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E. W. BARRETT.Editor. Entered at the Birmingham, Ala., postoffice as second class matter under act of Congress March 3, 1879. Daily and Sunday Age-Herald . fS.OO Daily and Sunday, per month.TO Daily and Sunday, three months. 2.00 "Weekly Age-Herald, per annum. 50 Sunday Age-Herald. 2.00 A. J. Eaton, Jr., O. E. Young and AY. H. Overbey are the only authorized traveling representatives of The Age Herald in its circulation department. No communication will be published without its author's name. Rejected manuscript will not be returned unless stamps are enclosed for that purpose. Remittances can be made at current rate of exchange. The Age-Herald will not bo responsible for money sent through the mails. Address, THE AGE-HERALD, Birmingham, Ala. Washington bureau, 20T Hibbs build ing. European bureau, 6 Henrietta street, Covent Garden. London. Eastern business office, Rooms 48 to 60, inclusive, Tribune building. New York city; Western business office, Tribune building, Chicago. The S. C. Beckwith Special Agency, agents for eign advertising, TELEPHONE Bell (private exchange connecting nil tlcpnrtnicnts), Main 4IMMI. Yet yon see how the world goes—I sec It feelingly. —King Lear. BEGINNING THE DAY—O 'God, give me contentment. Help me to work hard enough to find satisfac tion In my labor. Help me to live sincerely enough to fear no man. May I dig up enough In my place to discover the gold; and climb high enough to see the stars. May I II* c as If permanently. In Christ’s name. \mcn.—H. M. E. A Old Fashioned Cooking Now that the fashionable hotels in this country are confronted with a dearth of French cooks, on account of the war in Europe,ia great niany na tive-born Americans who have per suaded themselves that they can’t eat any but French dishes, may be com pelled to resume a wholesome ac quaintance with the sort of fare they delighted in “back on the farm.” With out any wish to disparage the art of French chefs, considered by epicures to be quite beyond disparagement, it must not be overlooked that they cater to jaded appetites. They special ize in sauces and in “complicated’ dishes that sometimes have a delicious taste and a most infernal effect on a digestive apparatus that is not in first rate condition to start with. If this country were entirely de prived of its French cooks, who have become well nigh indispensable in the sort of hotels that cater to the wealthy and the elite, there would doubtless be much wailing and literal gnashing of teeth, but personally we find it hard to sympathize with the person who can’t get along on “home fare.” All mothers are not good cooks, but most of the old fashioned mothers knew enough about the art to excel in it, or capably direct it, and what the white mothers were unable to do the black “mammies” never failed to per form in the south where their skill was proverbial. Even if all the Gallic chefs do go home to fight and the old ones who remain in this country are not as skillful as some of the younger and more modern chefs, there will be plen ty of good cooks lef^ in the land and so long as they confine their opera tions to plain, wholesome food that is eaten strictly on its own ijerits and doesn't have to be artfully seasoned to make it more appetizing, the na tion as a whole will hardly come to gastronomic grief. Increasing Interest ii» Library The public library in the city hall is steadily increasing in popular in terest. While many cities boast of larger libraries than Birmingham, few can compare more farvorably in the range or value of reference books 01 in the general efficiency of service. A considerable proportion of the money subscribed recently for the purchase of new books is being ex pended in standard histories and works on technical subjects. Works or engineering and chemistry are in more demand than ever and it will be en couraging to friends and supporters of the library to be informed that the calls for books of a trivial character decrease rather than increase. The library is doing an educational work of far reaching value. As a cen ter of cultural activity its importance cannot be over estimated. The library is kept up chiefly by private subtler ip tions. The canvass for funds made Iasi spring met with a generous responsr and it is believed that as the usefulness of the institution is more widely ap preciated voluntary donations, boti in money and books, will be largely it evidence. A Beneficent Co-operation Throughout the early part of thi year many leaders in the busines. world manifested deep-rooted opposi tion to the democratic administrator at Washington. There were not a fev calamity howlers, and among this class were many prominent finan ciers. But when President Wilson made il plain that he was not opposed to “big business” as such, that he desired only legislation that would curb such I ' monopoly as was in restraint of trade, ; and further, that he was only too