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, Ji. IV. HAHHETT.Editor Entered at the Birmingham, Ala., postoffice ns second class matter under act of Congress March 3, _ Dally and Sunday Ago Herald—JS.00 Dally and Sunday per month - .70 Dally and Sunday, three months .. 2.00 Weekly Age-HeraUl, per annum., ^.on Sunday Age-Herald .. ..- _ou A. J. Eaton. Jr., and O. E. Young are the only authorized traveling repre sentatives of The Age-Herald in Its circulation department. No communication will be published Without its author's name. Rejected manuscript will not be returned unless stamps are enclosed for that purpose. Remittances can be made at current rate of exchange. The Age-Herald "ill not be responsible for money sent through the mails. Address. THE AGE-HERALD. Birmingham. Ala. Washington bureau. 207 Hibbs bulld European bureau, <1 Henrietta street. Covent Garden, London. Eastern business office. Rooms 48 to tto, Inclusive. Tribune building. New York City; Western nuslness office. Tribune building. Chicago. The S. C. Beckwith Special Agency, agents for eign advertising. TELEPHONE Hell fpTlvale egehnnge connecting nil rflepnrtmcnln). Main 4000. *ce how the moenlng npe* her golden k gales._V1‘ BEGINNING THE DAY—I stand , RDinzed, t* Lord, before this won drous, onbellevnhle thing—tlist a mortal can come Into communication with God. Thou delgnest to hear me, and Thou spenkest to m) Inner lienrt no that I may know Thy will. I would remain In Thine audience ehnmher forever, O Moat High and CtrnelotiN God. Amen.—H, M. E. v r Cost of Man's Neglect It frequently happens that men com plain about hard times, lay great stress upon unsatisfactory conditions and place the blame upon various causes when in truth their own con duct is largely responsible for the evils which exist. The high cost of living has been laid upon the shoulders of the middle man and the soaring price of beef is charged to the packers, but the depart ment of agriculture has recently issued a bulletin showing that the neglect and perhaps cruelty of many of our | farmers and cattle raisers are respon sible for great loss in meat animals and consequently contributory to the rise in prices of such foodstuffs. The department placed the loss last year among food animals from disease and exposure at $150,000,000. Admittedly in most cases the dis ease could not have been prevented but unquestionably a large quota thereof resulted from lack of care, im proper housing and insufficient feed ing. The loss by exposure is placed at $28,000,000, an amount sufficient to have supplied the entire New England states with meat for a year. Not only does humanity cry out against such a slaughter of animals by reason of man’s cruelty and neglect but the folly of such conduct is apparent from an economic viewpoint, for just so long as such a policy is maintained just so long will elimination of the middle man by improved market systems, and just so long will reduction in transpor tation rates prove ineffectual in low ering the cost of living. The economic significance of these figures lends an overwhelming impor tance to the Rockefeller contribution for the study and elimination of ani mal diseases, and if it does not teach man humanity it should impress upon him the folly of neglect and heartless conduct toward the brute creation and the value gained in exercising care and consideration to see that such dis eases are not superinduced by his thoughtless or disregardful acts. A Pickpocket's Career The average person is more apt to be familiar with the old pickpocket Fagin in Charles Dickens’ novel, “Oli ver Twist,” than he is with the charac ter and methods of the successful “dip” in real life. Yet the study of crime is vastly interesting to some people. It was a passion with Balzac, who created perhaps the greatest criminal type in fiction in Jacques Col lin, “King of the Hulks,” and Dickens was another writer who found the ways of the underworld a fascinating Study. A man was recently arrested in St. Louis for picking pockets and was identifed as “New Orleans Frenehy,” a notorious offender whose real name is Frank Reed. He is 76 years old and has been a pickpocket for 61 years. Moralists will find subject for com ment in the fact that he has nothing to show for his numerous thefts and is as poor today as he was when he “nicked a poke” for the first time, jvhich in the argo of crime means •tealing a purse from somebody’s pocket. Reed has been arrested many times, but usually got off with a light sentence and that is the only fortu nate circumstance he has to recall during 61 years of crime. Like Fagin, he too has had his pupils, some of whom have become widely known and in whom he takes a queer sort of pride. It is a mistake, Reed declares, to "operate" at circuses, conventions and expositions, because pickpockets are expected on such occasions and extra police protection Is furnished. He has I found