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r THE AGE-HERALD
E. W. BARRETT Editor | Entered at the Birmingham, Ala, ■ poslofflce as second class matter under act of Congress Marfch 3, 1879. Dally and Sunday Age-Herald • |8.00 Dally and Sunday per month ... .70 Datly and Sunday, three months 2.00 Weekly Age-Herald, per annum .50 Sunday Age-Herald . 2.00 ! A. J. Eaton. Jr., O. E. Young and W. H. Overby are the only authorized traveling representatives of The Age Htrald In its circulation department. No communication will be published without its author’s name. Rejected manuscript will not be returned unleaa stamps are enclosed for that purpose. Remittances can be made at current rate of exchange;. The Age-Herald will not be responsible for money sent through the mails. Address, THE AGE-HERALD. Birmingham, Ala. Washington bureau. 207 llibbs build ing. European bureau, 6 Henrietta street. Convent Garden, London. Eastern business office. Rooms 48 to 60, inclusive. Tribune building. New York city; Western business office. Tribune building, Chicago. The S. C. Beckwith Special Agency, agents for ' y elgti advertising. TELEPHONE Bell (private exchange connecting all departments). Main 4000. The heavens speed thee In thlae enter- j prise. —Jnllua Caesar. BEGINNING THE DAY—Re awaken my dreams, O Lord, ray God. Take me hark again to that early day when the world seemed «ll ready for me. when life was a fine, thrilling thing, when God was near and high ambition easy. Stir me again with the wonder of living nnd Having. Is Christ’! name. Amen. H. M. E. The Electric Light Yesterday was the thirty-fifth an niversary of the incandescent electric light. Comparatively young people can remember quite well the first in candescent bulbs which have almost universally supplanted oil lamps and the even more primitive candles. It meant a great deal to the world when Edison announced on October 21, 1881, that he had invented the incandescent electric lamp. Of course, improve ments have been made and even as late as 1912 the Mazda lamp was per fected. This is now considered the most perfect and also the cheapest form of electric lighting known. The first tungsten lamp was invented in 1906. The Mazda light combines a great increase in brilliancy with a re duction of cost. The tiny filament of the first incan descent bulb was made of bamboo. The tropics were searched for va rieties of bamboo best suited for this purpose. For eight years the lights were provided with these bamboo filaments. Then a squirted “cellulose’’ filament was used and at last “metal lized” filaments took their place. It was nearly 40 years ago that Edison began work on the electric lamp in his small laboratory at Menlo Park, N. J., and in his modest New York shops. He toiled with character istic energy on this problem, sparing neither himself nor his employes. Twenty hours was a day’s work. Edi son is said to have taken his meals while standing at his workbench and i to have slept on a roll top desk. Of course, he was studying other prob lems at the same time, but his discov ery of the incandescent light was tre mendously important. It is hard to imagine what the world would be today without electric light3. Practically every form of human ac tivity would be affected. The stu- 1 dent, the toiler, the traveler, the? busi- ‘ ness man, the theatrical magnate and : even the fighter would be seriojisly 1 handicapped. The world owes a great deal to Thomas A. Edison, but perhaps • none of his achievements has done 1 more for human progress than his dis- 1 covery of the electric lamp. ( —.r- ] Will Plant Less Cotton < The lower house of the Texas leg islature voted down by a vote of 54 to ( 12 the proposed measure to reduce cot- < ton acreage by law in that state. The t bill sought to make it a felony to j raise cotton in excess of a fixed per- t centage of this year’s crop. , Many absurd ideas in regard to cot- f ton have been advanced, but the propo- | sition to restrict acreage by law is not ( only absurd, but contrary to the spirit < of American liberty. Texas is to be i congratulated on having a legislature < that cannot we swept off its feet by hysteria or populistic arguments. | There should be considerable reduc- , tion of cotton acreage next year and j there probably will be, but whatever ] the farmers do in this respect must ; be voluntary. In past years when the price of cotton was low farmers’ or- j ganizations adopted resolutions urg- i Ing the members to plant less cotton, but when the planting season came 1 the acreage was increased rather than i decreased. The cotton situation at the I present time, however, has impressed i a- lesson upon the southern farmers < that will, it is believed, have good practical