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E. W. BAKUE'rr.Editor Entered at tne Birmingham, Ala., pofttoffice as second class matter unuer act of Congress March 3. 13711. Daily and Sunday Age Herald—|#.uu Daily and Sunday per month.7U Daily and Sunday, three months .. 2.UU Weekly Age-Herald, per annum.. .6u • Sunday Age-Herald . 2.uu A. J. Eaton, Jr., and U. E. Young are the only authorised traveling repre sentatives of The Age-Herald in its circulation department. No communication will he published Without XX* author's name. Rejected manuscript will not he returned unless stamps are enclosed tor that purpose. Remittances can he made at current rate ot exchange. The Age-Herald will not be responsible for money sent through the mails. Address. THE AGK-HERAl-D. Birmingnaiu. Ala. Wasnmglon bureau. 201 ilibbs bulld Ifig. European bureau. 6 Henrietta street. Covent Garden, Houuon. Eastern business ollice. Rooms 48 to 60, inclusive. Tribune building, New Tork CRy; Western ousiness office. Tribune building. Chicago. Tne b. C. Beckwith Special Agency, agents for eien advertising. TEBE1*H4).\K Bell (prlT.te eaehs.ge eonnectlne all department* )• Mala 4DOO. Masters, I nin to dlseoiirse wonders. —Midsummer MghFs Dream. BKCIVMNG THE DAY—o l.ortl. preserve me from trying to do too raueh today. Remind me that It Is not him moeh, hut how well, how sweetly, how eoutentedly. Hint nvnlls. Remind me that there Is an other life In which I slinll labor, filve me to do my work quietly. For Jesus' snke. Ameu.—R. M. E. (Jraves Is Overwhelmed On assuming the chairmanship of the state democratic executive com- j mittee sometime ago, Bibb Graves de livered an address in which he pointed out several unfortunate conditions in Alabama which should be rectified. Inasmuch as his remarks were no more flambuoyant and sophomorical than those usually made by newly elected party leaders, inasmuch as he did not more grievously offend by naming evils without naming remedies than the average man would have offended, and inasmuch as he said nothing de serving of adverse criticism, The Age Herald joined in the general chorus of approval. Evidently, however, the speech of the new chairman was remarkable. It has been favorably digested by prac tically every one of the erudite edi tors of the rural weeklies—especially by those who see nothing salutary to be forthcoming in the nomination of Charles Henderson. Columns in praise of the chairman have been written. Certain of the more enthusiastic have complained that the chairman was not named to a fat office by the adminis tration at Washington, and others, perhaps even more enthusiastic, have practically demanded that at this hour he be given the bread of patronage. The following is from the Centre ville Press: “Gen. Bibb Graves has made a good start as chairman of the democratic executive committee. He has thrown out some wise suggestions, and the party will do well to follow his ad vice. He Is a progressive democrat of the Wilson variety. He and John D. McNeel did more than any other agen cies combined to get a majority of the Alabama delegates for Wilson as second choke, and the administration should recognize Bibli with as good sn appointment as that with which MeNeel has been recognized." To this lugubrious paragraph, the esteemed Montgomery Times adds the following: "General Graves will do his full duty wherever he may he placed, and he has done splendid and valuable service for the party. To him more than to any other man in Alabama is due the swinging of the Alabama del egation in line for Woodrow Wilson at Baltimore at the critical moment, and that made his nomination possible. He asked bread of the administration and It gave him a stone. “The very first opportunity that the people of Alabama had after that time General Graves was given a most flattering indorsement by the people of Alabama, and a democratic adminis tration owes it to itself to do th« fair thing by General Graves. He should have a good and suitable appointment, and there should be*no delay about it. lie is deserving; he is competent; he In worthy, and is capuble of tilling any Office within the gift of tlie President." All of which is distasteful, no doubt, to General Graves. He did as sist Mr. Wilson. He did ask for fed eral appointment. He did fail of his expectations. But he is altogether a good fellow, and he would be the last to charge Mr. Wilson with base in gratitude, or to attempt, by virtue of having given some general and some specific advice, to renew his applica tion for a federal berth. There ace still men in Alabama who are willing to do and say what they think is right and proper without hope of financial reward. We believe that Graves is one of that number. Honor to the Maiden Aunt Dr. Anna Howard Shaw, president of the National American Woman Suf frage association, has become the jopenly-avowed champion of the maid en aunt. “Maiden aunts are the great est