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IS. W. BARRETT.Editor Emerad at me Hi r ml UK Hem, Ala.. postoHlca ui second class matter under •ct ot Congress March 3, 1878. Dally sml Sunday Age Herald.—88.00 Dally and Sunday por month.70 Dally and Sunday, three months .. 3.00 Weekly Aee-Herald. per annum.. .60 liunday Ago-Herald . 2'uu A. J. Eaton, J r„ and O. E. Young are the only authorised traveling repra •entatlvee ot The Age-Herald in Its circulation department. No communication twill he puollshed .Without ids author's name. Rejected manuscript will not he returned unless • tamps are enclosed tor that purpose. Remittances can he made at current rate ot exchange. The Age-Herald "111 got be responsible tor money sent through the malls. Address. THE AGE-HERAIA1. Blrmlngnam. Ala. Washington bureau. 207 Htbbs bulld European bureau. 6 Henrietta street Covent Garden. Dunoon. Eastern business offloe, Ro°™* 4® l° «0. Inclusive. Tribune building, Ne* York CKy; Western ouslnexs Tribune bulldlns. Chicago. la* 6 6 Beckwith Special Agency, agents for eign advertising. TKDEPRONE Bell (private rschanitr connectlnc ell (departments). Main 8900. u light heart llvea long. —Love's I,nhor Dost. BEGINNING THE DAY-O, Go.l. | give me n pasalon tor the right! 1 would love It with nil my henrt. Thou knovrest how doll It nppears at ! times to my foolish eyes, nnd with what alow seal I follow It. Give me n great thirst for the things of the Spirit. I would purane them with hnrrylng feet nnd with tenrs of de sire. Amen.—II. M. E. I He Called Her Sweetheart! “Marse” Henry Watterson, who has Kunto this date escaped, is in danger. “General” Rosalie Jones challenged him to debate the all important ques tion of suffrage. He declined. And in ^declining he wrote a note. His danger does not lie in the fact that he advised the gentle dame to stick her pantalettes in her boots. His danger does not lie in the fact that he referred to her nimble legs as naugh ty legs. But he called her sweetheart. We who have no imagination can appreciate the indignation under which the strenuous Rosalie strug gles. We who know the aforesaid Rosalie know that she will retort. Therein is the danger which threat ens the gallant editor. “Nay, nay, Rosalie,” Colonel Watterson wrote, “stick your pantalettes in your boots, little girl, and instead of facing that dread mob in front of the court house door, let's hunt buttercups. Tour brain, Rosalie, if I may say u without offense, still runs to your legs—naughty legs—and brains were made to think with and legs were made to walk with, and walking and not debating has been and may it ever be your long suit, sweetheart.” The Aerial Catastrophe Within the last few weeks the world lias been shocked by news of disas trous collisions which have occurred between sea going vessels, but for spectacular tragedy the Austrian aerial catastrophe of Saturdny in ■which nine persons perished was the most startling witnessed in the annals ef aviation. The stage had been set for mimic (warfare. Troops were being mar shaled on the grounds over which the huge dirigible sailed, and observa tions were being made as to their movements, A biplane arose from the BV’Iation grounds nearby and flew swiftly toward the rival vessel, which had then reached an estimated altitude of 1300 feet. Both crafts were manned by Austrian military officers and men, who had been instructed to con duct themselves as though engaged Jn actual warfare. As the crowds which had as sembled on this fateful occasion watched with bated breath, the Aeroplane attempted to reach a position directly over Its enemy; and when the vessels came Into accidental contact the terrific mid-air explosion snd horrible holocaust which followed ^yere such as to at once impress those ptesent and the world at large with •‘the horrors that will likely attend ••rial warfare" of the future. Yesterday’s Crop Report The government Issued a bulletin yesterday slating that crop conditions throughout the United States had greatly improved, The official report on June 1 showed that on that date conditions were about 2.2 per cent above the ten-year average, On June 1 of last year all crops ihowed an average of 1.2 per cent below the ten-year average, and pros pects declined as the season advanced, (Yet, notwithstanding that fact, there avas a great harvest and the money Value of several of the crops reached hew high records. From present pros pects, the total money value of the 1914 crops will be a distinct record breaker, In the south, crop conditions are highly satisfactory in most of the and as for Alabama! this will be the greatest crop year in its his j tory. Not only will there be a bumpei : cotton crop, but corn is in splendic condition and will probably yielc 10.000. 