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K£. W. BAJUUSTT.Kdltop Sintered al tne lJirniinKliain, Ala.. pOBtoffice as second class matter under act of Congress March 3. 1878. Dally and Sunday Age Herald—38.00 Dally and Sunday per month.70 Dally and Sunday, three months .. 2.00 Weekly Age-Herald, per annum.. .50 /Sunday Age-Herald . 2.00 A. J. Du ton, Jr., and u. D. Young are the only authorized traveling repre sentatives oC The Age-Herald in its circulation department. hio communication will be published without Ra author’s name. Rejected manuscript will not be returned unless •tamps are enclosed for that purpose. Remittances can be made at current rate of exchange. The Age-Herald will not be responsible for money seni through the mails. Address, THB AGE-HKRAi-U. Birmingham, Ala. Washington bureau. 207 Hibbs build- < tug. European bureau. 6 Henrietta .tree,, Covent Garden, London. Eastern business ollicfc, Rooms 4S toJ 60, Inclusive. Tiibuu. building. . York CKy; Western Dusiness office. Tribune building, Chicago. Tne b. C. Beckwith Special Agency, agent, loi elgn advertising. TELEPHONE Bell (private evchunitc connecting nil j departments). Main 4800. Wives may be merry, anil yet honest, j too. _Merry Wives of WIndsor. BEGINNING THE DAY—Every day, O Lord, may I hear anew Thy voice saying. Follow me. And may I j listen anil wonder nnd obey, eneh , time with new Joy nnd new resolve. Tench me how natural, liow inev itable that 1 should follow Theet for Thou host made me for Thyself nnd j my only rest Is nt Thy right hand, j In Thy name. Amen.—II. M. E. The County High School Now that the state commission has ■elected a site at Tarrant City for the Jefferson County High school, it only remains for the board of revenue to pledge itself to a liberal appropria tion to assure the construction of an adequate building. Even if ground were broken now it would be impossible to have the struc ture far enough advanced to make it available for school occupancy at the beginning of the fall term; but work should be started before the summer is ended in order that the building might be r.car enough completed by January for use. The county can well afford to ap propriate $20,000 or $40,000. Some thing like $15,000 or $20,000 has been subscribed by private interests to ward the building fund. A large and fairly comfortable building c;w be erected for $50,000, but as the high school will be attended by boys and girls from Boyles and Inglenook as well as Tarrant, a building costing $75,000 would be not a bit too fine. No matter what the size of the building is to be, the plumbing should be of the best, and first class plumb ing costs. But no expenditure pays better in the end than that which makes for good sanitation. Conferring With Business Men One of the reasons which Wall street calamity howlers gave for their opposition to the democratic ad ministration was that President Wil son was only a theorist or doctrinaire and that he knew nothing of business affairs, and that not being in touch with business his legislative pro gramme was destructive instead of constructive. That was the talk of men who had always been allied with the republican party and would not admit that prosperity and democracy could go together. But President Wilson has proved himself to be a very practical man. He is a politician in the best sense of the term, and one of the most tact ful things he has done recently is holding conferences with representa tives of “big business.” At the beginning of his administra tion he made it plain that his pur pose would be to work out policies of benefit to the whole people. He had no desire then, nor has he now, to op pose large business interests further than to curb by law the encroachments of monopoly deemed dangerous. Many difficult problems relating to business conditions confronted him. When the President signed the Un derwood tariff bill and the banking and currency bill he had seen two great democratic measures enacted into law. The antitrust bills, after they become law, instead of injuring any honest business, no matter how large it is, will be accepted by broad minded men as wise and wholesome legislation. When the president had an hour's conference with J. P. Morgan, both he and the head of (he largest banking house in this country got a better un derstanding of each other's point of view- The discussion between the bead of the government and the Wall street man was not published. Mr. Wilson did not hesitate to intimate, however, that the conference was altogether agreeable to him, and ' \ Morgan gave his friends in Ne’ ' herstand that he was glad oi /tunity of talking with the Pres. j A Chicago Chamber o J Commerce delegation conferred with the Presi dent yesterday by appointment for an aochange of views on measures now \ % .i. pending before Congress. After the conference Joseph