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E. W. BARRETT . Editor Ent«rted at ihe Birmingham, Ala., poatoffice as second class matter under act of Congress March 3, 1879. Daily and Sunday Age Herald ..$8.00 Dally and Sunday per month.70 Daily and Sunday, three months.. 2.00 Weekly Age-Herald, per annum.. .60 Bcnday Ago-lierald . 2.00 A. J. Eaton, Jr., and O. K. Young are the only authorized traveling repio ■cniatives ot rne Age-Heralu In Us ciicul&tlon department. No communication will be published without its author a name. Itejectou mauuacript will not be returned unless tumps are enclosed tor that purpose. Remittances can be made at current rate of exchange. The Age-Herald will not be responsible lor money sent through the malls. Address, THE AGE-HEHALD, Birmingham. Ala. Washington bureau, 2o7 Hlbbs build ing. European bureau, 6 Henrietta street, Covent Garden, Dondon. Eastern business office. Rooms 48 to SO, inclusive. Tribune building, New Toi^t City; Western business office, TrlMine building, Chicago. The fci. C. Beckwith Special Agency, agenta for eign advertising. TLEPHONI) Bell (private exchange connecting all gepartsrents), Alain 4IW0. Bnt what music f My lord, 1 hear pone—None! The mimic of ll»e spheres! ^ —Pericles. BEGINNING THE DAY—Lord, 1 give me grace to pray, not for a 1 lesser burden but for greater strength. 1 would not be softened * with ease, but bullded up to lar ger labors. But, O Thou who watoh est all Thy people, let me not fnll under too heavy n load. For Jesus* sake. Amen.—11. LI. E. A Movement Demanding Imitation There is probably no component ot the human anatomy that contributes more to healthfulness, long life and the enjoyment thereof than our teeth. The fact has become so pertinent that the question of preserving the teeth is being taken up progressively and exploited in many of the leading cities of the land. In the city of Cleveland a campaign has been inaugurated by over 300 citi zents to raise the sum of $75,000 in 10 days for the prosecution of the work. The object of the movement is the establishing of six free dental dispen saries and a brochure has been issued under the title of “Knockout Blows for Campaigners,” containing some important data and many important questions. Some excerpts from the brochure published by the Cleveland Plain Dealer reveal the facts that 97 per cent of children have bad teeth; that physicians maintain that clean mouths would do away with 50 per cent of infectious diseases and that when op erating upon wounds surgeons cover their mouths with gauze to prevent g£rms from entering those wounds. It is also shown that a majority of children have their imperfect teeth drawn because of inability to pay the expense of proper treatment, and that dental experts claimed an increase of 09.8 per cent in efficiency after the dental affection had been removed. Figures are published demonstrating that over $100,000 had been spent by the city in re-examinations of children who had failed to pass the first ex amination through delinquency caused by imperfect teeth. The fact was then stressed that bad mouths are culture fields for all kinds of infec tious diseases ar.d that healthy chil dren at school sitting beside the pos tessors of such bad mouths are ex tremely liable to contract the infec tion. This campaign is in accord with a movement scheduled last August at the International Congress of School Hygiene as the first great preventive action demanded by the .civilized world. This is a question demanding local consideration, and one which cannot fail to seriously appeal to every pa rent and those having at heart the conservation of the health of this or any other community. A Briton's Tribute to Lee It is gratifying to read from the pages of the London Spectator, a jour nal which has never been too friendly to the south, the glowing tribute paid by an anonymous writer to General Robert E. Lee. The ecomium says: “He is probably the finest soldier since Napoleon, the embodiment of every soldierly gift of mind and char acter. His superb daring in the early ■tages was no more brilliant than his stubborn defensive warfare in the ter rible wilderness struggle. He took the measure of his adversaries and could treat Pope cavalierly and Grant with respect. Every day his power grew and his last campaign is a flawless ex ample of how great a force may be baffled with slender resources. And with it all he remained the ideal of a Christian soldier, humble, courteous, brave and gentle, so thnt with Sir John Moore he may stand as a type of the happy warrior, “ ‘Who doomed to go in company with pain, And fear, and bloodshed, miserable train. Turns his necessity to glorious gain.’ ” This tribute appears in a review of ! "The American Civil War,” by James i Kendall Hosmer, just issued and has commanded the general commendation of the British public. The south has never for a moment doubted that time and history would accord its peerless military leader a just recognition of his ability and vir tues or that fame would enshrine his name upon a pillar of glory, yet while storied "urn or animated bust" are ns dross compared to the honor and love that dwells in the hearts of those for whom he did battle, it is provocative of unstinted pleasure to behold a for eign nation placing a wreath of hom age in token of a memory that is im mortal. - —* Festival Season Approaching In the south May is the generally accepted month for festivals, espe cially festivals of a musical charac ter. For several years past Birmingham has had festivals in which a sym phony orchestra and vocal artists were the principal features. In this city s early days a large chorus trained to sing some great oratorio was the conspicuous feature, but in the last few years no attempt has been made to present large chorus numbers. Recently the musical forces of Bir mingham have organized a chorus of nearly 200 voices, and this large band of singers—the largest ever assem bled here—will be in fine form by May; and in order that the chorus may be heard in public a festival should be arranged for. It is hoped that those especially interested in musical affairs on a pretentious scale will take up this matter without delay and secure the necessary orchestra. Unless prompt action is taken the only acceptable orchestra available now will have been engaged elsewhere. The month of May would hardly seem like May in Birmingham without a festival, and now that a splendid cho rus is getting in shape it would be par ticularly regrettable were the season to pass without some refined and ele vating entertainment of the class re ferred to. The music loveis throughout this part of Alabama look forward to music festival time with keen interest, and if the festival should go by de fault this year our out-of-town friends would wonder and ask what had become of Birmingham’s enter prise. Few things have done so much to advertise Atlanta as its grand opera festival. few years ago Atlanta built a large auditorium chiefly for the purpose of making opera festivals possible. Grand opera is so expensive that a hall seating many thousands is necessary in order that receipts may come up to the expenditures. The Metropolitan Grand opera in Atlanta every May has not only been self supporting, but usually there has been a large surplus for the local guaran tee fund. This season Atlanta’s opera festival will break all records. The guarantee required was $50,000. This week the first day’s sale of season tickets brought in $41,000. Such a ticket sale is indeed phenomenal. When Birmingham has its audito rium a grand opera festival here every year will be in order. Since Atlanta has established a May opera festival it would be a good idea for Birming ham to have grand opera in the fall, and to make a specialty of a music festival with a monster chorus in May. But at the present time a May festival with orchestra, solo quartet and cho rus is all that can be considered from a practical viewpoint. Unless a decision on the part of those who promote musical projects is reached within the next few days it will be too late to talk about a festival for 1914. A Luxurious Ship A hundred years ago travel on the seas was anything but luxurious. An ocean voyage of any length entailed leal hardships, not the least of which was the time consumed by slow sail ing vessels in getting from one port to another, with a chance always at hand of being blown clear out of the course and delayed for weeks. Not only was it tedious and wearisom to make a voyage, but there were few comforts aboard ship in those days, none of the countless diversions and up-to-date forms of amusement pro vided at the present time by steam ship companies Competing for busi ness. To reach one’s destination in a reasonable period of time, considering the obstacles to be met, and without having suffered the perils of ship wreck, was considered a creditable performance. It is a far cry, even from the trans atlantic liner of 10 years ago, to the new Cunard liner, the Aquitania, Great Britain's largest merchant ves sel, which is scheduled to sail on her maiden voyage to New York on May HO. This magnificent ship will be, it is promised, the last word in luxury. To embellish the saloons, works of art in all parts of Europe will be opened by experts. The eight large suites of the Aquitania will be named after famous artists and each will be adorned with reproductions of the ar tists’ most noted work. The fumi ture, the tapestry, the carpets ant practically every detail of decoratior will be distinctive. Even the wrought iron balustrade of the main staircasi has