000 bushels more than Iasi year’s crop. A few years ago Ala bama produced only about 35,000,000 bushels of corn. This year it is esti mated that the crop will yield between 70.000. 000 and 80,000,000 bushels. The hay crop in Alabama is im mense, and there is a fine oat crop. Many farmers have produced from 80 to 100 bushels of oats to the acre. The money value of Alabama’s crops in 1913 was $200,000,000. This year it will not be surprising if the total money value is $250,000,000. The unusually good crop conditions in the country as a whole easily account for the improvement in business. Record breaking crops and depression cannot go together. There is no such thing as overproduction in cereals or cotton. Every bushel of wheat, every bushel of corn and every bale of cotton will be needed to supply the demand. As a Home City Visitors who take a little time for sightseeing are impressed with Bir mingham’s beautiful avenues and beautiful homes. As a commercial and manufacturing center this city has long had wide reputation. There has been a steady expansion of this district’s industrial operations, and it requires no prophet to picture the in creasing magnitude of finished prod uct mills here. But Birmingham’s exceptional at tractions as a home city have not been sufficiently stressed. Visitors after driving through the residence sections and along mountain ridges grow en thusiastic, as well they may. Those who had thought of Birmingham only from a business point of view are wonder struck with the enchanting andscape effects. And a fact that is even less under stood by visitors is our pleasant sum ner temperature. Frequently during :he summer season the mercury in the thermometer rises to the nineties, but ;ven then cool breezes make summer lays pleasant and summer nights ileasanter still. Birmingham’ has alti tudes that remind one of North Caro ina scenery and pleasure resort con iitions. Some of the rare attractions >f Birmingham as a home city have seen presented in pictorial form by he Chamber of Commerce and the -ailroads, but they are worthy of nuch grater publicity than they have jet received. Now that Birmingham has splendid lotel accommodations there will be a rush of tourist business here during the fall, winter and early spring. But wliat is needed just now is a larger exploitation of Birmingham as an ideal summer home city. A Preacher Who Was Too Popular The engaging young minister who is t great favorite with the feminine iart of his congregation is frequently :o be met with in the various pulpits >f the country and he deserves great ■Tcdit for being able, in a majority if cases, to withstand the blandish ments of silly women until he is either safely married, or reaches the age when common sense aids him to steer clear of the “whirlpools and rapids” of his career. The Rev. W. T. Elsey, a “hand some young bachelor,” and pastor of a fashionable church in Grafton, W. Va., is doubtless now bemoaning the fact that ho was blessed or cursed according to one’s point of view— with the power to fascinate the female of the species. As a result of the young preacher’s extreme popularity among Grafton's “eligible young women,” he had the humiliating ex perience of being pelted with egge considerably past the age of maturity, the foul deed having been perpetrated by several of the city’s swains whe felt aggrieved at being “cut oxit” b> the parson. When a “spiritual adviser" make; lovo, the length of his ears, the stooj In his shoulders, the cast In his eye and practically no other physical de fect seems to militate against him He is almost a sure winner. Most young preuchers who desire to marrj seem to realize this fact and are verj conservative In their attentions tc marriageable women, in order thai those members of their congregation! who ure disappointed may bo “le1 down” as lightly rs possible. The Wesl Virginia parson seems to have forgot ten or ignored this precaution. The discomfited cavaliers of Grafton de cided that the “hero worship” hat gone far enough. The kind of eggi they chose for drenching the preachei showed how bad they felt. Happy the man, whatever his call ing, w! o eseapes being made t “lion,” He Is not going to lose wha few friends he has and his head li apt to retain its normal size. Hamel, tliu uviator who was lost no long ago, was greatly admired by the fal sex and had no difficulty In persuadlm young women to fly with him. Detective Ilurne was dropped from til International Association of Chiefs of I’o lice with wliat was equivalent to a "du! and sickening thud," The longest day of tho year la now be l^nd ps. The ,inwill begin to grot silftrteg until just b«V*e Christmas. Some weird fashions have made theii appearance In London. The cigarette habit among English women Is held re sponsible for some bizarre smoking suits. One style resembles a pierrot suit of black charm euse covered