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*£. XV. BAHllETT.Editor Entered at tns Birmingham, Ala., postoffice as second class matter under set of Congress March 3. 1871). Pally and Sunday Age Herald—$8.00 Pally and Sunday per month - .70 ' Pally and Sunday, three months .. 2.00 Weekly Age-Herald, per annum.. .00 (Sunday Age-Herald . 2 UU A. J. Eaton, Jr., and U. E. Young are the only authorized traveling repre sentatives of The Age-Herald in its circulation department. No communication will be puniished iwlthout Am author's name. Rejected manuscript will not be returned unless Stamps are enclosed for that purpose. Remittances can be made at current rate of exchange. The Age-Herald will not be responsible for money sent through the mails. Address, THE AGE-HERAED. Birmingham, Ala. Washington bureau, 207 Hibbs bulld *BEuropean bureau, 6 Henrietta street, Covent Garden, Eonaon. Eastern business office, Rooms 48 to *0, inclusive. Tribune building. New York Ctty; Western Duslneas office, Tribune building, Chicago. Tile 8. C. Beckwith Special Agency, agents for eign advertising. TELEPHONE Bell (private exchange connecting all depnrtmente). Slain 404)0. j As full «f spirit as the month of Sin}', Anil gorge*,ns ns the sun nt midsum mer. —ll<lir> IV* ^ ! BEGINNING THE DAY—Lord, make me a chilli of the day, not of the night. Slay my deeds anil my presence bring light. Slay my face shine. Slay my message lie hope anil cheer. Slay my speech flower Into song. Sllnlnter unto me, O my Fath er, In the things of Joy. In Christ's name. Amen.—H. SI. E. The Panama-Pacific Exposition Alabama should have a large ex hibit at the Panama-Pacific Interna tional exposition to be held in 1915. Most of the expositions have attracted crowds of visitors from all parts of this country, and a few of the larger ones have been visited by many for eigners. The San Francisco exposition will be one of the most notable. As the whole world is now interested in the Panama canal, American manufactu rers can well afford to make special efforts in exhibiting their products. The industrial display of San Fran cisco will probably be the most ex tensive ever made. Commissioner O’Hara of the Panama-Pacific exposi tion visited Montgomery yesterday and called on the governor of,-Ala bama to suggest that this state erect a building on the ground to cost about $30,000. Thai, is a moderate sum for so important a purpose. No state in the union has such varied resources Alabama. Many individuals and corporations will make exhibits at the exposition and the state must be con spicuous there as such. Not only should there be a display of the products of mines and factories, but agriculture should be made very prominent. Within the past five or six years farm land values in Ala bama have doubled, and within the next year or two such val ues will reach a still higher level. The reason is plain. The farmers have learned how to till the soil in a more scientific and business like way. The demonstration work of the Ala bama commissioner of agriculture and the teaching of the Alabama Polytech nic institute at Auburn have wrought , a wonderful change. One bale of cotton to the acre instead of three acres for one bale is now coming to he the rule. All the other crops are being cultivated by the same intensive methods, and it is as easy to produce 75 bushels of corn to the acre on a large field as it used to be to produce at the rate of 20. Alfalfa is going to be one of Alabama’s commercial crops, and within a few years this state will rank at the top in its crop records. It is not a bit too soon to begin ac tive preparations for an exhaustive display at San Francisco. We can have, and certainly should have, a dis play that will make everybody talk. Weird Chirography It is related that Charles Reade, the novelist, was cut to the heart when Punch invented the story of a com positor who, in a fit of despair, caused by his inability to read the au thor’s writing, threw himself off Waterloo bridge. After that time, it is said, Reade carefully revised his manuscript and for the final copy which was to be sent to the printer he employed a copyist who wrote a hand like copperplate. Reade first wrote the outline of his Btories on huge drab sheets of paper. These were carefully revised. Then he would read the work to friends and adopt any suggestions which suited him. Still another revision took place before the manuscript was turned over to the copyist, who prepared it for the » printers. Even then two revisions were sometimes made before the copy finally reached the compositors. Nowadays stenographers and type xrriters have made chirography al T^gt a “lost art.” A busy man signs hi. name and that is about as far as hi. use of pen or pencil extends. It is >• longer considered necessary to ■ apologize for writing a poor hand, since there is seldom any need to ex hibit one’s deficiency in that regard, except in social correspondence. The man who takes pride in the illegible signature he puts on a hotel register is as easy to read as anybody else in his business correspondence, because it is written on a machine. A few old-fashioned authors still use a pen or pencil for writing books, but the plutocrats of the profession are those who can make a typewriter “smoke” between breakfast and lunch, devoting the afternoon to chas ing a golf ball over the links and the evenings to posing in a conspicuous part of somebody’s drawing room. People have about decided that life is too short to bother one’s head over acquiring a copperplate style of handwriting. Most of the chirography nowadays is a hasty scrawl, done with a full realization of the valuable time that is lost in not using a machine. The click of typewriters is heard ev erywhere. The temper of compositors has improved greatly and it is now possible to learn the contents of the average letter at a glance, instead of sitting down to puzzle over i’s that are not dotted, t’s that are not crossed and n’s that look like u’s. Enthusiasm in University^Movement The hot weather is having no ener vating effect upon the Methodist uni versity movement. The Chamber of Commerce leaders who are enlisted in the cause are not only brimful of enthusiasm, but they are working with a feeling of confidence that presages victory. Three cities have been mentioned as candidates for the great university to be established, but the contest is practically between Birmingham and Atlanta. Columbia, S. C., is a dis tinguished old town. It breathes an atmosphere of rare culture; but the university must be centrally located, and South Carolina is too far east. As has been said frequently, Birmingham is the logical city from a geographical point of view. And then, too, it of fers a site that is ideal. The modern university prospers bet ter in a large city than in a small city. Columbia university in New York and Chicago university thrive as they do largely because of their great city environment. Birmingham and Atlanta have now about the same population, but the census bureau gives credit to Birmingham for a more rapid rate of growth, and it is plain to see that in the next census this city will outstrip the Georgia city. Any university built and developed on an extensive scale must look into the fu ture. There are young here who will live to see the Birmingham dis trict with a population of 1,000,000. Certain it is that Birmingham will cross the 1,000,000 mark before any Aher southern city comes anywhere aear it. As the location of the university is o be decided on or about July 15 what ever is done by Birmingham in the way of raising money as an induce ment must be done with dispatch. Preliminary plans have been well laid. It is now for the business men of Bir mingham, who will be greatly bene fited by the building of the splendid university here, to subscribe liberally. Crop Moving Money The federal reserve bank system will not be in operation until Septem ber 1—too late to be of benefit to the banks and farmers in moving this year’s crops. But Secretary of the Treasurer Mc Adoo will be ready to lend the banks government money for crop moving purposes. He relieved the banking situation last fall by a voluntary and generous offer to lend out of the treasury all the money that could pos sibly be needed. And the fact that his offer will be repeated will eliminate now as it did in 1918 thf old time strain caused by tight money in the late summer and early autumn. Next year the federal reserve board will be in thorough working order and will then be expected to take care of the crop moving situation. In the meantime the country is fortunate in having a Secretary of the Treasury of Mr. McAdoo’s liberal and con structive views as applied to practical business. General Villa’s Victory The capture of Zacatecas, the fed eral stronghold, by the constitutional ists, was a staggering blow to Huerta. Fhe federals seem to have lost heavily in men, while the loss of the constitu tionalists was comparatively light. The city was captured after several Jays of fighting. This decisive achievement will probably mark the beginning of the end. The mediators at Niagara Falls have been optimistic ever since tak ing up their task, more optimistic than the public has ever been, and now their optimism seems to receive justi fication. The establishment of a new provisional government is promised while unhappy Mexico is being paci fied and made ready for a general presidential election. President Wilson’s “patient wait ing” policy has prevented a declara tion of war on Mexico. It seemed at “tT” would have to send an army to Mexico City