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THE BIRMINGHAM AGE-HERALD
fcfC VOLUME XXXXIV _ BIRMINGHAM, ALABAMA, THURSDAV, OCTOBER 22, 1914 10 RAGES - MEMBER 109 Violent Battle Raging On Left Wing of Allies Germans Reported In Full Retreat Near Warsaw | ERRIFIC FIGHTING IN NORTH FRANCE WITHOUT DECISION tie Is Raging in West Flanders With Opposing 'orces Fighting Desperately to Gain Advan ige—French Claim Allies Have Repulsed Ger lan Offensive Movements—No Decisive Re ! ilts Have Been Attained. J ---/, The War Situations' Paris, October 21.—(11 p. m.)—The official statement issued by the French war office tonight reports a violent battle on the left wing, with the allied forces holding their ground. ► “On our left wing from the North sea as far as La Basset, on the several fronts from Nleuport to Dixmude, from Ypres to Menin, and from Warneton to La Bassee, a violent battle has been fought during the whole day. “According to the latest advices the allied forces were holding their ground everywhere. “There is nothing to report regarding the center or the right wing.” RUSSIA Petrograd, October 21.—The Russian official statement issued tonight says: “German troops, which had occupied the roads leading to Warsaw, in the region north of the River Pilitz, have been repulsed and are in full retreat, leaving their wounded on the battlefield. “The Germans have abandoned the positions they had fortified in advance. * "The Russian troops are energetically advancing along the whole front. “The enemy is still occupying the left bank of the Vistula south of the Pilitz and as far as Sandomlr.” GERMANY Loncon, October 21.—(10:10 p. m.)—A Marconi dispatch from Berlin to . night says: "It is reported that Ostend is being bombarded by the British fleet.” | ENGLAND s London, October 22.—(12:04 a. m.)—The official press bureau issued the | following statement at midnight: "Throughout yesterday the enemy made a vigorous attack against the alllesLfront, but was beaten back, suffering considerable loss. The Belgian sstjr r,f ’f***'**~«>«wr wtwv«.Ttfearvrrvu rwrvtf w, »w .r:.uwU «fT%| of its position.” Bordeaux, October 21.—(6:30 p. m.)—A great battled rag ing between Lille and Ostend. according to dispatches received here this afternoon. The dispatches add that the situation of the allies is considered eminently satisfactory thus far. London, October 21.—(9:30 p. m.)—Fierce attacks and counter attacks delivered almost continuously for a week or more by the allies and the Germans have resulted in no definite % decision in the battle raging in west Flanders and northern France. The contest in the eastern war arena in east Prussia, Poland and Galicia has been equally undecisive. AUSTRIA FACES MEAT SHORTAGE Venice, Oc.toher 22.—(Via Paris. 1(5:50 b. m.)—Austria and Hungary face h serious meat shortage, ac cording lo Information received here. Prices in Vienna and Buda pest have risen tlie past fortnight, but live stock offered has been far below the quantity required. The situation Is aggravated further by the necessity of providing for troops in the field. L ■—-...ni.. MEN AGAIN LOSE FIGHTJl RELIEF Bitter Debate on Hardwick Amendment to Banking: Bill Ends in Failure for Southerners ^aahlngton, October 21.—< Special.) Kmmin a rough and tumble fight la the Houae and again a defeat for the mil itant cotton atatea men In their ef j tort today to obtain radical relief leg islation for the cotton and tobacco pro duce™ and landowner*. The fight to day hinged on the no-called Hardwick amendment to one of the hanking h!U« and the amendment wan defeated by a vote of HI yean. 123 nays and 13 voting “present." The pending hill to which the amendment wan to he tacked on provided that haakN might make Ionian on commercial paper to the extent of 100 per cent of unimpaired capital aad nurpluit, instead of 30 per cent* aa the law atanda. As brought before the House the Hard wick amendment, framed for the cotton and tohncpn in*«r«ntn_ provided that 12M. <XK),eoo should be raised by tho government In either notes carrying 2 per cent in terest or a sale of 4 per cent Panama bonds, or both, this money to be deposited with banks on condition that they would loan it to cotton and tobacco producers or landowners at 4 per cent. No loans, no deposits, provided the bill. The notes or bonds were to be redeemed in gold on or after January 1, 1916 and no govern ment deposits should be withdrawn from such banks before that date. SOLONS UNABLE TO SUGGEST PLAN OF RELIEF IN CAUCUS HELO AL CAPITAL Bankhead. Governor and 25 Future Members of Leg islature Have Talk on Cotton Situation NO INDICATION OF SPECIAL SESSION TO TAKE UP QUESTION Governor Still Takes Attitude '('hat He Will Not Act Until Some Satisfactory Plan Is Offered By HUGH W. RODUHTS Montgomery, October 21.