*£. XV. BAHllETT.Editor
Entered at tns Birmingham, Ala.,
postoffice as second class matter under
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j As full «f spirit as the month of Sin}',
Anil gorge*,ns ns the sun nt midsum
mer. —ll<lir> IV*
^ ! BEGINNING THE DAY—Lord,
make me a chilli of the day, not of
the night. Slay my deeds anil my
presence bring light. Slay my face
shine. Slay my message lie hope anil
cheer. Slay my speech flower Into
song. Sllnlnter unto me, O my Fath
er, In the things of Joy. In Christ's
name. Amen.—H. SI. E.
The Panama-Pacific Exposition
Alabama should have a large ex
hibit at the Panama-Pacific Interna
tional exposition to be held in 1915.
Most of the expositions have attracted
crowds of visitors from all parts of
this country, and a few of the larger
ones have been visited by many for
The San Francisco exposition will
be one of the most notable. As the
whole world is now interested in the
Panama canal, American manufactu
rers can well afford to make special
efforts in exhibiting their products.
The industrial display of San Fran
cisco will probably be the most ex
tensive ever made. Commissioner
O’Hara of the Panama-Pacific exposi
tion visited Montgomery yesterday
and called on the governor of,-Ala
bama to suggest that this state erect
a building on the ground to cost about
$30,000. Thai, is a moderate sum for
so important a purpose. No state in
the union has such varied resources
Alabama. Many individuals and
corporations will make exhibits at the
exposition and the state must be con
spicuous there as such.
Not only should there be a display
of the products of mines and factories,
but agriculture should be made very
prominent. Within the past five or
six years farm land values in Ala
bama have doubled, and within
the next year or two such val
ues will reach a still higher level. The
reason is plain. The farmers have
learned how to till the soil in a more
scientific and business like way.
The demonstration work of the Ala
bama commissioner of agriculture and
the teaching of the Alabama Polytech
nic institute at Auburn have wrought
, a wonderful change. One bale of
cotton to the acre instead of three
acres for one bale is now coming to
he the rule. All the other crops are
being cultivated by the same intensive
methods, and it is as easy to produce
75 bushels of corn to the acre on a
large field as it used to be to produce
at the rate of 20. Alfalfa is going to
be one of Alabama’s commercial
crops, and within a few years this
state will rank at the top in its crop
It is not a bit too soon to begin ac
tive preparations for an exhaustive
display at San Francisco. We can
have, and certainly should have, a dis
play that will make everybody talk.
It is related that Charles Reade, the
novelist, was cut to the heart when
Punch invented the story of a com
positor who, in a fit of despair,
caused by his inability to read the au
thor’s writing, threw himself off
Waterloo bridge. After that time, it
is said, Reade carefully revised his
manuscript and for the final copy
which was to be sent to the printer he
employed a copyist who wrote a hand
Reade first wrote the outline of his
Btories on huge drab sheets of paper.
These were carefully revised. Then
he would read the work to friends and
adopt any suggestions which suited
him. Still another revision took place
before the manuscript was turned over
to the copyist, who prepared it for the
» printers. Even then two revisions
were sometimes made before the copy
finally reached the compositors.
Nowadays stenographers and type
xrriters have made chirography al
T^gt a “lost art.” A busy man signs
hi. name and that is about as far as
hi. use of pen or pencil extends. It is
>• longer considered necessary to
■ apologize for writing a poor hand,
since there is seldom any need to ex
hibit one’s deficiency in that regard,
except in social correspondence. The
man who takes pride in the illegible
signature he puts on a hotel register
is as easy to read as anybody else in
his business correspondence, because
it is written on a machine.
A few old-fashioned authors still
use a pen or pencil for writing books,
but the plutocrats of the profession
are those who can make a typewriter
“smoke” between breakfast and
lunch, devoting the afternoon to chas
ing a golf ball over the links and the
evenings to posing in a conspicuous
part of somebody’s drawing room.
People have about decided that life is
too short to bother one’s head over
acquiring a copperplate style of
handwriting. Most of the chirography
nowadays is a hasty scrawl, done with
a full realization of the valuable time
that is lost in not using a machine.