been copied from a famou: French chateau. Tourists • have become accustomec I to finding on board the modern ocear | liners all the luxuries and convenien j res of a great hotel, with many addi tional features. Libraries, swimminc pools, gymnasiums and cafes are com nion now and each new liner that i= built contains more luxurious appoint ments than its predecessor, so that one begins to ask himself what the end will be. With harbor facilities a? they are at present, ships cannot prof itably be made much larger, although there is apparently no limit to the money that may be spent' in fitting them out for service. It is reallj much more pleasant nowadays tc travel on an ocean liner than it is tc stay in a hotel, even without consider ing the health-giving properties ol sea air and, provided that one is nol seasick, the delights of being on sail water, an experience that never loses its fascination for some people. In the matter of comfort there is simply no comparison between travel by train and travel by ship, while the passenger is infinitely safer on board one of the big liners than he is on a train. Except on some of the western roads where oil is burned in the loco motives, railroad travel is made doubly disagreeable by smoke and grime, and even on the roads where oil is burned there is no escaping the dust. By the time the Aquitania becomes as well known as the Imperator a new leviathan will be in process of con struction. What luxuries and marvels of shipbuilding that vessel of the fu ture will contain it is impossible to say. Doubtless, it will also be the “last word.” When Dr. Ilarvey W. Wiley, the pure loud expert, was professor of chemistry at Purdue university, :» years ago, de rision wns heaped on ids head because lie insisted in riding an old-fashioned higli wheel bicycle to and from the university. 1 he president and faculty members pro tested against this practice as being ridic ulous and undignified, but Dr. Wiley was not to be deterred. Recently this ancient machine was discovered in the basement of a bicycle an dsewing machine store, at Lafayette, Ind. It bore the name of tlie former owner. The bicycle will be sent to Purdue university to be preserved as an interesting relic of the mail who became famous as chief of the United .States bureau of chemistry. Alarmists predict that the world will face starvation before the end of the century. Just about that time prices for food everywhere wilt be on a par with those at present charged in some of the lobster palaces. The Austrian Emperor, Franz Joseph, at the age of 8.1, smokes 20 long, black cigars a day, which is ample proof of the fact that the old gentleman is able to sit up and take nourishment. A Texas widow wants to sell her hus band, who is a fossil, to the American Museum of Natural History. Very few husbands have any pecuniary value after they are dead. Congressman O’Shaughnessy of Rhode Island has written to 58,000 farmers in that state offering to send them free seed. What does he care? Uncle Sam pays the bill. A Paris reformer blames men for Im modest gowns. However, he places the blame on the men who make them and not on the men who stare at them so hard. Edison became so bored at his winter home in Florida that he sent to New York for a phonograph and some records. Some people simply don't know how to rest. An Iowa woman who laughed herself to death had probably been reading about the manner in which a Denver man hopes to raise the Titanic. A beauty of the London revue "Keep Smiling.” is going to marry a wealthy American. Some "dock's" heart is sure to be broken. Melba temporarily lost her voice in Bos ton. Birmingham having recently been snubbed by Melba, isn't going to shed any tears. v An eastern man recently choked his wife, who is a prominent suffragette, and called her a devil. Votes for women! It is positively announced that Miss Eleanor Wilson is not engaged. Great excitement on the woman's page. President Wilson hud a quiet time in Philadelphia last week. That’s the place to go for a quiet time. — — — — It seems that nothing can prevent Mr. Roosevelt from becoming a grandfather. BAD NEIGHBORHOOD From the Charleston News and Courier. Press dispatches say that a man who lecently disappeared from his honip in the west has been found "safe at New Yoik,” Another example of journalistic inaccu racy. No man is ever safe at New York. I* A DEB WOOD UNANIMOUSLY From the Mobile Item. We hear so little of Mr. Dobson these days that we have about decided that the state will go unanimously for Os.or Underwood. • THEY DON'T SEE THE JOKE From the Washington .Star. "You think the American people lack a sense of humor?” "Yes.” replied the frank visitor fiom abroad; ' otherwise you wouldn't find so many people weighing over 200 pounds wl*v game the tango." oHb j IN HOTEL