results. i Never have cotton growers realized io fully as now the importance of I * Top diversification. Every year there : s an increasing demand for food Tops, and the south can raise wheat, i oats, corn and hap at a fine profit. < a I There is a rich alfalfa belt extending from Mississippi across Alabama into Georgia. No state in the union can produce better alfalfa or more of it to the acre than Alabama. Com produc tion in this state has been increasing during the past five years. It has about doubled in Seven years. It is quite usual for farmers to raise 50 bushels to the acre, and the com crop as a whole averages as large a yield to the acre as is the case in many sections of the middle west; and what is true of Alabama is true in the main of the other cotton states. Crop diversification had a strong appeal to all progressive farmers last year. Many of the most successful tillers of the soil were enthusiastic over the results they obtained from the cultivation of com and oats and the raising of live stock. Of course, it would be only a guess as to how much cotton would be planted next year, but in view of present conditions, we will have the sirtallest crop of the past six years. Publisher of the Laws The*next legislature of Alabama promises to be one of the most im portant in the history of the state. The laws it enacts will be of supreme interest to every intelligent citizen and property holder. The Age-Herald—always first in news service—when invited by the secretary of state to bid for the pub lication of the legislative acts, decided that it should in justice to its readers print the acts even though it per formed this service to the state gratis. Therefore, it put in a bid so low as merely to cover the cost of white paper, ink and mailing expenses, which the secretary of state promptly grasped. The Age-Herald—always the leader —not only will furnish the people with the official laws in separate and at tractive form, but is performing a service to the state which will be ap preciated by the state officials and the people alike. The National Chamber of Commerce The visit of the Chamber of Com merce of the United States to Bir mingham next week will be an event, of more than ordinary interest and of far-reaching import. This body is composed of representative business men, and some of them are prominent, in New York and other great centers. The itinerary of this national or ganization embraces twenty southern cities. The visitors will not only have an opportunity of getting acquainted with leading business men of the south, but they will be able to observe at close range the south commercially at its best and make comparisons be tween various progressive cities. * Recognizing the importance of this tour the United States department of commerce has detailed three officials to accompany the chamber—American attaches at Buenos Aires, Paris and Berlin. These gbvemment officials are expert in observing com mercial conditions and in gathering data. The department will doubtless issue a bulletin covering the dis tinctive characteristics of the cities visited. Birmingham will come in for a large share of publicity. Fighting in North France Dispatches regarding the fighting in the north of France allowed to come through by the British censor in the last few days reveal some highly interesting details of the action now going on. It seems that the allied commanders came very near committing a serious blunder and that the general com manding the German right wfs guilty of again underestimating the defensive forces of the allies just as Von Kluck did in the dash for Paris. In attempting to get around the German right before the line of battle extended to the English channel and thus give the invaders protection the allied commanders overextended themselves and the Germans f6und a weak spot. They launched an attack from Lille that succeeded in breaking through and the raiders reached St. Omer, twenty-two miles southeast of Calais, the important French port, which was apparently the German objective. The allies then made herculean ef forts and closed the gap between the coast and Lille. The check of the raiders was accomplished when the half-trained British troops held firm at St. Omer while the Belgians along the Yser and the French at Arras fought gallantly and prevented Ger man reinforcements from moving up < to make good the ground gained. The German raid had failed and as in the i march on Paris there was nothing 1 for the Germans to do but retreat rapidly to their original position in order to avoid destruction. News of this fighting was not per mitted to come through the British censor until the danger of disaster to the English army had been averted. The fighting along