OCR Interpretation


The Birmingham age-herald. [volume] (Birmingham, Ala.) 1902-1950, November 17, 1914, Image 1

Image and text provided by University of Alabama Libraries, Tuscaloosa, AL

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85038485/1914-11-17/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for

_THE BIRMINGHAM AGE-HERALD
1 volume xxxxrv
' NO LONGER SERIOUS
CONCERN OVER OUR
FINANCIAL FUTURE
—SECRETARY REDFIELD
All Information Reaching )
I Governmental Depart
ments Indicative of Re
turning Prosperity.
EXCHANGE NORMAL ]
AND THE NUMBER OF
UNEMPLOYED IS LESS
Secretary Redfield Summar- 1
izes Business Situation In
Letter to Chamber of
Commerce of U. S.
nr"l! Tton, November 16.—All in
reaching governmental de- t
here indicates that the de- c
ihich overtook business en- «
V in the United States when i
;orm burst is vanishing. A «
[look for the futui? was sum- «
3day by Secretary Kedfield r
r to the Chamber of Com- £
the United States, in which £
d: £
worst be said and admitted \
be said respecting existing
liffieulties in America, our c
istill remain not only rein- l
£ht, but rapidly improving t
ny respects both prosperous <
dug. "
•Anut but sympathize with 1
tunes that have befallen in- c
i all the belligerent* coun- 1
1 Mr. Kedfield. “and, there- 1
inch more grateful that no 1
threatens our own. No ob- {
the large movements of oui *
today fails to recognize the c
ovehient that has been made 1
I conditions within the last 1
and which is still progress- *
tayment of our foreign ob- 1
io longer causes serious r
)e an import excess of 20
August has been changed
' export excess of ap- i
r sixty millions in October. c
: in our bank reserves in \
in August rose to a surplus ^
*ly this morth. t
Lx chan pc Normal
vourse of exchange has become j
more normal. Clearing house certifi- %
cates are being retired. Largo sums
of emergency notes have been with-, I
drawn and with the opening of the
federal reserve system great addition- j.
ft] supplies of loanable funds have be- *
come available. There no longer is se
rious concern over our financial fu- s
ture. c
“One can look back calmly now' to j
the first weeks of August when there
was a wheat embargo which some c.
feared might mean sad loss to farm- 1
era. Those same farmers are prosper* *
oils today, for wheat exports have be *n j
unprecedented in amount and at prof- \
liable prices. Cotton has begun to move i
and existing arrangements promise re- c
(Continued on Page Eight)
MIN FEDERAL
RESERVE BANKS

ieserve Board Already
Planning to Widen Field
of Operation and to In
crease Currency.
JANKS’FIRST DAY *
OF BUSINESS PROVE
A GREAT SUCCESS
’resident WTilson Showered
Writh Congratulations
From All Parts of . Coun
try. Define Time Deposits.
Washington, November 16.—Al
fiough the 12 federal reserve banks
nly began business today, the fed
ral reserve board already has before
; plans for widening their field of
perations and increasing their store
f cash. No definite data of the busi
ess done was available tonight, but
ecretary Willis telegraphed each
ank for an account of its rediscount
usiness and expected to lay a re
orb before the board tomorrow.
The board may not be willing to draw
©finite plans from one day’s business,
ut the first week may have a material
fleet and may result In augmenting the ,
asli of the hanks by more than $150,000,- j
30. The board has under consideration
h«_' deposit of a large part of the loose
ash now in the treasury and the trans
< r of n> ist of tho government funds;
ow deposited in national banks. If the
li st week’s rediscount business shows i
hat the banks can use more cash, the
ourd probably will suggest the adoption
f this plan. It has been reported to tjio
card that there is about $110,000,000 in
lie treasury available for this purpose,
nd that about $64,000,000 of the $79,000,000
ow In banks on deposit for the govern
ieut could be transferred.
Define Time Deposits
The board tonight made public a circu
it' defining time deposits as including any
eposlt subject to check on which the
ank lias the right by written contract
rtth the depositor at the time of deposit
» require no less than 30 days’ notice bc
jre any part of it may be withdrawn. Any
greement with a depositor not to en
orce the terms of such a contract shall
itiate the contract.
