series
...rites mi "A ’Demon’ for the Lawyers’ —
tensational attempt to bribe u private de
Hctlve and how II was exposed.
Hill Vines writes tomorrow on "Scu
tlors Simmons and Overman of North
.’arolina."
Frank G. Carpenter's subject is "The
president of Peru."
James Morgan in his Napoleon series lias
ts Ills subject "Crossing the Alps by the
3rout St. Bernard."
ITof. Eric DooltUlo has an illustrated
irtlcle on “The Heavens In March.”
A classic in a page is "Monsieur LocOQ,”
iy Emile Galtoriau.
Dolly Dalrymple writes a delightful
iturj about one of Birmingham's best
mown choir boys.
Flora Milner Harrison takes as her
mtiject "Superintendent McNeil FFinds En
:miraging Conditions In County Schools.”
Louise DeKoven Bowen writes on
Women in Courts.”
Peter Finley Dunne’s subject is "Mrs.
Dooley on the Crisis.”
On the editorial feature page are the
Following:
"Heart to Heart Talks,” by James N.
burle.
"By-Paths of History—Alexander'*
Uriels.” by Dr. B. F. Riley.
"Seeing and Perceiving.” by Dr. W.
E. Evans.
"Go to Church—a Homily for March
jy Dr. George Eaves.
Illustrated articles from European cap
fuls include:
Berlin "Bullying the Kaiser.” by
■ enrge H. Kempden.
l.ondon—"London Covets New York's
tupremacy in Telephone Efficiency," by
,'lcompte de Solssons.
Constantinople—’’Dshetml Pasha, tha
\utocrat of Constantinople,” by Andrews
j. Baldwin.

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