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THE BIRMINGHAM AGE-HERALD
' VOLUME XXXXIV BIRMINGHAM, ALABAMA, FRIDAY, AUGUST 21, 1914 12 PAGES MEMBER 107 ' % _ _ ___ , Germany Will Disregard Javanese Ultimatum; Bloody Fighting Continues Along the Frontier GERMAN CAVALRY TAKE BRUSSELS; BELGIA NS RETIRE Official Paris Report Says Belgian Capital „ Is In Hands of Kaiser’s Troops—Strong Column Follows Movement—Germany Will Disregard Ultimatum From Japan. i London, August 20.—(9:32 p. m.)—According to information received in Official circles here this evening Emperor William has ordered that re sistance be made to the last to Japan’s attempts to oust Germany from Ciauchau. ___ Paris, August 20.—(11 p. m.)—The German cavalry have occupied Brussels. This official announcement was made tonight. Strong columns are following up this movement. The Belgian army is retiring on Antwerp without having be^jv. gaged by the Germans. Along with the announcement of the fall of Brussels, the of ^ ficial statement says: “Our troops have met with brilliant successes in Alsace, , daily between Muelhausen and Altkirch. The Germans r' ing on the Rhine left in our hands many prisoners and c o ?ns, six of which were captured by our infantry after a sha^ jug gle. “In Lorraine the day was less fortunate for us. Our ad vanced troops tound themselves faced by exceptionally strong positions. They were forced by a counter attack to fall back in a body, which is solidly established on the Seille and along the canal from the Marne to the Rhine.’’ OAI _ i ™ • I mnoi mn/lnrn n nnli a n<>aa Trt bocimro The official statement continues: “In conformity with a pre-arranged plan the Belgian field army retreated on the entrenched camp of Antwerp after brilliantly fulflling its duty as dictated by the strategical situation L and delaying for a fortnight the (rer an passage of the Meuse. “Antwerp has a double role, li is a formidable entrenched camp, forti fied on most modern lines and is the base from which the Belgian army can threaten the German flank and co-operate effectively with the allies. Antwerp Defended “The Antwerp defenses consist of the fortifications, whose power of re sistance can be heightened by flooding a large area all around the works. Antwerp is fully equipped with the (■••••••••■••••••••••••••a•••••••••••••••••••••••••• most modern appliances, to besiege the fortress the Germans would have to detach imposing forces. This they are not likely to do. If they do not, they will be obliged to cover them selves against the Belgian army, which is intact, thanks to the skilled retreat and augmented by the Ant werp garrison. "It is to hp addPri that thp Tdepni forts still hold out. Th'ose at Namur have not been attacked. They are as strong as the forts at Liege and have been considerably strengthened In the past two weeks. ‘‘From this It would seem that the j advancing German armies are caught I between the positions of Namur and Antwerp, a distance from each other of only 35 miles. The German situa tion is a difficult one, since they lack the chief postulate of a plan of march through Belgium, namely a free pas sage of the Meuse by Liege and Namur, (Continued on Page Eight) »••••••••••••••••••••■••••••••••••••••••••••••••••»« I [IN THE WAKE OF THE WAR 13 THROWN rO TRAIN Is, August 20.— ( 10 40 p. m.)—A ch to the Havas agency from Na ;ays that a bomb thrown today e first class compartment of a bound for Rome exploded and in several travelers. ROBE ALLEGED RMAN CRUELTIES s, August 20.—(6:10 p. m.»—The nment today decided to make a igh Investigation of alleged Ger iruelties, the list of which is de here to be Increasing dally. The Is to Include all cases since the ting of the tension between e and Germany. 3KS OFFER RVICES TO FRANCE Is. August 20.—(5:25 p. in.)—Two ed and eighty Grecian subjects, whom fought In the recent Balk irs, and a large number of Ital itfered their services today to the h military authorities, many men want to enlist under ag of the republic that it has been necessary to extend the time lim acceptances. R DEPLETION DYE SUPPLY shlnglon, August 20.—American e and chemical industries are be ,ided by the state department in jo us efforts to prevent a threat depletion of their supply of dyes, retary Bryan today cabled to the lean consuls at Frankfort, Mann and Cologne, and to Ambassador d to ascertain whether chemical a from German plants can be ed from along the Rhine to R«t m and then by Dutcli ships to New ’ vious efforts to obtain action this line have met with no re e, and representations were made ft state department today that un toms plan is worked out for get products of the chemical works in any, the woolen, cotton, silk and ?r industries might bo paralysed, jlish interests cabled here today g for a line of chemicals for niedi use that the United States imports Germany. iRICANS UNABLE i OBTAIN MONEY don, August 20.— (8:55 p. m.)