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The Birmingham age-herald. [volume] (Birmingham, Ala.) 1902-1950, August 29, 1914, Image 9

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Germans Break Through the
Enemies’ Lines Near Arras.
Official German Report
Says English, Belgians •
and French Are In
Full Retreat
London, August 28.—(4:50 a. m.)—A dispatch to the Times
from Bolougne says it is asserted that German troops, presum
ably cavalry, broke through the French lines near Arras, in the
» province of Pas de Calais. The French moved forward with
rapidity, it is declared, and have the situation well in hand. The
dispatch says that the allies are being arrayed swiftly to deal
with any further attempt to break through the line between
Dunkirk and Lille. ~
Berliii, August 28.—(By wireless to the Associated Press by
Sayville, L. L, August 28, 7:48 a. m.)—-Headquarters has is
sued an official report declaring that the western enemy has
t everywhere been defeated and is in full retreat, after nine days’
General Von Kluk defeated the English army at Maubeuge
and renewed the attack today. He threatened to surround it.
General Von Buelow and General Von Hazen completely de
feated the Franco- Belgian forces, about eight corps, between
the Sambre and the Namur and the Meuse, in several days’ bat
tle, and are now pursuing them to the eastward of Maubeuge.
The attack on Maubeuge was opened by the Grand Duke Al
brecht of Wurtemburg, who defeated and pursued the enemy
across the Semois and the Meuse.
The German crown prince is advancing toward the Meuse
and the crown prince of Bavaria repulsed an attack from Nancy
and the south.
General Von Hereingen continues the pursuit southward
through the Vosges. \
“Four Belgian divisions attacking Tuesday and Wednesday
from Antwerp have been repulsed, losing guns and many pris
oners,” says a statement.
“The Belgian population participated in the fighting, neces
sitating severe repressive measures. The last reserve corps
have been called out to guard communication.”
_ I
Washington, August 28.—Formal
protest against the burning of Louvain
by German troops as a violation of in
ternational laws and the laws of hu
manity was submitted to the state de
partment late today by Belgium min- ,
ister, Havenlth.
The minister was deeply moved j
when he left Secretary Bryan's of- ;
"I bring this knowledge to the
United States." said the minister, "for
it is not only Belgium that has to
mourn. This thing concerns the whole
The loss of the old church of St.
Pierre was mentioned. In conclusion
the message ran as follows:
T--—■- . —
"Americans, many of whom have fol
lowed courses at this illustrious alma
mater and have there received such
cordial hospitality cannot remain in
sensible to this outrage on the rights
of humanity and civilization which is
unprecedented in history."
Louvain, which lies in the famous
province of Brabant, of which it was
the capita] in the fourteenth century,
was the seat of the Duke of Brabant
in the eleventh century. The univer
sity was founded by Duke John IV
of Brabant, in 1423. Experts called
the church of St. Pierre "the richest
and most ornate example of pointed
Gothic architecture in the country.”
The latest advices do not state the
exact amount of damage. German re
ports differ from the Belgian version.
London, August 28.-00:25 p. in.)—An Os
teud dispatch to the Router Telegram
company says that of the German war
Jevy of $40,000,000 on the city of Brussels
[ only $200,000 has been paid and the Ger
mans declare that If the remainder is
| not made good they will seise pictures
and art works in the museums.
l Washington, August 28—American con
j suls In Europe are being overwhelmed
with appeals for aid from claimants of
j American citizenship who have been
forced to take up arms for the land of
y their birth.
[ In Germany the only treaties the Uni
f ted States‘has touching on this subject
l were made with separate states and prin
\ cipalities before the confederation of the
empire. None accept first naturalization
papers as an obstacle against repatria
tion. •
Many Americans by adoption who are
Burgeons or physicians, mechanics or at
j least material for able-bodied soldiery,
r have been or are about to be, sent to
\ war. In the cases of those who are bona
j fide citizens the state department Is fnak
f ing representations, but it was pointed
* out today diplomatic bodies move slower
j than recruiting sergeants.
London, August 28.—The financial com
mittee assisting American refugees Is do
ing the heaviest business since the^rst
days of the panic.