glad to confer with great bankers and rep resentatives of great corporations, the friction between the administration and the business world began to di.5* appear. When foreign nations became en gaged in war the business situation in this country required the co-operation of all interests, governmental and pri vate, to steady it. The stre^l and strain brought about a better under standing and a closer co-operation be tween business men and the government than had existed before. Never was there a finer national “get-together” spirit. Men of all parties and men of all shades of opinion have been ready to uphold the administration, and the administration has rot hesi tated to invite the counsel of finan ciers and men of affairs of recognized ability. The conference of bankers with federal officials in Washington two or three days ago proves, as President Wilson said, that “the antagonism be tween the government and business is at an end.” No one can form any idea of how long the European war will last. It may be over by the first of October; it may be Christmas before the bel ligerents are ready for peace. But no matter how long the old world is in a disturbed condition, President Wilson will end his first term not only with a harmonious party back of him, but i he will have the cordial respect of the captains of industry and the captains of finance. President Monroe lived through an era of good feeling. Hu manly suca!' :-- ■ ” ' ’ ■ ■’ wBson will have a similar experience. And that he will witness a r,“— of nrosperi' - goes without ff"1"" An Ominous Silence The censorship imposed by the British and French governments on all dispatches concerning the war is the most rigid ever known. Yesterday it grew even more strict, and practically nothing was permitted to trickle through to an anxious world to indi cate operations at the seat of war. Only one item of real significance was passed. This was the announce ment that the seat of government of Belgium had been removed from Brus sels to Antwerp, indicating that the Germans are continuing their turning movement and pushing forward. Af ter performing wonders of valor, the Belgians are being gradually driven back on the main line of the allies. But great things are going on be hind the wall of silence. The first u* cisive battle of the war cannot be much longer delayed. It may be only a question of hours until the main Ger man army comes in contact with the line of allied troops stretched from the River Meuse to the River Moseile. When that is accomplished it is probable that the men of the armies of the Moselle and the Rhine will be loosed and the world will tremble be fore the greatest struggle of history, a battle front stretching from Basle to Lille, 266 miles, and involving mil lions of men. The more stringent censorship can only be accepted as an indication of niomgntous events. Even now the great struggle may be on, and a breathless world breathlessly awaits the result. No Loans to Belligerents The “sinews of war” were never more needed in Europe than now. Every foreign nation engaging, or about to engage, in hostilities needs more money than is readily available at home. Every one of the nations of Europe has had its eye on Wall street in the United States of America. Certain foreign countries' in a state of war not only needed large financial aid, but they knew that bankers of the United States could provide it, and so they could. J. P. Morgan & Co. and other great Wall street concerns not only had millions upon millions to loan, but they were eager to negotiate war bonds provided the administration at Washington did not object. President Wilson decided promptly that American loans should be made only to neutral powers. His intima tion to the New York bankers that loans by American banks to any of the belligerents would be against this country's public policy settled the matter. Mr. Morgan and others readily acquiesced in Mr. Wilson’s view. European nations needing money tc carry on the war feel sorely disap pointed in not obtaining funds froir America. The administration’; “ruling” was based on principle, bul at the same time it was felt, no doubt, that the failure of European nations to receive relief from New York would tend to shorten the war. It is hard for any country to engage in war without ample means to pay the soldiers and mejet expenses. President Wilson will be applauded by the people of this country for his firm stand. The Germans are giving no quarter reads a headline. Probably one reasor why Americans lack funds with which to get out of Europe. More people would succeed in this lif< if they could come to realize that thej have to get down in order ty 'po up. Dolls have superseded the Pom and the Pekingese in the favor of Parisian wom en of fashion. Formerly it was common to see a woman walking with a poodle attached to her wrist, hut the new craze for dolls has made the poodle a back number. The fickle Fartsienne Is