and occupy the country until a stable government was set up; but if mediation succeeds thousands of American lives will be spared and mil lions of dollars saved. It was neces sary for the United States to occupy Vera Cruz, but if further intervention can be honorably avoided, President Wilson will have scored a signal triumph. W. If. N. Young, 73 years old, who Is known on the Pacific coast as the “lot tery king," has been released from jail where ho was sentenced to serve IDS days for violating tlte lottery law. Young has promised never again to sell a lottery ticket. More titan 30 years ago, while lie was working in San Francisco, Young’s closest friend, a man named Edwin Shaw, bought a \ lottery ticket and won several hundred dollars. He kept playing the lottery until he had won $75,000. He Invested tlie money in land H at- has since made him ’very rich. Young decided to try his luck in tile lottery, and in the first six months of his play he won a capita! prize of $15,000. I Miring the next live years he won $12, JOO more, and Invested Ills money in an irehard near Los Angeles. He continued lo play the lottery in a small way, how ever, and in the course of lime he was made an agent. His orchard was not a success, so lie came to Los Angeles and established headquarters for the lottery itaflic. With an old gray horse hitched .o an unpainted buggy, he used to. travel ’ll rough southern California selling lot tery tickets. People along his routes used to wait for him. buying tlie tickets lltey hoped would bring fortune. in course of time the authorities learned Hint he was a lottery agent, lie was ar rested a number of times, hut was al ways released when he had paid a line. The prospect of having to serve a long fail sentence daunted the old man, and he decided to retire. The Hon. Tyrus Cobb will lie out of rile game It) days as result of an injury received in a fisticuff. Great men Bhouhl remember that their fists don’t belong to themselves, hut. to the public. Senator O’Gornian says his notion of ait Ideal life is to lie the proprietor of a second-hand bookstore. No doubt there are ambitious persons in his state who would be glud to see his wish gratified. It is hard for the man who carries all :>f his available cash In his vest pocket to understand why it should require three years for some people to estimate how much they are worth. The term “swollen fortune" is merely relative. In the mountain districts of the soutli, it means any amount a man has left after he settles his account with the village storekeeper. The Rotarians in convention as sembled at Houston have heard some gcod things said about Birmingham ?ven if this city has to wait awhile for the big meeting. The man who stole Mona Lisa was sentenced to a year and 15 days in prison, ivhieh will give him plenty of time to ■onsider the offers of vaudeville man tgers. Senator Chilton of West Virginia can hlay mountain tunes on a fiddle, but there there is no reason to believe that le aspires to become a Chautauqua star. “Women are braver than men,” says t preacher, who is evidently prepared to lisepunt their antics in the presence of i mouse. Villa started in life as a butcher, and is inspected of having been the kind of Dutcher who weighs his hand with the meat. If Colonel Roosevelt were called into consultation at Niagara Falls, it wouldn’t take him long to put tlte “me’’ In medi ate. If hot nights keep you from sleep mg. Just think of those fine cool tights that will come ere long. Plans are already under way to lilame he administration If the America’s cup s lost in September. Now is the time to bring psychol tgy to bear on high temperature. NATIONAL DEBTS From the New York American. The debts of the leading nations of tlte tvorld are as follows, in round numbers: United States, $1,200,00,000; Great Britain, (3,000,000,000; Russia, $5,000,000,000; France, (5,200,000,000; German Empire, $1,240 000,000; Australia, $1,480,000,000; Canada, $400,000, 900. The United States is not only the richest country in the world, but has greater wealth than any other two coun tries on earth combined. LUKE M’LUKE SAYS From tlte Cincinnati Enquirer. When you are classifying the useless noises don’t forget that made by a hus band who is objecting to som»thlng his wife has made up her mind to do. A bathing suit is supposed to be too Immodest to wear at a reception. But when a girl gets Into an evening gown her chest and back are exposed about six Inches further south than the tan line that marks the neck of her bathing suit. As a rule, if you will give a man plenty to drink with his dinner he won’t holler much about the cooking. It always makes an iceman grin when the scarecrow he sees In the kitchen every morning goes down the street dolled up like a circus band wagon and ignores him. The