—Hun of Americans here today expressed >eration at not being able to obtain y which friends have deposited foi With the treasury department al Ingtoii. y called at the American embassy by ntment at 1 o'clock tills afternoon, g been told by embassy officials thal money would be available then ling the embassy, however, they Informed that no Instructions had received from Washington, embassy has asked Washington foi irtt* M make these disbursements but without result. The Americans were advised that the money would be on the cruiser Tennessee and are much incensed because of the alleged delay of the stAte department in sending detailed descrip tions by cable of persons to whom money is to be paid. It had been expected hero that all such information would be sent by the Tennessee. STREETS ENLIVENED WITH WAR SCENES Paris, August 20.— (6:20 p. m.)—The Academy of Medicine has adopted a reso lution congratulating the authorities on forbidding the drinking of absinthe—‘‘a poison which destroys or enfeebles the vi tality and intellect." The streets of Paris are enlivened with (Continued on Pose Right) Absence of Reports From War Zone Evidence of Action; German Advance Pushed With Vigor and Determination On Both Banks of Meuse Teutons Are Crowding Southward Toward Entrenched French Army Which Is Awaiting to Stem Advance, Toward Sedan and Paris._ London, August 20.—(4i24 p. m)—The almost complete absences of reports from the theatre of war today la tbe best evidence that bln events are In progress which will teat the real cal ibre of the battalions today encaged In tbe new Waterloo or the new Me dan. That the great German advance is being pushed with vigor and determination can be safely asserted, judging from the in telligence permitted to reach the outside world. On both banks of the Meuse the Ger mans are crowding southward toward the French army, waiting to stem their progress toward Sedan and Paris. The Invaders already have reached a line from Dlnant and Heufchaleau, the latter port being less than 25 miles from Sedan as the caron crow flies. To the northward their advance troops have reached the river Dyle, near Ma iines, almost midway from Brussels and Antwerp. / May Change Plans An entire change in the plan of cam , paign may be brought about by the find ing Ql an opening to the north by the German armies in Belgium. Tills was ad mitted in an ufficial communication from Brussels today which said the Germans “had gained ground on both banks of the Meuse end are in contact with the allies.’’ It adds that the Belgians having done all that could be expected by holding the Invaders in check for IB days. Their strategy now will be merged into the general plan of the allied troops. It concludes with the slgnifcant sen tence that the "retrograde movement does not mean defeat.’’ implying that the Bel gians have been operating hitherto by themselves in staying the Germans, while the French and British were making preparations to meet tile advancing Ger man forces. Rumors that Brussels has fallen Into German hands were persistently current in Paris, but no confirmation could be obtained. The Belgian capital was known cer tainly to be threatened by daring Ger man cavalry who had reached the forest flanking the city. All tlie approaching roads had been bar ricaded and entrenched. Four of the Brussels hospitals are filled with the wounded. Antwerp apparently is the temporary goal of the German troops in Belgium. They are reported moving slowly hut f HOII1UBLE CONDITIONS I DEPICTED BV' WOMAN f New Orleans, August 20.—Citizens 4 of Brussels faced famine and pois- 4 oned water supply on August 5, ae- 4 cording to news contained in a let- 4 ter from Mrs. August Despa. writ- 4 ten August 6 and received by her 4 parents here today. 4 Mrs. Despa formerly resided here, 4 1 but for a number of years has been 4 1 living in Brussels. The letter, which 4 was written in French, follows in 4 part: 4 “It is famine and desolation all 4 over. Many are dying of hunger. 4 “The situation in Brussels is inde- 4 scrlbable. Everywhere women and 4 children are crying becuuse they 4 have nothing to eat. All the auto- 4 mobiles have been requisitioned. 4 carriages are stopped in the streets 4 and horses unhitched and taken for 4 use of the army. 4 “If my husband has to leave I 4 will register as a nurse to save my 4 life. 4 ‘ At this very Instant I was told 4 that the waters of the Boch have 4 been poisoned." 4 4 , , . . t t r r r-t t-T- r -r r —* eadily in the direction of the groat fortl ed port on tlie river Scheldt. The German soldiers have occupied the own of Tirlemont and others are push ng in from the frontier. These are be eved to have come in contact with the allies' front. News in Brussels asejrted a battle had occurred near Uharte and near Charleroi in which the Germans were supposed to have suffered a loss of 6000. This waj not confirmed by any, offi Entire Change of Battle Plan May Result From Finding of Opening to the North By German Armies—Fall of Brussels Persistently Ru mored at Paris. cia^ source. Report* were current in many European circles today that Ger many had decided not to comply with Japan's ultimatum calling for the Ger man evacuation of Kiuuchau and the abandonment of the eastern seas by German war vessels. Holland Uneasy Holland is said to feel uneasiness in regard to her East. Indian weakened colonies in view of Japan’s position. Fumblenne. a German town, 20 miles from the Russian frontier, lias been occupied by the Russians. According to Russian official news they captured 12 German field guns and took many pris oners. Advices of military developments is sued by the official bureaus become more meagre as the great masses of Germans and Austrians approach the opposing forces of the Belgians, French and British, and indications of the po sitions occupied are entirely sup pressed. This morning's note sent out by the French w>ar office just barely mentions that important event* are oc curring in Belgium «.nd adds that there is nothing new along the frontier in Alsace -1 Ayr rain e. French official advices announce the swift progress of the French column ft .