not content with one doll, but must have a collection, the larger the better. All sorts of dolls are In evidence. There are French dolls, German dolls. American dolls, In dian papooses, pickaninnies, Dutch, Jap anese and other varieties. A certain well known actress of the French capital has a trunkful of dolls which she takes with her when she travels. It is said that every country on the globe is rep resented in this doll family. The actress who owns the dolls is frequently seen walking in the Bols with several of them in her arms. Queen Wilhelmina of Holland inspects troops while the prince consort is engaged in Red Cross work. It appears that the Queen makes the prince consort a handy man around the throne. Speculators who Wry to take advantage of th^ war scare to gouge consumers of foodstuffs ought to be given a chance to ruminate behind prison bars. Searchlights arc playing an important part in the European war. If the Kaiser’s soldiers belonged to the union they wouldn’t work after dark. It is to be hoped that nothing serious will happen to Professor Garner, who is stranded abroad with two “talking” go rillas on his hands. And it wasn't very long ago that Mme. Calllaux was as prominent in the news papers as the Kaiser Is now. If only the good died young a big por tion of the world's population would be housed in old people’s homes. Madame Nordlra left tfn estate of more than a million, which shows that her notes were worth something. There seems to have been a joker con cealed in the treaties made by the pow' ers that are now at w'ar. It is now proven beyond all doubt that a big army and a big navy don't mean peace, but ultimate war. Some Americans didn't know how to appreciate their native land until they got stranded in Europe. The crafty Japs see a fine chance to grab some territory and prove (?) their loyalty to England. Just as present the price of sugar Is an exemplification of the adage that sw’eets of life come high. One reason why some women are good is that they have not learned how easy it is to be otherwise. The Dutch are not itching for a scrap, but if trouble comes their way they won't be caught napping. As yet no one has accused the dove of peace of putting the squab in the Euro pean squabble. As a general rule only the elevator boy takes the ups and downs of life with equal thanks. There is plenty of room In the Atlantic to fight, and also to run. • --— Things go by contrast. Oftentimes a hot-head has cold feet. THE BELGAIN SPIRIT From the New York Sun. The astonishing valor of the defenders of Liege has inspired the whole of Bel gium with a quickened determination to light to the last ditch to prevent a viola tion of the rights of the Fatherland. The people there are helping to the utmost, opening their houses as hospitals. Many of the large stores are filled with beds and red crosses are painted on the doors. The people are not excited, but are ex tremely anxious. They eagerly buy pa pers with bulletins telling of the progress of the siege. Meanwhile the desperate conflict continues. It has been wag' d by day in brilliant sunshine and at night in clear moonlight except w’hen a sharp thunderstorm seemed temporarily to halt the attackers. f The gunners at the forts, stripped to the waist, refused to leave their posts, how ever, and hurriedly ate and drank their food standing by their gun® The higher ground around the city is shrouded in smoke, which hangs still in the quiet air. The corn in the fields spread over a wide area along the frontier Is trampled or burned and the fields are strewn with corpses of men and horses. Many villages have been burned or wrecked. All the civilians who were caught carrying arms were shot down summarily. Dolhain escaped because the inhabitants did not resist. LIKE M'LllvE SAYS From the Cincinnati Enquirer. Most of us have little trouble follow ing the Biblical admonition against lay ing up treasures here on egrth. Why is it that a man will grudge a min ister $5 for tying the knot and yet will gladly pay a lawyer $500 to untie It? Lots of patriots are willing to die for their country. But they insist upon dying of old age. Some men are born unlucky and others marry for money. When a girl has shapely ankles and < new silk stockings she simply can’t keep I her shoe strings tied. One reason why a dog looks so intel I ligent Is because he never starts to talk and show his Ignorance. After a man has been married long enough he learns that the only way 10 argue with a woman Is to slam the door and keep on going. Nearly ^very man owns a patent cigar lighter that won’t light. The old-fashioned woman who used to put everything she had In her stocking now has a daughter who puts everything she has on her back. <Lots of fellows who always keep a ' corkscrew' and a beer opener on their j key rings never have enough to purchase | a drink. Friend W’ife can't see my harm in gam bling if her husband wins. But it isfl different if he loses. If