Newspaper Page Text
BE USED TO PROPEL ERIE CANAL BOATS Westinghouse’s Dream of Many Years Is About to be Realized Commercially SOUTH ALSO OFFERS BIG POSSIBILITIES Erie Canal Will Carry Great Quan tities of Freight From Lakes to New York and Boston By HOLLAND. New York, May 17.—(Special.)—An nouncement was made a few' days ago of the contemplated organization of a corporation capitalized at about $3,000, 000 whose purpose It is to build and then operate vessels driven by power which will navigate the Erie canal as Boon as it Is completed. Whether this particular corporation will be organized or not, it is certain that there will be a corporate organization, and perhaps more than one. whose sole purpose wr!11 be the navigation of che improved Erie canal by power-driven boats. The canal will really terminate at a con venient point upon the Brooklyn wrater frorft facing New York harbor. But the perfecting of facilities at that point will be made after the canal proper from Buf falo to Lake Erie to navigable water on the Hudson near Albany has been com pleted. When it is finished the Hudson river will be really a part of the canal ; Bystem, as it was. in fact, when the Erie canal was first open to navigation nearly 90 years ago. The understanding is that the power driven vessels which will navigate the canal will utilize electric energy. In fact, the perfected plans, so far as announced, report that the engines will be controlled Ay an operator stationed in the pilot house Fand that it will be necessary to employ only ordinary labor in the engine room proper. Should a method of this kind be adopted ■with commercial practicability, there will be fulfilled a prediction made by George Westinghouse and Dr. Coleman Sellers of Philadelphia, one of the great men of Bcience of his time, 31 years ago. About the time of the first Installation of power producing apparatus was made at the Ni agara Falls electric power plant, in the Bpring of 1892, Mr. Westinghouse invited Borne 10 or 12 men eminent in science and Governor Flower of New York, with other members of the state government, to visit the Niagara electric power plant, so that they might see the magnitude of the work of installation then in progress at that place. The company was invited by Frank Hawley of Rochester to spend two or three hours in the suburbs of that city for the further purpose of inspecting an apparatus which he had perfected whereby electric energy could be utilized for towing canal boats. Mr. Westinghouse was greatly in terested in this proposition. He had been for sometime convinced that ultimately electric energy could be used to com mercial advantage in towing canalboats, imd if this were done there would in evitably follow important commercial and tr ade changes, not only in New York state, but elsewhere. The Hawley Experiment Mr. Hawley had caused to be built a small tug-like boat from w'hl«#h a trolley apparatus extended to a trolley line which ran upon poles parallel to the banks of the canal. To this towboat an ordinary canalboat was attached by towiine. The test was extremely interesting to Mr. Westinghouse. The electric energy ob tained from the trolley line was sufficient to enable the towboat to haul the canal boat at a rate of from five to six miles an hour, or substantially at double .the speed which the use of animal power for towing made possible. The electric en ergy was obtained from the Rochester electric light plant. Later that day Mr. Westinghouse said that the Hawley experiment did not dem onstrate the immediate commercial prac ticability of tne utilization of electricity for canalboat towing. It did, however, convince him and Dr. Sellers that the time was not distant when the towpath of the Erie canal would l>e abandoned and the canalboats would be driven through the canal by electric power. It would be nec essary. Mr. Westinghouse said, greatly to Improve the canal, making it if possible an artificial waterway capable of floating barges or boats that would carry 1000 tons. Furthermore, It would be necessary to invent an absolutely new electrical ap paratus. Both of these conditions Mr. ■Westinghouse was certain would be es tablished In the course of a few years. The state of New York and the men of •Hence seem now fully to have estab lished these essential conditions. The im proved canal which will speedily be ready for navigation will be capable of floating largd barges or barges carrying perhaps 1000 tons of freight, and the men of science liave perfected electric apparatus, some of It of a kind never dreamed of in 1892, which can. with commercial practicability, be utilised in driving canalboats. A year or two before Mr. Westlnghouse's fleath he said that what he foresaw In 1892, as within the range of probabilities, at least, was speedily to Y>e accomplished. The Improved canal and the very high ap plication of electric energy for power producing purposes would Inevitably re sult In the establishment of one or more lines operating perhaps 16 or 20 electrical ly-driven vessels upon the Erie canal. Its Commercial Importance The commercial Importance of the util ization of electricity for canalboat