-*(Spe cial.)—There have been gathered in Montgomery today people represent ing every section of the slate. On one subject—only one—they have agreed, and that subject was this: “The situation regarding cotton is very serious.'’ But no one had a plan to preserve or even relieve the farmer on wUilch any other Imltvhjuul could agree. This afternoon, for Instance, in the pri vate dining room of the Exchange hotel, there was n caucus in which the gov ernor of Alabama, Senator Bankhead and Chairman Bibb Graves of the democratic executive committee, conferred with about 25 future members of the legislature. There was Senator Bankhead with the Bankhead plan—a plan which provides that the state issue bonds for the pro tection of the cotton crop In the sum of ■Rgt.OOO.flW. There was the governor, ready to call the legislature In extraordinary Session as Soon as a practicable plan for relief was suggested. There wss General Graves, ready to call the execu tive committee in special session in order that an example might be set for exec utive committees of other states to fol low. The gun was loaded and primed. But It did not explode. There was need of an idea. It was not forthcoming. This lack of action of future members of the legislature, their inability to think in a body, to agree, Was taken us a strik ing Illustration of what would very prob ehly result were the governor to con vene the lawmakers In special session. Still in 'Statu Quo The situation is In statu tyio. It was reported this morning that the governor would call the legislature in extraordi nary session November 1], This after noon, however, the governor reiterated hie former expression—that he would not cell the legislature together until some plan, practicable In nature, had been suggested and agreed upon bv a majori ty of members of the legislature. He mentioned the absurdity of spending that sum of money which an extra session would require In the accomplishment of nothing more than the legislature of Tex ts, convened In extra session, accom pllshedi-and that wgs nothing. At the caucus this afternoon, one of the members suggested that the governor convene the members of the legislature In Informal session In order that Ideas from members might be obtained. This course was ultimately abandoned. An other member suggested that by formal resolution the governor be authorised to consider with Chairman Graves every de tail of the altuation and then take that action wnieh appeared tq hint wise. Ed Johnston of Madison, taking the floor, told the other members of the caucus that the governor was already so doing, and that any Instructions from an un organised body would be absurd. It is unnecessary to add that the resolution was not pressed. Senator Bankhead Is still Insistent that il.lt plan bo accepted. He holds that it Is wise and that It will result In untold good. It Is considered probable that a majority of the people of the state agree with hint. This is due. however, it Is generally agreed, to the plight of the peo ple—a plight so serious that they feel justlned In grasping at any straw Bankhead Brings Some News This morning, Senator Bankhead, ne r the conclusion of his address on the cot ton situation, threw his audience Into a "near” panic when he declared In bold, unequivocal language, "that every man In Waahingtor in poasesslnh of a brain knew at least four weeks ago that noth ing In the way of financial relief was Jp be expected from the government.” The audience was led to believe that certain southern congressmen who have been exceedingly busy with proponed schemes for the relief of the southern farmer, have Indulged in a "grandstand play," and have, knowing In advance tile futility of their proposed schemes, kept the people of the south hoping against •Oatliud n Pace' Test Acrimonious Debate In a bitter fight, marked by aerimon ious debate, the amendment first was weakened on the installment plan. First, the provision for the Bale of bonds to raise the 1250,000,000 Was stricken out by a vote of, 57 to 49. Next, the specification that the proposed notes should bear 2 per cent interest was wiped out, 64 ayes to 43 nays. Finally, the requirement that the banks should charge only 4 per cent on loans