Cases of persona really destitute com
ing from the continent to London are
» being cared for out of the government
fund or by charity. Most of these per
sons are naturalized Germans who had
bought German liner tickets for an In
expensive visit to relatives In the old
country. The tickets are worthless. Aid
also la being given a number of natural
ized Austrians. *
Robert P. Skinner. American consul
general here, says Germans and Aus
trians In the United States who desire
( to communicate with war prisoners In
j Great Britain should write them short
J letters in English with the name and
J address of the writer and send them In
I care of the prisoners' war Information
I bureau, Wellington street, London.
J Washington. August 28.—The text of
I the Japanese note declaring the Kiau
I chau blockade; signed oy Vice Admiral
I Cato cabled to the Japanese embassy here
Ztoday reads:
-J hereby declare that on this 27th day
jHtf August, 1914, the entire coast extending
llSShn 120 degrees. 10 minutes E. and 3a
^JSrreez, 64 minutes N. to 123 degrees, 16
Xminutes E, and 36 degrees. 7 minutes N"
• the entire const of the leuxed territory of
Kiauchau) has been placed In a state of
blocks dr by a competent force of his
Imperial Japanese majesty's ships under
my command, and that the said blockade
continues In force: and, further, that the
neutral - vessels In the sone of blockade
-■ !-• . ' f ....'JXV 'x. t
| are allowed 24 houro withlh which to
withdraw from the said zone.
"Any vessel that attempt* to violate
the blockade will be deal'h with in con
formity tp the law of nations and the re
spective treaties between the empire of
Japan and the neutral powers.
“Given on hoard his imperial Japanese
majesty's ship Suo, August 27, 1914."
LOSSES AT 40,000
London, August 28.—(2:59 a. m.)—1The
Ostend correspondent of the Chronicle
says that Belgium's losses *n far are esti
mated at 40.000 killed. Officials have nor
hazarded an estimate of the appalling
property loss.
Industry everywhere Is at a standstill,
says the correspondent.
Not a factory or coal pit in the country
has been operated in th:ee weeks and
not a penny in wages has been received
by men engaged in the staple activities
of the nation since August 1.
There is nothing but dire poverty, dis
iress a ltd stagnation even in the areas un
touched by the fighting.
Provision for the feeding, housing and
ether care of refugees is being pushed
feverishly. More than 4000 refugees are
herded in bathing cabins along the beach
and in various small public buildings at
Washington, August 28.—President
Huffman of the Swiss confederation,
cabled the Swiss legation here to
day of suffering among the population
of the republic and authorizing the lega
tion to raise a relief fund in Amer
“Through the complete mobilization
of the Bwlae army, with every avail
able man between 20 nu.i 42 years un
der arms," said a statement Issued by
the legation, “thouaands of families are
deprived of their supporters. The main
tenance of an army numbering 300,
000 men Involves a daily expenditure
of 1,500,000 francs.
Already the'heavy hand of want for
means of existence is making Itself
felt, and tlvOs may be followed by a
complete stoppage of business, re
sulting In the loss of millions of the
nation's wealth.
“Realising that help Is needed for
them and families suffering from the
existing unhappy conditions, the Swiss
In the United States made the noble
offer to raise a fund towRrfl their re
lease. Committees of prominent Swiss
are be organised In every city un
der the auspices of the Swiss legation
in Washington, anil the various Swiss
consuls in this country."
Rotterdam, August 28.—(Via London,
11:40 p. m.)—The Cologne correspondent
of De Tyd, writing August 18, says:
“And endless train rolls Into the sta
tion at Cologne. In it have arrived 700 1
French priaonera taken at Muelhausen
and Lagarde, Alsace-Lorraine. One
could see they had been in a fight. They
were unkempt.
“I remember having read somewhere
that a French senator had declared
’V-' *.,T.*• .
l.ondon. August —<1:14 n. m.l—Thr
HiiMMlann nre advancing rapidly on
Lcmhcrh, Austria, their cnvnlry over
coming all Austrian opposition, any* a
dispatch from the St. Petersburg cor
respondent of the Exchange Telegrnpb
company. The message continues:
“The Russian troops are marching on
^Konlgsherg and already have repulsed
the advauce guard of the garrlaon. The
Ruaalaas now occupy Important posi
tions on the river Alle.
