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BIRMINGHAM AGE ^HERALD : xxxxm BIRMINGHAM, ALABAMA, THURSDAY, APRIL 30, 1!>14 1_' I'.UiKS Xt’MBKR i^ERAL CARRANZA , WILLING TO CONFER ON TERMS OF PEACE " Introduction of Constitutionalist Cause Into Negotiations Broadens Peace Programme to An Effort to Compose Entire Mexican Situation Washington, April 'JH.—The scope of mediation plans for the settlement of the Mexican crisis was suddenly broadened tonight so as to include the entire range of Mexican affairs— . not alone the critical issue between the United States and the Huerta regime, but also the .conflict between the elements of northern and southern Mexico, which have rent the republic for manv months. \ Thin nfgnal enlargement f»f the medl y atlon programme followed the receipt, late in the day, of a formal acceptance by General Carranza, chief of the con nfltutionallntn, of the principle of me diation. nn proponed hy the ambnnnn dor from Hrnr.ll nnd the mlnlntera from Argentlnn and Chile. «* Already the United States and General Huerta had formally accepted the good offices of these South American envoys, and now as a further step. General Car ranza has been brought into the delibera tions so as to draw every element and faction within the range of any settle ment which may be attained. * Early in the day the mediators made •••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••*••••' another decisive move in asking the United States and General Huerta to agree to an armistice by which all ag gressive military movements would be suspended pending the outcome of the ne gotiations. The mediators confidently ex pect both sides to accept the armistice proposal. A separate proposal for an armistice as between Huerta and Car ranza also will be made, and with its ac ceptance all of the warring elements throughout Mexico, as well as the Amer ican forces, would maintain a military status quo. The American government In Its formal reply to the armistice pro posal will stipulate expressly that any untoward act toward Americans will be (Continued on Page Eight) . PRESIDENT WINS ■ FE TOLLS FIGHT Senate Canals Committee , Orders House Bill Carry ing Free Tolls Reported to the Senate Washington, April 20.—Administration leaders today won the second round of their fight to repeal the free tolls pro vision of the Panama canal act, when the Senate canals committee, by a vote of f 8 to 6, ordered the House bill carrying the repeal reported to the Senate. Coupled with the bill will be reported an amend tnent proposed by Senator Simmons and , ' approved by the committee, which reads: ■"Provitieu, that .neitfter passuJ gu this act, nor anything therein contained, ^ shall be construed or held as waiving, impairing or affecting any treaty or other right possessed by the United States.” This amendment, it is said, has met President Wilson's approval. Admlnistra *1 tion leaders tonight were confident that k with it attached, the repeal bill would be passed by the Senate; and some sena> tors opposed to repeal agreed with this view. The report of the committee will he made without recommendation and the scone of the fight for and against repeal will be shifted to the floor. Chairman O’Gorman, for the committee, tonight ex pected to report the bill with the amend ment tomorrow and in accordance with the committee’s direction will ask that it be placed on the Senate calendar. Sena tor Simmons will ask that the bill be * made the unfinished business of the Sen ate and if this suggestion is agreed to, the battle will begin immediately. Administration Plans Administration leaders hope to conduct the tight along the lines followed in put ting through the tariff and currency bills. If this is adhered to the attention of the ^ Senate will be directed as closely as possible to the tolls mutter, and after a debate of a few weeks a vote will be I reached. The committee's session today devel oped several surprises. The first vote was taken on the amendment by Senator * Shields, proposed as a substitute for that if offered by Senator Simmons. It provided that the passage of the act should not be construed as an admission that the United States has no right to exempt its coast wise ships from toll3. Jt was beaten, 10 to 4. The Simmons amendment was next, and the vote was 8 to 6 for its adoption. A motion by Senator Thomas to report the bill favorably with the Simmons v amendment was beaten, 9 to 5. Senator Bristow quickly made a motion to re port the bill as amended, adversely, which was beaten, 8 to 5, Senators Bris tow, O'Gorman. Walsh, Borah and Per kins voting ‘aye'’ and Senators Thornton, i Chilton, Shields. Thomas, Owen, Sim mons, Brandegee and Crawford voting “no." The vote on the motion of Sen ator Thomas to report the bill without recommendation. with the Simmons amendment, was 8 to 6 with the same line up on both sides except that Senator Walsh voted ‘‘no,” and Senator Page vot®d “aVe ” The substitute proposed by Senator Walsh, to allow a determination (of the right to exempt American ships under the Hay-Pauncefote treaty by the United States supreme court, was de , ta* feated 8 to 6. / GEORGIANS INDORSE Ml WILSON’S POLICY Atlanta, April 29.