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E. W. 11 \RKE'1T Editor Knit red at the Birmingham. Ala., postoffice ns second class matter under set of Congress March 3. 387'J. Daily and Sunday Age-Herald.. 18.00 Dully and Sunday per month.70 Daily and Sunday, three months.. 2.00 Weekly -\ge-Herald, per annum.. .00 Sunday Age-Herald . 2.00 A. J. Eaton. Jr., and O. £. Young arc the only authorized traveling repi • tentative* of The Age-Herald In us circulation department. No communication will be published without its authors name. Rejected manuscript will not be returned unless stamps are enclosed l'or that purpose. Remittances can be made at current rat s ct exchange. The Age-Herald will not l»6 responsible for money sent through the mails. Address. THE AGE-HERALD. . Birmingham, Ala. Washington bureau. 207 Hibbs build in g. European bureau. 6 Henrietta street, Covent Garden. London. Eastern business office, Rooms 48 to aO, Inclusive, Tribune building. New York City: Western business office, Tribune building, Chicago. The S. C. Beckwith Special Agency, agents for eign advertising. TELEPHONE Bell (private exchange connecting nil depart meats), Mala 4000. Slgnn of uohloue**, like ata*"*, nlinll pblnr on nil deierver*. —Macbeth. BEGINNING THE DAY—O Great God, awaken my spirit. I breathe the name air, nee the name nlglit*. live the name life wrllh the giants and the heroon and the saints. Show me how fleet-winged are thcnc day*. —but lion high, how radiant, If I do hnt pnnn through them at my full height. In Christ's name. Amen.— H. M. K. _ <? The Country’s Potato Crop The United States department of agriculture has just volunteered some salient advice and a quasi-warning to the people relative to the supply and raising of potatoes. It points out that quarantine by reason of the continued prevalence of disease is reducing the imports of the potato to an amazing ly enormous degree, and says “with our great resources it should be en tirely unnecessary for us to import potatoes, but unless production is in creased and maintained, years of shortage may recur, and serious con ditions may arise.” It would be a matter of little or no effort for the United States to double its potato yield as the com parative figures of the department demonstrate. Germany has over 8,000, 000 acres in potatoes, while the area in this country devoted to the same culture is but 3,500,000 acres. Again, the Gevmnn average yield is 202.5 bushels per acre as compared to but 96.2 bushels per acre in the United States. Germany’s acreage represents about 12.5 per cent tof its arable land and the agricultural department states that , if Maine, New York, Michigan, Wis consin and Minnesota were to put the same amount of their tillable land into potatoes and secured an equivalent yield, the product would amount to 1,558,344,000 bushels, which would be about four and one-half times the amount the entire United States is raising today. The potato consumption of this country is just three bushels per capita for every man, woman and child, and should the advice of the department be heeded we would not only have a sufficiency to supply our home needs but would be able to ex port annually millions of bushels to other countries. Simple Life Problems Discussing the discontent that crops out in idealistic social experiments, Gilbert K. Chesterton says that the difficulties of the simple life “are in no case in the mere physical restric tions themselves,” but in the “atmos phere of the idea.” He declares that “people dislike the theory of teetotal ism much more than the practice of it.” While vegetarianism may have its good points along with teetotal ism, the ethical alinospheie of the \ one and the religious atmosphere of \ the other are resented Quite as tiresome as the “atmos pheres” mentioned by Mr. Chestciton is the habit of proselytizing that seems to be inborn in people who abstain from certain kinds of food and certain kinds of drinks. Vegetarianism would have fewer enemies if vegetarians would stick to grass and mind their business. They are not content with being vegetarians themselves but want everybody else to follow suit. The more rampant among them when in the presence of a meat eater put on suclf airs of superiority that they arc unbearable. The teetotaler is much the same •ort of person as the vegetarian. His example is a good one, but he makes the mistake of trying to force other people to follow it. Naturally they get “riled” and balk. It is human nature ] to balk. That’s one reason why so j much good advice is given away and so little of it is used. "Don’t do that, Tommy!” and “Don’t do that, M&ry!” reiterated by a querulous mother day after day will make a boy bad and a girl stubborn, no matter how good their intentions may be. Brfigious arguments have split up | more families