The click of typewriters is heard ev
erywhere. The temper of compositors
has improved greatly and it is now
possible to learn the contents of the
average letter at a glance, instead of
sitting down to puzzle over i’s that
are not dotted, t’s that are not crossed
and n’s that look like u’s.
Enthusiasm in University^Movement
The hot weather is having no ener
vating effect upon the Methodist uni
versity movement. The Chamber of
Commerce leaders who are enlisted
in the cause are not only brimful of
enthusiasm, but they are working
with a feeling of confidence that
Three cities have been mentioned
as candidates for the great university
to be established, but the contest is
practically between Birmingham and
Atlanta. Columbia, S. C., is a dis
tinguished old town. It breathes an
atmosphere of rare culture; but the
university must be centrally located,
and South Carolina is too far east. As
has been said frequently, Birmingham
is the logical city from a geographical
point of view. And then, too, it of
fers a site that is ideal.
The modern university prospers bet
ter in a large city than in a small
city. Columbia university in New
York and Chicago university thrive
as they do largely because of their
great city environment. Birmingham
and Atlanta have now about the same
population, but the census bureau
gives credit to Birmingham for a more
rapid rate of growth, and it is plain
to see that in the next census this city
will outstrip the Georgia city. Any
university built and developed on an
extensive scale must look into the fu
ture. There are young here who
will live to see the Birmingham dis
trict with a population of 1,000,000.
Certain it is that Birmingham will
cross the 1,000,000 mark before any
Aher southern city comes anywhere
As the location of the university is
o be decided on or about July 15 what
ever is done by Birmingham in the
way of raising money as an induce
ment must be done with dispatch.
Preliminary plans have been well laid.
It is now for the business men of Bir
mingham, who will be greatly bene
fited by the building of the splendid
university here, to subscribe liberally.
Crop Moving Money
The federal reserve bank system
will not be in operation until Septem
ber 1—too late to be of benefit to the
banks and farmers in moving this
But Secretary of the Treasurer Mc
Adoo will be ready to lend the banks
government money for crop moving
purposes. He relieved the banking
situation last fall by a voluntary and
generous offer to lend out of the
treasury all the money that could pos
sibly be needed. And the fact that his
offer will be repeated will eliminate
now as it did in 1918 thf old time
strain caused by tight money in the
late summer and early autumn.
Next year the federal reserve board
will be in thorough working order and
will then be expected to take care of
the crop moving situation. In the
meantime the country is fortunate in
having a Secretary of the Treasury
of Mr. McAdoo’s liberal and con
structive views as applied to practical
General Villa’s Victory
The capture of Zacatecas, the fed
eral stronghold, by the constitutional
ists, was a staggering blow to Huerta.
Fhe federals seem to have lost heavily
in men, while the loss of the constitu
tionalists was comparatively light.
The city was captured after several
Jays of fighting. This decisive
achievement will probably mark the
beginning of the end.
The mediators at Niagara Falls
have been optimistic ever since tak
ing up their task, more optimistic
than the public has ever been, and now
their optimism seems to receive justi
fication. The establishment of a new
provisional government is promised
while unhappy Mexico is being paci
fied and made ready for a general
President Wilson’s “patient wait
ing” policy has prevented a declara
tion of war on Mexico. It seemed at
would have to send an army to Mexico
City and occupy the country until a
stable government was set up; but
if mediation succeeds thousands of
American lives will be spared and mil
lions of dollars saved. It was neces
sary for the United States to occupy
Vera Cruz, but if further intervention
can be honorably avoided, President
Wilson will have scored a signal
W. If. N. Young, 73 years old, who Is
known on the Pacific coast as the “lot
tery king," has been released from jail
where ho was sentenced to serve IDS days
for violating tlte lottery law. Young has
promised never again to sell a lottery
ticket. More titan 30 years ago, while
lie was working in San Francisco,
Young’s closest friend, a man named
Edwin Shaw, bought a \ lottery ticket
and won several hundred dollars. He
kept playing the lottery until he had won
$75,000. He Invested tlie money in land
H at- has since made him ’very rich.
Young decided to try his luck in tile
lottery, and in the first six months of
his play he won a capita! prize of $15,000.
