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THE BIRMINGHAM AGE HERALD
UME xxxxin L BIRMINGHAM, ALABAMA. WEDNESDAY, APRIL 22, 1!»14 14 PA(iKS ' NUMBER 331 AMERICAN FLAG FLAUNTS OVER VERA CRUZ; BATTLE CONTINUESINTONIGHT; TAMPICOQUIET FOUR AMERICANS KILLED; MEXICAN LOSS IS UNKNOWN General Maas Offers Stub born Resistance to the American Advance WATER FRONT AND PIERS ARE OCCUPIED BY TROOPS Marines Land Before Mexican Commander Fires a Shot—After Brief Exchange Guns of the Prairie Are Brought Into Action—None of the Refugees Was Hurt t » Vera Cruz, April 21.—Vera Cruz tonight is in the hands of forces from the United States warships, but the occupation of . the port was not accomplished without loss of American lives. Four Americans, bluejackets and marines, were killed by the fire of the Mexican soldiers, and u’O fell wounded. The Mexican loss is not known, but it. is believed to have been heavy. The water front, the customs house and all important piers, ] including those under the terminal works, from which extend the railroads to the capital, have been occupied. All the ter ritory around the American consulate is strongly patrolled and ' detachments hold other sections of the city. ‘ Offers Stubborn Resistance The Mexican commander, Gen. Gustavo Maas, offered a stub born resistance to the American advance and for many hours there was fighting in the streets. Toward nightfall it was re ported that tlie main body of the federal garrison was in re treat to the westward. Rear Admiral Fletcher, commanding the l nited States War ships, prefaced his occupation of the port by a demand, through the American consul, \Y. W. Canada, for its surrender. Gen i —• ei’al Maas promptly declined to accede to this demand and shortly afterwards 10 whaleboats were sent oil trom the side of the transport Prairie loaded with marines. Tliene boats effected a landing in the neighborhood of the customs house before noon and a few minutes later Capt. \\ if Part R. Rush of the battleship Florida, who was in command of the’operations ashore, brought his flag in. Captain Rush’s men already had taken up their positions. They numbered lot) bluejackets from the Florida, ./.M) marines from the Prairie and (>.l marines from the Florida. Later tho.-** were augmented by a detachment from the 1 tali. ’Die coming of the American torees was not heiaided b\ ail} 'great excitement but small crowds gathered to watch the land ing. Soon the bluejackets and marines marched through the streets leading from the water front and along the railroad yards. Others proceeded to the American consulate, while still others were deployed along the approaches to the central plaza, in which General Maas had concentrated his men. These maneuvers were eilecteu without opposition, but suddenly • General Maas challenged the advance with the first shots—a volley fired from a point three blocks from the marines and two blocks south of the ’ main plaza. The marines replied im mediately, but the action ceased in a • moment. There was a lull for 10 min utes and then another brief exchange ! X ruin tne west, enu ui iuuiiwauwo street, where a federal outpost was stationed. TRANSPORT PRAIRIE GOES INTO ACTION At 12:30 the firing became general and at 1 o'clock the guns of the trans port 1'iairle went into action. Prior to tills, a detachment of blue jackets from tile T'tah. holding the < Continued on page Eleven 1 MEXICAN KILLED ' ESTIMATED AT 200 Washington, April 21.—Marines and bluejackets of the American navy today took the customs house and a large sec tion of Vera Cruz with a loss of four killed and 20 wounded. The loss of the Mexican garrison was not officially known here tonight, but was estimated at 200 killed. This was the first step in the programme of reprisal by the United States against the • lfuerta government for the arrest of American bluejackets at Tampico and other offenses “against the rights and dignity of the United States.” It was the first clash between forces of the United States and Mexico since revolution broke out in the southern repub lic in 1910, and gave the Washington government a