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K. W. II tint HIT.Editor, Entninu at tuo lin nimaliaui, -Uu„ postoffice as second ciass matter uaiiei act of Congress Marc it 3, 1879. Daily and Sunday Age-lleraid . 88.Uo Hally and Sunday, per month .... Hally and Sunday, three months. 2 "d Weekly Age-lleruld, per annum. .-o Sunday Age-Herald. " ou A. J. Eaton, Jr., O. E. l ouns and W. H. Overbey are the only authorised traveling representatives of The Age Uerald in its circulation department. No communication will be published without Its authors name. Rejected manuscript will not he returned unless stamps are enclosed lor that purpose. Kemittanees can he made at current rale of exchange. The Age-Herald will not be responsible for money sent through the mails. Address, T11E AGE-HERALD, Birmingham, Ala. Washington bureau, 207 Hlbos uuild European bureau, 6 Henrietta street, Covent Garden, London. 4 Eastern business office, P.o'ims 85 to 60, inclusive, Tribune building. New York city: Western business office. Tribune building. Chicago. J he e>. <-■ Beckwith Special Agency, agents fot clgn advertising. TELEPHONE Bell (private exchange connecting all departmental. Main dlMMh Witness, this army of such mass, and charge Led by a delicate and tender prince. —•Hamlet. BEGINNING THE 11 \Y—Breathe npon me this morning with Thy Spirit, O Lord. Cleanse me, cool me, qnlet me. Let Ihe steady winds o.' Thy presence blow my sla nway, and my heat, nod my hnsle. En compass me round about wl(b Thy aelf, fold me In, moke me Thine. Iu His name. Amen.—H. M. R. No Need of . pas There is hope for the American with the European bath habit. The fact that his favorite spa is closed to pa tients because of the war need cause him no undue palpatations. Surgeon General Hubert Blue of the United States health service, says that ordi nary American spring water can be charged with radium and used success fully to treat all the ills which were formerly cured at the spas of Europe. Here’s encouraging news, to be sure. Instead of going abroad and giving large sums of money to steamship companies, hotel keepers and special ists, American tourists can stay at home and get the same sort of treat, ment at “greatly reduced rates.’’ A spa in the home might not he an im possibility for persons of means. Says Dr. Blue: “There is really n< occasion for uneasiness ubout the clos ing of the baths abroad. In the firs place we have springs in this countr; that possess amazing curative powers In the case of patients suffering fron ailments that respond to treatment b; radium it will be a simple matter t charge pure drinking ater with ra dium and use it for drinking or bath ing purposes.” It’s a wonder a suggestion of thi kind has not been made before. I was probably not made because tlv European spa habit has had such ; firm grip on well-to-do American: that no sort of substitute would havi met with their approval. Now that i is impossible to indulge this costly habit, Dr. Blue's suggestion may hi given thoughtful consideration. Th< annual expenditure of American pa tients at the European baths is enor mous. It will be diverted from Eu rope as a result of the war and wil doubtless greatly increase the pros perity of American health resorts. Regarding Education In this time when utilitarianism i: pushed forward young men seeking an education along the lines of voea tional work sometimes lose sight o: the importance of all ’round culture One of the greatest academic school: in the United States is that found a the University of Alabama adminis tered by Dr. George H. Denny. Th< youth who matriculates there for th< purpose of receiving a general eduea tion will attain ripe scholarship if h< follows the course. At the university also there is t great engineering school. Of the !20l or 1300 students who will he enrollei this year a good percentage of then —probably a fourth or a fifth—wil give especial attention to technologies studies. The boy who has been wel prepared in an academic way can af ford to put his mind principally upo the mathematical and technical side o the university course, but the yout who has not learned to write grair matical English before he enters a co lege or university for a technic: course is at a serious disadvantage. Here in Alabama there is more ii teregt in college education now tha in any previous year. There is a gre: demand for educated men in ever walk of life. The professional man t today is expected to be better educate than was the professional man of 1 or 20 years ago. And as for the tecl nical man, he must be exceptional! well advanced if he would be able I discuss problems on paper. Unless 1 can do that he cannot rise above tl , ordinary level. Hence it is that tl academic department of every collej, is of the utmost importance for tl practical youth who aims to be a mi | j chanical engineer, a mining engineer i or a chemical engineer, j The colleges of Alabama have pro gressed steadily in all branches of edu cation, and in cultural