I Miring the next live years he won $12,
JOO more, and Invested Ills money in an
irehard near Los Angeles. He continued
lo play the lottery in a small way, how
ever, and in the course of lime he was
made an agent. His orchard was not a
success, so lie came to Los Angeles and
established headquarters for the lottery
itaflic. With an old gray horse hitched
.o an unpainted buggy, he used to. travel
’ll rough southern California selling lot
tery tickets. People along his routes
used to wait for him. buying tlie tickets
lltey hoped would bring fortune. in
course of time the authorities learned
Hint he was a lottery agent, lie was ar
rested a number of times, hut was al
ways released when he had paid a line.
The prospect of having to serve a long
fail sentence daunted the old man, and
he decided to retire.
The Hon. Tyrus Cobb will lie out of
rile game It) days as result of an injury
received in a fisticuff. Great men
Bhouhl remember that their fists don’t
belong to themselves, hut. to the public.
Senator O’Gornian says his notion of
ait Ideal life is to lie the proprietor of a
second-hand bookstore. No doubt there
are ambitious persons in his state who
would be glud to see his wish gratified.
It is hard for the man who carries all
:>f his available cash In his vest pocket
to understand why it should require
three years for some people to estimate
how much they are worth.
The term “swollen fortune" is merely
relative. In the mountain districts of
the soutli, it means any amount a man
has left after he settles his account with
the village storekeeper.
The Rotarians in convention as
sembled at Houston have heard some
gcod things said about Birmingham
?ven if this city has to wait awhile
for the big meeting.
The man who stole Mona Lisa was
sentenced to a year and 15 days in prison,
ivhieh will give him plenty of time to
■onsider the offers of vaudeville man
Senator Chilton of West Virginia can
hlay mountain tunes on a fiddle, but
there there is no reason to believe that
le aspires to become a Chautauqua star.
“Women are braver than men,” says
t preacher, who is evidently prepared to
lisepunt their antics in the presence of
Villa started in life as a butcher, and is
inspected of having been the kind of
Dutcher who weighs his hand with the
If Colonel Roosevelt were called into
consultation at Niagara Falls, it wouldn’t
take him long to put tlte “me’’ In medi
If hot nights keep you from sleep
mg. Just think of those fine cool
tights that will come ere long.
Plans are already under way to lilame
he administration If the America’s cup
s lost in September.
Now is the time to bring psychol
tgy to bear on high temperature.
From the New York American.
The debts of the leading nations of tlte
tvorld are as follows, in round numbers:
United States, $1,200,00,000; Great Britain,
(3,000,000,000; Russia, $5,000,000,000; France,
(5,200,000,000; German Empire, $1,240 000,000;
Australia, $1,480,000,000; Canada, $400,000,
900. The United States is not only the
richest country in the world, but has
greater wealth than any other two coun
tries on earth combined.
LUKE M’LUKE SAYS
From tlte Cincinnati Enquirer.
When you are classifying the useless
noises don’t forget that made by a hus
band who is objecting to som»thlng his
wife has made up her mind to do.
A bathing suit is supposed to be too
Immodest to wear at a reception. But
when a girl gets Into an evening gown
her chest and back are exposed about six
Inches further south than the tan line
that marks the neck of her bathing suit.
As a rule, if you will give a man plenty
to drink with his dinner he won’t holler
much about the cooking.
It always makes an iceman grin when
the scarecrow he sees In the kitchen every
morning goes down the street dolled up
like a circus band wagon and ignores him.
The trouble with a family -skeleton is
that it always starts to rattle when there
are nosey neighbors in the house.
A fellow will spend the two weeks’ sal
ary he drew In advance and then come
back and talk about having spent ills va
A girl is usually smart enough to know
too much to pretend site does.
If all the reformers and prohibitionists
expect to enter the pearly gates there are
going to be a lot of red-nosed angels.
