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THE BIRMINGHAM AGE-HERALD
' VOLUME XXXXIV _j BIRMINGHAM, ALABAMA. THURSDAY, AUGUST 13, 1914 12 PACKS NUMBER 99 _ German Troops Active in the Very Heart of Belgium; Kaiser s Army Reported to Have Cleared Frontier of French GERMAN ARMY IS ADVANCING INTO HEART OF BELGIUM Troops Moving North of Liege With Screen of Cavalry Force Along Whole Front of Allied Armies. Difficult to Determine Objective FRENCH MEET DEFEAT Berlin, via London, August 13.—(12:25 a. m.)—German troops near Muelhausen have captured 10 French officers, 500 men, four guns, 10 wagons and many rifles. According to the report, German territory has been cleared of French. It is stated also that at Lagarde German troops took more than 1000 prisoners, about one-sixth of two defeated French regiments. Brussels, via Paris, August 12.—(5:55 p. m.)—The German army has moved north of Liege and is advancing into the heart of Belgium. It is difficult to determine its objective point. There is a screen of cavalry in extraordinary force along the whole front of the allied armies. I A new army corps is investing Liege. The French cavalry is engaged in sharp fighting. Both the German and allied armies are feeling their way. r'Pm* 4 XT n i «r t i r. < • • ............. _ OF PONT A MOUSSGN By No Important Engagement Between French and Germans Announced ENGLAND AND AUSTRIA MAY DECLARE WAR (■erman Troops Successful At Muel hnusen and Lagardc—Fighting Continues In Belgium—Sum mary of War Situation That no important engagement lias occurred between the French and tier mans is indicated by an official an nouncement issued by the French war department that up to Wednesday aft ernoon there bad been no encounters between tile respective forces except those of outposts. Later, however. Paris reported that the bombardment hy the Gomel m* of the im portant town of Pont A Mouhsoii, in the department of Mcurthe-'t-MoseUe. had commenced. This town is 20 miles from Nancy npd hi miles south, southwest of Metz. It was the birthplace of Margue rite of Anjou, wife of Henry VI, of Lug land. An important development in the situa tion is the preparation* the Austrian am bassador is making for ids immediate de parture from London. A London dis pateh says war between Great Britain and Austria "ill be declared. Advancing Into Belgium The German army Is t dvaneing into the heart of Belgium. The forces which have been investing Liege have moved to the north, and a new army corps lias taken their place. Brussels reports that tiie French and British allied forces are concentrated at various important points in Belgium and are prepared to cheek the German advance. From Berlin, German success*'* are an nounced at ^Mulhuusen and I <u garde, with tiie taking of many French prison ers and the clearing of German terri tory of the French, Fighting - oiUJnues around Tirlomont and other Belgian towns and the struggle for t lie possession of the Liege forts; has recommenced. Concentrate 'Troops The Britisli war office information bu reau says most of the 22 German army corps have been located and that the mass of the German troops is concen trated between Liege and Luxemburg. In the endeavor to keep steamship routes clear on the Atlantic the British admiralty and the French government have sent out cruisers and armed mer chant vessels to search for German craft. Russians are mining Vladivostok har bor. The combined Montenegrin and Servian invasion of Bosnia lias begun under the Servian general. Jankovltch, commander of the Servian army corps at Prisrend in the Balkan war. Prince George of Servia is reported to have been wounded while watelling the Austrian bombardment of Belgrade. Bailie In Open Country Brussels, August 12.— (Via. London. 2:10 a. m.) - The first battle in open country is reported in the following of ficial communication: “After having passed the night (Tuesday) in the position they had reached after their retreat of yester-| day. the Germans this morning ad vanced in force toward a point in our j dispositions which they thought was not held. “Our staff, however, was alert and informed by cavalry reconnoisances. was able to give the necessary orders, with the result that the enemy found Its advance checked. An engagement Look place in which our troops were successful. Ten thousand men took part In the fight. “This was the first action of our troops in open country und the con duct is a good augury for the future. Apart from this the situation, tp all appearance, has undergone no change. “ -% re gards our allies, the plan ar ranged beforehand, is being followed out exactly according to programme.'’ ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••a* TODAY’S AGE-HERALI) » —— 1— German troops advance into Belgium. No important engagements between French and Germans Fiiderwood’s analysis "f war situation keen. Carranza and Villa split again. 2— Calhoun fighting solvent creditor*. 2~Hmv big disaster wa • averted. 