Newspaper Page Text
THE BIRMINGHAM AGE HERALD
j— —■-. - —====-- .. M VOLUME XXXNIV BIRMINGHAM, ALABAMA. TUESDAY, NOVEMBER .1, 1014 10 RAGES NUMBER 181 "national elections WILL BE FIELD TODAY NOT SEEK A SECOND ' TERM ASPRESIDEN1 Special Session of Congress Also Dependant Upon Elections’ Outcome Is Be lief at Washington F REPUBLICANS GAIN A MAJORITY WILSON WON’T RUN Shrinkage of Democratic Power May Mean Extra Session—Democratic Vic ^ tory Will Give Congress a Rest fair rat for voting ♦ — * 4 Washington, November 2. 4 4 Fair skies and moderate tern- 4 • peratures over the entire coun- • 4 try except five lake stations 4 4 and portions of Montana and * 4 Texas was the election day 4 4 weather forecast announced to- 4 * 4 night by government observers. 4 4 In western Texas unsettled con- 4 4 ditlons with occasional rains 4 I 4 were indicated. In most of the 4 4 country conditions “Just right 4 ' 4 for getting out the vote’’ were 4 4 promised. Even in the unlucky 4 4 lake states the forecasters held 4 4 out a ray of hope. 4 4 Early in the evening ideal 4 4 weather for election was indi- 4 4 cated, and that was confirmed • 4 as messages ticked in. telling 4 4 of general conditions through- 4 | ♦ out the country. » Washington. November 2.—(Spe cial.)—On the outcome of tomorrow's N national election throughout the land hang twjj important points: the can didacy of President Wilson for a sec . and t«rm and the calling of u special L .'fission of Congress this month. Such |\ was a disclosure made today by men “on the inside’’ in democratic politics. Should the republicans by any chanct overturn the present democratic major ity and obtain control of Congress, II is understood that the President’s friends will not press hls renomination. Con tinuance of a democratic majority ol even half a hundred in the House will .be taken as endorsement In “ungrudging measure,” and a campaign for a second term for Wilson soon will be set undei ' MAY SUMMON * SPECIAL SESSION On the same line shrinkage of the dem ocratic majority to a small margin in the House will lead the President to summon Congress in special session this month sc that all hls leading policies may be enacted into laws beyond peradventure ol defeat by the next Congress. Should any thing of importance be left on the slate by March 4. With a good working ma jority assured, however, Congress will L | be allowed to rest till December. ■V President Wilson tonight was serenely r* confident over the outcome tomorrow and ,is not worried about either the Seventh district of* Alabama or the Third district of Louisiana, both of which, he l'eels sure, will give more than satisfactory democratic majorities. C. E. S , SPAIN Will HELP j> BELGIANjUFFERERS London, November '.’.—The Spanish gov ernment has Instituted a Belgian relief fund in Spain to be administered by the London committee. Other governments have signified all intention to concentrate the food relief for Belgium in the neu i t;al committee. | The commission today received the fol lowing statement from Brand Whitlock, American minister at Brussels: "Tile civil population of Belgium faces starvation. Within two weeks there will tie no food in Belgium. Winter Is coming 1 and thousands are without homes or hope. It Is liecesskry to expand relief ■dork to the whole of Belgium. We have obtained from the German military au thorities assurances that foodstuffs taken into Belgium by the commission for the civil population will be respected by the soldiery an l not made the object of mil itary requisition. fi Jf "Not money, but food. Is needed. If ineans can be found to call the attention lot the American people to the plight of I tin Belgians. I am sure they will send succor and relief. It seems to me to be a work of mercy that will touch the hearts of those brought to understand. Tt will give our people In the United States an opportunity to serve nobly in * a high cause." TURKEY MUST 00 MORETHANMAKE APOLOGY TO KEEP OUT OF THE WAR Believed Entente Will Insist Entire Turkish Fleet Be Put Out of Commission Until War Is Over j DEMOBILIZATION OF TURKISH ARMY MAY ALSO BE DEMANDED The Porte Agrees to Make Reparation for Damage Done by Her Fleet, But Refuses to Dismiss Ger man Officers London, November 2.