“Between the rivers Vistula and
Dnelater the Russians are In close touch
with the Austrians, whom they already
have defeated* deelslvetly at Teaman
eboff and Monastersy.”
there, was a Great shortage of shoes for
the French troops. I have seen 100.000
German soldiers going to the front,
every one wearing row pairs of russet.,
shoes, heavy enough to withstand any
campaign. But there was no such shoes
among these French prisoners. Their
footgear was of a flimsy character,
worn so badly that In most cases their
toes were protruding.
'The facts of most of them wrere
blank and expressionless. They con
versed among themselves in an under
tone. T asked one something about
La garde.
“ 'I know nothing.' he answered sul
"But after T told him he was speaking
with a Hollander and not with a Her
man. he modified his reply to:
" l will say nothing, sir.’
"I none compartment of this train.
*In one compartment of this train,
onets. sat a French officer w’ho had
refused to give his word of honor that
he would make no attempt to escape."
London, August 28.—(Midnight.)—Friday
has been a day of momentous news.
News of the gravest character came
trout France, where in a single week,
the aspects of the operations have
changed entirely.
Last week the allied irmies were pur
suing an offensive campaign on all the
frontiers. Now, according to official news
received from Berlin. Emperor William is
congratulating his people on the surcesfc
of the German arms in the task of put
ting the "Iron ring'' around the allied
armies from Cambral. department of Du
Nord, France, to the Vosges, while l-*ord
Kitchener, the British war minister, ramp
into Parliament with the announcement
that troops 'from India ire being called (
to help the British arqiv in France, and
that the British army Is to be reinforced
The only Consolation offered the Brit
ish public was the testimony from Field
Marshal Sir John French that in the
heavy fighting against tremendous odds
the British troops who suffered severely,
bore themselves with conspicuous bravery.
Carries Through Plan
I It already is realized Chat the terrible
j struggle is only at its beginning and that
J the German plan of campaign openly re
vealed to Sir William Edward Goschen.
then British ambassador to Germany, by
Gottlieb von Jagow, the German foreign
secretary, as shown by the official paper
published yesterday, namely, to strike the
swiftest and strong blow at France re
gardless of Belgium’s neutrality or any
other hindrance and then, when France
is at Germany's feet, for Germany to
j turn her attention to the Russian attack,
is being carried through ruthlessly.
The offensive straegy of the allies is
abandoned. The German army in vastly
superior numbers has imposed on the al
lies a purely defensive strategy which is
devoted to relaying as much as possible
what now seem to be : a inevitable ad
vance on Paris.
Little can be gathered from either
ibh or French official accounts of the
great battles of the past week. In fact,
more is learned from what is omitted
than from what is stated.
The only thing is clear, \s that the allies
are fighting on the defensive upon ever
receding lines, while it is becoming in
creasingly dear that the desire to make
a brilliant coup in Alaaace Lorraine was
a weak spot in French strategy.
Armies Still in Being
On the side of the allies, Whose efforts
are devoted to gaining lime while the
Russian hosts overrun Prussia, however,
is the fact that their armies are still In
being and that the Germans may run
some danger from their ever lengthening
lines of communication.
That this danger is not negligible Is
! shown by the news that Emperor William
has ordered the mobilization of the last
reserves to protect communications and
occupy Belgium so that the troops now
j engaged in this work may he released
to go the front where they are badly
needed to replace Germany’s heavy losses
in killed and wounded.
The work of provisioning and supplying
the German armies Is greatly facilitated
by the Germans being able to draw on
Belgium for supplies.
The British public is facing the disap
pointing news with patient determina
Tlie Spectator in an editorial note today
say 8:
“There is cause for anxiety and there
is cause for stern determination; above
all there is cause for unflagging energy
in military preparation, but there is no
cause for despair or even despondency.
Time is with us and against our enemies.'
On the eastern battlefield, news con
tinues favorable to the ulMes. The Rus
sians continue to advance in •'•ast Prus
sia and Poland, neither the German nor
the Austrian forces apparently being able
to withstand them.
