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THE BIRMINGHAM AGE-HERALD
* ■ * ■ — ■ _ __ - ■ i — - , iVOLUME XXXXin_k BIRMINGHAM, ALABAMA, THURSDAY, APRIL ID, 1914 12 PAULS NUMBER 345 HUERTA GIVEN FINAL WARNING HE MUST SALUTE THE STARS AND STRIPES; WAR WITH MEXICO MAY FOLLOW • ••••••••••••••a........... •••••a* * ••••••••••aaaeaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa«M«»attaaaaaaaaaaaaaata••aat*aas»ataaaaaaaataaaaaaaaaaaaa«aaaaaa•••••••••••aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa••••••••aaeaa•••••at*••••••a CONGRESS STANDS BEHIND PRESIDENT _ MEXICAN SITUATION REACHES’CRISIS GRAVE CONSEQUENCE MUST FOLLOW UNLESS REPARATION IS MADE 'Naval Demonstration No "Bluff" Say Congressional Leaders—Nation’s Patience Exhausted HUERTA REFUSES TO BELIEVE UNITED STATES IN EARNEST Patriotic Fevor Aroused At Capitol Over Departure of Fleet. Many Hold President Need Not Ask Congress For Authority to Land Troops I Huerta Takes Action Washington, April 15.—General Huerta submitted to an executive session of the Mexican senate today tbe demands of tbe American government for a salute to the flag. Xo report has been rewived by the Washington government I late tonight of the result of the deliberations. j Washington, April 15.—With a majority of the ships of the American navy under orders today to proceed immediately to the Atlantic and Pacific coasts of Mexico, the United States , government gave provisional President Huerta final warning that unless a salute was fired to the stars and stripes within a reasonable time to atone for repeated offenses against the rights and dignity of the United States, serious eventualities would re sult. It was learned tonight that General Huerta, when apprised by Charge O 'Shanghnessy of the proposed demonstration of the Atlantic fleet, argued that the episode growing out of the arrest of American bluejackets at Tampico was a fit subject for arbi tration at The Hague, and that he would appoiut a commission ' * to investigate the incident. President Wilson, in an emphatic rep)} through Charge O’Shauglmessy, is understood to have told General Huerta that the time for delay and evasion had passed and that the American government would temporize no longer. Administration officials hold that insults to the flag and questions of national honor are not subjects for arbitration. All Information, official and other wise, that reached Washington from Mexico City tended to show that Gen eral Huerta wan unconvinced that the lotted Staten wan In earnent anil thought the Washington government > was bluffing. Some ant|-Amerlcan dem onstrations at Vera Crus and other points were reported. DETERMINED POLICY AT LAST ADOPTED Developments here today showed clearly that a determined and forceful policy had been adopted by the Presi dent, which would be hacked up by ( ongress and enforced, If necessary, by the army and navy. While expressing earnest hope for peace, the President unequivocally told members of the Senate and House committees on foreign affairs that the offenses of the tie facto government at Mexico City could no longer be tolerated, and that unless Huerta compiled with the American de-1 mauds, seizure of the custom houses at Tampico and Vera Cruz and even the declaration of a Pacific blocade, shutting f off commercial intercourse with the United States, would be fully justified by prece dents in international law. It was established that no aggressive act such as the landing of marines or the shelling of any towns or fbe seizure of any ports would be undertaken without au thorization from Congress after President Wilson had personally delivered a mes sage on the subject. The nearly unanimous approval that re publicans and democrats alike gave the administration’s initial steps made it apt parent, however, that should Rear Ad miral Badger find it necessary, Congress would back up the American navy with out hesitation. After orders had been issued today for •, a naval demonstration on the Pacttto coast of Mexico, as well as on the At- j lantic, General Huerta was advised that the most powerful fighting force the American government ever has assembled *••••••••#•••••••••••••••••••••••••••••#••••••••••••< on sea, carrying thousands of marines and