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_THE BIRMINGHAM AGE IIE 'ALD
r * volume xxxxm BIRMINGHAM LOSES FIGHT FOR REGIONAL RESER VE INSTITUTION j Continental United States Is Divided Into Twelve Banking Districts and Twelve Regional * Bank Sites Are Selected w - x*' ^ ALABAMA, GEORGIA, FLORIDA AND • EAST. TENNESSEE GOES TO ATLANTA •Three Hundred and Seventy-two Banks and Capital ol $4,702,780 Included in District Six—Notification to Banks l Entering the System of Plans for Districts Will Be the Next Step Taken 4 ^W*^WVWN^<WWWyWVWWSA^^I/V\A/V>/^W»/WWWWW\^<*«A/WS/W*WV>WVWWVW^ Washington, April 2.—Regional reserve banks, under j ■ the new federal system, it was officially announced tonight, j : will be located in: j Boston, New York, Philadelphia, Cleveland, Richmond, ] ; Atlanta, Chicago, St. Louis, Minneapolis, Kaunas City, Dal las, San Francisco. >. Washington, April 2.—After three months of consideration the reserve bank organization committee tonight announced ■ that it had divided the continental Lnited States into 12 bank ing districts and selected 12 cities for federal reserve banks under the new currency law. This was the first decisive step toward the establishment of the new system. The cities and districts are: District No. 1, Roston—Reserve hank will have capital of $9,031,740, with 446 national banks as members. Territory included, New England states. District No. 2, New York—Capital O $20,687,616, with 478 national and number state banks (not given) as members. Territory, state of New Y’ork. District No. 3, Philadelphia—Capital, *1:1,993,013, including SOO national banks and several state banks. Territory, New Jer sey and Delaware and all of Pennsylvania east of western boundary of following • counties: McKean, Elk. Clearfield, Cam bria and Bedford. District No. 4. Cleveland—Capital. **L 621,535, with 724 national and several state banks. Territory, state of Ohio, all Penn aylvania lying west of district No. 3, the j counties of Marshall, Ohio, Brooke and j Hancock, in West Virginia, and all of | i Kentucky east of thf* western boundary of j iH* fuUo.wii't; roUjitle?. i>°pnc. (Rant., Scott. Woodl'ord. Jessamine, Garrard, | Lincoln. Pulaski and McCreary. District No. 5, Rlchntuml Capital, $6,543. 261, with 475 national banks and a num ber of ,state banks and trust companies. Territory. District of Columbia. Maryland, Virginia. North Carolina. South Caro lina and all West Virginia except those j counties in district 4. ATLANTA GIVEN SIXTH DISTRICT District No. 6. Atlanta—Capital, 54.- I 702,780, with 372 national banks, etc. Ter h 'ritory, Alabama, Georgia, Florida, all , of Tennessee east of the western boun- j darv of the following counties: Stewart, j Houston. Wayne, Humphreys a*id Perry; all Mississippi south of the .northern boundary of the following counties: Issa quena, Sharkey, Yazoo, Kemper, Madison, Leake and Neshoba; all the southeastern part of Louisiana east of the western boundary of the following counties. Pointe Coupee, Iberville, Assumption and Terre District No. 7, Chicago—Capital. *13,- I 351,925, with 984 national banks, etc. Ter- j '•(tritory: Iowa, all Wisconsin south of the j northern boundary of tl\e following coun- i ties: Vernon, Sauk. Columbia, Dodge, Washington and Osaukee; oil of the ^ southern peninsula of Michigan, viz.: All that part east of I^ake Michigan, all Il linois north of a line forming tin* south- i sin boundary of the following counties: Hancock. Schuyler, (ass. Sangamon, Christian. Shelby, Cumberland and Clark; tall Indiana north of a line forming the southern boundary of tlie following coun ties: Vigo, Clay, Owen. Monroe, Brown, ». Bartholomew. Jennings. Ripley and Ohio. District No. 8. St. Louis—Capital *6.219. 232 with 434 national banks, etc.. ;«rrl tory. Arkansas, all Missouri east of the western boundary of the following coun- | ties: Harrison. Davlewss.,Caldwell, Ray, ! Lafayette. Johnson, Henry, St. Clair. Cedar. Dade, Lawrence and Barry: ali j Illinois not included In district No 7; all Indiana not In district No. 7: all Wen- j • tueky not in district No. 4: all Tennessee i not ill district No. 6. and all Mississippi not in district No. 6. District No. 9, Minneapolis—Capital $1. 