of the government deposits to producers and land owners was cut out of the bill, 82 ayes to 43 nays. A sec tion providing for retirement of the pro posed bonds was stricken out unanimous ly, as of no use after the bond Issue had been voted down. Then the remainder of the amendment was defeated on roll call by the vote given at tho outset, 91 ayes to 123 nays, with 13 “neutrals” watching the battle. Filibuster Develops Whereat, a filibuster developed. Repre sentative Mann made the strictly formal motion to reconsider the vote and lay the motion to reconsider on the table and Representative Wingo insisted on a roll call. “Well,” retorted Mann, “if you decline to play fair and propose to filibuster, why go ahead and filibuster,” and a roll call was ordered. Again the cotton men were defeated, 119 to 90, and “the clincher" was applied by that vote. Chaos developed. A motion wras made to reconsider the vote' by whiclj a com mittee amendment to the pending bill had been adopted and another roll ^pall developed. In the meantime, however, the House agreed to take up the con ference committee’s report on the war tax bill at 10 o'clock tomorrow morn lrg, and adjournment is expected to fol low soon after this has been disposed of, whether any cotton legislation be pend ing or not. After reaching this agreement the House resumed the calling of the roll on various and sundry propositions till a quorum melted away and Representative Dent moved to adjourn. This fell through and the House twirled Its thumb, waiting for a quorum. Then, at 0:50 o’clock patience ceased to be a virtue and It adjourned without reaching the pending bill to in crease the limit of commercial paper for banks from 30 Xo 100 per cent. In the course of the debate Represen tative Burnett got a moment to make a speech and Representative Dent obtained consent to printing his remarks in the, record. Pleading that (Congress help the south fr* help itself, Mr. Burnett recalled how (Coat laved •• Page Tea) mis is cieariy evident irom reports issued officially at various headquar H ters, which content themselves today with recounting the fact that violent attacks have been made. The French, however, claim the allies have repulsed German offensive movements at vari | ©us points in the west. According to the French communication tiic Germans also made attacks against the allies’ lines at Nleupprt, Dlxmude and f Labassce. The German general staff de ■j clare lighting continues on the Yser canal find that the Germans, taking the offen sive west of Lille, have repulsed the French at several points. Contra vert Reports ^ These reports seem to contravert opti mistic accounts appearing in English j newspapers from correspondents who ! claimed they were in west Flanders and who stated that the Germans had been driven back. The Germans, however, are believed g here to be fighting under a great dis ' advantage, especially along the coast, as the British ships assisting the allies’ land forces have long-range guns capable Of Seriously menacing German troops and then in the trenches as well as the am munition trains and supply convoys. While no official information is avatl M able <s to the ships being used, it Is probabL they are the three monitors which were being completed In England by the governing when the war broke out, and which ^rere bought by the admiralty. Dlaw Little Water These monitors draw' leas than nine feet ©f water and fyuld take up positions not far from short from which their six inch guns and 4.7-inch howitzers could ttyrow shells nearly four miles across country, the rang* being given them by | airmen. \ The vessels assisting the allies have not ©sen allowed to carrA out their operations In peace, for derma', submarines have Xollowed them down \he coast and at tacked them while they were shelling German positions. Thess attacks, how 1 •?