H. DeFrees, on be half of the Chicago delegation, issued a statement In which he said that "the President, as we knew would be the case, gave us a considerate and open minded hearing,” and that the cham ber of commerce representatives were in turn "desirdhs of giving him and his administration, including Congress, such suggestions with regard to pend ing legislation ns we thought might be helpful, not only to lawmakers but to business generally.” That statement had the true ring. Today the President will hold sev eral conferences with business men, one of them with Henry Ford of Detroit. It may be assumed that Pres ident Wilson’s new method of learn ing from first hands of the attitude o£ manufacturers and financiers toward the administration will have an im mediate effect for good on the busi ness situation. Pessimists are now keeping quiet. Prosperity has come to stay, and Pres ident Wilson will get credit In the end for doing his part toward promot ing it. Well In the Lead In the south are many prosperous cities—cities that accumulate wealth and population steadily. They are progressive cities, too, and of these growing and progressive communities Birmingham is well in the lead. In the federal census of 1910 At lanta appeared with a population somewhat larger than Birmingham’s, but according to a recent census bu reau bulletin Birmingham is growing at a more rapid rate than Atlanta. Birmingham's schopl census nowr be ing taken will indicate a total popula tion of about 200,000. Atlanta may estimate its population at more than 200,000; but a school census, which is the most reliable basis for ascertain ing a city’s approximate population, would hardly bear Atlanta out in pop ulation figures so large. No matter, however, about the rela tive strength of the two cities now, there can be no question but what Bir mingham will outstrip every city in the south in the census of 1920, ex cepting New Orleans, and the time will come when Birmingham will be larger in population than even the Crescent City. Birmingham will be the first southern city to get into the 1,000,000 or near 1,000,000 class. But it should be a matter of general re joicing that the whole south is grow ing. Richmond, Atlanta, Chattanooga, Nashville, Memphis, Dallas and Hous ton as well as New Orleans and Bir mingham will show large increases in the next census. But it is safe to say that Birmingham's population six years hence will be close to 300,000, and no other city except New Orleans will reach that mark when the gov ernment makes its next enumeration. Until recent years Birmingham’s development was mainly based upon its industrial resources. But now it is reckoned with as a strong financial and mercantile center. It is also com ing to be widely known for .its beau tiful homes and for its singular at tractiveness as a residential city; and when we secure the Methodist univer sity Birmingham’s prestige will be wonderfully heightened, for this city will then be known as an educational center as well as the head of a man ufacturing district. It will be a great day for Birmingham when the an nouncement is made that this city has been declared the university winner. Organized public spirit always tells. Birmingham has developed fine civic pride, and the spirit of co-operation pervades its business life. Let this spirit continue, and nothing will be too big for Birmingham to undertake. German Actors Beaten Some astonishing testimony was heard in a recent damage suit brought at Munich by Ernst Strumpf, director of the Munich Folks’ theatre, against the publisher of a magazine. The magazine publisher had accused the director of mistreating his employes. After a number of witnesses had been heard the presiding judge said: ‘‘We have experienced a great deal in the courtrooms, but never before such tes timony as this process has brought to light. The poorest workingmen are better off than these actors. Working men would not endure such ‘treat ment.” It was proved that Strumpf was ac customed to strike and kick actors and lash them with a whip. Women were engaged at salaries ranging from $15 to $22.50 a month and were required to furnish their own wardrobes, de spite the fact that the theatre was very profitable and Strumpf a rich man. The director struck a woman prompter in the face with a bunch of keys and his conduct toward the wom en of his company was such that the public was excluded from the court room while this part of the testimony was being taken. The magazine publisher was ac quitted. The costs were placed on Strumpf and he will also be deprived of his concession as a theatre man ager. The actors who submitted to this extraordinary treatment ex plained that they were helpless to re sist on account of the conditions in their profession. There is no organ ization to make resistance effective and they bore mistreatment for