LOBBIES Merchant Talk* of Active Trade "Our business was very brisk in Feb ruary, and we expect it to be decidedly active throughout the spring." said M. W. Searight of the Searight Reese Furniture company. "We had a large and satisfactory special February sale, and following that sale business with us lias been a little quiet, but it will soon be active again. From all indications l would say that the year IT* 1 I is going to be a very busy year in Birmingham/' HI rin I nali hiii’* I'opulat ion "When 1 found by looking over the New York World almanac for 1911 that Birmingham's population was esti mated at 180,000, I thought perhaps that was an exaggeration: but after spending several days here. I would think that 200,000 would be a conserva tive estimate,” said Joseph F. Dillon ot’ Chicago. "My only visit to Birmingham prior to tins was 12 years ago. The city iiad a brisk appearance then, and I was particularly struck with the beauty of the residence sections; but look ing back. Birmingham s«emed like a very small town then, compared with the city today. All cities of the larger size boast of handsome residences, but in addition to the hundreds and hun dreds of elegant houses here the lawns , and the artistic treatment of tin* I grounds surrounding many homes 1 greatly impress the visitor. Few cities: in this country or Europe, for that mat ter, have such enchanting landscape ef fects as Birmingham.-' Jenklii IJoyil .foilcm routing The friends and admirers of Jenkin Floyd Jones, for many years pastor of All Souls' church, Chicago, will be glad to know that this charming speaker is to deliver an address in Temple Em&nu-El next Saturday night. His theme will be "Who Are the Cultured?" An old citizen in speaking of Mr. JoneQ, said: "He Is one of the greatest orators l have ever heard. He came to Bir mingham several seasons in succession to deliver lectures in the university extension course, and he never failed to draw large audiences. His lecture some years ago «»n Victor Hugo, delivered in the old Tem ple Emanu-El, was a literary and oratori cal treat that 1 shall never forget." >lale* Chorus Tonight "A rare treat will be presented Thurs day night at the Ensley opera house by the Tennessee male chorus when it will render a programme of more then usual merit," said Hugh Hill of the Hill Sign company. "Having bad the pleasure of hearing ihe chorus on various occasions and be ing familiar with the ability of many of its members I do not hesitate to say that the concert will please the most exacting critics. Among tin* soloists are voce lists of known talent, including Miss Norma Schooler and Mrs. Williams of Birming ham and the Thomas brothers of Kns loy. "Under the able direction of Professor Alisopp, the male chorus has attained a. degree of proficenc.v seldom found out side ot' professional ranks. The pro gramme is said to be the best the chorus lias attempted. "The entire personnel of the chorus with one or two exceptions to composed of employes of the Tennessee company, representing all the departments, clerical as well as Industrial. It receives the moral support of tlie officials of the com pany. General Superintendent C. J. Barr being president of the organization." Great ln«ler*vood Majority "In a business trip through Alabama I beard a good deal of political talk, but 1 only felt an interest in the senatorial campaign," said R. P. Dunstan of Phila delphia. "As 1 have always voted the demo cratic ticket I naturally want to see Mr. Fnderwood, our great party leader in Congress, elected by a huge majority. Before T came south I supposed that Mr. Fnderwood would beat Mr. Hobson, and 1 am more pleased to find that the leader has the state by an overwhelming ma jority. "In some of the towns and cities which I visited Underwood seems to have it practically all his way, and even in locali ties where Hobson has considerable strength Underwood is even stronger. I am told that in the rural districts Un derwood is relatively as strong as he is in the cities. It would certainly be a rude setback to the democratic party if a leader like the great Alabama statesman were defeated. A bare majority for Un derwood would be very disappointing to the democracy throughout the country, and T will be glad to tell my friends when 1 go back that the majority will be much larger than even his admirers had been expecting." Croxton Quartet at Chautauqua "Of the many attractions at Chautau qua," said a prominent music lover yes terday who spends every summer at that popular plate, "there has never been a musical organization w'hich was so uni versally liked as the Frank Croxton quar tet. Not only is the quartet popular musically, but the members, Mr. Croxton, Miss Marie Stapleton-Murray and Mr. and Mrs. Reed Miller, have made many friends at Chautauqua