The postoffice department has notified
ostmasters that no postal savings funds
hall be deposited in banks not members
f the federal reserve system, and in
Irueting them to discontinue deposits i:i
uch nonmember banks.
President Wilson received many tele
rams conveying congratulations on the
pening of the new system.
Joseph A. McCord, governor of the At
mta reserve bank, telegraphed:
‘‘The Atlanta federal reserve bank
pened this morning for business. The
oard and officers of this, your former
onie, especially desire you to know that
rtey ore in sympathetic aceprd with the
imposes of the new currency act, and
•111 do everything within their power to
lake it a success. The country is to he
ongratulated on having a President wno
(Continued on Pave Eliiht)
PULSE OF NATION’S FOREIGN
COMMERCE NOW SHOWING
A STEADY IMPROVEMENT
reports From Country’s Leading Ports Show Exports Steadily
Increasing Over Imports—October Exports, Exclusive
f of Cotton, Show Ten Million Dollar Increase
Over Same Month Last Year
Washington. November 16—The puls
Of the nation's foreign commerce 1
■bowing steady Improvement, accord
Ing to the daily telegraphic state
tnents received by Secretary McAdoi
^ fiom tha 10 leading ports of entry
Import business of last Saturday, base,
ou reports from ports handling 87 pe
cent of all imports, amounted to $2,
231,612; exports from 'these ports
handling 72 per cent of all exports
■mounted to $10,121,551 The daily av
ern^e' for these ports tn November
1013, was, imports, $4,923,397; exports
$6,983,426.
Secretary McAdoo determined las
month to keep In closest touch with th>
foreign commerce of the United States
noting from day to day the fluctua
tlons of imports and exports. To thn
end ho ordered the 10 largest custon
bouses to make daily reports. The re
sr.lt Is tabulated with comparative
/, figures and as laid on Mr. McAdoo
S desk affords instant information a
to the course of foreign trade.
Since the first of November the to
tal of the import report is $51,627,769
exports. $77,599,600. Since October I
the totale have been, Imports. $156.
*27,769; exports. $215,300,874.
Complete returns of October trad
announced today by the department o
commerce Indicate a continuation o
September’* Improvement in genera
• condition. October Imports, though two
i million doll, rs less than In the pre
en. Ing month, were five million dol
lars more than those of October. last
year. October exports were 39 14 tnll
' lion that in the previous month and
7'>V6 million below the corresponuing ■
month of last yeur when exports rose
I to 1 he highest point on record.
“Exports exclusive of cotton In Oc
tober. 1814, were 10 1-3 million dollars
nu-re than in the corresponding monto
of last year, while cot.on exports fell
$80,955,154 below Optober. 1913, thus
bringing the month's grand total if
■ exports $76,577,612 below that of Oc
tober a year ago." says a statement
1 from the department.
The actual export balance for the
menth was $57,305,074, compared with
$ 11-,962,722 in September and an Im
port balance of $19,400,396 In August.
Two years ago the October export bat
, unce was $78,645,518; last year the
same month showed an export balance
of $138,912,162.
“The detailed figure* are: October
I Imports, $137,978,778 ugalnst $132 949
3112 last year; lo months imports. $1,
. 548,429,652 against $1,460,384,373 last
year; October exports. $196,282,852
compared with $271,861,464 last year;
1 10 months exports, $1,602,686,8)1
against $2,005,288,622 last year. Of the
. month's imports «2.96 per cent entered
f:ee of duty, in comparison vpith 61.36
Tier cent last year and 57.71 'per cent
In October. 1912.
“Commercial gold movements were:
October Imports, $6,934,766 against $5,
. 291,085 last year; 10 months ended with
, 602 last year; October exports, $60,34',
972 against $183,780 last year; If,
’ months, $207,998,763 against $74,6*3,053
l last year."
.jJix-jti.- 2." _ . dw.-'V
_BIRMINGHAM, ALABAMA. TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 17, 1914
SOME CHILD OF SOME DESERVING WORKING MOTHER WILL
BE TAKEN CARE OF BY YOUR TICKET TO THE “COTTON BALL”
The cotton ball to l»e9 given at fhe
Tul>vHer tonight In for the benefit of
the Neighborhood Ilouae and day nur
sery. one of Itlrmingham’n beat known
IerMpartly
PARALYZED TROOP
ACTION IN WAR ZONE
Russians Reported March
ing Through £>now In
East Pryssia—Situa
tion Unchanged
_ I
London, November 16.—(8*13 p. m.l
No Important events were written to
dn7 Into the history of the war an far
nn great eventn are concerned. Winter
Ii«h partly paralysed troop movementn
both In the east and the went.