the coast of France i> still progressing, but the Germans are working under increasing handi cap. The British fleet la aiding the land forces with its heavy guns and the latter are advancing slowly but steadily. After all, the fighting along the channel may be only a blind to more important operations elsewhere on the extended battle front. The Ger man general staff has announced that its objective in this move is to execute a turning movement and once more clear the way to Paris. When the general staff of a bel ligerent announces its plans in advance it is a pretty good indication that ex actly the opposite is intended. It would not be at all surprising if the coming week should develop heavy fighting on the left and right of the allied lines, either from a German of fensive or a similar move by Joffre. In East Prussia claims from the va rious capitals are so diametrically op posed that it is difficult to gain any comprehensive view of what has hap pened. On the face of dispatches last night it would appear that the Rus sians have succeeded in checking the advance on Warsaw and that they have never released their grip on the fortress of Przemysl. Palmer Stadium, Princeton's new $300,000 athletlo field, will be opened next Satur day, when Dartmouth and Princeton meet In the annual football game. The great concrete horseshoe was erected at record breaking spfed. Kxcavation was begun last spring and the contractors have fin ished their work much sooner than was expected. The stadium will seat 40,000 and will be used exclusively for football. Uni versity field will be reserved for baseball and track events. Formerly huge wooden grandstands were constructed each year for the ygle and Harvard games. The sum of $10,000, which was spent by the Princeton Athletic association^ for tills purpose, will be paid annually to the uni versity, according to an agreement made with tbe donor of Palmer Htadium. Princeton will now have a permanent football amphitheatre and one that In sures the safety of spectators. ^ount Zeppelin has announced that he will not accept any moro decorations rroin the Kaiser until his dirigibles have in vaded England. He could doubtless send one over any day If he’s willing to leave It there. The Stare and Stripes have become so much more popular since trouble In Eu rope started that Mr. George M. Cohan might be able to revive several of his musical pieces with great financial profit. Now that the baseball stars are In vau deville and football stars are getting Into the hospital as fast as they can, the pros pects for peace and quiet through the land after Thanksgiving are very bright. Despite the activity of the Germans and the allies, the "wets" and the “dry*” throughout this country are not permitting their attention to be diverted from what they consider to be the main ismie. Wisconsin seems to think that it has solved the problem of making the tango decent. But nobody believes for a mo ment that she has been able to cure her tango fiends. While the Uoek Island has acquired a reputation little to be commended, the New Haven will doubtles continue to be the "bad boy" among railroads. While somewhat late in declaring a moratorium, Nicaragua will no doubt be able to enjoy it to the fullest extent be fore the war scare is ended. You will notice that the Japs do a great many things these days for "strategical purposes." The Japs are recognlxed as a highly strategical nation. Although writers of copyrighted music may now collect royalties when it is played In public, there is no embargo on ragtime in the parlor. Ducks will be tried in lighting mos quitoes, but that sort of scheme looks to the man behind a mosquito bar like a forlorn hope. Holland is swamped by refugees and the sad part about it 1r that few of them are In a position to pay hotel bills. The Pankhursts, while resting on their arms, so to speak, are merely waiting for a chance to start trouble again. The cholera bacillus can be etudied best In times of peace, but In times of war it becomes most active. Thanks to the long range of modern naval guns, it is now possible for a fleet to light an army. \ * It the Filipinos don’t want their inde pendence something Is lacking in tnelr make-up. MIKE N'LIIKE SAYS From the Cincinnati Enquirer. It is none of my business. But a wid ower should not begin paying Install ments on an engagement ring until he has finished paying for his first wife's funeral. Matrimony has its faults. But it Is about the only thing that will cure a girl of giggling. Good clothes can make a girl look so classy that it jars a man when he hears her say “them things" and "have went." The man who tries to earn an honest living for his family and the man who minds his own business are