development they are ahead this year of last year’s standards. They cannot overdo the cultural side. Are Russians Aiding Belgians? The most significant dispatches from the war yesterday told of the renewal of fighting in Belgium, where the Antwerp garrison drove the Ger mans back, to the environs of Louvain. •For some time there have been re ports that Russian troops were being transported from Archangel, a Russian port on the White sea, to England and sent thence into Belgium. It is not impossible that the activity of the Belgians is the result of reinforce ments from that source. If a large Russian force has been landed in Belgium the Germans are in a very critical position. They have pushed into France with little regard for communications, carrying suffi cient ammunition with them and for aging on the country. Should an army cut the slender line that binds the Kaiser’s troops to their base they would be in grave danger from the rear. In the tremendous battle now rag ing from Verdun to the Marne river the allies continue to drive back the Germans and have pushed the invad ers 37 miles. Three million men are involved in the struggle, which has raged four days and is expected to continue at least another week. While the allies have by no means routed the Kaisier’s forces the con tinual advance cannot but have a bad effect on the morale of the troops. The French are renowned as offensive fighters and now have an opportunity to push home a crushing blow. Little definite has been heard from Galicia but Russian dispatches assert that Cracow is being evacuated, wh'ieli would indicate that success continues to rest upon the arms of the Czar. England proposes to increase her army to the unprecedented figure of 1,400,000 men, indicating that a pro tracted struggle is anticipated. Ger many will fight until the last gasp and every man will be needed before a treaty of peace is signed. Buy a Bale The “Buy-a-Bale-of-Cotton” move ment which originated with H. A. Wheeling, secretary of the Rome, Ga., Chamber of Commerce, has made a great hit. It has taken firm hold in , many southern cities, including Bir mingham. t According to the last report issued t by the government, the crop this year will equal almdst, if note quite, the , record breaking crop of 1911. r In round figures it will be fully , 15,000,000 bales, and it will not sur . prise statisticians if it turns out to be . 15,500,000 bales. In 1911 the crop, excluding linters, was 15,553,073 bales. But for the European war this year’s crop would be selling at 13 1-2 , to 14 cents a pound. As it is, farmers , who have been forced to sell early have > taken as low as 7 1-2 cents. It may , be that some of them have let their cotton go at 7 cents. If a large percentage of the crop * should be sold at a price below 10 cents it would mean a grievous blow to the south. Cotton, like pig iron, keeps well. It will be as spinable five or ten years hence as it is today. The European war which has depressed the cotton market situation will be ended some day. It is probable that before Christ mas a cotton market will be estab ■ lished on a 13 or 14-cent basis. But howsoever that may be, the people of the south should respond to the “Buy . a-Bale-of-Cotton” appeal. ; Hundreds of business men in Ala i bamu appreciating the peculiar condi tions have already bought cotton as a i civic duty. The movement will spread, r and if something like 5,009,000 bales should be acquired by men outside of , the cotton trade, the effect would be all that could be desired. ; Let the good work go on. I Amiens, frequently mentioned in the ^ war dispatches from abroad, is a city in I the northern i*urt of France, fc. Is the capital of the department of the Somme 1 and Is situated on the left bank of the ^ Somme, si miles north of Paris hy rut! ' road mid S3 miles from the Knglish clum 1 nel. Amiens has a population of about f 85,000. It was once a strongly fortified h city, but Its ramparts have been moved _ away to make room for handsome boule vards. Tile famous treaty of Amiens wnf I signed there by Great Britain, France Spain and Holland. March 25, 1802 Amiens was captured by the Prussian! November 28. 1870. during the Franco n Prussian war. It Is noted for its textl!: ^ Industries, which Include the manufaettm y of velvet, cotton, wool and silk goods, this f spinning, hosiery and a great variety o d fabrics. It also manufactures machinery 0 chemicals, blacking, shoe polish ar.d su 1-, 8»r. §_ y It has been proved by science that ml o crobes are not essential to life, but tin e merry microbe never stops to conalde e whether he Is essential or not. e It Is said that anger and excllemen e may cause kidney disease, hut a warnlni e like that isn't going to stop baseball lau >- fioin berating the umpire. Austria started out to punish Servia, but made one of the biggest mistakes re corded in historj*. Austria has been get ting all the punishment. Colonel Watterson Is waging an indi vidual war against "German-Americans” who