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_THE BIRMINGHAM AGE-HERALD_
volume xx.xxrv BIRMINGHAM, ALABAMA, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 19, 1914 10 PAGES NUMBER 197 TURKEY TO BE ASKED TO EXPLAIN FIRING ON AMERICAN BOAT Launch From Cruiser Tennessee Shot At By Turkish Land Forces While Pro ceeding to American Consulate WILSON DETERMINED NOT TO INVOLVE THE U. S. IN WAR Incident Will Be Adjusted Through Diplomatic Channels is Belief of Washington Officials Who Decline to Look On Firing as an Unfriendly Act Washington, November 18.—The United States government has directed Ambassador Henry Morgenthau at Constantinople to ask an explanation of the firing by Turkish land forces at a launch from the American cruiser Tennessee proceeding from Vourlah to the American consulate at Smyrna, Asia Minor. Secretary Daniels simultaneously cabled the commanders of the Tennessee and the.cruiser North Carolina also in the Mediterranean to take no action which might embarrass the American government and to await specific in ■tructions from Washington. These steps followed the receipt of a message from Captain Benton C. Deck er, commander of the Tennessee, paraphrased in this statement from the navy department! •••••»•••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• “Capt. B. C. Decker, in command of tho Tennessee, wired Secretary Daniels this morning that while proceeding from Vourlah to Smyrna to make of ficial calls boat was fired at, consul anxious for safety of consulate. Ten nessee proceeded to and left Vourlah at request of ambassador and is now anchored in the harbor of Scio (Chios). Greece, from which Captain Deckers telegram was sent. Secretary Daniels wired for fuller information.” DETERMINE NOT TO BE INVOLVED Although without definite details as to just what occurred, high officials of the Washington government had no doubt that the Incident, no matter where the responsibility lay, would be udjusted promptly through diplomatic channels. President Wilson determined that under no circumstance shall the United States bo involved In war with Tui Key. On account of the slow cable com munication from Constantinople, no message concerning the Incident came from Ambassador Morgenthau. Wltn the navy's message as the only basis for judgment. President Wilson and admliystratlon officials were puzzled over what had occurred. The President telephoned Secretary Daniels several times during the day and also dis cussed the situation with Acting Sec retary Lansing. Two suggestions wevc vouchsafed by high officials, although they admitted their views were purely speculative. Tho firing, they thought, probably was a friendly act giving the custom ary warning by a single shot, signify ing to the Tennessee’s launch that the port of Smyrna was mined and closed, or else the boat was turned back oa caiiBe it attempted to enter without p.'ivlous arrangement with the Turkish authorities. FIRING NOT AN UNFRIENDLY ACT Officials declined to believe the fir ing was an unfriendly or hostllo act Assurances given by the Porte have re peatedly pledged protection and closest friendship for American citizens. How ever, when the American warships first v-ent to the Mediterranean Turkey was ut peace. Since then the United States has taken over the diplomatic Inter ests,of Great Britain and France, with whote the Porte is at war—a circum stance fraught with delicate responsi bilities. Kfforts on the part of some Moham medan leaders In Turkey to start a "holy war" have made Americans as well as British and French subject;) apprehensive. The American consul at Smyrna reported his fears to Ambas sador Morgenthau. under whose in structions the two warships have been moving about in Turkish watera Twice the Ottoman government has warned the United States that the port of Smyrna was mined and for this rea son the Tennessee. It is understood, has stood off at Vourlah. 10 miles • way, while her launch started for the •hare to Investigate conditions at the consulate. Regardless of whether or not Smyrna Is a closed port, under the regulations of the United States navy, Captain Decker would be Justified in seeking to enter the harbor to ascertain the facts with reference to the American consulate and Its cltlaens. These regulations virtually woulc oblige Captain Decker to communicati with the American consul at Smyrni If he had learned thut the consulate was threatened, using his launch If nec essary, regardless of whether the por1 was closed. That Captain Decker did not persist fn his attempt to enter was indicate) by tho fact that his message said he left at the request of the ambassador who, it is presumed here, thought II advisable to withdraw the ship untii a better