Mexican problem. Though fighting had not ceased at a late hour tonight, Rend Admiral Fletcher had warned the federal com mander that he would use the b!g gun3 of the American fleet If his men did not stop firing. The American forces Wl orders to fire only to defend them • wives. The United States intends to take no offensive steps for the pres ent, The salute to. the flag, which Jyerta refused, will not be satlsfac .V*»n reparation. It Is understood a T deelration of apology as well as a S a Hi tel nd a guarantee that the rights and dignity of the United States would he respeetd ean alone cause a with drawal ef *e American forces. While Amfican marines and blue jacket* were ightinft, the .Senate debated thft Whale Beal ean Mituatiun before crowded galleries. The Joint resolution that passed the Houho supporting the President’s proposal to use the army and navy to obtain reparation was being de bated in the Senate at midnight with prospects of an all-night session. Many republican senators wanted the resolu tion bioadened to authorise steps to ob tain repaiatlon for all offenses committed against Americans In Mexico. The administration senators fought this as tan amount to a declaration of war, saying the Pnited States had no quarrel with the Mexican people, but with the Huerta government, controlling a small portion of It. The President went ahead on the au thority of the executive, in accord with precedent, because he believed an emer gency existed. He gave Hear Admiral Fletcher authority 'to seise the Vera Crus customs house to prevent the land ing there today by a German merchant tUstlsuwft Pfft BltHSl PLAN OF MEXICAN BLOCKADE --rv.■ ■ - ..■ .. ■■■— -_-- —, Map showing principal ports of Mexico, including Vera Cruz, which has been seized by American marines. The closing of these ports are included in President Wilson’s Mexican policy PUBLIC REPORT FROM FLETCHER; GIVES CASUALTIES Washington, April 21.—Secretary Daniels made public the following dis patch received from Admiral Fletcher at 6 p. m.: “Tuesday in face of approaching norther, landed marines and sailors from battleships i’tah, Florida and transport Prairie and seized customs house. Mexican forces did not oppose landing, but opened fire with rifle and artillery after our seizure of custom* house. Prairie shelling Mexicans out of their positions. Desultory firing from house tops and streets. Hold customs house and section of city in vicinity of wharves and consulate. Casualties, four dead and twenty wounded." When this statement had been is sued. Secretaries Daniels and (iarrison left the White House. “I hope it is all over," said Mr. (.ar rison. “1 think they fired to save Iheir faces in retreat. I don't ex pect any more." Washington, April 21.—Consul Canada a' Vera Cruz reported to the state depart ment tonight that several Ameiii.ans, in cluding some women win, had : el used lo go aboard refugee amps, are i ow in h. tela within ttie firing tin -. U. S. CAVAtRY HELD BY REBEL TROOPS, SAYS LATE REPORT IJoiikIh*. Aria., April 21.— A Npeclal to (he Douglas, Ar|a.( International, from Tombatone. mnym new* reached there to. ilay that lfl member* of Troop H, Tenth envalry, were being held by eonatltu ttonallkt troop* at a point juat below the border between \nco and Hereford. Aria. ATTACKS PUBLIC LANDS PROGRAMME Washington. April 21.-Governor* Am monts of Colorado and Spry of Utah, be fore the House committee on public lands today, an representatives of a congress of western governors, attacked as Im practicable the federal administration of public lands. They opposed the pending bill to provide for leaning of government lands. Governor Spry said that If the ques tion of federal ownership of public lands wan put to the people of the west they would vote against It unanimously. Sir Lawrence Dead London, April 21.—Edward During Law rence, who attained celebrity by his two works, “Bacon la Shakespeare,” and “The Shakespeare Myth,” died here to day, 88 years of age. a—MMWMMW TODAY’S AGE-HERALD 1— Seriate passea administration resolu tion. Vera Crus taken by United States troops. All quiet at Tampico, 2— State committee meets at Montgom ery, 8—Break ground for hotel tomorrow. 