trouble with a family -skeleton is that it always starts to rattle when there are nosey neighbors in the house. A fellow will spend the two weeks’ sal ary he drew In advance and then come back and talk about having spent ills va cation. A girl is usually smart enough to know too much to pretend site does. If all the reformers and prohibitionists expect to enter the pearly gates there are going to be a lot of red-nosed angels. Never tell a man anything for his own good. You are wasting his time and yours, too. A mere man can’t understand It when Ihe women say that skirts are no longer worn full. They all look well filled to him. i / IN HOTEL LOBBIES The (■ooMelxine Prophet “My prediction is that we will have an electric storm next Sunday and that after a cooling spell of short duration, high temperature will return and remain until about the middle of July,” said an old goosebone prophet. “According to my notion, we will have delightful weather the latter part of July and throughout the entire month of Au gust. If we have had the hottest June that anybody can remember, there will he ample compensation in the compara tively lower temperature that will prevail during the last six or seven weeks of the summer season.” IliiNineM* More \ctlve Inhere has been a steady improve ment in business all this month and tlie outlook for July is very promis ing. said W. \\\ Connors of Chicago. “The west is starting on a healthy boom based on the enormous crops. Business in that section is more ac tive today than it has been for several years. I he south also will he in the boom class lor the eropa in several states art- record breakers and in few of them are crops poor. The money value of the south’s farm products this year will be larger, no doubt, than in any previous year. If that turns out to he so pros pect with a big I* will result. “I was in Oklahoma recently and everybody in that state is jubilant over the great crops. Oklahoma has had crop failures for several years in suc cession, but one bumper harvest is making the people forget the hard times of the past. When Oklahoma dot's have a good season, it beats any slate that 1 know of in getting on its feet.” !'leuniire of Suburban Life “Birmingham is far ahead of oilier southern cities in the number and at tractiveness of its outlying residence sections,” said Ji. F. Jones, who has recently built a home at Roebuck Springs. “Many residences have been built in that neighborhood recently, and many more are to he built within tlie next 12 months. Engrossed in business in town as I am, a garden and a pas ture in the suburbs delight me. I love to work in the garden in the morning. This exercise is equal to a fine tonic. 1 have about three and a half acres, and for a man of my fondness for the country Roebuck is a real joy.” HiinIc nl the Tutwiler “Many music lovers are enjoying tlie daily programmes rendered at the Tut wiler,’* said a well known citizen. “Not only are the musicians of a high class, but the music they play is beautiful and of real artistic merit. “T have taken three meals at the Tutwiler, and have never yet heard the orchestra play any music that was not such as delight persons of musical taste. During the winter season the Tutwiler musicians will doubtless give us a series of chamber concerts. While much of tlie old chamber music is se verely classic, some is tuneful enough to come under the head of popular music; and the great modern composers, Tschaikowski, Dvorak and others have written with great charm in the lighter vein for chamber bands.” Prohibition \gltatloii In Virginia “The Anti-Saloon leaguers in Virginia seems to be confident that they win carry the electians- in September for state-wide prohibition, but I am inclined to think that local option will win by a small majority,” said Rufus N. Clinton of Phil adelphia. “I am not connected in any way with the liquor business, but'visiting Virginia recently 1 naturally became interested in the state-wide prohibition campaign. Business men in Richmond and two or three other Virginia cities seemed to be almost solid against the state-wide prop osition. Virginia is now almost dry under local option law. If it should go entirely dry Richmond would be seriously affected, for It has a very large wholesale liquor trade. V hat strikes me as an argument against the state-wide prohibition move ment in the Old Dominion is the fact that Georgia is about to amend its pro hibition laws, and the further fact that Alabama, after trying state-wide prohibi tion, returned to the local option column. “Georgia has never known what real prohibition was, because beer—called near-beer—was allowed to be sold under license, and in Savannah and maybe two or three other cities, whisky was dis pensed freely. If Georgia prohibition had been of the