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THE BIRMINGHAM AGE-HERALD
_„_______ -,----- - --t-- ■ ' — ■ -- VOLUME XXXXIV BIRMINGHAM, ALABAMA, FRIDAY, MAY L’2, 1D14 1-’ I‘AGES \ NUMBER l<> ABSOLUTE CONTROL OF TRANSPORTATION IS ONLY SOLUTION OF RAILROAD PROBLEM Former New Haven Head i Says Government Regula tion and Control of All Railways Needed CONTINUES STORY OF RAILWAY S FINANCIAL SYSTEM BEFORE I. C. C. ■ \ Transactions With Charles W. Morse Brought to Light—Reiterates Statements Regarding Cam paign Contribution by New Haven Officials H AVnMhlncrtoit, May 21.—An nbaolutc 9 monopoly of trnnMportation, under jfov 9 rrnment regulation and control, wax |l •uggfnted l»y t'lmrlcM S. Mellen, former 9 president of the New Haven railroad 9 to the Interstate commerce com nil**Ion ■ tod«ty an n solution of the American B problem. “To get efficiency and eeon 9 omy,“ declared Mr. Mellen, “there B must be a monopoly, and that monopoly B fa certain to be the Vnitcd States gov B trnment." B; A little later Mr. Mellen remarked, *‘ev ■ ery time a railroad official comes to ■ Washington he has to take off his hat to ■ some government official." B Mr. Mellen appeared to have recovered IB entirely from his fatigue of yesterday ■ when he appeared before the commission ■ today to resume his testimony. He re M sponded to interrogatories fired at him by ■ Chief Counsel Joseph \V. Folk, promptly, ■ never hesitating a second for a word. ■ He told at length the story of his steam ■ chip transactions with Charles W. Morse. R Received $20,000,000 Offer Rj Concerning these, Mr. Mellen explained ■ be felt it desirable to confer with Colonel » Roosevelt, the President of the United I States. He told the President he had received an offer of $20,000,000 from Morse for the New Haven steamship holdings and felt inclined to accept it, because, thus the New Haven would be able to turn the property into cash. Mr. Roose velt, he said, apparently was anxious that Morse should be checked in l ambi tion to acquire a monopoly of steam ship lines, and urged Mr. Mellen not to sell. Mr. Mellen said ut that time be was apprehensive of the enactment of a law by Congress to prevent railroads from owing or controlling water lines, but he was assured by Mr. Roosevelt that, so long as the law remained as it then was, the New Haven need have no fear about R' its water line holdings. Rj In the acquisition of New England IB trolley liftes, Mr. Mellen said he haa Rj proceeded on tlie theory that transpor R talion might better be handled on elec ^Btric lines than on steam roads. He had ■ been convinced that the diversion of much ffB traffic of steam roads to electric lines R would be economical, rates lower, and ^■service generally more satisfactory to ^■jthe public. Late In the day the witness’ attention R again was directed to campaign eontribu ^Btions made by tlie New Haven to the re R publican national committee of lUtm and hBihH. He reiterated statements he previ gRously had made. K Practically Fired ■PE When asked why he relinquished the ^Kpresideney or the New HaCen N1 r. Mellen ^Ksakt he “practically was tiled." S’ Mr. Melleu s examination probably will ■H b' concluded tomorrow. ■PjJ (questioned by -Is. Folk as to his present ^B business relations, Mr. Mellen said: ■) "1 have not a dollar's Interest today in ^Hthe New llaven. 1 disposed of all my ^■alock. 1 retain a little Interest yet In ■■the Boston and Maine, and in the Ontario ^■and Western.” K "Why did you personally favor the eon m*olldatlon of the trolleys with the New ■lltven?" Ml] ,'Because consolidation would result .in I^Bbetter service, lower rates and greuter ^■satisfaction to the public. T believe the ■■public Is better served by a monopoly of ■■transportation than In any other way. 1 ■■think, however, that the monopoly should ■■be controlled and regulated hy the gov ^■trnment." ■u "What do you think railroads generally gf^Rare doing about the matter? ^■^ "I know of nothing a railroad can do ■oow except take oft Its hat to some gov ■Eniment official.” »| “If Mr. Morgan had not died, how i (Continued unPave EUcUt) r 1 ~~ ' ' |&| bama Leads All States IVith 50 Per Cent In crease Over 1912 shlngton, May 21.—(Special.)—Ala L led all other etates In her percent »f Increase of tonnage In by-products ^ coke. The forecast was given out / by the geological survey on coke roducts produced In coke ovens. Tills ast shows that Alabama produced 197 short tons In 1912, apd this was ased to '2,022,959 tene In 101% an in ic of over Super cent, which was not in any other state in the onion. shlngton. May 21.