the sake of earning a bare living. With such a state of affairs pre vailing in Germany, actors in this country who think they are downtrod den should take heart. There is now an actors’ union for keeping mana gers “within proper bounds,’’ but even before this organization was perfected nothing even remotely approximating the condition of stage folk in Germany was known in the United States. The testimony given against the Munich director is almost incredible. The Countess Von Waldersee, formerly Miss Ksther Lee of New York, who died recently In Hanover, had the distinction of being the only American woman who was ever a princess In her own right. The countess was the third daughter of David Dee, a wealthy merchant, and was born October 3, 1838. At 28 years of age rhe mnrried the septuagenarian Count Von Xoer, whose real title was Prlnc^ Frederick of Schleswig-Holstein. He re linquished that title to marry Miss Dee, who was famous for her beauty. He took the title of Count Von Noer from his estates in Austria. He lived but eight months after his marriage and left the countess a fortune of $4,000,000. After the count’s death the Emperor of Austria made the counters a princess. About eight years later she married Count Von Waldertiee, who afterward became a field marshal. He was a famous soldier and was In charge qf the allied forces during the Boxer prising in China. The mar ried life of the Count and the Countess Von Waldersee was very happy. Many of the honors bestowed on the count by Emperor William were attributed to her influence. According to a symposium held in Brus sels, the perfect woman must possess the figure of an American, the elegance of a Frenchwoman, the complexion of an Eng lish girl, the hair of an Austrian, the eye of on Italian and the profile of a Spaniard. Might as well give up the search. A sculptor called at the state depart ment to make a life mask of Secretary Bryan, but the Sescretary refused to let Ms mouth be closed with soapy clay. The idea of anybody trying to close that famous orifice for even a few minutes! It would not be surprising if King William of Albania should decide that he has had enough. Broncho Rusting would be preferable to his Job. A West Virginia town with an average of one arrest a year is going to build a jail. Something must be done with the taxpayers' money. The "King's cat” receives cer.tg a week for his support from the English government, but he and King George are not acquainted. The Russians are beginning to play football, but baiting the Jews continues to be a favorite outdoor sport in that country. A Denver woman lias left $25,000 for men who are "down and out.” That sum isn’t large enough to give them a dollar apiece. Huerta lias been re-elected president of Mexico. lie didn't have to make a single speech from the rear end of a train. A murderess in Sing Sing Is costing the state of New York $0<X> a month. And £ he isn’t exactly a guest of honor, either. Pottsvllle, Pa., is reported to be short of nickels. The local picture shows ought to have a few barrels on hand. If the Pied Piper of TTamelin is still in business he can get work to do in New Orleans. George Fred Williams has resigned, but he hasn't quit talking. EXPERIMENTING WISELY From the Douisville Herald. "Yes,” said the old African explorer, 'T once found myself in danger from a lion at a time when I had no weapon with which to protect myself. So I tried the very experiment which you have just suggested—of sitting down and staring at him.” "Ah!” exclaimed the scientist. "This is interesting. And did the experiment work?” "Perfectly—perfectly. Why, the lion didn’t even o$fer to touch me." The scientist rose to 1^3 feet Hi a state of great excitement and was beginning to bubble something about conformation of his theories, when the explorer inter-1 rupted. “You see,” he remarked, puffing con tentedly at his cigar, “I chose to sit on a high branch of a very tall tree.” LIKE M’LIKE MAYS From the Cincinnati Enquire. Before marriage they scorn money be cause it won’t buy love. But, later on they realize that it takes coin to get a divorce. Th^ reason why a mother knows that her s6n is going to be a great man is be cause his father isn’t. The man who thinks he can sing is a nuisance, but he is a line fellow when compared with the guy who imagines he is graceful. There is one good feature about mar ried life. Your wife can’t read your mind. What has become of the old-fashioned nan who used to order ham and eggs every time he went into a restaurant? The old-fashioned man who would rather fight tlan eat now las a son who al ways makes sure that there are six or seven of his friends present to hold him bock when he makes a pass at another n an. And what has become of the old-fash ioned parent who told his son that it hurt father more than it hurt son when he used the piddle? A man