762.864. with 687 national banks, etc.: ter ritory, Montana. North Dakota, South Dakota. Minnesota, all Wisconsin and ali j (Continued on Psfe Eleven) DEWS KETTIG Smith's Statement Atlanta Had Been Promised Bank, Right* After All, Says Birmingham Man “So politics decided the question after all.’* said \V. H. Kettig. chairman of the Chamber of Commerce reserve bank com mittee. “They told us there would be pA politics, Hut -Hie result shows pI?Tlnfy,~ H’-ji—there has been politics. They pick out prac tically the district we were pulling for and then place the bank at Atlanta, which is on the extreme eastern edge of lira district. “Well, Hoke Smith told 11s wh> :< we were in Atlanta that Atlanta bad been promised a bank when the law was passed and he seems to have known what In was talking about. However, the commit tee ought not to have, told us there would be no politics. Birmingham is the center of the district they have selected and nothing but politics could have placed the hank elsewhere than in Birmingham." "Of course i ant v ery much disappoint ed." said 1\ G. Shook, president of the Chamber of Commerce. ‘‘Some of our members thought we were overestimat ing the importance of the matter, hut t really think it will he a wonderful ad vertisement for the cities chosen.' How ever. T guess there is nothing we can do." Congratulates Atlanta When President W. p. G. Maiding of the First National bank was informed lhat Atlanta would have a reserve bank, and that Birmingham nad been over looked, he said: "The Georgians are won derfully enterprising mul usually get what they go after. I Congratulate At lanta." Mr. Harding was president of the Bir mingham Chamber of Commerce during i'.c reserve bank -fight. He spent much time in' preparing the data and made the address for Birmingham before the committee in Atlanta. To Form Civil Laws Washington. April 2.—Members of two c mimittees representing the national as sembly of civil service commissions, and t-:* National Civil Service lieform league 1 • pan a joint conference here today, to I pare a proposed model civil service 1j \ for state and municipal govern ments. I). V. l’uringlon Dead Chicago, April 2.—Friends of D. V. Pur ington received messages today telling cl* his death in Ocean Springs, Miss., his winter home. Mr. Purlngton for many .wars prominent in the brick Industry, v as a former president of the National 1 rick Manufacturers* association. He was 73 years old. interment will be at Ocean Springs tomorrow. n(HMI(M(M*M*M*****>*((****(***a*(*>**(v,*l*l*****,>*(l>****ll(>l**(**********************tt*«t»«i " DANIELS’ NOMINATION PROVOKES HOT DEBATE Senate Discusses President’s Choice for Member of Interstate *■ Commerce Commission Behind Closed Doors—Position of Valuation of Corporations Causes Bone of Contention Washington, April Confronted with the most serious nomination contest since President Wilson took office, the Senate sat throughout today's session behind rinsed doors, discussing the confirmation of Winthrop M. Daniels of New Jersey os a member of the Interstate commerce commission. A recess was taken to re VSiima the debate tomorrow, the third day of continuous consideration of the , > Case. Democratic leaders consulted after the recess about modifying the unanimous consent agreement to vote on the con firmation, some proposing to supersede this agreement with one to vote on re Ci.mmitting the nomination. This, it was ruggested would avoid any possible em barrassment to the President should the nomination be rejected. Friends at Mr. Daniels Insisted, however, that he event ually would he conflrmea. »: ... i Senators LaFollette and Cummins led the tight against the confirmation. Sen ator Martlne of Mr. Daniels’ own state, was reported to have told the Senate he had come to the conclusion confirmation would be a mistake. He added that per sonally he had the highest regard for Air. Daniels. Air. Daniels’ view on valuation of pub lic service corporatiou