Never tell a man anything for his own
good. You are wasting his time and
A mere man can’t understand It when
Ihe women say that skirts are no longer
worn full. They all look well filled to
IN HOTEL LOBBIES
The (■ooMelxine Prophet
“My prediction is that we will have an
electric storm next Sunday and that after
a cooling spell of short duration, high
temperature will return and remain until
about the middle of July,” said an old
“According to my notion, we will have
delightful weather the latter part of July
and throughout the entire month of Au
gust. If we have had the hottest June
that anybody can remember, there will
he ample compensation in the compara
tively lower temperature that will prevail
during the last six or seven weeks of the
IliiNineM* More \ctlve
Inhere has been a steady improve
ment in business all this month and
tlie outlook for July is very promis
ing. said W. \\\ Connors of Chicago.
“The west is starting on a healthy
boom based on the enormous crops.
Business in that section is more ac
tive today than it has been for several
I he south also will he in the boom
class lor the eropa in several states
art- record breakers and in few of them
are crops poor. The money value of the
south’s farm products this year will be
larger, no doubt, than in any previous
year. If that turns out to he so pros
pect with a big I* will result.
“I was in Oklahoma recently and
everybody in that state is jubilant over
the great crops. Oklahoma has had
crop failures for several years in suc
cession, but one bumper harvest is
making the people forget the hard
times of the past. When Oklahoma
dot's have a good season, it beats any
slate that 1 know of in getting on its
!'leuniire of Suburban Life
“Birmingham is far ahead of oilier
southern cities in the number and at
tractiveness of its outlying residence
sections,” said Ji. F. Jones, who has
recently built a home at Roebuck
“Many residences have been built in
that neighborhood recently, and many
more are to he built within tlie next
12 months. Engrossed in business in
town as I am, a garden and a pas
ture in the suburbs delight me. I
love to work in the garden in the
morning. This exercise is equal to
a fine tonic. 1 have about three and
a half acres, and for a man of my
fondness for the country Roebuck is
a real joy.”
HiinIc nl the Tutwiler
“Many music lovers are enjoying tlie
daily programmes rendered at the Tut
wiler,’* said a well known citizen. “Not
only are the musicians of a high class,
but the music they play is beautiful
and of real artistic merit.
“T have taken three meals at the
Tutwiler, and have never yet heard
the orchestra play any music that was
not such as delight persons of musical
taste. During the winter season the
Tutwiler musicians will doubtless give
us a series of chamber concerts. While
much of tlie old chamber music is se
verely classic, some is tuneful enough
to come under the head of popular
music; and the great modern composers,
Tschaikowski, Dvorak and others have
written with great charm in the
lighter vein for chamber bands.”
Prohibition \gltatloii In Virginia
“The Anti-Saloon leaguers in Virginia
seems to be confident that they win carry
the electians- in September for state-wide
prohibition, but I am inclined to think
that local option will win by a small
majority,” said Rufus N. Clinton of Phil
“I am not connected in any way with
the liquor business, but'visiting Virginia
recently 1 naturally became interested in
the state-wide prohibition campaign.
Business men in Richmond and two or
three other Virginia cities seemed to be
almost solid against the state-wide prop
osition. Virginia is now almost dry under
local option law. If it should go entirely
dry Richmond would be seriously affected,
for It has a very large wholesale liquor
trade. V hat strikes me as an argument
against the state-wide prohibition move
ment in the Old Dominion is the fact
that Georgia is about to amend its pro
hibition laws, and the further fact that
Alabama, after trying state-wide prohibi
tion, returned to the local option column.
“Georgia has never known what real
prohibition was, because beer—called
near-beer—was allowed to be sold under
license, and in Savannah and maybe two
or three other cities, whisky was dis
pensed freely. If Georgia prohibition had
been of the drastic kind such as Ala
bama had, the law would have been
repealed before this.
“I understand that Memphis is one of
the dullest towns in the country since
real prohibition has been in force. Of
course Memphis will have blind tigers
galore, but the illicit traffic in liquor
always presents an ugly situation. No
matter what may be said against the
saloons every man who comes from a big
city must see that high license in cities
the size of Richmond, Atlanta, Birming
ham and Memphis offers the best solu
Segregation of the Races
“The Avondale park and zoo proposi
tion, wherein the negro population of the
city is denied the use of that park for a
picnic, and a view of the animals, sug
gests the thought that the whites of Bir
mingham should be as thoughtful of the
rights of the colored people as they are
of their own," said a prominent white
"I afn strongly in favor of a segrega
tion of the two races, but I believe in
consistency, and am impressed with the
idea that all taxes for the support of
public institutions are not derived from
whites, but that the colored population
of Birmingham pays much to the public
exchequer, and if parks are supported for
tlie public in any measure the negroes
should have a large park of their own,
supported to some extent by public funds.
