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MOORE SAYS WORK IS THE BEST SOLUTION OF THE
PROBLEMS WHICH HAVE CONFRONTED THE SOUTH Ily ELLIS C. HOLLUMS. SOUTH NEEDS A CO-OPERATIVE P • SPIRIT BETWEEN BUSINESS CONCERNS, DECLARES MOORE Hardware Man Says, “Let Us Call Of f All Conventions and Other Meetings For the Purpose of Bewailing Our Woes; Let Us Quit Talking and Go to Work”—Declares Business Is Good and Advises That Bills Be Promptly Paid | | * ’ T Declaring that the only need of the south at the present time is close, hearty co-operation be tween manufacturers, jobbers, banks, retail merchants and farmers, J. D. Moore, president of the Moore-Handley Hardware company, issued a statement dealing with conditions as they exist. Mr. Moore stressed the importance that less talk and more work wculd have a good moral ef fect on others as well as producing desired results financially. If Mr. Moore's statement follows: ‘‘Cotton is needed for clothing and other purposes as much as ever, and yet the price is only about half what it was a few months ago. No’one today knows what is a legitimate price for cotton, but we do know that all efforts to create an artificial price have failed. M’BRIOE'S ORDERS SHOW AN INCREASE Turner Electric Company Salesmen Find Business Very Good C. L. McBride, with the Turner Elec tric Supply cocmpany, said last week that business In his territory showed an increase over the past few weeks. Mr. McBride was very optimistic as to the future, and says that his cus tomers really appear to be trying to forget that the war or any other un toward influence exists. They are doing lots of work and very little talk, he says. "My orders continue to increase.” said Mr. McBride, “and the people in my territory are beginning to see the dawn of the era of prosperity that is bound to reach us as the channels of trade are opened towards the east. Money appears to be somewhat easier, and there has been a very decided drop in the number of calamity bowlers. In fact, I have not seen one this week.” The city salesmen for the Turner company say that if business locally was any better they would be afraid it would not last. Sales, they say, con- | tlnue to show an increase, and there ; seems to be a feeling of optimism per- j vading the tn\de. J. TV. Eagan said yesterday after noon that he had found trade all the week in an unusually good condition. Robert J. Badham and C. M. Burney both reported similarly. GEWINNER EXPECTS GREAT PROSPERITY IN NEAR FUTURE I Says Business Men Are Op timistic and That Trade Is Opening up More and More H. G. Gewinner, manager of the au tomobile accessories department of the Turner Electric Supply company, re turned last week from a short busi ness trip to Nashville, Knoxville, Chat tanooga and Memphis. Mr. Gewinner said that in the first three cities he did not find a merchant or a citizen who mentioned “hard times,” and only one man in Memphis who thought the times were hard. This man, he said, was on the way to an asylum for the insane and was irresponsible. “The times are not bad,” said Mr. Gewinner, “if I observed the signs cor rectly. I found it very easy to get orders and established two agencies while away. Everyone with whom I talked seemed very optimistic and said that business was very good. Of course, it is not by any means so good as it will be within the next three months, but at the present time mer chants are enjoying good business. “In the very near future the United States is going to be more prosperous than ever before in its history. There is no wray to dodge the issue. The country is bound to be prosperous and the people may as well prepare for it. Trade daily is opening up more more, money is becoming easier, the cotton situation is practically solved, and the federal reserve banks soon will be doing business. “There is no excuse for talk of hard times and as soon as business men cease tniiHner and get back to work pros- , perity will come. And all but two or I three are now working. When the oth- ' ers start the wheels of prosperity will begin to revolve at high speed.” department under the two systems will show approximately the following re sults: Two Systems Compared During the past four years the state leased out to the Pratt Consolidated Coal and Iron company, owners of Pratt and Banner mines, an average of 332 men, who operated the mines. The gross earnings for four years were .$905,898.87 Expenses . 398,124.69 Net earnings .$507,774.18 The average number of men leased to me a eu..vs»set! coal, li on and Rail road company for the previous four years was 450. I ihe receipts for their hire ! were .$823,853.46 Disbursements for mainten .... and salaries . 