bluejackets, Is headed for the sea port towns of the southern republic ready to enforce to the extreme the American policy. MUCH DEPENDS UPON HUERTA Upon General Huerta depends the next developments. He has about a week to decide the question, for the warships v/ill not reach Mexican waters for several days. Meanwhile the United states has notified all foreign governments of Its al titude toward the Tampico incident and of the dispatch of the fleets to Mexican waters. This notification is in line with the previously announced policy of Keep ing foreign nations advised of all steps taken by the American government in i. Mexican situation. The position of the administration, as the President explained it to members of tbe Senate and House committees on foreign affairs, and as it was substan tially reviewed in the notes to all for eign governments. Jb described in a state ment given out during the day, which was prepared by high administration officials. The statement follows: The first two demands were complied with, but the local federal authorities asked for an extension of time during which they consulted the Huerta gov ernment at Mexico City. Meanwhile Rear Admiral Mayo notified Washing ton of his course and received the gov ernment’s approval. General Huerta himself never agreed to any salut *. but one of his under secretaries did make inquiry of the American embassy whether a small salute to the Dolphin would be acceptable. This was rejected as insufficient under naval practice. The time limit for the firing of the sa lute was extended indeflltely by Rear Admiral Mayo, after communication with W'aehlngton, during which sharp rep resentations were made to the Huerta government and the Atlantic and Pa cific fleet dispatched to Mexican wa ters. WILSON DISCUSSES THE SITUATION The President told those who con ferred with, him that there had been no notification to the fleet of any pro hibition against landing where the blue jackets docked and while placing most emphasis on the Tai»pico Incident he reviewed other offenses, such as the CContinued from Page Eight, INTENSE INTEREST IN DEVELOPMENTS; TAMPICO INCIDENT FELT OVEN MEXICO General Villa and Victory at San Pedro Virtually Is i Lost S' of By 7/,e f CARRA?//VIEWS SITUA V N AS ONE OF ; I) // EST GRAVITY Convinced That Huerta Will Not Hes itate to Plunge Mexico Into War for Personal Interest When He Keels His Power Crumbling El 1*hno, Tex., April I • ».—(ienernl i . \ llln find hlM latent victory at San Pc- t I ilro were virtually l«nf night of among 1 i Mexican* ami refugeen here and In j Juarez today In the Intenne Interent felt over dcvelopmentn of the Tniuptco In cident. General Carranza, at Chihuahua, was kept fully informed of the orders to the fleet and the attitude of Washington, but no statement of the position he would as sume should the Americans take Tampico and Vera Cruz was forthcoming. Among officials the word went round not to comment on the situation, but it was learned from the Ups of one of Car ranza's closest advisers that Carranza views the whole situation as one, of the greatest gravity to Mexico as a whole. Robert V. Pesqueira. confidential agent of the constitutionalists in El Paso, said for publication that all rebel leaders are convinced that Huerta would not hesitate to plunge the whole country into a for eign wai w!i<?n hr feels his power crumb ling. thinking to save himself by unit ing the country against an alien enemy. London Comment London, April 15.—Most of the London morning papers commenting ujK>n the Mexican situation sympathize with Pres ident Wilson in the Mexican tangle, while at the pame time contending that difli culties were largely brought about by his Idealistic policy. Much curiosity is expressed over the irtentlons of the United States, because although it generally is believed Huerta will yield, it is pointed out that should he remain obdurate the mere occupation of Tampico would not hav$ much prac tical effect, and that the blockade of Vtra Cruz would be the only measure that would deal a serious blow to thu Huerta regime. The Daily Telegraph cannot believe Piesident Wilson intends to put into ef fect a resolute military intervention, and sees no hope of putting an end to "the anarchy which has