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K. W. BARUETT.EUltti Entered at the iii ran n sham, Ala postoflice as seeoriu class matter unde act of Congress March 3, 1879. Daily and Sunday Age-Herald... $8.0 Daily and Sunday, per month.7 Daily and Sunday, three months.. 2.0 Weekly Age-Herald, per annum.. •& Sunday Age-Herald . 2u A. J. Eaton. Jr., and O. E. Young ar the only authorized traveling repre sentatives of The Age-Herald in it; circulation department. No communication will be publishet without its author's name. Rejectee manuscript will not be returned unless stamps are enclosed for that purpose Remittances can be made at curren' rate ot exchange. The Age-Herald Wil not be responsible for money seni through the mails. Address. THE AGE-HERALD, Birmingham, Ala. Washington bmeau, 207 llibbs build ing. European bureau. 6 Henrietta stieet Covent Garden, London ' Eastern business office. Rooms 48 tc 60. inclusive. Tribune building. New York city; Western business office Tribune building, Chicago. The S. C, Beckwith Special Agency, agents for eign advertising. TELEPHONE Ttell (private exchange connecting nil department*). Main 41100. '1 lion knoiv’ot, great non, 'I hi end of nar's uncertain. —Jnl In* « nc*nr. BEGINNING THE DAY—O God, strengthen me to meet any trial that may come thl* day. And begin to ntreiigtlien me for the great tragic trial* that must come after awhile. Make today a foundation *tone for all the day* which arc to he. Help me to lay by In More a little pence and a little power. Amen.—H. 31. E. Love for Dumb Creatures A man’s attachment for his dog is the most striking and most common illustration of friendship between hu man beings and four-footed creatures. Of the two the dog often shows the greater trust and more lasting affec tion, but cases are sufficiently numer ous to prove that man appreciates his faithful friend, whose eloquent eyes and wagging tail are ever ready tc speak a welcome. Between man ant horse the bond is not so strong. The suicide of an Oklahoma man be cause he was about to lose his faith ful team of horses through the fore closure of a mortgage may have beer due in part to his general financia condition, but nothing of this sorl figured in the death of John Crabtree owner of a famous pacing team Maude 0. and Hedgewood Boy. Crab tree, an Illinois man, who had oftei wished that he might die before eithe of his horses, was accidentally ki 11 e< Jjy having his skull crushed in the door of a freight car. With a wife am five children who would have beer glad, no doubt, to soothe his declin ing years, Crabtree’s love for hi pets had alienated him from his fam ''By. Although 67 years old, he stayec with his horses day and night, leaving them only for his mealsA Next to the dog, the horse amonj all four-footed beasts, enjoys the high est esteem of men. Yet, with all his good qualities, the horse can never hi such a close companion to man as f dog can. His nature and his physica traits forbid this. And although in stances are not uncommon where mer have .risked their lives to save their dogs, and some years ago in this state the only son of weulthy and refinec parents shot himself rather than give up his dog, it is seldom, indeed, thal a man thinks enough of his horse tc suffer any hardship rather than lost him. • • The City’s Population Alabama’s biennial school census which has been taken this summer wil soon be compiled and published by tht ‘department of education at Montgom •ry, and it is reasonable to assumt that an appreciable gain in the state’s population will be indicated. In sev eral counties the school census has been published, and in each of them at increase was noted. Naturally mud interest attaches to the school census of Birmingham. Statisticians are not agreed as t< what percentage of the total populu tion is found in the school population Most of them agree, however, that th< number of persons of school age— 7 to 21 years—multiplied by 3ts give a very conservative approximate o the entire number of inhabitants is any given civil division or community but there are statisticians of goo reputation who insist on multiplyin by 3.75 or 3.80, while some of ther take 4 as the multiplier. Within the city limits there ar 48,258 children of school age. If thi number is multiplied by 3.80 a toti population of 183,380 is indicated but using the lowest of the multiplier that statisticians employ under sin ilar conditions, Birmingham’s popula tion is 168,903. Yet no matter wha the multiplier be, Birmingham’ growth has been rapid—not less tha 40,000 in four years. The rate c increase will be greater during th next fehr years than it has been sine 1910. A new era of prosperity i setting in, and labor will be in greatc demand in this district than was eve (known before. The federal census of 1920 will probably find Birmingham " : with a population of 300,000. r i - The War Proceeds r Austria-Hungary continues to bom , bard Belgrade. • At Liege the Germans sustained , : such heavy losses that they felt con 1 ; strained to ask for an armistice of 24 hours in order to