232,630.05 “We must not let our present dis tress tempt us to depart from the , rules of safe finance; and We must quit looking to the federal govern ment for aid. While appreciating 1 what our representatives at Washing ton have tried to do for us, we should wake up and realize that the problem f of the price of cotton and the relief of growers cannot be worked out by special laws, as these would violate the principles of sound legislation and create a precedent which' would give us great trouble in the future. "Our difficulties will continue until lhe law of supply and demand establishes a fair price for cotton. In the meantime, what can be done? The answer is much, but wc must do it ourselves. How? "First, by using every effort to prevent the fatal mistake of planting a large crop of cotton next year. We have cotton enough to last two years, under present adverse conditions, and a crop of oven normal size in 1915 would not only depre ciate the price of the cotton we now have In hand, but prevent the new crop fiom selling for anything like the cost of pro duction. "Indisputable evidence of greatlv re duced acreage in cotton is the only thing which will stiffen the price of the pres •' = ent crop. The farmers should sow all the land they can In oats, wheat and similar ciops this fall and not wait until next spring to do so. The government crop reports will be watched closely by cotton buyers and every acre planted now in other crops will have a telling effect on the price. “Now, as to business: There will always he a demand for goods. People will go on living, working and consuming, no matter what happens, but now is the time to watch your business closely anu to practice economy in conducting it. “Your credit is your best asset—keep il up. Collect from those who owe you anil pay those whom you owe. You may not h * able to do all this at once, but collect as fast as you * an u^d pay as fast as you can. This will keep money circulating. When you are out of debt you- will scarcely know that the European war is going on, and it will be thus with your < ustomers when they discharge their obli gations. All of us must make some ^acri lice at this time, but credit is the one tiling which cannot be sacrificed. No greater opportunity will you ever have to build up your credit. Do it. "The cotton situation is improved by The announcement that the federal reserve beard has approved a plan for the banks of this country to subscribe $135,000,000 to be loaned on cotton at G per cent, and that the administration of the fund when raised will be tinder the direction of a cotton loan committee, of which W. P. G. Herding is chairman. The announcements that tlie banks in the federal reserve sys tem will be ready for business November 1G also strengthens the situation, and ox ports of cotton have increased already as the result of the declaration by England that cotton will not be considered a con traband of war. "Talk about the south being bankrupt ■8 bosh! renditions we are meeting to day are temporary. With our land, cur climate and our men. nothing can check the growth and prosperity of the south. "The need is for close, hearty co-opera tion by banks, manufacturers, jobbers, re t ill merchants and farmers v. • i doing his part courageously and faith fully, all will be well. "Honest industry and cheerfulness never fail to make things better. iTet us cil! off all conventions and any further meetings for the purpose of bewailing our *voes. Let us quit talking and go to work!” AL/ABAJWAIS I'Klini FROM CONVICTS FOR YEAR IS $316,583.43 iron finned from Page Oir) convicts during that period, all accounts due the department and the cash value of all the personal property of the de partment. The disbursements during that period were $2,269,072.16, making a net profit for the four years of $1,706,695.87. The total receipts for the past four years, including all cash receipts, as sets and personal property, amount, in found numbers, to something like $5,200, 000, an increase of $1,250,000 over the total receipts of the previous administration. The net profits for the past, four years amounted to approximately $2,200,000, an increase of nearly $500,000 over the four years of the Comer administration. The total receipts and profits of the convict department for the past four years will be shown in the quadrennial report of the department, which will be issued in about 10 days. Owing to the fact that department officials had not vertified all the figures which will be incorporated in the report, the exact amount of receipts and profits could not he learned, though they are approximate ly correct as given above. Comparison of Receipts During the past fiscal year there Avas an average of 2600 state convicts, who were employed in coal mines, at sawmills, on turpentine farms, at the factories at Speigners and Florence, on tire state farms and at