than almost any other ! rause. The vegetarian or the teetotal*' is, in many eases, it is said, a re ligious bigot on a small scale. H> makes his theories his religion and sticks to them with pugnacious ten acity. The result is that the laissez faire crowd who constitute the great majority find him a pestiferous sort of person whose chief aim seems to be to make his fellow' man uncomfor table. Being temperate in all things is the secret of a happy life, but it is just ! as hard, apparently, for some teeto talers to be temperate in their ideas as it is for and old “'soak” to be tem perate in his potations, while the caus tic remarks a vegetarian makes about a luscious steak are enough to alien ate the affections of his closest meat eating friends. The average man will eat and drink what is good for him and do what is right, anyway, if he is let alone. Mexico's Ever Shifting Status Rarely have the shifting cubes of the kaleidoscope moved with greater rapidity or with a more bizarre effect than have the features of the situa tion in Mexico assumed their spectac ular changes during the past? fort night. For a week the outside world has attended in breathless suspense news as to the results of Villa’s activities around Torreon, and every day of pro longed silence and deferred informa tion has but added to the ominous phase of the situation. Both sides of the border sensed the tenseness of the crisis and as no news of surrender reached the Mexican cap ital the growing insolence of Huerta became daily apparent. Not only his most intimate coterie of friends noted the assumption of an air of bravado but to those removed from the self styled President was made manifest the determination of the executive to maintain his position until recognition of his government by Washington was obtained. But the situation has again changed and Mexico City seems to be in a very paroxyism of fear. Reports of Villa’s success appear to be confirmed and the mob is about ready to do its work of frenzy and rapine. Representative O’Shaughnessy has notified the newly appointed American secretary of the embassy that it is dangerous to bring his wife to the city and warns all Americans to remain away, stating that news of Villa’s approach upon the capital will cause the community to be thrown into a state similar to (hat which would obtain should New York dismiss its police force and turn the city over to the rabble. There is nothing that succeeds so well as success and should the rebels make anything of a showing in their on-to-Mexico City campaign it is safe to presage that Huerta's following would melt away as snow would dis solve in the rays of a summer sun. It again looks as if the usurper’s regime is approaching its end and startling developments may be con fidently expected in the near future. • "■ "■ '• . .. Farewell to the C'ow Assuredly necessity is the mother of invention and the high cost of liv ing is flfccing science to discover cheaper foodstuffs. If the recent statement of the London Times is true, chemistry has evolved a perfect milk so that the cow may be entirely eliminated as a factor of our domestic economy. The1 new fluid is called synthetic milk and is based upon a discovery made many years ago by a Chinaman who discerned the possibility of sub stituting the essence of the soy bean for milk. The product had a disagree able taste and the process rested un til a German chemist suggested a composite fluid which should contain the exact proportions of ingredients found in cow’s milk. The basis was the casein extracted from the soy bean to which fatty acids, sugars and salts were added until a perfect emul sion, which is milk, was obtained. Then the bacteria that arc found in milk and the lactic acid bacilli, which Metchnikoff a few years ago ren- i dered famous, were added and allowed to act upon the emulsion until it reached that state of maturity which is obtained by cow's milk, and the new product creamed and also produced cheese and butter. The product was tested and the most expert dairymen were non- 1 pluscd in their efforts to distinguish the synthetic milk from the product of the cow. i There are two great advantages to be found in the chemically prepared milk. It is free from contamination of “milk born” diseases as tuberculo sis, scarlet fever and diphtheria, and it can be manufactured in quantities of ingredients tt> conform to the require ments of the physician’s prescription, such as casein fats, sugar or salts . necessary for the respective invalid or infant. Finally it can be produced much more cheaply than can the ordinary milk. The soy bean is now being grown most extensively in Florida and there is no reason why it cannot be as successfully cultivated in Ala bama. Its merit as a forage food has long been recognized and establishes -nd now i^aik the