4— Editorial comment, 6—Joseph H. Smith killed by train. Little girl killed by auto, Veterans volunteer services for war in Mexico. Hates lowered on Central of Georgia, tl—Women's page ?—Sports, g—Warren barely defeated by Austin, g—Ad club luncheon at Newspaper cluU 10—Clabaugh's name sent to Senate. 18—Markets, " 14—Newspaper men praise Birmingham, TAMPICO QUIET, SAYS MESSAGE TO BADGER Relayed Wireless From Mexican Port At 2:00 a. m. From Cruiser Des Moines Says Situation Un changed—Latest Bulletins From Front Washington, April 22.—At 2 o’clock this morning the navy department announced that a relayed wireless dispatch from the cruiser Des Moines said, “All is quiet at Tampico.” The message had been picked up by Hear Admiral Badger’s flag ship Arkansas, steaming for Tampico from Vera Cruz. Under Fletcher’s Orders Vera Cruz, April 21.—The Hamburg-American steamer Vpiranga moved to port this afternoon and signaled the United States flagship, voluntarily placing herself under Hear Admiral | UlcT'lior’s oidor-* The Vpiranga will stand by tonight and the captain has given | his word that he will not go out beyond hailing distance to ^ morrow. Train Held Up Yea Cruz, April 21.—The second section of the morning train from Mexico City, Idled with refugee Americans, and a special train of refugees have both been held up somewhere along the road to Vera Cruz, presumably by General Maas. Telegraphic communication with Mexico City was out to night and it is assumed that the railroads are cut. There arc several Americans in Mexico City, including the charge d’affaires, Nelson O’Shaughnessy, his wife and child. Mexicans here protest vehemently against the suggestion that passengers on the trains may be badly treated. Badger Ordered to Tampico Washington, April 21.—The navy department announced to- j night that Admiral Badger, who is on the flagship Arkansas, has been ordered from Vera Cruz to Tampico. The ships which arrived with him—the Louisiana, New Hampshire, Vermont, New dersev. South Carolina and Michigan—will he divided, according to his discretion. Maas Reported Leaving City Washington, April 22.—This dispatch from Vera Cruz was made public at 3 a. m. today by the navy department: ”lt is reported that Commandant General Maas left Vera Cruz in a carriage, that his family followed in another car riage and that he had not been heard from since. The Mexi can troops were turned loose to act as they pleased, few il any officers remaining.” EXPECTED INVASION BY UNITED STATES Kaglr Pass. Tex., April 21.—At a mass meeting of Mexican ettlaena In Pledra* A earns today. lUMI volunteers were or ganised and armed to realat what they galled the expeeted Invasion of the Vet ted Staten. Federate oeeupy Pledraa Igagraa, The rifles that were Issued are the same gun* that wero taken from the federal* at OJInaga by the American troopa. They ware recently brought to Pledraa Negraa and returned to the commanding officer, Consul Blocker has requested all Americans not to oroaa the river. Hev eral street meetings were held In Ptadraa Negraa today and threatening speeches were made agatnat the Ameri cans. One speaker declared that If the United States Intervened in Mexico, every American on Mexican eoil would be killed. A large shipment of ammunition was received by the Americun troops hare today. At present theae Include one regiment of Infantry, one battery of field artillery and one troop of cavalry in Hagle Pass 'with several troops of eavulry patrolling the harder within a few nllea. TOLL OF BATTLE IN STRIKE DISTRICT MAY REACH 25 i __ Denver. Col., April 21.