—Indorsement of the course of President Wilson in Mex ico was given here today in resolu tlona adopted by the executive board of the Georgia Federation of Women’s clubs and approved by E. Dorothy N Blount Lamar, president general of the Georgia division of the United Daughters of the Confederacy, repre senting that organization. The two organizations represent 30, 000 women in Georgia. After commend ing the course of the President In de manding reparation for affronts from General Huerta's government and ex pressing hbpu that war may be unnec 'Wsary, the resolutions continue: “We urge upon our representatives in Congress the support of the Presi dent in his attitude toward Mexico and as women we ask Congress to exhaust every right method to avoid war with Mexico, feeling that it Is sad to go In war at any time, but less sad if we go knowing that every honorable means has been taken to avert the ^vil, and that we are seeking the wel fare of mankind and not the acqulsi UM %t territory.” A COMPROMISE ON HOME RULE IS NOW BELIEVEDPOSSIBLE Conferences Between Lead ers of English Parliamen tary Parties Expected to Be Resumed London. April 29.—A compromise on the question of home rule for Ireland seemed today nearer than it ever has been before. There was a strong belief in parliamen tary circles that conferences between leaders of the two great parties soon would be resumed. The House of Commons discussed the Ulster crisis again today when it wound up two da vs' debate on Austen Chamber lain’s motion for a Judicial inquiry into the government's “plot’’ to crush the Ulster covenanters. The motion, w'hich virtually was a vote of censure on the cabinet, was rejected by a party vote of 344 to 264. The growing belief that civil war in Ireland is a reality which cannot be escaped if the present home rule bill be comes law. seems to nave Influenced members on both sides of the House, as it has the newspapers. Conciliatory Tone The press of both opinions recently has become more conciliatory in tone than at any previous stage of the discussion. Sir Edward Carson, whose leadership of the Ulster rebellion makes him ths dominating figure in the opposition, today accepted overtures made yesterday by Winston Spencer Churchill, first lord of the admiralty, who invited Sir Edward to attempt to compromise the home rul€ question on a federal basis. Sir Edward repeated bis ofTer that il Ulster were excluded from the bill “until this Parliament shall determine other wise’’ instead of the six years perldd which Premier Asquith had offered he would submit the proposal to the. people of Ulster. In his reply to Mr. Churchill's invita tion Sir Edward declared all he wanted for Ulster was terms to conserve the dignity of the Ulster men and their civil and religious freedom. Tie concluded that in case the home rule bill passed it would be his earnest prayer that the government of the south and west ot Ireland would prove so successful that it might be to Ulster’s interest to join and form a United Ireland. Concludes Debate Premier Asquith concluded the debate He declared his offer of the temporary exclusion of Ulster for six years remained open. A settlement, he declared, could not be successfully negotiated by bar gaining across the floor of the House of Commons and the questions at issue could not be settled oehind the backs of the men of Ulster or of the rest ol Ireland. Andrew Bonar Law, the opposltior leader, who spoke before the premier said the premier must recognize tha1 some way to peace must be found ai any cost. He continued: "If the premiei does seek for peace, we on this sid< of tlie House will do anything in oui power to make a peaceful solution pos sible.’" Arthur J Balfour, former unionist pre mier, said his pubfic life had been de voted to the cause of the union betweei Great Britain and Ireland and concluded “If, to avoid civil war, we must se up a separate parliament in Dublin, shall think it marks the failure of m: whole life's work." TODAY’S AGE-HERALD 1— Carranza agrees to mediation. Report LTnited States ships bomban Mexican port. Nine killed in strike district. Clayton may succeed Jones. 2— Sevier discusses rates for exports. 3— Xew Haven able to borrow 160,000,000 4— Editorial comment. M’omtr answers campaign charges. Tennesse company declares dividend Fairley goes to Washington. 616.000 for library raised. 6— Society. 7— Sports. 8— Much speculation as to who will sue ceed Jones. 9— Rivals for office exchange notes oi coal rates. 11—Markets. ; 12—University Glee club here tomorrow I night. I HAV E YOU HELPED TO BUY BOOKS? r - I J a SAYSTELEGRAM Mexican Minister of War Declares U. S. Battlers Open on Port of Man zanillo—Mr. Daniels Knows Nothing Mexico City, April 20.