4— Fditoria I coin men i. 5— Ward algos viaduct contract. rates. I nderwriters tell why they raised rates. Begin sales i«* raise exhibition fund. Go to Washington to urge river im provement. 6»—Society. 7— Sports. 8— -Just realizing what war means to lo cal people. 9— Harvester company ordered dissolved. 11— Markets 12— Not as many enter gold tournament. •.... THE EUROPEAN WAR Wrote to His Father From France Predicting Events Before Declaration HAS BEEN ACTIVE IN PARIS RELIEF WORK Birmingham Young Man Is Connected With Large Firm in Paris and Is a Careful Observer of Events By C. E. STEWART. Washington. August 12.—(Special.)—Ot car W. Underwood, Jr.. who is In Paris, is the worthy son of nn illustrious sire in matters political. Representative Un derwood passed some anxious moments when the war broke out In Europe be cause, while he knew his son’s headquar ters were In Paris, where he is connected with a legal firm, he did not know just where he might be. His mind was set at rest in a few days, however, when the press dispatches carried the Information that young Underwood was engaged in relief work, employing his automobile for the aid of distressed Americans and others. Mr. Underwood Is just in receipt of a letter from his son, crated at Tours, France, July i'9, a short time before the clash between Austria and Servia. Young Underwood's analysis of the European situation in view of what has actually transpired since entitles him to great credit, and discloses the fact that he has Inherited some of his father's genius for things political. That part of Ids let ter devoted to the European conflagra tion is as follows: Writes From Tours "This morning about \ o'clock I heard a great noise in the street and looked out and saw a regiment of Cuirassiers go b.v They are cavalrymen who wear steel breastplates and steel helmets with horse tails hanging down the backs, and n,re the pride of the French army. Thrrd*' arc i wo regiments of them here and three reg.ments of Infantry, «o the place looks like an armed camp. "The European crisis Is just now at Its height. In my opinion, Europe is on the verge of the greatest war in iis history, and it will be fortunate Indeed if It is averted. I have kept up closely with the situation and before the crisis arrived l had given a good deal or time to study ing modern European conditions, so l think l know the conditions underlying the trouble. Briefly, It seems to bo tills: After the Franeo-Prussian war, the Ger man empire having been founded, Bis marck made/ an ally op Austria and in compensation of having deprived Austria of its influence in German affairs, agreed to support it In expansion eastward, and to facilitate its encroachment on Turkey in Europe. Austria's ambition then be* came the possession of the entire Balkan peninsula. The growing spirit of nation alism in tlie Balkan slates of late years, however, lias become a block to Aus tria's plans, and Servia having emerged victorious from the Balkan wars, and Turkey having been eliminated, Austria now takes the murder of the heir appar ent as an excuse to begrn a campaign to annihilate Servin’* growing spirit and it* small hut well trained «rmy. “Servia. on the other hand, is Incensed at the annexation of Bosnia nod Herce govina (in 1909), which is almost entirely peopled by Serbs and other kindred peo ples, and is also smarting under Austria's possession of a part of Albania and its outlet to the sea, which it had partly won from the Turks. As there are mil lions of Serbs and other Slavs in Austria Hungary who will probably assist them. Servia is not afraid of the issue, though it Is plain that it has tried to avert it. KusHia’s Interest “Russia is Interested because in the last decade a ‘Pan Slav' movement has taken on great impetus, ami has obtained a high degree of Influence in the Bal kans. which it regards us highly valuable. Though Russia lias not yet announced Its position clearly, the Indica ions ura that it will not see servia crushed. If Russia attacks Austria. Germany Is likely to support the latter and take the field in order to protect the Rlstmirkian policy. Which was really to make Austria the guardian of the eastern frontier. Ger many's entrance would make France taka the lielci as Russia's ally, and It it diffi cult to see how England and Italy could keep out. hh member* of the triple en tente and the triple alliance. That Is why ♦ lie whole of Europe »s on the verge of wh r “The French people do not want war. but they are prepared for it and very uneasy." “Gold.’’ said Mr. Underwood, “was in free circulation in Paris last night, and has vanished over night-bills anu silver are all one can get today.” Young Underwood’s analysis of the real underlying cause for the great war now ruging in Europe is remarkably clear and comprehensive. Hud this story been flashed to a New York newspaper on the date it was written It would have un doubtedly made a hit for its author. *•••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• Heavy Firing East of the Isle of Shoals Reported Isle of Shoals, N. H.