understanding could b< reached. It Is believed also that if th< consulate were In grave danger thi Tennessee would not have left for Gre cian waters. Orders to the commanders of thi Tennessee and the North Carolina to re frain from taking steps which might em barrass the Washington government until specific Instructions could be giver followed careful consideration here ol (Continued on Page Seven.) RUSSIA ABSOLUTELY "DRY” REMARKABLE CHANGE JPEOPLE Spiritous Liquors Vanish Completely Under Royal Edict—Effect Startling Over Country Petrograd, November l&*—- Actual mi«l complete prohibition la In force today throughout the entire Rnamlan empire and not a drop of vodka, wlil»ky, brandy, gin or any other atrong drink la obtainable from one cud to the other of an aren populate*! by 150,000,000 people nnd comprising one-sixth of the habitable globe. In every foot of Russian territory the word prohibition is taken literally. It does not mean a partially successful attempt to curtain liquor consumption, resulting: In drinking in secret places, abuse of medi cal licenses and general evasion and sub terfuge. It does mean that a vast popula tion who consumed $1,000,000,000 worth of vodka a year, whose ordinary condition has been described by Russians them selves as ranging from a slight degree of stimulation upward, has been lifted al most in one day to sobriety. On that day when the mobilization be gan policemen visited every public place where vodka is sold, locked up the sup ply of the liquor, which is almost pure alcohol, and placed on the shop the im perial seal. Since the manufacture and sale of vodka is a government monopoly, it Is not difficult to enforce prohibition and from the day the shops were closed drunkenness vanished. Results Already Seen The results already are seen in the peasantry. They arc beginning to look like a different race. Marks of. suffering, the pinched looks of illness and Improper nourishment have gone from their faces. Their clothes are cleaner and both men and women appear more neatly and bet ter dressed. Homes of the poor, form erly destitute, now present something like order and thrift. In Petrograd and Moscow the effect Is fairly startling.. On holidays Inebriates al ways filled the police stations and often lay about In the streets. Today unattend ed women may pass at night through por tions of these cities where It formerly was dangerous for men. Minor crimes and misdemeanors have almost vanished. This miracle virtually has been accom plished by one man. He Is Michael D. Tc elisheff, a peasant by birth, originally a house painter by profession, then mayor of the city of Samar*, and now a mil lionaire. Physically he Is a giant, standing over six feet four Inches. Although oi years old, his movements display the en ergy of youth, his eyes are animated, and Iris black hair Is not tinged by gray. In Petrograd Mr. Tchellsheff goes about clad In a blue blouse with a tasselled glr die and baggy black breeches tucked Into heavy boots. He offers his visitors tea and fruit. Reared In Small Village Speaking today to a representative of’ th- Associated Press of what he accom plished for sobriety In Russia. Mr. Tcbel lsheff said: "I was reared In a small Russian vil lage without schools. 1 picked up an education from old newspapers and stray books. One day I chanced upon a book which treated of alcohol. It stated that vodka was a poison. I was so Impressed, knowing that everybody drank vodka, that I asked the first physician I met If the statement was true. He said yes. I (Continued on Pave Seven.) BRITISH TRANSPORT SUNK BY GERMANS, REPORT Crown of Galicia Destroyed, According to Rumor at Valparaiso Rumor—Crew Reported Saved by German Steamer Rhakolis Valparaiso, Chile, November IS.—There Cre persistent rumors here that the Brit ish transport Crown of Galicia has been attacked by German cruisers and been Itber the vessel tew or by the The crew of the transport. It Is ssld. was saved and will be landed at Valparai so by tl)e German steamer Rhakotls of the Kosmos Hoe. The Crown of Galicia was a steamer of 4&a tons. She was built In lflt and be longed to the-Crown Steamship company. hvdaskffc iflinaaaHE i I icniMtitr’s effort i federal reserve wf!^!S!Pi TOMDFHECanON 1 BANKS TO OPEN FOR men m business today V^^.~S!£5.,sr: I0SWMM —•2£SJ? "' ' ““ fa,u*“* _ . - 11 , —■ _Xo Start With Membership I >l« |r M »M*'I » . FDTURE IS CLEAR , j AND BRIGHT, SAYS ” PRESIDENT WILSON President Sums Up Indus* . 1 trial Outlook in Letter to \ MWdoo—Tl.ink* Well , •f New Bank Law ' 1 m.mp M4*i TiwciAL market’ General Business Outlook Is Much Improved—Money b Easier 'X n i t _— . — PULSE OF NATION'S FOREIGN bsSSSSHS commerce now showing I A stfatyy improvfmfwt “ ‘U^Tpir.