Paris. August 28.—(10;4» p. m.i—A spe
cial train arrived here from Lyons at
6 o’clock tonight bringing BOO Americans
from Switzerland. The journey took 27
hours from Geneva. The refugees were
met at Montragis, department of Lolret,
by American officials, who gave all pas
sengers printed instructions as to what
they should do.
Norfolk. August 28.—Fearing capture by
British troops when they reach the Brit
ish- West Indies, R. Schrltt. G. Helm, C.
Scfcrlfer and R. Oto, German members of
the crew of the British steamer Hare
wood, appeared before United States Im
migration officials and asked that they
be permitted to remain In .America.
The Immigration officials denied them '
London. Aujusf 29.—(3:47 a. m.)—The
Paris correspondent of the Express sends
his paper the following dispatch:
"I am informed Italy will present an
ultimatum to Austria requesting an ex
planation of Austrian mobilization on the
Italian frontier. Only a brief period will
be given for an answer and within a short
time Italian troops are expected to be
In Trieste.
London. August 29.—(3:40 a. m.)-A dis
patch from St. Petersburg to the Daily
Mall says the western district of Poland
as far east as Lodz was for sometime
held by smaller German detachments.
These now are falling back and Lodz has
been occupied by the Russians. The ad
vance Russian cavalry has reached Kol
Juschs, near Lodz.
Americans Safe
Washlnston, August 28.—'Today’s dis
patches to the state department, reporting
the safety of Americans In Europe, about
whom Inquiry has been made, Included
/ .'
^ ill Speak in Principal
Cities Urging Combined
Effort to Meet the
Great Crisis
I>ondon, August 28.-(8:30 p. m.)-Premler
Asquith has decided to address meet
ings In the principal cities of the United
Kingdom to make plain the cause of
the war and set forth that it is the
duty of every man to do his part to
aid the British army. The premier, in
letters to the lord mayors of the va
rious cities with regard to these meet
ings. says: t
"The time has come for a combined
effort to stimulate and organize public
opinion and public effort in the great
est conflict in which our people ever
have been engaged. No one who can
contribute anything to the accomplish
ment of this urgent task is Justified in
standing aside.
"i propose aa a first step that meet
ings shall he held without delay in every
district, urban and rural, throughout the
United Kingdom, at which the justice
of our cause should he made plain and
the duty of every man to do his part set
*1 venture to suggest to your lordships
that the four principal cities over which
you respectively preside should lead the
way. I myself am ready, as far as
the exigencies of public duty permit, to
render such help as I can and I should
be glad with that object to address my
fellow subjects in your cities.
“I have reason to know that I can
count on the co-operation of the leaders
of every section of organized political
th* nanir of Anna Olei^cke. of .San An
trnlci, Tex., who was statt-J to be in Ber
Investigating Contraband
Washington. August 28.—Heports that a/
Hartford. Crnn.. coflcern is furnishing
rapid fire guns to agents of European
belligerents and that a manufacturing
compan\ located near Philadelphia. Is
pieparing to ship armored cars to Canada
caused Representative Burthhoklt of Mis
souri to Introduce a resolution today
asking Secretary Bryan what sleps have
been taken to prevent the shipment of
contraband of war to nations at war.
Paris.—Senator Bourgeois has been
chosen president of a committee charged
to study questions regarding the pro
visioning of Paris.
Paris. Alexandre Mlllerand. war mrn
Istc-r hi the new cabinet, has assumed
his duties with great vigor. One of hie
first acts was to go to headquarters of
General Joffre, commander in chief of the
French forces, where he conferred tHj
the military situation.
London.—The perfect of police at Parts
lias prohibited the publication of ail spe
cial editions of newspapers, according to
a dispatch to the Reuter Telegraph com
pany. No Journal will be allowed to pub
lish more than three editions dally.
I'okio-The Second Japanese squadron
reports there are no German ships out
side of KlauchaU. The squadron drew
the fire of the torts, but was not dam
aged. The men. It Is reported, ate In the
highest spirits.
Returning Home
Home. August 28.—( 8:55 p. m„ via
Paris 12:30 a. m., Saturday.)—A dis
patch front Vienna says that during the
day Henry S. Breekenrldge. American
assistant secretary of war and his re
lief committee aided 200 Americans de
siring to return home. A few Ameri
cans arrangpd to leave Vienna tonight
others are going Saturday.