railroad junctions and street : car transfer points the most profita ble fields for picking pockets, as peo ple are usually excited at such places about getting on their trains or cars and it is easy for his accomplices to jostle them while the master “dip” picks their pockets. “It takes three men to nick a poke,” says Reed, “and young fellows who start out trying to do jobs on their own hook don’t last long.” In the criminal world a pickpocket is not much above the sneak thief, despite the fact that great shrewdness and skill arc required to ply his call ing successfully. The bank burglar is of course the aristocrat of the profes sion, although the train robber stands high and is credited with even greater courage, but all, from the lowest to the highest, say that a life of crime doesn’t pay, even when they are fairly successful in escaping punishment, which should afford some consolation to the man who has to work hard for every cent he gets. The Attempt at Mediation While mediation plans are being considered by the South American envoys whose good offices have been accepted by President Wilson, Ameri cans are enabled to leave Mexico without hindrance. That much has been accomplished at any rate. Outside of administration and ■ Latin-American diplomatic circles mediation is not deemed practical. Some public men who are inclined to be friendly to the administration think that mediation should not have been considered until the United States had marched an army into Mexico City. Yesterday the envoys were more optimistic than ever, due to the fact that Carranza, the head of the con stitutionalists, had formally accepted the principle of mediation. This puts a brighter aspect on the situation, hut after all, it is hard to see how anything can come of the efforts now being made by those who are hoping to avert war. There can be no permanent peace or stable government in Mexico until the United States has occupied the country and taken complete charge of its affairs. It did not take long for , the United States to restore order in Cuba, but this government’s work there was simplified when a clause was written into the Cuban constitu tion making the island a protectorate of the Upited States. The northern part of Mexico should be annexed to the United' States; but whether that is done or not, it is not likely that the rest of the country would submit willingly to bearing the same rela tion to the Washington government that Cuba does. The patriotic element in this coun try, and practically all Americans are patriots when it comes to the ques tion of trouble with a foreign nation, want to see definite action in regard to Mexico at an early date. One thing is certain, mediation can amount to nothing unless full satis faction is made to the United States for all the outrages perpetrated in the recent past; and more, unless positive assurance can be given that a republic will be maintained on peaceful and liberty-loving lines. The envoys must allow no temporizing on the part of either Huerta or Carranza. Whatever is done by the intermediaries should be done quickly. There has been too much patient waiting already. The United States can afford to do noth ing that is not in the highest sense ethical, but it could ill afford to sur render to the scheming leaders of Mexico through so-called diplomacy. The War and Disease Taking the figures of the New York Herald as a basis, the United States in its old war with Mexico enlisted some 57,000 volunteers to fight along side of 27,000 regular troops. The losses from wounds received in battie amounted to 1400 privates and 120 officers, while disease carried off 1 10,800 men and 12,000 were dis charged for disability. Thus about 10 per cent of the total enlistment were killed, disabled or invalided. It is declared that should the pres ent entanglement with Mexico be pushed we will need at least 250,000 men in the field and should the same ratio of losses be sustained the cost of the conflict will be pretty dear. However, the advancement of medical 1 knowledge and our experience in deal ing with tropical diseases during the i war with Spain would materially re duce the relative decimation of ranks i by sickness, as typhoid has been vac cinated out of existence and other dis eases have been reduced to a mini- 1 mum. j In the old Mexican war the Ameri- 1 can invasion was made from two points, Vera Cruz and the site of the present Brownsville. The latter in- , vading force never arrived within 500 miles of Mexico City and it was the Vera Cruz expedition that accom plished the effective work. If the present threatened campaign is pushed there will undoubtedly be four inva sions, one from Vera Cruz, one from Tampico, one from El Paso and one from Laredo. None of the routes will present the dangers, the risks or the hardships that obtained in the ‘10’s, and most of the fatalities sus tained will be the effect of the Mexi can