pur poses is now recognized, although prob ably not fully appreciated. Mr. Westing house said that if electrically-driven canal boats can operate upon the improved Erie canal at an expected rate of speed of from six to eight miles an hour, then not more than 24 hours will be required at the ut most for the transportation of freight be tween Lake Erie and the Hudson river. i This of itself will probably stimulate a great increase of Erie canal transporta tion, although there Is no possibility that the canal will ever be found a strong com petitor in certain kinds of freight trans portation in the movement of which speed is essential. It is expected that the improvement of the canal and the utilization of electric en ergy for hauling the canalboats will make it possible strongly to compete with the Canadian waterways, especially in the matter of transportation of grain from the west to the seaports. It so happens that almost coincident in point of time with the opening of the im proved Erie canal to navigation the ship canal across the shoulder of Cape Cod, whereby communication from Buzzard's bay to Massachusetts bay can be secured, will also be ready for navigation. The pre sumption Is that the Improvement of the Erie canal and the establishment of elec trically-propelled canalboats capable of carrying heavy tonnage and the comple tion of the canal across Cape Cod will serve to stimulate the foreign commerce centered in the harbor of Boston. For unless there be considerable changes In the cost of utilizing terminal facilities in New York, there is little doubt that a considerable part of the commerce which will be carried through the Erie canal will be continued by way of the Hudson river. Long Island sound and Cape Cod canal to Boston. In other parts of the country a demon stration of the capacity of modern appa ratus so to utilize electricity as to make it commercially practicable to operate canalboats of large size will unquestion ably be of considerable influence. Already in Ohio It is hoped that a canal which will match the Erie in navigable facilities will connect Lake Erie with the Ohio river. The canalization of several rivers In the south would greatly extend their navigable reaches and the utilization of electricity for the operation of canal boats of good size and upon sound, eco nomic methods would be likely consider ably to Increase the commerce In certain parts of the south, especially after the Panama canal is opened to navigation. It is spoken of here as a strangely suggestive coincidence that the Panama canal, the enlarged Erie canal and the Cape Cod canal are to be practically completed at the same time, and that coincldently there is likely to be demonstration of the avail ability of modern electric apparatus to propel boats which navigate these arti ficial waterways with profit and to the commercial and industrial advantage of many parts of the country. PYTHIANS TO ERECT A PERMANENT HOME Meridian Lodge to Construct Three Story Building—Other Items From Mississippi Meridian. May 17.—(Special.Tomorrow, with appropriate exercises, the two Knights of Pythias lodges of this city will break dirt for the construction of a three story castle hall building that will cost $75,000. The location is at the corner of Ninth street and Twenty-second avenue. It is expected that all of the state of ficers of the lodge will be in attendance. Old Hickory and Southern Pine camps, W. O. W., this afternoon unveiled at Rose Hill cemetery a beautiful monument to the memory of the late John L. Pope. There was a large attendance and the ex ercises were under the direction of Hon. W. A. Martin, state head commander of the order. At a monthly meeting! of the Meridian Clerk’s association the following officers were elected for the ensuing term of one year: J. W. Burnett, president; T. B. Little, vice president; W. F. I Lancaster, secretary; W. S. Lott, treasurer; W. T. Dial, sergeant-at-arms. A committee was appointed to ascertain if the retail mer chants would not close their places of business at 8 o’clock Saturday nights instead of 10 during the months of June, July and August. The cabbage crop in this vicinity is large and fine. Several carloads have al ready been shipped to northern points and others will be shipped this week. The graduating exercises of the Meridian public schools will be held Friday night at the Grand opera house. There will be 44 graduates, the largest class in the his tory of the public schools of the city. The enrollment this session has far surpassed any other session, being about 800 in €*x cesB of the previous year, and this does not include any county or outside pupils. Large and costly improvements are to be made on the school buildings during va cation. It is argued from the increas ing school attendance that Meridian is showing a larger growth than any other place in the state. Officers are still looking for the negro, Bob Goodwin, who is under suspicion of killing his wife, Mary Goodwin, early Fri day morning. The woman was brutally murdered In the servant’s house of a prominent family here, being first stabbed and later shot to death. Officers suspect the husband because of the fact that he can’t be found, and that the woman was suing him for a divorce. Marion’s Official Count Hamilton, May 17—(Special.)