the penitentiary at we tumpka. Most of these convicts, how ever, were leased to mining contractors, being employed at the Pratt mines, Sloss Sheffield mines, Red Feather, Bessemer Coal and Iron company and the Monte vallo Coal company mines. These five mining contractors paid the state dur ing the year for the lease of convicts $'i30.464.32, nearly two-thirds of the total cash receipts for the year. The employ ment of convicts at the various lumber companies and turpentine camps swelled the receipts from convict labor to $964, 238.23. The present system <5T hiring out con victs to mines and other operators lias proven a more lucrative source of in come than the old plan of merely sell ing their labor, which obtained under | the former administration. In the mines the state is now working its own con • ’ • ~ fo,. their maintenance and other expenses. „n of the receipts of the DEALERS ASSERT BUSINESS IS GOOD Matthews and Blackford Are Optimistic—Expect Better Business c. R. Matthews of the Matthews Rlectric Supply company, is an op timistic sort of fellow. He says busi ness is fair and predicts even better business in the immediate future. He will not say that business right now is booming. But conditions are fair, and it will not be a great while before things will be booming, he says. "Business with us is fair and within the last few days I have noted a de cided improvement,” said Mr. Matthews yesterday. "I look for even better business in the future. Prospects are bright, indeed, and we are optimis tic." F. W. Blackford of the Donovan Pro vision company, says business contin ues to show up well. He, like every one else, is of the opinion that the future holds much that is good for Bir mingham and this district, and is an optimist. “Reports from out of town tend to show that there is a better sentiment,’’ said Mr. Blackford. “Business soon will l»e oven better than It is now, In niy opinion, and business here ought to be very good.” Doster-N orth in gtn Visitors Among the visitors to the Doster Northington Drug company last week was Mr. Speerman, manager of the Wiklo Drug company at Anniston. Mrs. Speerman accompanied her husband. Mr. Speerman said that business in Calhoun county was easily holding its own. The farmers, he said, are dis posed to hold on to their cotton, but with the announcement by the British government that cotton would not be regarded as contraband of war the sit uation has assumed a much rosier hue, and the outlook is promising. Other visitors to the Doster-North ington company’s store were: Mr. Wilson of Wilson Brothers Drug company, Brilliant; D. P. Cannon, a prominent druggist of Coaling. Boy Grabbed Deadly Snake From the Philadelphia Record. York, Pa.—The next time 15-year-old Thomas Graves of Haliam pulls a snake out of a hole by its tail he will first make certain what kind of a snake it is. Ol the many varieties of snakes in York county there is just one that is venomous and it happened to be a 33-inch copper head that Graves grabbed. The reptile turned like a flash, anc struck the boy on two fingers of his riglu hand. He was hurried to the office ol the nearest physician, his arm swollei to several times its natural size. Th< promptness of medical attention, how ever, saved his life. . FREE fret Advice to Constipation and Indigestion SuLerers Invest 25 cents today and start at once to forever end the misery of constipation and the distress caused hv dyspepsia or indigestion or upset stomach, call it what you will. Get a box of Hot Springs Liver Buttons today; take them as dfrected, and while taking follow the advice printed on the little diet slip which comes with each box and in 24 hours you’ll be on the right toad to complete recovery. These little chocolate coated Hot Springs Liver Buttons from the famous Hot Springs of Arkansas are the best remedy you can find for many and va rious ailments. Sick Headache, for in stance, and Biliousness, Sour Stomach. Nervousness, Mentul Depression and Sleeplessness. They are fine for malaria, too, and tor Pimply, Sallow, Blotchy Skin, and to give you a keen appetite and as a general tonic to make you feel fit and fine, they are unsurpassed. Don’t take Calomel; Hot Springs Liver Buttons cost but 25 cents a box, and to tone up the inactive liver, are better, surer and safer than Calomel. Ask your druggist. If he cannot supply you, send 25 cents, stamps or currency, for a box, to Hot Springs Chemical Co., Dept. 15, llot Springs, Arkansas. or net eanngs.3b9i,zzs.4i The above figures show that, under the old system, 450 men earned In four -j in excess of 332 men • In the same period, under the present system. Comparing these figures more closely, the convicts at Pratt and Ban ner mines during the past four years earned a net average of $31.87 • per