with a startling de sign of emerald green leaves, with flashes of yellow and white. The trousers are loose and baggy, the collar Is cut rather low and Is made of black satin with a green ruffle. Another suit looks like a Chinese vase, having a background of blue covered with a hawthorn design. Some futurist handkerchiefs have a wide border of some striking color with a flower of unusual shade in the center. On other handkerchiefs are embroidered chickens, beetles, peacocks, storks, ele phants and similar designs in natural col ors. Handkerchiefs decorated with a car rot, a head of asparagus, a strawberry or some other product of the garden are finding favor with vegetarians who ere thus enabled to flaunt their idiosyncrasy In tho face of every passer-by. According to custom, King George cele brated bis birthday by creating many barons and baronets. But the House of Lords having been shorn of most "tit"its political prerogatives, the creation of peers Is of little moment. According to the department of agricul ture, astrology Is a superstition. Further more, It hafl no bearing whatever on the kind of stars a man sees when his head comes Into violent contact with an Im movable object. An applicant for a teacher's license in Georgia said that nobody but God and Bill Bryan knows Mexico’s form of gov ernment. Somewhat Irreverent, but close to the truth. Thieves stole handcuffs and revolvers from the exhibit of the convention of po lice chiefs at Grand Rapids, a "demon stration" that was not on the programme. The country Is now face to face with a $4,000,000 thermos combine, which leaves the ultimate consumer In doubt as to whether he should get cold or hot. According to tho stories told of Lori mer, ho climbed to the top by hard work. He tobogganed to the bottom. Condolences to Premier Asquith. He held out as long as he could. When a woman wills, she will. Progressives should not find fault with tho conversational powers of Mr. Perkins’ money. CHAIRMAN GRAVES* SPEECH From the Mobile Register. A new voice was heard in Alabama last week; and nothing can be said against it. It was the voice that spoke of progress, of construction, of the abandonment of a dead and hampering past, and of the adoption of what is not only modern but necessary. "Begins with the courts," said Chairman Bibb Graves In his address to the new state executive committee, "for there are too many’’ courts, too many Judges, too many solicitors." Do not lessen the work done but simplify It and make it less slow and less costly. Get rid of the immigra tion commission and the cotton statis tician—what good do they do? Put public utilities under tho control of the state ntilroad commission; but, said General Graves, "not by adding to the number of that body.” In a word: Let there be ef ficiency! WILL HISTORY REPEAT? From the Mobile Item. Tho prohibition wire-pullers and the same influences which controlled the Co mer legislature of 1907 are not satisfied with the voice of the people expressed at tho polls. It matters nothing to them that in tho primary election of a little over one month ago their candidate was beaten by 14,350 votes. They want the direct Instruction of the people to be dis regarded by tho legislature. Their plan is to again precipitate upon the state such a contest as that which occupied the greater part of the regular and spe cial sessions of the Comer legislature. Thoir thought Is not for the immediate necessities of the state. They are de termined to force their will upon the ma jority of the people at all hazards, by the same methods that were employed in 1907. HOUSE SHOULD ADJOURN From the Montgomery Times. House Leader Underwood Is Insisting on early adjournment, and Is discussing the matter with the President daily. The democrats ought to adjourn the Congress and give the business people nn oppor tunity of taking a breath before election, or the result may not be favorable to the party this fall. LUKE M’LUKK SAYS From the Cincinnati Enquirer. A fool man usually waits until tho other fellow gets through before he starts to talk. But when two women got to gabbing both talk ut tho same time, and each tries to keep a few sentences ahead of tho other. Things have Just about como to a stage in this country where if son la asked to do an errand or daughter is asked to wash the dJshes they can have their parents arrested for cruel and inhuman treatment. Why is It that n girl can look sc dainty when she is dressed in white anc a man always looks like he was ped dling something when he tried to wcai it? A good husband isn’t always the mar who is afraid of Ills wife. He Isn’t the man who can afford to glvo his wlft all her heart desires that money wll buy, IIo isn’t the man who makes t big fuss over his wife in public. A gooc husband Is a man who feels lllto a doj. after lie