can make 50 mistakes a day, and that is all right. But if his wife forgets to send one of ids collars to the laundry he gets mad al lover. When they are courting, romance can choke the high cost of living until he yells “uncle.” But after they are mar ried old hi cost gets up and knocks the tar out of romance. They say tangoing makes the trousers bag at the knees. But only half the tangoers will be interested in this news. IN HOTEL LOBBIES Capitol Park 'Despite the fact that Birmingham’s police force is entirely too small in num bers, the city commission should see to it that at least one officer In uniform Is detailed for duty at Capitol -park on Tuesday and Friday nights and Sunday afternoons when the band plays," said a prominent citizen. ‘‘Music lovers. Including hundreds of tired men and women, go to the park to enjoy the concerts, but the same com plaint it made this summer that was heard at the beginning of last summer -the noise made by small children at play immediately around the bandstand. Parents might relieve the situation if they would by restraining the children, but a policeman should be on hand when ever a large crowd is assembled.” Lively Interest In Fishing "The fishing sport is taking on con siderable life," said a Nimrod, "and some very fine catches are being made. “During the present week two very fine bass have been taken from ‘Num ber 7,’ the T. C. I. lake near Pratt. .T. T. Yeager caught one with a live min now, weighing 5 pounds and 12 ounces. He brought it to the Birmingham Arms and Cycle company's store, where the heads of all big fish registered in the contest for the $25 prize outfit of tackle are on exhibition. “Wednesday a party of fishermen caught a 4-pound bass and two smaller ones at Number 7.’ “The bream are biting worms and sometimes roaches. The best time to fish for them Is the very early morn ing hours, from daylight to 8 o'clock, when they quit biting. As there Is a full moon now, merging into daylight, It makes motoring to the fishing grounds very delightful. The start Is usually about 3 a. m. with fishing at 4 a. m. or daybreak. "If we could have two good rainfalls the fishing would be fine. Then the bass would come to the hanks to feed and the top waters being cooled they would rise to the fly." Itlrinlnghnm and the Inlverslty rile team workers are meeting with good success in soliciting subscriptions for the Methodist university and I feel sure that Birmingham will be selected by the educational committee over anj^ other competitor," said a member of the Chamber of Commerce. "Whether the amount pledged Is brought up to $1,000,000 or not, the total wiN be much larger than any other city will offer. Atlanta does not seem to be making any organized ef fort to secure the university. One rea son given for Atlanta’s apparent in difference is that a $100,000 fund is being raised there for the Oeorgia Tech. “The Birmingham college property along with money subscribed In a re cent canvass represents an asset of fully $350,000. Tf our citizens subscribe now as much as $250,000 Birmingham’s of fer would equal $600,000, which is $100,000 more than Vanderbilt started with. "Richmond Is making a bid for the university. Virginia has a large Meth odist population and as Richmond is a very wealthy city and is in the habit of contributing generously to all worthy enterprises, nothing would be thought there of raising $1,000,000. But Richmond Is not central enough to be considered. Atlanta would be relatively central, but it is not as central as Bir mingham. Geographically speaking, Birmingham is emphatically the place; and I believe the commission will not only vote for Birmingham, but will be more than pleased at having the uni versity established here." St. Bernard College The Rev. Father Lawrence, O. S. B., of the St. Bernard faculty, Is acting pastor of the Church of the Blessed Sacrament, West End, during the absence of the Rev. Father Turner, who is spending his va cation in Ireland. Father Lawrence will be glad to meet boys or the parents of boys of college age who desire informa tion about St. Bernard. “We had a large student body last year and indications point to as many1 stu dents, if not more, in 1914-16,” said Father Lawrence. “St. Bernard has such a widely established reputation now that students come to us from nearly every state in the south. Cullman county, where St. Bernard college is situated, is famed for its healthfulness. While the college discipline is strict enougn for moral and educational purposes, it is not severe. We have no better friends than the boys themselves.” Large Cotton Crop “Showers have been quite general throughout the state and crops have Improved accordingly," said A1 C. Gar ber. “Cotton is doing well and the crop will be very large, notwithstanding the fact that the boll weevil is doing more harm this year than last. I