< August 12.—The pound of big guns, apparently to the eastward, on the open sea, late today gave rise lo reports that a naval en gagement had taken place off the New England coast. The reports, however, could not be substantiated. Powerful glasses did not disclose war vessels. Inquiry among the count defense# tic veloped that mortars had been dis charged at Fort McKinley, at Portland. Me., nearly to miles away. In a north erly direction. Home color was given to the story of a battle by the statement of Cap tain Dennison of tlie coastwise steamer Governor Dlngley, at Portland, that hs had sighted a vessel which he thought was a British warship, apparently pur suing another steamship. Be Cautious; It's Cheaper Than Hospital Bills —ThWAT T’WK roc/ of h/AR. /VF FALLS BACK BrimnelM, August 12.—(Via London, S:HO p. m.>—The German cavalry which on Monday and Tuesday spread Itaelf «ut over a front extending from St. Rond to Hannunt at the aame time Mending detachments In the direction of 'Tlrlemont, Hougnerde and Jodolgne, ha* fallen hack except at one point, where they are keeping In contact with the Belgian*. A fight of Importance oc curred today near Tlrlemont, where a thousand German cavalry, with quick firing gun* mounted on horNCM, at tacked a regiment of Belgian lancer*. The latter retired. The Belgians lost two otficer* and a small number of men In killed and wounded. ^ The4,German* are erecting fortifica tion* In the street* of Liege with a view to resisting a possible Belgian attack on the right flank. Belgian aviator* mndc flight* foda> a* far aa I he German J'rojGier. Belgian peasants nccuMc the Gcriuau* oi giving no quarter. Baron Van Zullendc dc lyyelt was abut hy a *ehtry today while riding In an automobile along the Aonitir-Llege road. FIGHT AT LIEGE IS RECOMMENCED Brussels, August 12.— (Via Loudon, 7:20 p. m.)—The light for the posses sion of the Liege forts has recom menced. The Germans erected a bridge at Lixhe for the transport of troops and heavy material and it is possible that simultaneously an attempt will be made to cross the river Meuse in front of Liege, for convoys have been sight ed proceeding toward Hugis. t The German advance is being great ly retarded by the Liege fortifications as they dominate the routes taken by the Germans and also the intervals be tween the forts, thereby preventing the passage of artillery and transport wagons. CORRESPONDENTS ON BELGIAN FRONT Brussels, August 12.— (Via Paris, 12:05 j>. m.)—On the report that oper ations on an extensive scale were im minent, a correspondent, by permis sion of the war department, made a trip along* 20 miles of the Belgian front, visiting the extreme advance and talk ing with officers and men. | The Belgians are on the. alert as lm tportunt bodies of German cavalry are passing through the country above Liege, proceeding in the direction of Tong res and St. Trond. The impression of the correspondent is that no heavy fighting is likely in Belgian Limburg, where the Germans have little or no infantry. By the op position offered by the Belgian troops at Liege, the Germans lost precious time which was profitably employed by the French and British in concentrat ing masses at convenient points. ; The allied forces have been so dis posed as to be supported by fortified positions at many chief points, but lit tle or nothing has been done around Brussels and it is thought the city is being used ns a bait to attract the Germans. The Belgian people are anxious re garding Brussels, as the German cav alry is Carrying raids nearer and near er to the capital, but such considera tions are not likely to have any ef fect on the decisions of the general staJff. , Tt Is certain vast preparations have been made hy the allies, now spread out for battle, and they are likely to move quickly "when the hour to strike comet. GERMANY TRIES * DIPLOMACY AGAIN London. August IS.—13 a. m.)—The Daily Mail says it learns that on Mon day, after the Germans' fruitless as sault on the IJego forts, the German government again approached Belgium through Holland as intermediary, pointing out that Germany had no (Continued on Page Fight) a.......—.............—......****—**— Indianapolis, August 12.—“The league of 1014/* an organization of German Americans, was completed here today, “for the <lual object of obtaining fair presentation in the press of facts In connection with the terrible war now raging In Europe and of obtaining funds to he used In helping the suf ferers* living In Germany/’ John P. Frenxcl, banker, was elected president and the charter members In clude man; off the wealthiest and most prominent cltlxens off Ipdianapoll*. If Is proposed to make the membership as large and widespread ns possible. Boston, August 12_Thy BrUlsh steamer Sagamore of the Warren line left today for Liverpool with six cabin passengers rind 1UM.OOO bushels of grain. ! Prior to salllug her captain was uotl ffled officially that uorth Atlantic ship ping was safe from attack of German warships. Washington, August 12.