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THE BIRMINGHAM AGE-HERALD
k VOLUME XXX XIV BIRMINGHAM, ALABAMA, FRIDAY, \ SEPTEMBER 11, 1!H4 12 J'AGKS XUMBER 128 Fighting Breaks Out Afresh In Belgium; _Allies Have Driven Germans Back 37 Miles BELGIANS ASSUME OFFENSIVE NEAR LOUVAIN, REPORT /Germans Reported Driven Back—Entire Country South of Antwerp Flooded—Heavy Engage ment Reported At Aerschot—Germans Report ed As Evacuating Town London, September 10.—(10:07 p. m.)— An Ostend dispatch vto the Exchange Telegraph company says: “According to information from a reliable source the Bel gian army at Antwerp has assumed a triumphant offensive movement, driving the Germans right back to the environs of Aiuuvam. London, September 10.—(10:17 p. m.)—An official dispatch issued in * Berlin and received here tonight by the Marconi company says: "In an engagement at Ordeghem, on the railway between Antwerp and Ghent, the Belgian troops withdrew. “The country south of Antwerp has been flooded by the Belgians to pre y vent the Germans marching into the town. The area covered by the flood is 70 square miles. The water varies in depth at different places from a few inches to several feet.” Heavy Engagement Rotterdam, September 10.—A disputed ♦ to the Courant, dated Breda, Holland, re ports that a heavy engagement took place Wednesday at Aerschot, Belgium, nine miles northeast of Louvain, when the Bel gians attacked the garrison there. As a result of the lighting the Ger mans evacuated the town and the Bel gians hoisted their colors and liberated 20 ^ priests found in a church. Cracow Is) Being Evacuated London. September 10.—(3HO p. m.) A dispatch to Reuter's Telegram agency from Petrograd says that the Austrians have begun evacuation of Cracow. Cracow has been described as the main rallying point for the Austfitin und German forces in Galician terri tory. It Is the old capital of the King dom of Poland, and is situated on a broad plateau on tiie left bank of Vis- J tdlu, 30 miles from tl i c frontier of Bilesia. 11 is a city of about 100.000 population and is about 100 miles west t>of Lemberg. 120,000 Reported Lost .London, September 10.— (9H5 a. m.> A dispatch to the Exchange Telegraph company from Rome says: "A message from Vienna states that it is officially admitted there that Archduke Frederick loat 120,000 men in the recent Galician battles, or one 'foiirtb of ills entire command. "The Germans are marching south toward Poland to assist the Austrians, but before this aid can bo given they must cross the Vistula river, where the Russians are preparing to check them.” Battle Around Lemberg ’ London, September 10.—(6 a. m. ) A dispatch to Reuter’s Telegram agency from Atjenna dated Wednesday and leaching London by way of Amster dam, says: "It Is officially announced In Vienna ♦ hat a new battle begun around Lem berg today.” Praise Burgomaster London, September 10.—Telegraphing from Ghent, Reuter's correspondent says: "Shop windows hero display placards Inscribed, 'Long Live Our Burgomaster,’ os in recognition of the burgomaster's serv ices In saving the city from a German attack. "It now appears that the action of the burgomaster in entering into negotiations with the Germans and consenting to grant their requisitions for stores, ut fhst ■was opposed by the military authorities, ipnd only when the Germans were within K few hours of the city did General Cloo tem give orders to the Belgian troops that the city should not be defended. "Before leaving Ghent the Germans took possession of all the stores that had been requisitioned.” Decatur, September 10.—(Special.)—In the eastern part of the county a few days ago Miss Comer Eaten was married to Emory Lott. The ceremony was per formed by the Rev. Janies W. Jaggers. The Rev. James W. Jaggers performed the marriage ceremony years ago when the father and grandfather of l.mory Lott were married. It Is said that no person in Alabama can beat this record for mar r tying people: that there is not a man in Alabama who has performed the marriage ceremony for a grandfather, father and •on. ••••••■■•■ > i > IHMMMMMtmtMHtHMMtHMNMaR ENGLAND MAY CLOSE ‘ ENTIRE NORTH SEA Shipping of Neutral Nations Endangered By Ger man Mines Is Government’s Contention—Action