blessing in the world, next to mothers,” says Dr. Shaw, who, by the way, uses the prefix “Miss” before her name. “They are the mothers of the motherless. I don’t know one who isn’t helping to bring up or educate rela tives—nieces or nephews or young cousins. And it has always been so They have always done all the hare work of the world and got no credit for it. The maiden aunt usually be gins by taking care of her father and mother. The sons marry and go, and so do the sisters, but the most de voted daughter stays on at home. By the time the old people are gone she has got herself into the way of de voting herself to others.” There is a great deal of truth in what Miss Shaw says. There is hard ly anyone who hasn’t known or been related to the kind of woman she de scribes. And the maiden aunt not only receives no credit for her self-denial, but her spinsterhood is often made a subject for unfeeling jest. Not much of the fun poked at her is meant to be unkind, yet the woman who re mains single to devote herself to oth ers belongs to the unobtrusively heroic type who have done so much to keep this old world from going to the “demnition bow-wows.” Miss Shaw’s point is well taken. More honor to the maiden aunt! Let her have a day, or two days, if she likes! We are all more or less indebted to her. She deserves our encomiums and our lasting affection. University Site If Birmingham had nothing else to offer the Methodist Episcopal church, south, as an inducement for estab lishing its proposed university here but the site, the educational commis sion would be slow to select any other city that might be assured, no mat ter how much money might be sub scribed. The Birmingham college campus on Owenton hill, embracing nearly seventy acres, possesses rare natural beauty. It is near the center of Greater Birmingham, but with its altitude it insures just such isolation as is desirable for student life. Noth another city in the whole south could offer such a site as the one in cluded in the Birmingham college as set. It commands an enchanting view, and when the grounds are improved under the direction of a landscape architect the Methodist seat of learn ing, whether it be college or university, will be one of the great show places of Birmingham. The value of the site from an esthetic point of view, there fore, cannot be overestimated. Money could not buy a site anything like it. The citizens are responding gener ously to the appeal for the university fund. The commission i6 to make its decision next week. It looks now as if Birmingham would be the only city whose offer would include a large sum of money. But notwithstanding Bir mingham’s chances for winning the prize are singularly bright, the can vassing committees will not relax their efforts until the commission makes it3 announcement. Pay Regardless of Sex The National Educational associa tion in session at St. Paul, adopted resolutions yeserday in which in creased salaries for teachers and equal pay of teachers regardless of sex were urged. Women are admirably fitted for the pedagogic profession. They have a particular gift for teaching the small er children, and when it comes to the exercise of discipline they are not lacking. Some of the most successful principals of schools in the large cities are women. It is right there fore that they should be as well paid as the men. There has been marked progress in pedagogy. In public and private schools the standard of achievement has been raised, and the female teach er has distinguished herself as a rule in her eagerness and her ability to keep in the forefront. Years ago when women were new in the field of wage earning, it seemed to be a matter of course that their pay should be less than that of men; but times have changed. Intelligent, well trained, honest-minded women are in constant demand for school work and office work; and a member of the so called weaker sex has no trouble in holding her own with the male pro fessor. The action of the National Educa tional association should meet with general approval. Steam heat was turned on in the dining room of a New- York hotel a few days »Ko. The old-fashioned man who boasts about sleeping under a blanket In sum mer will have to go 'way back and sit down. 