—All records of pro on of coke in the United States were en in 1913, when the total output was ,399 short tons, valued at £28,981,490, -ding to the report of the geological sy. I<ast year's production was great y 2,327,000 short tons than that of which «£ the previous high record DAY IN CONGRESS SENATE. Met at 11 a. ui. Continued tolls exemption debate. Resumed consideration of agricul tural appropriation bill. Adjourned at 5:50 p. m. to 11 a. m. Friday. HOUSE. Met at 11 a. ni. Jacob S. Coxey addressed crowd on steps of capitol. Further urgent deficiency appropria tion bill aggregating $6,770,632, debated. Representative Kahn, California, re publican. made a speech portraying increased cost of military rations as evidence of higher cost of living. Adjourned at 6 p. m. until 11 a. m. Friday. PRESIDENT UN IS WEIL PLEASED WITI TRENDOF MEDIATION Is Determined, However, That Entire Mexican Problem Must Be Solved Washington, May 21.—That communi cations are passing between American del egates at Niagara Falls and Washington and that the machinery of the Mexican mediation conference is working smoothly was the full extent, of information on the progress of mediation given out today in Washington official circles. Secretary Bryan saw the President during the day, and a message of instruction late was sent to Justice Lamar and Mr. Lehmann. Nothing concerning its purport was dis closed here. Although no statement concerning the President’s views of the situation was authorized, it was indicated that he is well pleased with developments. Observ ers closely in touch with the situation here made it plain today that the Presi dent is determined that the entire Mex ican question must be solved and that no half-way measures or compromises will be acceptable. Mr. Bryan late in the day conferred with John Lind and an American repre sentative of the constitutionalists. Despite conflicting reports regarding the resignation of General Huerta, assur ance in official circles persisted that Huerta had placed himself unreservedly in the hands of his delegates at Niagara Falls, and that if necessary as a last re port, they could announce Jite retirement, tfhough on conditions. Rebels Active While the mediation negotiation* were oevi Icq ing toduy, the constitutionalist campaign was progressing vigorously. St nor Zubaran, General Carranza's Wash ington representative, received an offi cial message announcing the evacuation of Saltillo, it gave no details, but it was believed here the 12,000 evacuating federate were rc treating on San Luis Pcrtosi to join federate who 1 evacuated Tuxpan. The constitutionalist force that captured Tampico htu* withdrawn from Tampico, except for a small garrison, and is hurrying back to Monterey to partici pate in the general campaign against Huerta’s strongholds in central Mexico. The constitutionalist campaign on the Pacific coast seemed also making prog ress. I'art of General Obregon’s force was reported advancing against Guadala jara and officiate of the navy department reported heavy volley firing at Mazatlan and Guaymus. Two diplomatic features of the day were a report from the British consul at Tampico that foreigners might safely re turn to the oil fields, and a request from the Spanish ambassador to Mr. Bryan for the good offices of the United States in inducing the constitutionalist authorities to accept $15 a bale for tile delivery of cotton confiscated from Spanish growers at Torreon and elsewhere. The Panuco oil fields were reported reasonably safe for foreigners. The British consul re ported the constitutionalists had re opened the customs house at Tampico. To Aid Spaniards Mr. Bryan promised the Spanish am bassador to do what he could for the •Spanish cotton raisers, who complain 'that the ransom of $30 a bale demanded by General Carranza for the cm cotton is prohibitive. The state department has put its ma chinery into motion to discover the w here abouts of a person described as a mes I senger lor Admiral Fletcher, jvlio disap peared morethan a wreek ago from Vera Cruz. There was some mystery about this messenger. No one in Washington knows what was the message, If any, with which he was charged by Admiral Fletcher, nor is it clear that he is an American. One of the earlier press dis patches described the man as a Filipino mess attendant. Today word came to the state department that this messenger had proceeded to the federal headquarters and reported to General Mass, commander there at tl\p time. He had then proceeded inland for the City of Mexico and noth ing more is known of his movements. The Brazilian minister in Mexico City reported that a train of 250 refugees left Mexico City yesterday for Puerto Mex ico. Atlanta Merchant Shot Atlanta, May 21.