bury their dead. The repeated rumors of Great Britain’s victory over the German j fleet tn the North sea have been of ficially denied in London. According to a statement from the first lord of the admirably, the British have not even engaged the German fleet. Despite Germany’s pleading with Italy to come to its rescue the Quirinal j is reported to be emphatic in the gov ernment's announced attitude of neu trality. The triple alliance, embracing Germany, Austria and Italy, had been considered among the chancelleries of Europe as distinctly formidable. Italy has a large and well disciplined army and would unquestionably add great strength to any power with which it might be allied. But the Italian gov ernment seems to have interpreted the triple alliance as meaning active assistance only in the event that Ger many or Austria were engaged in a defensive war. Italy regards Austria Hungary as an aggressor, and on that ground, it is claimed, considers itself free to remain neutral. Emperor William is undaunted, and in his passionate appeal to his people makes it plain that hostilities will pro ceed with desperation. It is evident that the Geftnans ex pect the war to be fought to a finish; but all lovers of peace are praying that American mediation will be ac cepted before many days hre past. , - This Year's Great Crop Values In July, after the government re ports assured bumper crops, the esti mated money value of the harvest, in cluding cotton, of course, was $10, 000,000,000. The European war will cause a readjustment of the value esti mate. Prices of foodstuffs will reach much higher levels than statisticians reck * oned with a few weeks ago, while cot ton prices are much weakened; but there is an optimistic side to the cotton producing inter ests. In the first place, the European war cannot last long, and when hostilities do cease there will be an immediate revival of prosperity. In Ihe next place, leaders in the financial world and the railroads traversing the ’ south will co-operate in finding a safe way of protecting the cotton farmer. 1 This year’s cotton crop is almost as large as that of 1911, which was the ' great record breaker. The buoyancy prevailing in the south has been trace able largely to the prospect of a 16, 000,000-bale crop. And the high prices obtaining just before the European strife naturally made the agricultural south feel “rich in advance.” If the man who produced the cotton had to sacrifice the result of his intelligent labor, there would be depression for a time; but if he will but have a little patience, he will come out in the end far ahead. Hope for Bald Heads Remarkable results have been ob tained by Dr. Szekely of Budapest in planting hair on bald heads. The end of a gold wire l-600th of an inch in diameter is bent to form a loop which is barely visible to the naked eye. A woman's hair of the desired color and eight to twelve inches long is in serted in the loop and the wire is then introduced into a fine Pravaz hypo dermic needle. Several hundred needles are prepared in this way. and thoroughly sterilized before being used. The scalp to be treated is also steril ized and made insensitive to pain. The needle is inserted in the scalp, then , thrust forward under the skin and turned through an angle of 180 de grees. It is then withdrawn, leaving the hair firmly anchored under the skin by the wire loop. Pairs of hairs are implanted l-25th of an inch Apart. About 625 pairs, or 1250 single hairs, are planted in a square inch. In a treatment occupying 35 or 40 minutes from 400 to 500 hairs can be planted. From 15,000 to 20,000 hairs will cover a bald crown surrounded by a fringe of natural hair. As many as 50,000 hairs gnay be required for a . head entirely bald. The slight in ^ flpmmation that follows the insertion of the needle soon subsides. The wire j loop soon becomes imbedded in sub cutaneous tissue and cannot be felt, ’ while the hole made by the needle is quickly closed by new skin. Hair im planted by this method can be brushed, combed and washed and deceives any j ordinary observer. 1 Anyway, the tourists who were caught 8 in Europe will have something more to - talk about than the acenery and the hotel - prices when they get back home. * Congressmen who don’t stay on the job s In Washington may offer for excuse that n they couldn't resist the alluring adver f tisements of summer resorts. e Beware of the imaginative correspond e ent. When censorship Is strict, vivid lin s aginations are apt to work overtime. r To let: One peace palace. Apply at The r Hague. Although President Wilson advises th country to keep cool, tnere are congress n.en who persist in getting hot under th' collar. Whoever is to blame, a general war it Europe is started now mid the man whi stops it will get the praise. -- The Kaiser’s good opinion of hinisel: is evidenced by the fact that he wants to whip half the world. In the excitement over European at fairs the baseball war seems to havi been forgotten. Bar Harbor scored heavily against New port by entertaining the Kronprinzessir Cecelie. Submarines will