scarcity of cattl n this country promises a diminutio; of the supply of milk and consequen rise in price the product the farm ers of Alai a will be wise to culti vate and exploit a legume that is no only excellent forage but will supply them with milk of a quality equal t< that to which they have always beei accustomed and at a much less cost. According to an estimate made by ex perts in the department of agriculture, tin annual loss from hog cholera in ths United States is $75,000,000. The eradica tion of this disease is regarded as on< of the most serious problems before tin bureau of animal industry. The l^ss is approximately as great as that from al other animal diseases combined. Hogs valued at $00,000,000 were killed outrigh by cholera in 19111 and the loss to the In dustry resulting Indirectly amounted tc $15,000,000 more. Cholera is most commoi in the corn states of the west and south Tuberculosis and Texas fever are twe other diseases that destroy a great manj cattle in tlie United States. Although sta ti'tics on tlie financial loss caused bj these two diseases have never been gath ered, it ruri3 up into the millions. A pen and Ink drawing by Charles Dana Gibson has been acquired by the Musec de Luxembourg. This is considered a great honor for the American artist. The picture is “The Champion,’’ and shows a pugilist of the Corbett or Jeffries type followed by a crowd of admiring small boys, ft appeared originally in Collier’s Weekly and reveals, as so many of his other drawings have done, Gibson’s won derful gift for portraying character. Other American artists who have pictures in the Luxembourg gallery are W. T. Dannat, Frederick MacMonnies, Ben Foster, St. Gaudens, Paul Bartlett, John Flanagan, Janet Scudder and John Sargent. A professor at Vassar who was to have delivered a lecture in a nearby city on Raphael, got confused by train sched ules and his esthetic audience waited in vain. Which merely goes to show that a man may know all about art and still be unable to understand a railroad time table. When asked about the divorce suit brought by his wife, Henry Siegel used Ei naughty word, and said, “There is noth ing In it.’’ Naturally it seems a small matter compared to his other troubles. At the request of Prince Henry of Prus sia a speechless banquet was given In Buenos Ayres. Sensible man. lie’s not the first who would rather eat than listen !o promiscuous windjamming. A 50 per cent Increase In the num ber of German women with mustaches is •sported by Professor Hardmuth of Jena. Vlore encroachment on male prerogatives. The French aviator who took up nine passengers more than 6000 feet In the air doesn’t seem to care what kind of chances he takes with other people's necks. New York husbands were offered 25 •ents to act as dancing partners, which shows that husbands arc still worth some king, in spite of feminist hysteria. It is proposed to change the name or he progressive party to the “liberal’’ partj. By any other name it would still ie the T. R. party. Ah! So President Wilson didn’t know le was “improving’’ Dr. Eliot’s English? Still, that isn’t calculated to allay the smart. Representative LaFollette speaks of ‘crucifying the country on the cross of 3t. George.’’ Sounds like borrowed stuff. A 7-.vear-old English boy, who can leither read nor write, dictates poetry to lim mother. Give him a top. A New Jersey man who committed sui dde at ^ pleasure park probably believed n taking his fun seriously. Bishop Quayle says humanity needs map. He’ll never be Invited to address a pobo army. Mistral's faithful dog died of a broken teart. Somebody ought to write a poem ibout it. Homeward the suburbanite commutes lis way, bearing a pocket full of garden seed. How about some liniment for the British ion's tail? —■—■-— —-— It All J<<>AD IMPROVEMENTS Fro;n the Fort Payne Journal. The Alabama Great Southern railroad will make considerable improvements in ts freight facilities at tills place. The 'reight warehouse will be extended about >0 feet to make room for the increasing imount of freight which is being brought 0 this place. Agent Garrison says there ire or more country stores which get heir goods at Fort Payne, and as the jountry grows and tlie trade of these tores increases the amount of freight re ceived here for them is growing also an 1 hat rapidly, to such an extent that gomo .imes the present freight rooms are crowded to the ceiling and the additional oom is absolutely necessary to meet the ncreased shipments of goods. Fort Payne s a distributing point for a large terri ory on both mountains and is enlarging hat territory all the time. IN AN HEI.ESS LAND rrom the New York Times. Two New York men were touring Ire and last summer by automobile. On a lot July afternoon they came to an inn. Stopping, they went into the bar. A red dieeked peasant