—ThomaB A. English, a local merchant, vis shot and killed here tonight in hti store during .a dispute with Deputy Marshal J. M. George, who had gone there to levy on some of the mer chant's property. George, who surrend ered to the police, and was later released on bond, said that the shot was fired during a struggle over possession of a revolver. TODAY’S AGE-HERALD 1— Mellen continues New Haven testi mony. Rebels may Join peace conference. Urge Intervention into strike sone. Becker case goes to Jury today. 2— Birmingham man writes about Vera Crus. 3— Sentiment grows favoring delay In antitrust bills. 4— Editorial comment. 5— B. R. t. A P. Co. to help Childress fund. Mo'ton hotel formally opened. University head here yesterday. Frisco surgeons meet here Monday. 6— Society. 7— Sports. 8— Presbyterians meet in Kansas City, p—Flm programme for opening day of Chautauqua. 11—Markets. 15—Furniture dealers advertise city. REBEL FACTION TO 1 SEND A DELEGATE TO CONFER WIFI A. 8. C. MEDIATORS Understood Action Is to Get Information for Carranza. Question Previously Discussed A. B. C. MEDIATORS REFUSE TO COMMENT ON REPORTED ACTION Hold Long Conference Relative to New Development, But Fail to Express Views—T "'>ico In cident Will B& ■ I® Be Adju *3 £<* —.. ■> •** Mn>'lif.ngton, May wj^l’hr t*»u*tUu oP (lonallMtH arc i»rpp« ^ ® ,o wend a rep reaeutative to Mat * w ''alia to confoi* with thr South can inrdlatora, who are pndeavorf ® anlvp the Mexi can problem. T1 -II he done with the tllatlnet under**., illug that the re port la to give In format Ion aa to Gen eral Carranaa’a |Mirpo*e*. without coin mlttluK' the e<»uatltiitloniillata to nuy plan for the pnel float Ion of Mexico that the mediator* determine upon. Jose Vasconcelos. now at Montreal on a financial mission for General Carran za. is understood to be tlie man chosen to go to Niagara Falls. Men in close touch with the constitutionalists said to night that he would arrive there with in the next few days. The question of taking this step has been the subject of several informal con ferences between constitutionalist repre sentatives and the Washington adminis tration recently, and it is understood that General Carranza has given his consent. It was reported tonight on apparently reliable authority that another invitation may be sent to Carranza by the media-* tors to take formal part in the media tion proceedings. For the present at least, however, it is declared that the constitutionalist representative merely would give the mediators information without committing the leaders to any agreement. Government officials here have argued that the presence of a representative of the constitutionalists would greatly assist in bringing about a solution of the Mex ican question. Secretary Bryan. John Und and Charles A. Douglas, an attorney for the constitutionalist**, late today held a conference, and tonight Governor Dim! met. Senor Crquidi. the constitutionalist confidential agent here. Dater Senor Zu buran, a member of the Carranza cabl- j net. now in Washington; Senor Crquidi 1 and Mr. Douglas conferred. Report Comment Niagara Kails. Ontario. May 21.—After a long conference tonight, participated In by the South American mediators and the Mexican delegates, the mediators de clined to say what would be their at titude toward a report that constitution alists were en route here from Montreal. This question was the subject of a dis cussion which began shortly after, 1] p. m. and continued until 1:16 a. m‘. It Is not generally believed here tlial tli* constitutionalist representatives will be admitted at tlip negotiations at tills stage In the proceedings. Niagara Kalis. Ontario. May 21.—Imme diately after the receipt of press dis patches from Washington telling of the Intention of the constitutionalists to send a representative here, the three media tors went into informal conference to dis cuss the new development. The confer ence began shortly before midnight. Tlie Huerta delegates, who also had been unofficially Informed of the consti tutionalists' Intention to send a repre sentative here, taler Joined the mediators In conference. They were In session tong after midnight. «. C.o Into Conference Niagara Falls, Ontario, May 21.