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THE BIRMINGHAM AGE-HERALD
* ■ , , • . • _____ ^ j *< VOLUME XXXXIV BIRMINGHAM, ALABAMA, TUESDAY, AUGUST 25, 1914 12 PAGES NEMBER III GERMANY VICTORIOUS OVER FRENCH AND ENGLISH IN BELGIUM, IS REPORT ^‘Our Plan of Attack Failed Due To Unforeseen: Difficulties Reads Laconic Paris Mes sage—Germans Re-En ter Muelhausen t Paris, August 24.—(11:50 p. m.)—The French war office issued the fol lowing announcement tonight: “The French and English, the plan of attack having failed owing to un foreseen difficulties, have retired on the covering positions.” “West of the Meuse the English army on our left was attacked by the Germans, but behaved admirably, holding its ground with traditional steadfastness. ' “The French assumed the offensive with two army corps. An African brigade in the front line, carried away by their eagerness, were received by a murderous fire. They did not give an iuch, but, counter attacked by the Prussian guard, they were obliged to retire, only, however, after inflicting enormous losses. The Prussian guard especially suffered heavily. Obliged to Fall Back “Fast of the Meuse our troops advanced across an extremely difficult country and made a Vigorous attack when they emerged from the woods, but were obliged to fall hack after a stiff fight, south of the River Semois. I “On order of General Joff re, our troops and the British troops withdrew to the covering posi tions. Our troops are intact; our cavalry lias in no wav suffered and our artillery has affirmed its superiority. Our officers and soldiers are in the best of condition, morally and physically. “As a result of the orders which have been issued, the aspect of the struggle will change for ,a few days. The French army will remain for a time on the defensive, hut at the right moment, to be decided on by the commander-in-chief, it will resume a Vigorous offensive. “Our losses are heavy; it would be premature to enumerate them. It •would be equally so to enumerate those of the Germans, who suffered bo heavily that they were obliged to abandon their counter attacks and establish themselves in fresh positions in Lorraine. “We delivered four attacks yester day from our positions north of Nancy, inflicting very heavy loss on i the enemy. ■ “In regard to the general situation we have the full use of our railroads and are in command of the seas. Our » • operations have enabled the Russians to come into action and penetrate the heart of west Prussia. Defenses Intact “Tt is to be regretted that, the offensive 1 operations planned failed to achieve their purpose as a result of difficulties im possible to foresee. Tt would have short ened the war, but our defences remain intact in the presence of an already weakened enemy. “Every Frenchman will deplore the tem porary abandonment of portions of Al sace and 1/orraine which we had occupied and certain parts of the national territory will suffer from events of which they will be the theatre. i no orneai is inevnaoir. nui lempo rary. Thus detachments of German cav alry belonging to an unattached division operating on the extreme right have pen etrated to Rouhnix tsix miles north of Gillie and the Tourcoming district, which are defended only by territorial reserv ists. “Our valliant. people will know how to find courage to support this trial, with unfailing faith in final success, which is not to be doubted. In telling to the coun try the whole truth, the government and military authorities give it the strongest proof of their absolute confidence in victory, which depends only on our per severance and tenacity.” French and British Troops | Suffer a Serious Reverse - I !.....1 ’HUES FORCED TO .RETIRE FOLLOWING BLOODY ENCOUNTER WITH GERMAN ARMY Offensive Plans Against the Kaiser’s Troops Checked 4 Along Long Battle Line. 1 Losses Reported Extreme ly Heavy The French and British troops op posing the invasion of the German army in Belgium have suffered a seri ous reverse, according to the official announcement issued by the French war office. In the battle line, which extends from Mons to the Luxemburg (* frontier, several army corps, composed of both British and French, took the offensive on Sunday against the Ger mans, but their plan of attack failed, owing to the “unfopppeen difficulties” as described by theiSflcial statement, and the troops reti«if*n the covering positions. The losses on both sides are reported as extremely heavy, and the French Officials describe the Germans as be ing obliged to establish themselves in fresh positions in Lorraine. Hie French have abandoned those portions of Alsace and Lorraine which they previously had occupied and now (CmMbmP on Fair Eight) TODAY’S AGE-HERALD I—Germans victorious over allies. Cotton conference meets in Washing ton. Britain awoken* to war situation. First detailed description of fall of Brussels. •-Americans ir. panic when war was dc i i dared. I •—Congress hopes to avoid war tax. Editorial comment. Too much money for charity, says f Welfare board. dentes he shot w'oman. New skyscraper jail to be financed by county warrants. of merchants' association here. War Bulletins ! London, August 25.