—Cable ad vices lo lli«. state department today reported the safety of hundreds of Americans In Europe about whom In quiries have been made, among whom arc the following! s«m Antonio, Tex.i llr. Adolph Herff, San Sebastian. Austin, Tex.i Eugene Hremond, Rot terdam. London. August 12.—'The Exchange telegraph’s Nish. Servia. correspondent says a combined Servian and Monte negrin Invasion off Bosnia from Plevlje tTashllja), northwest of Novlbaxar, has begun In three column*, lien. Hndomlr Pntnlk. chief of the Servian general staff. Is III and General .Tankovltch of the Serbian army has taken supreme command off the forces. Seul, Corea, August 12.—German* ar riving here from Vladivostok report that several Russian cruisers. 10 tor pedo boats and eight submarines are engaged In mining the harbor off Vlad ivostok. They say also that l.%0 Ger man reservists and 100 noncombatnnts have left the city, but that TWO other Germans, mostly women and children, remain there by permission off the au thorities. New A ork, August 12.—La Lorraine, which left Now York for Havre Au gust fi with 700 French reservlsls among Its passengers, arrived safely In Havre late today, according to an nouncement by agents of the French line here. Vancouver, B. C„ August 12.—1’nder sealed orders, the hospital ship Prince George sailed early yesterday from Esquimau. Neither the reason for her departure nor her destination was di vulged. She was sighted by the Shtde uoka Alarii about 7.% miles west of Raefe Rocks last night, steaming at full speed In the direction off Capt Flat tery, where the Canadian cruiser Rain bow last waa seen. Parts, August 12.—A German bom bardment off Pout-A-Moussoiy, In the department off Muerthe and Mosel, 20 miles noi Wwest off Nancy, commenced yesterday. A hundred big shells fell In the town, killing and wounding In habitants sad demolishing buildings. Ottawa, August 12.—Canada has can celled licenses to private wireless sta tions. It was explained that messages were being seat which the military authorities do hot want overheard. Holders off private wireless plant licenses have been ordered to dismantle their stations. Paris, August 12.—It Is stated that forts around Liege still are holding out against the Germans and that (Continued on Page Eighty Reports of Increasing Fric tion Between Rebel Lead ers Reach Washington. Names Grievances Washington. Aiigiml 12 (.cnfvni t'nrranxa has ordered held at Tampico a large shipment of a mm on I Hon cou rt* ued to (ieneral Villa, according to official ml vices today to. the Washlng ton government. For many weeks Villa 1ms been recruit ing and buying ammunition, and Car ranza has not objected to shipment of munitions via Tampico. Today, how ever, he called a halt. Reports of Increasing friction between the two constitutionalist leaders reached here today from various sources. General Villa sent to persons here a synopsis of the reasons why he is displeased.with j Carranza's attitude. He sets forth that I he will insist on carrying out the agree ment recently reached at Torreon when the breach tentatively was adjusted. Vil I la's demands. In brief, are: First—That a civil instead of a mill* ! tary government be established through out Mexico and a general election be con ducted by it: that no military chief he provisional President and that no mili tary chief be provisional governor of any state. Villa Military Governor Villa himself Is military governor of Chihuahua, from which post he Is willing to retire, and he wants Carranza to re tire as first chief. Second—Land reforms should be put into effect in accord with the Mexican con stitution and in a lawful and orderly way. Third—The present federal army should be dissolved, but its meritorious officers and men be taken over into the new army of the republic, composed of the constitutionalist forces. Fourth—Amnesty sjhall be given all po litical offenders except those directly re sponsible for the overthrow of Madero and Haurez. The first of Villa's demands is ex actly opposite from Carranza’s pre viously announced programme. The en tire plan as given out by close friends of Villa shows that the fighting gen eral has drafted a scheme with which the present federal army and especial ly the generals now supporting the Carbajal government are entirely in sympathy. Officials. Incidentally, have been advised that, while the federal arjny is evacuating Mexico C^ty to al (Coatlnued o« P*g« El*t»t) LATE WAR BULLETINS . —■ ■ - '■ 1 . ... ..—————- ! GERMANS ADMIT HEAVY LOSSES London, August 13 (2 a. m.)—A Berlin dispatch to the Daily Telegraph, says the German staff admits heavy losses on the Russian frontier. London, August 12 (11:45.p. m.)