girl was the barmaid. Hie travelers ordered Irish and soda. The firl served them and then went on with ler interrupted work of wiping the bar. 3ne of the men tested his drink and found 1 tepid. "I say, my girl," he said, "won't you dease put some ice in these drinks?" Her mouth went wide open and the mop )ing cloth was poised in midair. Amaze nent held her silent for a moment. Then ?he found tongue in a hurry. "Ice. is it? And who ever heard of Ice n July?" Whereupon she fell to polishing again. I IN HOTEL LOBBIES I Will Improve Knplilly "It seems to be generally believer ' t-hat the interstate commerce com mis • sion will authorize an advance ir . freight rates within the next 30 days.' said S. a. Hudnet of Philadelphia. “Such action will help business more " than anything that has been done thi? ► >ear or will be done in the near future. The eastern carriers filed their peti tion months ago asking permission to advance rates 5 per cent, and 9 know not the cause of the delay. Not being connected with the railroads I have not : P»id much attention to the matter; but . now business all over the country is seriously depressed and In the east the situation is acute. Just as soon as the commission acts favorably there will be a spontaneous upward movement in nearly all brandies of industry and trade. Instead of hard times we would have comparatively good times the bal ance of tlie year, and with big crops this summer a boom would come." Hay HuMhton’N Strength "I have read in The Age-Horald many tributes to Capt. Frank S. White, can didate for the short term- in the United States Senate, and much about his strength in different parts of the state; and 1 would like to offer a few obser vations on Kay Kushton's candidacy,” said Arnold Masberg. ”1 would not say aught against Cap tain White or Mr. Watt Brown, the other candidate, but being an early supporter of Mr. Kushton 1 am natural ly interested in his behalf. The popular Montgomery gentleman is one of the ablest men in the state, and his cam paign has developed wonderful strength lor him. My information is that he will carry many counties and that he will Le elected.” Old Illyt<»n Cemetery “In furtherance of the plans for the restoration and improvement of the old Elyton cemetery, the memorial associa tion having tills work in charge urgently requests that all persons who are inter ested will identify and appropriately mark the graves of their departed so that such graves may more certainly retain their identity in future,” said a member of the newly formed association. “It is par ticularly enjoined that this be done with out delay and brought to completion by tlie 16th inst., as it has been arranged that a force of city laborers will be put to work on that day to remove the strag gling undergrowth and otherwise clear up the grounds. ‘‘The general plan of arrangement con templates individual attention to individ ual or family graves, the care and over sight of the grounds as a whole being undertaken by the association. “The next meeting of the association is scheduled for 3 p. m. Friday, April 10, at the council chamber in the city hall, and at this meeting a full attendance is desired.” Iii the >1 union I World “Those who made up the large audience assembled at the Jefferson theatre last Tuesday night are still talking of the artistic merits of the piano concerto re cital in which eight soloists—all ladies appeared assisted by a local orchestra of 20 pieces under the direction of William Gussen,” said an old music lover. "Each of the pianists acquitted herself exceedingly well. The orchestra won much praise. It proved what can be done by Birmingham's professional talent after careful rehearsal. Mr. Gussen is thinking of giving a Sunday afternoon concert with an orchestra of 25 or 26 play ers the latter part of the month. Such a venture might lead to a permanent con cert organization with a view of giving a series of Sunday concerts next season.” The Iron Trade Mathew Addy & Co., in their Cincinnati report for this week, say in part; "March had a poor pig iron record. As Compared with the months Immediately preceding it was a great disappointment. Its record might have been expected as pig iron buying is always spasmodic. There is not and never has been anything regular about it, but the furnaces have been kept fairly busy on old orders, and prices are being well maintained. The trouble with the iron trade has nothing to do with prices. No consumer quarrels with them, and everyone recognizes the fact that no sweeping reduction in prices would stimulate trade. On the contrary, there will be no revival in business until prices can be substantially increased so that decent profits will bring again an era of prosperity, enterprise and legiti mate expansion. The great trouble is that all prices except those paid