object to his way of handling the Kaiser without gloves. Chicago is reported to be having a hard time in getting men to act as Judges at baby shows. Evidently a case of 'safety first.” The Red Cross is a standing rebuke to the sword, but there is no possibility of the latter being sheathed at any time soon. It scents strange to think that the most Important question in Paris only a short! while ago was, "Where shall we dine?” And another thing. You didn't think a few months ago that you would ever be calling St. Petersburg Petrograd. Historians will have much ado to tell what happened to Belgium in the present unpleasantness. You could hardly say the Thaw case “looms up,” but it is, so to speak, still on the boards. Still, even a flying wedge is apt to come to grief in contact with an immovable wall. Christmas in Europe will be a mockery this year. ROOSEVELT IN' LOUISIANA From the Washington Evening Star. At New Orleans Tuesday night Mr. Roosevelt dealt with two subjects of very great interest to the people of Louisiana: (1) The Mississippi river, and (2) the cane sugar Industry. He handled the former shrewdly. He would lay out the $26,000,000 which the Wilson administration would pay to Co lombia in compensation fcr Panama—he ! characterized it as "blackmail"—in river Improvements, “and as many more score? of million extra as are necessary to take control of the Mississippi, and to develop all its possibilities of usefulness from the headwaters to the delta.” That alone, we may all be sure, would have made him popular with his audience. “The big river” when in bounds is a great blessing to all the people of the valley; when out of bounds—and it breaks bounds nearly every year—a great curse. Over-/ flows are widely and terribly destructive, and the Louisiana people have to stand their share of fate's assessment. The tariff was not so much to the speaker's hand. His own record on the subject is against him. While in the White House he did nothing 'or tariff revision, but by his neglect contributed to the dif ficulties his party encountered when the matter was at last taken up. Revision in IfOl, when he entered the presidency, could have been accomplished. By 1909 it had become a task so full of peril it split them wide open in the execution. For the disaster he was largely responsi ble. Nor were his auditors last night in any better position. Hardly so good. They helped bring in the administration which has proved their undoing. They adjusted the noose with which they are soon to be worked off, unless the day is saved i y i restoration of the duty on sugar. That cannot be done by the lull mong ers, for a liberal estimate of thfir strength in the next House is 20. The sole hope is in the republicans, * either now, or two years hence. But the Louisiana sugar planters are not protectionists except ns to their own industry. Their senators and representa tives, while insisting on protection for sugar, have, with few exceptions, often voted against protection for the industries of other sections. The tariff, in their view and action, is, in General Hancock’s phrase, “a local question.” Let them write the sugar schedule, and the free traders may write all the others. Bull moosery in Louisiana is a mere flourish. It will not get anywhere. If the sugar industry’s Interests depended on Mr. Rcoimvelt and his supporters its grave clothes would be the proper order TYPICAL AMERICAN AMBASSADOR From the I^ew York World. Ambassador Herrick is the only for eign diplomatist who remains in Paris, just as Minister Waahburne was the only member of the diplomatic corps who re mained at his post there in 1870. Mr. Washburne was in Paris during the siege and during the Commune, looking after the interests of both Americans and Germans am] rendering services of ines timable value. if Paris is again be sieged, we have no doubt that Mr. Her rick’s work will reflect as much credit upon the United States as did Mr. Wash burne's. \ Mr. Sharp, who is to succeed Mr. Her rick. is also in Paris, but with a fine sense of patriotism lie has refused to present his credentials, and Mr. Herrick remains ambassador with Mr. Sharp, assisting him unofficially. The United States has a right to feel proud of men of that kind. This right Is stronger by reason of the certainty that what Mr. Herrick and Mr. Sharp are doing in Paris would have been done in similar circumstances by American representatives in any of ihe other Euro pean capitals. LIKE M'Ll K E SAYS From the Cincinnati Enquirer. The old-fashioned man who used to kick about paying $25 per month rent for an eight-room house now lias a son who cheerfully kicks in with $35 per montli rent for a one-stall garage. It is a cinch that the preacher who ad vised us to love our neighbors never stopped to reflect that maybe our wives would object. / When a man is blind to his own faults he never thinks of hunting up an oculist. I know a whole slew of them who are t hard-working fellows who behave them selves, hold their