—A dispatch from Ouaca any* American marines landed al Sallna Crux today after flic American commander had threatened to open fire on the port If the Mexican official* offered rentataace. Mexico City. April 29.—The port of Man zanillo. on the Pacific coast, was bom barded yesterday by an American war ship. according to a telegram received here today by Gen. Aureliano Blanquet, the Mexican minister of war, from Gen. Jose Maria Mier. According to General Mler’s message, the warship entered Manzanillo harbor at 4 o’clock in the afternoon on April 28. At 4:30 o’clock the telegraphers left their posts, carrying their instruments with them and at 5 o’clock the bombard ment began. General Aureliano Blanquet, minister of war, announced today that he had re ceived from Gen. Jose Maria Mier a tel egram stating that the port of Manzanil lo, on the' Pacific coast, nad been bom barded yesterday by an American war ship. Does Not Believe Report Washington, April 29— Secretary Dan iels said tonight he did not believe the Mexico City report that Manzanillo had been bombarded by an American war ship or that marines had been landed at Salina Cruz. Me said he was In constant communication with Rear Admiral How (Continued on Page Eight) HENRY D. CLAYTON MAY BE NAMED TO SUCCEED LATE THOS. G. JONES Washington, April 2».—(Special.} The chances are that Representative Henry I). Clayton will be named as federal judge to succeed the late Judge ■ Thomas G. Jones of Alabama and that , he will accept the place. The sentiment here Is strongly In favor of Judge Clay 1 ton for this place. President Wilson himself entertains the highest regard for Representative Clayton personally i arid the fullest appreciation of his legal qualifications. Attorney General Mo Reynolds also looks upon Judge Clay ton as the logloal man for the judge ship, and In the department of justice as Bollcltor General Davis, late of the House judiciary committee, Is a warm friend of Judge Clayton. While Judge Clayton has not become ■ an active candidate for the place his ! friends all declare that he will accept It. It has always been his ambition lo , aerve upon the federal bench, and It is believed that he would welcome this Bj C. E. STEWART. H. D. CLAYTON ••••••••••••••••••••a*•••••••••••••«••••«••••••••••• appointment as the crowning honor of hia political career. The task to which the President so j earnestly requested Judge Clayton to apply himself, that of drafting the anti trust legislation to be enacted by this session of Congress, has beecn com pleted. Judge Clayton's labors in thin respect are over and they have met the approval of the administration. Thors is nothing therefore to prevent his im mediate appointment and acceptance ol the Judgeship. While there are several distinguished Alabamians who have been urged by their friends and the support of Ala bama members asked in their hehall today It is believed that the appoint ment of Judge Clayton will he gen erally satisfactory'. Among those whf have been mentioned and whom frlendi are now urging for appointment arc Judge William H. Thomas of Mont gotnery. Judge Nr. D, Denson of Opeli ka, Judge John H. Diaque of Gadsder and Judge Walker of Huntsville. Attor ney General McReynolds would noi commit himself on the appointment to day, but he spoke In the highest termi of Judge Clayton and of his excep tional qualification for the bench. twenty believed DROWNED IN LAKE Wreckage From Steamer Indicates Ship and Crew Went Down in Lake Superior in Storm—No Bodies Yet Found Duluth. Minn., April 2!*.—That the steamer Benjamin Noble and her crew of 20 or more went down in Lake Su perior last night was made almost cer tain today when a life-saving crew picked up wreckage from the steamer off Min nesota point, Duluth. Kfforts to tlnd the hulk of the steamer have failed. The general belief is that the Noble missed the Duluth entrance in the heav^ storm last night and struck the point, foundering in deep water. l*p to this evening no bodies had come ashore. Reports that bodies had been found today proved incorrect. The lust report of the vessel received by local agents shows that she passed up the Son April 25 at 7 s. m. laden with Iron ror Duluth. I'Oder good w eather condi tions she should have arrived two days ttgo, and the local agents have been anx ious ever since the storm began Monday night. Several steamers are not yet reported. They are: the Truesdale, \V. D. King, Sehlon Park Heffelflnger, all loaded with coal; the I.akeland with merchandise and the Daughlin, light for ore. Wireless messages throughout the day were unable to locate tlie boats. It is probable they are in shelter. WALLER MARSHAL Montgomery Man’s Name Sent to White House for Federal Job By C. E. STEWART Washington, April 29.—(Special.)