—(2:31 a. m.)— A Copenhagen dispatch to the Exchange Telegraph company, dated August 24, says: ‘ The condition of Emperor Francis Joseph of Austria, ac cording to telegrams received today, is much worse. His death is a question of hours.” GERMANS ON THE OFFENSIVE AGAIN Basle, Switzerland, August 24.—(Via Paris, 1:22 a. m.)—Ac cording to reports received here from different points in upper Alsace, the German troops are making another offensive move ment against the French army occupying Muelhausen and en virons. JAP-AUSTRIAN WAR AVERTED Washington, August 24.—Danger of war between Japan and Austria was removed today through an agreement of Austria to dismantle her cruiser, the Kaiserin Elizabeth, now at Tsing Tau. London, August 24.—(6:20 p. m.)—A dispatch received here from Paris says that, according to official announcement in the French capital, the Germans are making a great effort against Namur, which is resisting vigorously. London, August 24—(10:20 p. m.)—The Montenegrin troops, with a bayonet charge, repulsed a fresh Austrian attack at Rahovo, taking 150 prisoners and killing 300 Austrians, accord ing to a Cettinje dispatch to the Exchange Telegraph company. __ In the Wake of the War j AMERICANS GETTING OUT OF GERMANY v The Hague, August 24.—(Via London, 8:21 p. m.)—Although there are many Americans still In Germany their num ber Is rabidly diminishing. Mrs. Alex ander Behrendt and daughter of New Vork, who arrived here today from Carlsbad, report that there are not over 50 Americans remaining there. 'fhe^clty councillors of Carlsbad pre sented the American women with bou quets ot red, white and blue flowers w lien their trains departed. All the travelers report having received the mast courteous trea'ment. The Euro pian war probably will dispel the Idea prevailing In some quarters IhatAmer ii an ambassadors and ministers In Eu rope exist chiefly for ornamental pur poses. The hulk of relief work has (alien upon the diplomatic and con sular officials and the manner, in which they have assumed the burden is con sidered praiseworthy. Not only have they worked unceasingly but they also have contributed thousands of dollars of private funds to assist needy com patriots. Another gratifying feature of the situation Is the msuner in which lirominent Americans in Europe have been volunteering to assist the offi cials. "PASI8 SADDEST PLACE IN WORLD Londpn, August «.-«:» p, m.j-"Fsr|s Is the saddest place In the world,” said Miss Cornelia B. Sage, director of Al bright art gallery, Buffalo, N. ?., who arrived in London today from the French capital. “All the artists, poets and au thors have gone to the war. Every man able to carry arms has answered the call. Only small boys have been left to work In the hotels and cafes. All the studios are deserted. ”Th^ flower of French manhood, all the men of genius are at the front. The v jves and mothers and sisters rejoice that these talented men went with their humbler brothers In defense of France. They say that the call of country stands above all. '••They are so brave—the women of kVance. They are wonderful. They realize that many will be In mourning In a few days; yet they do not complain. •'Even the wounded soldiers returning I to Paris sing the Marseillaise, in sympa thy with many returning from battle at Beirord, they could scarcely raise their heads, .vet they were cheering for France.” , TSING-TAU RECEIVES EMPEROR’S MESSAGE Tslng-Tau, China, August 24.—The cipher message from Emperor William addressed to the Tslng-Tau garrison in which they were called upon to defend tlie position to the utmost was read aloud at roll call Friday evening. It was received stoically. The Oermana have dynamited all the tall structures here which might bn .of any (Cmmrt ea rage Mae) ' ■ .;C- , i.’ ■ RIDING THE RAPIDS, A DELICATE JOB | BRITISH PEOPLE V ..“j THE FULL GRAVITY | Never Before in Whole His tory Has Island Kingdom Been so Deeply Moved. Casualties Are Printed t CASUALTY LIST PUBLISHED t ♦ 4 V Iiondon, August 24—(7il7 p. ♦ ♦ m.»—The first list of I he cas- j t itnlllcs suffered by the British 4 4 expeditionary army on the eon- j 4 tlnent was published her«. to- 4 ♦ day. ft contain* hut three names. j f One of them Is that of the Karl j ♦ of lieven Melville. « lleutennnt j ♦ In the Second dragoon*. Royal f « Scots Greys. dangerously j $ wounded August 22. The other f ■» wounded men are a sergeant j ♦ and a captain of engineers. j ■■I London. August 24.