socially, who sing their praises unceasingly. Mr. Croxton has been at Chautauqua for several rea sons, and his splendid voice and attrac tive personality have made a place for him that it would be difficult to fill should lie decline going there during the season. New York is not alone in paying homage to Mr. Croxton and the artistry of his quartet, but w herever he goes and the quartet Is heard the same delightful encomiums are passed upon it. The appearance here Thursday night should be the signal for a packed house, and this the Music Study club hopes to real ize." Bast Yeqr’s Ptauo llualnesM "I sold more pianos last year than in any year since I have been In busi ness," said Robert L. Seals, one of Bir mingham's pioneer citizens and pres ident of the Seals Plano company. "It w’as a good year indeed, and 1914 gives promise of being even a better year. My business extends all over Alabama. The great prosperity of the farmers accounts in a large measure for my exceptionally large sales. "This year has started off well with me, and I expect to do a rushing busi ness in the spring. One of the most encouraging things about the piano trade is the increasing evidence of dis crimination in the purchase of instru ments. With the improvement of the financial condition of the farmers and the country merchants a larger per centage of high grade instruments is 'being sold now than iu former yeai>." NAVY MUST NEVER SLEEP Franklin D. Roosevelt, Assistant Sec I retar y of the Navy, In the Scientific American. The primary object of the navy is to be ready in the unfortunate event of war. To this end all others must of necessity be subordinated. Just, as the police force of a city is of little value in stopping an invasion of a country by a foreign force, so the work of the gunboats and survey ing ships and obsolete battle ships in time of peace would count for little against the enemy's fleet in time of war. The day is past when it was possible to build, equip and man a frigate in six months. ! Now a battle ship which takes three years to build cannot be taken into an engagement by any kind of officers or i any kind of a crew. Many months of thinking, toil and practice are necessary to efficient maneuvering and straight, quick shooting. A naval war of today would not see single ships in action, nor would it see a fleet divided and scattered along the two coasts of the continental United States. A glance at the map shows a part of our activities and interests out side of this continent portion in time of peace. Would we then in time of war be content like the turtle to withdraw into our own shell and see an enemy su persede us in every outlaying part, usurp our commerce and destroy our influence as a nation throughout the world? et this will happen just as surely as we can be sure of anything human, if an enemy of the United States obtains con trol of the seas. And that control is de pendent absolutely on one thing—the pre ponderant efficiency of the battle fleet. A thousand gunboats, a thousand harbor defense submarines or monitors would avail us nothing. Invasion is not what this country has to fear. If the American people are willing to he relegated to the position of a nation unimportant in the great affairs of the world, without in fluence in commerce, or In the extension of peaceful civilization and high ideals throughout the world, they need no battle ships, they need not fear the loss of con trol of the seas. Students of naval warfare, naval of ficers, historians, are as a whole as de sirous of peace as any class of Americans; they deplore the struggle of the nations! to guard themselves with military prep-j arations, but they realize that we are confronted with a fact and not a theory. The day will come', they hope, when armaments will be limited by internat ional agreement, and they are ready to help hasten that day. But until that day is an assured fact the American Navy must keep the principles of a possible naval conflict always in mind. The efforts of all must be concentrated, as • ar as possible, on tlie preparation of the battle fleet. That fleet must at all costs be kept together, for division of forces is fatal; it must be drilled and man euvered: it must spend good money for target practice; it must contain the best material and the latent devices, and it must in its personnel typify the highest ideals, the greatest efficiency of Amer ican citizenship. ESTIMATE OF THE PRESIDENT From Life. When Mr. Wilson came to Office the* soothsayers were telling us that w«> "ere on the brink of social destruction because the interests owned the ma chinery of life, and the banks con trolled the undertaking business, and there was nothing; for the common peo ple any more except to work hard till they died and were buried for the profit of the powers in