'I lie Washington new spapers are bl ag ging about the "ideal summer weather" o! the capita) with an enthusiasm which is heightened by the tact that they seldom have sueh art opportunity. It Is presumed that the Kentucky lassie who cut eight acres of oats in a day was not interrupted by a judge on horse back who wanted a drink of water. Colonel Roosevelt will find that it is con siderably harder to "break the solid south" than It is to break an ordinary precedent. As long as the price of butter and eggs Is not prohibitive, nobody In jiartleular is going to worry about the high price of radium. A distinguished "contributing editor" has resigned, but it is not believed ihat lie is looking for another job of that sort. The Gaekwar of Baroda, Sayajl Rao fit, succeeded to the throne In 1875 when tie was 13 years old, but it was not until five years later that he was empowered by Great Britain to conduct affairs of state. The population of Baroda about this time was a little more than 2,000,000. The state was retrograding rapidly, finance and credit were in a bad condition and the people were oppressed by heavy taxation. Only tlie poor paid taxes. The rich and powerful were practically ex empt through the connivance of corrupt officials There were no divisions of gov ernment Into executive, legislative and ju dicial departments. There was no code of law In the state, government positions were held by men of little or no educa tion. the state’s business was transacted in dilapidated buildings and less than 1 per rent of Baroda’s population could read and write. During his XI years of rule Sayajl Rao in has wrought a great change for the better. He has giv«n Ba rodaa modern government. The rich have been taxed and the poor relieved of their burdens, most of the land has been surveyed, well built government offices pre scattered throughout the state, irriga tion canals, tanks and wells have been provided for farms; waterworks have been built, and 350 miles of railway con stricted. Good roads, bridges and tele phone lines make communication easy. Many schools and colleges have been built. The Gaekwar has also done good work in reorganizing Hindu society and purifying the Hindu religion. A New Jersey gardener found a $10,000 necklace on a rosebush. Burbank has never been able to grow anything like that. Admlra Dewey -finds some trouble in using his legs, mbut is able to stand up long enough to be snaps otted. The suffragettes are piqued because President Wilson declined to be heckled. Some men are that way. It is safe to assume that if Matteawan ever has a "reunion," Hary Thaw won t be there. The recent election in Mexico was a perfunctory affair. See results. MISS HARRISON’S STORY Centreville Press: Flora Milner Harri son had a most interesting and well writ ten article in The Age-Herald last week on the proposed Industrial School for Boys, to be built and maintained by the state at Ragland. Such a school is needed in the state and the article should arouse new interest in this laudable undertak ing. Blocton Enterprise: An interesting ar ticle written by Miss Flora Milner Har rison appeared in The Age-Herald of June 28, in which a strong plea is made for a school for boys which will be to them what the school at Montevallo Is to the girls of our state, a technical Institute, where the boys can be taught all branches of Industry. "A school to meet this de mand," writes Miss Harrison, "has been planned, indeed it has been chartered. The fact that it is not yet in operation is due to peculiar circumstances. In 1911 It was enacted by the legislature that 'there be and is hereby created and es tablished at Ragland, the Alabama School of Trades and Industry, for the education of boys.' At the same time the state made an appropriation for the school of $50,000, with an additional $25,000 when the trustees should have secured an equal amount. For the past three years efforts have been made to secure the use of the $50,000 appropriation, but on account of the condition of the state treasury, have been fruitless." The article is an extend ed one and shows the young lady is very much in earnest in her efforts to arouse sufficient interest to get a school for our boys. UNDERWOOD’S SAVING CLAUSE From the Mobile Register. Mr. Underwood made a need ed point Tuesday when he in sisted that the Touse resolution seeking information of the Secretary of the Treasury be made to read, "if not incompatible with the public In terest." He said that the House has no more right to direct the executive de partment than the executive depart ment has to dirapt the House. This is the rule of interdepartmental courtesy that Is sometimes disregarded. Mr. Pnderwood has done well to bring it to the attention of the House. MR. COMER AGAIN From the Fort Payne Journal. Mr. Corner contributed $5UOO to aid in securing the Methodist university for Birmingham. This is the man who is charged with having no broad patriotism or public spirit but seeking only his own ad vantage without regard to anything or anybodys else. OPPOSES EQUAL SUFFRAGE From the Tuscaloosa Times-Uazette. Editor Doty of the Andalusia Star says he is opposed to anyone having the righj to vote who sits on the floor to put on hosiery. Editor Doty’s head is level and he "sho" is a married man. LUKE M’LUKE SAYS From the Cincinnati Enquirer. A woman's idea of a great tragedy is for another woman to lose her voice. When a girl has her own hair she is so afraid that you won't notice it that she fixes It so it will look as though she had slept in it all night and parades down the street without a hat. For the love of Mikt • ry to