—(11 p. m.) This day of waiting has brought home the realities of war to the British peo ple. Not before has the whole nation been so deeply moved. Englishmen know that most of the best regiments of their army are fighting a battle on which the future of the empire may depend. Many thousands have rela tives and friends in the army; they know the death roil probably will be longer than in the case of any British force since the Crimean war. The only Information the country has had regarding the battle is contained In brief official bulletins, of a vague character, and these have not been cheering. Throughout London the peo ple tonight are In much more serious mood than at any time since they faced the war. There are no scenes of gaiety In the theatres and restaurants, and the crowded streets are quiet Realizing the Cost This does not mean that there is any leas determination upon the part of Brltona—only that the people are beginning to realize what this war may cost. On every side are heard decla rations that the country must he pre pared for a long and exhausting strug gle. Willie not many reproaches come from supporters of Lord Roberts' crusade for compulsory military service, not a few admit they never realized how small a part -the British army counted In a great European struggle. Thus far England has felt the wai less than any European nation engaged, probably less than Holland and Swit zerland, but now waiting for the Is sue of the battle and for the lists of killed and wounded the English people understand all that It means. Every boat from Belgium comes crowded with Impoverished refugees who have fled before the German In vasion. An organization Is being formed to care for these people and part of the Prince of Wales relief fund, which amounts to more than 17,BOO,040, will be (Cwritattga Ml Page Mae) • Fsv . > r FIRST DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF i FALL OF BRUSSELS Special Correspondent Pictures Belgian Capital Before Its Downfall—How Citizens Act in War Zone—Germans Enter Decorously, Troops Whistling “Every Little Movement Has a Mean ing All Its Own” By JAMBS O'DONWBLL UFA !\KTT 0 C opyright* 1014, by Chicago Tribune Co Brussels, August 19.—(ViaLondon, August 24.)—Peasants are flocking into Brussels today from villages and farms in the neighborhood of the ancient university city of Louvain, which is only 18 miles east of the capital. Men, women and children are in these little groups of refugees. They are weary and dis traught, and they wander forlornly across the wide Place de Rogien when they Tiave emerged from the trains which have brought them into the Gare du Nord, on the north side of the place, but Brussels remains calm. In the quiet streets of the suburbs of Brussels of the north and south, one encounters hastily constructed entrenchments and barricades on bridges which span railway crossings. In these suburbs small cannon have been mounted and they are protected by breastworks of meal sacks and mattresses on the platforms of dozens of suburban stations. Soldiers slept on their arms last night, but Brussels remains calm. The royal family and the government have been transferred to Antwerp, 45 minutes by train, to the north of Brussels, because it would require a force of nearly 300,000 men to reduce Antwerp by siege and more than a year to reduce it by starvation. Strongly Fortified For 50 years It has been the calculation th&t In Antwerp the Belgian army should make Its last stand In the event of th** violation of the kingdom’s neutrality by superior numbers, and so Brussels re mains calm. Yesterday the evening pa pers in double column displays printed the minister of the Interior s recommen dations and warnings to civilians in the event of the coming of the enemy Into their neighborhood. One was advised in such a case to remain within doors and close the window so that nobody would say there had been provocation in case the soldiers occupy a house or an isolated hamlet. In the last paragraph of the warning It was explicitly borne upon the civilians that the laws of war mean precisely what they say. That paragraph reads: “An ae* of violence committed by a single citizen would be an averable crime which the law punishes with arrest and condemnation, for it would serve as a pretext for a san guinary repression, for pillage and for tlfo massacre of the innocent population, of the women and the children.’’ Having read that with grave nods, Brussels -or dered another demi-tasse with cognac, sipped it reflectively and remained calm. All the Garde Olvlqne or militia of Bros sels, which was guarding the streets, lias been sent to the front and Its place tanen here by detachment of the Garde Clviqus 1 Report* of Advance hTom Ghent the day has worn on anti with Its waning earne grave report* of a steady German advance. Thl* afternoon they are at Louvuin, and th* northern :L ' s *k.v I" dark with the smoke of burning villages. The country roads arc choked j with peasants making toward the city, j One of the correspondents conics In woarv ; And dusty from the countryside and toll's mo of a fleeing peasant whom he saw carrying five umbrellas under Ills arm while he looked back on a burning village. Another was carrying the pet canary In Its cage. (Jets Out Extra One of the standard veiling papers of Brussels does an almost unp> • cedented thing and gets out an extra. Ft contains the burgomaster's latest proclamation. of warning to the citizens on the laws of war and the Dutch of noncoinbatants Some of Fils sentences ring with the an cient spirit of this heroic fown.