tackle battleships anc aeroplanes will go after dirigibles. And now the roar of the British lioi is added to the general hubbub. Spain seems disposed to limit her blood shed to bullfights. GIRL SI F FRAG IS BOSS From the New’ York Sun. Miss Elizabeth Freeman returned v.itl news and views of the suffrage caravar which is touring Sullivan county with a prairie schooner and a pair of oxen The main dependence of the caravan has turned out to be not Mrs. Rudolph Mullei of Monticello, who is managing the ex pedition, but her 13-year-old daughtei Phyllis, who rides ahead to gather au diences, runs errands and has even shod her own horse Bluey. So great is her devotion to this horse, which she broke herself, that she learned to shoe him last summer, to the great delight of the Monticello blacksmith, Tonr Carney, who says he never had a boj apprentice who learned so quickly. He added lessons in harness mending as a reward and Miss t’hyllis can now handle any sort of team, even the oxen Taft and Teddy, who are, truth to tell very docile, though Teddy insists on doing all the work. Miss Phyllis has her riflt along and she and the cook have suc ceeded In breaking the game law's on sev eral occasions. She hus been a crack shot since she was 11 years old. At her home on Castle Hill are 34sfrui1 trees which Miss Phyllis has grafted her self. She insists that when she is grown up she will spend all her time in the country, though just now she is spend ing her winters at the Gardner school in New York. She can take a four-foot hurdle, but she is not all athlete, for like every Ger man girl she can cook and sewr. She has been at school In Germany and speaks both French and German without th< slightest trace of accent. She came bach an anti, but was converted by Gen. Ros alie Jones, after all her mother’s ef forts had failed. --- HOTELS FOR GIRLS From the New York World. Mrs. Richard Irvin, who for years hat taken an active interest in the welfare o working girls in New York, Is presiden and ruling spirit in a new corporatioi that Is to build the Irvin Hotel foi Women. Plans have been filed for a 13-storj structure at 308-312 West Thirtieth street w’hich is 136 feet west of Eighth avenue. One of the features of tills women’i hotel Willie a roof garden, where 4(H) per sons can be accommodated. The idea i: to make the garden £0 attractive that tin 1 women and girls who live in the hote will not seek pleasure outside. The idea of the corporation is to ad vanee the welfare of working girls am to maintain 1 sites that will make it possl Me for respectable women, drawing smal salaries, to live respectably and in com fort. Mrs. Irvin, at her home, 1 West Thirty ninth street, issued a statement regurd ing the hotel, in which she said: “I am not building tHe Hotel Irvin, al though it is being called after me. It i to be a stock company, declaring a 5 pe cent dividend. "There are to be 334 single rooms am only one- dormitory, accommodating flv girls. There will be two rooms on eaci floor holding two girls, and also a laundr and sitting room on each floor. There ar to bo 12 floors to accommodate 404 girls. DESIGNS ON TEA TABLE From the Boston Transcript. A great international “tea light" i j scheduled for the year 1916, place Sa Francisco. In India, Ceylon and chin, canny tea merchants are reported alread incubating elaborate schemes to enptur the American tea table for their own, fact w'hich shows to what proportions ou j national propensity for Cibber’s “sof sober, sage and venerable liquid’” ha grown. The Japanese are not only plan ning to make a seductive exhibit with th encouragement of the Japanese govern nient, building a tea house w’orthy of th cult of the teamasters of a day that i gone, but they will send to the Panama Pacific exposition 10 tea experts w'hose sol business will be to study the methods o their rivals for the tea trade of Amei ica. In spite of this the Japanese minis ter of agriculture has lately compluine officially of the backwardness of his coun try in industrial matters, of the lack o enterprise. Says he: “They all want t try get-rich-quick schemes. They Jus want to grab lhoney by whatever wa they can and skip off!" LUKE M’Ll’IiE SAYS From the Cincinnati Enquirer. Every woman who has a shape like . whaleback freighter knows that if ah could afford to pay |15 for a made-to-or der corset she would have as good a flgur as anyone. You may have noticed that a reforr leader can’t get his reforming apparatu • into running order until his followers o the works with a big bank roll. Many a man is going through life push ing a wheelbarrow loaded with imaginar troubles and wondering why he can’t gc ahead of other men. A man gets inad all over if he can’t g€ a seat in the front row in a theatre. An he gets mad all over if the usher lead him to the front pew when he goes t church. After you get to know' some good lookin women they are not nearly as good look ing as you thought they were. Any woman can go shopping when sh hasn’t a nickel. But she wouldn’t thin of starting out unless she carried a youn suit case containing a