estimate that the weevil will destroy 25 per cent of the crop in Alabama, but even so, it will be a bumper.” Fewer File* This Summer “The crusade against flies, which was started here several years ago, lias great ly diminished the number of disease car riers,” said a club man. “There are apparently fewer flies in Bir mingham this summer than ever before. While eating breakfast at the Ridgely cafe last Sunday I remarked the fac$ that riot a single fly made Its appearance. I belong to three clubs, and in each of them the fly is conspicuous by its absence. All the hotel cafes, I am told, are wellnlgh flyless, and the same may be said of most of the lunch counter places; all of which speaks well for the swatter and the effectiveness of screening.” Marked Improvement In BuMlnens “There has been marked improvement in business conditions within the last three weeks,” said W. W. Carr of Chi cago. “Every week we note a difference for the better and before the end of the | present month business all over this coun try will be booming. “In the middle west there has never j been the complaint about hard limes that was heard In New York; but today op timism seeing to prevyll even in the east.” ON A BIG STEAMER’S BRIDGE Fiom Leslie's Weekly. A visit to the bridge of a great steam ship is an educational treat for those who are so fortunate as to receive an in vitation from its commander. The Vater land has a commodore—Hans Ruser—and four cai tains. The commander’s voice on the bridge sounds the last word. It i3 the ship’s unquestioned and unchal lenged law. From his commanding point of vantage the captain surveys the sea. In the center of the bridge stands the steersman. The captain patrols the bridge, watches the outlook ahd sees that the vessel obeys its compass. He is not onlj at the helm to guide, but he is on the bridge to direct. He .nay look forward, but knows what is behind him, and what i.i going on bsieath. A speedometer—a it fienious and compact turbine arrange ment that drops into the water from the lit 11—records the vessel’s speed on the bridge, and constantly tells the distance it has lun. Another dial reports the rev olutions of the gr* at mrbine engln^fthat furnish the motor power. As I watched It recorded 1^0 revolutions of the propellers every minutes and each of these propel- j lers measures nearly 20 feet In diameter j and weighs 30,000 pounds. The draft of the ship is always recorded on the bridge, j Tubes l*d from every part of the vessel to the bridge, and puffs of air come at quick intervals, so that if the slightest fire breaks out, the smoke at once appears to meet the captaln’3 eye. Telephones reach in every direction and speak with a loud voice, so that the commander and all his lieutenants can hear? While the bulkheads can be closed from below, not one of them can be moved without a visible record of its operations before the officers of the bridge, and in an emergency they can with one stroke of a lever close every bulkhead. If an elec tric light goes out below the captain ki.cws it, for a little signal on the bridge tells him of it. A multitude of devises, as familiar to the captain as the alphabet, puzzle the visitor, but every one has its use THE TIPPING EVIL From the Washington Herald. So long as the purchasing public re wards tipping merely as a necessary nuis ance, there is not likely to be any im | prevement in the condition of this national evil. Most people are apt to overlook the real slgniflcanse of the growth of the tipping evil, falling to recognize that it Is the parent of larger graft and immor ality. The tipping system is undermining the national sense of honjsty and fair play. It is teaching those who can afford to pay that they ran buy for themselves the servility of their fellow men. It is teach ing those who receive the money that they can thrive by discriminating against those wrho will not yield tribute. Even lr fashionable houses where week end parties are given, the servants have ceme to expect tips from the guests. The hardest problem with which the house committees of clubs are compelled to struggle is the tipping evil. It is adding inestimably, to the cost of living. If men and women would realize that every time they give a tip they are im pairing tiie service that will be rendered to other men and women who cannot af ford to give money away, they might bo less prone to foster the evil. Tipping in itself may not be an offense against morality, but it is the precursor of graft and blackmail. A tip Is a bribe for better service than the employe is paid to ren der. When the empioye expects a tip and does not get it, he frequently resorts to petty methods not very much different ^rom blackmail. Efforts to regulate or destroy the tip ping practice have so far been unsuccess ful. The present revival of the cam paign gives little promise of results. The