Would Cut Off Germany’s Food Supply—Strict Watch Will Be Kept London, September 14b—<9 p. m.) ^ The re U general dlneusatea la Loadam ‘of tbe possibility that England may clone the North sea, blockading It completely. If the troahle with floating mines continues. The government s position is that the ■hipping of neutral nations is endangered by German mines. England repeatedly has stated that she will sot resort to the use ti mines. After the mine sweepers free the North sea of the obstructions, however, naval strategists advise the ex clusion of vessels which might plant more mines. f Such action would limit the commerce of Holland, Denmark, Norway and Swe den, cutting off Germany’s source of food supply. / The British officials say there is abund ant evidence that mine layeun have op erated under neutral flags, and that it Is the intention to keep the strictest watch over all craft In the North sea. mime All Extra-Territorial Rights Are Officially Abrogated. “The War Is Turkey’s Opportunity” W *xblngton, September 10.—Turkey formally notified the I'nlted Staten j and other natlwnn today that she had nhroKfited the nerlen of convenUons, trcHticK and prlvilegreM, originating an early an the eleventh century, y* hereto foreigner* in the Ottoman empire have beea exempt from loeal jnrlMdlrtlon In elvll and criminal ennea. Foreign nub jeetN no longer will enjoy what la known an extra territorial righta through which they have been tried by their own judgea, diplomatic represen tative* or eon*ula. This practice, aboHaherl b .lupnu aev eral years ago, through new treaties, Turkey lias removed by a stroke of the pen. Iler purpose, it is declared, is to assert her independence and free herself from the domination of the great powers. I pon the rights revoked has rested the legat status of American missionaries in Turkey, permitting them to maintain churches, hospitals and schools in relig ious freedom. War Turkey’s Opportunity "The removal of every kind of privi lege enjoyed by the powers in excess of what tlie general principles of Inter national law- allow- is the meaning of this step," A. Hustem Bey, Turkish am bassador to the United States, declared tonight. "This war is Turkey's opportun ity-." The ambassador did not intimate w-heth er the action foreshadowed war against Great Britain, without whose consent in the past no such radical action would have been attempted. Diplomats of the allied powers, however, believe Turkey is appealing to the nationalist sentiment of her people Hiid Is ready to seize on any difficulties that may arise with Great Britain to declare war. The Turkish ambassador made known Ills government's action In a public an nouncement after it had been communi cated to Secretary Bryan today as a for mal note from the Ottoman empire. The announcement reads: Convention Wiped Out "A cablegram to the Turkish ambas sador from the Ottoman minister of for eign affairs states that by Imperial lrade the Ottoman government has abrogated, as from the first of October next, the conventions known as the capitulations restricting the sovereignty of Turkey in her relations with eertutn powers. "All privileges and immunities acces sory to these conventions or issuing there from are equally repealed. Having thus freed itself from an intolerable obstacle to all progress In the empire, the imperial government had adopted as the basis of Its relations with the other powers the general principles of International law.” In announcing receipt of the cablegram, the Turkish ambassador said: "This war is Turkey’s opportunity." As early as 1056 the sovereigns of Con stantinople granted charters of extra territorial privileges, called capitulations. The Venetians first were granted the right of trial by judges appointed In Ven ice and permanently residing in Constan (Continued on Pace Eight) The Little Fellow Gels Hurt When In Bad Company^ * . ; ‘ . GERMANS DEFEATED BY BRITISH TROOPS IN CENTRAL AFRICA Force of 400 Driven Out of Nyassaland, According to English Report—German Loss Among Rank and File Reported Heavy—Bayonet Charges Figure In Victory London, September 10—(8:45 p. m.)