—The official count of the results of the last primary in Marion cunty is as follows: For governor, Comer 647, Henderson 509; attor ney general, Martin 242, Riddle 771; com missioner of agriculture. Persons 373, Wade 669; member state executive com mittee Sixth district. Benners 591, Burke 238, Cook 289, Gamble 472, Harris 812, Seale 425. Write tor this Book Tbdav~/~* Twenty-eight full pege photographs and fourteen smaller photographs of Colorado life. Many pages of practical in formation regarding trans portation by rail, trolley or automobile. Hotel and camping accom modations. Ratos for room and board at hotels and cottagss. Actual cost of feature trips, both long and short. I Hunting, camping and fishing grounds. Write for this beautiful book today. It is invaluable to anyone interested in Colo rado.' Issued by the Union Pacific Rad of th. Wat Kxc.ll.nt daily train aarvica from St. Lo.l.. Kanaaa City. Chicag. and Omaha. Law mM M» mmmm Unfit farm in affect Jmm In MINE'S PARENTS DEAD IN ANNISTON Claud Johnson Has Double Bereavement SISTERS ARE WORRIED I ■ Have Received No Word From the J Young Marine—Mrs. Solon Jacobs to Speak to the Euphians ! Anniston, May 17.-(Special.)—Their : father having died on April 1 and their j mother on May 8, Misses Kate and Annie Johnson, aged 18 and 16, respectively, of! this city, are now suffering Intense mental | anguish over their further failure to hear j frcm their brother, Claud Johnson, who is in the United States marine service at j Vera Cruz. The young ladies are the daughters of j W. S. Johnson, one of the Anniston pi- | or.eers, and at one time a very wealthy j citizen, having occupied a large home on J the site where the Church of St. Michael , and All Angels now stands. They state that their brother wrote tb them frequent ly before his departure for Mexico, but for several weeks they have received no word from him, either by mail or wire. The Misses Johnson say that they ad dressed letters to their brother as soon as their father died, but no reply was re ceived. They again addressed him at Vera Cruz on the death of his mother, and so far as they know he has received no in timation of his double bereavement. They fear he is either ill or that his mail is going astray, and unless they hear from him soon they will resort to# a search through naval or military departments. Claud Johnson is the only Anniston boy in active service at Vera Cruz, so far as known, and he is the main dependence of his sisters since the death of their father, whose only brother, a citizen of Birming ham, and reputed wealthy, has not been heard from recently. Mrs. Jacobs to Speak Mrs. Solon Jacobs of Birmingham, pres ident of the Alabama Equal Suffrage as sociation, will deliver an address at the Alabama Presbyterian college in this city on Tuesday evening by invitation of the Euphians, a local organization which is studying current public issues. The Euphians have devoted considerable time to the study of the suffrage ques tion, and while they are divided on the is sue, they have planned a warm reception for Mrs. Jacobs, whose address will l>e> open to the public. This will be the lirst strictly woman suffrage address ever de livered In Anniston, theer being no or ganization in this city devoted to the cause. Ready for Chautauqua The streets of Anniston have been gaily decorated and are taking on a very fes tive appearance in anticipation of the coming of the Kedpath Chautauqua, which opens here on May 22. The attraction came last year under the auspices of the Pelham Guards, and while this organiza tion is no longer In force, its members are still backing the Chautauqua, which Is under the local management of Capt. La mar Jeffers. Annistonian Is Promoted C. A. Carpenter, who has been appoint ed assistant general freight agent of the Seaboard Air Line railway, was formerly a resident of this city, where he owns property. He was connected with the Woodstock Iron works In an official ca pacity In Anniston and went from here to assume the presidency of a small branch line in Florida. Commencement Exercises The annual commencement day exerclaes began at Noble institute. Anniston school for girls. Saturday evening with an at fresco presentation of "Midsummer Night's Dream," which was largely at tended. A recital by the music pupils of Prof. C. A. Thompson takes place Mon day evening. EUFAULAPRIMARY TO BE HELD IN JUNE To Nominate City Officials—Mayor Mercer Unopposed fok- Re-election. Other Items of Interest Eufaula, May 17.—(Special.)