powder rag. They claim that whisky makes a ma talk. But if you want to hear some ret gabbing go to a sundae dispensary wher a few young things are inhaling heMc trope flips, lovers’ kisses and passional sodas. People are like jokes. Nine oyt of ever 10 are poor. What has become of the old-fashlone girl who used to be home by bedtime? Why is it that when a woman gets ol and haggard looking she imagines tha bright red and green dingbats on her ha make her look younger? A big fool man will try to keep ste with a hobble skirt when he is walkln with one. And yet he t^ould get mad : you told him he looked like a sissy whe be was doing it. — IN HOTEL LOBBIES Hitt Crops Make RiimIdcrn “Everybody has read about the west's groat wheat crop and the south’s great i cotton crop, but I believe fine crops are i being harvested in every part of the country,’’ said \V. F. Joplin of Philadel j phia. “Agricultural Pennsylvania and agri ! cultural New York were never in more prosperous condition than they are to day, and in a recent trip through the middle west I was delighted to learn that j the crops in that section were bumpers. If there had been a crop failure in any j large part of the country business might have remained dull, but as it is we are j sure to have great prosperity this fall.” DlNcrlminatlni* Ad Mon A recent issue of the Grand Rapids Fur niture Record features a popular estab lishment of this city by reproducing a cut of the “June Bride” design. The Record says: “in the store of the Searight-Reese Fur niture company, Birmingham, tfhose ad vertising manager, Victor C. Lomel, is discriminate user of white space, was pi o dueed the ad of three columns and •te.i inches and June bride inspiration. The advertisement reproduced, one of a series of several submitted, is excellent in its representation of the suggesive publicly idea. The cut, attractively designed and characteristic of quality furniture, is ap propriate in its adaptation to the argument of the season. Distinctive of Searight Reese advertising is its clean-cut appear ance. Much of this factor is contributed by the illustrations, but the effect also is secured through the simple line border, the display of the firm name and the se lection of harmonious type faces. Adver tising of this nature offers attractive re lief* from the conventional catalog st,yle, which is too often without contrast.” It pro r ding; Nevr Public HiilldingM “There lias been much building activity in Birmingham this year, but there will probably be much more in 1915,” said a member of the Chamber of Commerce. "Three public buildings are due—a mod ern county Jail, an auditorium or con vention hall and the postoffice. The last named will cost $1,000,000 or more. The government has already acquired the site —the north side of Fifth avenue from Eighteenth to Nineteenth streets running back 190 feet to the alley. Congress has appropriated thus far $1,200,000 for the Bit - | mingham postoffice, including the site.! The ground has cost between $350,000 and $400,000, leaving available for the struc ture a little upward of $800,000; but be fore the postoffice is finished $200,000 or $300,000 more will be needed, and Congress can be counted upon to vote the additional money. “The present postoffice is congested, and with the rapid Increase caused by the parcel pyst, to say nothing of the let ter and newspaper mall, the congestion a year or two hence will be very serious. Uncle Sam will break ground for the new building within the next few months.” PtonpcroiiN ffloiintnn County E. T. Cato, an esteemed educator who was at the head of the University school here several years ago, but who is now 1 engaged In teaching In Houston county, j was in Birmingham yesterday. He has j been spending the summer in Uausden, but will soon return to ms home and get ready for his fall work. “Houston is one of the most prosperous i counties in the state/’ said Mr. Cato. *1 live at Ashford, which is about 10 miles i from Dothan. It is one of the youngest towns in the state, but It has a population 1 of 1500, two banks and many mercantile firms. “Dothan has grown to be a real city. 1 One of the facts of which Dothan boasts ■ is that it has the largest percentage of 1 native born inhabitants, 4hat is to Bay, • born- in Houston county, of any city in the state. It is the metropolis of ’wire ■ grass’ Alabama, and it will continue to grow at a steady rate. "Birmingham has made such strides in recent years that an occasional visitor 1 hardly recognizes it. It is not only a big city, but one of the most beaut\il in this country. Birmingham has a splendid fu 1 ture. It will soon be known as the i largest city of the whole south.” Tlie Hand ConceH* 3 Memoli’s hand gave a concert at Capi ’ toi park, and despite threatening rain the crowd in attendance was very large. The rext concert will be given at Fairfield Sunday afternoon, from 4 to 6 o'clock. 