mr*• th or $382.44 per year. On the basis of 450 men employed, their earnings for one year would have amounted to $172,098, or $688,392 in four years, showing an excess under the present system in earning capacity of convicts over the old system of nearly $100,000 for 450 men in four years. “The above comparison is made on the basis of an average of 450 men working for the Tennessee Coal and and Iron company as against an aver age of 332 convicts at the Pratt and Banner mines during the present ad ministration. The records of the con vict department show while the old contract with the Tenenssee Coal, Iron and Railroad company called for 450 men, this number was rarely, if ever, actually supplied by the state." Other figures show that the state had an average of 263 convicts at the Sloss Sheffleld mines at Flat Top during the I past four years, whose net earning fot that time were $435,745.30. The state maintained an average of 250 convicts at that mine during the previous administration, whose net earnings for four years were $402, 4i6.33. | Th average net earnings per man per month at Flat Top was $34.52 for r ' uy\ four years, the largest at any of the mines. * < sr*par.son of the profits from convict • i or at other mines would show prac Vt same results, a pretty fair .u in the earnings of convicts under the present system over - drennlal report of the depart , re.Gttt will show some interesting figures t.ty the result of convict labor during the -• < four yearn. The net earnings of the and Banner mines and at Flat Top have been shown. The net profits from convict labor at other mines . . . am i»i. >>•.»; Loeilc. owned by Red Feather Coal com pany, 185 men: Gross earnings in four yearn —$141,220 95 Expenses ..’. 178,348.80 Net profits .$262,872 10 Belle Ellen, average men 200: Gross earnings .$400,110-2* I Expenses*. 123,220 11 Net profits .•27M0& 61 In addition to these four mlrt«s, th* state seven months ago leased about JM men to the Aldrich mine, owned by I he ! Montevallo Coal company. Theft /»*•» C0,t* i»ks f*»r thin period was $16,385 90 The gross earnings, therefore, from lb* labor ot convicts In the five rriln<« for the past four years were $2,512,875 51. and the expenses were $1,013,229.42, leaving a net profit to the state for the four year* of $1,499,646.09. The earnings of the convict* In the mines during the Comer adnVn)*tration were $1,11S,ITS.64. though the state did not have contracts with the several mine op erators during that entire period. The I corrmarlsons made above, however, are based on the four years’ employment of convicts. Earnings of Convicts at Camps The profits to the state from the lease of convicts to the various lumber and tur pentine camps for $he past four years were: Henderson Lumber Co., San foid ... Horseshoe Lumber Co., River Falls . 89,363.21 Henderson-Boyd Lumber Co., Richburff . 61.662.51 Alabama Turpentine Co. 30,566.9( Henderson Turpentine Co., Shreve . 79,120.1! Alabama Manufacturing Co. at tt.im»ngham . 23,063.31 Theole-Phillipi Mfg. Co. at Flor ence . 73,067.1! Sellers & Bullard at Samson.... 51,914.91 Sum* of the contracts with th* abov< Hoy-Rattermann’s Great November Sale Begins Monday We are going to offer during this sale every ; thing in our entire stock at prices that furnish a wonder ■ ful opportunity to fit the home with the needed furnish j ings that will add to your comfort and brighten the horn throughout the years to come. Come in, your money wil buy more than ever before. We quote you here a few o the many opportunities for frugal buying: Lace Curtains «f2;_worth *22-50; $14.65 Nottingham Lace Curtains, white, cream and ecru; worth $1.25. WUtOIl VelVCtS This week only. 85C 9x12 •worth *22-50- $16 95 oir ’ J?5C worth $50.00, at . tDOOetiV Beautiful Nottingham Lace i’ur- Tan PllO*Q mins, choice patterns, full ierjgth, u ap values. This Heavy, firm quality, &A FA .v el; only . '.«xl2. $S.C*y Rugs . «D‘x*tlU ..Ixtru fin* Curtains, sold iv-ju ^riy »u $3.°° pair. This ^ 25 Hearth Rugs All higher priced Curtains re- C*reat stock to pick from and due* d in like proportions- values that cannot bo duplicated __ ... anywhere. Mattings Size 27x54, worth t f? .Iu.panes*' and Chinese Matting, in ' . all colors and beautiful designs at Size 36x.2. worth (T*A pFA 18c. 221/2c. 25c, 30c . 9x1? Matting Squares, worth J4-30, at .. . syl»’ a,t" K" th'S S2.50 W°01 Fiber Brussels Rugs ,worth . $6.75 9x12. worth $12.50, 27x34, worth $1.50, <j»-| QQ 9x12, worth $16.50, Cl 1 7E 30x60, worth $1.75, nr at . wil.lu now . . . <D!..£') -1 m _ S4 T innlenma Beautiful designs in all colors— 8$ JjlIlOieumS note the 8harp reductions and W Here s your chance to buy Lina- buy what you need. ft«S leuin at a big saving. Printed , , . t th *- A. i$ Linoleums: regular 760. Thle SjL ^ $2.95 £S week only, square rft, *400 .V ‘ • u yard, laid . DUC «x"-6, worth ®0 EA Printed Linoleums, regularly $5.00 . wil.UU S5c yard Tills week only— 7x7-6, worth ®jr *}(? square yard, ho. $7.50. «DU.