both classed as undesirable cltlsens by Old Man Satan. The man who has to ask his wife for car fare every morning has no business voting against woman suffrage. The old-fashioned girl who used to go around the house with her hair done up in curl papers now has a daughter who pays HO for a permanent wave. An engaged girt knows that her fiancs is a man after her own heart. During ths honeymoon she thinks he is such a big man that she wonders how he manatee to move around. But about a year later she wonders why he carries a latch key when he could crawl through the keyhole. t When his wife is mad at him a smart man will not attempt to fight back. You can turn on a line of baby talk and tell her how good ehe look* and what a fine old girl she is and win her over and make her wonder how on earth she hap pened to get angry at you. A woman throws things into a waste basket A man throws things at It. J IN HOTEL LOBBIES * ’ * Talladega's Prosperity "Business conditions in and around the city of Talladega are quite satisfactory," said Curry Bowie, a successful dealer in real estate, who ls^jiow In Birmingham as a, guest of his brother, Sydney J. Bowie. e are n?t bothered about cotton. About 40,000 beles were produced in our county this year, and local mills will spin all of that and more. Talladega has a diversity of business Interests and all in all this will be one of our best years. M e not only have cause for optimism but the pessimist Is unknown in our com munity." Oranges in Mobile Section "The Satsuma orange is now being grown extensively In Mobile county and 111 Baldwin county,’’ said MaJ. W. F. Tobbetts of Mobile. "A few years ago J. H. Daves started with practically nothing. He planted a few Satsuma orange trees. Bast year he sold his crop for *20,000. A great many enterprising farmers have been setting out large orange groves during the past two or three years, and there is every prospect of big yields. "These Satsuma oranges are well adapt ed to our climate, and no crop could pay better. The very fact that the Satsuma orchardists have made a success of their business has had a buoyant effect on the entire Mobile community." Optimlatlu Heal Estate Men "That was a splendid meeting of our real estate exchange at the Tutwiler Tuesday night," said J. H. Heineke. "We all know that real estate In Bir mingham has good intrinsic valtA?, and that the level of values Is steadily ris ing. There Is hardly a foot of realty anywhere In Birmingham that will not have a higher selling value five years hence than It has today. In other words, real estate In this rapidly growing city will always be a good thing to hay. "There is as much optimism In real es tate circles aB in other business circles and when we gather In a body and listen to thoughtful and cheerful addresses, such us those delivered by Mr. J. H. Barr and Mr. Otto Marx, the spirit of optimism starts up afresh." Crowds Visit Armory "That the European war has stimulated the military spirit in this jountry is evidenced by the crowds that ars coming out to view our armory, arms and equip ment, said Maj. I,, s. Dorrence of the First Field artillery. "That we are equipped with the same armament as the regular army is a source of surprise to our many visitors. Our field guns are of the German Krupp type and have a range, of over four miles. The equip ment is valued at $175,000. "For the past few years the public gen erally seem to have lost Interest In the National Guard, but since the beginning ot the European war, there has been a decided change, and the Importance of tiie citizen soldier is being realized. The change has been brought about In my opinion by the fact that we are not near so self-supporting as we thought we were, and that no one can tell what the fu ture will bring forth. "The object of the National Guard has Hi ways been for defense and not offense and its importance to the safety and well being of the nation is being realized. We will be glad at all times to welcome visitors to our armory, which is located temporarily at 2212-18 Avenue B, and is open day and nigh* with a detail on duty who will take pleasure in showing the present fighting weapons of Uncle Sam.” Regarding Striking Resemblance "In reading of the death of Capt. Robert E. Lee, which occurred Mon day at the home of Mr. Hunter Du laney in Fauquier county, Virginia, I recalled the interesting coincidence that sons of the two great commanders ot the civil war bore a striking resemb lance to his father," Bald L. F. Sut ton of Washington, D. C. "I was a small boy when the war closed and never had the pleasure of seeing General Lee; but I knew his son Robert. From engravings and photo graphs I had seen of General Lee his son looked exactly like him and an