—(10:25 p. m.) j The grand vizier of Turkey has apolo gized on behalf of his government for (he warlike operations of the Turk ish flpet under (ierman commanders in the Black sea, but it was stated authoritatively tonight that the Porte will have to go much farther than this before the powers of the triple entente will agree to resume friendly relations with the Ottoman govern ment. It was disclosed In a statement issued by the French government that Turkey, in reply to a note presented by Russia, France and England on Friday last, agreed to recall her fleet from the Black sea, but refused to dismiss the German officers from her ships, and that as it was believed she should not maintain a passive attitude without doing tills, the ambassadors of the entente powers de manded their passports and left Turkey. There Is every reason to believe that despite the apology of the grand vizier, which it is understood comes from the peace party in the Turkish ycbinel, and may not be adhered to by Enver Paslm. the minister of war, and his Young Turk followers. France. Russia and Great Bril not only will demand reparation for operations of the Turkish fleet In the Black sea, but will Insist that Turkey’s entire fleet, or at any rate the cruisers Goeben. Breslau and Hamidleh be put out of commission until after the war, Tur key's security being guaranteed in the meantime. This would give Russia such superiority in the Black sea I hat there would be no danger of Turkish raids. It Is suggested also that demobilization of the Turkish army would be demanded, which would mean that those troops which have crossed the Egyptian frontier must be withdrawn. However, as to the terms of Turkey's apology, apparently was made In Lon don, have not been published and must bo considered by the entente pow-ers before the apology is accepted or re fused, there seems to be a long way to go before diplomatic relations be tween the Ottoman government and the allies can be resumed. An added difficulty Is that the ambassadors of the powers have left Constantinople, which will make II troublesome to as certain whether the whole Turkish cabinet concurs lb any agreement reached. Steamer Seized Meanwhile a report comes from Con stantinople of the. seizure of another Russian Steamer and also that Bulgaria, which had been asked to choose the side on which site would fight, had commenced to mobilize her second line troops. The Germans continue to strike hard blows at allies' lines in their endeavor, to get through to the coast. Thus far they have found every road blocked but apparently disregarding losses they continue to attack. Floods, the Belgian army and the British fleet having barred their way soulhwestward along the coast the Germans are now striking on a line stretching from Ypres. in Belgium to I-aBasse, farther south In France, but seemingly with no more success. The stubbornness of the fighting along this line may be gathered from the fact that the totvn of Messlnes, which tho Germans now occupy, has been taken and retaken no less than four times slnc& last Saturday, each time with enormous losses In killed and wounded. Attacks also have been made along the entire battlefront as far east as the Vosges, but according to the French report with the Germans hav ing no more success than in the north west. Making Last Efforts The belief Is growing here anti it also has been expressed by those re turning from Belgium that the Ger mans are making a last effort to get through to the roast and that if it falls they will fall back to positions prepared in central Belgium, Although the fighting is continuous tContlaiied on Pane Ten) GERMANS ARE DRIVEN BACK BY RUSSIANS IS REPORT Kaiser’s Troops Repulsed Near Vladizlavoff, Says Report From General Staff of Russian Commander-in-Chief—Con / tinue Offensive Beyond the Vistula I A - r ember 2.—The follow » the general ataff of ft mman<1er-in-ehlef was e tonight: ftp In Eastern Prussia our mined German attacks it Vladlzlavoff, driven the eastern edg;e of the t and advanced to the talgorod. — i “Beyond the Vistula our troops oon I tinuo the offensive without being op posed. Only In the region of Opatow the Austrians attempted to resist us with considerable force. They were re pulsed. Beyond the Opatow river the Austrians hold a .fortified position. “In Galicia on the San river our troops entered the village of Nisko, where fierce fighting took place. "On the rest of the front the sltua i tion la virtually unchanged." * ) 1.