*![; ?er.e made futile by the presence of British destroyers. One account says the submarines suffered losses, but this Statement has not been confirmed. It has been remarked that the sub marine and aeroplanes, which In times Of peace have proved themselves the niost dangerous arms of the army and "avy service, have suffered little loss ■Bd have been doing splendid work Big Land Battles Land battles are being contested with Jfury and tenacity that would ,n Icate that strategic Importance Is at tached to tha positions held by the op posing armies. When a town la readied otreet fighting generally develops. One Hoe gains an advantage only to lose It when the other side brings up rein forcements. '"i'j ’Thus far the allies have held Ypres, which Is considered an Important point, *» It supports the allied force thrown out toward Routers and Seemingly en dangers the rear of tha*Germany army advancing toward. IJlxmude and the coast. The Germans are striking hard at the HtW Use la the vicinity of La ... * >> ’ • ' m *-*$ X ’ ' ’ -t. 7. •'* ana nave made counter attack? against the force which for many days has teen endeavoring to relieve Lille. Along the rest of the line from went to part the French communication says there is no notable change. The German staff also ignores that pari of the battle front In Its state ment. These reports doubtless mean that neither side has mads any con siderable advance. It Is not believed here that there has been a cessation in <ho fighting either on the Meuse, where the French aret trying to drive the Germans away from St. Mihiel and Cap lies Romalnes or at Belfort, which the Germans are attacking. No Decision Reached Of the fighting In Russia the German official report says no decision has been reached while the Russians clal.n an important victory. An official re port lroin Petrograd says German troops which were advancing toward Warsaw in the region north of the Pll 1'r.a river have been repulsed and are now In full retreat. They are said to have left their wounded on the field. The Russians, according to this report, have assumed the offensive but the Ger mans are resisting on the left bank of the Vistula south of the Pilltxa region as far as Sandomlr. The report seems to show that the Ger mans have concentrated a strong force of artillery in front of Koclenlce, just across the river from the important for tress of Ivangorod. It add# that the Rus sians are holding this district under most favorable conditions as far as locality Is concerned, but In the next sentence de clares that the Russian positions on the left bank of the Vistula is now secure. Of the progress of the battles In Ga licia, the Russian and Austrian reports again are In direct conflict. The Rus sians say the Austrians have failed to cross the San river, and that the Rus sians are taking the offensive, while near Prxemysl the Russians repulsed numer ous bodies of Austrians. Attack* Progressing \ The Austrians, on the other hand, claim that their attacks are progressing, and that the Russians have been driven out of several places. It is thought pos sible here that the Austrian report re fers to a battle taking place further to (Coatlaued on Page Teat • ((••(••(•••••••MtMMtMMMtSttltSMaMaasMMaMti ROULERS BOMBARDED AND TAKEN BY ALLIES IUUAIS AliE-HJSKALD 1— Violent battle on alllee' left. Militant cotton men lose again. Age-Herald to print state laws. Steel corporation defended 2— Americana come to aid of starving Belgians. S—Rapid recovery In exports. i—Editorial oomment. / B—Abandon one-crop idea. Weatherly gets into Ward-Molton t»t., AMverttalng congest In,* Monday’s Age-Hbrald. • f i \' Tweedy sells .Shades mountain land. ; * -Society. 7—Sporty. ,' A—Markets. y—Resolutions 'urging oxtra session ZM: c&Mtorr it Amsterdam, October a.—(By way of London, 7:<* p. m.)—The Telegraaf learns from Sluls that the allies were successful after a bombardment of Routers In West Flanders that lasted throughout Tues day night. It is reported that the allies now occupy that town. The Telegraaf correspondent says 40,000 Germans last week occupied Roulera and later moved on to reinforce the army near N Import and Dlxmude, leaving only about 100 men to hold the town. On Sun day 200 French dragoons from Ypres routed this guard and took possession. Several thousand reinforcements soon .4—*>' v . came up and built barricades In the streets and posted artillery. A German force hastily dispatched frtun Bruces and Ghent later swept down on the town and, supposed by artillery, gained an entrance. Fierce street flcbtlnc followed, the French being forced to re treat.- Once again the Germans occupied, the town and burned down many build ings to open a way for their artillery. Many of the Inhabitants, the correspond ent says, must have lost their lives In the Sellars, where they sought refuge. On Tuesday reinforcements for the al lies arrived with heavy guns, and after hi all njght bombardment, recaptured | VANDALISM r " -|1 I r I n \ b " The 1-ord made the chestntit, then he made the worm to destroy it . AGE-HERALD TO PRINT LAWS OF ALABAMA AS SER VICE TO THE ST A TE Is Awarded Contract for Publishing State Laws to Be Enacte< By New Legislature—Bid for Contract Not Merely a Mon ' etary Consideration—Paper Anxious That Laws Be Presented to the People Through State’s Great est and Most Widely Read Medium ; STEE CORPORATION : COUNSEL DEFENDS ^ORGANIZATION Institution Is Law-Abiding and Beneficial to Business, Says R. V. Lindahury i - .