Mr. Breckinridge left for Budapest to
Predicts Era of Peace
Washington. August 28.—The Euro
pean war Is clearing the way for the
coming of a great teacher and the es
tablishment of an era of universal
peace, accordlngto belief expressed by
speakers tonight at a meeting of the
American section of Theosophical so
"This Is a lime when the earthquakes
or passion are shaking the human
race." said L. W. Rogers, national lec
tui er of Hie society. "It is the begin
ning of the end and will usher in an
era of peace In which the Savior of
men will do His mighty work."
Fear Dirigibles
Rotterdam, August 28- (Via London
2:30.)—The Nleuwe Poll rant says the
people of Antwerp fear another visit,
not merely by one. but by many Zeppe
lin dirigibles. Those living In the vicin
ity of the royal palace have left their
homes and that locality Is eloselv
Steam Is kept up on the royal yacht
and at the first sign of trouble the
f ueen and Princess will be taken to
England, the paper states.
Francisco Carbajal
Is in El Paso, Tex.
151 Paso, Tax., August 28.—Francisco
Carbajal, who succeeded General Huer
ta as provisional President of Mexico,
arrived here tonight from San Antonio,
Texas- His presence was not explained
and he remained In retirement in a
private residence. Reports received
from Nogales, where a conference Is in
progress to settle the Sonora state rev- ,
olution against the Carranza govern- i
ment> were not encouraging.
Constitutionalist agents here mourned
the loss of $85,000 worth of ammunition
which went down on the steamer Emily
P. Wright In the gulf of Mexico.
Constitutionalist attorneys here today
Issued a statement dealing with General
Villa’s recent stfc against a military
man becoming proA lional President of
the republic, which a, parently had been
directed at General Carranza. They
quoted passages from the plan of Gua
dalupe, under W'hlch all constitutional
ist troops have operated, showing that
Carranza was carrying out the pro
gramme of revolution and which called
for him to remain chief executive until
peace was restored and elections held.
Washington, August 28.—Samuel M.
Foster, of Fort Wayne. Ind., has de
clined appointments as the first ambas
sador to Argentina.
William P. Wharton In American For
It requires but a few familiar Illus
trations from the history of bird life
In this country to prove conclusively
that nearly ail species of birds must have
some sort of protection from man If they
are to survive. The passenger pigeon,
the great auk, the Labrador duck, the
Eskimo curlew are extinct chiefly as a
result of unrestrained persecution by man,
and the heath hea, upland plover, egret
^ 1 *
One Greens
Dollar Grays
For Pearls
Felt Hats Tans
Made Up Browns
to Sell Blues
For and
J2°°, s3°° & J3-50 Blacks
See Big Display of These Hats
In Our 19th Street Windows
Men, you all know in a show down the Saks store out
classes all other shops when it comes to giving the utmost
for the money you spend here.
This Sale of Felt Hats
Offering you good styles, fine quality—at this remark
ably low price of one dollar, is a hat sale without an equal.
A sale in a class to itself—beyond the reach of so-called
V '
Paris. August 27—til P- m.i—The
cabinet tonight Issued the following
manifesto to the countryt
••Frenchmen: The new government
has Just taken possession of Its post of
honor and of the combat. The country
knows It may count upon Its energy
and that It gives Itself with all Its soul
to the country's defense.”
“The government knows it may count
upon the country. Its sons are shedding
their blood for the fatherland and lib
erty alongside the heroic Belgian and
English armies. They support the most
formidable storm of shot and shell that
I ever has been let .loose upon a people,
and everyone stands firm. To them glory!
Glory to the living and glory to the dead!
Thanks to such heroism, final victory
is assured.
“Certainly a battle is waging, but it is
rot decisive. Whatever may be the re
sult the struggle will continue. Fiance
Is not as easy a prey is the Insolence
of the enemy imagines.
“Frenchmen, the present duty is tragic,
but simple. Repulse the enemy, pursue
oini and save our soil from his stain.
!uve llebrty from his grasp. Hold fast
as long as need be until the end. Lift u«>
cur minds ami souls above the pcntl ami
remain the masters of ohr destiny.