“It is a lamentable fact that often seats
set aside for colored people In street cars
are occupied by whites, and that eleva
tors in some of the skyscrapers provided
for the colored are often used by
whites, while the negro Is never allowed
the use of apartments intended for
whites. This is all wrong, and there
should be some rule or law provided by
the city commissioners for a lair deal
in this respect. Let each race keep Its
own position and pleasant relations will
ever exist between the two races in Bir
mingham. Let us be fair and just.”
THE STRUGGLE FOR GOLD
From the Washington Herald.
With much of our gold going to
Europe as a result of the unfavorable
trade balance; with Germany, Russia
and France hoarding their supply, and
England possessed of a system
whereby hoarding becomes unneces
sary, the United States will be com
pelled to match Its wits against the
world to prevent steady impairment of
its own gold supply.
It is perfectly proper that there
should he on the federal reserve board
a professor of economics, but the
greatest need of the board is the ap
pointment of men trained in business
and financial relations, practical men
who have dealt in securities at home
and abroad and who will know how to
handle the big international problems
It would be little less than a calam
ity if a theorist were appointed as
governor of the federal reserve board.
Mr. Warburg, with his connection with
Kuhn, Loeb & Co., is thoroughly
versed in International banking, but
because of his connection with a house
with a foreign branch, his appoint
ment as governor might possibly
Mr. Harding, the long term member
of the board, appointed from Alabama.
hasAhe experience and the skill re
quired for a successful governor, and
were he appointed It would be a long
step toward restoring confidence in
the banking world. It is certain, how
ever, that the bankers will not take
kindly to the appointment of any man
without practical experience. The sit
uation with regard to the gold supply
is threatening to become acute and a
man of practical experience will be re
quired to guide the system over the
IN KIPLING’S INDIA
Dr. Arley Munson, in the Bookman.
It is said that the Burmese are the hap
piest people on earth. It is not hard to
bel ieve this when one hears the merry
talk and laughter and sees the bright
faces and care-free, indolent air of these
little brown people who are decked with
fragrant flowers and clad in silk of the
gayest colors, pink, scarlet, green, yellow
and magenta. Their flattened features
show their relation to the Mongolian;
and always in the mouth, whether of
man, woman or child, you see the big
greenish-white cheroot, for the Burmese
baby learns to smoke when it learns to
Interesting are the timber yards where
the elephants act as coolies:
Elephants a-pilin' teak
In the sludgy, squdgy creek.
The clear-eyed intelligence of the great
beasts in lifting and stacking in regular
order tlie logs of teak, which often weigh
more than a ton, is wonderful. Watching
the “foreman elephant” pushing the log
into the exact place, one almost believes
the story which somewtie near by is sure
to tell, that he frequently squints one eye
to see that the log lies true.
DELCASSE “COMES BACK”
From the Philadelphia Record.
M. Deleasse, the “strong man” of
[France, after a rather lengthy period
of obscuration, again takes a seat in
the French cabinet. He was minister of
foreign affairs at the time when the
dispatch of a German naval squadron
to Agadir threatened a European con
flict over Morocco; in fact, M. Deleasse
was the originator of the policy of
"peaceful penetration,” which lutf, made
France practically master of the Moor
ish sultanate. Germany had to be ap
peased by the sacrifice of the offensive
French minister of foreign affairs, and
since then M. Deleasse has been in
j eclipse. The international alliances
which he made have not been weakened'"
however, and his emergence and accep
tance of the ministry of the marine may
presage the resumption by France of
an advanced position as a naval power.
The new cabinet as a whole is strong
and includes, besides Deleasse, such pol
jitical stars as Ribot, who is premier,
and Leon Bourgeois, minister of foreign
THE MEXICAN FLAG
From the Indianapolis News.