labor are at a minimum. ‘‘Throughout the entire iron trade there is a universal feeling that nearly all our difficulties come from the deeds of com mission and omission on the part of the law-makers at Waahinartnn ” Alnlmnin ami Georalu Gold M . A. Kunkle of Denver, the prominent metallurgist and well known authority on gold milling, who spent several days in birmingham recently, and went from here to look over the gold fields in Alabama and Georgia, seems to have been greatly impressed with the gold properties he examined. It was his first visit to this Part of the country. On his return to Denver. Mr. Kunkle wrote to a friend here as follows: "My observations only covered a period of three weeks in the 'gold belt,' but during that time I saw a great deal of the country through which it passes, and from frequent tests and pannings 1 was elated at the showings made at every place I visited. "X was disappointed in finding only shal low workings on most of the properties I examined, ami tills will never develop mining in ,any country. However, the showings made on the surface and at what depth that had been obtained was remarkable. And if the values hold as even at depth of from 100 to CuO feet as they do from the surface to 100-foot depth, then I predict that within the next 25 years or less the largest pro duction of gold on the American conti nent will be made in the states of Geor gia and Alabama. But until some one l ventures to prove that values do exist to a depth that will insure unlimited ton nage, nothing will be done more than the shallow surface workings will produce. This is not mining and will never amount to anything. Mining must he done on lines that will insure returns on large investments, and nothing but modern methods such as are employed in mining districts in the United States,. In South Africa, Mexico, etc., will ever win In your section. "Tlie idea appears to prevail in Ala bama and Georgia that the saving of the values contained in those ores is a dif ficult problem. sBut I will take Issue with anyone In that matter and prove to him that the recovery of the valpes is not the problem that has lo he learned. I find simple methods that will not be expen sive and along lines such as are used In western ore reduction mills arc applicable 1—• i to the recovery of the values from the ore • in Georgia and Alabama. It will not be j the trouble of how to save the gold in j the ore; it is entirely a matter of obtain ing quantities of ore containing values i that will permit operating the mines, and I sincerely believe that the ore exists in quantities and value to warrant mining on a scale that will exceed the Iron in dustries as carried on near Birmingham now, if developed along lines as followed in gold mining elsew'here.” FOLDING POCKET DWELLINGS J From the London Daily News. T. H. Holding, “the fully furnished | man,” w'ho is to demonstrate at the simple life exhibition how he carries his bed in one pocket and his house in another, explained some of his contri jvances yesterday to a Daily News ln j terviewer. All that a man really wants to pro tect him from the weather and supply him w'ith warm food and drink need, he maintains, weighs no more than six pounds 13 ounces. Mr. Holding is in his seventieth year, and that is the sort of simple life kit he still uses. His tent consists of 11 ounces of silk, with a sort of fishing rod pole and aluminum pegs. All his meals are cooked on a tiny oil stove weighing just over a pound, but capable of deal ing efficiently w'ith a rabbit or a beef steak. Than _:i* 1.. . . to keep two people cozy, though it folds up into a package measuring 11 by 4 inches, and a water bucket hold ing two gallons that can be tucked into a space no bigger than your fist. Mr. Holding has invented innumera ble oth^* dodges in the way of concen trated comfort—pillows that weight next to nothing and are blown up like a cycle tire, pots and pans that vanish when they are not wanted, toilet ap paratus weighing only a few ounces, and so on. By the time ho is 80 Mr. Holding will probably have discovered how to get a spare suit of clothes into a watch case, and at least one quart into a pin*. Pft. Weather is a matter of almost com plete indifference to a man of Mr. Hold ing's stamp. In the shelter of his tiny tent he laughs at rain, has endured os | much ns 22 degrees of frost, and can I regard snow with composure. As for cycling, he recently completed his 80,000th miles on a daily journey between Pullham and the West End. TRADED IX RARE RIGS Topeka. Kan.