—British troops have met and defeated a German force of 400, which entered Nyas saland, British Central Africa, according to an announcement by the official press bureau, which adds: “The Germans lost seven officers killed and two wounded, two field and two machine guns. The loss among the rank and file has not been ascer tained, but was heavy. “The British loss among the whites was four killed and several wounded; loss among the rank and file not as certained. N “On September 8 a British force ad vanced asainst the Germans, who, how ever, evaded them and attacked the Brit lsh station at Karonga (on the northwest shore of Lake Nyassa, at the terminus of the Stevenson road), which was defended by one officer, 50 African rinds, the police and eight civilians. "After three hours' resistancecol umn arrived from the British force and drove the enemy off. I-ater the main British force came up and after a day's fighting, In which the Germans fought with great determination and had to he dislodged by repeated bayonet charges, the British drove the enemy toward the Songwe river. The British were too ex hausted to continue the pursuit." NO PROSPECTS OF PEACE SOON, SAYS PRESIDENT WILSON England Declares Allies Are Determined to Crush For ever Danger of German Militarism Washington, September 10.—There la no preieat prospect of peace In Eu rope through diplomacy. President Wil son himself today net at rest rgmorn that peace measures were In the mak ing by revealing that no Intlmntlou had been conveyed to lilm officially from any qunrter nf n readiness on the part of the belligerents to talk peace, i The day’s developments emphasized j that Great Britain, France and Rus sia were determined to make no peace until they had decisively beaten Ger many and Austria. Great Britain’s po sition was explained in detail ut Lon don by Sir Edward Grey to Ambassa dor Page, who made a long report to President Wilson. The British foreign secretary declared England had not sought war, but since It was forced (Continued on I'age Eight) HOW RUSSIA IS TRANSPORTING TROOPS TO AID THE ALLIES | MAP SNOWING THE ROUTE OF THE RUSSIAN TRANSPORTS FROM ARCHANGEL TO FRANCE. RAILROADS ... All Indications point to preparations by Great Britain to throw an enormous mass of Russian troops Into France nirectly across the Herman line of connections. This new and practically unlimited supply of men is coming from Archangel and Ekaterina, on the Arctic coast of Russia, around the north cape of Norway and thence to the Firth of Forth and Bast England porta From Leith and Hull the Russians have a clear, straight away railway run of it to the channel, and can be landed at Ostend, Calais, Havre, Cherbourg or wherever, in fact, the immediate exigencies de mand. For the handling of the great army which Ruaala can supply, ths practically unlimited facilities of the British transport service are available. '\ " ... .... 'l->;Vv\;v •£'! .A > . i-Staffs ! ‘ "'s*. 3 ‘ ’-i#. V - v iv-m-. • *' /i*. ... is. • •* +..J g.-a.f'V1. .»• •**; r¥ ‘Vi' *- . V* GERMANS RETREAT 37 MILES DURING FOUR DAYS' BATTLE Allies Have Taken Many Prisoners and Guns, Says Official French Re port — Bombardment of Belgrade Renewed—Russians Report Success. Paris, September 10.—(11:26 p. m.)—“During the four days’ battle,” says an official communication issued tonight, “the allies have pushed back the Germans 60 kilometres (approx imately 37 miles) and taken many prisoners and machine guns. London, September 10.—(8:06 p. m.^>—The bombardment of Belgrade has been renewed with increased fury, according to a Nish dispatch to the Exchange Telegraph company. Consid erable damage has been done. The Servian batteries are replying to the Austrian fire. Paris, September 10.—(11.$2 p. m.)