£yj taports f J \ *• * “Mine ferta Shew Ixport* • S«r*' hum k>rj> ^3 " —r£> v* rn>« y.. i. — I - REDUCTION OF COTTON ACREAGE IS NECESSARY TO INCREASE IN PRICE, SAYS SECRETARY M’ADOO Diversification of Crops Is Necessary to Get Full Benefit of $135,000,000 ; Loan Fund, Says Secre tary of Treasury Washington. November IK—Although the 9135,900.000 eotlon loon fund has been completed, olUelnla of the fed eral reserve board anil the treasury department declared tonight that the aouth mnat introduce dlveralflcatton of crops and a reduction of cotton acreage next year to get the full ben efits from the fund and Insure a ma terial Increase In the price of raw cot ton for next ycar'a crop. Secretary Me Adoo In n statement tonight called thin -the other pressing and Important problem" with which the south mast deal. He urged the raining of other food products, which he predicted will find a ready market, particularly If the European war persists. "The southern farmer," said Mr. Me Adoo, "therefore, has an unusual op portunity now for changing existing methods and habits with certain profit and permanent benefit to himself." He suggested that the department of ag riculture would gladly outline methods of crop diversification suitable to dif ferent localities, and added that bank ers had an excellent opportunity to aid In this work by using their influ ence to direct the character of crops by OVER 500 LEPERS ARE IN THE UNITED STATES SAYS W. M. DANNIER Victims Scattered Throughout Seven teen States Is Claim—Speaks Be fore International Medical Conference Battle Creek, Mich., November 18.—'That there are more than 500 known lepers in this country, scattered throughout 17 states, was the assertion of W. M. Dan n er, American secretary to the mission for lepers, who la attending the Interna tional Medical Missionary conference in this city. Mr. Dannler advocated the es cabllahment of a national leprosarium. Dr. R. M. Wilson of Corea declared he regarded leprosy as a slighter menace in the United States than pullagra. Reports of advanced methods of treating leprosy were made. BEGIN COURTMARflAL OF DAVID BLAIR London, November 18.—(10:05 p. m.) Cjurt-martlal of Lieut. David Blair, navigation officer of the former Whlto Star' liner Oceanic, charged with re sponsibility for the vessel's loss thiough negligence was begun today at Devenport. The Oceanic, converted Into a cruiser, ran ashore on the coast of Scotland September 8. All her officers and crew were saved. SHIPMENT OF ARMS GOES THROUGH CANAL Panama. November IS.—What is be lieved to be a shipment of arms fer use in checking a revolutionary move ment on the Nicaraguan west coast passed through the Panama canal to day. It nr88 consigned from Blueflelds to the governor of the province of Leon. imposing "pfoper conditions” upon ad vances to farmers. Should Wake Up “The farmers of the south,” continued the statement, “ought to wake up to the importance of crop diversification. There never before was a tthio when they could wake up with such certain profit to themselves.” Members of the reserve board were inclined tonight to believe that present conditions point to a decided reduc tion in the cotton acreage through in 1 *ences outside the cotton producing states, and predicted that with acreage reduced cotton would go to a normal level next year. General supervision of the cotton loan fund will be under the federal reserve .'oaui members with the recently ap pointed cotton loan committee in ac tive charge of the work, according to announcement at the treasury tonight. The first meeting of this committee will be held in New York Friday morn ing. . •• McAdoo’s statement said in part: “The plan gives the cotton loan com mitiec power to appoint committees in each of the cotton producing states of Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina. a. s»outh Carolina, Texas and Tennessee to assist it in carrying on tut pirtcticaJ work. “While the creation of the cotton loan fund and its use under the plan, will have a far reaching and beneficial Influence upon the cotton and business situation, nevertheless the attention of ■ » itn should not be drawn away from the other pressing and important 1 problem with which it must intelligent ly and effectively deal, namely, a ma .* rial reduction of cotton acreage in 1916, and the raising of food products on a large part of the acreage hereto lore devoted to cotton. Not only will crop diversification help the prosper ity of the south, but the mere assur ance of a large decrease in the cotton crop next year will immediately en hance the value of the present crop. •The food products which the south >»•••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••< LORD ROBERTS’ BODY REACHES OLD HOME Special Train Carries Remains of the Great Soldier Home in Ascot, England Ascot, England, via London, November 18.