The flag of Mexico is the mate of the
Italian tri-color, though the green of Italy
is paler than that of Mexico. The three
colors are green, white and red. On the
white in the Mexican flag is the seal of
Mexico. It shows an eagle on a bush or
branch of nopal—a common cactus—hold
ing a serpent in his beak. The interpre
! tation, says the Christian Science Monitor,
is sometimes given that this is the serpent
j of despotism, but the legend of the seal
i goes*Jurther back than the despotism of
the Spaniards. The story is that during
| the time of the Aztecs the people were
loking for a place to found their city.
They came to the borders of Lake Tex
coco, and there they halted. They saw
! before them an immense golden eagle
some say a small eagle—on a cactus with
a serpent In its talons and its wings
spread to the rising sun. Forthwith they
laid there the foundation of the great city,
Tenochtitlan, which is the City of Mexico
of today. The date set for this, of course
conjectural, is about 1325.
HARMONY AND HYMNALS
From the Philadelphia Ledger.
In making a new hymnal for, all the
Lutheran bodies, the general council
of that denomination has taken a step
in the direction of federation. From
16 different hymnals, a new collection
has been culled, which best represents
the Lutheran theology.
The hymn book has always been a
meeting place of sects. Protestants
have no objejetion to singing Cardinal
Newmans “Lead, Kindly Light,” and
evangelical Christians unite in sing- j
ing “Nearer My God, to Thee,” written 1
by a Unitarian. Music eliminates doc
trinal differences. Theological state
ments emphasize them. Perhaps the
chief value of the hymnal is its con
tribution to church unity.
Incidentally it may be said that the
melody of church hymns might be
greatly improved, as well as the liter
ary value. Many good hymns have
been spoiled by poor melody, and oth
ers are destroyed by poor singers. The 1
model hymnal has not yet appeared.
From the Philadelphia Record.
We shall hear a lot about Gulteau's
curse now that the last of the Jurymen
who convicted him of murdering President!
Garfield has died. It Is, indeed, true that I
pretty much everybody who participated
in the trial and execution of Guiteau has
j been overtaken by death, but when we
! reflect on the time that has elapsed sines
his crime our wonder over the succes- !
sion of fatalities is abated and we are \
not impressed with the need of invoking 1
the supernatural In order to explain the'
procession of court officials who have
followed the murderer to the grave. John
P. Hamline, foreman of the jury, un
doubtedly shared In the malediction of
the assassin, but as he died at the age
of 90 and survived the conviction of the
i murderer for 3 years a skeptic may be ex-!
I cused for saying that he would have died
[just the same if he had not been cursed, i
ADRIFT WITH THE TIMES
He does not yearn for riches
That may be wrongly spent;
He plods along life's highway,
His heart tilled with content.
Great fame may never crown him,
Nor minions on him wait.
But he knows where fish are biting
And his backyard's full of bait.
A SERIOUS MATTER.
"The doctor looked grave when he came
"Yes. The patient he went to see owes
him for his services during a previous
"Tompkins, the floorwalker, gave him
self away at Mountain View."
"A woman asked him the way to the
spring and he said, Mineral water? The
first aisle to your left, madam.’ "
QUITE A JOB.
"Every Sunday Dobson buys three or
four Sunday newspapers and reads
"What else does he do on Sunday?"
"Good heaven, man! Do you think he
has time to do anything else?"
"Has this resort any special attrac
"Just now she's gone out to stroll with
A SUMMER FDIRT.
He said that he would love her
Until the stars grew cold;
His heart was madly beating,
It was the truth he told.
The maiden whispered softly
She'd leave him nevermore.
Now with another fello•/
She acts the same scene o'er.
"I do not sigh for riches."
"Umph! You consider yourself a philos
opher, I suppose?"
"Not particularly. I’m simply avers#
to wasting my breath.”
"Look here,” said the irate suburbanite
to Mr. Josh, of Josh & Bluster, real es
tate agents, "you persuaded me to buy
a lot at Swamphurst.”
"So I did,” answered Mr. Josh. "Any- v
thing wrong with it?”
“Just this: I expected to put a bung*»
low on that lot and not a houseboat!”