bullet. A controversy having: been started over the proper pronunciation . of “Maxixe,” the name of the latest "dance hall hor ror,” a newspaper reader states that the word Is of Portuguese origin, and is pro nounced according to that language. In Portuguese the ”m” is pronounced the same as in English, the “a” has the broad sound of the ”a” in "father,” the ”x” has a sound similar to “ah” in Eng lish words like "should” and "sheet,” the ”i” is pronounced like ”ee” in "beet,” and the final ”e” is sounded like the short "a” in English. Thus "maxixe” is pronounced "mah-sheese-shay,” with the emphasis on the second syllable, but as tlie last syllable is considerably softened, the pronounciation is more like "mah sheese." MaJ. B. T. Selman of Birmingham, who lias had practical experience and success in selling machinery in Latin-America, writes a letter to The Age-Herald on i subject of far-reaching importance, and t should be generally read. The com nunlcatlon appears in today's issue, and 5Very ambitious young man who has his »ye fixed on a business career should read t carefully. Also business men generally ihould read and ponder it. Major Selman fives good advice, and the particular /alue of it is that it comes from experi ir.ee. While the country la marking time for i few days awaiting a report from the in ermediaries the state department is hav ng a little rest; but the chances are that within another week Mr. Bryan's dove >f peace will be in a fateful mixup with he dogs of war. The Pennsylvania railroad system has ssued a list of 77 employes retired on pen lions this month, the largest number re ired at any time since the plan was ln tugurated. Among those retired is one 'oman, Josephine Miller, who has been employed at Lancaster, Pa., for 33 years. Mary, the negro cook of the noted Page : amily, of which Ambassador Walter 1 dines Page is a member, recently sent a >air of Carolina hams to Queen Mary of ' England, and has been notified that the , in ms were received, although the Queen i ias not yet expressed her appreciation. _..._i A Cleveland woman who felt the need 1 • f a little exercise went out and horse- 1 vbipped two newspaper men. The free lorn of the press is Ignored when a worn- , in gets her dander up. The "front,” having been made thor- , •uglily hygienic by modern sanitary nethods, "going to the front” is not so « langerous as it used to be. < "Paint is cheap,” says a Denver paper, a doubt, but applying it to fence or 1 >arn is just as laborious as ever, and 1 ipring fever is in our midst. A performance of Pavlowa was delayed n Chicago by a “lack of clothes,” but . t was the oboe player in the orchestra who lacked the clothes. > Pierre Loti says nicotine doesn't help llm to write. We’ve always had a sus >iclon that tobacco was overrated as an idjunct to literature. If Mary Garden has quit America for mod, as she declares, the almighty Amer can dollar must have suddenly lost its ittraction for her. The Ford people can make an automo bile In 38 minutes, but n,n amateur driver •an convert it into a pile of junk in ibout 38 seconds. England's liquor bill increased $25,000, last year. John Bull needs some sort >f “bracer” to offset the activities of suf 'ragettes. ’ An ability to sing tenor usually implies i certain faculty in love-making, which nay account for some of Caruso's roubles. A woman writer says men like a Jhangeable woman. Not if she changes oo often and they have to pay for the •hanges. There is a great deal of competition be ween spring poets and war poets, with he odds considerably in favor of spring joets. Huerta may be willing to "listen to rea •on,” but those United states marines cilled at Vera Cruz are still’ dead. Miss Wilson will be a May bride instead >f a June bride, thus showing that she is lot at all superstitious. The "sex problem” as a problem per se exists largely between the covers of leurotic books. Villa says Huerta is a drunkard, which seems to make it unanimous. LI KE M'Ll'KE SAYS i’rom the Cincinnati Enquirer. There are all sorts of people in the vorld, including the man who is sore lecnuso the train isn't wrecked when le takes out an accident policy before naking a trip. The trouble about the fast young nan is that, lie is never going in the iglit direction. It isn't the way you look at other firls that makes your wife mad. It is lie way you don’t look at her. You can always flatter a married foman by telling her that she doesn't ook it. A sociologist is a man who draws a >ig salary for teling girls who earn 6 per week that automobiles and wine ire unhealthy. A man doesn't have to be a coward o he afraid of his wife. The man who sn't afraid of his wife when he has lone something he shouldn't have done lasn't much of a wife. When wre do not like a man we go iround and say so to every stranger ve meet. But, somehow or other, we lever think of telling the man himself. The old-fashioned man who used