[GOES INTO HISTORY OF IRON AND STEEL ) Conditions Imortnin Prior to Comin* J of Steel Corporation, Declares At torney—Denies Intent to Restrain Trade IHitlndelphla, October ‘.’I,—That the i I 'niteil State* Steel corporation In a , >nvvnbiding Institution, whoae orgrin ! l/otlon bad bad n beneficial effect on business nai the argument of conuael for flic corporatkin today In the fed eral government'* dissolution ault. Richard V. Lindabury of Newark. N. J., spoke for live hour* in defense of the corporation, after Jacob M. Dickinson, < Idof counsel for the government, had concluded his opening uddrgfiH. Mr. Dick inson .went into the question of interlock ing directors. Me said thut directors of the Steel corporation at various timet; were director* of railroud companies which controlled about half the mileage in the United Htates and guve instil nee jjj where Steel directors Hitting rh railroad director* had an apparent inlluencc in •> steering business in the direction of the 1 Hteel corporation. History of Industry Mr. Lindahury went into the history of the iron and steel industry exhaustively, giv ing a picture of the uncertain condi tions in the busl^eH* before the coming of tile Hteel corporation. He contended that the furinutlon of the corporation la New Jersey in UM)l was a natural develop ment und that there was no thought of monopoly or of restraining trad*-. There was no thought in the mind of Andrew ('urnegie when he sold hi* Inter est In the Carnegie company to the new corporation that a monopoly was to be created, Mr,' Lindubury said. Mr. Far- % negle’s offer to sell his Interest,” counsel added, “was no based upon .1 desire to added, “whs nut based upon a desire to retire from business and devote his life .. <s| and means to philanthropic purposes. ’ Mr. Lir.dabui s slated Unit the Hteel cor poration's proportion of the country's total production of iron and Hteel in 19tt when the suit whs begun was 50.1 per ' cent. "It cannot m reason be said,” added Mr. , \ Lindahury. that the combination of man ufacturing concern* w host* percentage of l»rddu< tion did not exceed oO.L per cent ,-4 ami whose acquisition of a raw material ! c!ld not approucii to u monopoly, necss *i,ril\ operated to restisln trade or 111 aud of itself amounted to a monopoly or an VS attempt ut monopolisation unless Intent is shown." Rifccuns Circumstances 1 .Mr. Lindahury discussed j stances which led up to the I of the Hteel corporation. He j was any intent to restrain trade pr mo fioyoliss the industry and argued that the merging of companies was dons to sav e the' concerns from going to piece*. He .said tha onlv thought of the promoter* was to have plant* that could take the law material and lay down the limshod product at home and abroad nt prltf— that could not be bettered by other fa cl preys. Humming up that part of Ids relating tp the actual corporation. Mr. Lindah Montgomery, October 21.— (Special.) Today the contract for publishing the laws of the state to he enacted by the h gislature during the next four years was awarded to The Age-Herald by Cy rus B. Brown, secretary of state. The law required Mr. Brown to award the contract to the lowest responsible bidder, and provided that he must be guided, too, by the circulation of^, the various newspapers entering bids. The hid of The Age-Herald was the lowest. The Age-Herald, in submitting its* bid. was not actuated by a desire to mako money out of the treasury of an Im poverished state. By submitting a bid remarkably for Its low figure, The Age Herald expressed a deafre to publish the laws of the state In the greatest news paper medium of the state at u merely nominal figure—-because, first, it regarded the laws of the state as a matter of nows of great news value, and secondly, be cause It wished to do the state a service of great profit to the state. NOT ACTUATED BY DEHIRE FOR PROFIT Accompanying the bid of The Age Iietald was the following letter: Birmingham, Ala., October 16, 1914. “Mi. Cyrus B. Brown, Secretary of State, Montgomery, Ala. “My Dear Sir: In response to your noti fication inviting a bid from The Age Herald for the 'publication of the state | laws to be enacted by