The Russians on the border of East
Prussia are reported marching through
snow, clad In sheepskin jackets sim
ilar to those the Japanese first wore
in Manchuria. Blizzards have swept
trenches in Belgium and northern
Trance, bringing great suffering. A
large area of West Flanders arouno
Pixmudeihas been flooded by the
heavy rains and is no man’s land foe
fig h tin g.
The French and German reports to
day are contradictory as to events In
the west yesterday. Berlin says there
was only slight activity because of
the snowstorm. Paris announced the
Germans, attempting to cross the canal
near Dlxmude. were thrust back, while
the allies recaptured several «tra
teglc points, repulsed two German at
tacks southeast of Ypres and “entire
ly destroyed’’ a German regiment south
of Bixschoo^e.
An observer with the British army
announces that the German attempts
to batter a wedge through the Brit
ish lines have decreased greatly in
f.'rce the past few uays and that they
Lear no resemblance to attacks !•»
great force launched against Ypres ai
the end of October. They are more ini
the nature of demonstrations of for.53
than serious assaults, he declares.
The writer pays high tribute to the
t r^very of raw German youths and
(Contlnned on Page Six)
T
ibarllleR. The nursery |»rovi«le« n place
where mother* who have to work can
leave their children during (be day
au«l the little one* miiat be fed while
EMPLOYE CHARGED
WITH DEFALCATION
M. B. Campbell Arrested In
Connection With $50,000
Shortage At First Na
tional Bank
Montgomery, November 10.—M. R.
Campbell, head bookkeeper of the Ffrnt
National bank of thin city, wan arrent
e«l thin evening on a charge of being
a defaulter. It In atated the amount of
the ahortge will exceed 150,000. An of
ficial utatement by Prenldent Baldwin
tonight nays that thin In the flrnt de
falcation In thin hank nince It wan or
ganised 43 yearn ago.
President A. M. Baldwin of the First
National bank tonight issued an off’
ciul statement in which he says that
the shortage of Campbell, head indi
vidual bookkeeper, is $58,658.8.', all of
which the bunk directcrs have made
good by charging the amount off to
profit and loss from the undivided
profits account. « Campbell was bond
ed with a surety company, he says, ami
whatever amount Is recovered from
that company will tend only to reduce
the amount of actual loss. After charg
ing off this loss. President Baldwin
says the bank now has a capital, su >
plus and undivided profits of $1,260.
863.90 unimpaired.
rubbeiTimporters
LODGE PROTEST
Washington, November 16.—Rubber im
porters and manufacturers whose tracto
has been seriously affected by the em
bargo placed on rubber exports by Great
Brita n lodged a protest today with the
British embassy.
It is understood the state department
already has given the matter attention,
and that an agreement may be reached
to guarantee that rubber shipped to the
United States by England or British col
onies will not be converted into products
to be placed later at the disposal of
hostile countries.
they are there. The «-<iI1m t*111 prohublV
he greater tlmn ever thin winter and
every ticket piii'-hnNed far tonight's
lull will ndd that much to the fund
far this highly cammcudnhle work.
Meeting of House of Com
mons Devoted Entirely
to War Measures.
Discuss Publicity
I.ondon. November Id.— (!) p. ml
The meeting of the lloune of Commons
today was devoted entirely to war
measure*. The houne granted without a
dlnnentlng vote Premier Asquith's re
quest for n vote for £225,000,000 i|lt
125,000,000) nud another itillllou sol- i
dlera.
The condition and morals of the sol- !
dlers, the inevitable spy system and
press censorship were discussed freely.
The prime minister characteris ed the i
crisis as “the greatest emerge icy in •
which the country ever has been |
placed.” He said 1,200,000 men already
were under arms; that the war was j
costing nearly $50,000,000 a day, and
that the government proposed to lend
Belgium $50,000,0400 and Servia $4,000,
000 without interest, until the end of
the war.
Timothy Healy, the Irish nationalist,
said ihe money should be given those
nations.