"Meanwhile our Russian allies march
with decided steps toward the German
capital* which Is pervaded with anxiety,
end inflict many reverses on its troops,
which retire.
"We ask of the country all the sacrifices
and all the resources that it can furntan
in men and energy. Lie firm then ami
resolute. Let the national life aided by
appropriate financial and administrative
measures continue uninterrupted.
•'Let us have confidence In ourselves.
Let us forget all that is not of the na
tion Face to tile frontier! We have the
method and the will. We shall have the
and others have been reduced to the
danger point by the same cause. Many
Other species are rapidly diminishing as
a direct or Indirect result of man's »r
The investigations of the United States
biological survey indicate that birds as
a whole are of the greatest value to
the general agricultural Interests of the
country. An insignificant minoftty of
birds- as for instance the sharped shinned
and Cooper's hawks, which prey largely
upon useful birds, and certain birds that
do extensive damage to farm crops—has
been condemned, but the great mapority
of species have been found, through earo
ful investigation of the contents of their
stomachs, to be decidedly beneficial.
Although the relation of birds to forests
has not been studied quite so carefully
in this country as their relation to purely
agricultural crops, yet considerable data
has been compiled on this subject and
these indicate that birds in the forests are
fully as useful ns, and perhaps less harm
ful, than they are In the cultivated fields.
Among the conspicuously useful forest
birds Is the familiar chickadee, oonsid
erably more than one-half of whose food
consists of moths, caterpillars and other
harmful insects and their eggs. The wood
peckers also are great forest protectors,
76 per cent of their food Vonsistlng of
animal matter, largely boring beetles.
These birds and some others are work
ing for us during the entire year. Other
forest, birds, as for instance, the many
species of wood warblers, the kinglets,
cuckoos, certain flycatchers, thrushes,
/ic., are with \is only a part of the year,
but during that period they are of vast
Importance as checks upon the Increase
of insects injurious to forest trees.
It is interesting to no*te that German
foresters reached a conelusion as regards
the value of their forest birds sometime
ago and they are now showing us how
to answer the question as to what meas
ures should be taken to protest un<f in
crease such birds. The city of Frankfort
on the Main expends about $400 annually
In such work. An area of two and one
half acres adjacent to one of tits forest
nurseries has been especialy set fslda for
bird protective work In nn intensive way.
Of the one hundred .specially constructed
nesting boxes on this area 90 per cent are
said to be occupied by birds each year.
Feeding stations and bn tits are also main
tained, one of the latter being so con
structed that the water Is prevented from
freezing in cold - weather by the heat
of kerosene lamps beneath it. while blocks
of wood and perches are set In the water
at varying depths to accommodate differ
ent species of birds.
Darmstadt has placed some six thou
sand nesting boxes in its woods of which
between 80 per cent and 90 per cent are
occupied yearly, has established 30 feed
ing. drinking and bathing stations for
birds and planted two areas with special
shrubs adapted to pruning for bird nest
ing purposes.
In the Heidelberg forest, besides nest
ing boxes, single shrubs or small groups
of species similar to those at Darmstadt
are planted In young plantations of for
est trees and so pruned as to form plat
forms for the nests of birds that nest
naturally in shrubs and trees, after the
method devised and practiced with such
wonderful success by Baron Hans Von
Behlepsoh on his estate at Heebach, Ger
man. Here, too. are about 50 feeding
Owing In part to the oomparatlve nov
el! v of the artificial nesting box. and In
part to the presence of a good manv
natural nesting cavities In our fofests.
birds thus far have not taken readily
Fleets of Great Brl'.ain and Germany
at last have come to grips, and. accord- '
ling to the reports from London, victory
lay with the British.
in a battle with British warships off
tiie island of Helogland In the North sea
yesterday the Germans are reported to
have iost two cruisers and two tropodo
coats sunk, while another of their
cruisers and many of their destroyers
were badly battered.
The British claimed not to have suf
fered the loss of a vessel and declared
there were few fatalities on board the
vessels of their fleet. The German cas
ualties were not stated.