—A known death j list of 26 men. women and children and : • • a maximum possibility of 60 dead as a result of the abitle at Ludlow Monday be tween state troops and striking coal miners roused official Colorado tonight Lo a high tension. Rquads of armed men from Fremont county and from near Denver going to reinforce the 600 or more strikers now at Ludlow presaged renewal of armed vio lence at any moment. The discharge of four train news of the Colorado and Routherti railroad for refusing to take trains of soldiers and ammunition from Trinidad to Ludlow caused talk of a strike by engineers and trainmen. Administration officials waited the au thority from Oovernor Ammons now' lh Washington, to call a special session of the legislature to provide funds for the state militia and measure for dealing with the situation, Late tonight it was the urgent desire of administration officials that the extra session he called, for in It th«3r pro fessed to see tiie beginning of an end to Iks In bar klgputa, SENATE REJECTS LODGE RESOLUTION BY VOTE OF 47 TO 35 Defeats Substitute and Passes Administration's Resolu tion After Hot Debate WILSON NOW HAS FREE HAND' TO DEAL WITH THE SITUATION Measure Passed Disclaims Any Hostility to the Mexican People and Eliminates Name of Huerta—House Expected to Accept Without Debate Washington, April 22.—The Senate at 2:40 a. in, by a vote of 47 to 35 rejected the substitute Mexican resolution proposed by Senator Lodge. It would have based the “justification” of the use of force in Mexico on the general conditions there instead of upon the Tampico incident alone. An amendment proposed by Senator (lallinger, “justifying the I resident in the use of force to protect American citizens in Mexico,” as well as to demand reparation for (lie Tampico incident, was defeated 43 to 40. Washington, April ‘22. The Senate at 3:21 o’clock this morning by a vote of 72 to 1.'! passed the administration meas ure declaring that “the President is justified in tlit* employ ment of the armed forces of the l uited States to entoree his demands for unequivocal amends for the affronts and indigni ties committed against the United States in Mexico.” The resolution, which goes to the House when that body re convenes at 10 o’clock this morning, specifically disclaims on the part of the United States any‘hostilities toward the Mex ican people or an\ intention to make war against them. The tinal vote came at the close of a stirring all-night ses. sum, marked by bitter deflate. Se\eraf republicans fought to the lust to broaden the re~olu tion so as to direct it against all indignities offered the Uni toil States in Mexico, while others opposed it. All ol the 13 negn tive votes wen* east by republicans. As adopted the missive is a substitute reported by the Sen ate foreign relations committee for the resolution adopted by the House Monday. It eliminates the name of Vietoriano Huerta. Administration leaders are confident that the House will accent the substitute virtually without debate. To be ready for an immediate con ference, however, Senators Shively, Clark of Arkansas, and Lodge, were appointed to serve as conferees in the event the House refuses to accept the substitute. On tIn* final vote the following voted for the resolution: Democrats- Ashursl. Bankhead. Bry an. Chilton, Clarke, (Arkansas), Fletch er, Gore, Hitchcock, Hollis, Hughes, .James, Johnson, Kern, l.ane. Lea (Ten nessee), Lee (Maryland), Lewis, Mar tin, Nawlands, O'Gorman, Overman, Gwen, Pittman, Pomerene, Kansdell, Heed. Robinson. Saulsbury. Shafroth, Sheppard. Shields, Shivley. Simmons, Smith (Georgia), Smith (Maryland). Smith (South Carolina». Swanson, Thomas. Thompson, Thornton. Varda nian. Walsh, West and Williams total 46. Republicans Borah, Bradley. Brady, BurJeigh. Catron, Clapp. Clark iW.vom Ingf. Colt, Crawford. Cummins. Full. Goff. Jones. Kenyon, McCumber. Mc Lean, Nelson. Page, JVnrose. Perkins, Sherman, Sterling. Smith (Michigan). Sutherland, Townsend, Warren—total 26. Plug ressi ves Poindexter. Against the resolution: Republicans, Brandegeo, Bristow, Dillingham. Hallin ger, l^aFollette. Llppltt. Lodge, Norris, Oliver, Root. Smoot, Weeks, Works total, 13. Follow Party Lines On tie Iiodgc substitute the vole til lowed part\ lilies closely, the lepupll -uns supporting the Lodg* proposal and the democrats voting against It. The on:v departures from this rule were Senators Bristow and LaFollette, who voted wiLh the tlemocrats against the substitute. Bulb of these senators voted against the final resolution ami against all propo I tlonn which looked to the perfection oj the resolution in accordance with the administration plans. The substitute n adopted by the Senate follows: "In v^ew of th» facts presented b> lie President of the United States in his ad dress delivered to Songress in Joint ses sion on April 20. 