£U laid ... .. OUC Inlaid Linoleums, $1.26 value. this week only, square Qt_ Tapestry Portieres reduced In yard, laid . Out like proportions—also sharp re Best quality Inlaid Linoleums. ductlons on all Scrims and Nets. $1.65 value This week onlv-— Pay you to anticipate your needs. ?Xr*.yardl. $1.25 ' Sample Rugs M Congoleum ^^*^60 v^e!11 no" To close out Congoleum floo# - _ach J7OC covering, worth 65c per QQ_ ’ _.*. ea yard, now .. oSJC $6.00 Squares $4.50 Rope Portieres Room size fine Ingrain Squares. 5x7 feet, worth ®1 Q(E full $6.00 values. This ®d ETA $2.60 . «Dl.O0 week only . we uive uouDie ureen Trading stamps with All Cash Furchases During This Bale p HOY-RATTERMANN CARPET CO. I HOME OF RELIABLE VALUES AT LOW PRICES 2018 Second Avenue _ Birmingham, Ala. || Souvenirs to Every Customer Upon Request || m Some Sidelights On the War By HARRY J. BURNEY , Turkey finds itself right in the mid dle of a mighty bad fix. It has al lowed itself to be forced into a war which can only result in its expulsion from^Europe. Russia has long coveted Constantinople. Time and again, the Muscovite has reached out a hand to seize one of the most magnificent ports in the world. Each time heretofore his 1 desire has been thwarted. Now it seems almost certain that the city of Con stantine once again will be the posses sion of a Christian power, and that power will be Russia. In the past England has been the chief nurse at the bedside of the sick man of Europe. British diplomacy and British battleships have been the medi cine which has kept alive the mori bund nation. Great Britain would have gladly tuken Constantinople for her self, but she has not dared. All the while, however, she has been strong enough to keep it from Russia. For many years, England has acted as "first friend" of the Porte. Now these quon dam cronies are at war. It is almost positive that, if victorious. Russia will demand as part of the* spoils the gate way from the Black sea to the Medi- j erranean. Nor can this demand ±>e j justly denied. It is necessary for her continued growth and progress. Even did England want to say "nay," would she dare? However long the European war may last, Russia is not going to be seriously crippled. Its mou jiks are unnumbered, and properly equipped and led they fight with all human valor^ind endurance. The birth rate of Russia is a marvel to the other countries of Europe. The fecundity of the Muscovite mother ia a weapon stronger than all the guns that have ever b^en cast in the enormous works at Essen. When England, France, Aus tria and Germany lie prostrate and bleeding, Russia will still be strong. Constantine of Greece is a first cousin of George of England; likewise of >^cholas of Russia. Not that this fact really amounts to as much as a "scrap of paper," but Constantine might use it as a great argument with himself to join the war on the side of the triple entente. Something much more ma terial Is the fact that the interests of his country and the interests of Tur key are utterly at variance. The two nations have been foes for centuries. Back about 1896—I am not certain re garding the date and no book of ref erence is immediately at hand—Greece undertook to whip Turkey and got well trounced for her pains. Recently in conjunction with the allied states of the Balkan peninsula, she got her re venge. Only the breaking out of dis sensions over the spoils of war pre vented Turkey’s losing a greater amount of territory than she did. It probably will be the play of England, when the time for the carving of Tur key comes around, to suggest that Con stantinople be turned over to the lat ter day Constantine. Will Russia be willing to accede to this? I think not. And there are many reasons leading to such a con clusion. In the first place, as has been mentioned, the possession of Con stantinople for many, many years has been her chiefest ambition. Only too often has she had the cup to her lips, and had it dashed aside. In this war, her sacrifices will be great. The Czar has repeated his boast that peace with Germany will only be made after the i Kaiser has been utterly crushed. If the | crushing is done, it must be done by Russia. Then why should her claims be put aside that Greece may be fa vored? When Peter the Great routed the trained troops of Sweden at Pultowa he made for Russia a place In the sun. The prestige of the Slav since that time has 'received one seriouB set back. Russia is humiliated over her defeat by Japan. It is her dream to become the mighty figure in world af fairs that her size and wealth entitle her. With Constantinople