—Before attempting in any way to deal with the constitutionalist forces In Mexico, the three South American mediators let It be known tonight that they are content to proceed to a lil-panles agreement between the Knifed States and the Huerta govern ment. The mediators do not regard the absence of delegates representing General Carranza as a serious detriment to their efforts to settle questions which led to the landing at Vera Cruz of American forces. Notwithstanding tlie military successes of the constitutionalists, the mediators plan to bring about an agreement be tween the Knited States and the Huerta governments, expecting to obtain acqui escence by the constitutionalists at a later date and through separate negotiations. Involved In a two-party agreement would be a definite understanding of-the kind of provisional government to be es tablished In Mexico City as a successor to the present regime and a guarantee that agrarian and other Internal reforms would be put Into operation. Will Suggest Plan While keeping in mind the avowed principles of the qpnstltutlonalist move (Continued on Page Kino) FEW REBEL TROOPS LERjpreo Leave for Monterey Leaving Detachment to Guard the City Tampico, May 20.—(Via Brownsville, May ! 21, delayed hi transmission.)—The last con siderable detachment of constitutionalist troops left hers for Mofiterey this after noon and those left In Tampico are only sufficient to bold the city against at tack. For several days before the federal evacuation of this city and also after the arrival of General Zaimgosa at Panuco the entire Interest of the inhabitants was cen tered on the Cate oC the oil fields. Gen eral Zaragosa several times had reiterated his determination to destroy the town of Panuco and aty the oil properties through out the region, if he Woro'attacked by tbs constitutionalists. r < v H •; ‘ • - •*! V- . y- 1 -V NOW IN THE PUBLIC EYE IN MEXICO j _VICE CONSUL JOHN g. SILL I MAN OF SALTILLO The accompanying photographs of Vice Consul John it. Sllllman and the Amer ican consulate In Saltillo, Mex., were sent by hint to hts friend. Or. O. F. Wilhur of Asbury Park, N. J., to whom the New York Herald and tills paper Is Indebt ed for the protographs. Mr. Sllliman Mat a classmate of President VVootlrmv Wil son and Hr. Wilbur in Prltu emu university, from which they were graduated In the class of 'TO. Dispatches received from Mexico were to the effect that Mr. SIMI man had been released from prison In Saltillo where lie Mas held by the Mexican fed era Is. and was en route to Mexico City under a Heavy military guard. Presi dent Huerta has agreed to bring Mr Sllllman to the Mexican capital Rnd see that lie Is safely delivered to the Brazilian minister. M ho Is In charge of the affairs of tie- I nlted States government In Mexico Cltj. INTERVENTION INTO STRIKE ZONE URGED Judge Ben Lindsay Voices Sentiment of Colorado Delegation Urging President Wilson to Force Agreement Between Operators and Miners in State’s Coal Fields Washington, May 21.—Federal lnterven- Judge IJndsey announced that he tion to force sn agreement between mine [dunned to go to New York Inter this owners and miners In the t'olorado coal ar,, k cith Ids party of women anti make an effort to see John 1). Rockefeller, Jr., Ilekls was urged oil President Wilson to- anti urge him to submil tile differences day by Judge Ben B. l.imlser of lieu- between mine operators and strikers tu , , , , „ , , . arbitration, ver md a delegation of < .dorado women. President Wilson Is understood to have It was indicated later tiiat the President told the delegation that lie was deeply was willing to do everything within his concerned over the t'olorado situation, constitutional power to bring peace in h.‘"' Pr««ent ')la" “f removing fe.l .. . . ... , . oral troops, lie thought, however, the t oiorado, but that he believe,i the state staU, could SPtl,R lht, Ktrtko wlu,oul fl„,. should solve the difficulty If possible. tiler federal interference. h*7**' ...■ _- .-=a DR.MIREUAM© URRUTIA Dr. Aureliano Ufrutla, one time Minister of the Interior in the cabinet of General j Huerta, has fled to Vera Crux to seek safety among* Americans. Disguised ns a common Mexican laborer, the n;un who once vaa second only to General Huerta in puWH, donned the ineuu clothes of the poorest Mexican and sought safety in flight from the capital city, wIh-j lie was once almost a tsar. Dr. Urrutia was one of the strongest anti-American advisers of General Hiu rta. and while he had the portfolio of interior in the Huerta cabinet often declared him self In favor of war with the United States. He was commonly knoWn In Mexico City as “Black Death. ' I_ MILITANTS STORM: Hundreds Hurt in Most Fierce Suffragette Dem onstration Yet Staged in England Hr j — I.onrion, May 21.