there were any truth in the early rising theory the milkmen would have all the money In the world. When a woman watches another woman cook a meal she always goes around and tells the neighbors that the other woman uses too much butter. It is funny how a woman likes to wash dishes when she is away from home and how she hates the job when , she is at home. Before marriage all they talk about is clothes and men. After marriage all they talk about is men and clothes. IN HOTEL LOBBIES HunlnfNN Improvement “Business conditions seem to be set tling down to normal,” said Frank Clark of Knoxville, of the firm of Clark Sr Jones. “Trade is rather quiet in New York city, but we are expecting an im provement in the near future. “Hero in Birmingham I ^lnd business quite active. The more I see of this city the better I like it. Its growth will continue at a rapid rate, and no city in the south has such a great future." It ran riling Concert Orcheatras “I read with interest tfte editorial in The Age-Herald entitled ‘Music and Music,’” said a prominent local musi cian. "1 was surprised to learn that At lanta’s concert orchestra, which was re garded as quite an institution three or four years ago, was deteriorating and that it would probably be disbanded. Atlanta has made a brilliant success of Its annual grand opera festival: but It Beems that music in general Is no long ?r appreciated there. “Many cities not much larger than Atlanta or Birmingham have good con cert orchestras, and I believe we could organize an orchestra here this fall that would be a credit to this communi ty. Of course, we cduld not expect to start off with a full symphony orches tra; but for a beginning we might have an orchestra of 25 or 30 men which 'ould render acceptably all the stand ard overtures and not a few of the symphonic poems and lighter sympho nies. It seems that Atlanta had to send away for a conductor. There are at least three musicians here of orchestral experience who are recognized as au thoritative conductors, that is, con ductors who can interpret in master Btyle the best music.” Shelby County's Good Hoads “Shelby county is about to complete 75 miles of good roads,” said Judge A. R. Longshore, judge of probate of that county. “We voted bontis to the amount of >275,000 and the results so far fully justify the outlay. We are advertising for bids for a section of road running from Vandiver, in Shelby county, to the Tefferson county line, near Leeds. With this built and a small portion of the Vandiver-to-Columbiana road soon to l>e completed, we will have a good road if, say 50 miles, all in all, from Co lumbiana to Birmingham. Then, you knowr, the Columbiana-to-Wilton road uosses the Birmingham-to-Montgom iry road in Shelby county at Calera. The distance from Columbiana by this route IS 44 miles. Thus it will be seen 3ne may travel in a complete circle, so o speak, from Columbiana via Leeds to Birmingham and home by way of Ca era, a distance of 04 miles. “Newell Brothers did the contract work on all of our roads thus far juilt, and wo have not figured out he exact cost per mile, but we will nave money enough to complete the roads now planned from our bond- is sue.” Monarchies anti Republics “I will not venture even a guess is to how long the terrible war will last, but it will be no surprise to me f Germany becomes a republic as a result of the bloody conflict,” said a professional man. “If Germany can defeat the powers that are combined against the fath erland tjt«*n the empire might siirvive for a time, but I can but think that many persons now living will see a great German republic. “One by one the nations of the earth that have been ruled under old nion archial forms jvill set up republics. In all probability before the first half of this century is run Italy, Austria, Russia, Belgium and Holland as well as Germany will join the procession of republics. The British monarchy will in my opinion be the last to topple. Royalty costs England millions of dol lars a year—about $5,000,000, I believe —but the Britishers have a liking for such a monarchical government as theirs, a government really more dem ocratic than our republic of the Uni ted States. And the very fact that the King has only nominal authority and tligt the people through their elected leaders rule is why I say ‘Mis Britannic Majesty’ will be a familiar term 100 years or more hence." Congressional Elections “Six months ago it looked as if the democrats would have a small majority, if any, in the next House of Representa tives, but I believe now there will be a decisive democratic victory,” said A. T. Spalding of 'Chicago. “I have never taken a particularly ac tive part in politics, but it is plain to see that the democratic administration is gaining steadily in popularity. During tlie lust two or three weeks I have been through at least a dozen different con gressional districts. Eight of them were democratic two years ago, and they will go