The Island of Helgoland, which! lies
45 miles off the mouths of the rivers
File and Weser, always has been re
garded ns a point of great strategy for
the protection of the Kaiser Wilheini
<;anal and otherwise in the naval de
fense of Germany. Recent reports had
it tlicit a large part of the flower of
the German navy lay In the waters ad
jacent to the mouths of the Kibe atfcl
Wiser and the Kaiser Wilhelm canal.
Paucity of News
Again last night there was a paucity
of news concerning the land warfare in
The French war office In a statement
sHid laconically that the situation along
lines Friday which was the same as it
was Thursday, adding that the Ger
mans "apparently have slackened their
march, that was all."
From England there came not even
a word officially concerning the fight
ing on land.
one of the important announcements
of yesterday was made by the Marquis
of Crewe in the Upline of Lords. II
was that Great Britain would draw on
the native forces in British India to
reinforce her armies in Europe.
The German forts at Tsingtau fired
on two .In pa gene cruisers reconnolter
ing off the fortress. One of the cruis
ers was said to have been damaged.
Louvain Burned
Louvain, a Belgian town of B0.000 in
habitants. and with many historic build
ings, is reported to have been burned
by the Germans as a nact of reprisal
for alleged firing on German soldiers
by Belgian citizens. The Belglsns
claim, however, that the people of Lou
vain did not commit the hostile act
charged, but that it whs the Germans
themselves who fired on their fellow
Because of the nonpayment of a war
levy of 940,000,000 the Germans, It la
said, threaten to seize the famous pic
tures and objects of art In the Brussels
Advices from Chinese coastal cities
report the sinking of the German bdat
destroyer 8-90 by the British torpedo
boat destroyer Welland and the seizure
by the Germans as an net of reprisal
ehantmen as prizes.
German reservists are raid to he
pouring into Tslntau Yrom various parts
of Ghina to ail In the defense of the
German station.
to the former where they have . been
placed In the woods. Boxes are usually
occupied by squirrels or mice, or renmln
empty, though 1 am tffld that flickers
and screech owls have been known to nest
In them.
On the edges of clearings and In old
orchards and fields these boxes are now
used to a considerable extent, and this
Is a hopeful sign of what may be ex
pected later In the .forests. For, as the
improvement of the forest proceeds, and
dead and decayed trees are eliminated—
thus approximating German conditions—
the birds will in all probability take more
and more to the boxes, and a decrease in
their numbers will thus he prevented.
Then, becoming habituated to these arti
ficial conditions, and increasing as a re
sult of the protection and encouragement
afforded them In other ways, there Is good
reason to hope that ultimately they can
he colonized in much larger numbers than
are now present under natural conditions
—In numbers large enough to control, as
they do in Germany, many of the Inju
rious forest insects.
Gems Back, She Relents
Atlantic City Dispatch to Philadel
phia Enquirer.
Relenting after diamond earrings
valued at $260 had been restored to
her. Miss Gussle Mlllkowsky of Phila
delphia has requested the suthorltles to
cease the prosecution of Authur Sliver,
also of Philadelphia, who was arrested
charged with the theft of the diamonds,
and Is now In the county tail at Mays
Three necks ago the young woman
Intrusted Silver with the earrings while
she took a plunge in the surf. When
she emerged she was informed by Sil
ver that he had lost her valuables, but
he premised to make full restitution.
The following morrlng he presented
her with earrings Which a jeweler told
Mist Mlllkowsky were worth just fl.
She had a warrant Issued for Silver and
the missing earrings were found.
Measure of Civilization
From the Philadelphia I-edger.
Joseph Pulitser once sent 200 cigars
to a steamship captain who saluted his
yacht without blowing a whistle. The
celebrated editor loathed noises, and
especially noises which are avoidable.
Put noise appears to be the measura
oi civilisation. A Central African tribe
of 1000 persons does not make a hun
dredth part as much noise as one thou
aand workers at Midvale. City peopla
make more noise than dwellers in the
One trolley car Jars the air to a
g reater*extent than 50 plows running
smoothly in their furrows. Fortune
awaits the man who will Invent a
noiseless dining room on top of a tall
building free from orchestras, vocalist!
and other disturbers of the atmos
I Prom J udge.
I He—Ah. darling. I could not IIvs with
out you!
She—Why. that's Just what papa say*I

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