resulted from ine Wilson policy or moral intervention.” The Dally Graphic considers that Pres ident Wilson’s high moral purposes have landed the United States and the Pres ident himself “in a situation of the great est difficulty and embarrassment.” The Graphic continues: 'Mexico must be conquered or left alone. The idea that intervention can be limited to the occupa tion of Tampico anti Vera Cruz is a fresn delusion which would be speedily shat tei ed.” The Standard says: “The big stick which Roosevelt would have used long ago at last has been grasped. The doo** of peace is still open, aut It rests with Huerta to avail himself of the chance.” SOUTHERN SOCIETY HOLDS MEETING Washington. April 15.—Dixie's sons and daughters sang praises of her rapid com mercial development and expanding influ ence in national affairs at the third banquet tonight of the southern society of Washington. Secretaries Bryan and Daniels put aside for the hour their re sponsibilities to attend, and other notable diners included Maurice Kgan, minister to Denmark, many of the southern con gressional delegation and southerners in Washington official life. The scene was enlivened by the fre quent singing of Dixie melodies. An old time negro quartet led in songs that found unanimous response. NEWTRIALFORFRANK TO BE ASKED TODAY Filing of Motion Will Auto matically Stay Execution For Time Being Atlanta, April 15.—Counsel for Leo M. Frank, the young factory Superintendent under sentence of death for the murder here of Ills employe, Mary Pliagan, a 14 year-old factory girl, tonight completed plans for the filing of an extraordinary motion for a new trial for Frank tomor row. Filing of the motion will automatically stay the execution of Fhank until Judge Hill, of the superior court, makes a decision on the new trial application. The convicted man is now sentenced to hang Friday. The motion for a "hew trial will be based on the claim of newly discovered evidence and the repudiation of testimony given by witnesses at the previous trial of F’rank. Methods used by the prosecution In pre paring the case against Frank also ara Attacked In tlie application. & wsfc'' 6'■■■■! >.. s* AMERICAN BATTLERS UNDER FULL STEAM SPEED FOR MEXICO Ob Board the baited State* Steam ship Arkaaaas, at Sea, April 15—Four dreadnoughts of the Atlaatlc fleet, ua der Rear Admiral Badger, the «ea aaadrr la ohlef, steamed out of Hamp toa Roads at aooa today and turaed southward to Jola the Amorteam naval % force off Tampico. i Under orders to maintain a speed of i 11V4 knots an hour, they should make the Mexican port next Wednesday. In the squadron that felt lta way oqt to sea through the heavy fog hanging over the roads were the great flagship Arkansas, and the Vermont, New Hamp shire and New Jersey. The last man to leave the Arkansas for shore was Rear Admiral Flsite, chief SC the navy bureau of operations, who I I had brought Admiral Badger hla orders Irom Washington. Key West, Fla., April 15.—Several mes sages from the United States battleships now oft Tampico were received at the fovernment wireless station here today and forwarded to Washington. Their contents are unknown. Philadelphia, April 15.—The battleship Michigan, one of the Units of the Atlantic fleet ordered to concentrate at Tampico, late today left the Philadelphia navy raid. Seattle. Wash., April 15.—The cruisers Albany and Pittsburg, at the Puget Sound navy yard, arc taking on C04I and am munition. The Albany has been ordered .............I INTERVENTION INEVITABLE IS BELIEF OF CONGRESSMEN W nNhiiiR(on, \pril 15.—( Special. I Nine members of ('omteim oat of ten now believe th »4 Intervention In flex ion I* Inevitable. VI hether Huerta at the la*t moment weaken* nail Malute* tlie flan make* little difference In the opinion of practically all who iIInciinm tlie niibject. The crafty Mexican dic tator, It it* believed, will lie itoveroed InrRcly by the Nitiiatlon af Torrcou. If the federal army under hi* lenderMhlp It 11* n ehnnee to retrieve It* fallen for tune* at Torreon anil beat V ilia In the cud It In believed thnt If aorta will for the time attempt to plaeate the ( lilted State*, hut If be liellcven that V illa i* By C. E. STEWART to he finally vlctorloiid over hid troops* | hr Mill