—The following official communication whs issued “On the loft wing the Bri and French troops have crossed the Marne between La Fort. " ’ous-Jouarre. ('luirly and Chateau Thierry, pursuing the enen“f, who is in retreat. During the course of this advahee the I ritish forces took a number of pris oners and captured Mitrailleuses.” t “During; the four days h'£Ue the allied armies have in that section of the theatre of operations gained more than liO kilometres. “Between Chateau Thierry and Vitry-Le-Francois the Prussian guard has been thrown back.” SERIOUS FIGHTING NOW IN PROGRESS Wash! ugt on, September 10,-—The Russian embassy tonight issued the following statement: “The success . gained by our troop* over the Austro German army at Krasnik, September S». is developing: on the front from To mazow and Rawa Russku to the River Dneister. Serious fighting i.s in pro gress. “German troops, transported from the western front, have been concentrated in Blast Prussia on the River Alio. On September !) they begun to advance in considerable column* through the Mazur lake regions. Our advance i Continued on I'nito ■'light) CRUCIAL BATTLE NOT YET REACHED DECISIVE STAGE — French Reports Germans Have Been Driven Back All Along the Line. 3,000,000 Engaged London, September 10.—<11 p. in.) The crucial battle of the war In France baa not reached nay decisive result. Field Marahal Sir John French, com mander of Ihe HrHIsh force*, reported ' today .that the German* had been driven hack all iiIoiir the line: that < the British had crossed the Hlvcr i Marne; that the Germans hail suffered i severely, and that tlielr men were sup posed to he In nn extremely exhausted condition. Notwithstanding this report, military ex perts do not rush to sweeping conclusions. Military writers in the London papers repeat that from the conservative terms of the French official statement yester day It 1b too early to anticipate the re sult of the battle extending over a front (Continued ou Page Eight) • PARLIAMENT VOTES TO INCREASE ARMY —__ Asquith’s Request to Swell Army to Unprecedented Proportions Promptly Acted Upon Loudon, September 10.— I'lirllnnieiit odny voted to luereaMe the* rogtilar irmy to the unprecedented strength «f ,100,000 men. Thlw folloued the re inewt miule by Premier \ m«| ai 11 Ii In n vlilte pnper. nnkinu Ihnl TWHLOOO nn*n nil rnnkM be ndded to the regular irmy ni'd thnt l*iirlliiment slum no nlg lordly Mplrlf touflrd the men plio were •iiohlng to .loin Kiiglmtd'ii Inr flung but te line. The first half million men were voted August •». Mole than IW.OOO men, exclu sive of territorials, have answered to thta •all. These with 400,(XX) regulars and first •cserves that composed the army before the first call and the 600,000 that England ixpects will enlist In response to the second call, will make the army stronger numerically than at any time in Eng land's history. Tribute to War Office The premier, In his communication, paid n tribute to the war office organization, md dealt also with the various difficul ties connected with the rush of recruits. Measures had been taken, he said, to meet the congestion. These included an allowance of 75 cents a day to those for whom no accommodation could ho found n the barracks. If the grant wen passed ie was sure the response would be no ess keen and ample than was that to he first levy. He shoud be in a fiosltion :o put something like 1,400,000 men in the leld. That was the provision of the nother country herself exclusive of terri orUiis, the nutlonal reserve and the mag lificent contributions promised^ from Ln lia and the dominions. It was an effort worthy of a great sacrifice. As to the expense involved the premier was sure that the House of Commons would be ready to grant money us oc casion arose, but be wanted It made :leur that those showing a patriotic de lire to help the country In the. present •i'ImIm were not going to be treated in a iiggardly or unaccommodating spirit. "On .the contrary," said Mr. Asquith, 'they will be welcome to every possible ►rovlslon which will be made for their omfort and well-being so that they can akc their place and play their part under he best possible conditions In that mag ilficent army which, as every one knows (Continued on Paige Eight) »•••••«•••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••«* rODAY’S AGE-HERALD 1 -Kush fighting III Belgium., Hermans continues to retln Fighting in Afrleu. No present peace prospects. 2— Medical college of university need, hospital. 3— Bunks help people to practice economy. 4— Editorial comment. 6— Defends fraternities In speech. Kastern financiers buy cotton. To protest against Increased coal rate. , Picture of Uernuin cupital during war. •-Society. 7— Sports. 8— Architects from Chicago lure. »—Lovelady asked to name good roudb delegate*. 1— Markets. ». 2— Wall street lends willing ear to peace rumors.