' A TIP TO PEDANTS.
The man who thinks the habitual use of
long words indicates superior intelligence
should glance over some of the old stuff
that was written 1000 years ago and lg
still being read.
We are not at all surprised to learn that
the residents of Little Neck, L. I., wish
the name of their town changed. It is
customary/ to refer to the citizens of New
York as “New Yorkers.” Chicago peo
ple are "Chicagoans” and Philadelphia
residents are "Philadelphians.” We may
even strain a point and speak of "Koko
mokoans” or "Kankakeeans,” but it is im
possible to apply a similar derivative to
the population of Little Neck without
adding insult to injury.
Oh, let us hasten to this play—
’Tis said the leading lady
At divers times has been quite gay
And has a past that’s shady.
GREAT TRIALS OF HISTORY
TRIAL OF CIIIS HOLM MURDERERS
ONE of the most revolting cfimes in
the United States during the past
century was the murder of the
Chisholm family at DeKalb, Miss., on
April 29, 1877. It was the outcome of the
peculiar sort of politics of that period
in Mississippi, and was a tragedy of a
feud that had existed for a number of
On Thursday evening, April 26, John W.
Gully, a prominent citizen of Kemper
county, was assassinated by an unknown
party. Evidence was given by two negroes
to the effect that the deed was done by
Benjamin Rush, a white man, who had
been instigated to it by Judge W. W.
Chisholm and several others. Chisholm
and his son John were arrested, and Mrs.
Chisholm and her daughter, Cornelia,
insisted upon sharing their confinement.
On the Sunday following a mob at
tacked the jail and Chisholm was mor
tally wounuded and his son and daughter
killed. Miss Chisholm in defending her
father shot and killed Dr. Rosser and Mrs.
Chisholm seriously wounded young Gully,
whose father had been killed. Those whom
the mob accused of being implicated with
Chisholm in the murder of Gully were
taken from the jail and hanged.
Henry J. Gully wras later arrested
charged with the shooting of Cornelia
Chisholm, and the trial was begun in
DeKalb on September 8, 1879. This Missis
sippi tragedy had so excited the country
that when the trial took place representa
tives of all the leading dailies were pres
ent as correspondents.
On the first day of the trial Mrs. Cnls
holm was the chief witness. She related
how Rosser had shot her son John, and
how’ another son, Clay, had carried the
dead boy down the jail stairs, and how
Cornelia, who had thrown her arms about !
her father to protect him, had been shot I
by Gully. Gully also later fired the fatal '
shot which killed the father.
Cornelia was carried home fatally
wounded, while Judge Chisholm was as
sisted home by his wife and young son.
Cornelia lingered until May 15, when she
died from the effects of her wounds.
Among the witnesses were Dr. Chamber
lain, who had attended Cornelia. He tes
tified that she died from the effects of
her w’ounds; that, one of the bones of her
leg was injured, and two of the bones of
her arm were broken by buckshot, and
that she was wounded in the face by some
blunt instrucent, and that no treatment
could have saved her life.
The state made an effort to establish a
conspiracy on the party of Gully and oth
ers to kill Chisholm, Gilmer and Rosen
baum, and that in carrying it into effect
they killed Cornelia and other parties.
On this point the state gained no strength. (
Among the declarations made after the
killing of Chisholm going to show a con
spiracy was one by the defendant that
“We have done, what we came to do,” and
that “If there is any hanging to be done,
here is my neck.”
The defense closed its case at 5:30 p. m.
on September 10, and at 10 o'clock on the
following morning the testimony was
closed. District Attorney Ford, in sum
moning up, attempted to show a con
spiracy on the part of Henry J. Gully, the
defendant, and others to murder Judge
Chisholm, and that in carrying their de
sign into effect Cornelia Chisholm was
killed. The strongest appeal for the pris
oner was made by Col. S. M. Meek of Co
lumbus, Miss., known as the “Eagle or
ator of Mississippi.” f
The case was continued until the morn
ing of September 12, when at 10:30 o’clock
Judge Morris closed his charge to th'e
jury. The 12 men at once retired and were
only out about half an hour when they
returned a verdict of not guilty, and the
political feud which had deprived a wife
of a husband and a mother of two chil
dren was at an end. At the time of the
trial Mrs. Chisholm resided in Washing
ton and she was accompanied to Missis
sippi by Gen. Stewart L. Woodford, an in
timate friend, who remained with hflff
during the trying ordeal.