iniKiavutc rot lier than otlier >Im* th»* i.ldrnhK hrmrb hrtMrrn Mex ico amt ttiln Koveramcnt. It Is believed here that the Mexican President had rather precipitate a war ! with the United States and go down In defeat before a powerful nation than to allow tlie rebels In bis own country to finally become victorious over him. which would probably mean not only the loss of his power and money, but maybe the loss of his life as well. Also, Huerta Is sure. It Is said, that nothing will unite Mexico so surely as the Invasion of that country by an armed force from the United States. Final Warning The war-like demonstration by United States ships in Mexican waters is the final warning by tills government to Mexico that our national patience 1k about exhausted. The question of upholding Admiral Mayo is. of morse, the Inspire - tlon of the moment, und was the immedi ate cause for action, but the subsequent actions of tlie Mexican government will make little difference; the fleet ami the marines are there because President Wil son has conferred with John Lind ami the saluting of our flag demunded as reparation for an insult to our marines, Is a mere incident. Indeed. Tuesday ufternoon senatora ami representatives in Congress who have been lulled to sleep by the monotony of Mexican affairs, were at first disposed to criticize the President for what ap peared to he a hasty and unnecessarily (Continued on huge INI net READJUSTMENT OF PASSENGER RATES EFFECTIVE MAY I New Tariffs Indicate Mate rial Fare Reductions, Par ticularly from Import ant Terminals Washington, April 15.—Readjustment of passenger rates on all Interstate railroads In the United States, in conformity with the long and short hault provision of the law, under orders of the interstate com merce commission, will become effective May 1. The new tariffs filed by the roads with the commission indicate a material fare reduction, particularly from Impor tant terminals, ami rate basing points to intermediate points. Officials of the commission, after an analysis of tlie tariffs, estimate that “'Jo per cent of the changes in fares will he reductions" and 5 per cent increases. In such advances as are made the increases are where traffic to Intermediate points is so great as to affect seriously the rev enues of the roads. Soon after the enactment of the long and short haul provision the commission ordered the. carriers to re-adjust their pas senger fares, but postponed the effective date of its order pending a supreme court decision in the Minnesota rate case and other cases involving the fight of states to tlx rates. Later the supreme cotirt upheld the authority of states to make rates, and the commission directed the roads to readjust their passenger fares by May 1. The commission has no means of deter mining accurately to what extent compli ance with the orders will affect revenues, because that will depend largely on the volume of traffic, which is variable. While some rates on long hauls will bt: Increased, fares on the shorter hauls tu Intermediate points will be reduced ma terially in a great majority of instances. It is provided that no Interstate fares may exceed the sum of the local rates, and in the making up of interstate fares th* rates fixed by authorities of states must be observed. THEODORE LACY FILES AN APPEAL Montgomery, April 16.—(Special.)—A certificate of appeal has been filed ir the court of appeals in the Theodore Lacy case. No transcript accompanied the I certificate. Under the rules, Lacy may I enter his bill of exceptions so as to sub mit his case in May or December. JURY IN WALTERS KIDNAPING CASE IS FINALLYjELECTED Defense Will Attempt to Prove Walters Was Mis taken for an Itinerant Stove Mender Opelousas, La.. April 16.