people must first appreciate the effects of the evil. After a while, perhaps, the public, Including those who receive as wel as give, may realize that honest ser vice should not he confused with con tributions which are an imposition upon him who gives and legrading to him who receives. PERSPfUlNG WASHINGTON HEROES From the Indianapolis Star. It w-as a touching picture the President painted, in his Philadelphia address, of the patriotism of our lawmakers in AVnshington. It was well done—in fact, it has been done to death. It falls to wring the heart of the people to be told, even when the one teling it w’ounds on the table on which the Declaration of In dependence was written, that “there are men in Washington whose patriotism is not showy but who accomplish great pa triotic things. They are staying in hot Washington doing their duty, keeping a ouorum in each house of Congress to do business.’’ The congressman has been patted on the back so much and called a patriot so often during the last year that he will begin to believe he really is entitled to one of those Carnegie medals for remaining in Wash ington when warm w’eather comes. Why should he not say, if there is work to be done? He is paid to legislate when leg islation is needed, not merely w'hen it suits his convenience or the weather is pleasant. There are a third of a million people who are in Washington all the year. Many of them are clerks working in governmental departments on small salaries. They are doing their duty, too, but no one ever seems to think of their heroism. There are milions of people living in portions of the United States that are larther south and just as hot as Wash ington. They are toiling to make a liv ing for themselves and their familVs. They are raising the cotton and carrying on an important part of the commerce of the nation. Few of them have electric fans and ice water, still they work on and make nc claim to heroism. But the moment a member of Congress begins to perspire he and his admirers act. as if he were shedding his life's blood in the cause of the republic. It is a woh der sonje admirer has not proposed over time, double play, pensions or something to compensate when the capitol’s ther mometer registers more than 80. A GEORGIA SBE-SAW From the Cleveland Plain Dealer. If American politics affordB another see-saw like that of Hoke Smith and "Joe’’ Browm of Georgia it has escaped general attention. For all practical pur poses it may be assumed that no parallel exists; Gea/kla and the Smith-Brown rivalry siands unique. Hoke Smith is senator from Georgia; “Jce” Brown wants to be. That last statement is superfluous, though. What- j ever Smith happens to be at the moment,1 Brown wants to be. Or if at the time It | is Erown who happens to hold the office, It is Smith who longs to displace him. It verks both ways—perpetually. Senator Smith w-as in Cleveland’s cab inet, breaking away from the President in 18% to support Brykin. Brown not holding any desirable office at the time and •the Bryan cxporirrjpnt not proving popular, Smith was quiet for 10 years. Then in 1906 Smith was elected gov error. Drown was chairman of the state railroad commission .md Smith removed him. That persuaded Brown that he, not Smith, ought to be governor. According ly, Brown became governor, defeating Smith. Two /ears lat jr the two me n met again. This time Smith defeated Brpwn. Before orother two years tame around Smith had become senator and Brown became governor once more. It probably seemed ui natural to him. for he did not win over Smith. And now Smith’s senatorial term nears an end. Of course, up bobs Brown to contest the seat with him. The primary decides the issue, and, as an exchange suggests, it looks as If It were Brown’s turn to win. ADRIFT WITH THE TIM NO PIKER. "Of course you know what our curri culum is?” said the head of a young woman's finishing school to Mr. New rocks, who had called to enter his daugh ter. "No. I don't,” answered Mr. Newrocks, "but put that in the bill, too, and I'll pay for It.” PERMISSION GRANTED. "When may I expect you to pay me what you owe me?” "At any time when you are optimistic.” LITERALLY TRUE. "I understand your boy came through college with flying colors.” "In one way he did. He has the largest collection of pennants I ever saw.” WEIRD OFFSPRING. "I saw Twobble out yesterday pushing his twins about in a perambulator.” "Well?” "And I was reminded of a slang phrase." "What was it?” " Shoving the queer.' ” A NIGHTMARE. The captain of a polo team Slept once and had a dreadful dream. He thought he met with great reverses And muttered unavailing curses. His pony made a dizzy round, But never seemed to touch the ground, Nor could it ever be directed To where the ball had been projected. A ragtime tune dinned in his ears, Ail down his cheeks coursed bitter tears. He found his mount was