—W. It. Waller of Montgomery la to be appointed United States marshal for the middle dis trict. Mr. Waller's name was sent to the White House today by Attorney General McReynoIds and he was recommended by him to the President for the appointment. This leaves only the southern and north ern marshalshlps unsettled. In the north ern district the contest still rages between Tom I,ong and H. K. Gibson for the ap pointment. It still looks like a compromise randldate will be named. Film TO TAKE OVERCjTY TODAY Navy to Hand Government of Vera Cruz Over to Care of Army Vera Cruz, April 39.—The government of Vera Cruz will be handed over by the United States navy to Brig. Oen. Fred erick Funston of the American army with formal ceremony at li o’clock tomorrow afternoon. Real* Admiral Frank F. Fletch er and Brigadier General Funston, to gether with their staffs w,lll he present ut the function. Robert J. Kerr, the American civil gov ernor of Vera Crus, Intends to keep the city government In the hands of Mex ican officials as much ns possible, and the old system of taxation will be kept in op eration. STRIKERS MAY SURRENDER ARMS; BIRMINGHAM MAN WILL AID IN SETTLEMENT NINE HUMAN LIVES TOLL OF INDUSTRIAL I Strikers Not Taken Into Custody Upon Surrender to the Militia MAY BE PROSECUTED FOR KILLING MAJOR Forbes Camp Scene of Desolation. AH Buildings Destroyed by Fire. With Troops on (.round Out breaks Are Kxpected Denver* % i»r|| 20.-— Uolorndo** seven month*.' Indtmlrlnl conflict todnj claimed n toll of nt leirnt nine hnmnn liven. THIm whn the verified record to night, divided nn follow*: %t Forltru. *e%cn mine tfninrd* mid one striker dead, with two other striker* liclleved to hnve been killed. At Walsenburg one officer of the militia hospital corps killed, one of ficer and two enlisted men wounded. The Forbes camp was a scene of I desolation, virtually all of the mine buildings having been destroyed by fire. Mere it was the work of only a few fleeting hours. It was abou* f>:30 a. m. when the strikers opened their attack In force. With the. wom en and children of the camp barri caded in the mine slope, the guards responded spiritedly. About 10 o'clock the firing ceased and the camp's as sailants disappeared as mysteriously as they came, some toward Trinidad and others over the hills In the direction of Berwlnd and Tabasco. According to Superintendent Nlehol of the mine three strikers were seen to tumble down the hillside. Last Five Hours Fighting at Walsenhurg between strikers, militia and mine guards last • d five hours. Maj. P. P. beater of the hospital corps met his death, shot through the left breast, while dress ing i he wounds of a comrade within 160 yards of the strikers' position. Firing ceased shortly alter 3 o'clock. With two troops of United States cavalry in the Fremont county fields and state volunteers and mlllta on guard in Boulder countv. state offl 1 finis tonight prepared fftr -uddep out breaks In l«aa Animas and Huerfano counties, where federal troops were not expected to arrive before tomorrow The militia detachment relieved by , federal soldiers in Fremont pounty was hastening to Colonel Verdeckburg’s as slstancc at Walsenburg. Members of the legislature continued to reach the capital for Informal con ferences preparatory to the conven ing of the special session on May 4. but tonight no tangible programme has been decided on. Killrd and Wounded Walsenhurg. Col.. April 29. One dead and three wounded Is the known cas unity list in a six-hour battle her** today in which less than 100 mi lit la ment attempted to dislodge an esti mated force of -100 strikers entrenched in the hills adjacent to the town. Fir ing stopped late today when th*‘ troops were withdrawn on orders, local officials say, received from Denver. The dead: Maj. P. P. Lester, member hospital corps. Walsenburg. The wounded: Lieutenant Scott, shot in head. Private Glen Miller, shot in face. Private O. L. Wilrnot. shot in leg. The firing was heavy when orders were received to withdraw and Major Lester's body wns left on the field. A low range of hills that runs along lh< north and east side to the town wns the scene of today’s battle. Fight ing started when a detachment under Lieutenant Scott left the town limits and started to cross over a low rise of ground. Captain Swope and Lieutenant Morrison followed. Fight Two Hours For two hours the militiamen sought to dislodge the strikers without suc cess. advancing by a series of alternate rushes. Both details were returning the fire of the strikers with vigor when a cour ier from Colonel Verdeekberg recalled the troops. The retreat was made tin der as great difficulty as the ad vance and It was nearly 5 o'clock be fore the troops reached town. The strikers are said to be still entrenched (Continued on Page Fight) Tell of Privations Suffered in Mexico—Determined Stand Urtfed New Orleans. April 21*.—(Special.)—Three people from Birmingham are in the great throng of 600 refugees which Uncle Ham is holding at the quarantine station. 