drastic kind such as Ala bama had, the law would have been repealed before this. “I understand that Memphis is one of the dullest towns in the country since real prohibition has been in force. Of course Memphis will have blind tigers galore, but the illicit traffic in liquor always presents an ugly situation. No matter what may be said against the saloons every man who comes from a big city must see that high license in cities the size of Richmond, Atlanta, Birming ham and Memphis offers the best solu tion.” Segregation of the Races “The Avondale park and zoo proposi tion, wherein the negro population of the city is denied the use of that park for a picnic, and a view of the animals, sug gests the thought that the whites of Bir mingham should be as thoughtful of the rights of the colored people as they are of their own," said a prominent white citizen yesterday. "I afn strongly in favor of a segrega tion of the two races, but I believe in consistency, and am impressed with the idea that all taxes for the support of public institutions are not derived from whites, but that the colored population of Birmingham pays much to the public exchequer, and if parks are supported for tlie public in any measure the negroes should have a large park of their own, supported to some extent by public funds. “It is a lamentable fact that often seats set aside for colored people In street cars are occupied by whites, and that eleva tors in some of the skyscrapers provided for the colored are often used by whites, while the negro Is never allowed the use of apartments intended for whites. This is all wrong, and there should be some rule or law provided by the city commissioners for a lair deal in this respect. Let each race keep Its own position and pleasant relations will ever exist between the two races in Bir mingham. Let us be fair and just.” THE STRUGGLE FOR GOLD From the Washington Herald. With much of our gold going to Europe as a result of the unfavorable trade balance; with Germany, Russia and France hoarding their supply, and England possessed of a system whereby hoarding becomes unneces sary, the United States will be com pelled to match Its wits against the world to prevent steady impairment of its own gold supply. It is perfectly proper that there should he on the federal reserve board a professor of economics, but the greatest need of the board is the ap pointment of men trained in business and financial relations, practical men who have dealt in securities at home and abroad and who will know how to handle the big international problems that arise. It would be little less than a calam ity if a theorist were appointed as governor of the federal reserve board. Mr. Warburg, with his connection with Kuhn, Loeb & Co., is thoroughly versed in International banking, but because of his connection with a house with a foreign branch, his appoint ment as governor might possibly arouse resentment. Mr. Harding, the long term member of the board, appointed from Alabama. hasAhe experience and the skill re quired for a successful governor, and were he appointed It would be a long step toward restoring confidence in the banking world. It is certain, how ever, that the bankers will not take kindly to the appointment of any man without practical experience. The sit uation with regard to the gold supply is threatening to become acute and a man of practical experience will be re quired to guide the system over the shoals. IN KIPLING’S INDIA Dr. Arley Munson, in the Bookman. It is said that the Burmese are the hap piest people on earth. It is not hard to bel ieve this when one hears the merry talk and laughter and sees the bright faces and care-free, indolent air of these little brown people who are decked with fragrant flowers and clad in silk of the gayest colors, pink, scarlet, green, yellow and magenta. Their flattened features show their relation to the Mongolian; and always in the mouth, whether of man, woman or child, you see the big greenish-white cheroot, for the Burmese baby learns to smoke when it learns to walk. Interesting are the timber yards where the elephants act as coolies: Elephants a-pilin' teak In the sludgy, squdgy creek. The clear-eyed intelligence of the great beasts in lifting and stacking in regular order tlie logs of teak, which often weigh more than a ton, is wonderful. Watching the “foreman elephant” pushing the log into the exact place, one almost believes the story which somewtie near by is sure to tell, that he frequently squints one eye to see that the log lies true. DELCASSE “COMES BACK” From the Philadelphia Record. M. Deleasse, the “strong man” of [France, after a rather lengthy period of obscuration, again takes a seat in the French cabinet. He was minister of foreign affairs at the time when the dispatch of a German naval