—An attempt by mil- . Itant niiffragettcN to preiient a peti tion to King 'Oeorge at Buckingham palace today failed, lint not until a battle had been fought Niirpaanlng |U flerceneMM any previous militant dem onstration. The crowd of onlookera dif fered almost aa much an the flghtera. an the people waited In the hot aim for two hour* for an attack which even tually came from an unexpected quar ter. * Police precautions had been directed toward repelling an assault from the direction of Westminster, where the suf fragettes had advertised they would form ) a parade. Instead a small body, known because of its militant record as ‘gun women " of the Women's Social and Po litical union, burst from a private, resi dence on Hyde park corner and forced their way through the archway at the top of Constitution Hill before the small ■quad of police on duty there could re sist them. Headed by Mrs. Pankhurst and Miss Sylvia Pankhurst, the flying squad of women sw'ept down Constitution Hill to ward Buckingham palace, hut when half way they met the most hated enemy of the*militants In the person of Inspector Riley, who has charge of the suffragette detail at the Scotland Yard police head quarters. Short But Sharp The (hock of combat was short but sharp, and resulted In the arrest of more than 30 women who used clubs freely. Mrs. Pankhurst was one of ' those ar rested. One group, ’ headed by Miss Sylvia Pankhurst, reached a point almost across the drive from the palace.' Mounted po lice surrounded them and placed Miss Sylvia and several comrades in custody. The crowd at this point was so dense that attempt, of the police to clear the drive were unsuccessful until recourse was had to water sprinkling carts, which ruined many fine gowns. of fashionable women spectators. Several members of the House of Com mons among the spectators denounced the police for not adhering to their promise to treat the women with gentle ness. The police retorted that the terrific onslaught of the militants had left them no other alternative. Casualties Not Numerous For two hours after the conclusion of the main battle the police were engaged In breaking up small groups of women who had spread over thp surrounding district. Casualties were not numerous, consisting of a few bre ken heads, but much harm was done to the uniforms of the police and to the dresses of the women. At no time were more than a couple of Jrundred women engaged In the battle, (Ceatlourd on Page Xtae) SEVEN OVERCOME BY SMOKE AND GAS Atlanta, May 21.—Seven persons, two women, two youths and three children, were overcome by smoke and gas fumes, and rescued by firemen here late today, in a lire that destroyed a two-story frame residence of Mrs. Ona Brantley. Kdward WllUams, JSmmett Brantley and Mrs. Brantley were overcome after they had almost carried outside to safety Mrs. J. L. Sullivan, sister of Mrs. Brantley, who was ill in bed and who became un conscious when the Are was discovered. Mrs. Sullivan's three children refused to leave her side. The cause of the fire was not known tonight, but the police are working on the theory that It resulted when a thief robbed the gas meter, severed the pipes and struck a match, exploding the gas. CITY WIPED OUT BY FOREST FIRE ___I Tacoma, Wash., May 21.—Specials from Lebam, Wash., say a loss of close to a 1 quarter of a million dollars was sustained j when a forest Are virtually w iped out the i business district and burned a number of residences of the town today. There was no water but that taken from wells with which to Aght the flames and al though many automobile loads of per sons went from Raymond, no real help could be given. UNCLE JOE CANNON WILL RUN AGAIN Danville, 111.. May 21.—Former Speaker Joseph G. Gannon, formally Announced his candidacy for Congress from the Nineteenth district here to day. Progressive leaders plan to ask Theodore Roosevelt to speak in the district In Opposition to Mr. Cannon. NEWSPAPER MEN CLOSE CONVENTION Jackson, Miss., May 21.