has quarreled with his wlft and who feels like a low-downi smikt every time he lies to her and she be ltevcs him, A man will marry a girl for lie; sunny disposition and then got mar because she makes It hot for him. The styles used to turn the women’i , heads. But nowaduya they turn tin men’s heads. The Buffs have cut the "obey” out o; the marriage contract. It won't bt long until the brides will enter tin * bonds of Hywomen Instead of Hymen • You can’t get anything In this w'orlc „ without suffering for It. To be populai 1 you have to laugh at the JokeB othei people tell, One reason why platonic love Is ul 3 ways a bloomer la because when a mai „ and a woman get together the womar says tilings she doesn’t mean and tin 1 man means things he doesn’t say. The only time a girl ever gets tlror when she goes to a ball Is when no . body asks her to dance and she hai to sit down. It Is hard to get the first kiss, bu the rest come without asking. ! IN HOTEL LOBBIES The Hotel W an Weeded “The Tutwller Is one of the handsomest hotels I have ever seen, and It will prove to be a fine advertisement for Birming ham.” said Roy C. Megargel of New York, president of the Gulf, Florida and Ala bama railway, which is operating about 160 miles from Pensacola northward, and is extending 00 miles further to tap the Southern railway. “I had not been in Birmingham for six i years, and, of course. I am struck with the great progress that has been made in that time. This city had been needing for sometime a modern, fireproof hotel. The Tutwller certainly fills the bill.” Virginia nn<l Prohibition “The situation in Virginia as regards the liquor traffic is much like that of Alabama,” said B. B. Burton, who re cently visited Richmond, where he was born, and Norfolk where he was engaged in business for several years. “Virginia is mostly dry. Liquor is sold legally In Richmond, Norfolk and a few other cities, but in nearly all the coun ties, the sale Is prohibited under the state local option law. The anti-saloon league not satisfied with local option, is now making a fight for state-wide prohibition. The election will occur in September, and the campaign is now quite exciting. The business men of Richmond and Norfolk are working hard to keep the state in the local option column, and I believe that when the vote is counted the anti saloon league will ho defeated. “The people of Virginia are conserva tive, and many of thoso who vote dry in the rural precincts are opposed to state wide prohibition. They are asking, 'If state-wide prohibition was a good thing ■why did Alabama, which had tried It. return to local option?’ ” A Visit After Six Years “I am enjoying my visit here very much,” said George Jackson, who for sev eral years was prominent In business and musical clroles here, but who has been for sometime past a professor of German. 'T have been living recently in North Da kota, but when I leave Birmingham I ex pect to go to Chicago, and will live there during the coming scholastic year. “Birmingham has grown so much and has Improved so much in every way that I scarcely recognized it when I came on this visit. I find that everybody is talking about the Tutwller, and the people are certainly justified in their enthusiasm. It is one of the most superb hotels in thle country. “I am glad to hear that Birmingham is making progress musically. When I lived here I belonged to Mr. Guckenberger's fes tival chorus, and greatly enjoyed the large musical entertainments given under Ills auspices. There was a good deal of appreciation of high class music here 35 years ago, but I am told that concert aud iences are much more discriminating now than then. That, of course, was to lie ex pected, for Birmingham has had phenom enal growth in population, to Bay nothing of Increased opportunities for hearing fine music.” Great Corn Crop “In an automobile trip to Springville and other points of interest In this part of the state Sunday I was delighted to see the crops looking so fine,” said John H. McQueen. “Never in my life have I seen such a great corn crop. It Is not only well grown and In strong condition, but It is entirely freed from weeds. I am told that the crops throughout the state are <n excel lent condition. It certainly makes one en thusiastic to rJde through the country and see signs of prosperity on every liana.” Doctor Riley’s Rook “The Rev. Dr. Riley’s new book, 'Makers and Romance of Alabama His tory,’ Is receiving most flattering notices in the state press," said a professional man. “Dr. Riley is the author of a number of popular historic works, and he recently published one of his best. It is made up of revised sketches which appeared origi nally in The Age-Herald. The Montgom ! ery Advertiser In an extended editorial article concludes as follows: " This hook is a notable work, prepared by a thoroughly competent historian who Is more than a mere chronicler of facts. It Is good for long sittings, or short sit tings, for each tale is short yet fairly complete within itself. It is not like a "straight history” of one thing, which re quires to bo read through or not at all. It may be read in whole or In part, but the chances are it will be generally read In whole.’ ” Marked llunlnena Improvement “There has been marked Improvement In general trade since Juno 1, and It has been particularly marked within the past week or 30 days,” said W. W. Driscoll of Chioago. "There is more activity in the business world now than at any other time this year, and the feeling in commercial cir cles is that prosperity will be the rule in most sections of the country during the summer and fall. I believe that if Con gress would adjourn we would have even’ more prosperity, but as it is conditions ure very cheering.” Will Seenre Many Conventions "Birmingham will have quite a number of conventions of good size this year and a greater number next year," said a member of the Chamber of Commerce. “Most cities have to fight hard for con ventions, and Birmingham will have to do some active work along this line, but when a national organization that has held several annual meetings In the south is ready to come south again, It will, with little persuasion, decide In favor of Bir mingham, for the sake of novelty, If for no other reason." ELIOT UNVEILED From the Philadelphia Record. Now we have the real Charles W. Eliot without his mortarboard cap and with his doctor’s gown stripped from him. We see him—scholastically speak ing—in his nakedness. We see him in , his so-called library. The shades are raised and the gas Is lighted, and we can see the president emeritus of Har vard playing poker or solitaire, or pur suing some other unllterary occupa tion. Ho Is not reading, because there are no books In his library. The other day the Boston Transcript threw a few bouquets to him on the subject of his command of the English language, and especially his gift for In scriptions, wherein another former president of a university has Improved , on him. Promptly It received a letter asking: “Were you ever In Eliot's house? If so, you know there are no books there, and never have been. President Eliot may have read hooks when lie was young, but that was long ago.’’ Ko this is the “first citizen of Mas , sachusetts,” as he was recently voted, Is It? This man whose house contains , no books and never did is the man who told the world a few years ago not only that a five-foot shelf of books was enough, but what books should fill that shelf. Only a few days ago he was telling the world what poems to teach to the children, and none of them were by James Whitcomb Riley or Eu gene Field, wherefore Indianapolis and Chicago will have no more of him. The idea of this man talking to us about books! His house doesn’t con tain them and never did. There are no “best sellers’’ in his meagre cata log. The few books he knows are those that were published a century or two ago at the latest, and some of them are as old as the mummies. The books descriptive of the capture of the female by the male, or the pursuit of the male by the female of the species, are entirely unknown to him. The books ho read when he was young, , which was a long time ago, were not of that sort. The books men and women are turning out at an incon ceivable rate, which are designed to come Just inside the ehtlcal measure ments of the postal service, he Is dis gracefully Ignorant of. These socio logical novels, in which the daughter of Old Moneybags and the professional philanthropist she is gradually falling In love with plan to rebuild the old man’s fftetory and place all his em ployees on a sort of henryford pay roll, ho is densely ignorant of because they weren’t written when he was young, which was notoriously a long time ago. And down in Massachusetts they put this sort of an illiterate at the head of a university and keep him there, and burn incense to him as the chiefest of the highbrows! Well, the Yankees can impose on us no longer. We've looked into his house. There are no books there, and there never were any. THE DOLLAR MARK From the New' York Independent. Of all the theories advanced in ex planation of the origin of the dollar mark no one is entirely satisfactory and convincing. A Spanish source has often been suggested, but the fact that the sign is not tised in Spain Is at least a negative indication that another origin should be sought. The following theory is not pre sented as complete, but it has some as pects of probability which make seem worthy of consideration. The sign $ was used in Fortugal as early as 1644; how much earlier I cannot at present say. It was called clfrao (cifra means a cipher, and clfrao is merely an augmentative). The Portu gese, however, did not use it originally ir exclusively to represent a monetary unit, as appears from the definitions of clfrao given in the Portugese dic tionaries of Vieira, Mores Silva, and In the Diccionarlo Contemporaneo, all of which say in substance that the clfrao serves to separate the thousands from the hundreds, as, for example, 3001506. and that it serves also as an abbrevia tion for three ciphers, so that 745$ is the same as 74."