100 miles below this city, because it is feared that to allow them to land would en danger the lives of the other Americans In this country. The Birmingham man are Sam Bloat, . Henry Joyce and Ralph Stanbrldge. who have been working on a plantation near Vera Cruz. All of the refugees tell stories of grnat privations In Mexico. One of the men •aid that they had beet* robbed and treat ed to all kinds of Insults by the Mex icans, and that the American consul was unable to protect then*, the Hritiah con | Bid alone giving them protection, j •Kverv one of the refugees, nearly every | one of whom had to flee with their • clothes, say that they will not return to Mexico unless the t*nlted Btates takes a more determined stand than President Wilson has so far shown. They declared that It will be Impossible for Americans to live In Mexico if Wilson gives In to Huerta. THE PRESIDENT ASKS W. R, FAIRLEY TO AID IN BRINGING PEACE Birmingham Man to Go to Washington for Confer ence on Mediation GENERAL STRIKE NOW THREATENED I’nitod Mine Workers Insist on President Wilson Taking Immedi ate Action—Adopt liesolu tion on the Situation U iikhliigton, April jji.—iVeslilent " ll*on hits nsikrtl the |irc*lden« of |h« Kentucky Mine Operator*' n**oelatlnn and U . II. Fairley, member for Ala bama 4in the national hoar#! of ihn 1 nlfed Mine Morkem, t4i eonie to anhlngtnn Immediately for a con ference with the view to further at tempt-* at mediation In the ( olnrarto mine wtrlke. It was understood that, acting upon request of Secretary Wilson of the department of labor, thCBo two men, representing the owners and the em ployes of coal mine interests, already were on the way to Washington, and that they probably would select a third party and go to the scene of the dis orders in Colorado at once. The Italian ambassador today called upon the Secretary of State to ask for protection of Italians in the Colorado riots. The murder of six little children was the immediate cause of the request for the assurance of further protection. Hywell Davits is president of the Kentucky Coal Operators' association and William U Fairley of Birmingham, the officer of the United Mine Workers of America who wore sug gested as the conciliators In the strike. Secretary of Uabor Wilson said they were chosen because he believed their positions as representatives of opera tors and miners would give the chiefs of both parties to the Colorado con* trovers* ample s» ope for debate. Mr. Wilson said no plans had be* n matured an to procure in the proposed conciliation scheme, but added that a third member might be selected to com plete a committee to go to the scene of the trouble. General Strike Threatened Plttnburg. Kail., April 2».—Unless President Wilson take. immediate slaps to Investigate the Colorado strlko situation tho district convention of the I'nitcd Mine Workers of America, in session here, will ask that a general strike of mine workers throughout the country be called. Tills statement was contained In reso lutions adopted by the convention to day. 1320 SALON IS Paris, April '22 American artists were well represented In the I22d salon of the Society of Freneh Artists, which opened today This exhibit, the largest In tire world, Including several thousand paint Ings and pieces of sculpture, Is popularly known as the Old Salon, as distinguished from thut of the National Society of Fine Arts, which was held two weeks ago. The Americans have succeeded In cr eat ing for themselves a reputation more than equal to that of any other foreign con tingent. and their works this year are numerous and of high quality. One au thority has said: "The Americans, who came here to learn, are staying to teach." II n. Tanner, the painter of religion, subjects, has two fine canvases, one rep resents Christ at the home of Laxarus; the other shows Mary seated with a lighted ta[*er hr Iter hand, the light catch ing here and there on the figure and lace and casting shadows on the wall. They are considered two of the (rest pie lures that Tanner has done for many rears, full of genuine religious feeling. LITTLE CHANCE OF _ Efforts to Penetrate Mine Following Explosion Pro ceeding Slowly Kcclea, W. Va.. April JB.-Kfforts to pen I etrate mine No. 5 of the New River Col* ; llerles company, wrecked with mine No. i ft by an explosion yesterday, progressed l slowly today. There was little chance of rescuing alive any of the 17H miners en tombed In mine No. 5. Rescuers continued clearing debris from the ruined shaft and expected to know the fate of the men by tomorrow noon. The shaft guides of mine No. 5, by which the cage is controlled, ha vs been badly damaged and must be repaired be fore the cage can be lowered to the bot Fom~ Tonight the rescuers reached a point within fiO feet of the bottom. Thousands visited the scene of the dis aster today. The eight bodies of the men who met death in mine No. ft were pre pared for burial. All of the ft? men In jured in mine No. ft are expected to re cover. governor Hatfield returned to Charles ton tonight leaving Chief State Mine fa* spector Karl Henry and 60 deputies la charge of rescue work.