1914, In regard to cer tain affronts and indignities committed against the United States In Mexico, "Resolved, That the President Is Justi fied in the employment of the armed forces of the United States to enforce liis demands for unequivocal amends for the affronts and indignities committed against ti»e I niteil States; be it further. "Resolved, 'That the I'nlted States dis claims any hostility to tin* Mexican pe«» ph* or anv purpose to make war upon tie-in. The Senate adjourned at 3:20 a. m. un til noon today. Washington. April ~l. Debate in the Senate on Senator Dodge’s substitute Mexican resolution, which seeks to pre , vent ‘'Individualizing" fleneral Huerta, was resumed at noon when the upper house convened, the author of the reso lution taking the had in the light for adoption. The substitute has the approval of tin- President, but some members ob ject to it. The House, after adoption of the reso lution to sustain the position of the Presi dent Monday night and conferring upon him power to ileal as la- sees lit with the Mexican situation, met at 10 o’clock Tues day morning to await action b\ the Sen ate. Hurry l p Action When news reached the capital that the order had gone to Admiral Fletcher to seize tile custom house at Vera t'ruz It aroused < onsidei aide wai enthusiasm among senator and congressmen. Demo cratic Senate leaders belicred an order to the American command, i to begin actual operations would serve to hurry it. tiori on the resolution to back up the President’s course* Republican leaders were planning to champion the substitute article submitted by Senator Dodge which refers to the long tcries of outrages against Americans in Mexico tactfully. It was not believ.-d b,. the House leaders, it wus stuted. it would go through. The House resolution is amended by tie- foreign relations com mute.- This article w«»- laid before the Senate shortly after It met after noon A new resolution to accept tile prof fired apologies as sufficient reparation" f. i the Tampico Incident was introduced by Senator Works, republican. Heel clary Daniels left the * abihet meet ing at 12:30 o'clock. He was asked about tin orilers to Admiral Fletcher "It would be verv unwise for me to say anything at this time,’ was'Ids ra p’y. Dodge Opens Debate Senator Isidge opened the debate. "In a situation of high seriousness, | such as now confronts the I Tilted States, it Is well to remember the ra il onHnui-d on Page glfv»| DETAILS OF ENGAGEMENT ARE COMING IN SLOWLY I Washington, April 21.—Details of the engag^nent at Vera Crus came to the navy department slowly, and up to mid night no list of dead or wounded had been received. Press dispatches, how ever, had named three of the four, Cox swain Shoemaker, Corporal Haggerty and Mcainan Poinsett, all from the battle ship Florida. Coxswain John F. Hhoemaker wan a son of Mis. Isabella McKinnon of lttl Hannon street, Brooklyn. He was born iri Brooklyn, December ft. 18iS. Beaman Oeorge Poinsett was a son of William Poinsett, 6Jfl North Twelfth Street, Philadelphia. He was born in fhiifttlalplila, April 1* l*t Marin* Private Hanlel Aloysios Hag gerty was a mu of Michael Haggerty | of lii Harding street, Cambridge, Maas. The following unofficial partial list of the wounded at Vera Crux was given out | at th* navy department. Charles J. Leahy, ordinary seaman, as signed to the Florida; home address, 332 Last Ninetieth street. New York city. Nathan Schwarts, ordinary seaman; home address. 2*23 Fast Fourth street. New York city. C 1». t.'anieron, ordinary seaman, as* j s igned ti* the Florida: home address, 1W I.Voucher street. Brooklyn, N. Y. j John F. Place, seaman, assigned to the I Florida; home address. 184 Wnkeman ave \ nue. Newark. N. J. Kdward A. Uifburtie. electrician third * ! claws; home address, M Summer street, yuiney, Mass.