—Kansas has the sec ond largest entomological collection in the world. Kansas obtained this by cor nering the bug market one year and it made the bug collectors “come th rough." Chancellor Snow, for many years the bead of the University of Kansas, found a little bug in the far western part of Kansas, of which there were but two known specimens in existence. Chancellor Snow gathered up five gallons, about 8000 bugs, and announced to the bug collectors of the world that he had some "tradin’ stock." The chancellor dickered and traded bugs. When he got rid of ills 8000 bee tles, the rarest in the world, Kansas owned the finest entomological collec tion in America, and second only to the British Museum, It is worth $500,000. When he collected the five gallons of beetles there was one of the beetles at Harvard and another in the British Museum, the only two specimens of the 1 eetle known, and collectors from .ill parts of the world burned up money by cablegrams and telegrams, sending $25 to obtain one of the Kansas beetles or agreeing to trade that much worth of bugs for one of the Kansas speci mens. This beetle, Amblichyla for short, lives in holes in the ground. Being blind and unable to fly, it could not obtain it food in the ordinary beetle fashion. When the beetle built itself a home by burrowing into the ground it built also a little trapdoor over the entrance with grass. It is said that the weight of a gnat would spring the trap. A fly or other insect that chanced to cross the door dropped >iown into the waiting pincers of the blind beetle just below the door. The beetles are an inch long and have a hard, black shell over the back. FOR A TOW X MUSEUM From the El Paso Herald. Every city, town and village ought to have its museum. The first exhibits should be in explanation of the country around about, a display of the differeent geological formations, a display of na tive and migratory birds that are to be seen in the open country, a botanical collection, and a display of economic products. Witli this nucleus tlie town should encourage loan collections of scientific, artistic, or curious objects. Here should be placed relics and documents, rec ords of the early days of the communi ty—anything that marks its develop ment. Every good citizen of a town who is interested in collecting anything rare or interesting or beautiful should have in mind leaving it to his town museum when lie dies. VALUE OF A NAME From the Cleveland Plain Dealer. The editor of a great magazine .sent for a certain author who had sub mitted an unsolicited manuscript. "I am glad to make your acquaint ance, sir," said the editor, enthusias tically. "The story you sent us is per fectly splendid. But why use a nom de plume? Let us publish it over your own name and it will make you famous." "I’m not after fame," objected the author, “it's money i want." “But you'll get just as much money in either case." * "No. I won’t. If 1 publish it over my own name my wife will get the money." FRANK 8. WHITE From the Roanoke Leader. The Leader believes that its readers who take part in the primaries would make no mistake in voting for Capt. Frank 8. White for the short senatorial term to succeed the late Senator Johnston. Cap tain White is an able lawyer, a line speaker, a gallant Confederate soldier and a consistent Christian gentleman, be ing an active merrdjer of the Baptist church. NVithout disparagement to either of the other candidates we believe the honor should go this brave follower of Gen. X. B. Forrest. It may be the last chance to honor him. ---- CARBON HILL PROSPEROUS From the Carbon Hill Journal. Carbon Hill is enjoying a continuous growth and in nearly every instance tho Commercial club has been instrumental in bringing this about. (Since the Journal was established here last September there have been a dozen or more new residences erected, and scores of homes added to and materially improved; many new busi ness firms have opened stores and estab lishments here, and several new busincs buildings have been erected. 1 TROUBADOUR AND JESTER THE NEWS IN MEASURE. Do you ever in reading the journals Observe how the captions appear, As though written in metrical measure That captivates always the ear? There's "Sweet Avis Linnel of Hyannls," "Carranza has Huerta at Bay;” "The Repeal of the Toll Plank Is Com ing;" "The Giants the White Sox will play.” And then from the dulcet and liquid Snappy and quick is the text; Chancing completely the measure To that which you find In the next. "Tlie Tango Tea at the Country Cluh,” "A Militant Suffragette;" "Ulster Wrecks the Cabinet;” "The Kalamazoo Gazette." "The Primary Is Next Monday.” "Champ’s Houpd-dog is Loose;" “The Crowd Cheers Billy Sdnday, “Rescued is Bull Moose.” ■Temperature Stationary;" "Bird Man Takes a Drop;” f know you all are weary, So just here I'll stop. MAT AND DECEMBER. In the spring a young man’s fancy Fiercely turns to swatting flies. But the old man to his tansy Garden turns for exercise. THE NAKED TRUTH. Miss Nacy is quite proper; She also is a prude. * She says her bungalow caught fire Because a wire was