property, as ex* pressed In the Passaic gas rate case is ihe basis of opposition. In this case, the first to come up under Governor Wilson's public utilities act, Mr. Daniels' critics say that as president of the public service commission, he was too liberal in the val uation of the gas company’s property. The importance of the selection of a nu.n with sound valuation ideas was em phasized by sehators. who pointed out that the interstate comwerpe commission is just launching forth on a valuation <*l all the railways of the country and in a fewr years will be called on to ap ply the various elements of valuation tu rate making. ^ * __ _ RIHM1NQHAM, A LA BAM A, FRIDAY, APRIL l!»U FIVE PER CENT RATE INCREASE URGED BY S. REA IN ADDRESS j Pennsylvania Syst em Head Virtually Closes Roads’ j Testimony—Shippers Heard Todav i . . • j -- , I Washington, April Testimony I eastern railroads in support of their ap-j plication tor a 5-cent freight .rate increase ; virtually was concluded before'the taler- i state commerce * ornnlishon today by j FTesident Samuel Rra of the Penrisyl- j | vania system. Beginning tonionyv\ l.jku j | and rail shippers will bp hoard in op pool- j j tjon, to the iherease. It i:j probable that:} a I i evidence for both sld* s will be coin-j I pletfcd within the next few days. President Willard of the Baltimore anti ; jOhio, Delano of ^ie Motion. Smith »f I the New Vopk t e.rtral and Rea of the j j Pennsylvania will l»e recalled for cross- ' 1 examination. Mr. Rea's Rtateme’rrt and discussion tlie financial con*fill6ft of the eastern < railroads today related ‘ qitcretely to h Pennsylvania system./ but lie Indicated j that his observations ynd conclusion.: ap plied alike to all of tlx lines. H< *ic-J elared railroad returns, had been .decreas ing continuously, ami that unless the downward Ireud were arrested it w-ordd clippie their power to serve the .public, j 111• insisted that utilcss the roads, were j I permitted to increase " tin ir net income, ! j seriously retrenchments would have to be , mad*—a policy which he earnestly hoped j it might not be necessary, because he felt the public Interest demanded thu well manured railroads- should earn i leasoiiable return upon the efforts and their- property. Curtailed Expanses Mr. Rea went on to Ray that only re- j eently tlie Pennsylvania anci some qthe* lines had been obliged to curtail their operating expense by laying «>ff employes and reducing the number of trains op erated. because bf the falling off of freight tonnage and passenger traffic, which hail j induced a heavy decline mi revenues. Mr. Flea was closely examined, by the com mission and counsel, in. response to an inquiry by Cummisaibnev Clark a** to j what had caused a ifej decrease hi op- ] eratlng revenues In the., eight ’ months of the present fiscal year a.s .iiimpar^d .with | the corresponding period .of* last year, the I witness said: •A failing off - *rf, tonnage and an in crease of expenseS of openafiori. The latter yas due to .higher wage adjust ments. tlie *ssmi-monthl.f pi*y law, exti'a crew law. limited hours of service law, increased cp6t of fuel and general in crease in cost of train operation. ’' “Is it regarded as sound policy?” in DEATH TRAVELS IN NORTHEASTERN GALE Probably Fifty of Crew of Steamer Lost and Many More In jured—Sealing Fleet Suffers Heavily When Overtaken By Severe Storm—Real Fatalities Are Yet to be Determint-.u St. Julius, X. H\, April '1. At least 111 members of the crew ot lli( scaling steamer Newfoundland perished in a storm which caught them on the ice floes near the Strait of Belle Isle last Tuesday. I hat number of bodies was recov / ered by other steamers in the fleet, which also picked up 37 survivors, all suffering: severely from frost bite. Thirty members of the crew had re mained on the Newfoundland when their companions went out to hunt seals, leaving about 24 men unac counted for out of the total crew of about 150. * There is h possibility that some of their* were drowned by* the overturning of lee. takes. The fd earner Bella venture with 58 bodies and of