democratic again in November. There is no question but that President Wilson is making more than gooi^” Cotton Situation It seems to be generally understood that the cotton crop will be financed so as to assure reasonably good prices to the farmer. Alabama has a bumper crop, and there will be as much money in cir culation in this state during the holidays as there was last year, which was a year of great prosperity in the south. One of the best informed and most conservative brokerage houses in New York has just issued a circular on the cotton situation which says in part: The first problem is to take care of about 300,000 bales during the current month, 500,000 bales or there abouts during September, and at least 1.500.000 bales in the month of October. This, however, should not be a particu larly difficult proposition provided our manufacturers awake quickly to their ex traordinary opportunities. The stocks of cotton goods in this country are moder ate and no imports are likely for the present. Home mills, therefore, have a clear field as far as domestic consump tion is concerned, and in addition the markets of*Latin-America and the far east are open to them without competition for the first time. "It is true that there are but 31,000,000 active spindles in the United States, but their capacity could easily be augmented 50 per cent and there is little question that if converters w'ould extend their opera tions to the limit profitable markets would be found for such Increased output in Central and South America alone. The benefits resulting would be lasting. Once opened up to our goods thees new mar kets would be secured, in a measure at least, for all time. Domestic spindles con sume on an average about 600,000 bales of cotton a month. If then the monthly con sumption were increased 50 per cent to 750.000 bales, the early season's arrivals would not be a weight upon the market * and such an adjustment of deinund to supply would stabilize prices at a level Insuring a fair profit to the producer. The American manufacturer has never been slow to take advantage of changed con ditions to Increase his output in new fields and It is reasonable to suppose that awake as he must be to the present situa tion no stone will be left unturned lit an cltort to grasp the present golden oppor tunity for Increasing our textile trade permanently In other countries. Granting then that such will be the case, there seems good reason to believe, especially In view of the probably successful efforts of out government and the banks to ad just credits and finances to the disturbed conditions, that further price demoraliza tion in cotton will be avoided and a bet- j ter condition of affairs wjll exist just as soon as the market is relieved of weak accounts, which are still to be settled." WAR ECHOES Army and Navy Journal: In the sea fights which the warshlpg of Great Brit ain and France will engage in against Germany the various engines of war will receive a supreme test. Claims and controversies which have engaged the attention of naval experts for many years regarding ships, guns, armor, etc., may at last be settled in lhe greatest naval fight in all history. There will be the question of the big battleship against the smaller, the ar mored cruiser, or battle cruiser, against the unarmored cruiser, and oil fuel against coal. The Important question of fleet communication by day and night and the increased use of wireless will be among the important elements of the struggle. Then the battle airships, mine laying and scouting airships, seaplanes and aeroplanes will be given ample op portunity of demonstrating their value, but as we have stated many times pre viously we believe their principal value will be for observation. The anti-air craft guns abroad ship and the aircraft guns will probably come into play and the various auxiliary vessels and turbine engines will receive the most severe test. The torpedo boat destroyer class of ves sels particularly, and also the submarines, are expected to play a far more impor tant part in tills war than they did in the Russo-Japanese war. In the British navy no less than 20 new destroyers were commissioned last year, against 15 the previous year. Most of these vessel! have a length of 200 feet, and most of them have a speed of over 29.5 knots. In the design of British destroyers special regard is given tw the attainment of high speed on heavy seas, and thus in com parison with vessels of the same class in foreign navies the true test would not be fair weather steaming at the rate possible with a North sea gale blowing. One or two of these vessels attained a sea speed of nearly 30 knots. In the case of submarine, nine new vessels were commissioned last year. These latter are of various designs and range up to ves sels of considerable size. The details are kept secret. During 1913 six large destroyers were added to the French navy, all over 30 knots. Twenty submarines were laid