old veteran who had fought in the Army of Northern Virginia told me that tile icsemblance was most remarkable. "Gen. Fred D. Grant, who died two pears ago, was the imago of his fath er. I had seen the elder Grant, but had never been in his Company. Those who knew both the father and the son told me that Fred not only looked and talked like his father, but had exactly tile same manner." A Blessing In Disguise "The present distressed cotton mar ket will in the end be a blessing to the south, for it will accentuate the Importance of crop diversification," laid P M. Chambers of Chicago. "I was raised on a farm in Illinois and every time I have vlBited the south I have jeen impressed with the boundless pos ilbillties ot this section. I made an ex ended trip through the south about 12 roars ago, and in Alabama and Mls lisslppi agriculture seemed backward. Five years later I pasaed through Ala ama on my way to Florida and in coking out of the car window I noticed marked improvement in the appearance if the farms. Today still greater im provement is easily observed. "There has been considerable diver iidcation of crops already, but there sill be more. Every crop that we raise n Illinois can be raised profitably in \labama and the south could grow rich m Its farm products outside of cotton. It Is a safe prediction that in throe >r four years from now the southern ’urn;er will be pointed to as the most lrcsperoue husbandman in the United itat.es.” STUCK, IN ASPHALT From the New York Sun. Two boys playing around asphaltum jarrels used in connection with the pav ing at the corner of Grand avenue and Koch street had an experience that they will not forget very soon. Donald Stanton, Eugene Divine and Robert Cooley were Jumping from one barrel to another, when the two former joys got Into the asphaltum and began to ■ink. At first it was slightly warm, as It had been left by the workmen, but It rot cooler, and their efforts to extricate hemselves were without avail. Robert Uooley, after trying in vain to help the joys out, went to the home of Donald's parents to report. Mr. Stanton happened :o be at home and went to the rescue of :he boyB, but could do nothing. Finally the foreman in charge of the laving was summoned, and with five men working about half an hour chopping with ixes he succeeded in getting the asphalt im off so the boys could be drawn out. rhe boys seemed to be pretty well tired >ut, but otherwise were not apparently vurt In any way. 1 T " London Cable to the Philadelphia Pub lic Ledger: Bo acute has the aggression against German hotel restaurant employes become that every waiter nowadays is subjected to a close scrutiny by London diners. In a fashionable West End res taurant at the dinner hour recently a ter ritorial officer suddenly arose and an nounced indignantly that he would not submit to be served by an alien enemy. The manager of the establishment hurried forward apologetically and forthwith die* charged the offending servitor, who vainly protested that he was a naturalized Brit ish subject. It was found, however, that he carried papers showing that he had registered with the police as a German, and his knowledge of English was ex tremely scant Owing to the newpsapers’ campaign against the retention of Great Britain's enemies as hotel servants, the big hotels, with few exceptions, have rid themselves of every German and Austrian employe, but the restaurants of a less ostentatious character still permit the Kaiser's sub jects to draw wages. It is even reported that representations have bee* made to the home office as to whether the paying for services to hostile enemies does not come under the head of lending aid and succor to the enemy, and whether the managers of hostelries who persist in re taining Germans and Austrians on their pay rolls cannot be prosecuted under that statute. London Cable to the New York Tribune: The Petrograd correspondent of he Daily Dally Chronicle says: “It is difficult to summarize the crowded events of the last few days, during which I have traveled about In the rear of the main Russo-German fighting line. "The first stage of the gigantic battle that began last week is being fought out in Poland, and the German-Austrlan ad vance has been met by the determined im pact of a strong Russian force. "All that can be said fop the present is that while tills is regarded as the most serious moment of the campaign the gen eral outlook is most hopeful for the Rus sians. At several important points the Germans have been compelled to retire. "My chief impression formed on-my trip is that of the extraordinary fine quality of the Russian soldier. During the last few days I have seen thousands of sol diers and spoken to scores of them, t have seen