John Hodge, the lnbor member for
Lancashire, indorsed the proposal, with
the suggestion: ‘Later on we can col
lect it from the German Emperor.”
Aliens In Camp
Reginald McKenna, secretary for
home affairs, informed the houne that
there were 14,500 alien enemies in Brit- j
ish concentration camps and 29,000 at ]
large.
Walter Hume Long, unionist, said the !
country wras not likely to be faced with ’
the stupendous problems of unemploy- |
ment w'hich might naturally have been
expected, and he'believed all the men
<i*ntlBu«d on Pag* Ten)
British Report of War Activities
London, November 10.—(9:35 p. m.)—The
official press bureau has Issued the fol
lowing account, dated November 10, of the
movements of the British force and the
French armies in immediate touch with It:
“In describing operations for the six
days from November \ to 9. it can be
said that during .that period the Germans
now here along our front havo made an
attack in great force such as was
launched nguinst Ypres ut the end of Oc
tober. Their policy lias appeared to be
to wear us out by a continual bombard
ment, ipterpperseil with local assaults at
different points.
“Their artillery attacks have continued
without cessation for days, and wonder
is aroused as to 'when this prodigal ex
penditure of ammunition will cease, for it
has not produced its obviously calcu
lated effect of breaking the defense in
preparation for an advance of their in
fantry.
Bo far the infantrymen have been the
,ht»f «-'
■t
1
I
ceded It, being more In the nature of a
demonstration in force than a serious at
tempt to drive in our lino, and was
beaten off with ease.
“By then our men had been reinforced,
had rested and had improved their
trenches. Moreover, the consciousness
■.hat they had repelled one great effort
of the enemy was a moral factor of no
small value.
“Farther to the south, on our left cen
ter, the French advanced under cover of
our guns and mad< some progress In
spite of heavy fire from the enemy’s
massed batteries. On our center all was
quiet.
"On the right our Indian troops captured
and tilled in some trenches in which the
enemy had established himself only BO
yards from our lines, under cover of
heavy artillery brought after dark.
“On our extreme left one qf our howit
zer batteries, whose Are was being most
effectively dn'ected, selected as its first
target a farm ftom which a machine gun
I_ _ mIHiIr
j.ed by snipers. This was set alight by 1
he shell and w hen the occupants bolted j
hey came under the rapid fire of the In- j
antry. The third target was another j
tuild.ng from which the Germans were
Irlvon and then were caught In the open |
>y shrapnel. One of our heavy butteri es i
ilso obtained several direct hits on the I
enemy's guns.
“Thursday, November G, was another)
comparatively quiet day, there being no i
ittempt at an infantry attack against
iny point of our position. Southeast ot'
fprea the Germans maintained a heavy |
>ombardment of one section of our front, I
>ut generally speaking their artillery fire |
fvas not so heavy as It had been some- .
vital to the south.
“The French made slight progress and I
recaptured ground farther to the south. I
rwo villages the enemy had captured and |
their line of ridge close by were heav-'
ly bombarded by British and French ar
tillery from the high ground to the west,
rite effect of this cannonade could be
leen to some extent, though the villages
under fire were partially obscured from
view by the smoke of bursting shells and
resembled the craters of volcanoes belch
ms fire and fumes.
on« tiIap* the gaunt wreck of an old
the blackened remains
around it w ould emerge j
■94 mm rag# '*«•#.
10 PAGES NUMBER 195
CRACOW IS BURNING;
INHABITANTS FLEE,
SAYS VENICE REPORT
Capital of Galicia Reported In Flames.
Turks Lose 250 Men and Two
Guns—War Situation
Unchanged
London, November 17.—(12:55 a. m.)—The Prince of Wales
crossed from Folkestone to Boulogne last night on his way to
the front.
Rome, November 16.—(8:45 p. m.)—The Giornaled Italia publishes a dis
patch from Venice saying news has been received there that Cracow, capital
of Galicia, is burning and that Its inhabitants are fleeing.
London, November 16.—(11:25 p. m.)—An Exchange Telegraph dispatch from
Athens says:
"The Turks lost 250 men and two guns destroyed in the bombardment of the
forts of the Dardanelles.
“The former German cruisers Goeben and Breslau, which now fly the Turkish
flag, have re-entered the Bosphorus.”