jobs and treat their families kindly, and yet like a glass ol beer now and then. But these fellow'! must either stick to water or be classed at sots, rummies ami booze fighters by oui liberal friends the prohibitionists. There are a whole lot of unselfish mer In the world just like the fellow whe brings his wife home a bottle of shorn wine and then drinks it all himself. Every woman knows that she Is tin only woman on earth who ever movec out of a house and left it clean . Lots of lads who have only one sui always leave their money at home ”ii their other clothes” when it is their turi to purchase. A woman would rather hear you roast ing her enemies than praising her friends Every time a man puts In 20 minute trying to find the beer opener he swear that he will bring a dozen openers horn tomorrow. Hut he never does. Too much success ajjd too much hooz t always leave* a man with a big head. ; yrhe fool men do a lot of silly things Biit you never saw a man borrow i 1 powder rag from another man and wip the shine off his nose. ■' r IN HOTEL LOBBIES Leaving; for Old Oxford H. II. Branscomb, who won a Rhodes Oxford scholarship, leaves Birmingham this morning for New York, whence he will sail on the steamer St. Paul, September 23. for England. Oxford uni versity, as everyone should know, is made up of a large group or colleges —most of them old and many of them famous. Young Branscomb will matric- j ulate at Wadham college, which is ven erable with age. Mr. Branscomb is a son of the Rev. Dr. Branscomb. at present Methodim presiding elder of this district. He has consecrated himself to the ministry of the Methodist church. Judge Fort Commended “The action of Judge \V. E. Fort of the criminal court in discharging a number of negroes who had been confined for weeks in the county jail on a charge of shooting craps or some other*trivial of fense is to' be highly commended,'’ said a local attorney. “These men were uhdoubtedly guilty of the offense charged, yet it is a travesty on justice that they should be cooped up in the county jail,, and in the base ment at that, week after week without be ing given a trial. It should also be re membered that tlie state pays 30 cents a day for feeding these prisoners, and that last year’s feed bill went over $20,000. It certainly pays some one to keep the jail filled with prisoners. “This shows the crying need of a reform in dealing with tills class of offenders. A speedy trial always tends to bring about justice. Under the present laws these prisoners have to be tried in the criminal court, and consequently have to lie in jail during the recess of the court. "This is neither fair to tlie prisoner nor to tlie state. On the one hand it deprives a man of ills liberty and ability to earn a livelihood for those dependent upon him and imposes a burden on the state in the way of feed bills. It lias been suggested that the jurisdiction of the court of common pleas so ably presided over by Judge H. B. Abernethy and Judge C. VV. Hickman, should have its jurisdiction extended to reach this class of offenses, and it is to be hoped that the incoming legislature will give this matter serious consideration." Builders of Birmingham The Traders National bank, in its inter esting series of biographic sketches, has this in connection with its September cal endar: "Charles Peter Beddow was born at Whiteside. Tenn., on January 17, lGtiO. He graduated from tlie law department of Cumberland university in 1880, and short ly thereafter engaged in coal mining. From 1881 to 1895 he served successively as superintendent of tlie Aetna Coal com pany at Whiteside, Tenn., ^hperintendent | of the Soddy Coal company at Rathburn, i Tenn., general manager of the Alabama ! Connellsville Coal company, and super I intendent of the Sloss-Sheffiekl Steel and Iron company’s Coalburg mines. “In 1895 he commenced the practice of law in Birmingham. Witli a keen mind, a ready wit, and a thorough knowledge of men, Mr. Beddow proved to be an ex ceptionally good trial lawyer, and through successful handling of matters entrusted to him soon acquired a large clientele. For many years he was associated with U. G. Bowman and G. R. Harsh, and in 1913 lie organized the firm of Beddow & Oberdorfer, composed of himself. A. Leo Oberdorfer, one of the most capable and successful of the younger attorneys of Birmingham, and associates. Mr. Beddow was a useful member of the Tennessee legislature in 1885 and 1886, and lias been active in political matters since that time. An orator of note, his addresses have featured many campaigns. Among other honors that have been be stowed upon him, lie was the first delegate to the Alabama constitutional convention in 1901. nominated by the Jefferson county democratic convention. The acumen and enterprise which caused Mr. Beddow to rise in his profession have been displayed in his personal affairs, and he hus been most successful in his business enter prises." *n Important Convention “I expect between 1000 and 1100 men