- ' ' • ' A ' < 21 OFFICIALS OF ARE INDICTED Indictments Charging Vio lation of Sherman Law Brought Against Di rectors of Road New York, November 2.—Within a few hours after the handing down today of federal grand Jury Indictments accusing 2u present or former directors and the former general counsel of the New' York, New’ Haven and Hartford railroad of criminal violation of the Sherman anti trust law', four defendants entered pleas of not guilty in federal court and were ieleased under bonds. It was reported tonight that several of those indicted would claim immunity on the ground that they appeared as witnesses In the interstate commerce commission's investi gation of the New Haven's affairs. The indictments today were the outcome of a grand jury inquiry whioh had been progressing for several weeks. Charles S. Mellen, former president of the Newr Haven and principal witness in this in quiry, was not indicted. Mellen’s name appears, however, in a list of officers and former directors mentioned “as con spirators." The late J. P. Morgan is named in this bill as one of the "con spirators." Bench warrants were issued for the ar rest of those indicted. George F. Baker, rated in recent years next to the ItUe Mr. Morgan as the leading financial power of Wall street; Lewis Case Led yard, one of the company’s best known attorneys, and Charles M. Pratt, a Stan dard Oil director, appeared personally in court to enter their pleas. George Mac Colloch Williams, who is 82 years old, was represented by his son. Their bail was fixed at $500C each. New York, November 2.—Criminal in dictments were returned today by the United States grand jury against 21 di rectors and former directors of the New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad company, including William Rockefeller, iheodore N. Vail, George F. Baker, Wll .iam Skinner, Charles F. Brooker and John L. Billard. The indictments charge conspiracy in violation of the Sherman antitrust law to monopolize commerce. Under section 2 ol the law, under which they were re turned, the maximum penalty upon con viction is one year's imprisonment and 16000 fine. The complete list of those indicted is as follow’s: W'illiam Rockefeller, George MacCulloch Miller, Charles F. Brooker, William Skinner, N. Newton Barney, Rob ert W. Taft, James S. Ellton, James 8. Hemingway, Lewis Cass Ledyard, Freder ick F. Brewster, Henry K. McHarg, Ed ward D. Robbins, former general counsel of the load; Alexander Cochrane, John L. Billard, George F. Baker, Thomas DeWitt Cu.vler, Theodore N. Vail, Edward Milli gan and Francis T. Maywell. Bench warrants were issued for the 21 men named in the indictments upon,re quest of the district attorney. Several, it was understood were to be brought into court to answer the indictments this aft ernoon. The amount of bail was fixed at 16000 each by Federal Judge Foster. \ Of the 21 men indicted, only live now are on the New Haven directorate. They are T. DeWitt Cuyler, Henry K. McHarg, Edward MiLigan, F. F. Brewster and F. P. Maxwell. The 21 men are charged, in the lan guage of thl indictment, as follows: “With having combined and conspired together with numerous other person^ to monopolize commerce, consisting in the transportation business." The ind.ctment enumerates a large num ber of corporations, approximately 1G, whose business, tt is charged, was to be (CmUsbM Pag* Twa) GUTIERREZ NAMED TO SUCCEED CARRANZA United States Keenly Interested in Choice of Ag-uas Calientes Conference for Provisional President of Mexico, But Make No Comment—Carranza’s Attitude Matter of Doubt Washington, November 2.—Government officials were keenly interested to day in the announcement that Eulalio Gutierrez had been chosen provisional 'president of Mexico by the Aguas Calientes convention, but made no comment. ! pends uj*w tl*c agreement of all factions on the provisional president selected. The evacuation of Vera Cruz, a note to the Carranza government from the state de partment reiterated, will he carried out as soon as the central government gives guarantees that Mexicans who served the United States during the American oc cupation art protected and that customs piiriir PAY EXPENSES OF RESERVE BANKS Levy of Four-Tenths of One Per Cent Against Banks Announced by Secre tary Willis Washington, November 2.