them in various circumstances. I have seen Cossack patrols in warm, hooded overcoats cantering through for ests in the twilight or at early dawn. I have seen Cossacks in camp, smoking around their bivouac fires, and have come across long military trains at wayside sta tions, where the soldiers stretched their legs after almost Interminable journeys, and where they bought broad and cigar ettes and asked for the latest news of the war. "One cannot help being struck by the fine physique and hearty, open manner of the soldiers. They are cheerful when marching through the streets of a town, when strolling along In charge of trans ports, munching turnips within sound of the cannonade, and even cheerful when suffering from wounds. Such magnificent soldiers as these deserve to win. Milwaukee Dispatch to the New York Herald: Wisconsin Is sharing to an un usually large degree in business from sources representing the allied armies In Europe. One Milwaukee packing company shipped to Canada the last week BO car loads of fresh beef. The British government has contracted for the entire surplus of shoe leather of the Badger State Tanning company, of [ Sheboygan. As the company will con tinue to supply its regular customer*, I the plant is working IS hours a day. Ship ments applying on the British order are being made every morning. The con tract is said to be the largest single order ever given a tannery in the United States. Greece has placed an order for 30,000 sets of harness and another order for flu,ooo Bets of harness is being negotiated with Holland. Milwaukee tanneries will benefit by these orders. The Bradley Knitting company of Del avan, has closed a 11,000,000 contract to supply one of the warring nations with sweater coats. This also is said to be one of the largest orders of Its kind ever re ceived. The Jerslld Knitting company of Neenah ha* an order for 16,000 sweaters to be used by the British army. Representatives of the French army are carrying on negotiations for the purenase of 5000 Wisconsin horse*. PRESS POINTS Poetic Jag* From the Atlanta Constitution. The usual "brown October ale" still fig ures in the reeling lines of autumn poets who are not rich enough to ring for It. A No-Llmit Gama From the Houston Post. Portugal ha* an army of 10,000 men and Is getting ready to call for a hand in the big game. Just strong enough to get one check. Something to Spend, Uhl From the Nashville Banner. The wounded Austrian count who tele graphed a1 wealthy Chicago girl to send him something to remind him of her didn't allow his pain to cause him to overlook the principal liaue. Can Fear the Worst From the Chattanooga Times. Fortunately or unfortunately, Calais has no "impregnable fortress" to be taken with an umnerry "ha! ha!" Mode a Song Popular From the M'. Louis Republic. Canadian troops landing In England woke the echoes by singing "There’ll Be a Hot Time in the Old Town Tonight," thereby showing that the Spantsh-Amer ican war did something else than free Cuba. He's a Close Observer From the Pittsburg Post. Borne patriot in New York asserts that P. is a desecration of the flag to have a vaudeville dancer wrap It around her. He ought to stay away from such dese crating places. WAR v By Thomas Carlyle. What Is the net purpose and upshot of war? To my own knowledge, for exam ple, there dwell Mid toll, In the British vil lage of Dumdrudge. usually some 500 sculs. From these by certain "natural enemies" of the French, there are suc cessfully selected, during the French war, say 30 able-bodied men. Dumdrudge. at her own expense, has Buckled and nursed them, she has, not without difficulty and even sorrow, fed them up to manhood, and even trained them tb crafts, so that one can weave, another build, another hammer, and the weakest can stand under ADRIFT WITH THE TIMES r 1 * ' -• - ■/ those war correspondents. A crowd of bold newspaper men "Went sailing 'cross the main; The censors shouted ’ Halt!" and then I hey came back home again. OBLIGING. ‘The man at tfie voting booth said Miss, state your age, please." "Yes, Felice?" "So I misstated It." PAINFUL REMINDER. "Did you bring back any souvenirs of the war in Europe?" "Oh, yes.” A piece of shell, maybe?" "No, a case of acute indigestion caused by missing so many meals while I was trying to get out." A SAFE PLACE. If Zeppelins should come this way, T wouldn’t start to pine; I'd Just forego the light of day And dodge into a mine. PLEASURES OF TRAVEL. “I always like to look about me when I travel." "So do I. By looking about me on a Pullman recently I got acquainted with a man who had a quart of very excellent whisky." A HERO. The bravest man I’ve lately met, Although up to His chin in debt, And fearful that His store might fail, Went out this morn And bought a bale. EXTREMELY THIN. "I met Slimwit on the street yesterday and he told me he was enveloped in a veil of thought." "JU8t SO." "But compared to a veil of Slimwit’s thought, the veil a Salome dancer uses Is as thick and tough as steel armor plate." A REFORMER, ■ "Twobble is noted for his passlonaA^fl ’striving after perfecfipni’’' X must gay that's a commendable ||§ trait.” fl "In some cases, yes. but Twobble spend! H all his time trying to achieve It in othet* H people." ■ A RELAPSE. i ! ".Doctor, you'll have to take me out ol this room." "What's wrong with It?" / "The pattern of the wallpaper annoy! me.'