here for the Phi Delta Theta convention in December,'” said Robert Thach of the arrangement committee yesterday. "We have arranged to entertain the members of the fraternity with a smoker, ban quet and ball at the clubs and at the Tutwiler hotel. We hope to have men that are distinguished in this country in law', letters and art as well as in other fields of accomplishment. I consider Bir mingham extremely well -thought of to interest the Phi Delta Theta convention officers, sufficiently to secure for this city the national meeting. It is a very rare thing for this con vention to meet elsewhere than In some of the largest cities of the country like New York, Philadelphia, Chicago or St. Louis. Therefore the compliment to Birmingham is quite marked. "The men who will attend this meeting are without exception men of affairs, and many of them men of wealth.*' Electrical Fug lure tin K "As important and advanced as elec trical engineering is today, it is yet in its infancy," said J. F. Heard of Atlanta, division electrical engineer of the Postal Telegraph-Cable company. “Electricians and engineers are or iginating new ideas all tlie while and with scientific development these new inventions are making for the bene fit of tlie business world. "1 travel through the south and 1 arti glad to see the eager interest that young men are taking in technical ed ucation. 1 was educated at Auburn, and the institute there is, 1 am glad to sa.v, holding its own with tlie best of them. It has a fine engineering de partment In all branches. Its electrical course is certainly very fine.” ANTIQUATED ADS From tlie New York Tribune. Irving Fletcher, at a dinner in Phila delphia, said to a delegation of Philadel phla business men: "I advise, then, gentlemen, absolute ad vertising truth, absolute advertising ac curacy. Nothing but harm resulted fron the mendacious advertising of the past It Is only since advertising became truth ful that it became all powerful, i "In the old days a man got off a 1 a counfry station and said to a native: " ‘How far are Smith's new swell-fron brick villas from here?’ ‘ " ‘Smith’s villas? Two hours’ wall , down that there sunny road, stranger, ‘ the native answered. " *WhS% hang it, the ad says they’r : only a two-minutes’ walk.’ •* ‘Wall, stranger,’ drawled the lia [ tive, ’you can believe me or you can be j lieve the ad. only I ain’t tryln’ to se! the villas.’ " j WAR ECHOES Washington Post: The comparatively small number of troops furnished by Great Britain does not give any hint of the help which the British empire is giving to the allies In the war with Germany and Austria. The longer the war continues, the more Important will be the part played by Great Britain, and the more loss she will Inflict upon Germany. Germany lias about 5000 vessels, with a total net tonnage of about 3,500,000, requir ing 75,000 sailors. The shipping In the Baltic amounts to about WOO vessels of 41X1.000 net tons. The tonnage of vessels entering and clearing from Hamburg Is about 13.0tXi.000 a year; at Bremen. 2.000, 000. Practically all of tile German shipping, except in the Baltic, has been paralyzed by the British fleet. The ports of Ham burg and Bremen no longer import food stuffs from the United States or other couptries. Germany Is obtaining some foodstuffs from Scandinavia, but since she cannot feed more than 50,000,000 of her peo ple, even In years of good harvests, she must import food for the remaining 15,00, 000, and Scandinavia cannot furnish this demand. German exports are greatly curtailed. The value of her exports of home pro duction is about $2,250,000,000. A large part of this production cannot be shipped abroad. The market for German manu factures is virtually destroyed by the British blockade. The world's food output Is about $500, 000,000 a year, of which more than one lialf comes from the British empire, one fifth from the United States, $42,000,000 frojn the Russian empire, and the balance from Mexico and South America. Practi cally all this gold Is shut off from Ger many. Tlie estimated cost to Germany of one year of war Is $2.300,000,000. By cutting off Germany’s commerce and by driving German ships from the ocean, the British fleet Is doing more, in the long run, to defeat Germany than Is be ing done by the allied armies. With an assurance of supplies and gold from abroad, and a market for her products, Germany could withstand indefinitely an assault by the Russian army, and prob ably could permanently annex Belgium and Conquer France. But with her fac tories paralyzed and the cold grip of the British fleet about her throat, Germany must fight with redoubled vigor to bring the war to a close before starvation con quers her. Charles F. Spears, in American Review of Reviews: War always brings out the fact that the resources of Individuals are far greater than suspected and that won derful vitality underlies what may seem impoverished surfaces. Witness Mexico in the last two years, ridden by revolu tion, 60 per