—The Jury that is to determine the guilt or innocence of W. B. Walters, charged with kidnaping Robert Dunbar, 5-year-old son of Mr. and Mrs. C. P. Dunbar of this city, was com pleted in district court here today. Right jurors had been selected when court ad journed yesterday, and the following Jurors were accepted today from the spe cial venire that had been summoned: Hypolite Miller, merchant: Walter Sibille, farmer; Antoine Lamaury, manager farm ers’ warehouse; J. B. Sibille, farmer. H. L. Linder and Alex Edwards, who traveled through the country in a wagon selling and mending stoves, arrived here today, having been summoned as wit nesses for the defense. It Is claimed by the defense that Linder resembles Wal ters and that he was in this vicinity at the time Robert Dunbar disappeared from a Sunday school picnic. The de fense had stated 111 asking for a con tinuance that they would attempt to prove that witnesses for the state had confused Walters and his tinker’s outfit with Lin der and his outfit. The motion for a continuance was overruled when Under and Edwards were located near Richland, and subpoenaed to appear here. REPEAL OF CANAL TOLLS EXEMPTION URGEDBY STRAUS Only Witness Before Com mittee Yesterday—Rus sell Dunn Expected to Testify Today Washington, April 15.—Oscar S. Straus, secretary of commerce ahd labor In the Roosevelt cabinet, advocated repealing the Panama tolls exemption today he ft re the Senate canals committee. The committee then adjourned because there was no other witness to be heard. Mr. Straus declared the exemption clause should he repealed regardless of I the attitude of Great Britain, and added l that there should bo no quibbling over the construction of a treaty on which the brlghcst members of the Senate and House and the most prominent interna tional lawyers are divided. “Are we now to cast aside all our high purposes for $2,000,000 annually?” he a Meed. “Are we to sacrifice our self ieapect for the opinions of mankind for ll is miserable mess of pottage?'* Mr. Straus declared former President Roosevelt believed the exemption of coastwise shipping did not violate the Hay-Pauneefote treaty, and thought the question should bo submitted to arbitra tion. Russell Dunn of Sun Francisco, is ex pected to testify tomorrow', and Dr. Er nest Richard of New York, president of the Germun-American Peace society, may appear later in the day. A committee from tiie New York Chamber of Com merce is to testify P/tnuy, and several Now Orleans men have asked to be heard next w-eek. DALLAS WILLFORM A HENDERSON CLUB Selina. April 15.—(Special.)—A call lias been issued to the voters of Selma and Dallas county for a meeting to be held in tin* courtroom at the courthouse at noon Thursday for the formation of the Dallas county Charles Henderson club. Mr. Henderson Iiuh a largo number oi supporters among the voters of Selma and Dallas county. These friends will work hard during the < ampaign to see that he receives the nomination in the state primaries which are to be held ou Mon day, May U. t T ** TODAY’S AGE-HERALD 1— War with Mexico seriously threat ened. American battlers speeding to Tam pico. Oklahoma militia disregards order. Jury selected in kidnaping case. 2— Heavy ruins In Madison county. 3— Bessemer voters to have lively time. 4— Editorial comment. b—Civic chamber launches membership campaign. Mercy Home directors make unique appeal. Four companies Involved In merger. Former senator from Iowa here. 6— Society. 7— Sports. 'Tennessee company gets big order, i 9—Comer launches run-off campaign. F — Markets. 15—Meningitis no* assuming epidemic form In Bessemer. Contest Over Racing In Tul sa Culminates in Dras tic Action GOVERNOR DECLARES MARTIAL LAW Judne's Restraining Order Not Obeyed by State Troops and Single Vol ley Stops Racing—Several Are Arrested Tiilra, Oklii, April 15.—Disregarding restraining order Issued by Judge M. A. Breekenridge of the superior court, state troops today took possession of the Tulsa fair grounds, proclaimed under martial lev. by (lovernor Fruee, and when an at t» nipt whs made to run the races carded f. • the afternoon, a squad of militiamen f red u volley over the heads of the jock eys. With this show of force ami the dec laration of Frank M. Panton, adjutant general, who whs in personal command of the troops, that if another race was started the militiamen would lire to kill the horses, officials of the Tulsa Jockey club ordered the spring race meeting, which began Monday, abandoned tetnpo lLvIly at least. C ulmination of C ontest Today's action brought culmination a < on test as to the i Is-tit of "bonkmaK | ers" to operate at the track. Monday I open betting was permitted ami Monday night application was riled by county officials before District