made of wood And stiffly on a platform stood, Which whirled about a central station While children whooped In jubilation. This hapless man, the truth to tell, Thougiit he wan on a carrousel. GOING THE GA “You say he threw away his patri mony?” “Yes, and threw himself after it.” If you would play a part in life To make the w?orld admire you, Stick to your job and to your wife And don’t let either tire you. GRILLING HUBBY. When wlfey says, “Now', answer me,” That’s niatrlmo Ny's “third degree.” PA EXPLAINS. “Pa, what is a strategical error?” “That's the kind of error your father makes, my boy. when your mother is giv ing a party and he forgets to enter the house by the back door.” FAT. It takes a fat man to escape The traps for husbands baited; For when the women see his shape They’re not infatuated —Cincinnati Enquirer. Yet if he happen to possess A portly purse—w’hy, then, Bir He’s not, despite his pudginess. More safe than other men, sir. —Boston Transcript. And should be struggle to escape And try to play a part calm , Seme woman makes ihe country gape By suing him for “heart balm.” REDUCING HIGH COST OF LIVING. Congratulations to Miami, Ariz., which is now blowing the foam off 5-cent beer. The price was formerly 15 cents. The (thirsty citizens of Miami hailed the new order of things with banners flying and a band playing lively tunes. No wonder they rejoice. WTien more favored com munities are paying only 6 cents for a glufs of beer with a “snack” thrown in, it is painful to think cf anybody being mulcted three times that amount. P. C. GREAT TRIALS OF HISTORY TRIAL OF REY ABDUCTORS ONE of the mast sensational cases of abduction by the government of one country of a prisoner who at the time residing In another, Is the celebrated Key case, which took place In the summer of 1849, and Which nearly caused a rupture between the United States government and Spain. When the Spanish consul at New Or leans, Don Carlos de Espana, fcas arrest ed as an accessory, there was a ripple of excitement al lover the country, for the kidnaping had taken on a political and international aspect. The kidnaped was Jean Francis Rey, alias Garcia, a Cuban refugee. Though not a common thing, at that period, the arrest of a commercial agent of a foreign government was a proceeding undreamed of by the Amer ican people, and consequently the arrest, and coupled with the announcement that no effort would be spared by Cuban sym pathizers to secure the meting out of a proper punishment to the guilty parties, could not but cause a ripple in public opinion and provoke much discussion as to its final outcome. Key’s crime against the dignity of Spain consisted in the betrayal of a trust reposed in him as a keeper of the Pre sidio at the time when the revolutionary agitation was terminated and the Lopez invasion wall in its infancy. It appears that one Vincent Fernandez had been convicted of fraudulent bank ruptcy and had been sentenced to a term at hard labor in the Presidio, which is the Cuban penitentiary. In company with Fernandez were two Cubans who had been sentenced to death for certain actions deemeef revolutionary. It was for them that Rey hart *red his trust. Late one night a small boat hovered around the prison. At a given signal It made its way to a side entrance from which four men emerged. Fernandez, the Cuban con victs and Rey, who, fearing the vengeance of his superiors, sought safety in flight. The party succeeded in reaching the Florida, coast, where .hey separated, Rey taking up a residence in New Orleans. Shortly after hia arrival he became 111 and was confined to ills bed. The Spanish authorities were on his track and dis covered that he lived in a small lodging house. They gave direction to the consul general that he should be taken and brought to Havana to stand trial. To do this a scheme was concocted to kidi ap him. Several confederates got into his good graces and persuaded him to discharge his physician, and when tlUs was done they introduced Rey to Don Carlos de'Espana, the consul, as a cele brated physicia 1 of the city. The consul mode a pretense of 'prescribing for him for several days, and then he persuaded TOMORROW—TRIAL OF A BONAPARTE mmmimiimummmhmimimimmimimmmmimi LONG TRIP* HALF-HOUR’S WORK From the New York Tribune. The Lamport and Holt liner Vauban brought to port last night from Bahia, Brazil, an engineer who had just com pleted a 10,000-mile iourney to do a re pair job that required half an hour. The traveler was William R. Sonricker, employed by the Carbondale Machine com pany of Pittsburg, which has installed several refrigerating plants in Brazil and the Argentine. Several months ago the company re ceived a cable message from the Ross bach Brazil company of Pernambuco, stating that its refrigerating plant had gone wrong, and no one in Pernambuco could repair it. Mr. Sonricker was sent