$000. The Dlcclonarl Contemporaneo adds that it is also used to represent a monetary unit, as the patacas In Ma 3&u and Timor, the dollars in America, ate. It may be added that Macau and part of Timor are Portuguese posses sions, and that the pataca is nearly squivalent to our dollar In value. The sign was also used to represent thou sands of men as well as of coins; thus the Portugese historian Lemoa writes of 4$ eavalloy, e 60$ infantes—4000 cavalry and 60,000 infantry. A THOUSAND YEARS OF FARMING From the Philadelphia Public Ledger. British peers boast of being the eighth or twelfth of their line. But out Jri Lan caster county, Pennsylvania, there are men whose ancestors for 30 generations have been farmers. King George’s folks have only been in the kinging business about 200 years. That trade of peering so popular abroad Is now compared with the lineage of hus bandry of which some of the Mennonites m:ght boast. A thousand years of farming! No won der I/ancaster is the garden of a hemis phere. “Go where there is limestone," was the motto of the early German im migrants. and it was noted even a cen tury ego by an ancestor of the Coxe fam ily wherever there was limestone soil in Pennsylvania could be heard the German language. It was of young men of that stock about whom the celebrated Colonel Morgan of Virginia said after the revolution: 'My Virginian riflemen were fine sol diers, but I also liked the Pennsylvania Dutch because they starved so well." HENDERSON “SHOULD WORRY” From the Fort Payne Journal. One of Mr. Henderson's newspaper sup porters says he will veto a state-wide pro hibition bill if one is passed by the legis lature. If that paper speaks with author ity that is the first time an answer lias been given to the question what will Mr. Henderson do with a state-wide prohibi tion bill? He was asked the question num bers of times during the campaign, but failed to answer. From the Selma Journal. The Mobile Ttem says that Governor elect Charles Henderson will veto a state wide prohibition bill if one Is passed and presented to him. That would be encour aging to "the bane of our civilization," and if a bill is passed by the legislature assembled, the Journal has no idea that Mr. Henderson would veto it. Like Dr. Crumpton, we look on Henderson as a mighty poor friend of the liquor traffic?. He always votes ngalnst It and never drinks it; has no sympathy for it and we do not believe that he will depend on its future to take care of his political char acter. FRAUD IN ALABAMA From the Sheffield Standard. All this talk about changing the law so as to prevent fraud In primary elec tions will come to naught unless we can arouse public sentiment to the point where it will be dangerous for any man to attempt to debuucn the electorate. What we really need Is a law that would perpetually disfranchise any man who either buys or sells a vote. From the Ashland Progress. The reports of fraud in the recent pri maries which aro being boldly published in the newspapers present a serious situ ation. If such reports are true they should not be winked at or passed light ly by with the usual remark that some body is “sore." There’s no excuse for such things now, and if fraud is tol erated even In a small way it Is likely to grow Into huge proportions in future elections. • 8ELMIAN* ADVISED From the Anniston Star. Selmians are felicitating over the fact that the Southern Bell is to build a new home there and help in the upbuilding of the city. They had bettor not get too happy, however, lest they be made to pay for the building. ADRIFT WITH THE TIMES A DAZZLING CREATURE. Down by the shore Fair Elinore Is voted beauty’s queen; Filled with dismay, The gossips say Her like was never seen. Her bathing suit? All tongues are mute— The crow’d can but admire, While hundreds gape At Elbe’s shape, Seen through her scant attire. MISLEADING THE PUBLIC. "I’ve taught my dog a number of smart tricks.” "For instance?" “When I go into a saloon for a drink I make him walk down the street and wait for me In front of a soda water store." GONE’ BUT NOT FORGOTTEN. “Whither away, Dobson?" ”1 m going to attend the obsequies over $10,000 of my hard-earned money." "1 don’t understand.'