nude. REVENGE. Atlanta got that reserve bank; At Birmingham she’s mocking; But IT! get even; I’ll just kc« ; My wages in my stocking. NEOPHYTE SUBURBANITE. Silas: “I'm afraid our new neighbor i-a a poor farmer.” Jonas: “Green, eh?” Silas: ies; 1 told him 1 had to shoo his chickens out of my garden and he said he would pay the blacksmith.” THE PENURIOUS POET. Oh. would I could the muse enjoin To bless me with a sonnet, That I might barter for tin , Of^a's new Easter bonne? —Youngstown T«. .rain. Oh, would I could the muse entreat To bless me with a sonnet. That I could sell and buy some meat With what it brought, dog-on-il. —Los Angeles Exprera. Oh. would I could the muse so woo To bless me with a sonnet,^ That I might have an auto blue And a chauffeur to run it. STEP LIVELY, PLEAl- il. Bilkins: "Tompkins is tic- laski-t man I ever saw.” Willkins: “What's the proof?' Bilkins: “He gets corns cn his heels every time he passes through a revolving storm door.” x GREAT‘TRIALS OF HISTORY - TRIAL OF FRANCIS BACON Siri FRANCIS BACON, the English philosopher and diplomat, found it a difficult matter to prevail upon his sovereigns to accept his philosophy, and he was not diplomat to a sufficient extent to know just how to handle the ob stinate rulers. While he wrote letters de fending Elizabeth during her reign, he provoked her and her lords by his oppo sition in Parliaiftent to taxation meas ures in which the government was inter ested. When James came to the throne he fared better for a time, and rose rapidly in favor at court. He finally advanced to the high position of Lord Chancellor, but the enjoyment of his new honors was brief. The storm which had been gather ing against the government broke first on Bacon's head, and on the assemblage of Parliament, he was charged with bribery. The charges against Bacon were laid before the House of Commons in March, 1621, and on March 17 the Commons re solved to send the charges laid against him before the Lords for inquiry, with out committftig themselves on onfe side or the other. Bacon's health broke down over worry caused by tlie charges and he begged for time to reply to the accusations. Not be ing satisfied, his enemies brought fresh accusations. One of these was Lady Wharton, who claimed that she had given money directly to Bacon and had re ceived a crushing sentence almost imme diately afterward. On April 16, Bacon, who was sufficiently recovered to leave his house, had an inter view with the King, lie begged his sov ereign tct grant him a fair trial, but on the 20th he was given sufficient details of charges to be laid against him that he felt that he had a difficult task before him to answer them. When the full charges wore disclosed to him he at once realized that a defense was impossible. On the 27th of April Bacon made his formal submission to the lords, hoping that they would be content with depriv ing him of office. The lords, however, pressed for an answer to til* charges. On May 1 the Great .Seal was taken from him. The Lords, who were to be the judges of Bacon’s guilt, took the matter out of the hands of the Commons, the original TOMORROW—THE BACCARAT TRIAL THE DIAMOND STAMPEDE The Rev. T. B. Gregory, in the New York American. It was 47 years ago—March 30, 1SG7— that the first diamond was discovered in West Griqualand, South Africa. The excitement that immediately fol lowed the finding of the little piece ol pure cargon resulted ini the craze that pure carbon resulted In the craze that Into the shade. From every part of the world men began the mad rush to the Griqualand settlement. In the meantime a lucky dog of a prospector stumbled upon the “Star of South Africa,” a stone that was valued at something like $250,000. and the rush became a stampede. Well, to Kimberly there came a ninn who did not participate in the almost uni versal insanity—a man with a mighty brain, clear-headed, and quite sell-pos sessed, and with purposes that were al most cosmic in their sweep—a man who cared nothing for diamonds or the wealth they represented, except as they might he utilized for the furtherance of his far reaching arms. That man. as all the world knows, was Cecil Rhodes, the son o£ the poor English parson. As Napoleon strode into the midst of the mad melee of the French revolution, commanded order and transformed the wild chaos into empire, so Cecil Rhodes laid his hand upon the mighty mob of South African diamond hunters, quieted it, took control, and turned millions upon millions into bis strong box. The son the poor English preacher became. the “diamond king,” the richest man In South Africa, one of the wealthiest men in all the world. The mighty man—one of the greatest that has ever lived on earth—died in his prime, hut fortunately not until he ha J so arranged things as to assure the con summation of^iis