“As long,” he says, In a closing paragraph, "As I shall be alive and at liberty 1 will pro tect with all my strength the rights and dignity of my fellow' citizens. Whatever happens, listen to the voice of your bur gomaster and sustain him with your con fidence. He will not betray you. Long live free and Independent Belgium! Long live Brussels.'’ Evening draws on. The hotels are taking down their Belgian flag, an ominous sign. The place is full of refugee peasants. As a soldier comes in from the firing line the people are carrying him across the place.jsti their ■shoulders. Streets Are Closed London, August 21.—(Special.)—-Brus sels streets are very quiet and taverns hip closed. Only one newspaper ap peared today, and lt'a a half sheet o( paper prlnled In Flemish, and ran tain. lulled on I'aie bllsbli SOUTHERN BANKS CAN GET MONEY TO FINANCE 4,000,000 BALES OF COTTON —\V. <;. M'ADOO Cotton Conference Opens in Washington—Many Relief Plans Arc Suggested to Solve Proposition THREE POINTS ARE EMPHASIZED ABOVE ALL OTHERS FAVORED* Producer Musi lie Assisted and Assistance Musi Be Immediate — Southerners Attend ! * ♦ | i *MITU nil I. I* f | ♦ ♦ r X\ ashlntftmi. August I The Sen- 4 4 HD- Into tnti*>, without roll call, 4 4 passed i hr* sti-callnl cotton ware- 4 * house licenser hill, propose I hv Sep 4 * a tor I loke Smith originally to add 4 4 value lo cotton warehouse cerf.lfl- 4 * i hi* - hy menus of governmental In- 4 * spectlon ami certification of the 4 4 grades * *f cot ton stored in licensed * 4 warehouse*. 4 4 On the floor of the Senate the 4 4 hill whs amended lo extend IIa pro- 4 4 visions m tobacco, naval .stores, 4 4 canned salmon, grain and flax seed. 4 4 Xmendmenta for extension to hp- 4 4 pies, peaches ami oil were voter! 4 4 down. 4 4 \ limitation was placed on the 4 v hill .• a- to i-xempt from the op- 4 4 • •tllon of the grant provision those 4 4 states having a stoic arain Diaper- 4 4 11011 system 4 * 4 I nr t. i. siKw iRT. Washington. August 24.i—(Special.) • Three points were emphasised above all others at the conference held tn - dny Hy Secretary McAdoo, the federal I resen e board and representatives of the cotton planters, manufacturers, merchants and hankers to discuss ways and means for carrying the cot ton crop to the close of the Kuropean war. First The producer is the man to he assisted rather than the manufac turer, the hanker, the merchant or, above all, the speculator. Second- Any help to be fully ef fective must he immediate. Third The planters are not asking for “rescue," but a're to be entrusted as men capable of handling them, with the means of tiding themselves over the present, period of emergency. The first two points were brought out by representatives of the cotton interests in Alabama and the third was voiced In President Wilson in an address to the visitors at Hie White Mouse. Rfyond this s.t ici ii McAdoo said the treasury wan prepared to handle the sit uation mid indicated that "with ware* I house facilities, «ottun warehouse re ceipts cpuld he made I he basis for the 1 skin* of national hank circulation." With the federal reserve system In operation, ho estimated that the hunks of the south would he aide to secure national hank currency to finance l.oou.ooo hales at *10 m bale. X total of 91Ha.ooo.aiHi, an ex plained in The Age-Herald last week. Many planters have expressed wlllllng nww to finance the crop on a basis of If necessary, provided the accommo dation be extended for a period not less than six months. 200 SuggeHtionH Advanced Nearly 300 men were in the conference. Many divergent suggestions were ad vanced. All presented by the producers, however, had for their aim the relief of the planters and the acceptance of cotton hy the government as satisfactory col lateral for loans. Some advocated re ceipts for cotton placed In warehouse the certificate of weights, storage and insurance to be countersigned by a gov ernment official. Others wished this modified, on the grounds that many planters were remote from compresses and warehouses and so could not com ply with such provisions. All urged, moreover, that precautions be taken to prevent the bankers getting the sole benefit of any government as Istance and that every safeguard he pro vided the planter against the speculator. (font la uni on I'ngr Mne) Allies Begin Blockade of Seaport of Kiauchau I’eklaa. Augnal —A blockade of A Talua-Tau. the fori If led araport of KlaBehao, hao atoned. Hrltlah. French Bad Rnaalaa veaaela of Avar are taking part la tkr movement. To the present lime in Hie duel, only British replwenta have received ortjete tv co-operate with the Jape neat tn the operation* against Kiauchttu on the land side. Tile French an also expecting or ders to assist the British troops. Then probably will not be more than two or three regiments from e»*»ti nation. No atuUenth' information has reached here as to any Jnpancae landing |g klauchuu territory.