* The stockholders of a defunct corpora tion are to hold a meeting." NOT WHY HE LEFT, r called Dibble up over the telephone this morning and told him exactly what I thought of him.” "What did Dibble say?” "lie said If I would stay right where I was for about 10 minutes he would come and fix me.” “Did you do it?” Certainly not. I would have looked like a fool standing at the telephone with nobody at the other end of the line. PREFERS PEACH. I know’ a man whom good food cheers And puts a glad look in his eye, But 1 c could live for ninety years Without a .piece of rhubarb pie. A MERE SURMISE. "Do you see that small man who wear* ■ thick spectacles?” “Ye*.0 “He knows more about volcanoes than anybody else in the world.” “Ahem! Is that why he shows such marked deference to his wife?” IDEAL ARRANGEMENT. There’s lots of room To kiss, they say,. Beneath a nose That’s retrousse. THE OTHER WAY AROUND. “There s a married brute for you! Hi* wife stopped and gazed with longing eyes at the posters in front of a moving pic ture show, but he didn’t offer to take her Inside.” “Don’t be too hard on him. I happen to * <now that his wife keeps the family purse. 3hc probably wanted to see that picture, but was too stingy to squander a dime.” MISUNDERSTOOD. “What made the chambermaid quit?” "A facetious * lodger called her 'fair Hebe.’ ” “Well?” “She burst into tears and vowed she was i good girl. “SOLID COMFORT.” “What makes life a pleasure?” asks an advertiser. There is a difference of opin ion. Some people say “wine, women and aong;” some say private yachts; some say automobiles and some say costly raiment, but any honest toller will tell you that It is taking his shoes off in the cool of a summer evening and propping his feet UP on the window sill while little Maggie M goes to the corner saloon for a bucket Df suds. p. c. __ GREAT TRIALS OF HISTORY J TRIAL OF ORSINI AND OTHERS *' January 14, IN08, an attempt was made in Paris upon the life of the Emperor Napoleon III by Felix Orsini, an Italian, and other conspirators, leading among whom were Pierri, Rudlo and Gomez. Three shells were exploded, two persons were killed and many wounded. Pierri denied all knowledge of the con spiracy until the day before the attempt was made and said that he repented and took no part in the act. Gomez, the servant of Orsini. knew nothing of what was to be done until the last moment. Rudlo confessed everything and in culpated the others. He confessed that he had thrown one bomb himself. Orsini acknowledged his participation and declared that he had Intended to kill the Emperor. His fixed Idea, from his youth, he said, had been the deliverance of Italy and vengeance upon the Aus trians. When the French Landed at Rome he wus convinced that no assistance was to be looked for from the Emperor Napoleon and he resolved that he must bo killed. At first Orsini had intended to make the attempt alone, but Beelng the impossi bility of approaching the Emperor, he had taken others into the scheme. When he was arrested he had resolved not to speak of his confederates, but w-hen he found that they had betrayed him he gave way to a feeling of vengeance. Allsop, the Englishman, who had aided him in procuring the manufacture of the bombs and under whose name and with whose passport he had entered France, did not know that the bombs were in tended to be used to kill the Emperor, but supposed that they w'ere to be used in Italy. At the trial Orsini was defended by M. Jules Favre, who in his speech read a let ter from the prisoner to the Emperor: "The depositions which I have made against myself," says Orslnla, 'are suffi cient to send me to the scaffold, and I shall submit to my fate without asking pardon, both because I will not humiliate myself before him who has destroyed the reviving liberty of my unhappy country, and because In the situation In which I am now placed, death for me will be a re lief." * **« ii mi uonaumea only tne better part of a day and all of the prisoners were found guilty. Gomez, with extenuating circmustances considered, was sentenced to hard labor for ll^e. The others wert, condemned to death. The sentence of Rudio was subsequently commuted. Orslni and Plerrl were exe* cuted by the guillotine on March 13, th former meeting his fate with much dig nlty and firmness, while the latter be trayed tokens of great* querulousness. At the time of the attempt to assassi nate the Emperor, Napoleon III and the Empress were on their way to the thea tre. The intended victims were unhurt, but Orslni himself was wounded and was at once arrested. Besides the letter the assassin addressed to the Emperor re questing that he take up the cause of Italian liberty, he wrote another one to the youth of Italy, stigmatizing political assassination. The importance of Orsini's attempt on the life of Napoleon III lies in the fact that It terrified him, and he came to be lieve that unless he took up the Italian cause other attempts