—The federal reserve board today announced a plan to' remedy a slight defect in the newr cur- j rency act and to provide for payments of ; its members’ salaries. Through Secretary Willis it announced a levy of four-tenths of 1 per cent against the federal reserve tanks for the purpose of defraying ex penses for the first half year of its exist ence. The law gave the organization commis sion which preceded the board in prelimi nary work $100,000 to spend, but Congress did not contemplate then that the banks would not be In opeatlon for nearly 11 months after its passage. The expenses of the hoard and its assistants are by law to be paid by the banks, and officials hoped that they would he In operation long before salary checks were needed here. The $100,000 has been spent, however, and the levy was found to be necessary. Secretary Willis announced that the ex pense Includes an estimated charge of $200,000 for dies and the preparation of federal reserve notes. This item in the future is expected to he much smaller. The actual cost of maintaining the board lias not been finally estimated. Reserve banks kr$ to pay one-third of the assessment immediately, a third with in 30 days, and the rest within 00 days. The basis, used for the levy is the capital stock allotted to the applying member banks at Its face value, or about $110,000. JAREOFWGGIS New York, November 2.—Jared Flags, accused of making fraudulent use of the mails In promoting stock speculation sales, was found guilty by a jury In the United States district court hero tonight. •There were seven counts In the Indict ment and Flagg was convicted on six. He was acquitted on the seventh. Flugg was the first to be tried of several de fendants, Including Daniel K. Morgan, former treasurer of the United States. »nu him n ii i I’rt l IHACS Will nUl 111* reiinpoaed. Tile \guas FallentfS convention )1a« j,p. proved the American demands, but Gen eral Carranza has hesitated lo Issue u proclamation carrying the required as pnra noes. While Carranza's attitude toward the convention’s order was a matter of doubt, officials here were still confident that c'.vll war would be averted and a com | promise effected. iswiiF INITIAL BATTLE Amsterdam Report Saysj Battle Is in Progress Near Trebizond—Turks Sink Own Ship AniMterdani, November 3.—-(Via Lon don, 7il2 p. m.(—A i oiiNtnntlnople dis patch nii.vn: “According to reliable new* an i Anglo-French fleet1 yesterday entered I Tobcme Bay, A*l« Minor, 441 mile* went ! of Smyrna« where the anmll Turklnh I gunboat Kernk Bela and the Turklnh 1 steamer Kuiilll-Adda were anchored, j The (^mmander of the Turklnh gunboat aank the nteamer and blew up hi* own ve**el to prevent their capture by the allied fleet.** Vienna, November 2.—(Ala Amster dam to London, November 3, liJ3 a. m. i The following official annouueement wan made public here todayt “On the Ru«*lun-Turkl»ti frontier near Trebl%<»nd battle* have com- I rnenced between Hunalaii and TurklMli tr»op*. "The battles in Russian Poland con tinue. On the River San thd Russian* have suffered heavy losses, especially near Roajadow. We raptured 100 pris oners and three machine guns. "South of the Stary-Samhor lino we also captured 400 prisoners. We have progressed here and northeast of Turka.” London, November J.—(l:2o a. nt.) A Petrograd dispatch says the prefecc of police hah Issued an order expelling from the country within a week ull Turkish subjects. ALASKA TO ELECT A CONGRESSMAN .- . i Junea, Alaska, November 2.—Alaska will elect a delegate to Congress and members of the territorial legislature tomorrow. Women will vote here for the first time. James Wiekersharn, elected to Con gress two years ago as a progressive, is an Independent oandiate for Congress and Is opposed by Charles Bunnell, democrat, and John II. Brooks, social ist. Phillies to Train in Florida St. Petersburg, Fla., November 2. The Philadelphia National league flub will do ita 1915 spring training here. A contract for the grounds to be uaert was received today. The St. Liquid* Americana trained here laat apring. TURKEY APOLOGIZES TO GREAT BRITAIN FOR RECENT EVENTS England Delays Activities Awaiting Eleventh Hour Amends From the Porte—Text of Apology Not Given Out—English Papers Believe Situa tion is Beyond Repair. Constantinople. November 2.