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PSYCHOLOGY PLAYS j
LEADING ROLE IN Recent Examples Show Good Effect of a Changed Mental Attitude LEADING MEN AGREE WITH THE PRESIDENT All Recognize That Permitted Increase in Freight Rates Would S£rve as Wonderful Stimulant 1 to Business j BY HOIXA\D I New York, June 5.—(Special.)—During the week now closing two incidents have occurred which reflect In some measure the peculiar form of psychology to which ' President Wilson made reference in his recent address tq a delegation represent ing Illinois manufacturers. The Boston and Maine railroad company was com pelled to devise unusual and somewhat heroic methods in order to save the credit of the road and possibly the road’s pass ing into the control of the courts. An issue of notes aggregating a large amount was, by the terms upon which the notes were sold, t obe paid on June 1. But on account of a situation due chiefly to the determination of the department of justice at Washington that this railroad company must be removed from the con trol of the New York, New Haven and Hartford company it was impossible to make arrangements for refunding these notes into such form of negotiable securi- j ty as would make it easy for the Boston j and Maine railroad to handle the obliga- ! tions. Therefore appeal was made to the j holders ol’ the notes to renew them for a year, and as the owners of all the out* standing notes did not respond to this appeal it was necessary to make addi tion appeal to men of finance of Boston. The crisis was passed partly because the majority of the note holders were willing to renew and partly because m«jn of capitai of Boston wer econvinced tljat at this time it is Imperative that the rcedit of this railroad company should l>e protected. The managers of the Boston and Maine found themselves face to face with a sit- j uatlon for which they were not responsi ble, but which did reflect the attitude of the public mind or, in other words, a psychological condition. Co-operation was necessary to overcome this unfavor able mental attitude and it was furnished .by a majority of'the note holders and by a group of Boston capitalists. The ques tion w'hich is still to be answered is this: Will this relief prove to be no more than temporary, lasting no longer than a year, which is the life of the new notes, or will | it be followed by a change in the attitude j of the pufdic mind and of that of capital toward this railroad company? A Similar Case I So also the Missouri Pacific Railroad [company has found itself for some weeks : in a situation somewhat similar to that | in which the Boston and Maine Railroad i ■■■■ I » li ini 1 -II ir—i U U ■■■ Th’ man that starts out with a candle to find U a leak in th* gas, U \\ gets quidk re- jj □ suits, but they □ [J aiii’t satisfac- U n “ryl r i VELVET, The Smoothest Smoking: Tobacco, is the slowly acquired result of more than 2 years’ curing: of Kentucky “Burley de Luxe.’’ Full weight 2 oz. tins, 10c. : P 11 lk ,nt ' ,r~ hour in Colorado will set you squarely on your feet. Colo rado has the punch—*in scenery and air and pleasures. It gets you away from your workaday self and makes your tomorrows the last things to be thought of. Spend your vacation there. I Frisco Lines I thru sleepers to Colorado R Frisco is the short-cut, cool route to Colorado, via Memphis and over HI the Ozark hills. Splendid electric lighted Pullman sleeping cars thru R from Jacksonville, Atlanta, Birmingham, and Memphis to Kansas 111 City and Denver, beginning May 14th; and from Hot Springs, Little Rock and Memphis to Kansas City and Colorado Springs, beginning II(l ^une *st- Modern electric lighted chair cars, and dining cars serving m\l Fred Harvey's nationally-known meals. ■ j; Find out how low the fares ire to Colorado and how little a vacation HR; there need cost. Write or call for a beautiful book about Colorado, Hi “d full information about fares. ■1 J. R. McGregor, District Passenger Agent, ■! 