the survivors aboard, *s due here tomorrow. News of the disaster was Hashed here by. the Bella venture’s wire less operator. The sealing steamer Southern Cross with 170 men on board tonight was report I to have arrived safely at Channel. N. l'\ Fears had been felt that she had horn wrecked In Tuesday's blizzard When the blizzard came the crews of other steamers managed to regain their vessels, hut the floes on \\hlc,h the New foundland's, men were hunting drifted away from the main body of tee and when darkness fell that night rot one had re turned. The ship's crew numbered I5t> men. of whom of 120 were on the Ice. Oiptaiu Wesley Kean, his officers, engi neers, stokers and cooks remained aboard. The weather- cleared today and Captuin Kean signalled the strangers Bella venture ami Htephano of the b»sn of his men. These two vessels being fast and ootver ful smashed their way into the floe, in search of tile missing men. Late today the captain of the Rellaventure sent wire less message** here saying he had picked up 3o survivors' and a number of bodies He estimated that 4o men had perished and said that. :M).were unaccounted i'm , A message from tire Stephen©' tonight said 3f» survivors had been found and three bodies, but there iv doubt as to whether- she referred only to those picked up by her. The wireless of the Bellaven ture was working poorly and her mes 4 < out I tilled on l*nge Ton) ENVOY JOHN LIND LEAVES VERA CRUZ FOR UJ. TODAY Return Revives Diplomatic Speculation, Although the President Calls Trip a Vacation Washington. April li.-—.John id ml, for mer governor of Minnesota and for tin last eight months tile: personal repre sentative irt Mexico of the President of the United states, willf st|il from Vera Cruz tomorrow for Washington, aboard tire presidential yacht Mayflower. The announcement of Mr. Lind's pros*, pent!ve' Visit, w&s made by President Wilson. with the explanation that hid, envby had requested a vacation and rest from iifs labors In a tropica! climate and ' that , as aot»n, as that had been obtained-he would return to Mex ico. •; - The’ President declared : that Mr. Lind's, departure for the Halted States should -not, be construed* as- ln the na ture of a recall or as forecasting anv change of policy by the Washington government toward either faction in Mexico. He said-* that no negotiations b'f-'an^ character* WferepeVidtng between the Huerta government and the United States and the recent conference be tween He nor Portillo y Rpjas. Huerta's minister Of foreign affairs', and Mr. Lltid Had dfcvelb&ed nothing tangible or import* a*. but was-merely a friendly .Lind's irij» to Washington, ncv / ‘(CiiUausd oa Paige Teal fW-/* ''f ’w. ' . : tA-- ' • * ; n . NO COMPROMISE IS SLOGAN OF WILSON TOLL REPEAL HEADS The Administration Leaders Buckle on Armor for De termined Battle — Mr. Bryan Visits Capitol [ W AMblugtoii. \pr|| 1!.—AdmIn1st ruIIon leailerN In flit* Senate Iniekletl on I liclr •- .* . ** ; r armor t«Hln> anil pliuiKeil actively Into the Panama tolls flglit, determined to maintain an unyielding position until the end of the controversy. Thcjugh the House L1JJ to repeal toll ex eirptfon • for American ships is resting in the committee on interoccanlc canals, thire were many Informal conferences • luring the clay relating to the issue and a:nong the ,developments was a visit, of Secretary of State Bryan at the capitol [ in' the Interest of the administration's I o!U:y. |r “‘No compromise ’ Was the slogan of the administration leaders in their confer ences. So many bills and. resolution/: have been introduced tending to cloud .1 he • idalii, is^ue of repeal that it has ih.een., defend npd to make it plain from tin* ou(set that no temporizing is to be 'cAuhthnuiu ed. • *• . No Delay Expected President Wilson told inquirers that ho) •t :;pecled no factional delay or filibiiste'*- j 'lb# 'and'had evcjry reason to believe from, 'vfijfttsenators lojd him, that there would j "be ’ a . prompt , repen t from the commit tee* bn ini fjVf>0 eai) K Va n a Is. The President • float Inurd on Page High I > U’outlmieil on I'ftjce Tenf TODAY’S AGE-HERALD 1—Birmingham loses bank fight. Rea speaks for rate Increase. Torreoti falls.info hands of rebels. Death travels In northeastern-gale. :i— Flagler line example of how people-are aided. : _ . j 4— Editorial commenj. 