—The pri mary for the nomination of city officers will be held In Eufaula on Monday, June 29. under a decision of the democratic ex ecutive committee, of which Capt. S. H. i Dent Is chairman. The committee at Its meeting also fixed the assessments for candidates for the various offices, and made arrangements for the appointment of managers and clerks for the election. A full city ticket is to be named, Includ ing a mayor, president of council and eight aldermen, two from each of the four city wards. Indications are that Mayor C. G. Mercer, who announced himself a can didate for re-clectlon some months ago, will not have any opposition. Only two of the present members of the council, A. M. Brown and E. R. Pruden. are standing for re-election, the othefs stating that they will not be In the race again. Eufaula and Barbour county bankers and business men are elated over the election of Col. G. D. Comer of this city as president of the Alabama Bankers' association. Colonel Comer has been serv ing as vice president of the association until promoted to the presidency at the meeting held at Decatur last week. Much progress Is being made for the Chautauqua which will he hqld in Eufaula June R to 10 under the auspices of the Commercial club and the civic organiza tions of the city. The season seat sale Is very satisfactory and the committee In charge of the chautauqqa look for It to be an unusual success. Three sessions will be held each day at the opera house, which was built for Chautauqua purposes some years ago. The work of Improving the road from Eufaula to Baker Hill, which will add an other link to the chain of good roads In Barbour county. Is rapidly nearing com pletion. Some big hills on the road are being cut down and clay laid for prac tically the entire dlsta ice. The Improved read will greatly Increase Eufaula's trade with the lower portion of the county, where there Is a large” and prosperous set tlement of white farmers. j equalTsuffrage CLUB FORMED BY MRS. 0. R. HUNDLEY Albertville. May 17.—(Special.)—Mrs. Os car' Hundley of Birmingham spoke to a crowded house at the courthouse Friday night. She was listened to with the closest attention and greeted with hearty ap plause. At the dose of the address an Equal Suf frage association was organized with Mrz. Mary S. Meigs, president; Mrs. G. VV. Heard, first vice president; Mrs. T. H. McNaron, second vice president; Mrs. J. H. Johnson, secretary, and Mrz A. E. Hankins, treasurer. POR A FEW DAYS MORE, you can purchase the largest, most useful and most authorative collection of up to-date knowledge that has ever been issued in one work, at prices which are out of all proportion to the intrinsic value of its contents, and far less than are charged for ordinary books in the book stores. Never before has it been possible to buy such a work for so little money. It is, in fact, such a fine book that 60,000 people who have bought and paid for it keep telling us that it is a fine book, and all that we have said it was. In many cases they have acknowledged that what they have learned from it was worth more to them than it cost. Every person of intelligence, any one who is ambitious to get on in the world, every head of a family—all, in fact, who appreciate sound learning and who like to own well printed and handsomely bound books should give heed to this opportunity and investigate it before the present low prices are advanced on May 28th. The Book That “Corners” All uman Knowledge The man who owns a set of this wonderful work of all human knowledge—the new Encyclopaedia Britannica—“the world put into a book”—may be said, in a very real sense, to have a “corner” on the knowledge of mankind, for if every other set of this work were destroyed it would be possible for him to reconstruct the human story from its 30,000 pages and 44,000,000 words of text. v I UNLESS YOU ACT AT ONCE You run the risk of missing the last chance to get an indispensable book at a price which is only possible because of the exceptional cir cumstances of its publication. You may, or may not decide to buy now. But if you do buy, it will be at a substantial saving, and you will have the added satisfaction of acquiring a thoroughly good book at a price which is really a great bargain. On May 28th the present price will be advanced in all bindings. A Vast Storehouse of Classified Knowledge Sixty-seven Kinds of Books All in One Book of 30,024 Pages 1 A Universal Question-Answerer. 33 The Orator’s, Conversationalist's and Letter 2 A Complete World History. Writer’s Treasury. 3 A Library of American History and Politics. 34 A Library of Sports Games and Pastimes. . , 35 An Instructive Book for Real Estate Men. 4 A Hand-book of International Biography. 36 A Hand-Book of Food Products. 5 A_Complete and Up-to-Date Atlas. 37 A Register of Recent Events and Progress 6 A Gazetteer. 38 An Up-to-Date Hand-Book of the Sciences. 7 A Hand-book of Manufactures and Commerce. 39 A Fact-Book for Printers. Binders and Paper Makers 8 A Children’s Library of Entertaining Information. 4Q A Hand-Book for Fiction Lovers. 9 A Dictionary of Technical Terms of Unusual *1 A Fact-Book for Engineers. Words. 12 A Hand-Book of Jewelry and Precious Stones. 10 A Library of Agriculture. 43 A Library of Political and Social Science. 11 A Hand-book of Medicine and Surgery. 44 A Hand-Book of Parlor Entertainments. 12 An International Guide to Literature. 45 A Fact-Book for Contractors, Builders and Archl tects. 13 An Authoritative Dictionary of Dates. 46 A Working Library for college student8, 14 A" 1Exhaust.ve Library of Religion. 47 A Useful Book to A|| Parents. 