down since 1910, most of which are in commis sion. In maneuvers the work of the French submarines has been classed as very successful, and the extended opera tions gave a wide experience to officers and men. The 12 German destroyers of 1912-13 have been completed. The designed speed of all the recent boats is 3?.5 knot£ The boats have been kept very actively at work. The submarine boats completed number about 30. During 1913 24 subma rines were kept in commission. The six Austrian destroyers of 800 tons have been completed and have steamed on trial from 32.5 to 33.5 knots. Four teen submarines are in the list, of which six are of the 230 to 300 tons type. The Russian destroyer Novik, of 1200 tons, made a speed of 37.3. Several sub marines have been launched in the Black sea. Great progress has been made in the air service for both the army and navy. The government- programme in cluded 330 aeroplanes. Paris Special New York Times: An of ficial communication Issued today says that since the beginning of the war the German people have been systematically deceived by false news circulated by a large German agency, with the object of making Germans believe their troops had gained great advantages. It adds that there has been an absolute suppression of all news disadvantageous to the Ger mans. The French government, it is stated, has decided to issue a daily news bulletin for distribution among the French troops. This will be composed of reports of field operations and of important events in France, the object being to create a strong link between the French soldiers in the field and their relatives. The decision to is^pe this bulletin was reached as a result of correspondence be tween Adolphe Messimy, French minister of war, and Premier Viviani. M. Messimy writes: “Our armies cover a front of more than 250 miles, from the North sea to Switzer land. Among the several millions of men each ofTicer and each soldier is lost. He is given over to the Impressions of the moment and of the place where he is, and is without news of the others and without news of the war. “I believe it to be necessary to send to all those fighting under these conditions the comfort of a dally newspaper. 1 would have the soldiers constantly meas ure the importance of their Individual ef fort in the national task and by this thought create among them a generous emulation. “I wish the soldiers to learn with what care the nation surrounds the parents, the wives, and the children they have left behind them while they consecrate tnem-1 selves to their great task—a task glorious because their sacrifices are the price of the independence our country and of the grandeur of France In the triumph of right and liberty." Premier Viviani responded, approving of the suggestion with much feeling. London dispatch to New York Sun: The Times’ Brussels correspondent tele graphs an interview with Victor H. Duras, American vice consul at Liege, who was an eyewitness of the first two days’ attack on «hat city. Mr. Duras is quoted as saying tha^ the German army underestimated the fight ing qualities of the Belgians and paid a terrible penalty for their own daring. The Belgians, he says, allowed the Germans to pass the forts and advance toward the city itself, and then attacked them in the rear, while Belgian Infantry faced them. He estimates the German casualties as from five to ten times greater than the losses of the Belgians. “Speaking as a neutral." Mr. Duras is quoted as saying, “it seems to be a part of the new railtary tactics of the German ADRIFT WITH THE TIMES SHAKESPEARE CONDENSED. They are making over Shakespeare into vaudeville tabloids.—News Note. Th’ immortal bard In vodevil— We surely are surprised; And though we read Tis so decreed. We can’t believe our eyes. “Macbeth” in 20 minutes, And what a lovely chance, “Hamlet” to do its laughs arp few— With a little song and dance. JUST RIGHT. “I see by the papers that large areas of land in Holland ha\% been flooded to a 3epth of three feet av a precautionary measure.” “That s a good idea. Too deep to march through and not deep enough for battle ships.” 1 NEW ORDER TO HIM. “Say, Bilkins. what’s a Uhlan?” “Search me. I’m familiar with Eagles, Owls, Elks, Moose and a few others, but I never heard of a lodge of Uhlans.” TWO EXCERPTIONS. “I*a, what kinds of languages were spoken at the tower of Babel?” "All kinds, son, except possibly baseball and Esperanto.” HARD TO WIN. “You don't seem to be making much progress with Miss Benders.” “That depends on what you mean by ■progress.’ I dare say I’ve tangoed at least a hundred miles with her, but I don’t seem to be any nearer her heart than I was a month ago.” DRIVEN TO DRINK. A hard-working fellow named Guff Said liquor was terrible stuff, But when he got married And found himself harried, He simply could not get enough. LIGHT STUFF. “Ah. Glad fa! Cultivating your mind, I see.” "No, indeed, father. I’m merely reading hammock literature.” ARTISTS ALL. "The dentist is an artist," said The funny Mr. Heath; "The pencil doesn't earn him bread, But I’ve seen him draw teeth. ] —Cincinnati Enquirer. "The barber is an artist, too," Quoth waggish Mr. Lutz; i "For every story he tells you He illustrates with tuts." —Columbia State AmandH is an artist, too. Although she says she ain't; She wouldn't know just what to do I Without her rouge and paint. —Youngstown Telegram. Hamfat thinks he's an artist when He's playing to the gallery; And though applauded now and then, He cannot draw his salary. THREE KINDS. "I wonder what woald be the price of an omelette in Paris now?" "That would depend on whether you or dered it made of 'new-laid' eggs, fresh; eggs or just eggs." THE REASON. "I wonder tvhv," Said William Pry, "Men will not stick to water?" ( "That's plain to see," Said Missus P., > , "They can't drink more 'n thcj!> oughter.” IDLE OPINIONS. The average young man seldom works as hard as he plays. Many a youth who "foots it featly" through the dance couldn't foot a bill to save his life. I Some women remark, "Say, what you please,” and then talk so fast they don’lj^ give you a chance to say anything. \ There is too much slang used by chil dren nowadays. Recently a preacher told a little girl that she ought to go to Sun day school and she answered, “Ish ka bibble." I Thcrg is no human failing more com mon than vanity and none there Is less excuse for. p. "c. GREAT TRIALS OF HISTORY TRIAL OF THELLUSSON WILL CASE NO WILL# case during the last cen tury created as much excitement as did that of the disposition of lis property by Peter Thellusson, a Lon-, Ion merchant. This case was carried ilong in the London courts for two de cades. At the present time the fortune 3f the merchant would be considered very nconsiderable, but the disposition of an estate in 18i»9 of $.1,000,000 was something very unusual in England. Thellusson had three sons, all of whom were married. It was his desire in life that they should found their own for tune as he had done. He took the very best legal advice when he decided to make his will. He left his sons a few trifling legacies and the remainder he placed in the hands of trustees. It w'as to accumulate until every man, woman and child of his offspring should also be defunct. No one of the children or grandchildren should ever be richer for Peter's wealth. When the will wras opened, at the death the father, all the relatives were sad ly disappointed. They were destined to live the life of Tantalus and to see this great pagoda-tree growing up before them, yet never Yo pluck one unit of ils fruit. The terms of the will enjoined that when the last survivor of all the nine descendants should yield up his breath, then the charm was to end. Then the great mountain of accumulated w’ealth was to be divided into three portions, and one-third was to be given to each of the “oldest male lineal descendant’’ of the three sons. He ended his will by saying that he hoped the legislature would not waiter it. Of course, the first thing that followed was a chancery suit of the fattest bulk. The common sense view' would have been to set aside the will as the product of a diseased mind. But Lords Loughborough, Alvanley and Eldon were led by their love of art to admire the skill of the maker of the will. The litigation was first carried to the House of Lords, where it was confirmed. Then the legislature took it up and de cided that the devising property for the purpose of accumulation should be re strained In general to 21 years after the death of the testator. Then the English j§j courts of chancery took the case In hand ,9 and for no years, even after all the I children and grandchildren were dead, 9 they continued to haggle over the will [|| and draw from the accumulated sum to 9 pay them for their time. 9 The last survivor of the nine lives ef- MB fected by the will died in February, 1S56. I Then arrangements' were made to carry B out the final part of the will—its division 9 into three parts. Another stumbling block 9 wms then in the way, for there were two 9 who were oldest in the point of lineage H and two who were oldest in point of per- ^9 sonal age. Old Fetor's object was to make the^H heap very large at its division, but in- I stead tlie court of chancery had so clipped 9 and palliarded the rich merchant’s oak 9 that when it came to the final division B it was a very little larger than originally. 