5— Reorganization of A-, B and -V about complete. Denial of refforts of lo<;al traction, merger.. ' Registrars to be'in session today-. Prizes offered for horticultural, society tv -Society 7— Sports. . . ' 8— J. -H. Whatley hurt in accident. 9— Daily newspapers' may. com trim*. Ill—Denied relieari/jg of Vunilrrhl.ll ease. II— Revised list of election officers. III— Markets. ■ ■ ’• ' If—Governor spent* yesterday here. | first photograph from torreon showing villa MEN DISCHARGING VOLLEY INTO FEDERAL TKS f ~' ——-■-: . XT s ^ . ■■■ 11 ■ -.- _ --—.. " " . 18 - I lie above photograph shows a detachment of General Villa’s forces immediately after discharging a volley into the federal army at the edge of Torreon. They Mere firing from the protection of stone and sand breastworks and Mere at the time under a heavy artillery lire. 'OLD LAND IRKS ST. AUGUSTINE FI i Records and Cuvios Dating | Bark to Spanish Rule Are Destroyed—The Loss Is Estimated at $400,000 St. Augustin *, Kin.. April j Historic St. Augustine, tin- oldest city in the I’nlted | States, curly today was .-wept by lire | which left in Its wake the serious injury of two winter visitors, the destruction of records and curios dating back to tho days of .Spanish rule in the sixteenth cen tum. and a property loss estimated to night at $4iM),0nu. Winter visitors from the north in five hiurist hotels, which were destroyed, (led into the streets before daybreak, iiumv of them leaving valuable personal b<-long ings to l»e burned. Several of the guests • si aped clad only in their sleeping ap parel. The personal loss of visitors in I tiie fire ha a not yet been determined Rescue work performed by the «m ployes of tiie Florida House, when* the I fite started, is believed to have n\tid many lives. Going through the muiokc I tilled I utils, they *|tii< kly aroused sleeping guests and aided them in finding their way out of the burning building. Twenty-Five Hursts Rescued Notwithstanding efforts by the Florida House employes, about Jf» guests who were slew in being taroused, were rescued by firemen by the use of ladders. Althougli all persons remaining in tho building were warned not to jump, firemen were unsuc cessful In preventing two persons from jumping from the second floor of the building to , t he ground. They wen Miss Alice M. Smith of Am herst. Nova Scotia, and W. F. tiidclings or Granby. Quebec. .Miss Smith sustained (Co it tin well on Ten) II APPEALS TO VILLA Says U. S. Demands Mexi can Traitors’ Release, Hut Holds Her Prisoner Denver. Col.. April 2. An appefll. which It is said '‘Mother” Jones smuggled out of the county jail at Walsenburg, Col., where She is held ns a military prison er, was forwarded to Gen. Franc! act) ' j.lu today by Jlornce X. Hawkins, at torney for the United Mine Workers if America. . The aged strike leader is a personal friend of tt»c Mexican consti tutionalist commander. in her letter, which is addressed "to my friends and the public generally, ’ Mrs. Jones wrote: ’ Tat the nation know, and especially lot my friend, Gen. Francisco Villa .know, that ihe great United states of America, which Is demanding of him that In re lease the traitors he has placed under arrest, is now holding Mother' Jones in communicado in an underground cell, surrounded with sewer rats, tinhorn sol diers aud other vermin." ; ■. I NT.URKli TORREON FALLS COMPLETELY INTO HANDS OF REBELS; MANY CAPTURED Gen. Carranza Announces Success of Villa in Taking the Federal Stronghold After Bloody Battle FALL FOLLOWS HEAVY FIGHTING THROUGHOUT DAY — Meagre Bulletins Excitedly Announce Victory—First Assault Was Be gun Just One Week Vgo To day—News Causes Hint in Streets of Juarez Gomez, I’alacio, Mexico, April 2. General Villa occupied Torreon to night. Some of the federals who had been fighting on the outskirts of the town fled, but a large number who had been defending the barracks and street barricades were captured. The soldiers were exhausted from fighting and when it became known that the enemy had been routed most of them fell asleep in the streets wherever they were. The streets are filled with dead and wounded. Juarez, Mexico, April 2.