—The Mississippi Press association concluded itH three-day session here today and adjourned to meet next year at West Point. !The following officers were elected: President. C. S. Glasco. Cleveland Enter prise; first vice president, James Faulk, Green County Herald; treasurer. A. Anderson, Ripley Sentinel; secretary. Al fred Bean. Amor.v Times-Progress; chap lain. L. G, Carlisle, West Point Leader; orator. .Frank D. Lunder. Hattiesburg News. * Delegates to the Nat.enal Editorial as sociation are Joseph E. Norwood, James Faulk, Mrs. R. T. Hobbs, Wayne May and R. T. (Jilin. FOREST FIRE IS DESTROYING TOWN Seattle. Wash.. May 21.—A special to the Post-Intelligencer from South Bend., Wash., says the town of Lebam. a place of lUdd population, near South Bend, is being destroyed by a forest lire. The last report received at South Bend was from the operator in the Northern Pa cific station, who said lie wae leaving because the depot was on fire. At that time the loss was estimated at *100,ddo. Advances Pellagra Theory Charlotte, N. C.. May 21.—The theory that pellagra is caused by persons eat ing food products In which deteriorated corn meal la used was advanced here tonight by E. J. Watson, commissioner of agriculture in Houtli Carolina, speaking at a pure food exhibit. Proper govern ment supervision of food products, be said, would lower the nation’s death rata id par cent. ROOT PLEADS FOR MS REPEAL IN FIVE-HOUR SPEECH Seeks to Prove Hay-Paunce fote Treaty Accorded Equality to Citizens of All Nations Washington, May 21.—Senator Hoot, republican, member of the foreign re lations committee, today held the Sen ate's attention throughout a rivo hours' speech In support of the administra tion hill to repeal the tolls exemption clause of the Panama canal law. As the New York senator sat down Senator Kern, democratic fluor lender, led the applause from the floor and specta tors in the gallery joined In. The burden of the speech was to prove that the Hay-I'uuncefote treaty provided (hat treatment accorded by the United States to Its own citizens in the use of the Panama canal must be the same as that accorded citizens of other nations. Senator Itoot declared the United States always had Insisted on this broad principle of equality and Insist ed that the understanding of Henry White. Joseph Choate, John Hay and Theodore Roosevelt. Americans who negotiated the treaty, was that the equality mentioned in the convention Was the broad equality which had marked American diplomacy. Says Equality Violated Taking up the specific question of exemption of American coastwise ves sels, the senator sHid the lavv of 1212, granting this exemption, violated the equality guaranteed by the treuty. This was true, he" argued, because no real coastwise trade of the United States could pass through this canul 1000 miles away, and consequently what the law did was to exempt a class of American over-sea trade without exempting the like over-sea trade of other countries. The senator declared he was voting for repeal now because In the Judg ment of suuators best able to Judge the Senate would not vote to arbitrate the dispute. "Right or wrong.” he said, "if wc decide this In our favor and refuse to arbitrate^, we are discredited and dis honored.' We have repudiated our own principles. Now let shy senator who votes against repeal take the respon sibility of leading his country into that position. If every constituent of mine was looking forward to lower freight rates. I would not sc lend my country. Had 1 In my soul all the na tional hatred taught In my youth. 1 would not do It.’ Should Not Wait Senator Root added that the United States should not wait for all the na tions of the world to protest against the exemption, because the United Stutys must he the keeper of Its own conscience and act on Us own Judg ment without waiting for protests. If he were right as to the Interpretation of the treaty, he declared, he would not favor exemption even if Great Hritaln gave Its consent, because the question (llsUawf «■ Page Nlarj “Plain, Simple Justice Is AH We Want,” Declares Attorney JURY WILL TAKE CASE EARLY TODAY Whitman Sums I p Prosecution in Forceful Argument—“Crime a Defiance of American Insti tutions,** He Declares New York. May 21 The jury which Will determine whether Chadcti Becker conceived the plot that resulted in the murder of Herman Rosenthal will have the cast* in Its hands before noon tomor row. The last testimony was taken this morning and this afternoon Martin T. Manton, Becker’s t hief counsel, delivered his address to the jury. Late tonight Dis trict Attorney Whitman completed the presentation of his arguments, favoring the conviction of the former chief of the "strong arm” squad of murder in the first degree. Justice