* . . invading Lorraine in the direction of Metz. Two sons of Emperor William, Prince Eltel Frledericli and Prince August William, are said to have passed through Liege on the way to the from. A corps of Amazons Is reported be ing fast raised in Berlin, acording to a statement made by Chinese medical men ,who have arrived in Rotterdam over the route from the German cap ital. Invade Austria Montenegrin troops have invaded Austrian territory in Herzegovina, whore they have been Incorporated as an army corps in the Servian army. The small German and British forces stationed In the African colonies are carrying out raids in each other’s ter ritory. The Germans in East Africa today In vaded the British protectorate. The question of providing labor for those thrown from work by tin* war occupied the attention of the French cabinet council which decided to start workshops and labor yards l^a Croix of Paris alleges the blind Bishop Kannenglessur, an Alsatian, was shot by Germans who believed he pos sessed plans of the strong fortress of Istein-Glol/i. in Baden. The German army, it. was officially re ported last night, was pressing its ad vantage In Brussels by throwing large numbers of troops into the city while the Belgians were retreating unmolested on Antwerp, to which city the seat of gov ernment was removed a lew days ago. New Provisional President Greeted and Honored by Cheering Thousands Mexico City, August 20.—(Jen. Venustiano Carranza, supreme chief of the Mexican revolution, and from today provisional President of the re public, entered the capital at noon. It Is estimated that 'more than l!i0, 000 persons crowded the line of march of the new President and his followers, which extended from the village of Atzcapotzalco to the national palace, six miles. There was no disorder as General Carranza and his staff passed through the cheering crowds, which showered them with flowers and con fetti and from which came cries of “Long Live Carranza: I.«ong Live the Constitutional Government.” The constitutionalist troops at dawn began forming in a double line alontf the distance over which the victorious constitutional leader was to pass. Back of the troops sightseers stood and ev ery roof and balcony held spectators. Met by Mayor It was near noon when General Car ranza, mounted on a superb horse and accompanied by his st,aff and the gen erals of the northwest, the central and northeast divisions of the constitution alist army, left at Atzcapotzalco, es corted by a squadron of cavalry and the fourth Sonora battalion of infantry'. On reaching the city limits the column was met by the. mayor and the city council of the capital, who delivered to General Carranza the keys of the city. After this ceremony the cavalcade proceeded to the historic Chapultepec castle where two batteries of artillery fired a salute in honor of the new chief executive. Here the parade turned down the beautiful Paso De La Reforma ave nue which leads from the castle to the national palace. Along this avenue (Continued on Pace Eight) POSITIONS OF WARRING FACTIONS I 7 AMASSED ALONG GREAT BATTLE FRONT MAP SHOWING POSITIONS FRENCH ANO GFERMAN FRENCH TROOPS IN MUELHAUSEN Paris, August 20.—(3 p. m.)—The reoccupation of Muel hausen, Alsace, by French troops, is announced officially here today. The capture of Muelhausen was preceded by a very severe battle, during which the French troops took one of the suburbs at the point of the bayonet. They also took, as the result of their victory, six German cannon and six ammunition wagons. The official note says the situation in the Vosges mountains is unchanged. In upper Alsace the French have occupied Suebwiller, 14 miles southwest of Colmar. In Lorraine, it is stated, the French line extends from the north of Saarburg, passing by Morhange to Delme. United Press' Premature Report of Death of Pope New York, August 20.—Pope Pius X died at 1:20 o'clock Rome time, this (Thursday) morning, as announced In last night's dis patches of the Associated Press. There is six hours difference be tween Rome and New York time, so that the hour of his death, New York time, was 7:20 p. nt. At 2:20 i), m. New York time (8:20 p. m. Rome time) Wednesday, or four hours before the pontiff had actually passed away, the United Press association distrib uted throughout this country a for mal announcement that the pope ,was dead. As will be seen, the United Press announcement was false. ! POPE’S SISTER DEAO iAS RESULT OF SHOCK OF PONTIFF’S DEATH Anna, Sister of Late Pop© Pius, Dies in Rome NEVER RALLIED AFTER COLLAPSE Body of Dead Pontiff Lies in State While Thou sands Pay Tribute Homo, August 20. The late pope’s sister, Anna, died to night from shook enusod l>v the pontiff's death. Rome, August 20.