—Torreon fell complete!) into the hands of the rebels at 10:20 o'clock tonight, ac cording to an announcement made I here* fnnip'ltl hv ( iMii>r:i I \ cniKtiiiim ( urrun/.n. Tin* now* first was announced to the world when the bugler in front of C*ur rumai’s residence olew the stacatlo notes of victors. ’I’lie pnen, (Hiianza said, was sounded hfre even before it was Heard, in Torreon. \ ilia delaying out of com pliment to his chief. 'Phe meagre bulletins excitedly announc ing victory after the bloodiest series of buttles known to modern Mexico said that Villa captured a larger number of prisoners, and that the fleeing federal remnant was being pursued. Whether Velasco, the federal «onunait der, was captured was not stated. There* was heavy fighting today ti Is under stood. ami the end ciijn** when. afi®r cup* j luting the three -remsduliu: bfUTfit Its held In the cd\ by the fedwfals, the rebel® stormed the trenches and barbed who entanglements of tVinyon IK Himrfiche. Defendera Captured 'Phe prisoners captured are believed to v h u\e been the defenders of the barracks, while the troop® in the canyon which forms an egress from the hill-girt city were able to escape. The campaign against the federal stronghold of Torreon, the main object of the rebel campaign, began suddenly two weeks ago. after General Villa had spent months hi making the most cnre fill preparations. The rebel loss In this campaign Is said lo he more than in killed ami wound ed. Trains load**! with wounded have been arriving dally at Chihuahua tor the lust week. Villa .Mows Kapidly The rebel commander moved with a mpidity hitherto unknown In Mexican warfare. He worked Ids men in shifts, and a* ode shift became exhausted n© [ sent fresh hosts against the enemy. A ,number of small towns of lessor im I porta nee In a military sense fell first— Mapitni. Noe and iSacramento--wher*:* -t bloody buttle was fought. 'Phis opened a path for tin* main attack. Next cann lr*rdo and Home* I’alacio, populous suburbs of Torreon. and all j three connected by a belt street car line | I .erdo was not defended. |,ilt it took tdieo main assaults in which the rebels lost h**avlly to take Homey I’ulttcin. 'In the final attack on the city troop* were withdrawn from l,*itln. whereupon the federal* decupled it and another sangulnarv conflict was m*eessur> to re take It. Last Krlduy. six <Ihv- ago. H- acral Monelovio Herrera, with Id- owi i».iejui • and part of Bennvtd**- /.a .nmzn *i ig; a® • »f veterans, made the first .lash i Torreon. Jle «*nt*red tin **a-» unit penetrated to the hull ring north of ;h* j tenter of the town before in* was cheeked. Street fighting, in width hand grenade® were tile most useful weapon:- used, fol lowed. Henerftl Villa they at Homey t’.'laeioT t Continued on I’ngc Ten) , | Negro in Montgomery Jail Declares Companion Com mitted Crime Montgomery, April 2.—(Special.)—Arthur I .re, a negro, In jail here for the mur der of .J. M. Warner, a white farm r of this county, confessed today that War ner's slayer was Robert Emmet, l.ee's companion on the night of the tragedy. Warner was murdered last Friday night ;.m his body was thrown into tin* Ala lama river. The two negroes were im mediately arrested und lodged in the Montgomery county jail, in separate c ells. I.co said that Emmet forced him to ftC i ompany him on the night of the killing and declared that Emmet threatened to murder him if he did not do so. The irero would not confess until he was assured thut Emmet was in jail. The negro stated that Emmet killed Warner to secure a large sum of money whicn im white man had on his person, j Warner's body has not yet been t - i overed. The river has been dragged lot carious places tint without avail I The preliminary hear inn of Leo nod Lutiiicl will take place in a lew da.>».