3 "As the summer approaches the autumn 1 Memoli’s band seems better than ever,” 1 said an old music lover. "This, however, f was to he expected, for the frequent" re 3 hearsals that Mr. Memoli has had and 1 the constant playing together of his men r make for perfect ensemble. The tone • quality of the band is excellent. Few 3 concert bands of 25 or 30 men have finer - individual players than Memoli’s, and 1 3 doubt if any wind band could have given ■ a more musidanly rendition of the Merry ? Wives of Windsor’ overture than we 3 heard in Capitol park.” i The Iron Market [ “During the past week all interest has . centered in the European conflict, and . very little attention has been paid to pig 1 iron,” say Matthew Addy Co. in their - Cincinnati report. "It is a little early to r tell what effect the war wrlll have on * prices of American pig iron, but earnest , students of the iron industry are predict ing that it will be a stimulus to our trade. Of course, it means that our exports to continental countries will be stopped for a time, but on the other hand it is'open \ ing up a wide field for our steel products I in South America. It is claimed that large e rush orders from our sister republics in the southern hemisphere will more than i counterbalance cancellations from Europe. 3 Tn addition, imports will be stopped and 1 there will be no anxiety over the tariff. “A w'eek ago it looked as if there would )t be a further curtailment in steel produc t tion, but events of the past few days hav< entirely changed this. To take care of the t orders that have been coming In, there 1 will have to be an increase. The Stee ® corporation has withdrawn, and Is onlj quoting on Inquiries, orders booked hav tag been taken at an advance of $1 pei _ ton over their recent quotations.” SMITH’S EXPERIMENT & From the Baltimore American., j Congressman Ellsworth R. Rathrick oi New Jersey, joined In when the tall i turned to savage dogs. He said he wai 1 reminded of a party named Smith. 0 Some time ago Smith and a friend wen discussing the dog question, when th< friend remarked that the most vicious do* y might be utterly subdued merely by i person sitting ^own and staring at him 1 “Right you a%» old pal!” was the read: response. “I know, for I once tried it on J Dog was coming at me at the rate of i t mile a minute, and an mat I did was t< 1 sit down and stare at him.” ”1 am glad to hear you say that,” re P sponded the friend, “it is a conflrmatioi * of what science has always maintained/ f “Yes. old fellow,” grinned Smith, ”bu i I should have added that when I sat dowi I chose the top limb of a 60-foot tree.” r !| WAR ECHOES I New York Sun: Dr. Simon Baruch, a | noted bacteriologist, wno served as an army surgeon In the civil war, discussed last night tile report from London that three French army surgeons had been caught by tlK? Germans in an attempt to introduce cholera bacteria in wells from which German troops would use water in traversing the country. He said such a method would be one that could not be detected at once by the taste, but in view of the modern advances in sanitation in the armies of the world he was inclined to doubt that any serious results could fol I low poisoning of wells unless it were ca/ried on on a wholesale scale. ‘ Stories of attempts to poison wells are familiar in the history of the ^forld," said Dr. Baruch, “but there Is no effec tive liquid poison that cannot be detected on tasting the water. The only way to poison a well without its being detected is to introduce typhoid or other bacteria. Although the story is plausible and the thing can be done it would have no very' dangerous effects because it would be dis covered in. less than in week. The case* cculdtbe isolated at once. One well or even many wells could not supply even, one regiment. Usually armies use springs or get their supply from large reservoirs. Springs would wash away the bacteria and they would, have no effect. “The attempt may have been made, but even if 50 cases resulted that would not be serious. Army surgeons are not afraid of cholera or typhoid any more. 1 sup pose the fiends expected to produce a cholera epidemic which would, of course, cripple an army, but it could not be pro duced by poisoning wells unless it was done on a very large scale. In olden times, perhaps, such an attempt would have been serious because then people did not understand how to treat such cases, but now all that is done to protect the rest of tlie troops is to isolate the cases and remove their cause, which would be discovered at once by an examination ot the water, food and milk supply by a bac teriologist, which every army corps now adays takes along. “In most armies in camp or on the march inspection and analysis are made of the food, milk and water before the troops are supplied. I believe the Japa nese army boiled the water given to the troops in the war witli Russia. It would take millions of bacteria, howevei, to poison enough wells to do any serious harm. As far as liquid poisons are con cerned, arsenic, strychnine and other sub stances even when introduced one grain to 600 parts of water are detecible in the taste.” Financial America: Into the black sky of European war the offer of the United States of Us good