TOMORROW—TRIAL OF MICHAEL EYRALD
Tuscaloosa News: We already have too
many state offices, and there is not the
slightest reason why the railroad com
mission could not supervise all the public
utilities. As Is well known and as It has
been clearly demonstrated by the freedom
with which railroad commissioners have
left the capitol, this commission Is not
overburdened with work. It would be well,
we believe, for the next session of the
legislature to pass an act changing the
railroad commission into a public utilities
commission with full power to regulate
not only the railroads, but also street
railways, telephone and telegraph sys
tems, waterworks companies, light and
power plants and any other businesses of
a public nature.
Florence Times: The question of a new
constitution for the state of Alabama has
been lately discussed among some of our
leading citizens. It appears that there are
so many things In the present constitu
tion that need changing that a new or
ganic law' In toto would be the proper
thing. One point at least should by all
means be changed, and that is the restric
tion of cities and towns to a tax rate al
together insufficient to run the municipal
government. This restriction has given
infinite trouble and seriously endangered
the credit of our cities.
MONEY INVESTED IN JEWELS
From the Argonaut.
Every now and then we get a glimpse
of the wealth Invested in Jewels. Max
Meyer of London, the well known dia
mond and pearl merchant, says that the
Parisian dealers are now holding $20,000,
000 worth of pearls, and that if they were
placed on the market they would have
nr, influence upon prices. But the pearls
held by.the French jewelers are insignifi
cant in quantity compared with those in
the possession of American dealers. “In
the great American cities Jewelers have
pearls whose worth aggregates more than
$200,000,000. There are plenty of buyers,
and in view of the fact that pearl fisheries
all over the world produce fewer line gems
than formerly I should say that prices
will be increased Instead of decreased in
the near future."
Mr. Meyer was the owner of the famous
string of pearls, valued at $675,000, that
was stolen while on the way from Paris
to London, and he has Just finished an
other necklace that is worth $1,600,000. It
consists of 200 pearls perfectly matched
in color and luster, one pearl alone costing
$100,000 and another $50,000.
THE OLDEST NEWSPAPER
From the Hartford Courant.
In a recent issue of Current Events ap
pears the statement that the oldest news
paper, which “still continues to be pub
lished” in this country, is the New Hamp
shire Gazette, founded in 1756. We cannot
let such a statement pass unnoticed by
the oldest newspaper In the United States
of continuous publication in the same
place and under the same name, and that
is the description of The Courant. This
paper was founded in 1764. It has been
continuously published ever since that
date. It has always been published in
Hartford, and it has always been The
Courant. The New Hampshire Gazette
suspended publication at one time and
changed its name several times, and is
now only the weekly annex to The Daily
DAMAGE DONE BY MILITANTS
London Correspondence Washington Post.
No official estimate *-r the total damage
done by the suffragettes Is available, but
in every case reported the value of prop
erty destroyed has been made public.
The serious outrages on property began
in 1912. Prior to that there were only
isolated cases of window breaking at the
residences of the premier, his cabinet
ministers and others.
The estimates of property destroyed are:
1912 . $ 40,000
1913 . 500,000
1914 . 4,000,000
Churches and historic mansions burned
and pictures slashed make up most of th-»
THE KENTUCKY CARDINAL
Sonnet in Memory of Will S. Hays, by
H. A. Cottell, in the Louisville Courier
As morning blushed and peered with
eye of gray,
Through orchard bough with May time
blossoms laden; %
A minstrel red from out the realm of
Poured from his heart a welcome to the
He sang his native song and flew away;
But never strain of Mozart, Uach or
Atuned to voice, or pipe, or string well
Could thrill the soul like that wild roun- *
In morn of life a simple song I heard
Sung by an untaught minstrel blithe and
Who held a magic like that early bird
That charmed me with’its artless melody
Like to that bird my minstrel took his
4a Aidenn now he hails the morning light.
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