to >uy gold bricks now' has a son w'ho vants to see the blue prints before he vill invest a dime in United States >onds. You can always bet that the lad who whines that he Is beins kept down is ilways the last one up. The world Is growing better. The itock of male sopranos isn't nearly as IN HOTEL LOBBIES Lnrjff Weekly Pay Roll* “One of tlie most Interesting facts affecting Fairfield Is the large volume of the pay rolls," said John C. Lusk. “We have a pay day every week. The four big industries operating at Fair field are now paying out In wages at the rate of $25,000 a week. And this is cash and* goes into quick circulation hereabouts. There are sflll other in dustries In and around Fairfield, whose pay rolls aggregate a goodly sum. It Is safe to say that the Fairfield pay rolls are now at the rate of between $1,500,000 and $2,000,000 a year. Twelve months hence the pay rolls will proba bly be doubled. “Fairfield is building up Tapidly, and visitors are more than ever impressed with its right to the title, ‘Model Indus trial City of America.’ It has its es thetic side as well as its utilitarian and notably sanitary side. Now in the spring of the year Fairfield is distinct ly beautiful.” A Great Orchestra “The St. Louis Symphony orchestra will he heard here next week for the first time, but quite a number of Bir mingham citizens have had the pleasure >f listening to it," said Oliver Chall foux. “It was a feature of the great ^aengerfest programme in Milwaukee i few years ago. “I attended the Saengerfest and in >ur party was Prof. Fred L. Grambs, ,vho was director of the singing section >f the Birmingham Turnverein, and nore than a score of others. We all en joyed the St. Louis' orchestra greatly, t is one of the best of the half dozen •eally great orchestras in the United ■'tates. Max Zach, the conductor, is magnetic and authoritative. He plays ipon the orchestra with the same facil ty that an accomplished pianist plays ipon the piano. It is a treat to watch lim conduct." Good Bonds liny The Alabama Good Hoads association s receiving quite a number of indorse ncnts from mayors and probate judges n regard to observing Good Roads »uys, August 14 and 15. James R. Croley, probate jujtlge of f>eKalb county, writes to Secretary tountree: “When the commissioners’ •ourt mots in May I shall be glad to lave a resolution passed by the entire >oard indorsing Good Roads Days, Au rust 14 and 15, also urging the people 0 observe these days and to carry out our suggestions. Thanking you for our kind suggestions and great inter est in this all Important subject of rood roads.” 10. B. Deason, probate judge of Chil on county, in a letter to the secretary lays: “I think much good has been done n observing August 14 and 15 as Good loads Days. 1 shall take the matter ip with the commissioners' court at its lext meeeting and will let you hear rom me in reference to what they do. am ready to do what I can to pro note the building of good roads.” Many other probate judges and may >rs have written similar letters in lorsing this movement and assuring he secretary of their hearty co-oper ition. It is believed that every county n the state will make an effort to ob erve these days this year. War Will Help llunlnem* “While everybody knows what a ter ible thing war is, I believe an oeca iional war has a certain moral and pa riotic value,” said S. F. Merrell of Chi •agn. "At any rate some good to some >ody comes of a conflict at arms be ween nations. All right minded men ove peace, but in order to uphold a Kit ion’s dignity arid prestige war is in nany cases necessary. “This country has already inter vened In Mexico, and despite the ac Ivlty and optimism of the envoys, war Vlll be declared and fought to a finish. “The 1’nited States will have to bring 5rder out of political and commercial diaos in the neighboring republic, and t will probably take a year or more to lo it. In the meantime several bloody cattles will be fought. “It is generally thought that when war darts on a large scale, business will be ?reatly stimulated. The iron market will 'ertainly stiffen up and there will be an ncreased demand for steel products. I vould not be surprised to see an indus rial boom under full headway within the lext two or three weeks.” Rnilroml Employe*’ Pensioned “The Pennsylvania railroad system has iust issued the list of the employes re lied on pensions in April, 1914,” said a •ailroad official. “It comprises 77 names -the largest number ever retired in any >ne month since the pension plan was established. “Among those just retired are a gen eral superintendent and an assistant to 1 vice-president, who was also a former general manager of the railroad. These lien have been retired upon exactly the *ame conditions as control the case of a :rack walker or a brakeman. One woman, Josephine Miller, was among those re ared on April 1. She had been employed 5n the Philadelphia division at