—The body ot Pop* Pius X, who died this morning, has been laid out in state for thousands to view. The pathos of his passing has been ac centuated by the death of his sister, Amin. Always she was at his bedside in times of sickness and she was kneel ing near him when he oroatlicd his last. The sister was assisted from the room and collapsed soon afterwards. Dr. Amici attended her, but alarming symp toms developed, with high fever from which she did not rally. The day broke cloudy ind heavy after exquisitely c iear skies. 'It seemed as though nature was in nm li ning for the pope, mc»Ht beloved by the people of Romo. Around the Vatican many gathered. The £real doors were half dosed ami those who mourned spoke in whispers. Within the Vatican preparations were ill progress for the simple furieial cere monies. and for the holding of the con clave for tlie election of a new pope. !t is expected that the conclave will be held early in September, even thought all the oardlnalH are not in Rome. The new pope will be the* first pontiff elected without the veto previous a eordt d foreign powers, us one of the first acts of Pius X was to suppress ttie privilege of cen turies, although he owed Lds own election to it. The cardinals met at the Vatican this afternoon. All wore violet capes, a sign of mourning. Cardinals Pella Sol pc' and Merry Del Val went to the* popc5s apart ment to affix seals on the late pontiff s private papers and belonging*. Cardinal Della Volpe Installed himself 111 tlie Vatican, occ upying the apartment of the papal secretary of state, who has removed to the Sancta Maria house behind the Vatican, where Cardinal Rampolla lived and died. Tlie cardinals visited the death cham ber, where they viewed the body of tin pope, which lay on a sloping bier, cov ered with a white cloth, under a rich red canopy The body was clothed in a white robo and red cape. Red silk gloves cov ered the hands, on the fingers of which glittered the rings of his office. A miter of cloth of gold was on his head. The face of the late pontiff was start lingly waxen. In profile it was quite recognizable, but changed. Kiss His Feet ! All knelt and after prayer some of the j cardinals handed to the monslgnors stand I ing on each side of body, their crucifixes I and medals, which the monslgnors laid i for a moment on the pope s fingers. Some of those privileged themselves placed the crucifixes on the hands, and also kissed the feet, dad In red slippers. Not a few wept silently and when they left the chamber It was with the prayer that he would have eternal rest. From 5 to 7 o'clock this evening, the body lay In slate in the throne room, to Which ail classes were admitted. A great crowd clad in black entered the throne room, reverently praying and many weep ing. The solemnity was rendered more pronounced by the majesty the hall, the mediaeval uniforms of the guards and the dress of the court dignitaries. The body will he exposed again tomor row morning from 7 to 8 o'clock. It then will be taken to St. Peters for the people to view it. , Interest in Successor Much Interest centers in the successor of Pope Piux X. There is a marked dif ference between the conclave after the death of Pope Lao ami the one now to be heki. Then the sacred college was di vided into two factions, one for and the other against Cardinal Hampolla. Since Cardinal Hampolla'a death there seem to be no factions and it is thought that for the first time in many years the cardinals will enter the conclave with entirely open minds. Mon signor Teccht, secretary of the ron sistoral congregation, having been ap pointed a cardinal, will be replaced by Monsiguor Boggluno, former nuncio in Mexico, who thus will become the secre tary’ of the conclave Instead of Monsiguor Rosa. This position is of great impor tance us Monsiguor Merry Del Val from that position became cardinal and papal secretary of state. It Is reported that the pope left nothing to obis family, but shortly before his death he arranged for $1000 life insurance In favor of his sisters. Nothing else goes to his family. The will was read today in the presence of Cardinal Merry Del Val. hut it has not been officially made public. The death of the pontiff has been tile cause of Intense grief to the papal Hon tin ii«mI mi Page F.lghti TODAY’S AGE-HERALD 1— German cavalry takes Brussels. Germany will disregard' Jap ultima tum. Sister of pope flies from shock. French troops in Milhauseri. 2— Government must advance money to farmers direct. J—Farmers' meeting in Opelika. 4- IIdltortal comment. 5- Dealers differ in explaining high sugar prices. Thach fears war may affect Auburn attendance. Jk Nearly TOO acceptances merchant*' meeting. Phi Delta Thetas to meet here. Society. 7 Sports. 8- t’otton problem to be discussed. 9- Rotary club to change quarter* 11— Markets. 12— Builder* **rv* bar bee us.