18 A Collection of Instructive and Original Pictures. ,8 A Library of Mines and Mining. 16 An nexhau.tlble Digest of Facta for Lawyers. « A Library for Hunters and Fishermen. 7 An ustrated Hand-book for the Home-Maker. i0 A Manual of Banking and Finance. 18 An Illustrated Hand-book of Railroads, Ships and 51 A Hand-Book of Manners and Customs ,o a Lran!P,?rt!t •«,,,« 52 A Library for Decorators and Designers. 19 A Hand-book of Music, S.nging, Opera and Dane- 53 An Inexhaustible Fact-Book for Country Dwellers. „ . „0, ....... 54 A Temperance Library. 20 A Practical L brary for Mechanics. 55 An ,nsurance Library. 21 A Library of Information on Questions of the Day. 56 A Critical Guide to Poetry. 22 A Complete Eibrary for Practical Farmers. 57 A Key to the Classics. 23 A Practical Guide-Book to Home and Foreign 58 A Library of Fine Arts and Architecture. . /ave‘ . _ _ 59 A Library for 8unday-Sohool Teachers and Pupils It A EZV&ZZ???? fant*U7- W°men- 60 A Library of Exploration and Adventure. 26 A Guide to Literary Style for Authors and Journal- 31 A Trustworthy Fact-Book of Mental Phenomena. ,c Th'! uiMj _ . 62 A Hand-Book of Novel Ideas for Earning Money. 25 The Best Hand-Book of Bible Study and Theology. 33 A Hand-Book of Law 1 77 a H°,T?nte uHardBB0?k, °'Ei?C.trIC,,ty- 64 A Critlcal Gulde t0 **>• World’s Humorous Liters 28 A Hand-Book of Explained Statistics. ture. ;9 * Hand-Book of Gardening and Horticulture. 35 An Ideal Library for School Teachers. 30 A Useful Library for Merchants. 66 A Library for Catholics. » t t0r!Cn'tL.°AthenrUt,U?- 67 A Llbrary of Military and Naval History and 32 A Fact-Book for Physicians and Surgeons. Science. y “ Ihe New Encyclopaedia Britannica 29 volumes, 41,000 articles, 44,000,000 words of text, the one great work of human knowl edge, superceding and displacing all other editions and all other works of reference The “Idea)" Encyclopaedia—because It I. May to buy counting quantity alone, the cheapest It I. easy to handle-each volume, though it contains book you can purchase,—and counting quality, too, as much letter press as 15 ordinary books, is only so cheap that there is no comparing it with any- an inch thick, weighs a little more than a couple thing else you could buy. You can pay as little as of monthly magazines and may he held comfort 16 down and make the remaining payments In ably In one hand. nearly any way you like. It is easy to consult—to get n quick answer to any ■ > , . , , _ question—an elaborate index gives vou the exact It la easy to house-a compact printed on India whereabouts of every item you want paper so hat Its 44 000 000 words are contained in it is easy to read for study or amusement, being in less than two cubic feet of space, only 31 inches of terestlngly and attractively written by masters of sneir room. stylo And Also the Newest, Most Authoritative, Most Practical And Beyond Comparison, the Best Investment For Small Sums Your Last Chance to profit by the present p low prices depends upon jl immediate action on your I part. The complete set p will be sen! you promptly B upon receipt of $5.00 Down The balance you can pay in practically any way ygu like—in 12, 8 or 4 months, or in cash, or at the rate of $5.60 a month. Only a Few Days Are Now Left On May 28th, in accord ance with our published announcement, prices for this work will be ad vanced. Present Low Prices have been possible only because the demand has !! called for many thousands of sets—more than 60,000 up to the present—mak ing possible large savings in the purchase of paper, leather and other mate rials, as well as in the printing. 1,000 Sets a Week are being delivered to new subscribers, and our daily orders have been more than doubled within 30 rlavs. 16 Printing Presses have been busv for two years running off the new | Britannica, and it has been necessary to provide for another 5000 sets to trieet the demand. > After May 28th tbe work will only be printed in small lots, so that the cost of manufac ture will be much higher, | and higher prices will then have to he asked of p all purchasers. The Encyclopaedia Britannica Head Office, 120 West 32nd St., New York i * ■ . • 'i H, U >■ '■ ••• '■ tk ■ | ro Help You to Decide, Ask Us to Mail Application for “67 Kinds of Books" I You Our New Pamphlet ”67 Kinds of Books” All in One Big Book This pamphlet tells you what the Ttrltanntoa Is. for nobody likes to buy a pi* in a poke; and tells you from «7 pouts of view wherein this hook is different from any other book ever written. Why It Is more valuable, more useful, more Instructive, more Indispensable than any other hook; why, no matter what other books you muy own, you nuKht to have It, In common width Home *10,1)00 other persons who have already bought It, tested It and are ustu* it with the areatesl satisfaction. J' * *>. ' ; ;• 1 Manager. Encyclopaedia Britannica 120 West 32nd Street, New York Send me by mall, your new pamphlet., “67 !; Kinds of Pooka” with description of the lTth Edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica and par ttoulars of present prices, bindings, deferred pay- \ I rnents, bookcases, etc. |i Kine ...... !] IVoOmnIoh or tloaluesa .. HvMliteure .'