cent of its transportation sys tem out of commission, all but one of its eastern ports and gateways for commerce closed, ami agriculture and mining aban doned In the northern states, and still supporting a great army w-ith every money market of the world opposed to it. Bismarck never believed that France could pay the $1,000,000,000 Indemnity in 1870; hut from every stocking in tile em pire came a tithe, and the debt was liquidated in a few months. If the figures presented by the Amer ican Society for Thrift are approximately correct, the people of this country spend each year for intoxicants, soft drinks, to bacco, candy, chewing gum, motor ears, theatres, moving pictures and other ex travagances the sum of $4,000,000,000. Tnls is about what different economists have reckoned to be the total cost of the pres ent European war. Europeans are not so careless of their money as Americans, but they are not oO per cent more thrifty than we. The popu lation of the nations engaged in war is four times that of the United States. So, If we estimate that 25 per cent of all males may he drawn into the struggle and the earning capacity of another 25 per cent be affected by it we can see where enforced economy would supply the re serve for many war bills. Cleveland Plain Dealer: There Is no braver nor more efficient race in Europe than the Hungarians. They are excellent soldiers and admirable administrators. The German Austrians, the other domi nant race of the dual monarchy, are, like their brothers of the German empire, one of the most enlightened peoples of the world, leaders in science anil the arts, and fine soldiers. Besides the Magyars and the Germans of Austria the Hapsburg empire con tains a great mass of Slavic peoples; Czechs, Poles, Ruthenians, Slovenes, Croats, Serbs; all good fighting men. From such material one might believe an army as efficient as thut of Germany should have been developed by tile mili tarist government which dominates Aus tria-Hungary as completely as Hohenzol lernlsm dominates Prussia. Yet the record of the Austrian arms in the present war is one of disaster. The invasion of Servia has been a complete failure, and Servian and Montenegrin armies are winning repealed victories on Austrian territory. In the greater field of war in Galicia and Poland the Aus trians have been practically crushed by the Russian forces. The contrast between the effectiveness of the Germans and the Ineffectiveness of the Austrians naturally lends to an effort to seek an Internal cause, and one reudlly appears. The Slavic constituents of the Austrian armies are unwilling fighters either against Russia or against Servia. They have no love for the •'fatherland," such as that which animates the soldiers of Germany. With the exception of a section of the Poles and a minority of the Ruthenians of Galicia the Slavs of Austria-Hungary have long been agita tors against Magyar-Gern.an domination. They are not eager to fight for the per petuation of a masteiy against which they have long protested. The discerning reader must largely dis count the Russian report* of wholesale desertions from the Slavic regiments oE the Austrian armies. It Is even likely that the soldiers* In spite if their lack of patriotic enthusiasm, have remained true to their colors. But men who are fighting ' for a cause to which they are not de voted cannot be the most efficient sol 1 dlers. They are not appalled at the pos sibility o* defeat, and contemplate with proepect of discoflture tc the master! whom they are fopeed to obey. There is no lack of individual bravery In the Austrian army, and rrobably m 1 lack of efficient leadership. The weak ness Is the weakness of the Austro-Hun s garian empire Itself, an artificial estao ' llshment under which millions of me> are governed without their consent ant ! In opposition to their national and racia aspirations, . New York Tribune; There has beei 1 but little vivid description of the aettia fighting In Belgium, and nothing to com ADRIFT WITH THE TIMES J| A BRAVE LOT. The battered Belgians still resist. In truth they've made a gallant stand And well deserve to head the list those who fight for native land And liberty, with vim and pluck. Against a proud and haughty foe. " e can but wish them better luck And may thejr blood soon cease to flow. EXPENSIVE PLACE. Are things going to 3uit you at this hotel ?