—(Via Amsterdam and London, 11:50 p. m.) The Servian minister will leave Constantinople tonight or tomorrow. i.omion, i\o\ emuer 2. p. m.)—a Central News dispatch from Bordeaux says: “The French government has issued a statement saying that the Turkish government, in reply to a note of the triple entente powers, confined itself to proposing the recall m' Turkish war ships in the Dardanelles and expressed a deHfre to remain nt peace with Russia, France and Germany. But in default ot the dismissal of German officers in thr Ottoman service the governments of the ABE LESS VIOLENT; NO CHANCE IN WEST Germans Claim Slight Prog ress, While French Report Attacks Against Allies Are Repulsed Berlin. November 2.— )\ In London, BiBB |». in.)—German arni> Headquar ter* IftMiicd the following today t “In our nttfiek* on \ pro* further ground ha* been gained and wve have occupied >1 e*slne*. “In the fighting In the \rgonnen sue ee*Mful forward movement* have been made. The enemy ha* *nffered severe losses. “In the eastern theatre the situation I* unchanged. Husslan attempt* to break through near Tnet tkeliincu failed." German Attacks Fail Amsterdam, November 2.—(Via London, i.*5 p. in.)—1The il.imkdsWtld’s BUris cor respondent, telegraphs as follows: "All German attempts to break through th» allies’ line bet ween Nh uport ami DIxmude have failed. In spite of th< greatest sacrifices the Germans have not gained ground on the other bank, of the canal. "UominunlcatJoii with Ostend is almost completely Interrupted. ^Permits to leave Bruges are given no longer, but train curs urc running. "German soldiers, * tired of the war, continue to cross the frontier near Hluie in large numbers. They deolm* that It is no longer a question of battle but of butchering." French Claim Progress Washington, November 2.—Foreign of fice dispatches to the French ambassador supplement today’s offlelul bulletin with this reference to offensive movements in the region of Soualn: "We have continued to make progress in the region of Houuiu, where our at tacks have carried us almost wit bin con tact of barbed wire entanglements of the enemy's trenches. There has In en sim ilar progress In the woods of Lepretrc, west of Pont-a-MouRSon." AtlackN Less Violent l aris, November 2.— (11:15 p. m.)—The following official communication was is sued by thr French war office tonight: "Between tin- North sea and the Oise toda> Gorman attacks have been less vio lent than yesterday. "In Belgium we have progressed at the south of DIxmude and at the south of (’lielavet and we have maintained all out other positions. "In the region of the Aisne a violent German offensive between Braye-en Lannols and Vallly has failed." Troops Interned Han Francisco, November 2.---The first troops of European nations to Interned In this country were tuken In charge here today by United .States marines when four men said to be deserters from the German gunboat TJelcr, undergoing repairs at Honolulu, arrlver on the Pa cific mall steamer Korea. The German seamen were taken aboard the United State* cruiser CUiveland and supposedly will be Interned in this coun try during the war. Belgian Statement Havre, November 2.—(Via London. 11:30 p. m.)—The following official Belgian report was Issued late today: "(>n the Yser front the enemy bn shown no activity. Their bombardment has been feeble. Several shells struck tlic town of Fumes. "German troops appear largely to have evacuated the left bank of the Yser. This morning a strong column marched from Mannekensvere toward St. Pieriv Capello, where large forces already are assembled. The flooding of the coun try continues. German prisoners report that mixed units of every description make up the forces fighting on tile Yser. The men complain of losses inflicted by th»* al (Gontinii?<i on Page Tern . 