at once to this cltyj where he boarded the Vuban, which landed him at Bahai, some 4500 miles from here and 600 miles south of Pernambuco. He boarded a northbound coast steam ship, which landed him at his destination. He ascertained the trouble^ with the plant and made repairs within half an hour. A dozen mechanics had taken the ma I chinery apart three 3mes before he ar rived, but could not repair it. Mr. Sonricker left Pernambuco in time to catch the Vuban on her northbound trip from Buenos Ayres. He thought the sea voyage of 48 days, covering 10,000 miles, was rather excessive for a half hour re pair job. OUR AMERICAN QUEENS ABROAD From the Philadelphia Ledger. The London Dally Graphic is led to eu logize “the typical American girl”—who ever she may be—as Importing into Old World society a new find stimulating at him to leave the house for an airing. Rey consented to do so, and ho had hardly reached the sidewalk before he was hur ried into a carriage and taken to a Span ish restaurant, where he was induced to drink. After they got him under the in fluence of liquor they hurried him on board a steamer, the Mary Ellen, which lay at the levee, and which immediately put to sea. Then the truth dawned on Rey. Little did the Spanish government dream, however, while concocting the plan that the poor Cuban refugee had power ful friends, who would makc^them suf fer for the outrage committed on Amer ican soli. The affair was instantly ) brought to the attention of the press, and 1 then there was a hue and cry and the national government was called upon to act in the matter. Key’s friends requested the recorder of New Orleans, Genois by name, to arrest Don Carlos as an accomplice, but lie re fused on account of the prominent posi tion the Spanish consul held In the city. Failing in this, on July 24, 1849, Don Jose Morante appeared before the United States government commissioners and swore out an affidavit charging Don Car los de Espana and three others with kid naping. and they were arrested and placde under $6000 hail to appear for examina tion Friday, July 27. Public interest was now aroused to its highest pitch. Quite an array of counsel was secured by both sides. A paper of the time stated: "The excitement was intense and the rooms and galleries were crowded to suffocation. Hundreds were unable to obtain admission to the trial and a large crow'd assembled in front of Hewlett’s exchange awaiting the result.” The trial lasted 14 days, the testimony bearing out the theory <5f the prosecu tion that the Spanish officials were the prime movers in the plot. At the close of the- argument a decision vfras rendered by the court referring the case to a higher tribunal for trial and this announcement was greeted with prolonged cheers. Don ^arlos and his confederates in the infam ous plot became a byword in the mouths of #11. President Taylor heeded the demands and instructions were forwarded to Gen eial Campbell, the United States consul at Havana, ordering him to demand the instant release and exportation of Rey, and to further inform the Cuban govern ment that in the event of a refusal force would be used. Spain was loath to yield, but when she awakened to a proper ap prehension of her position, Rey was re leased and returned to New Orleans. The Spanish consul, however, had sufficient influence in New Orleans to prevent an indictment being found against him. mosphere of ingenuous freshness and grace and beauty; but it is not -necessary for her to go abroad to be appreciated. She Is honored in her own country for her winsomeness and her singular adapta bility. She suffers by comparison, whether physical or spiritual or intellec tual, with none among the fairest and cleverest of foreigners. In any company she easily holds her own. It is impossible to itemize precisely ths qualities that compose the# fascinating personality of the typical American girl. Her name Is legion, and no part of our broad land has a valid claim to the monopoply of her presence. Each com munity has learned to admire and cherish its own ideal. But there are certain characteristics that distinguish alike the representative woman of west and east, soulh\ and north, and these amiable ex cellences which have won praise and homage for American women herfe have made the hitherto jaded and lustreless earth their willing captive. the: Li nes of night By Clinton Scollard. W hat time the dark the day immures. Night holds for me a myriad lures; The nestling mother note of birds, The plaintive lowing uf the herds; The faint earth attars, and the scent Of rose and lily redolent; The white wraith vapor drifting up, The moth above the primroee cup; The shallop moon, with stars In wake Reduplicated on the lake; • Chimes, and the wind a-flngerlng Its line aerial minstrel string; And then—and then—where shadows blur. Love, and the lifted .lps of her!