Lancaster, t’a., for the past 33 years. “That it is the practice on the Penn sylvania railroad for men to make its service their life work is indicated by the fact that six of these employes who liave just retired, have been on the pay roll more than 60 years, 14 others more [ban 45 years and 30 others more than 40 ^ears. In other words, 50 of the 77 men •etired on the Pennsylvania railroad sys tem on April 1, had been in active serv ice of the company more than 40 years. “The Pennsylvania railroad’s pension plan of taking care o* faithful employes in old age provides that the entire pen sion shall be paid by the company. Every miploye must retire at the age of 70. In mse of physical disability at the age of io. an employe may be retired. The pen sion amounts to 1 per cent of the aver age salary or wage for the 10 years previ 5us to retirement, multiplied by the num ber of years the man has been in the employ of the company. The plan ap plies to every employe without regard to the rank.” THE GREAT “TIVERTON METEOR*’ From Wide World Magazine. During the height of a severe thunder storm, which swept over Tiverton, Rhode [siand, on the evening of August 27, 1913, i terrible crash sounded over the town. Windows were broken, pictures and china thrown down, and a great commotion caused. The news soon spread abroad that the people who lived near Stone Bridge, which spans the water between riverton and Newport, had seen a great Pall of dull red fire shoot across the *ky in the direction of the river, not very far from the bridge. Oir£ gentleman ol sxcellent reputation declared that he saw t plainly, and that the shock was so freat when it struck the water that he was thrown to the ground and stunned, rhis evidence was readily accepted, and the fame of Tiverton’s meteor spread rap idly. Great regret was expressed that there was no hope of rescuing it from its grave in 30 feet of water. Shortly, however, three fishermen who lived near by showed great interest In the possibility of bringing it to the surface. They ascertained the location where the fireball was supposed to have gone down, and soon after went out very early one morning in quest of it. We may imagine the joy and surprise of the Tiverton pecr 1 pie when the three men returned in the afternoon with a great dark mass—the lost meteor! How they got it into the net. how it nearly dragged them into the water, and how they cracked it by drop ping it on the dock, proved such an in teresting story that the trio had to go over it again and again. A dense throng soon appeared to view the visitant from the skies. Offers were received by the lucky men from many quarters, which they re peated with pride. Soon they began to charge 10 cents a peep, and the writer duly offered up hi.s dime. The stone cer tainly looked like a visitor from other worlds. It was smooth and shiny, heavy as lead, but brittle and seamed, showing crystal formations in the seams. The throng came with its dimes; the Asso ciated Press sent representatives, and newspaper men. enough to start a war. were soon on the scene. Finally the happy owners removed the meteorite to Fall River, where, In a store, it again drew a large crowd at a dime each. Just as they were planning to take it to the Brockton fair, a scholar of note appeared and gave the half-round solid mass an examination. He was familiar with the country round about the spot where this was found, and also familiar with meteors. He was obliged to report that this wonder-stone was nothing more or less than a potful of slag from an old copper mine near the Stone Bridge! He added that many fishermen finding them of the right size and weight, had used these slag balls as ballast. Tiverton was not ready to give up yet, however. What should be said of the ter rible explosion and the ball of fire seen by so many? About the explosion there was certainly no doubt; broken windows don’t come from the imagination. The inhabitants stood firmly by their meteor, until a local contractor went to get some dynamite from his store-chest. It was gone, and the rascals—a party of mis chievous boys—1who stole it and exploded it on an island in the river were soon discovered. The contractor refused to prosecute the boys, much to the disgust of the oldest inhabitant, who feels the indignity which his town has undergone very keenly. And so ends the history of the great ’’Tiverton Meteor.” SEVENTY YEARS A CROOK From the New York World. James McCormack. 