squadron to Agadir threatened a European con flict over Morocco; in fact, M. Deleasse was the originator of the policy of "peaceful penetration,” which lutf, made France practically master of the Moor ish sultanate. Germany had to be ap peased by the sacrifice of the offensive French minister of foreign affairs, and since then M. Deleasse has been in j eclipse. The international alliances which he made have not been weakened'" however, and his emergence and accep tance of the ministry of the marine may presage the resumption by France of an advanced position as a naval power. The new cabinet as a whole is strong and includes, besides Deleasse, such pol jitical stars as Ribot, who is premier, and Leon Bourgeois, minister of foreign affairs. THE MEXICAN FLAG From the Indianapolis News. The flag of Mexico is the mate of the Italian tri-color, though the green of Italy is paler than that of Mexico. The three colors are green, white and red. On the white in the Mexican flag is the seal of Mexico. It shows an eagle on a bush or branch of nopal—a common cactus—hold ing a serpent in his beak. The interpre ! tation, says the Christian Science Monitor, is sometimes given that this is the serpent j of despotism, but the legend of the seal i goes*Jurther back than the despotism of the Spaniards. The story is that during | the time of the Aztecs the people were loking for a place to found their city. They came to the borders of Lake Tex coco, and there they halted. They saw ! before them an immense golden eagle some say a small eagle—on a cactus with a serpent In its talons and its wings spread to the rising sun. Forthwith they laid there the foundation of the great city, Tenochtitlan, which is the City of Mexico of today. The date set for this, of course conjectural, is about 1325. HARMONY AND HYMNALS From the Philadelphia Ledger. In making a new hymnal for, all the Lutheran bodies, the general council of that denomination has taken a step in the direction of federation. From 16 different hymnals, a new collection has been culled, which best represents the Lutheran theology. The hymn book has always been a meeting place of sects. Protestants have no objejetion to singing Cardinal Newmans “Lead, Kindly Light,” and evangelical Christians unite in sing- j ing “Nearer My God, to Thee,” written 1 by a Unitarian. Music eliminates doc trinal differences. Theological state ments emphasize them. Perhaps the chief value of the hymnal is its con tribution to church unity. Incidentally it may be said that the melody of church hymns might be greatly improved, as well as the liter ary value. Many good hymns have been spoiled by poor melody, and oth ers are destroyed by poor singers. The 1 model hymnal has not yet appeared. GUITEAU’S CURSE From the Philadelphia Record. We shall hear a lot about Gulteau's curse now that the last of the Jurymen who convicted him of murdering President! Garfield has died. It Is, indeed, true that I pretty much everybody who participated in the trial and execution of Guiteau has j been overtaken by death, but when we ! reflect on the time that has elapsed sines his crime our wonder over the succes- ! sion of fatalities is abated and we are \ not impressed with the need of invoking 1 the supernatural In order to explain the' procession of court officials who have followed the murderer to the grave. John P. Hamline, foreman of the jury, un doubtedly shared In the malediction of the assassin, but as he died at the age of 90 and survived the conviction of the i murderer for 3 years a skeptic may be ex-! I cused for saying that he would have died [just the same if he had not been cursed, i ADRIFT WITH THE TIMES FORTUNATE MAN. He does not yearn for riches That may be wrongly spent; He plods along life's highway, His heart tilled with content. Great fame may never crown him, Nor minions on him wait. But he knows where fish are biting And his backyard's full of bait. A SERIOUS MATTER. "The doctor looked grave when he came out." "Yes. The patient he went to see owes him for his services during a previous illness." « ABSENT-MINDED. "Tompkins, the floorwalker, gave him self away at Mountain View." "How so?" "A woman asked him the way to the spring and he said, Mineral water? The first aisle to your left, madam.’ " QUITE A JOB. "Every Sunday Dobson buys three or four Sunday newspapers and reads them.” "What else does he do on Sunday?" "Good heaven, man! Do you think he has time to do anything else?" NOT AVAILABLE. "Has this resort any special attrac i tions?" “One." "Where?" "Just now she's gone out to stroll with another magi." A SUMMER FDIRT. He said that he would love her Until the stars grew cold; His heart was madly beating, It was the truth he told. The maiden whispered softly She'd leave him nevermore. Now with another fello•/ She acts the same scene o'er. NO USE. "I do not sigh for riches." "Umph! You consider yourself a philos opher, I suppose?" "Not particularly. I’m simply avers# to wasting my breath.” HIS GRIEVANCE. "Look here,” said the irate suburbanite to Mr. Josh, of Josh & Bluster, real es tate agents, "you persuaded me to buy a lot at Swamphurst.” "So I did,” answered Mr. Josh. "Any- v thing wrong with it?” “Just this: I expected to put a bung*» low on that lot and not a houseboat!” ' A TIP TO PEDANTS. The man who thinks the habitual use of long words indicates superior intelligence should glance over some of the old stuff that was written 1000 years ago and lg still being read. AWKWARD. We are not at all surprised to learn that the residents of Little Neck, L. I., wish the name of their town changed. It is customary/ to refer to the citizens of New York as “New Yorkers.” Chicago peo ple are "Chicagoans” and Philadelphia residents are "Philadelphians.” We may even strain a point and speak of "Koko mokoans” or "Kankakeeans,” but it is im possible to apply a similar derivative to the population of Little Neck without adding insult to injury. A STAR. Oh, let us hasten to this play— ’Tis said the leading lady At divers times has been quite gay And has a past that’s shady. P. C. GREAT TRIALS OF HISTORY TRIAL OF CIIIS HOLM MURDERERS ONE of the most revolting cfimes in the United States during the past century was the murder of the Chisholm family at DeKalb, Miss., on April 29, 1877. It was the outcome of the peculiar sort of politics of that period in Mississippi, and was a tragedy of a feud that had existed for a number of years. On Thursday evening, April 26, John W. Gully, a prominent citizen of Kemper county, was assassinated by an unknown party. Evidence was given by two negroes to the effect that the deed was done by Benjamin Rush, a white man, who had been instigated to it by Judge W. W. Chisholm and several others. Chisholm and his son John were arrested, and Mrs. Chisholm and her daughter, Cornelia, insisted upon sharing their confinement. On the Sunday following a mob at tacked the jail and Chisholm was mor tally wounuded and his son and daughter killed. Miss Chisholm in defending her father shot and killed Dr. Rosser and Mrs. Chisholm seriously wounded young Gully, whose father had been killed. Those whom the mob accused of being implicated with Chisholm in the murder of Gully were taken from the jail and hanged. Henry J. Gully wras later arrested charged with the shooting of Cornelia Chisholm, and the trial was begun in DeKalb on September 8, 1879. This Missis sippi tragedy had so excited the country that when the trial took place representa tives of all the leading dailies were pres ent as correspondents. On the first day of the trial Mrs. Cnls holm was the chief witness. She related how Rosser had shot her son John, and how’ another son, Clay, had carried the dead boy down the jail stairs, and how Cornelia, who had thrown her arms about ! her father to protect him, had been shot I by Gully. Gully also later fired the fatal ' shot which killed the father. Cornelia was carried home fatally wounded, while Judge Chisholm was as sisted home by his wife and young son. Cornelia lingered until May 15, when she died from the effects of her wounds. Among the witnesses were Dr. Chamber lain, who had attended Cornelia. He tes tified that she died from the effects of her w’ounds; that, one of the bones of her leg was injured, and two of the bones of her arm were broken by buckshot, and that she was wounded in the face by some blunt instrucent, and that no treatment could have saved her life. The state made an effort to establish a conspiracy on the party of Gully and oth ers to kill Chisholm, Gilmer and Rosen baum, and that in carrying it into effect they killed Cornelia and other parties. On this point the state gained no strength. ( Among the declarations made after the killing of Chisholm going to show a con spiracy was one by the defendant that “We have done, what we came to do,” and that “If there is any hanging to be done, here is my neck.” The defense closed its case at 5:30 p. m. on September 10, and at 10 o'clock on the following morning the testimony was closed. District Attorney Ford, in sum moning up, attempted to show a con spiracy on the part of Henry J. Gully, the defendant, and others to murder Judge Chisholm, and that in carrying their de sign into effect Cornelia Chisholm was killed. The strongest appeal for the pris oner was made by Col. S. M. Meek of Co lumbus, Miss., known as the “Eagle or ator of Mississippi.” f The case was continued until the morn ing of September 12, when at 10:30 o’clock Judge Morris closed his charge to th'e jury. The 12 men at once retired and were only out about half an hour when they returned a verdict of not