offices for mediation thrqws a ray of hopeful light. Dispatches from Washington to Finan cial America several days ago stated that our representatives at the capitals of the now belligerent countries had been directed to make cautious inquiries in an effort to sound the attitudes of the va rious involved governments relative to a possible offer of the good offices of the United States as a medium for mediation. The presumption seems reasonable, in view or jthe fact that such an offer now nas been made directly, that this sound ing revealed an attitude not altogether I opposed to the position which the United States was prepared to take. Surely, if opposition to it had been unmistakable, It seems likely the direct offer would not have been made. Everyone will hope with ail sincerity that the offer now made by President Wilson will prove a means for causing a subsidence of the terrible hostilities under way and ultimately a complete cessation of the European wars and an honorable settlement. We are at least encouraged to believe that the offer means there Is now more hope for a settlement than has been en tertained for some days. Washington Cor. New York Sun: AliU tary experts here regard the probable cost of the conflict impending in Europe so vast as to be beyond reckoning. They assert that it is quite impossible to lyake even a guess as to the aggregate ex penses. The American civil war expenses on the union side were ordinarily reckoned at $1,000,000 a day for 500,000 men in the field. Another estimate that 'is often made is that of $1000 a year per man in the field. Assuming that a gwieral conflict will call into the field a maximum of 20,000, 000 soldiers, this basis would bring the total nulitary expenditures alone up to $20,000,000,000, or about $50,000/100 a day. Army officers point out that the military .expense of such a conflict is only a por tion of the actual cost. The shrinkage in security values, the stoppage if agri culture. the diminution of manufacturing and other industries and the Interference with trade and foreign commerce must all be included to arrive at any approxi mate estimate of the vast cost of a war in Europe. New York Times: Word was re ceived here by several whosesale meat shippers that England was taking drastic action for the preser vation of her meat supply to meet the demands of her army and navy, and that this action would force the pr^e of American beef to jump soon. Two ship pers said they had heard on good au thority that England had sent Instruc tions to packers in both Australia and Argentina to forward all meat to Eng land. One shipper said several boats loaded with beef en route to New Ydrk had been ordered to change their course and to take their supplies to the Lon don market. A report was circulated Wednesday night that the wholesale prices of beef were to advance from 2 to 6 cents a pound today. This was denied by Weller & Co. for New York. Mr. Noyes said the market had been steady in the western beef centers yesterday and that there was every indication that it would remain so for the rest of the week at least. He admitted, however, that the war in Europe would have an effect on prices In this country. Mr. Noyes said Wednesday’s reports from Chicago did not indicate any un usual shortage of beef on the hoof ; there, and that the price remained at i the high mark of 10 cents a pound on the hoof. A record price of 1.10 cents, i he said, had been paid for cattle In s Jersey City, but only for small quan ’ titles. The direct effect of the war, he k thought, would be noticeable within a week or two. Native dressed beef sold for 18 cents a pound. Sheep sold for 12 H cents; calves, 18 cents, and pork loins 20 k cent*. . St. Louis Post-Dispatch: Contrast • with President Wilson’s policy of pa ! tlent restraint and unselfish purpose ir Mexico, Austria's brutal aggressior i against little Servia, Germany's insoleni • ultimatum to Russia and France and / ADRIFT WITH THE TIMES ' / . . NATURE FAKING. / The rhino is a funny beast. As sure as you are born. It never seems to have the least Desire to blow its horn. —Youngstown Telegram. The elephant is funny, too, As funny as a monk. One thing it never has to do Is check its little trunk. —Springfield Union. The heron fs a funny bird. Which eats around at will; And never has a body heard It's paid that awful'bill. —Bridgeport Standard. The pelican's an honest bird; It loves to eat its fill; But never asks its friends, I’ve heard. To help It pay its bill. —New York Evening Sun. The porcupine's a fretful cuss, And oft with anger thrills. But don't become an incubus To make us drive Its quills. —New Haven Journal-Courier. The cat, consideration more Than poetaster's use. Displays In exercising not P’or public print her meWh. —Waterbury American. The hyena’s a funny beast He laughs all night, and that Might not be funny if we knew What he was laughing at. —Houston Post. The hippo Is an ugly brute And has a name for guile, But seems these charges to refute With his expansive smile. AN ULTIMATUM. ’’I presume your, father encouraged