the next legis lature, we present the following bid and reasons therefor: “In view of the recognition on the part of the people of the state of Alabama of The Age-Herald as the state's main news paper medium, and in view of the fact that we consider the publication of the state laws of Alabama largely a matter of news, we shall be glad to print these laws In attractive form, separated on sheets separate from news and advertis ing matter, in order that they may be preserved by lawyers and other interest- ] ed parties, at a cost merely sufficient to cover the white paper, Ink. composition end mailing. We figure that the nows i value of these articles will cover a I other expenses and. therefore, tender ou service to the state for the publication <» these laws at the rate of 20 cents pe square inch, or 14 agate lines. “We will thoroughly conform to thi lawr In regard to mulling paper to stub and county officials and shall be mor« than glud to servo the state in Uv proper publication iff these Iuwh at i minimum expense to the state. Your very truly, "AGE-HERALD PUBLISHING COM 1’ANY, "By E. W. BARRETT. President. ’ SECRETARY BROWN MAKES THE AWARD FORMALLY As soon as Mr. Brown had examinee the bids, he announced that he woulc award the contract to The Age-Herald. “if either of you who are repreu* nting rival newspapers ^jeslre to enter protest,'1 he added, "you may do so when the lime conieH for the governor and other offi cial* to pass on the contract now awarded and the bond will be made by The Age Herald." The representative of the Birmingham News, who was present, replied: "I have only this to say. I congratu late the state on having obtained Its ad vertising at an exceedingly low rate. The representative of the Birmingham Ledger, who was present, said: "l also congratulate the Btate. i wish. also, ti congratulate The Age-IIerald on Its spirit in making a bid on which it cannot make a profit." Mr. Brown, after the conclusion of ths business, suld: "The bid of The Age-Her ald was remarkable. It goes to prove what 1 have always contended, that news papers regard the newly enacted laws of the state as matter of news and news ol groat value. 1 wish to congratulate The Age-Herald: It has displayed a spirit here today which has never been demon strated before during my term of office “ The governor of Alabama In the after noon said: "The bid of The Age-Herald was remarkable. I am glad that a news paper has demonstrated a willingness to serve the state without financial proft." Among the official family of the tat» the generosity of The Age-Hera Id war hailed - with great satisfaction, arid the spirit of 'file Age-Herald, in making no effort to uelve its Angers Into the strong box of the state, was generally compli mented as being worthy of emulation by other papers less considerate. SERVIANS REPULSE AUSTRIAN ATTACKS Nish. October 21.— (Via London. 10:20 I*, m.)—The following official statement has been Issued by the Bervian govern ment: "On the night of October 17-18 attacks by the enemy Were repulsed near Los Idtsa, and the principal positions on the Drlna river south of thut town. The <sme night the enemy bombarded Ba riovla. Topchldeldko, the Bardo bridge across the Save, and the two Binganlia IMunds. None of these operations 'dipt with success. On October 18 fighting took place along our whole front in Bosnia. All attacks weK* repulsed with heavy losses to the enemy. "On the hume day the enemy directed ail attack against pur right wing and against Krainova. Both attempts were repulsed as t*el! as one.against the Ser vians near Belgrade. On the remainder of the front, there Is nothing of import ance to report." g. t CARDINAL MERCIER BACK AT MALINES The Hague. October 21.~(Vla London. ►:10 a. m.)—Cardinal Mer-^Ufr, arch* >is)top of Mallues. who took refuge in FIoJfAUd some weeks ago, has returned f bis native city. He has advised all Catholic refugees to follow his example, rhe Nleuwe Rotterdamscho Courant de clares that 20,000 Belgian refugees passed through Rouendaal on their way home ( luring the past two daya , $ .4 . -•**•' .}}. \ • .V > X.," * ■ A ■ ». t - <1*4* Approve Withdrawal of American Forces Washington, October II.—'The Mexican notional convention at Aguas Caltentea lino approved the arrangement mode by American Consul John ft. Stillman and (lei:oral Aguilar for withdrawing Amer ican forces -from Vera Crux. General Cnrranga la expected, to issue a manifesto giving personal guai*antee» to persons* Who have served the United States.