act na tural. Most people take themselves so seriously that other people regard them as Jokes. There are dangerous microbes In kisses. But a man never realizes the fact until after he has been married about six months. People who are always praying ex pert the Lord to be a whole lot more liberal than they would he If they had the power to answer the prayers of others. • You may have noticed that all lazy people have busy tongues. Boost a man and he will forget it In 10 minutes. Knock him and he will re member it for 10 years. A woman is a person w ho will raise six small children for u man and do her housework with a baby on one arm. and hustle around for 18 hours a day! and ktnrve herself ho flic kids ran have a little more to cat. and be afruld to go out because she hasn't anything to wear, and treasure the dime her hus band gives her as though it was a bil lion dollars. And, when the • hildreu are asleep, she will pick up a paper for a moment and start to imllguate at the prevalence of white iluvriy. IN HOTEL LOBBIES Bright View of BiiMlnenai Situation “If business 1s not as active as 1 has been in midsummer in some years Past, it Is improving every day am there Is promise of great prosperity be tween now and autumn,” said L. V Forman of Chicago. “This year s winter wheat harvest it so much of a record breaker that bus iness in the west would be flourishing no matter what might have happened But in many states record breaking corn crops are reported and in the south 1 am told that crops generally are good. “I hear that Alabama will niakf about 1.500.00U bales of cotton, and this year’s crop will bring more money than the highest record crop of 1911. Most of the southern cities seem to be flourishing. Birmingham certainly has all the appearances of commercial thrift and growing population.” Harding Without a Hlval “It looks hh if Mr. Warburg and the Senate would not get together, and that the federal reserve board would have to get along without the serv ices of the distinguished New York financier.” said a clubman. “Owing to Mr. Warburg's pre eminence in the world of finance and especially his training In international banking he was selected by President Wilson for membership on the fed eral reserve board. He is widely known by reputation and the newspapers have all commented favorably upon his ap pointment. Assuming that other mem bers of the board are men of affairs, with a broad knowledge of the theory of banking, Mr. Harding, in the ab sence of Mr. Warburg, will be without a rival when it comes to preponderance. He will be the one big banker on the board.” The Birmingham Spirit “The greatest thing that has ever oc curred in Birmingham took place just awhile ago,” said J. E. Shelby yester day afternoon. ’Members of the Birming ham Rotary club in one of the most Btirring meetings I have ever witnessed in my life, subscribed over $12,000 to the Methodist university project. "Talk about civic pride and boosting, there it was in the original package. That shows the spirit in which Birming ham has tackled this university propo sition. People have realized the merit uf the undertaking and everybody seems to be putting his shoulder to the wheel n helping Birmingham land the college. "I can’t see how the college can be located anywhere else now. With the spirit Birmingham has shown in this matter we could get the moon if that Happened to be what we were after. The university is ours. Just wait, it’s already nearly all over but the shouting.” Alabama Farm Landa “The farm lands of Alabama present iome wonderful opportunities to men who ippreeiate the producing value of rich soil, combined with a mild climate,’’ ?aid James a Wiebens, formerly of Illi nois, but now a resident of Birmingham. “I have now been in this state for about wo years; and as I am connected with i seed concern here, my attention has naturally been drawn to the soil and its nroducts. Before conning here I was thor mghly conversant with farm values and nroducts presented by prairie lands of lie middle west; and after making a study of Alabama land I can say with out hesitation that the black belt of this state offers some of the greatest farmi ng opportunities in the United States. In ’act, after a careful investigation of the ’arming situation in Alabama I became mthuslastic and decided to Invest in a ’arm and become a tiller of the soil. “That was last year. This year I have ibout 100 acres of rich land under cul tivation at West-over, on the Seaboard, ibout 50 miles from Birmingham, and there is every promise of an abundant Harvest. I employed a good farmer, and Instructed him as to the variety of crops I wished to produce, and have kept in touch with the situation while engaged it my regular occupation in this city, ^rops are diversified on this farm with excellent results. I have 40 acres in corn, ?o in cotton, and have recently harvested about 30 acres of oats. The winter oat crop netted about 