you, when you tvere young, to strike out for yourself?" "Yes. 1 remember the day quite well.” "What did he say?" "He said, ’Son, you've had your last free meal at home.' ” WORTH CONSIDERING. "If you were a bird, what sort would you rather be?" "Why, an eagle. He's so majestic. What sort of bird would you rather be?" “I guess I'd rather be a Jaybird." "The deuce! Why a jaybird?" "I’ve never seen a jaybird shut up in a zoo.” , ••••■•■■•••••■■•••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••I A LUKEWARM INVITATION. And I thought I was making a hit with her!” ^ hy, she inrited you to come and see her sometime.” I know it. When a girl adds some time* to an invitation to call she means you needn’t be in a hurry about it.” MUCH SAFER. Lieutenant Porte goes home to fight And will not sail across the sea; And now his chance is more than slight To reach the age of ninety-three. ANACHRONISM. Now, in this sketch you play the part of a Greek goddess who comesAo life.” “Nothing doing. 1’fn not that kind ojf girl.” "But you will wear clothes.” “Oh, well, if you’ll doll me up like s queen of the Boardwalk I’ll do it.” ANXIOUS TO FIGHT. The Kaiser says the Czar’s to blame. The Czar of Wilhelm says the same, But one can see with half a glance • That both were itching for a chance. IDLE OPINIONS. People who read esoteric books to ’’rest their minds,” usually do it in bed so they can drop right off to sleep in the second paragraph of page one. Some women who have a great deal of trouble in making up their minds about mest things manage to break through the fog in a jiffy when you ask them what they'll have to eat. A man will stand on a street corner for two hours and a half arguing politics, and then get mad with his wife because she let the biscuits burn while she spent five minutes glancing through a new mag azine. We haven't anything against him, hut the yofeng man who never misses a vnus icale doesn't seem to have much of a pull on the voters. P. C. ••••«•••••••••••«••••••••#•••«■ GREAT TRIALS OF HISTORY TRIAL OF SENATOR MITCHELL THK trial of a United States senator well within the memory of most readers was that of Senator John H. Mitchell of Oregon, who was convicted on July 30, 1906, in the circuit court of his state of a violation of the law of the re vised statutes t») the effect that: “No senator, after his election, and dur ing hia continuance, in office, shall re ceive or agree to receive any compensa tion, directly or indirectly, lor any serv ices rendered or to be rendered to axiy parties, in relation to any pursuit in which the United Slates is a party, di rectly or indirectly interested.” The indictment of Senator Mitchell was in connection with land frauds perpe trated in the state of Oregon on December 7, 1904. S. A. D. Puter and a number of other defendants were convicted of con spiracy to defraud the government out of certain lands in the state of Oregon, and these defendants thereupon made confes sions implicating certain men In high of fices IT Ltr, in his confession, alleged that Ik* had paid Senator Mitchell $JJQ0 for securing Mile hell’s Influence in push ing rough certain fraudulent things in the land office. Upon hearing this charge Senator Mitchell left Washington and reached Portland on December 24, 19ui, fjr tlie purpose of testifying before the grand jury. He appeared before that tody on December SI, and was Indicted for com plicity in the Pci ter conspiracy The same grand jury found a second indictment against him on January 01, 1905, in con nection with the additional alleged con spiracy of fraudulently securing govern ment lands. The indictment on which the senator was convicted was found on Feb ruary 1. It charged In seven different counts an unlawful agreement on the part of the senator in connection with Ms law partner* A. H. Tanner, of receiving an unlawful receipt of certain moneys from Frederick A. Kribs for services rendered in conenction with certain land entries, chiefly timber claims, which w*re i>enditig in the department and in which the United States was interested. There was a fourth indictment found by the same grand jury against Senator Mitchell, in which he was charged with complicity in the conspiracy to create a new forest reserve In the Blue mountains in eastern Oregon, with a view to the profit for private individuals who were interested hi utilising lands already taken up. ' The indictment found on February l is the one which came on first to be tried and was the one which attracted the TOMORROW—TRIAL OF LYON S MAIL ROBBERY «•*•••*••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• her arrogant demands on Belgium; con trast the President's utterances, atti tude and conduct during our crisis with the utterances, attitude and conduct of the heads of European governments. How Mr. Wilson shines! Contrast the results of the policy of peaceful intervention and persistent good will with the results of autocratic aggression. America enjoys peace and prosperity; Europe faces the bloodest and costliest war of history. If the Rresldent had rejected his own view of the duty