guilty, and the political feud which had deprived a wife of a husband and a mother of two chil dren was at an end. At the time of the trial Mrs. Chisholm resided in Washing ton and she was accompanied to Missis sippi by Gen. Stewart L. Woodford, an in timate friend, who remained with hflff during the trying ordeal. TOMORROW—TRIAL OF MICHAEL EYRALD LEGISLATORS ADVISED Tuscaloosa News: We already have too many state offices, and there is not the slightest reason why the railroad com mission could not supervise all the public utilities. As Is well known and as It has been clearly demonstrated by the freedom with which railroad commissioners have left the capitol, this commission Is not overburdened with work. It would be well, we believe, for the next session of the legislature to pass an act changing the railroad commission into a public utilities commission with full power to regulate not only the railroads, but also street railways, telephone and telegraph sys tems, waterworks companies, light and power plants and any other businesses of a public nature. Florence Times: The question of a new constitution for the state of Alabama has been lately discussed among some of our leading citizens. It appears that there are so many things In the present constitu tion that need changing that a new or ganic law' In toto would be the proper thing. One point at least should by all means be changed, and that is the restric tion of cities and towns to a tax rate al together insufficient to run the municipal government. This restriction has given infinite trouble and seriously endangered the credit of our cities. MONEY INVESTED IN JEWELS From the Argonaut. Every now and then we get a glimpse of the wealth Invested in Jewels. Max Meyer of London, the well known dia mond and pearl merchant, says that the Parisian dealers are now holding $20,000, 000 worth of pearls, and that if they were placed on the market they would have nr, influence upon prices. But the pearls held by.the French jewelers are insignifi cant in quantity compared with those in the possession of American dealers. “In the great American cities Jewelers have pearls whose worth aggregates more than $200,000,000. There are plenty of buyers, and in view of the fact that pearl fisheries all over the world produce fewer line gems than formerly I should say that prices will be increased Instead of decreased in the near future." Mr. Meyer was the owner of the famous string of pearls, valued at $675,000, that was stolen while on the way from Paris to London, and he has Just finished an other necklace that is worth $1,600,000. It consists of 200 pearls perfectly matched in color and luster, one pearl alone costing $100,000 and another $50,000. THE OLDEST NEWSPAPER From the Hartford Courant. In a recent issue of Current Events ap pears the statement that the oldest news paper, which “still continues to be pub lished” in this country, is the New Hamp shire Gazette, founded in 1756. We cannot let such a statement pass unnoticed by the oldest newspaper In the United States of continuous publication in the same place and under the same name, and that is the description of The Courant. This paper was founded in 1764. It has been continuously published ever since that date. It has always been published in Hartford, and it has always been The Courant. The New Hampshire Gazette suspended publication at one time and changed its name several times, and is now only the weekly annex to The Daily Chronicle* DAMAGE DONE BY MILITANTS London Correspondence Washington Post. No official estimate *-r the total damage done by the suffragettes Is available, but in every case reported the value of prop erty destroyed has been made public. The serious outrages on property began in 1912. Prior to that there were only isolated cases of window breaking at the residences of the premier, his cabinet ministers and others. The estimates of property destroyed are: 1912 . $ 40,000 1913 . 500,000 1914 . 4,000,000 Churches and historic mansions burned and pictures slashed make up most of th-» totals. . THE KENTUCKY CARDINAL Sonnet in Memory of Will S. Hays, by H. A. Cottell, in the Louisville Courier Journal. As morning blushed and peered with eye of gray, Through orchard bough with May time blossoms laden; % A minstrel red from out the realm of Aidenn Poured from his heart a welcome to the day. He sang his native song and flew away; But never strain of Mozart, Uach or Haydn / Atuned to voice, or pipe, or string well played on, Could thrill the soul like that wild roun- * delay! In morn of life a simple song I heard Sung by an untaught minstrel blithe and free; Who held a magic like that early bird That charmed me with’its artless melody Like to that bird my minstrel took his flight— 4a Aidenn now he hails the morning light.