Paris, November 16.—(10:39 p. m.)—The official communication issued by
the French war office tonight simply says:
"The situation is without modification."
Rome, November 16.—(10 p. m.)
A Petrograd dispatch to the Giornale
D’ltalia says the Russian advance to
ward Cracow is overcoming all ob
stacles. Cracow is entirely besieged
on the northeast. A sortie from
Przemysl has been repulsed by Rus
sian artillery and cavalry, which in
flicted severe losses on the Aus
trians.
Washington, November is.—Foreign of
ttce dispatches to the French embassy
here today denied reports of German suc
cess In I he Argon no mid stated that the
recent struggle In the Ysm- region had
••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••*••••••••••••••••••••••«
resulted in (greater losses to tho Ger
mane than to the allies. The message
said:
"Reports In tho German press recount
ing Get man successor in the Argon tie an
inexact. Our lines about Verdun have
progressed five kilometers from tho posi
tion occupied a month ago."
Washington. November 1G. — A wireless
from the Austro-Hungarian foreign office
received at the embassy here today an
nounced that the siege of Cat taro ceased
when tlic Austrian guns silenced tho
French battery on Mount Loveen, and
that tin* Montenegrin army had been
toned back within its own borders.
This dispatch explained tho retreat of
the Austro-German armies in Kussiun Po
land as a strategic withdrawal without
battle before superior numbers.
...
GERMANY UNDER “SIGN
OF RUSSIAN DANGER”
Russians Have Forced Kaiser’s Troops One Hundred Miles in a
Few Weeks—Inhabitants Flee From Frontier—Disquietude
Felt by the German People Over Allies’ Successes
Berlin, November 1G.—(Via Rorulon. 1
i .J- -Gei uiaMy (*%&!>' i^ n»i * 1
1
der tho “sign of tho Russian danger. t
to quote tho astrological metaphor fre
quently used by the Germans. »
Tho combined German and -Austrian C
armies which, bv a well timed unn *
v. ell executed change of front ana t
with timely reinforcements, swept y
through Poland to the lint? of tho Vis- !•
tula, threatening Warsaw and Ivan- *
rod and in turn wore outflanked bv 1
tin* masses, of Russia’s command, now j
have fallen back to their own fron
tiers. j
Timid inhabitants of the border re- «
Stone aro leaving their homes for the 1
interior and a certain amount of die- s
quietude is even being manifested in <
civilian circles In Berlin
There are many indications, however. r
that the retirement before Warsaw Is \
nn that of a beaten army but of one j
which, having failed Ir Its object ol‘
a surprise campaign, promptly f|
changed Its strategic plan and re- *
treated.
Predictions are hazardous, but t.'e
great news of the next fortnight may t
come from tho armies facing on Po- t
••••••••••••a•••••■••••••••••*•w*•••«•••*•••••••••••••
INNES AND WIFE TO I
FIGHT EXTRADITION
Allege Pending Charges In Atlanta (
Are Without Foundation and
Want Legality
Sun Antonio. Tox., November 16
Victor F. Innes of Eugene, Ore., and hie !
w<fe. relieved In the district court to- i ,
da> of charges of murder and eonspir- 1 (
ncy to murder In connection with the
t'lfappearance several months ago o; '
Airs. Elols Nelms Dennis and her sister, !
Miss Beatrice Nelms of Atlanta, On . i
will resist extradition to Atlanta,
where they aro wanted on a charge of t
larceny after trust. (
An application for a writ of habeas (
errpus, filed hi their behalf lute today, !
alleges that the charges pending 111 At- , ^
lsnta are without foundation and con- ^
tests the legality of the extradition i
warrant, asserting that It was not up- j *
proved In person by Governor Colquitt .
of Texas. Thu application was made r >- n
tamable before Judge Anderson In dis
trict court Wednesday V
innes und Ills wife were formally „
released from custody today when a .
jury returned nn Instructed verdict of 1
not guilty, the district attorney stating I
that tho prosecution had been unable I
to establish actual proof of the death j
of the Atlanta women. They were in )
mediately rearrested, however, on the
Charges pending 111 Oeorglu.
Prohibit Code Messages
New York. November' 16.—Wireless sta- ■
tlons hi Spain have been prohibited by j i
the government from transmitting mes- *
sages In code or secret language, accord- [
lug to announcement here today by the (
Western Union Telegraph company.