control. Folks can hardly feel so now. The tariff lias been revised downward; the new currency law lias relieved the bankers of part of the control of money, and the only question about the cor porations seems to be how much regu lation they can stand without losing the ability to contribute nourishment, transportation and the other neces saries to unincorporated people. Surely we have made as much progress as any people ever made in a year towards realization of the scriptural injunction against taking thought for the mor row. It is reassuring to have anxiety so far allayed about the destruction of our civilization by the capitalistic sys tem. But we don’t want to overdo even n good thing. Neither do we want to leave it incomplete. We look to Presi dent Wilson for help in both those par ticulars. He is not our lawmaking body, neither is ho our judiciary, but he is a penetrating and very influential mind, that can be trusted, we believe, to work for the maintenance of sufficient clear space between the capitalists, the labor unions, the social workers and the courts, for the ordinary American fam ily to live its life, duly nourished, and reproduce anything it may have that is worthy of reproduction. \ ICARIOUS TELEPHOXIXC From the Indianapolis News. In Paris the special merit of the telephone as a nuisance is how meeting with a corrective opposition which bids fair to have no small amount of success, in that great city, as in other cities not nearly so large, the busy physician or lawyer while attending clients in his office or during consultations is fre quently interrupted by the ill-timed persistence of the telephone demand ing attention. Somebody at the other end of the wire wants to ask a ques tion about his "case,” to pass pleas antries upon the weather, or perhaps solicit the privilege of selling some th'ng to the busy man. There has been established in Paris a new form of telephone service. In each, central of fice there is an operator whose duty it is to receive and record telephonic messages meant for those who sub scribe to this form of service and who may not be at home or at the office or do not wish to be untimely interrupted. The subscriber at his leisure calls up the special operator and gets the mes sages that may have been received dur ing his absence or while he was other wise kept busy. SIX DOLLARS A WORD FOR PLAY From the Philadelphia Ledger. All records of prices paid for moving picture sketches were broken recently when Gabriele d’Annunzio received a check for $12,000 from a Turin firm for a scenario of 2000 words. The piece is written in the true d'An nunzio vein, and deals with episodes of the Punic wars and the tragic love story of Sophonisba. 0 The most spectacular sections of the film, in the making of which 4000 supers were employed, represent the eruption of Mount Etna. Hannibal’s invasion of Italy, the siege of Citra and child sac rifices to Moloch. The film probably will be shown in the United States within a month. JUST IT From t lie New York Globe. Mr. Longsuffer—Say. janior, it's d"wn to zero in my fiat. The Janitor—Down to zero, is it? That's nothing. / TROUBADOUR AND JESTER A SILHOUETTE. At night athwart tlie way I stood And watched her window veil. A soft moon flung Its argent flood Upon her balcon rail. She came, oh. rapturous vision fair, And back the curtain drew; The moonlight kissed her lustrous hair As only Titian knew. i The rounded arm and curv-ed line Of palpitating mould; ! A silhouette. Raphaelesque. divine. Traced neath a silken fold. And then dissolved she from my view As starlight quits tlie wold; But, oh. the raptures that L knew, Unspeakable, untold. A FfRE BELL. Harry: “So you've lost your job on the morning daily?” Chawly: “Yes, I had charge of the I irth, wedding ami funeral writeups and with an idea of being original I headed the column ‘bells, knells and yells,’ and the boss tired me.” MR. MARCH. Of my Lady February I’ve sung, and now' comes Mr. March With cheeks puffed out and towsled head As a spruce pine, flr tree or larch. His nostrils wide with blizzards blow; His throat roars as a lion or bull, And from his noise you'd think he had The habit of Atlanta full. But It says in the almanac That he will not thus always blow; Though as Atlanta lie came in. Out lie’ll like Montgomery go. i V THE CRUCIAL, TEST. *, Lady Passenger: "This storm is hor- , rlbie. Is there nothing further, captaip, , that you can do to insure our safety?