75, appeared yester day before Judge Dike in Brooklyn in an swer to an indictment charging him as a fifth offender with grand larceny in the second degree, petty larceny, and receiv ing stolen goods. In his career of crime McCormack has been known under the aliases of Sprols and O’Bridn. He came before Judge. Dike with powerful shoulders and snow-white head bowed slightly, but there was a youthful twinkle in his eyes, which met those of the judge squarely. "McCormack, how old were you w’hen you committed your first crime?” Judge Dike asked. "1 really can’t remember, judge,” Mc Cormack replied coolly. "1 have done so many ‘little jobs’ that it is pretty hard to keep track of them all. But I must have been very young when 1 committed my first crime—hardly out of knickerbockers, I should say.” "And you’ve been committing crime ever since, haven't you?” Judge Dike asked. "Yes,’ answered McCormack. "But 1 want to plead guilty this time. I am an old man, and 1 know I can’t 'beat' this charge. I will not plead guilty ns a fifth offender, though.” There was a gleam of defiance In the old burglar's eye as he made the last statement, for to plead guilty as a fifth offender would probably send him to jail for life. "Well, McCormack,” said the judge. "1 am disposed to be reasonable with you. As you have said, you are an old man. In five years’ time you will be 80 years old. Your days of crime will be at an end then. If you plead guilty as a first offender, I will be unable to give you more than five years in Sing Sing—the maximum under our law.” McCormack pleaded guilty as a first of fender. He will be sentenced Monday. A MAINE PLUNGER From life. The fact has been widely advertised In the papers that in the early spring, when the buds are Just beginning to burst and the moving vans are coming out of cold storage, a young woman of Maine will take her departure for the primeval for est. What seems to interest everybody is that she will not go along with the usual array of Saratoga trunks and hand bag gage. including a Persian cat, a Nebuch adnezzar dog. a photographic moving pic ture outfit and a bottle of cold cream; but, on the contrary, she will go with out anything at all. Every stitch of clothing will be left behind by this am bitltous young woman, including hair pins, face powder, red paint and other modern necessaries. Arrayed only in a warm pink glow', she will sally forth among the trailing arbutus and the pussy willows, if there be such, and the other flora and fauna, watting to receive her. After idling the time briskly away for a couple of months, dodging bears and other animals who may have se cured season tickets, she will come back improved In health and with a coat of tan that would bring the blush of shame to a Brazilian salamander. While we are not desirous of discouraging anybody who wishes, even at this late date, to introduce a new health fad. we are bound to say that we do not believe this ex periment wdll be a success. This Is not necessarly because of the remoteness, but because it was tried once before, with all the scenery and state business. Eve started off just that way, and what was the unhappy result? It is too painful to dwell on. To repeat it at this time, how ever. seems rather hopeless. DOTHAN WILL AID PENSACOLA From the Dothan Morning News. Dothan yesterday began an active and energetic campaign to aid Pensacola In obtaining the re-establishment of a navy yard and coaling station at that place. Combined with this movement is one to have Alabama coal used at this coaling station. The Chamber of Commerce sent tele grams to Senator Bankhead, Congress men Underwood and Clayton or Alabama, Secretary of the Navy Daniels and Sen ator Lee S. Overman of North Carolina and L. Y. Sherman of Illinois and Con gressman McKenzie of Illinois, represen tative from Secretary N. T. Cobb’s home district, asking them to aid the Pensa cola delegation, now en route to Wash ington. in their efforts to obtain the navy yard and coaling station. TROUBADOUR AND JESTER IRONY. Of busy, beauteous Birmingham, the poet fain would speak, Whore men of many nations a habitation seek. Her hills are vast storehouses of richest iron ore. Her furnaces and foundries vast floods of metal pour. Her men are strong and brawny, with heart and nerves of steel, And in her vast upbuilding show' pur pose strong, and zeal. Her maidens are metallic, too, though oft appearing meek, For when they say they love you, they ironically speak! —Robert A. Love. Now look here. Bob, you must not rob Our city girls of truth; It may be you're somewhat obscure In making love, forsooth. Now iron, you know, to steel will go If carbon you Infuse. And diamonds pure are carbon sure, So try a little ruse. A diamond give, and as I live Next week you’ll surely feel There’s not one gal ironical, But al lare true as steel. TRESTO CHANGE. A tadpole has no legR at all, But when a frog he swims. A girl at fifteen loses her’s For then they turn to limbs. A LA ME7ICANA. I've often suffered severe pains, But nothing ever griped me I As I felt last Saturday When that tag woman sniped me. VANQUISHED. I’ve often tried to find a word To rhyme with Louis Plgitz, 9 But when I think that I’ve bagged one, It usually misfits. I’ve often tried to find a word To rhyme with Judge Cahalan. But I, alas, must give it up— My powers sure are failin’. ^ WHO OS HE? If Constant Reader