40 bushels to the acre, and this land is now in peas. I am leav ing today for a short stay in West over. and anticipate a pleasant and profit able trip.” The Logical Place “Birmingham is the logical place for the Methodist university, for while there are a number of excellent educational Institutions here. Howard being one of the best colleges in Alabama, we have no university either in fact or in name,” Bald a professional man. “Atlanta, which of course would like to have a Methodist university, has al ready Oglethorpe, a-flourishing institution under Presbyterian auspices. Oglethorpe is beginning to branch out, and con siderable money has been raised for im provements recently. So even if Atlanta should get the Methodist university it would have to divide honors with Ogle thorpe university; whereas, in Birming ham the university would tower without any other institution within sight of it. 1 have an idea that the majority of the educational commission will be strongly In favor of locating the university in Bir mingham.” ^ Iron Freight Rales Matthew Addy & Co.b Cincinnati re port this week says in part: "Attention this week is centered in the reduction of southern ‘pig |,on freights ordered by the interstate commerce commission. This reduction was not expected. Two years ago it was asked but the commission had taken so long to consider the matter that most of the southern ironmasters hail come to regard the delay as a polite refusal. The decision brings great joy to the south, but it is almost a bomb shell to northern producers who see the whole competitive situaty»n changed. "The new rates will he beneficial to all consumers of southern iron in the middle west and they will ^dd a competitive burden to the Ohio and Chicugo furnaces The latter in partic ular have been doing their best to 1 -o 1 d their own local market as a mon opoly, but the less freight from the south will enable southern irons to en ter Chicago more easily than recent ly has been the case. Northern fur nace men, however, are already pre paring to present their claims for a re adjustment of their rates, so an in teresting time may be expected. "The week has seen more inquiry and there has been regular buying." n tHBlRIi IS RIGHT from the Atlanta Constitution. If Paul Warburg, the New York banker and eminent international au thority on finance, serves this county on the federal reserve board it will be without previously undergoing a grill ing- at the hands of the Senate com mittee. This 1b the condition upon which Mr. Warburg has, at the request of President Wilson, withdrawn his de i cllnatlon. and he is right. Warburg did not seek a place on the reserve board. He was designated by the President, in recognition of his un usual and singular qualifications. The acceptance of the post would have in volved the severance ■ of connection probably worth annually seven or eight | times to him his compensation in fed eral employment. The work appealed to him undoubtedly as a pure service of patriotism, and since he is able to afford the personal sacrifice, he signi fied willingness to accept. The Presi dent was particularly anxious to get Warburg on the board, since it is prob able that of all the men named, his knowledge of banking is the most en cyclopedic. He is an authority not only on national finance, but on International finance, an important fact, since the new currency law authorizes the setting up of branch hanks in foreign countries. Warburg found out. however, that he was to be subpoenaed and haled before the Senate committee like a criminal under charges. He was to be subjected to a cross-fire from experts and ama teurs alike, politicians seeking political capital as well as senators honestly seeking to fix his qualifications. He promptly objected. The committee could find out all it needed to know of his life and reputation through other chan nels. He did not shun investigation. But there was a right way and a wrong way. They could ask him to communi cate facts by letter, or they could send a representative to him, or adopt any other one of a dozen methods. What he did not propose to stand was the ordeal of being made a partisan or dema gogic football, subjected at every turn to the Indictment of suspicion. Under these circumstances he withdraw his name. At the President's urgent solici tation he consented to reconsider, the one stipulation being that he was not to be catechised by the Senate commit tee. This immunity he has a right to demand, upon the same plane as other board nominees. It is significant that the Atlanta regional bankers, at session at Montgomery day before yesterday, unanimously passed resolutions in dorsing him. It is to be hoped the manly stand of Mr. Warburg will bring an end to this petty exhibition of ‘inquisitiveness, and that the country will be permitted to gnjoy the services of a big man with out subjecting him to implied insult and accusation. It is high time