Seabury will charge the jury to morrow morning. District Attorney Whitman early in hie address attacked the motive presented by the defense for the slaying of Rosenthal | that the gambler died in a war among i gamblers. ! ^t was not a gambler who died, but a state’s witness, said the prosecutor, and no testimony had been presented to In dicate anything else than that Rosen thal was killed because he was about to be such a witness. If Becker was not the murderer, declared Mr. Whitman, then he (the prosecutor * could not see what motive there could he behind the killing. More Than Murder The crime itself Mr. Whitman charac terized as more than murder "a defiance to our American institutions, a challenge to our very civilization Itself.'’ I Mr. Whitman described how he had "pounded and pounded and pounded” Rose and Webber and Yullon, knowing. * he said, that they knew the truth and were trying to protect Becker. The de fense, he asserted, had not presented one essential denial of their testimony, which he declared the state had corroborated. Defending the charge that he had en tered Into an agreement with the under world t«» "get Becker,” the prosecutor said he believed Hose and Webber and Vallon were Implicated iu.the murder, but in* had no evidence svr'lihfd them. . He alluded to the words of an ntt4iriioc'*iii ■ ■ u the ease that the three "had something to sell that Whitman wanted to buy." True in n Wav "That Is true." said Mr. Whitman, "They did have something to sell to the people. It was priceless, worth far more than anything l could give: worth far more than I could offer. I would have paid far more had it been necessary to get what they had and It was my duty to get It nt any cost.” The prosecutor pointed out that had the information of Rose, Webber and Vallon proved false they would then have been liable to prosecution, hence they had a compelling motive for telling the truth. The crowd that clamored for admission to the courtroom in the afternoon to hear the address of Attorney Marvin F. Man ton In Becker’s defense, was the largest, attendants said, that has appeared in re cent years. "I wish to say,” Mr. Manton said In his address, "that there will b»* no ani mated argument. The man really guilty Is not the man at the bar. "We don’t dispute that Becker worked himself up in the police department. We admit four men, now dead, killed Her man Rosenthal. But Becker didn’t have anything to do with It. "Who arc the men between Broker and the men who did the murder? Rose. Web ber and Vallon, confessed murderers, thieves mid degenerates. Why did they confess? Because they were remorseful? Not they. They sent to the district at torney and got promises that If they would connect Becker they would go free. Not Even a flood l.iar "Rose isn’t even a good liar Rose was inaccurate and uncertain, lie gave no dates. Why? Because the defendant was an officer of the law and could prove where he was at certain times.” Mr. Manton said eight lamest men had testified that Becker was not at the "Harlem conference," and asked the jury to believe It. He tlu'n went Into Road’s testimony, re ferring t«» the first talk he had with Beck er with regard to Investing money in Ro senthal s gambling house. Tie then point ed out discrepancies between Rose’s tes timony regarding the gambling house run by Rosenthal and the affidavit he caused to be published in a morning newspa per. Manton discussed at length the affidavit, made by Rose the day after the murder i('ontlaiir(l on I'hki' Muel OF STEELEMPLOYES Charged With Conspiracy in Connection With Panama Canal Deals Pittsburg, May 21.—A federal grand jury here today made a presentment recom mending the Indictment of five employes of the Carbon Steel company on u charge of conspiracy in connection with steel fur nished for locks in the Panama canal. It is alleged that the steel was of such ail inferior quality that the canal locks arc liable to let go at any time, caus ing heavy loss of property and prubably ljves. The men named are Samuel M, Wetmore, David J. Simpson. Dennis K. Sultans, Henry Luts and Janies K. Lacy. Two others, VV. R. Warren a.id Fred Schorls*, also employes of the company, were named in the presentment but the * grand Jury recommended that no indict ment lie found against them as they tes tified before juror*. The Jury requested that the court direct Initeil States Attorney K. l.owry Humes to lay before It a bill for indictment, more particular and at. length, setting . forth the alleged violations of law.