^ Steamer Captain: "We have done all, madame, that lies in the power of min. and nothing remains but to trust in the Lord." Lady Passenger: "Dear me! Is it as bad as that?" DUAL DUTY. Druggist: "Here is a medicine good lor man and beast.” Wife: "Give me two bottles of it! please; I can use one and my husband V the other.” SPURS CLIPPED. Mrs. Brown: "Air. Jones claims that ^ he is henpecked.” Air. Brown: "(Juite natural; he was a perfect coxcomb before his marriage. WORK BOTH WAYS. Absence makes tho heart grow fonder But when at home they wish ns, And we’re away, most of wives Nowadays grow suspicious. S1A1PLE LIFE. Since I was young the styles have' changed, And even names beguile; What then was lingerie is now' A bustle and a smile. »•••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••*•••*••***** GREAT TRIALS OF HISTORY -- 9 TRIAL FOLLOWING BOSTON MASSACRE □HE collision between the British sol diers and certain citizens of Boston on the evening of March 5, 1770. re sulted in three trials of those engaged in It. The first was that of Captain Pres ton; the second of the soldiers under his command ami the third of those who were supposed to have fired from tlie custom house windows. On this eventful night, which was the actual beginning of the American revo lution, a. party of soldiers, of his Britanic majesty’s Twenty-ninth regiment of Foot, fired upon a collection of citizens of Bos ton and caused the death of five individ uals. Quartering soldiers among the col onies was never a popular measure in America, and the citizens of Boston, in particular, resented it from the first. Out rages had been committed by some of tne soldiers, which were promptly resented, and quarrels were frequent. Early on the evening of March 3 it be came apparent that an unusual excite ment prevailed in Boston. Clusters of citizens were observed in earnest con ference. About 8 o'clock one of the bells was rung as if for fire, and soon after large bands of men were seen in motion, hurrying forth with clubs in their hands and uttering tlie fiercest imprecations against the soldiers. There were many slight clashes between the citizens and soldiers, including an at tack on the sentry before the custom house while on duty. Captain Preston, tlie officer of the day, sent a corporal and six men to protect the sentinel, and followed them himself. The mob had now received a great accession of numbers and tiie soldiers on their way were hooted at and pelted with snow, Ice and sticks. They were then ordered to load. After the soldiers had taken their sta tion before tlie sentinel at the custom house, and were pushing off the people, one of them received a blow with a club which brought him to the ground. Rising immediately, he fired, and the rest, with one or two exceptions, followed his exam ple. The citizens fled from the scene and in tense excitement at once prevailed. The streets were filled with people and there was danger of a general and bloody con flict. A court composed of justices of the peace was immediately held and a search was made for Captain Preston. After several hours he surrendered him self and was committed to prison at 3 o’clock in the morning on the charge of murder. The soldiers also surrendered TOMORROW—TRIAL OF GER COCHINEAL From Harper’s Weekly. Great quantities of cochineal are still made and find a market as dyestuff in spite of the aniline colors which have so largely replaced all old-fashioned d>?es. More than 1.000.000 pounds arc imported into the United States annual ly, to be used as a coloring matter for fine fabrics, certain kinds of inks, and confectionery. It is also used for tinting solutions and emulsions. Formerly it had a supposed value as an anodyne. Cochineal Is the body fluid of a scale insect that feeds upon cactus plants of the pricky pear, or opuntia group, whose fuit is the edible tuna. The insect Is a native of tropical America, and Von Humboldt gives a most interesting account of its culture as he found it in southern Mexico in 1811. He believed that this had been going on since prehistoric times there, and it is certain that it was a very extensive native industry at tlie time of the Spanish conquest. The cactus and its powdery white scales wore long ago transported to various parts of the world and cultivated until a total an nual product of about 7,000.000 pounds was reached. Latterly the Canary Islands yielded three-quarters of this, exporting more than 5,000,000 pounds in 1876, after which the industry rapidly declined. As it has been determined that it requires about 70.000 insects to make a pound of the dried product, the ex tent of the cactus planations in those islands may he imagined. We have in the southwestern United States a close ly related scale, the cottony cochineal, whose blood is a ^eep crimson. It dif fers from the true cochineal in having a heavy covering of cottony wax. AN A.-H. CARTOON From the Mobile Register. The Age-Herald's cartoonist hits cen ter. This time, Old Man Traveling Public has Just been divorced ffom a goat la belled “Those Coupons Ho Saved.’’ He was crossing the track, the goat leading a: the end of a string, when along cam; the “Surrender Special” and cut the string in two. The old man exclaims, “So long, by dear angora!” On the rear plat form of the train “State Official” and “Railroad Official” are embracing with gur.t joy, and “smack, smack, unariU.” cr.niew back like the sound of .ire exhaust of a locomotive. \ and were committed to prison tne nexi da y. The regular time for holding the su perior court was the next week after the tragedy in Boston. The grand jury found hills of indictment against Preston and his eight soldiers for wilful murder, but the court thought fit to continue the trials to the next term, when the people would probably be more free from ex citement and a more dispassionate hearing might be expected. The case of Preston first came on for trial before the superior court of judica ture on October 2b, 1770. There were five indictments against him. A few witnesses testified that he ordered his men to fire, but their evidence was encountered by that of several other witnesses to the op posite, and judges, in summoning up theid, charge to the jury, were unanimous in their opinion that he did not order his men to fire. The jury soon agreed upon a verdict of not guilty. The trial of the eight soldiers com menced on Saturday, November 12, before the superior court. There were also five indictments against them. The prosecu tion was conducted by Robert Treat Paine and Samuel Quincy. The counsel for the prisoners were John Adams, Josiah, Quincy and Sampson Salter Blowers. Every juryman from Boston having been challenged for cause, and set aside, the entire jury was made up of men resident outside of that city. A large number of witnesses were called to prove the allegations in the indictment, and that the circumstances were not such as to justify the soldiers in firing. Josiah Quincy opened the case in behalf of thev prisoners with a most eloquent plea, and he produced fully 60 witnesses to prove the facts alleged in his defense. Their ex amination occupied four days. John Adams also made a stirring appeal for the prisoners when the vase was being summed up for the jury, and the case was closed by Robert Treat Paine on the part of the crown. The charge was made to the jury by Justice Trowbridge. The jury deliberated two and a half hours and returned a verdict of not guilty as to all the prisoners, except Kilroy and Montgomery, who were found guilty of manslaughter. The third and last trial began on December 12, in which four men were charged with having fired on the crowd from the custom house windows. The jury acquitted all the prisoners with out leaving their seats. Thus terminated the judicial proceedings fn relation to the 1 Boston massacre. \LD, EARL OF KILDARE HliOODHOt'ND TESTIMONY » From the New York Sun. Bloodhound testimony must be very weighty, according to some of our South ern friends, who have written to the dun in past years their humorous disgust at the bloodhound of the drama, novel and saffron newspaper. These experts hold that the average bloodhound is a sumph, not to say an idiot; unable to find any thing, including his daily meals, with-\ tut assistance; with no more geograph ical sense than a dead jellfish. Their bloodhounds lick fondly the hands of pursued criminals, snarl at constables and other innocent folks, and when over taken by the fierce Mecklenburg rabbits of North Carolina, climb in wild disorder to the tallest turpentine tree. WEI L’S CONSERVATIV E ESTIM ATE From the Alabama Courier. ^ °1- Marcus \\ eil says that Underwood will have a majority of C'.\020 votes in the April primary. In this estimate lie givus F icurwood tnly 40t> nniiority in ld.nesluie county. If the colonel ts us cousciva tive in all his estimates us he la in tins,, Underwood will have in the neighborhood of 30,Will majority, for l.iinvstonv will give him liiorjs ti an douhl ■ lyt . ,tjunty. SOXU OF THE OLD LOVE By Jean Ingelow. O my lost love, and my own, own love And my love that loved me sol Is there never a chink in the world above Where they listen for words from below-v Nay, I spoke once, and 1 grieved <hee ‘ sore, ' ^ I remember all that I said, And now thou wilt hear me no inure no more, Till the sea gives up her dead. Thou didst set thy foot on the ship, and sail To the ice Helds and the snow; Thou wert sad, for thy love did naught avail, And tlie end I could not know How could I tell 1 should love tlie’e tod-iy Whom that day 1 held not dear? How could 1 know I should love thee away When f did not love thee anear? ^ We shall walk no more through the '. sodden plain / With the faded bents oerspread. i We shall stand no more by the seething main . When the dark wreck drives overhead: We shall part no more in the wind end the rain, Where thy last farewell was said; But perhaps 1 shall meet ihee and know thee again When the sea gives up the dead.