105 N. 20th Street, Birmingham, Ala. company was placed. It War compelled to find some means by which obligations of the company which were to become due on June l could be met. The situation was saved bv co-operation similar to that which had averted the crisis with which tlie Boston and Maine stood, for some weeks, face to face. Whether by the averting of this crisis the property is to be permanently benefited will depend nit action which will, it Is thought, be im perative within the course of the year. There was undoubtedly a state of mind unfavorable to the securities market oc casioned by the situation in which these two railroad properties were placed. There was lack of confidence, but that expression—which is but another term I for the one which was used by President Wilson is not an explanation or at least j not a complete explanation of the condi- j tlon. Something caused this lack of con-i i fidem e. In the case of these two railroad i companies, the causes were not far to I seek. A Little Help (iocs a Great Way j The lact tliat the credit of these two railroad corporations is protected and that they have been enabled to avert a crisis should, of itself, be of considerable service in restoring confidence, or. in other words, inducing a change of psycho logical conditions. They may be a small help to the general j situation, but it is as true of business as it is of many other affairs of life that every little helps. President Wilson has permitted statements to be made from Washington in which it is intimated that he looks up the present psychological sit uation as very largely due to the embar rassments of the railroad companies and the consequent depression of the steel In dustry of the United States. In this view he does not differ with many of the lead ing business men of the country. The Railway Business association, which represents manufacturing industries whose product finds Its chief market with the railroads of the United States, has both in a formal manner and Informally as serted that there would be fnatant re sponse in many lines of industry In the United States to a decision of the inter state commerce commission -permitting the so-called eastern railroads, which include the trunk lines In the Mississippi valley to the seacoast. to increase their charges for freight traffic by as much as 5 per cent. Even many of the shippers of the United States are now persuaded that their own business would be greatly Improved were the railroads permitted to charge the in crease asked. For although these ship pers will be compelled thereby to pay their proportionate share of this increase, yet the great majority of the shippers be lieve that the increase of business which would follow an increase of railroad traf fic rate would far more than make good the additional amount they will have to pay for freight. There seems to he a unanimous opinion in financial and business circles In this city that there would be demonstrated al most instantly after the interstate com merce commission -permitted the increase of rates a psychological condition which would tend to prove the truth of President Wilson’s statement. The mere hope or expectation of a great increase of busi ness would he a strong impulse toward that increase. This is a view which many of the pro foundest students of the policy of a pro tective tariff have sometimes expressed. For they have been t'ersuaded that the moral psychological effect of a pro tective tariff rate of itself tends to stim ulate business which is protected by tariff even more than the tariff rates themselves do. That assertion was made some years ago by an authority w’ho bad made a close study of the brass manufac turing industry of Connecticut, which is. in fact, the greatest industry of that kind in the United States. Some years ago the promise of an Increase in the tariff upon articles entering into the brass industry served instantly to stimulate that indvis try. It was the moral or psychologic af fect of this promise, rather than the actual effect of the protective rate estab lished, which was the greatest benefit to the industry. Another Point of View Two incidents have recently Illustrated the moral or the beneficial -psychologic point of view. One of these was discov ered in a recent judgment of the supreme court in Washington and the other in the action a day or two Rgn of the federal Senate in politely shelving a resolution which, if it had been adopted, would have compelled the Interstate commerce com mission to make an investigation into the affairs and methods of the New York rail road companies. The supreme court de cided that so-called "tap lines" are cont- ! mon cariders, thereby removing a factor j which, had it stood, might have persuaded j the interstate commerce commission not j to grant the increase of rates asked for by the railroad company. The interstate commerce commission has already by im plication intimated thn* Moves the proposition now entertained by the New York Central to consolidate or unify va rious systems Is not only practicable, but probably imperative If the general wel