9 In fact the purse-proud old man had dls- H inherited his own children only to fatten 9 a generation of lawyers, and instead of 9 his name being associated with the foun- 8 datlon of a house of fabulous wealth, was B only known in connection with an abor- B tive scheme of vulgar vanity. Jj In consequence of the failure of male 9 lineal descendants on the part of one B of the family when the partition arrived B the trust property became divisible Into 9 two lots only. In the suit ‘The Hon. Ar- JS1 tliur Thellusson vs. I,ord Itendlesham utulfH others,'’ the question was who was the “eldest male lineal descendant1’ of Peter Isaac. The case was first heard before the S master of the rolls, who decided In favor B of T,ord Rendelsham. Then it was ap- 9 pealed before thi House of Fords, happily jfl for the litigants the court of supreme and I final Jurisdiction. The learned lords dc- B llvered their several opinions. On the 111 9th of June, 1859, Just 62 yeaHs after tho 9 cruel and Insane old man i.ad bequeathed I his legacy of dispute and litigation to I his children and his children's children. 9 the Hotlse of Fords put an end to his 9 power of inflicting further mischief by -■ pronouncing their final Judgment. Finally c K the decree of the lower court was sus-11 talned. and laird Rendelsliam was given B preference over Hon. Arthur Thellusson I as to the rightful person io a share of th# I merchant's fortune. ■ TOMRROW—TRIAL OF CAPTAIN DYSON army to fight as much as possible in tne night time. Comparatively little fighting occurred at Uege during the day. "The scheme of the Belgian defense seemed to be not to make any serious resistance to the attack until the Ger man troops were actually past the forts. Then, when they were close up to the town, and their several bodies trying to effect a juncture, fire was opened upon them from the forts behind, and. from rifles and machine gunB in front, so they were caught in a trap and retreat was cut off. There was nothing for them to do but to be shot down or surrender. "The amount of suffering on both sides, owing to an inability to deal promptly with the wounded, was very great, but especially to the Germans, whose casual ties were from five to ten times as num erous as those among the Belgians. "The Germans paid a terrible penalty for the boldness of their scheme of at tack, which, from a military point of view, could be justified only by a convic tion on the part of the German officers that they would meet with only the fee blest resistance. The mistake they made was in underrating the fighting qualities of the peaceful Belgians." New York Times: Shortly after the opening of hostilities the German Kai ser. following the precedent established by William I, reinstituted the famous; Order of the Iron Cross. King Frederick William III of Prus fna founded the order on March 10, 1813, as a reward for services rendered to the Fatherland in the Napoleonic wars. The plainness of the Iron insignia was In tended to remind Us wearers of the hard times that had brought it into be ing. It was a small iron Maltese Cross inlaid with a narrow silver band just inside the beveled' edge. The only other marks upon it were three oak leaves In the center, the royal Initials F. W. surmounted by a small crown, and the date 1813. As Is customary in the case of royal orders, there were two classes and a grand cross, the latter twice the regular slse. In 1841 a permanent en* dowment was added, paying fixed an nual sums to the wearers of the decor ation. On July 10, 1870, the day that France again declared war on Prussia, the or der was rtevived by King William I on the same conditions as originally in stituted. At that time the three oak leaves were dropped, and the letter W, the crown, and the date 1870 were sub stituted for the original marks, but the three leaves were restored by air order of the imperial council In 1895. Thor decoration as revised in 1870 has bee™ boptowed on 48,574 German warriors of^ alTclasses, including those coming from German states outside of Prussia. The Grand Cross is conferred only on ^ commanding officers who have won a decisive battle followed by the forced retirement of an enemy, for the capture of an important fort, or for successfully defending a fort against the enemy's capture. In addition to the soldiers who have won the cross for individual acts of distinguished valor it has been granted to all the members of regi ments that have performed especially meritorious service. There is no decora- . tion for a German military man that) carries with it greater glory than the . Iron Cross, and it is significant that the thousands of veterans who possess this priceless decoration have always been looked upon with the most profound respect by the entire German public. i A POET’S PROPHECY j By Alfred Tennyson. j' For 1 dipt into the future, far as human eye could sec, j Saw. the. vlslofi of the world, and all the 'wonder that would be; Saw the heavens fill with commerce, ar gosies of magic sails, ! Pilots of the purple twilight, dropping down with costly bales; Heard the heavens fill with shouting, and there rain'd a ghastly dew From the nations' airy navies grappling in the central blue; 49* ^*ar along the world-wide whisper 6f yjjC south wind rushing warm, With the standards «*t the peoplap plung ing through the thunderstorm; ‘ Till the war drum throbb'd no longer, and the battle flags were furl'd j! In the Parliament of Man, the Feder* tion .of the World!