of a strong nation to a weak, distracted neighbor and had accepted the oounsels of the jingoes we would be engaged In a bloody conflict, the end of which could not be fore seen. There would be war in two con tinents, involving nearly the entire civilized world. We would have lost our opportunity to set an example of patience, justice and forbearance for the world; we would have lost our op portunity to exalt democracy and de fend the interests of the people as par amount to all oih^r Interests; we would have lost our opportunity to prove the soundness and sanity of republican free government. We have lifted up the standard of democratic civilisation. We have given the world a finer vision than it has ever had of national aspiration and of just and humane International dealing. We are reaping the fruits of justice and peace. We are the one civilized na tion without entanglement# that may lead to war. We are the one stable, un disturbed nation to which Europe must come for the necessaries of life and for counsel and aid. The empire of peaceful progress — supremacy In finance, industry and commerce—must inevitably come to us. All that Europe I loses by the chaos and destruction of war we shall gain. When Europe's mil itarism collapses we shall ba stronger • than ever. When Europe's thrones totter we shall be In position to lead her bur dened and afflicted people into the paths of democracy. Our constitutional free government will be a beacon and a refuge for the oppressed. That we have these advantages In this world crisis Is due In large measure to Mr. Wilson's enlightened conscience and practical wisdom. His critics owg him ap apology. THE LOIG-HOl'H MEN From Eeslle's. When close upon the sunset hour The welcome whistle blows, The workman takes his dinner pail And homeward gaily goes. He finds the table neatly spread, And supper smoking hot, And softly hums a little tune, Contented with his lot. He trots the baby on his knee, And when the paper's read, Knocks out the ashes from his pipe, And early goes to bed. His health Is good, ills heart is light, HIb slumber sweet ■ and sound— How different Is It with the men Who make the wheels go roundl The banker, aita before his desk Till far Into the night, A thousand things demand his car* And thread his locks with white. The manufacturer Is late When notes are falling due, And threatened strikes and damage suns The merchant’s path pursue. dti Eight hours, and then the toller drops % His yoke beaide, his tools, Eight hours, and all the spindles rest. The flaming furnace coolt. But still the business man, although His eyes for slesp are dim. Must grind away, there is as yak. _ No eight-hour1l*» Tor him largest share of attention. It was fol lowed on February S by the indictment of Senator Mitchell's law partner, A. H. Tanner, for the crime of perjury. The trial was held before Judge De Haven. His demurrer was based principally on the contention that the indictment did not charge him with knowledge of t receipt of any of the moneys which Krlba had paid and also on the ground that it did not state that Senator Mitchell was a United States senator at the time named. The testimony for the government at tempted to show that the moneys paid by Ivribs were paid in the form of checks drawn in favor of the firm of Mitchell and Tanner; that in every case these checks were deposited to the firm's credit, and that a fewr days after the expiration of the month in which the money was paid, the balance of the flrtu’s credit in the bank was divided, Senator Mitchell receiving his share. One of the strongest points in the gov ernment's case against Senator Mitchell was the testimony of Judge Tanner to the effect that when Mitchell came to Oregon on December, 1901, to appear be fore the grand jury, he and Tanner had entered into an arrangement to prepare a new firm contract, under the terms of which Judge Tanner should be permitted to hold, for his own use, all moneys re ceived by the firm for services rendered in any of the departments at Washing ton. Such a contract was prepared and an tedated March, 1901, the beginning of Mitchell's senatorial terms, and Judge j Tanner appeared before the grand jury with testimony that the fabricated con tract was genuine. Through sharp work on the part of detectives in the service of the government this transaction was run down and Judge Tanner was confronted with such proof of the fabrication of the contract as induced him to turn slate s evidence. Senator Mitchell’s counsel attempted to keep out this fabricated .contract by con tending that Tanner was Mitchell’s at torney at the time and that therefore he could not bo permitted to disclose any communications which had® passed be tween them. The case was closely and capably tried. The trial had lasted from June 22 until July 3. Upon his conviction a new trial was asked lor but was denied on July 16, and on July 26 he was sentenced to pay a fine of $1000 and to serve six months' penal servitude. After his con viction an appeal was made which was pending at the time of his death, on December 8, 1905.