noble purpose. He died —but he still lives in his blessed achieve ment—the globe-girdling influence of the “Rhodes scholarships," “the Cape-tc Cairo railway,” which insures British empireship from Cape Town to the Med iterranean. and the increased solidarity of feeling between the men of Anglo-Sason stock the world over. HISTORIC HOME BURNS « From the Decatur Daily. What is said to have been the first house built in Morgan county, with weather board sides, was destroyed by first last week when the old “Davis summer seat’ on Trinity mountain was consumed by flames. The historic old structure, built about 1S20, was burned to the ground. The home had been handed down for four generations and was built by Wylie Fen nell near the beginning of the nineteenth centun\ Before its destruction it was the property of Jeff Davis. Built years before sawmills were used in this count; . it is said the boards with which the sick were covered were sawed from the raw timber by standing the logs upon their ends and cutting down through them with cross cut saws. NOT IT I* TO THE MARK “Stand up, Julius Caesar. Didn't you have fits?” "Yes, your honor." "Weren’t you bald?" j “I was. your honor." "A dyspeptic?" "I was." "Dldn’f^.you write your commontiuii for political effect?" “1 did, your honor." "Thereby proving yourself withmu character. Below normal weightV" "1 was. your honor." "Then step over there with Napoleon. Alexander, Hannibal, Newton, Kant, Charlemagne, Tope, William Pitt an! William of Orange." “What’s the matter with them, yQur honor?" “Matter enough. They are all defec tives. They’ve failed to pass our tests. THRIFTY LOVER From Uppincott's Magazine. When she returned from her long stay at a resort hotel, she received him with an icy demeanor. "I'm going to give you back our en gagement ring," she said. "I love an other." “Will you give me his name and ad dress?" he inquired, as he took the ring, j "His address!" she exclaimed, in sur prise. “What are you going to do-kill him?" "No, indeed!" was the reply. "I want to sell him this ring.' I1E2D From Life. Consoler of our toils and stril.*, Of weary feet ami aching he^d. We solve the problem of our lira In bed. Relief from trammeling attire. Which like unrighteous rags we shed. The simple life that w*e desire ^ Is bed. We leave the things that merely seem, The husks on which our souls are fed. To taste the living food of dream In bed. From dismal bores and friendships vaUL Too little done and too much said— From pain, we fly to counterpane, / In bed. a ^ I : f 'r -* 'i • ■ „M> .4. accusers, and had become tbcinuclves '.no prosecutors, collecting and arranging ev idence, accepting or rejecting deputa tions, and doing all that counsel or th-t committing magistrate would do prelimi nary to trial. There appears to have been no cross examination of witnesses on Bacon's be half, or hearing witnesses for him—at t unnaturally at tills stage of tlie businvs.-. when the prosecutors were engaged in making out their own case, but considci ing that the future judges had of the,. own accord turned themselves into the prosecutors, the unfairness was great, In the accusations it was stated that Bacon had taken many bribes of $15tn). $2000 and $3000. The reason the seal was taken from him was that a person to whom it was attached was immune from appearing before a bar of justice. When he gave it up he said: "By tlie Kings great favor I received the great seal; by my own great fault I have lost it." After they had found Bacon guilty they intended him to come to the bar to receiie Ills sentence. But he was too ill to leave his bed. They did not push this polr.t further, but on May 3 proceeded to settle tlie sentence. There were men who talked of every extremity short of death. Chief Justice Coke, from his usual store of precedence, cited cases to the Commons where judges had been hung for bribery. But the Lords would not hear of this. "His offenses foul," said Lord Arundel; "his confession pitiful. Life not to he dis turbed." Rut Southampton, whom 20 years before lie had helped to involve iti Essex's ruin, urged that he should Lx degraded from tlie peerage, and asked whether at any rate "he whom till* House thingse unlit to be1 a constable shall come to the Parliament." Bacon was lined $203,000, and to be im prisoned within the Tower during the King's pleasure. He was to Lie incapable of any office, place, or employment in tlie state of commonwealth. He w i never to sit In Parliament or conic within the verge of the court. This is tlie history of the tremendoth? catastrophe by which, in less than tw., months, Bacon was cast down from the height of fortune to become a byword of shame. Bacon only remained for a few days in tlie Tower, being pardoned by the King. He lived live years longer, devoting tlie time principally to literature.