* "Nonsense. The walls are tinted a quiet, restful color.” ' "But, doctor, I can see vine tendrils al) over these walls, and Just now I imagined that a llsard was peeping out at me.” "Umph! What you need is another hy» podermlc.” UNNERVED COMPLETELY. , "Beef eaters usually have steady nerves, do they not?" ; "I’ve always thought so, until fear oi a Zeppelin raid doused the lights of Lon* don.'' WHY WORRY? "What Is an optimist?" is a questiortr often asked. Some people say lie is a man who tries to make the best of a bad bar gain. others say he smokes two-for-a nickel cigars, still others declare he is the sort of Individual who sincerely cele-j brates the arrival of twins at his house and forgets about the mortgage on it The definitions may be continued through all tlie ills that flesh is heir to, but out idea of an optimist who is particularly worth imitating Just now is the man who refuses to get panic-stricken because there is a war In Europe, who resolutely de clines to talk hard times, pays his bill! as quickly as he can and every time he turns loose a dollar does not look at it as if he never expected to see it again. PAUL COOK. _ 4 IN ALABAMA SANCTUMS I Quick Changes Made From the Jacksonville Record. How would you like to have the job making the new map for Europe? About the time you surveyed a new line, the warriors would go to work and tear the whole thing up again. It is about like doing a masterpiece of art work on a slate and leaving it out in the rain. VII1ovm Kisses and Soldiers From the Montgomery Advertiser. At the Aguascalientas convention Villa thrilled the delegates by taking oath that he was patriotic, and proving the same by kissing the Mexican flag, and embrac ing General Obregon. He pledged himself to abide the action of the convention. This fact was brought out in the dis patches of Monday. On Tuesday the As sociated Press announces that Villa has surrounded the convention city with 18,000 i trusty soldiers, putting them in such po sition that he can envelop the city and imprison the entire conference if he so desires. Villa has shown us a new way to run a convention and get what he wants. We still believe the primary is superior to the convention. , Wilson Policies Popular From the Gadsden Times-News. Press dispatches advise us that Con gressman Burnett will came to Gadsden this week to defend the President’s poli cies. We will be very glad to see Mr. Burnett and welcome him to Gadsden, and we freely admit that if Mr. Wilson’s pol icies need defending no one could do the job more ably than Mr. Burnett. But the policies of the present administration need no defense. On the contrary It is Reserving to all the praise we may be stow upon it, and the thinking men of the nation are glad to have a man of Mr. Wilson s faithfulness, conservatism and latlence at the head of the government. No, Mr. Wilson needs no defense, but we shall be glad to see Mr. Burnett, and we shall also be glad to send him back o Washington, where he may continue to jarry out the commendable policies of the President. Opp Brand of Solace From the Opp Messenger. "It is said that the stuff that made Milwaukee famous Is very scarce in Opr low, but they’re Belling cane juice put ip in 'dead soldiers’ at 5 cents a bottle. Phis brings back fond memories of the oyfut past, but the beverage that is be ng dispensed now Is nectar fit for tbf rods and only a few are worrying." Ki-stone avoirdupois. Nevertheless, amid uuch weeping and swearing, they arc se eded, all dressed In red, and shipped iway at the public charges, some HOT miles, or say only to the south of Spain, md fed there till wanted. And now to :hat same Bpot, in the south of Spain, are 10 similar French artisans, from a French Dumdrudge, In like manner wending; .111 it length, after Infinite effort, tho two parties corns Into actual Juxtaposition, and ID stand fronting 30, each with a gun in his hand. Straightway the word "Firs!" Is given, >nd they fclow the souls oul of one an other; and In place of 60 brisk, useful :raltsmen, the world has 60 dead i ar ises, which it must bury, and anew shed :eurs for. Had these men any quarrel? Busy as the levil Is, not the smallest! They lived far snough apart, were the entlrest etrangers; say, In so wide a universe there were ?ven, unconsciously, by commerce, some mutual helpfulness between them. How then7 Simpleton! Their governors had fallen out ,and Instead of shooting one another, had the cunning to make these poor blackheads shoot. Alas, so is it in Deutschland, and hitherto In all other nds. PROUD OF HIMSELF From the New York Times. A minister was recounting some or his amusing experiences In marrying peo ple. “There’s an old custom," said be, “that the bridegroom shall kiss the bride immediately after the marriage ceremony is over. It’s a good, practical custom, tor It servys more handily than anything rise that. I know of to dissipate the awk ward pause that almost always follows a pimple, Informal ceremony. For this reg ion I keep, the custom alive. “One day a man whom I shall call Smith came to the parsonage to be mar ried. Mr. Smith Was a pompous, con Able Jurist Presides From the Montgomery Times. Judge Richard W. Walker is a born Jurist, and it comes natural to him to pre- 4 side over a high court. As presiding Judge of the United States court of appeals, now in session in this city, he bears the honors gracefully and dispatches busi ness with the ease and promptness of a veteran. The country and the state Is to be congratulated upon the wise and ap proprtate selection of Judge Walker ton the federal bench. Editor Smells Soiuethluit From the Troy Messenger. The United States finds a way to ex tend help to Wall street in times of dis tress; she has put out a helping hand to great storm sufferers in more than one section of the country; she has been very kind of distressed Americans In the Eu- | ropean war sons, all of which we com mend. However, the south has sent up as urgent a claim as ever went to Washing ton, and no possible way could be devised to help. We say that there is something " rotten in Denmark I 5 Kipling No Prophet From the Mobile Register. i Kipling, when the idea was prevalent that Russia was the country Great Brit ain had to fight, emitted some verses to show what a treacherous fellow the Rus sian bear is; but the affair did not turn out that way, for Russia now is Great j Britain's ally. Effort is made to tax Kip- ! ling with inconsistency, or at best with bad judgment, but an international Issue j cannot be made of It. Kipling is a poet, j not a statesman. Ob, Surely Not! From the Gadsden Journal. We re expecting the republicans and ‘ progressive campaign speakers of this section to blame the administration for the European war. Better Times Coming From the Selma Times. The outbreak lit Europe has worked un duly on the imaginations of some people. I.et us consign to the future these imag- i inary dangers and summon all of our powers us a great nation toward preserv ing and conserving harmonious relations with the rest of the world. When the aw ful carnage now going on in the old country shall come to an end, it is be lieved that there will go up a cry for peaoa ^ that will shake the foundations of every civilized nation, and the fatuity and folly of war as a method of settling interna tional difficulties will be seen by all. sequential little man. The prospective « Mrs. .Smith wag a line, winsome glrl.X After the ceremony Mr. Smith, In spite ol his pomposity, did not seem to know just what was the next thing to do, so, as Is my practice In such emergencies, 1 said: 'My dear sir, it is your privilege to salute the bride.' He turned around and, extending his hand formally, said/ ‘Mrs. Smith, 1 congratulate you.' " i an old acquaintance: ; From the Pittsburg Chronicle Telegraph. A Scotch minister and his servant who ! were coming home from a wedding began to consider the state into which their po tations at the wedding feast had left them. “Sandy," said the minister, “Just stop a minute here till I go ahead. Maybe 1 don't walk very steady and the good wife might remark something not juet right." 1 He walked ahead of the eervant for a abort distance and then aaked: "How le it? Am I walking straight?" ) "Oh, ay," -answered Sandy, thickly. j “ye're a' recht—but wlm’e tnon walking wl' ye?” YOUTH AND LOVB By R. L. Steveneon. To the heart of youth the world Is a high wayelde. Passing forever, he fares; and on either hand, Deep in the gardens golden pavllUoaa hide, Nestle In orchard bloom, and far on the level land Call him with lighted lamp at eventide. Thick ae the stars at night, when the moon is down -A Pleasures assail him. He to hla nobler fate Fares; and but waves a hand as ha passes on. j Cries but a wayside word to her at ths garden gate, Sings but a boyish stavs and his face la gone. , „.