that men in public life be relieved from the hallucination that all men in "big busi ness’ must be regarded as crooks until they prove themselves otherwise. The idea is as insane as it is demagogic. ABOUT BIRMINGHAM Tuscaloosa News: Despite the absence of regulation of fireworks, Birmingham managed to have a pretty sane Fourth. Marion Times: It is a dull day in Bir mingham when a homicide iE not report ed, or at least it would be a dull day if none were reported. But Birmingham rarely ever has dull days on this account. Huntsville Mercury-Banner; "Put the weeds or be arrested" is the mandate of the Birmingham commission, from which we assume that even in Greater Birming ham there are people who have to be felted to keep the weeds from growing up in front of their residences. Montgomery Times: Birmingham is go ing light out after the great Methodist university, and all the state of Alabama should join In and help get it, as what helps that great city helps all the state. Centreville Press: Religious services in seme sections of Birmingham are being held in the open. If the extreme heat ccntinues, this plan, if adopted in other places, would increase the attendance on religious worship Gadsden Evening Journal: Birmingham citizens are so elated over the interstate commerce commission's decision in the pig iron cases that they are responding with even greater enthusiasm to the call for that $1,000,000 to get the big, Methodist university. Colbert County Reporter: Birmingham is going after the Methodist university in earnest. But that’s characteristic of the Magic City’s spirit, and we are with the people down there, and If an insignieant Methodist layman can aid Birmingham in any way we ar? willing. Tuscaloosa Times-Gazette: We live in a progressive age. vp at Birmingham they have installed a lozen or so electric fans in the grandstand to keep the base ball enthusiasts cool while they watch the players out in the field perspire end wipe their faces with the sweat rags that they stick under their belts. All this is dene to help draw crowds. Aphat Is what we call enterprise for it has been too hot for even baseball lovers to sit in the giandstand and watch the game. With elecytric fans as an addition the attend ance at games in Birmingham may bo in creased. A SHIP CAPTAIN’S POWER From the New York Sun. The extent of which a captain of a steamship may discipline passengers is passed on by the appellate division, second department, in Bennett against Austro-American Steamship company. It appeared that plaintiff was a second cabin passenger on a ship bound from a port in Greece to New York. A large number of the passengers were dissatis fied with the food furnished them, and the plaintiff went aipong the first cabin passengers to get signatures to a com plaint to be used on the arrival of the vessel In New York. The eaptain entered the music room while the plaintiff was there and seized the letter. He ordered the plaintiff to leave the first cabin quarters, and when the plaintiff re fused to go until he got the letter the captain had taken, the captain struck him, had him removed forcibly by the crew and confined until the veyel reached port. The court said that a question of fact as to whether the cap tain exceeded his authority was raised for submission to a jury, and in its opinion, said: "Doubtless the captain had a legal power to imprison the plaintiff. But did the circumstances then existing justify the attempted exercise of this power? It is a long clay since the belaying pin or marlinspike or knotted robe's end were not only instruments, but, symbols of a shipmaster’s authority. Considering the vast steamshLp traffic of the last half century, it is remarkable how few cases are to be found In the books af fecting a ship captain’s right to enforce discipline upon the passengers on his ship. This fact speaks in no uncertain way of the habitual patience of the shipmasters and their grave responsi bilities." adrift with the times MERE PRETENSE. 1 he festive summer boarder At ease in a hammock lies. AN 1th nothing at all to worry about, 'Cept heat and swarms of flies And mosquitoes when the shadows fall And a scant supply of food; And a bed that makes his body ache AVhen he’s in a reading mood. The festive summer boarder NVrites happy letters home, Deviates lie’s found a oleasant place From which he'd never roam. Were it not for the fact that duty calls And he dare not answer nay, Thought it almost breaks his heart to go, When he'd so much rather stay. REWARDED. "He gave his whole life to unselfish labors for this community." "VA hat did the community ever give him?’* A vote of confidence.” THE KNOWING ONES. Political life is full of unexpected re vers*-*-.” That » true, but when a candidate re verses himself somebody is sure to say, 'I told you so!’ ” MAKING MATTERS NVORSE. "Twyson wants to separate from his wife." “On what grounds?" “He says she deceived him before he mt-rried her by making him think she could win money playing bridge to pay for hc-r clothes," "She loses, eh?" s "Yes. She not only fails to win enough to pay for her own clothes, but she loses the money Twyson leeds to buy his clothes," THE HEATHEN. Though the heathen may rage And in conflict engage, You've got to admire Their warm weather attire. —Washington Star. Though the heathen may be •Most unlovely to see. They never do wear Wigs made to green hair. BLOW TO HIS PRIDE. J “A landscape gardener was prostrate in his office yesterday.” '’B “Overcome by the lisat?" jfl “No. He was ov»r;ome by his emotions. B A suburbanite asked him to design an j onion bed. j OWNED A HATCHET. “Who is your favorite character in his tory, Tommy?” “George Washington, air.” “Why George Washington?” Because he s the only character in his tory 1 ever read about who seems to have had any fun when he was small.” > IN WITH THE TRUSTS. “Did r understand you to say that Sen ator Flubb came up from the people?” "Yes. and he's going back on them now.” A FOOLISH NOTION. "President Wilsons phrase, psycho logical depression/ <s overworked.” "I’m afraid *o Only the other day I heard a luckless angler say he won dered if that was why fish wouldn't bite.” i SHOCKING. Miss Flaunt wears clothes so very thin, ^ The wicked gazer sighs And wishes nature's gift had been An extra pair of eyes. IDLE OPINIONS. - Getting up early has no advantages if the man you want to "do” sleeps late. The woman who ‘wouldn’t stoop to flatter n man/’ sometimes wishes later on in life that she had done so. Just about the time a man saves up ' something for a rainy day he gets a t< cthache and has to give it all to a dent ist. The kind of people who think there are 4 no times like the old times are the kind of people who don't belong in the present. One objection to taking things as they ci me is that they quit coming after awhile p. n. GREAT TRIALS OF HISTORY TRIAL OF JACK SHEPPARD cmnr r^nu, commonly Known as “Jack,” is the most picturesque figure in English criminal history. Df poor but honest parents, who left him *n orphan when quite young, Jack fol lowed a career of crime that w’as as re markable as it was daring, and finally wound up suspended upon a gibbet at Ty burn at the'youthful age of 22. The first theft of this “prince of thieves'* was that of two spoons, and shortly aft erward, by his own confession, “I fell to robbing almost everyone that stood in my Way." In April, 1724, owing to the treachery of his brother, and other asso ciates, he was committed to St. Giles’ roundhouse, from which he skillfully made his escape. Like adventures of unparalleled coolness md imprudence followed in quick succes sion, and on Whitmonday, May 25, 1724, he broke out of New prison. His escape Involved getting rid of new irons, cutting through a double grill of new oaken and Irfti bars, descending 25 feet by means of a. sheet and blanket, and then scaling a wall of 22 feet, which he surmounted svith a companion on his back. Shortly lie was again apprehended through the betrayal of the celebrated receiver of stolen goods, Jonathan Wild. Sheppard was tried at the Old Bailey •efore Justice Blackkerby, on August 14. 1724. and condemned to death, He was tried upon three indictments. Several other prosecutions might have been brought against him. but this was thought fUfficiemt to rid the world of so capital in offender. He begged earnestly for transportation to the most extreme nart j£ his majesty’s dominions. He pleuded youth and ignorance as the motive that bud precipitated him into the guilt; but he court, deaf to his importunities, gave bim no satisfactory answer. The date set for his execution was Frl# lay, September 4. Only several days be TOMORROW—TRIAL OF SIR THOMAS MORE THE MEXICAN SOLDIER From Leslie's Weekly. The Mexican soldier is not, as a rule, * coward. He lacks dash and Initiative, but he stands fire well, and does what he Is told. He is also capable of enduring Incredible hardship. His food is princi pally tortillas and beans. Properly bandied, trained and equipped he would [nake a first class fighting man, but I dc* not believe he could make a stand against an efficient foreign army in his present state of disorganisation. He would be hopelessly outclassed, because he is un disciplined, undrilled, a poor marksman and above all has not learned to trust his officers. General de Moure's column was the first of several that went to the relief of To reon, all of which totaled about 7000 men. They were stopped at San Pedro de las Colon las. In western Coahulia. by the con stitutionalists. Here was an expedition of all arms, yet it had no commissary, no signal corps, no intelligence depart ment. no sanitary officers and only the semblance of a medical corps. The men had no tents and only such blankets as they found for themselves, while most of them carried beer bottles instead of can teens. Military automobiles were pro vided