Judge B M. I’o® asking that an Injunction be Issued pro 1.11 ltlng the placing of wagers. Tues. dry, despite a restraining order Issued I y Judge I'oe, report was made to the governor that violations of the state an ti-gambling laws continued and last night tim proclamation declaring the truck un der martial law was Issued. What will he the nexf move on the pa»t Of the Jockev club to test the legality »f toe order declaring martial law has not 1 c» n determined Preparations had been made to make application before the et ‘ rt of criminal appeals In Oklahoma t'n\ for writs of habeas eorpu.i In be half of three men arrested by the mtlt t'.' today, but the release of the men earl> tonight made necessary the aban donment of this plan, officials of the c'uh and their attorneys were In con ft i dice fot several hours tonight. I wo ( ompanics Employed Twm companies of militia were em ployed in stopping the races today. First the stands were cleared of spectators an:| ■ rden given formally tor tin disc.ontu;* uatice of the rikM'H. This order was dl • egmded and 10 horses entered in the first race were sent .«• ttie post. Ttit starter lost no time in dropping the bar net arid ns the horses entered the stretch if • inilUlutnen fired over the heads of the jockeys. « J. M. Mtcwail, ;i private detective, who h; d ref lifted to leave tfle grounds, a sta ble boy. who attempted to lead a horse f cm the track, aurl n spectator, who tried to force his way through the guard lines, were arrested. ''he order Issued by Judge Brocken bridge was secured by officials of the Jockey club ami directed the adjutant r.eneral not to Interfere with the running of races. (Jenerul Clanton, however, held i ha,' the court was without jurisdiction in view of the fact, tlmt martial law had t ecu proclaimed. Subsequent court or ders, Uencral Clanton declared, would likewise be disregarded ho long as mar* I tin I law prevailed. The troops remained on duty at the lair grounds tonight. Tomorrow- morning tminers will be ullow'ed to exercise their horses, but the gates of the track wilt remain closed and no one will lie al lowed to enter during the afternoon. I LEAPS GUILTY TO PERJURY CHARGE Now York, April 15. Karl Dresner, one of the eleventh hour witnesses before Supreme Court Justice Goff last Saturday in tile final effort of the four gunmen, slayers of Herman Koscnthul, to obtain a new triul, was arrested today after confessing himself a perjurer in u signed statement to District Attorney Whitman. Justice Goff last Saturday denounced the testimony of Dresner and the three others as worthless and unreliable. The prosecutor announced he would Investi gate the source of the testimony. Hearing lids. Dresner tod*> appeared voluntarily at Mr. Whitman's office a few hours after the prosecutor hud succeeded In having May il, tentatively fixed as the dUy for tin* beginning of the second trial of Charles Becker. Dresner was examined sharply by Mr. Whitman and after signing a statement in which he admitted that lie told niunx lies on the stand In the final effort to save the gunmen, he then was arraigned before a committing magistrate and locked up In the Tombs for u hearing before the grand jury. In court he pleaded guilty to a charge of perjury. StNAIUHSlMtH ON TRUST MEASURE | _ New lands Thinks Bill Will Be Ready in Another Week Washington. April 15.—Senator Now lands, chairman, and Senator Robinson 6f the Interstate commerce committee, * conferred with President Wilson t«day rel ative to the antitrust legislative pro gramme. It wa.s announced after the conference that they, as members of a subcommittee, would submit to the full committee soon their draft of an anti trust hill. When the committee would report it to the Senate was not announced definitely. Senator Newlands said he thought the bil Imight he ready within a week or 10 days, but Senator Robinson 1 thought the bill might be ready within | two or three weeks. j That tile Senate committo will not take I the omlbus bill prepared in the House as I h basis for its measure was apparent, I iiow ver. and there is still much doubt ' whether an agreement between the houses fl ran he reached as to a definite course t«» be pursued with respect to the proposed fl 44ust legislation.