—Arrangements have been made for the departure tomorrow of the Austro-Hungarian am bassador, Count A. Mensdorf-Pouilly-Dietrichstein, who has been in England for 18 years as secretary, minister and ambass ador respectively, and who is one of the most intimate friends of the British royal family. GERMAN~TROOPS REPULSED St. Petersburg, via London, August 12 (11:45 p. m.)—An at tempt by Germans to occupy Fydtkuhnen, east Prussia, one of the points to which Russian troops were dispatched early in the war, has failed. The Germans, comprising a detachment of infantry with artil lery, were repulsed with loss. AUSTRIANS SUFFER CHECK i Paris, August 12 (11 p. m.)—A dispatch from St. Petersburg ! to the Matin, says: “The Austrians have suffered a check on the Dniester river. Four regiments of Austrian infantry and eight regiments of j Uhlans were routed. The approaching big battle probably will i be a decisive one.” German Dragoons Defeated .Brussels, via London, August 12 (10:40 p. m.)—A regiment of dragoons coining from the direction of Liege, who attempted j to surprise the Belgians at Aineffe, in the province of Liege, were driven off, leaving 153 dead and 102 prisoners. Uhlans have taken upwards of $400,000 from the hank at Hasselt, capital of the province of Limburg. Struggle at Liege Begins Again London, August 12 (7 p. in.)—The struggle between the Bel gians and the Germans for the Liege forts recommenced today. The forts are being fired upon and are returning the fire of the Germans with vigor. The German troops are in movement with the evident inten tion of crossing the river Meuse. Convoys have been sighted proceeding toward Engis, a town to the southwest of Liege. Fresh Phase of War Brussels, via London, August 12 (8:.‘>0 p. in.)—The Germans appear to be commencing a fresh phase of the war. Their at tack through central Belgium having failed, they are entrench-! nig along their Maestricht-Liege front and are employing aj number of peasants on the road south through the provinces of Liege and Luxemburg, foreshadowing an attempt to force their way to the south of the river Ourthe and towards the upper Meuse in France. _ PLANS FOR RELIEF OF SOUTHERN PLANTER WILL ASSUME DEFINITE SHAPE TODAY Washington, August 12.—Plans for relief of the south from embarrass ment growing out of the closing of European markets during the war are expected to assume definite shape here tomorrow. The Southern Cotton congress, com posed of cotton men from every south ern state, will open a special session called to deal with the war situation and southern senators and represen tatives will co-operafe with them in perfecting financial legislation to en able growers to hold g part of the crop over until market conditions be come more nearly normal. One plan for providing tld» relief, details of which have been worked out by southern congressmen In consulta tion with experts of the department of agriculture, will be embodied In a measure introduced tomorrow In the Senate by Senator Hoke Smith and in the House by Representative Lever. The measure will propose establish ment of a chain of licensed and bond ed warehouses, where cotton may be stored and be made the collateral for issuance of emergency currency. The advisability of such action was urged before the Houae agriculture committee today by commissioners of agriculture of th« cotton stales. K. J. Watson, commissioner of agricul ture of South Carolina, and presi dent of the Cotton congress, outlined his view that cotton should be made a stable basis of credit and that, the federal reserve board should be given power to make warehouse receipts a basis for currency Issued under the federal reserve act. His suggestions were Indorsed by E. R. Kone. com missioner of agriculture of Texas; W. A. Graham, commissioner of agricul ture of North Carolina and W. B. Hollingsworth of Georgia. m “We do not want a system of val orization.” Mr. Watson told the com mittee, “We do not want the gov ernment to advance money to the holders of cotton. We want you to have the money to finance this crisis, on proper security, and we want the money withdrawn just an soon as the need for it hu passed." frfoiih •£»&. ',*k & England Sends Cruisers To Protect Trade Routes London, August 12 (7:07 p. m.)—The admiralty has sent out cruisers to ply the Atlantic and protect trade • routes. The Fnench government also has sent out warships to search for nraisers. “The enemy’s ships.” says the official Bikini ratty report, “will he hunted contin ually and although some time may elapse before they are run down, they will be kept too busy to do much mischief. **A number of fast merchant vianeli fitted and armed at British arsenals also are patrolling the routi# and keeping L .A*. ' *. *.... - I them clear of German commerce raid ers. With every day that passes. British control of trade routes, especially those of the Atlantic, becomes stronger, in the north sea, where the Germans have scattered mines Indiseriminately, and where the moat formidable operations .of the naval war are proceeding, the admi ralty can glvs no re-aasurancss."