for distributing ammunition and water to the firing lines, but this was such a recent innovation as to be a constant source of wonder. The officers fared better than the men, but only because they had more funds. General de Moure and a part of his staff traveled in a Pullman car, which was sent back soon after reaching San Pedro, as the general said It was costing the gov ernment too much. Some of the officers had accommodations in first or second class day coaches, but the majority of them traveled as did the men, in box cars. MIGHTY BEER DRINKERS From Tit-Bits. Judging from the consumption of beer at the annual “Malbock,” the May week when Munich’s bock beer is brought out, the reports that the Bavarians are drinking less beer would seem to be premature, to say the least. In the great “Hofbrauhaus'' alone, whose beer gardens are among the largest in Europe, the daily attendance of visitors averaged 12,000, and between them they managed to dispose of 6600 iii.i uaie ne was again able to es | cape, and was not recaptured until Sep tember 10, when he was taken back to his l ! rpn and chained down to the floor. This 1 they felt was not sufficiently secure, so \ he was taken to a dungeon known as the ' Castle, where he was chained to heavy iron bars. Now it waa thought that he was be yond all possible chance of escape. On October 16, however, when his keeper \ isited his cell he beheld almost a car load of bricks and rubbish about tl room and the prisoner gone. Six gre: doors, one of which had not been open f< seven years, were forced and found aja he having passed directly to the stre by the main hail and stairway. He wrote ills Jailers a polite letter ai at olive took to stealing again. He wi apprehended on November 10 and was at once carried to the King's bench bar at Westminster, where the record of his con viction was read and it was ordered that he be hung on Monday. The day came, but Jack tiad still some hopes of eluding Justice. One of his projects was that as soon as his body fas cut down his companion should take It and put it In a warm bed and bleed him, fob" lie believed If such care were taken they might bring him to life again. Sheppard was hanged at Tyburn on Mondav, November 18, 1728. He died with great difficulty. When he had hung about a quarter of an hour Ills body was i out down by a soldier and delivered to bis friends, but instead of carrying out his suggestions they buried him. Sheppard was for a considerable time the comYnon subject of conversation. Sev eral different histories of it is life were published at the time. His potralt was painted by no less a distinguished artist than Sir James Thornhill; poems were written about him, and his adventures were dramatized, and for sometime he became the leading subject of many pulpit invectives. gallons, an allowance of more than half i a gallon for each person. About half of fl this was bock beer, anti the remainder t the ordinary Munich dark beer. Of edibles the dally consumption in cluded 20 calves, four pigs, 38,000 sau sages, besides quantities „f poultry an l "beer” radishes. As the Hof brewery is only one of several other large establishments In Munich, It Is probable that the city's consumption of beer during the "Mat bock ’ must have been in the neighbor hood of 20,000 barrels. A St BSTA ATI A I, ESISTEME From Harper's. The pastor of a well known Boston church was calling a short while ago on a dear old lady, one of the "pillars" of the church to which they both be lt l ged. Booking upon her sweet, mother ly face, which bore few tokens of her 93 years of earthly pilgrimage, he was moved to ask her: "My dear Mrs. Adams, what has been th& ‘hief source of your V underfill strength and sustenance dur lng all these years'.’ What do you con sider has been ihe real basis of your ex traordinary vigor of mind and body, and has been to you an unfailing comfort i through joys and sorrows which must f come to all of God's creatures? Tell me, that 1 may pass the seeret to others, and, If possible, profit by It myself.” The good pas.or waited with unusual eagerness for the old lady's reply, which she gave, after a noment’s ri'flectlon, while her kindly old eyes were dimmed with tears, "Victuals," she answered, briefly. THE MEETING By Alfred Noyes. White as a shining marble Dryad, supple and sweet as a rose in blossom, Fair and fleet as a fawn that shakes the dew from the fern at break of day, Wreathed with the clouds of her dusky halt- that kissed and clung to her sun-bright bosom, Down to the valley she came, and tht sound of her feet was the bursting of flowers in May. Down to the valley she'came for far and far below in the dreaming meadcwa MB Pleaded ever the Voice of voices, calling Ills love by her golden name; So She arose from her home in the hills, snd down through the blossoms that danced with their shadows. , Out of the blue of the dreaming dis tance. down to the heart of her lover she came.