fare of this corporation Is to be consid ered. These two incidents have infused some spirit of confidence into a situation which a few weeks ago was characterized by almost complete lack of confidence in the future. -- v One on George Washington From Tvipplncott's. During a Friday afternoon lecture on history in a Baltimore educational in stitution the instructor had given a lengthy disquisition on the character of George Washlhgton, incidently touching upon his work as an organ izer of the revolution. "Now,” asked the instructor, "if George Washington were alive today, what prectical part would he play In present day politics. Judging from the past?" A prolonged silence on the part of the pupils followed this. Finally, how ever. one lad saw a way out of. "Sir," he querried, "wouldn’t he be too old?" Il “A Hint to Beauty” [ A Sweet, Dainty Toilet Necessity That’s just what Isis Per oxide Cream is—a neces ! sity—to the wbrn^in who always wants to look her ! best.' Isis makes a pei-fect complexion. All Good Drug JCIC Store* Sell Its! il! .. '■ SENDS MESSASETD' EDITORS OF STATE H. H. Smith Outlines His Suggestion for Handling Foreign Advertising To the Editor of The Age-Herald: As my paper, The Courier, doesn t reach every editor in the state. 1 would like to use a little space in your paper to shy a few words to the editors of especially the country weeklies. In the first place I would like to thank Mr. E. W. Barrett of The Age-Herald for the fine time we had at the press associa tion meeting last Friday. I'sually In a case like this it is customary to turn over the keys of the city to a bunch like ours, but in this case Mr. Barrett managed In . some way to get hold of the keys and j lose them about the time we reached | town. You remember Davy Crocket said when he was in Washington as congressman he visited another congressman, and was ushered into a room where the sideboard was filled with bottles of the choicest drinks, and his friend handed him a glass and corkscrew and turned his back on him. Crockett said that inan was his idea of a gentleman. While Mr. Barrett was not willing to hand over the wet part of Birmingham and turn his back on that bunch, he did everything else that a man could do to make that banquet an even ing of pleasure, and it will be many a long day before the boys will quit sing ing the praises of E. W. Barrett and the grand old Age-Herald. They will also re member for sometime the scares Hugh Roberts gave them while he was acting as toastmaster. What I started out to say has to d«> with some “unfinished business" of the Alabama Press association. I with Brother Judson and Barnett were appointed on a committee to formulate plans for a. co operative advertising agency. renter there were other methods suggested which 1 un derstand were fruitless. My pet scheme bus been to get as many papers as pos sible to go into tiie scheme, we will say we have 100 of them with an average cir culation of 1000 each, the secretary of the agency will go to the foreign advertiser and say to him that we have a combined circulation of 100.000. and will run his ad In all these papers for $10 per Inch per issue, or if he would like it in only 60, 000, or 25,000, or 10,000, we would make it the same rate In proportion We could di vide tiie state into groups and give him any of the groups. The newspapers to receive their share Recording to their cir culation. say based on 10 cents per 1000 circulation. BX* this method we could eliminate the fake advertising agency and place our huesiness upon a business basis. We could charge, say, 6 per cent or 10 per cent for expenses for conducting the bu reau. This would, I know, he a better plan than for us to patronise every Tom. Dick and Harry who has a few' dollars to start an advertising agency, and we agree to give him from 16 per cent to 2fi per cent. and in most instances give him the whole amount. T wish as many editors as could would write me, and I will make arrangements to meet the rest of the com mittee. and we will see if w-e can’t work out a plan along the lines T suggest. Yours truly. H. H. SMITH. Collinsville. June 4. 1614. CORNER STONE LAID FOR TRINITY COLLEGE Exercises Held in Athens Thursday Afternoon—Annual Dinner to Veterans Athens. Jun 5.-—(Special.)