5 i * triple entente could not nope tnat Tur key would be able to maintain the pas sive attack which she offered to adept. “Tlie Ottoman government not having thought it its duty to give, .by dismiss ing the German officers, tn^ mark of sincerity to its Intentions which was requested, the ambassadors of France. Russia and Great Britain, in conformi ty with the instructions of their gov ernments. demanded their passports from the grand vizier and left Turkey. From the impressions received from Northern Africa it appears that the (Continued on Page Tea) Seek Neutral Diplomats Re warding Apology to Triple Entente—Believed to Be Too Late \\ nsblngton, November 2.—'Turkey's apology through the grand vInter “for recent events In the If luck sea,** an nounced today at London, was n sequel to event* which Amhnaandor Morgan t hau reported today In confidential cipher messages to the state depart ment. It was accepted here ns Indi cating clearly that conservative mem bers of the Ottoman enhlnet purpose to avert' war with the triple eutcute. j Mr. Morgunthnu cabled under date of 3 I*, m. Saturday that shortly after the Rus sian ambassador demanded his passports the Turkish minister of agriculture called on a certain nouvral diplomat and linked Utm to go to tho Russian envoy to ^cer tain if an apology by Turkey for the brim lardrrerit of Russian ports in tho Li ack mcji would be accepted utul would pacify Russia. Tho neutral diplomat saw tho ! Russian ambassador, who said that hlg ii si ructions to leave Constantinople warn absolute, but that when all German sail* “is, soldiers and officers were dismissed summarily from tho Turkish army and navy ami when he had been advised of i heir departure from Turkey he would i'turn und resume diplomatic relations with the Ottoman empire. Ask Regarding Apology Later in the uay tne Turkish minister of agriculture called on the same neutral diplomat to learn if an apoiogy would be accepted by the Russian government. The aim reply was made and the Russian, French und British Hiuoasudors lett at 1 i«. in. Saturday on a special arranged by the American ambassador. Although details ol tno Turkish apology i < ported from London had not reuened here, officials and diplomats conversant with the situation n»d not believe tne triple entente woiud bo satisfied with tho written apology unless accompanied by the dismissal ot Geiman oflneiH and suil • is and soldiers and perhaps the dismant ling of tho Goeben nnu tires lean, former German cruisers, now menacing com merce of the allies in the Black sea. The ministers of Jlnance, interior and agriculture are endeavoring to keep Tur j key ai peace with the entente, but the ministers of war und navy are suiu to j have strongly favored striking for Ger many. Takes ('are of Americans * The American ambassador is making ar 1 langements for panic-stricken Americana , to leave Turkey by special train to Greece, i The Italian ambassador is trying to se cure safe conduct for Russian subjects. From reports dispatched by Mr Mor 1 ganthau before cable communication with , Constantinople was severed lust riatur | day night und from the Turkish apology c ontinued on l*ag<* ien# TODAY’S AGE-HERALD 1 National elections today. Turkey apologizes for actions. Rattles In Belgium less violent. New Mexican provisional president se lected. 2— -( ’ailed * meeting of papers to discuss cotton plans. 3— Prudence behind steel corporation ac tion. 4— Editorial comment. C— Visitors’ optimism has good effect. General election in Alabama today. Ask $30,000 for Childress’ death. Health train to reach hero today i—Society. T Sport*. £—■ Markets. 1<— Public. library sole is robbed. NAVAL BATTLE REPORTED OFF FORELAND AT DOVER Believed British Torpedo Boat Destroyer Has Engaged German Submarine—Crews of Captured British Steamers Are Landed at Para, Brazil, is Report London. November 2.~(5:45 p. m.) Heavy firing: was heard off the foreland Fit Dover today. Twelve shells were fired In rapid succession. The concussion rat tled windows at Deal. A British torpedo boat destroyer could be seen outside Godwin Hands and it was surmised that the British ship had at tacked a German submarine knowii to bo in the channel. London, November 1—(S;4S p. in.j—A dispatch to Lloyds’ shipping agency from Para. Hraadl, says that the German steamer Asuncion has landed there the l a Mongers and crews of the British st.umcrs Vanyckc, llurstdale and cilan ton. which were captured by the German Cl uisec Karlsruhe In latitude 1 south, longitude hi west.