■■ "Everything but my money. That's go ing too fast." Ql'ITE A PROBLEM. The good old summer time is gone, But we are not regretting that. For now our thoughts are centered on The way to get a winter hat. THOSE GIRLS. "His wooing was impetuous. He threw himself at my feet.” "I hope you kept them under your skirt as much as possible, -dear. You wear fours." x EXCEPTIONAL CASE. "I'm not what you would call a hard hearted man.” "Oh, no.” ' "Still, if I should happen to read in the newspapers that a youth had collapsed from overtndulgence in the Brazilian max. ixe, I could resist the temptation to send him flowers.” NO TIME TO ARGL'E. 1m not the sort of fellow that takes things for granted,” said the pugnacious looking Individual who was sitting beside a meek little man, as he again burled his nose in his newspaper; "But when I takes a look over a feller's shoulder at de headlines In his noose paper it gits my goat to have him fidget like I was doin' him a personal injury.” "Hum, ha. I get off here," said the meek little man, who laid his paper care fully on the seat and made a hasty exit. EASY. “Say,” remarked the new arrival Drvburgh, “how can 1 get a drink here “Got a cockscrew?” “Yes.” |! “Show it to the first man you meet.” - 1 SPEAKING OF NAMES. She was round and she was ruddy, ! And her cheeks were like the rose; And she weighed at least one-eighty } As the hay scale record shows. She was sound as any dollar, I And no stronger girl you’ve met; 1 Yet this big and ribust creature j Had been christened Violet. 'j —Cleveland Plain Dealejf [ He is big and strong and husky; He's not handsome, not by far; He is lowbrowed, scrappy ugl>% Grafting booze at every bar. 1 He associates with ruffians, J And a yeggman is his pal, ,B* Yet this unforbidding fellow Had been christened Per-ci-val. —Allentown Democrat. He is sissitled and happy And he shrinks from blows and strife, ii And he never said a scrappy Word in all his peaceful life. j He would show a streak of yellow If he saw a wooden gun; 1 Yet this flossy little fellow » Has been christened Well-lng-ton. —Springfield Union. % Slie was built of bone and gristle, And her nose was sharp and thin, f And her eyes were sharp as gimlets, ^ And she had a scrappy chin; With her tongue she tore her neighbors’ I Reputation up. and she 1! In the days beyond recalling | Had been christened t Cha-ri-ty. 5 —Houston l?ost. He is crooked and a grafter j And he seldom tells the truth; Has been robbing other people I Ever since he was a youth. ji Beats his wife and plays the bully, j. But from any man would run; | Yet this much-detested villain i> Has been named George Washington. j. FOR “HIM.” r “Grayee seems to get a great many let- | ters.” i “It's only those she reads in bed that are important.” TURKEY’S TURN. In explaining the attitude of the TurkisL government toward the warring powers a Tipkish diplomat indulges in some cutting t, sarcasm at the expense of “Christian na- ■ tions.” The Turk is in a fine position just now to do that very thing. P. C. GREAT TRIALS OF HISTORY | TRIAL OF KULLMAN 1 ATvno time in his life did the Iron Chancellor, Bismarck, —show his clearness and level-headedness more than on the occasion of the attempt to assassinate him at Kissingen. On July 13. 1874. shortly after noon, Prince Bismarck, as was his wont, entered his carriage previous to going to the baths, for which Kissingen was noted. As the carriage, with its famous occu pant, left the garden surrounding the villa, and entered the street a short, thick set man in the garb of a Roman priest, obstructed the vehicle by stepping in front of the hors.s. After repeated calls from the driver, to which he wa& at first seemingly deaf. lie. eventually left the road but kept pace with the carriage by hastening along tlie sidewalk. Fifty yards further on he repeated the performance, again stepping in the road directly before the carriage. At this moment, a ^single man stepped from the crowd, which was very small at that spot, advanced to within a "ew yards of the carriage and took off bis but to pay ills respects to the Prince. Cr. return the latter gave a military salute, at which time the vehicle bad drawn al most parallel with the bystander and at which time the priest was *still lurking1 j about the heads of the horses. The man then quickly whipped a re volver from out of his pocket, took delib erate aim ami fired a shot at Bismarck. The would-be assassin being at the leit of the carriage and Bismarck at the light shielded the Prince partly, afod so discon certed the aim that instead of the bullet reaching its intended mark, it grazed the thumb of the right hand of the Prince, ; which was in the position of the military salute. The coachman, to whom all credit, was due, sizing up the situation at a glance, quickly lashed Kullman—for it was he— across the face which caused him to fling away the pistol and riin for life down the street so quickly that very few per sons around realized how near the Iron Chancellor hadt been to death's door. When looking around it was found that the priest had also decamped at the sound of the first shot, and realizing the futility of searching at the precise moment for either of the men, Bismarck ordered the carriage to be put about, and he returned to tlie villa. After a desperate attempt to make a getaway. Kullman was secured and im prisoned. The Prince visited the prisoner whjist he was held and asked him the reason of the crime. Kullman avowed that his motives were revenge and hatred in consequence of the ecclesiastical laws. He also admitted that lie had been enj bittered by the persecution of different