—The corner stone for Trinity college, now building, to take the place of the handsome build ing recently burned, was laid Thursday with appropriate ceremonies. It will be erected in the same place as the old one. Col. M. K. Clements and Mayor Hine hot hmade speeches on the occasion. Trin ity is a colored college, taught !v white ladies from the north and east, aud is a fine school. It was established in 1866 by Miss Welles of Boston, under the super vision of the Congregational society of New York, and has been run continuously since, and always by white teachers. A few years afco they lost their original building by fire. It was located just op posite the passenger station, and they sold there and bought in the old fort in West Athens, where Ihe society erected two handsome buildings, one which was recently lost by fire, and the new corner stone was laid today at the close of the annual session of the college. The old Confederate soldiers had their annual dinner hour today and 60 of the old veterans, ranging in age from R9 to were on hand and enjoyed a magnificent spread at the county fair grounds, where good music and other entertaining feat ures were enjoyed. A camp of Confederate Sons has been organized with Col. M. K. Clements com mander. The camp was named flaines C. Smith camp in honor of an old warrior, who recently died in this county, who was the hero of three wars, having fought for the union in two and for the Confederacy in the third. The annual election of officers for the Masonic order resulted In the selection of the following: Prof. J. M. Atkinson. W. M.; T. C. McCormack, S>. W.; Alvls Car ter Jr., W.; H. J. Flinch, secretary; J. C. Gordon, treasurer; W. H. Hightower, senior deacon; J. E. Gray, junior deacon; Jerome Patterson, tyler. Last afternoon at his home four miles south of Athens. Lewis King, a promi nent farmer drove hurriedly from his field to the barn to get out of a storm. Just as he entered the barn the building was struck by lightning and both horses, fine animals, were killed, and he Is fatal ly Injured. It Is believed. The Chamber of commerce of this place, together with many of our leading citi zens, are making strong efforts to get the Louisville and Nashville and the Lewisburg and Northern to make Athens a junction point. It Is believed that the school facilities, the low coat of living here and the healthfulness of the place ought to Induce the two roads to make the Junction here. It Is said that there is an effort on the part of some of the officials to locate here, but others are (Ightlng for Decatur. ITEMS OF INTEREST AROUND EUFAULA Eufaula, June 5.—(Special.)—The city council has extended a loan of $10(1, hear ing interest at 8 per cent, to the federated clubs of the city to assist them In over hauling the Carnegie library building, especially the second floor, which Is used for auditorium purposes. Residents In the eastern portion of the city are still registering complaints against the noise made by the exhaust at the Eufaula compress. The matter has been placed before the city council upon several occasions and upon the promise of the compress company to rem edy this, no action has been taken. The movlnlf picture, "The Naming of Eufaula." taken here recently and thrown, on the screen last night for the first time, was a splendid success frum every point of visw. The weather man has ai ready made his plans for the season and you can’t change them. But you can avoid discomfort from the heat by wearing cool Porter clothes. Featherweight blue d»OA |n serges .. Domestic and imported U* O TO homespuns . . . 10 *pOc Palm Beaches or imported d?A TO (P1Q Cir linens. .. 3>lO.Dv Panama cloth, tropical worsteds, cheviots and other cool fabrics, in the correct models for this season $15 to $35 “Everything Men and Boys Wear” 1922-1924 First Ave. “In the Heart of Birmingham" = ] Roanoke Entertains Con federate Soldiers This Week Roanoke, June 6.-—(Special.')—The annual reunion of Camp Alken-Stnlth, V. C. V., the largest organization of the kind in the state, was held Wednesday morn ing. There were present 132 members. The •percentage of dea ths during the 12 months past was smaller than the previous year being estimated at not more than 3 per cent. The old officers were re-elected. At noon a sumptuous dinner was served the veterans at the springs by the citizens of the town. After the spread public ex ercises were held in the school audi torium. The address was delivered by the Rev. G. O. L<ankford and was greatly en joyed. Following the rendition of the excellent programme prepared a parade was formed to the two cemeteries, and the graves of fallen soldiers decorated with flowers. Many courtesies were shown the veterans. The town, automobiles, buggies and even drays were appropriately decorated in honor of the day. Free rides and free picture shows were given tin* old heroes. In the forenoon the camp was addressed by Senator-elect John R. McCain of Ldne vllle. Next week a Chautauqua, will be held In Roanoke, the first ever undertaken by this place. The Rev. and Mrs. K. M. Glenn are at tending the commencements at the State university and Birmingham college, hav ing a son to graduate at each place. Always Proper “Now, girlie, shall I cut your name and my name in the bark of this tree?