from Squaw Shoals, Who writes to Troubadour, Will send his name we’ll publish wbat He writes and maybe more. His rhyme’s all right, but then his feet Have qpite a hop and twist; l But we ran fix them up with some Poem chiropodist. MODEST SPINSTER. Host: “Miss Sally, may I help you to a turkey leg?” Miss Sally: “Yes, if you will cover it with gravy pantalettes.” PATRIOTIC. Sonny: “Pa, is all our war dogs in Mexico?” Pa: “Nearly all.” Sonny: “Well, I hope they won’t come back with their hind legs shaved and looking like Mexican dogs.” C. F. M. GREAT TRIALS OF HISTORY TRIAL OF THE STAUNTONS IT is close to 40 years since the famous trial of the Stauntons in England was being followed with marked attention throughout the English-speaking world as one of the most remarkable murder trials that had been held previously or since then. It was only by mere chance that the discovery was made that the death of Mrs. Harriet Staunton had not been regular, but that there was a trag edy back of it. On the evening of Friday. April 13, 1877, an inquiry was made at a shop in Forbes road, Penge, as to the place where a death could be registered. It was stated that the deceased was a lady from Cudham, in Kent. There was in the shop at the time a gentleman bear ing the historic but unusual name of Casablanca. He became interested, as he had a sister-in-law in that location whom he and his wife had heard was a victim of serious maltreatment. Casablanca took it upon himself to look into the matter, and the revelations that followed led to the postponement of the funeral and an examination of the body. Harriet, before her marriage to Louis Staunton, had been Harriet Richardson. She had left to her by wdll close to £4000. The marriage took place on June 16, 1875. As there had been no settlement, Louis Staunton became possessed of all the property to which his wife was then or might at any future time become en titled. Harriet's mother visited her daughter three weeks after the wedding, and wras then informed never to do so again, and it was the last time she saw Harriet alive. Rumors reached her that tile husband was paying attention to one Alice Rhoades and sadly neglecting his wife. Louis Staunton bad a married brother by name of Patrick, and after their :*hi 1H was born it was to Patrick that he sent his wife and child to board. From the 23d of October, 1876, to the 12th of April, 1877. Harriet Staunton disappeared from the outer world. The nature of the treatment to which Harriet was subjected during these sad months was strongly dis puted at the trial; but it is certain that she was kept in duress, and forbidden to go outside of the door of the house. At any rate, the unfortunate infant of the Louis Stauntons died of the treatment. Finally, when Harriet became so weak and emaciated that she could no longer speak, she was placed in a room at Penge, where she died on April 13. On the 18th the coroner empanelled n jury In order that a post-mortem might be held. It de veloped that there were no traces of poison or any evidence of violence, but TOMORROW—TRIAL OF GENERAL STOESSEL WHEN DEATH COMES From the Providence Journal. Andinow appears a confident person with a now theory that death comes at random and according to the hazard if the governing circumstances, rather Ilian during a preferred period of the 24 hours. There has long been a tra litlon—in fact, it might almost be railed a matter of common knowl edge—that death is most likely to oc ?ur in the early morning hours, which is to say, In the later hours of the liurna! period of darkness. This belief has been so common as 10 he practically unquestioned, and it has often been "scientifically" ex plained. The vital forces are supposed 10 be at their lowest ebb in the hours iust preceding daybreak, and it seemed inly natural that the waning spark of life should tend to flicker out during this time of greatest depression. But scientists, mathematicians and statisticians are continually enacting Lhe role of iconoclasts, and they take apparent Joy in upsetting our precon ceived notions of the facts of life. This particular statistician gained access to the records of a large hospital covering a period of many years, and from his researches he was enabled to compile a table showing that more persons had 31ed In the early afternoon than at any other hour of the day. The early hours of the morning were second In the mortality records, and the fewest deaths ocourred between 7 and 11 in the morning. But the difference between the least and the most fatal hours was very slight, tending to show that death is quite Impartial in the choice of the hour of visitation. TEACHING ENGLISH From the Chicago Record-Herald. For years educational publications, and others, have been working at the thesis that some way must be found to teach the college boy how to write decent Eng lish. All the reformers have taken the same tack and had the