persons, among them the Archbishop of Posen. J Tlie trial itself, which was held at \\ urzburg, lasted two days, beginning on October 29, 1S74. A plea of insanity was i entered on the prisoner’s behalf, live public prosecutor opened the case, and ruv examination of Kullman began, c'nder ' pressure he admitted his guilt on all the principal points. Notwithstanding this | confession the prosecutor ruled that apait from it. full evidence should be admitted to the court. It was also brought out in the trial th^.t while Kullman was living in Salzwvdal he had joined a Catholic society; that he had before committed acts of violence, such as wounding a fellow workman and had given vent to his feelings many times with revolutionary statements. He ad mitted that he had uttered threatfniryg remarks, such as, ‘'Rtwore I die another must fall.*’ j it was also brought out in the course of the trial that he had considered the plot many times, having bought the pistol in Berlin almost a year before. He tried the murder in Berlin, but luckily he cqAfid not^find the residence of Bismarck. Again, he had gone to the country resort where ^ the Prince was staying, hut arrived too late, for the prince had traveled on. For his defense a plea of insanity was once again entered, and as a result he x/as examined by Hubrieh, a director of a lunatic asylum, who found him deficient in a moral sense, yet his free will was so trifllngly affected that there was scarcely any ground for mitigation. The public prosecutor then submitted*; two r^uestions which were to be mainly considered: Did Kullman intend to kill Bismarck, and did he fire the pistol with that object? Was the deed premeditated? The prisoner himself owned his guilt to both. The public prosecutor then asked j the jury to find the prisoner guilty, demanded a sentence of 15 years’ impris onment. j Kullman was then found guilty as charged in the indictment and sentenced to imprisonment for 14 years in the house of correction, and 10 years' suspen- # si on of his civil rights and police surveil lance. The priest whom at first seemed to have played so great a part in the At tempted crime, was found not guilty, as neither he nor the prisoner knew each other, and by a remarkable coincidence he had so acted just at the time to gain a better view of the Iron Chancellor. TOMORROW—TRIAL OF COLONEL ARTHUR LYNCH ^ I pare with the picture of German soldiers as Mr. Davis saw them envelop the streets of Brussels. IJowKthat that army —"the gray of the hour just before day break. the gray of the unpolished steel, of mist among green trees"—has driven southward through the first lines of the allies' defense, there is added force to the ominous words. The protective coloration of armies, to adopt the naturalists' phrase, is a sub ject of astonishingly recent development. Every American Bchoolhoy has learned what fine marks the gaudy British uni forms were at Lexington and Bunker Hill. Yet It was not until modern rifle fire reached its marvelous precision at long range that service uniforms were widely adopted. The German uniform was the result ol long experimentation, and is undoubtedly an admirable neutral tint in the gray green foliage of Belgium «(nd France The British service uniform is mote of a drab color. The Belgian army is reported to have fought in Its ordinary uniforms, many of which are brilliantly colored They have suffered severely in conse quence. The French army has been on< of the last to adopt a service uniform, anc there is some question as to what pro ! portion of its forces now in the field h equipped with the new cloth, it is de scribed as an olive drab, somewhat sug i gesting the winter uniforms of our Amer I lean army. From Mr. Davis’ description it wouli seem that one troop of French dragoons I which he observed were wearing their old blue and red uniforms. If this holds true of any large number of French sol diers it may prove a serious handicap. liGAD US AGAIN From the New York Evening Sun. Father, our hopes are bivouacked in our hearts, Our fearMind prayers are all a-wing to I'hee! ^ Stretch out Thy holy hand, we humbly ask, f [ And lead us with Thy clear, all solving light Out of the desolate darkness of our time. As Thou didst in the bleak, black ages gone. * Give us again the Sight that we may see; Once more set spinning ah the looms of Peace; Rekindle reason, laith, good will on eaftli. Lord. Thy almighty arm alone can quench The fire that girdles all the world with woe, Drench Thou the pyre of flesh and bone and blood Whose glare reflects the stubborn pride of Kings j And shows the fellowship cf n^an at ciu)' The flow'r of sturdy nations withers fa«.^ And fruits of mellowed genius rot apace | In shell swept trench of many bittleflelds; Babes sleep unmothered in their cradle nests. | While orphaned children weep n wakeful dreams, And women robbed of father, husband,, son, Trudge troubled through the dust clottda of the plow. A • ... l Christ did not die upon Uie Cross for thift!