«••••••»••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
TODAY’S AGE-HERALl)
1— Financial situation improved.
Reserve banks open.
Winter handicaps troop activities.
Cracow reported burning.
2— Suffrage convention comes to close.
3— Confidence feature of new bank sys
tem. 1
4— Editorial comment.
0—Iiynn Issues statement on water sit
uation.
Alurder and suicide in northern part a
of county.
Schwab said to be purchasing ugout u
of allies. '
New booklet to boost Birmingham. 1
6— Chicago Cubs may practice at Rick- \
wood. 1
7— Society. t
9-Markets. t
09—Masonic reunion comes today. 2
:ilid's? wintry fields. The • omrnop re-'
>11 i« *ii9i rjcuorjiJ von .HImloiu>»irg N
i.dy to accept nv to rIv« quLtlc or.
he new tfiouiul he has chosen
The retirement from Warsaw j*u
embleti in many reupc.ctn Mint from
he environs uf Paris in September, til**
« rmans in both on sea ussuming th«*
reat: risk of running out of uni mu
Ition ami eupply trains and ax post m?
u ir flank and roar, hoping? to 8inanh
m up posed demoralized army, They hud
oi ed in the Warsaw fiimpulffn, like
tone wall Jackson at Ohancello raville
> catch the enemy's ri^ht wing nap
'*••«, roll up that portion of It west of
>e Vlatula, press across the river and
urture Warsaw.
The ItilHslans were on the alert,
» wever, and quickly retired to the
nle side of the Vistula The only lm*
ortant fluhtina was at Opntow. on
« extreme southern flank. The Rua
h.ns massed their troops In a gen
*ally north and south line behind the
istula. They rushed their troops by*
• il way but were bar«»ly in tlm for the I
etmans w<*i.> a*** h iII\ entering one
uhurh of Warsaw when Siberian
poops detrained In the town. J
The Germanh had outrun their heavy
rtillery, delayed by ottomle*-** roads. 2
’*»« nty of Russian reinforcements came.
In* flpfhtlnH: was desperate and a re
ran t was finally ordered. J
The Germans say they are proud of
his retreat as the KiikUhIi are of
luirs at Mons.
>EACE IN MEXICO IS
AT LAST IN SIGHT
'arrnnza Telegraphs Inlention of Re
signing—Hostilities Have
Ceased lor Time
Washington. November 16.—Peace In
Icxlco after weeks of dissension union*
ho generals of the victorious const!
utionullst army at last seemed In 1
ItTbt today, according to message* \ i
>oin United States government agent*
1 the southern republic.
S-'oon after American Consul Sllllm.tn
legraphed from Mexico City early fn
^e day that hoatllltles between the
'I'ces of the Aguas Oulientes eonven- ‘
on mid those loyal lo Carrnnsa had
•used, came a message from Leon Ca
ovn, special agent of the American
overnment at Aguas CHliente*. stating
lut General Carranza hud telegraphist
Is intention of resigning.
Bteretury Bryan made public Cano
n's message, which was dated 7 p.
i yesterday, hut did not comment on
. Although the dispateh was delayed
i reaching here from no other source
i Mexico had come word of a similar
•ituro. Previous messages, however,
aj described the efforts of the varl
bs generals to reach a compromise and
ffictals tonight thought it not un
kely that in the interests of do
lestie peace both Generals Carranza
lid Villa would leave Mexico while tho
utionnl government was being reor
,tnize1. ■
COLLECT MONEY- I
FOR WAR SUFFERERS I
Princeton, N. J., November 16.—Near*
*■ $4000 was collected between halve*
f the Yale-Prlnceton football same
i«t .Saturday Tor tho benefit of suf
^rere In the European war zone. Cou
Ihutions almost filled a flour bar*
*1.
Tho money will be Bent to Red Croe*
eadquarters at Waahlnston.
Woodward Lecturers Named
New Haven. Conn., November 16.—A<
meeting of the Yale corporation to
ay the foreign Woodward lecturer*
ire appointed for the yoar: Morton . <
'ullcrton of tho London Times, Pro/.
V. H. liragg of the University of
eetts Prot. Stephen Bauer, dlreotor of %
no international labor office at Basal,
witzrrland, and iAur.i.ce Blnyoa of
be British museum.
J

xml | txt