same port in view: they have considered the ultimate effect on the learner without thinking much about the incidental effect on the teacher. The recent flight of a college professor from his thesis and his classes brings Into view a neglected side of the business. This poor man, harassed for a number of terms by. "mast," "clarity," the "loose" the complete absence of fat and the ex treme emaciation of the body drove Pro fessor Rodgers to the conclusion that death was due to starvation and neglect. The result of the coroner’s inquest was that on Saturday, May 19, the Jury ren dered a verdict of willful murder against the Staiyitons and Alice Rhodes. The* contradictions between their evidently concerted narrative and the cumulative testimony of a crowd of independent wit nesses were overwhelming. The prisoners were taken to Maidstone jail and on Monday, May 21, they were 1 brought before the bench at Bromley. Tile hearing of. the cases was held at various times between'that date and June 13, and on the latter date the quartet were committed to the ensuing Kent assizes ^ on the charge of murder. The Kent assizes were held at Maid stone, hut so bitter whs the public that the court did not believe the prisoners would get a fair trial there, so it was re moved to the central criminal court. The trial became known as the Penge mys- / tery. Sir Henry Hawkins, the lord chief justice, sat in Judgment. Each of the prisoners were separately represented. The trial was postponed several times, but was finally begun on September 19, 1877. Tlte issue before the jury was explained / to them that it was necessary to iind out whether Harriet Staunton had met her death through the culpable misconduct of the prisoners, and if so, whether such misconduct amounted to murder or man- i slaughter. If the deceased was kept with out food or otherwise neglected with the design of causing her death, those who abetted the guilty design would be guilty of murder. , The examination and cross-examination of the witnesses lasted five days, and when the jury retired they were only out^ an hour and a half, when they brought in a verdict of guilty against all four i persons, but recommended the two women to mercy. The judge pronounced death upon all four persons, but the public had . changed their temper when the two „ women were to meet their death, and long petitions were circulated to save them. Finally on October 14 the death penalty was remitted, and a fortnight later the sentence of the three Stauntons was commuted to penal servitude for life. Aliro Rhodes received a freo pardon and was immediately released. Patrick Staunton died in prison, his wife was re leased after a few years and Louis Staun ton, after serving a considerably longer term. Mystery will always brood over the Penge case. end the “periodic” sentence, the inborn inability of his young barbarians to feel that decent English was worth the bother, and their genial indifference toward achieving it even if it were, “flew the - coop.” Returning from New York after^ a fortnight of freedom, he explained that his ungracious and monotonous job had become too much for his nerves. No doubt it was. We must regard Evanston's refugee as a victim of the as sumption that everybody can be taught^ to write English. There was one period in development of the public schools when it was assumed that everybody could be taught to sing and to draw. A lot of time was wasted. Writing Eng lish is a “fad,” like any other. The con tentions of semi-illiteracy in business letters are now accepted, they need not * be questioned and disturbed. The college Instructor in rhetoric should work only on a few picked pupils. THE LOST MOTHER By Josephine McCoy. ^ O little Knight of Hungry Heart. My busy I,nrd of Play. Thy mother treads a narrow road That steepens day by day. O little son. the path divides Beneath a low-hung tree; What if 1 stray and taka the way That leads not hack to thee? W Though on the fields of Paradise It opened out at last. Oh. I should miss thy lagging feet. Thy small hand, warm and fast: How could I hear to smell the flowers Or see the butterflies, When thou, I know, wouldst love them/ so, “ O little Hungry Eyes? No, I should see thee making pics Even of Lethe's sands: The apples of Hesperides Low-growing to my hands Would mind me of the mortal boughs With earth's Hawed treasures hung, Where he and I have held thee high J To reach them as they clung. And when the golden twilight fell Across the heavenly vales I’d hear thy father telling thee His well-worn sleepy tales. Till, creeping to the quiet porch Where Vega wliitely shines, Unseen, a lost and hungry ghost, I'd crouch behind the vines. , v And thou wouldst cry for me, I know. Perhaps a day and night, Until my yearning memory Grew dim and faded quite. O small arch-pleader, when I pause Beneath that sombre tree, , Ask God. I pray, to point the way That leads me back to thee!