would follow and near the prison of La Roquette to be pres n&ted. This fear contributed not a little to the Emperor's subsequent Italian policy. As an illustration of the great interest In this case, thousands of people would assemble every morning before daylight near the prison of La Roquette t obe pres ent at the execution of Orslni, no definite Jate having been fixed. Just prior to his execution Orslni wrote a. respectful letter to the procureur gen eral, acknowledging the equitable and honorable conduct of the court that tried him. and of the Jury that found him guilty, as well as to the perfect liberty accorded to his counsel. It is said the heads of both Orslni and Plerrl were steeped in vltrol after death that no prying Madame Taussad or insin uating Claudet might photograph the fea tures Gomez and Rudio were shipped off to Senegal, from which they were carried to the swamp of Cayenne, which, although less speedy, are as remorseless Instruments of destruction as the guillo tine, which they congratulated themselves r>n escaping. TOMORROW— THE BOORN MURDER CASE *.*.... ELECTRICITY FORCES PLANTS I From the Boston Transcript. Of tremendous Importance to mankind. In view of the rapidly decreasing food supply of the world, was the announce ment of the result of experiments made during the past year In increasing veg etable growth electrically. T. C. Martn, In presenting the report of the committee on progress, announced that vegetable growth has been Increased 75 per cent over normal by the use of elec tricity at night. It Is by such experi ments that the men of electrical science are striving to solve ahead of time tvhat will eventually be the greatest problem the race must face—the shortage of the food supply. Plots have been sowm with radishes and lettuce seed. Portions of the plots have been excited by high fre quency currents. The vegetables In tne plots so affected showed a 75 per cent in crease In yield over the plots left to the ordinary ministrations of the sun and rain. MRS. STEVEN SON'S GRAVE Eos Angeles Dispatch In the New York Herald. Ill the fulfilment of her last wish, the ashes of Mrs. Robert Eouls Stevenson will repose beside the body of her husband on the summit of Mt. Vaca, Samoa. This was made public here today on the author ity of Mrs. Isobel Strong, daughter of Mrs. Stevenson. Before the door of the tomb will be Inscribed the last stanza of Stevenson's verse to hlB wife: "Teacher, tender comrade: wife. Fellow farer, true through Ilfs, Heart whole and soul free The august Father gave to me.” To this tomb there will be no means of aocees except a rough mountain path. When the will of Mrs. Stevenson, who died In Santa Barbara several months ago, Is settled, her children, Mrs. Strong and Lloyd Osbourne, will take her aBhea to Samoa. The ashes are now In San Fran cisco. I1RIEF AND TO THE POINT From the Chicago Journal. The Port Jefferson (L. I.) Weekly hss the following account of a tooal wedding: "Jarvis Robinson and Miss Grace Hodges, both of Port Jefferson Station, were quietly married Wednesday. No cards, some cake and nobody's business.” BOY’S RARE MEMORY Skowhegan. Mo., to the Philadelphia Record. Skowhegan hoaata of 6-vaar-old Ralphard Peters, a native of Boston, who, after hearing Grey's Elegy In a Country Churchyard read to him once, was able to repeat it. Little Ralphard Is the most remarkable example of In fantile development ever brought to the attention of the many learned pro fessors and specialists who have ex amined him. He can read the most difficult literature and pronounce any word in the English language cor rectly. He could read when but two and a half years old, and now he reads the Bible to his grandparents and explains the paragraphs. He Is only Just learn ing his figures. His pronunciation be came easy and he advanced so rapidly that his grandparents became alarmed and consulted a physician. 1 f he hears a song once he will im- * mediately repeat the words and slug the tune as if he had been trained for several days. AT EVENTIDE By George Foxhall, I have a little boy, and every night, As I bend over him, where, flushed with sleep, He lies like slumbering Love In evening light, Resting In shadows that are never deep— I pray, with wistful, pain-encircled Joy, That he may always be "my little boy.’’ I have a little girl, so winsome-sweet She seems like some stray elf from fairy land, Except that fairy lips could never meet To make such kisses, and no fairy hand uld hold such dimples, or could reach so far Into worn hearts where hidden smile beams are. And as I bend above her, where she lies All coiled up to teddy bear or doll Or holding fast to some delayed ''sur*. prise', Or some strange animal called "Prettv Poll," y I know that, be she dross or purest pearl Always my heart will call: "My little girl."