** “I suppose there will be nothing to criticise in that.” said the dear girl, provided you also cut the name of my chaperon.'' THE POTTER-GURNEY WEDDING IN TUPELO Beautiful Home Marriage Occurs Wednesday Evening at Home of the Bride's Mother Tupelo, Miss.. June 5 (Special.)—Mins Laura Pearl Gurney and Mr. Glkrence J. Potter of Ferris, Tex., were united In i marriage at the home of the bride’s mother, Mrs. Charles Gurney, Wednesday eventhg. at 8:30 o’clock, with the ltev. J. <\ Park officiating. The living room where the young couple were married was artistically decorated with ferns anil pink and white cut flow ers. Preceding the ceremony Mrs. Rdwin Topp sang “If 1 Built a World for You,” which was followed by Mendelssohn’s march, played In Miss Ruth Du bard of Grenada, Miss. The bride whs lovely in an exquisite gown of white crepe meteor trimmed with tulle and pearls, and her filmy veil of tulle was adjusted cap fashion. She car ried a bridal bouquet of bride s roses and lilies of the valley. The maid of honor, Miss t'lnra WlIbHnk* of New Albany, Miss., wore a handsome sown of pink taffeta with flounces of lace and carried a shower bouquet of pink ros. s. The groom was attended by the bride's brother. Dr. J. O. Gurney, of this city. The bride's traveling: suit was a blue moire foille with accessories to harmon ize. Many beautiful presents * ere re ceived. 'Sir. and Mrs. Potter left imme diately for their home in Ferris, Tex. ‘JZlcAce/rd Look for theia words stamped on inside of garment IN T\VO PIECE SUITS A SATISFYING COMBINATION OF COMFORT—STYLE and DURABILITY Obviates Laundry Expenditure, A Dressy Economic Raiment ASK FOR CARMENTS MADE BY HAMBURGER BROS. & CO. Factory t Baltimore. Md. No* York Salaaroom i MO Broadway i>n'cj(lUmjM PIONEER BUILDERS OF FEATHER WEIGHT CLOTHING Insure your interest by looking for the ,yj-> fy Priegtley stamP and Hamburger label. L«,k F<* Ti,,. Silk i..w oa Collar LOUIS SAKS CLOTHING CO. Agents That Tell Why You Can’t Trust the Big Baking Powder Trust The big $20,000,000 Baking Powder Trust has done everything in its power to throttle competition and to promote the passing of laws which would prohibit the sale of all baking powders except their own. Ex-Governor Jos. W.Folk of Missouri secured the indictment of one of the largest stockholders of the Baking Powder Trust, and Daniel J. Kelley, the Trust’s legislative agent, for bribery and attempted bribery of the Members of the Legislature of Missouri. One died a fugitive from justice, the other left the country to escape indictment, while some Members of the Legisla ture were convicted ana sent to prison. The Trust has paid publishers to print as reading matter deceitful articles. It has prohibited editors from publishing statements or advertisements that would injure its interests—reveal the truth—about trust methods and Trust made products. It advertises its product as pure—pure in the can. And commits an unpardonable crime by concealing the fact that Cream of Tartar Baking Powder leaves a dangerous drug in the Bakings—a residue of Rochelle Salts. After scientific experts of the Department of Agriculture decide certain baking powders are not harmful, the Trust still insists that they are harmful and make false and misleading statements simply to scare the public into paying exorbitant prices for the Trust made baking powder. It says that Calumet is not pure. Exhaustive chemical tests conducted by competent chemists proves Calumet pure both in the can and in the baking It aays Calumet is not sure. Actual oven tests disprove each claims and convince consumers that Calumet is far more reliable than Trust Brands. Calumet is used by millions of housewives on account of Its wonderful raising quality — its never failing results—its certainty of producing the most delicious food. We urge you to try Calumet. To judge its merits by results. At our risk. Order a can—Now—from your local dealer. He will refund your noney if you are not satisfied. Highest awards World’s Pure Food Exposition, Chicago. Grand Prize and C?$kl Medal, Paris Exposition, France, 1018, '