In her grasp, ' site will no longer be dependent upon harbors that for months each year are icebound. She will have breathing room, space In which to stretch her gi gantic bulk: opportunity to expand without pushing her breast against tho lance of the Uhlan or her back agafnst the sword of the Samurai. England now holds Gibraltar and the Suez canal, two of the three entrances ' of the Mediterranean sea. The third Is the Dardanelles. With Constantino ple in her grasp or in the grasp of a nation servilely devoted to her inter ests, the Mediterranean indeed would be a British lake. Would this be well for the rest of thd world? Would It meet with the apbroval of France, of Italy, of the Slavic Balkans? The Russia of 1914 is not the Russia i that was beaten by the Nipponese. The she-bear of ties snows has bften been pelted and pestered, but she hus never been hurt. Like Antaeus she renews her strength from contact with the earth. In the battles along the Russo Prussian frontier for days the Germans were amazed by the freshness of the armies they engaged. Exhausted Teu tons were compelled to face enemies who showed no weariness or depression from the battles waged in constant suc cession. Then the Germans discovered that the Russians were fighting in re lays. Grand Duke Nicholas had so mnny troops that he could employ corps unfatigued and unbroken in each en gagement. With work such as this, in j a few months Russia will have a host of veterans such as the world has never seen before, when both numbers and training are taken Into consideration. Will these myriads make a peace that they feel robs them of the fruits of victory after efforts lasting genera tions? Hardly. I do not know that England will nttempt to interpose her self between Russia and Constantino ple. It may be that Great Britain, France and Italy would much prefer to see Russia spread herself southward rather than westward. But this I be lieve: Russia will get what she wants If Germany and Austria are beaten If not, we may witness another exhibition of what occurred after Servia, Bulgaria, Greece and Montenegro had brought the Sultan to his knees. It was a sad day for Turkey when It permitted Germany to influence her into a violation of neutrality. It Is not natural to think that the Kaiser, pro fessing as he does, a deep conviction that he 1h fighting the battles of Chris tianity, would try to foment a rellg- , ions war. Mohammed V. as the head of Islam, by the unfurling of the green flag of the prophet, could summon mil lions to arms. But as Hotspur so pertinently asked Glendower: "Would they come?” J SEVERE DROUTH IN COAST STATES Washington, November 7.—One of the most severe drouths on record Is render- ' lng the forest fire situation In northern Atlantic coast states extremely serious, according to reports to the forest service. Every day brings news of fresh fires. Massachusetts has suffered severely. The governor recently closed the hunting season to keep hunters out of the woods, since careless campers are a prolific ( source of fire. * In New Jersey hundreds of thousands I of dollars worth of property has been destroyed. Claim Randall Elected Los Angeles, Cal., November 7.—Demo cratic managers today claimed the elec tion of Charles H. Randal! as congress man In the Ninth California district by a plurality of 350 over Representative Charles W. Bell, progressive. The claim was based on figures from all but two precincts. Progressive headquarters would not concede the election of Ran dall. "l companies were not in operation during the entire period covered by the past four years, the figures being given to show the earnings of the convicts at these places. On the whole, the profits to the state from convict labor are a lucrative source of revenue, and net the state about $500, 000 annually, Including assets and prop erty owned by the department. The state farms at Speigners and No. 4 have been operated at a loss, and It is probable that their i^Itivation will be discontinued next year. r Why Smith Succeeded He w(ih on the job—Hlert and energefic. Mental ability and physical activity made him shine in bis old job and brought promotion. Smith took care of himpelf. ✓ Higlit there is the keynote of success—one must be mentally and physically fit. A good start is to avoid the heavy, greasy foods that cause indigestion and kindred ills, and use a whole- , some, buildin^food such as Grape-Nuts This healthful, appetizing food is made of selected , wheat and malted barley. It contains those vital min eral salts, so necessary to health, that are often lacking in the every-day diet. The partial malting of the barley, with the long bak ing (about 20 hours), makes Grape-Nuts a food that digests easily and quickly. “There’s a Reason” * * , Li . .1. ■ HI-." '■. * I"