—(7:10 p. m.)—Covered with the Union Jack and with his sword and service hat resting upon it, the coffin containing the body of Field Marshal Lord Roberts of Kandahar was placed toduy in the small room in his residence here in which the great soldier was wont to conduct fam ily prayers. The body arrived from Folkestone by special train. The ceremony which fol lowed was simple in the extreme. The coffin was borne to his home by employes of his estate. There a brief service at tended by Lady Roberts and her daugh ters and a few privileged friends was con ducted by the rector of Ascot. Britain Helps Belgians London, November 18.—(7:30 p. m.)—The foreign office announced today that the British government had contributed $500, 000 to the Belgian government for pur chase of foodstuffs for destitute Belgians. TODAY’S AGE-HERALD 1— Turkey must explRin Urine on American boat. Russia absolutely dry. Violent fighting on east frontier. Villa Marcl J.ig on Mexico City. 2— Pig Iron buying better. I—Reserve board grasps big duties. 4—Editorial comment. 8—Programme for Jobbers’ meeting announced. Deplores talk of tvar between U S. gnd Japan. Centrkf council bar association to meet. Bulgarian lion In hands of police. C—Society. 7—Extend degrees at Masonic reunion #—Markets 80—Baptists of state spend busy day. General Supervision of Loan Fund Will Be Under the Federal Reserve Board Members—To Meet Fri day can advantageously raise on a part of the cotton acreage will find a ready market at profitable prices oven If the south itself cannot absorb them with greater advantage than by buying sup plies from neighboring states. If the war in Europe is protracted the de mand for foodstuffs will grow in volume and intensity and must be supplied in large part by this country. The recent ly expressed views of the Secretary of Agriculture on this subject should be read by every farmer in the soutfi. The department of agriculture will gladly give information to the farmers of the south about the best means and methods of crop diversification suita ble to the conditions of each locality. "The bankers also have an excep tional opportunity to aid in this com mendable work. They can, in large measure, influence the character of crops by imposing proper conditions upon the advances they may make to Hi* farmers. Where the bankers are not dealing direct with the farmers, the merchant who supplies the necessary c*edits can exert the necessary in fluences. I earnestly hope that the farrrters.Hhe bankers and the merchants in the south will co-operate with each other for the purpose of materially re ducing the cotton crop in 1915 and se m satisfactory crop diversifica tion. Not only should the southern farm »»iant mod crops, but he can raise rattle and poultry with great benefit to himself and the country at large. He cannot do this, however, unless he re duces cotton acreage and raises food supplies." •••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••*••••««•••••••• CARDINAL MERCIER APPEALS FOR AID FOR STARVING PEOPLE rwelre Thousand Dependent on Char ity in Malines Alone, He Says, In Message to American Relief Commiaaion London, November 18.—(7 p. m.)—Cardi nal Francois Joseph Mercler of Malines, primate of Belgium, today sent an appeal to the American commission for Belgian relief for assistance for his starving parishioners. In Malines alone, the cardinal says, 12,0uG mouths have to be fed daily. In his tele gram to Capt. C. F. Lucey of the Amer-' lean commission the Belgian prelate says: “Children come to the German soldiers 1 and tear bread from their hands (the sol- j dlers divide their bread with them); they arc* really famished. “Every stranger is surrounded by a great number of women and children beg ging him for something to eat. There is hardly a single laborer who can find any work to gain his dally bread.” THREE INJURElTlN AUTO ACCIDENT Eufaulu, November 18.— (Special.) G. Ernest Jones, editor of the Clio Free Press and state senator-elect from Barbour county, and Miss Lillian Gore and Miss Baxter of Clio were serious ly Injured tonight when the automobile In which they were driving to Clayton struck an obstruction In the road, ran Into a ditch and turned turtle. The three were pinned under the machine and It was sometime before they could be extricated. Miss Gore’s spine was Injured, Miss Baxter wns badly bruised and Senator Jones sustained a broken wrist and cheek bone. They were taken to Calhoun In an automobile and are reported to bo resting well. VIOLENT FIGHTING CONTINUES ALONG EAST BATTLE LINES Germans Begin Terrific Cannonade On Allies’ Lines Along River Lys, But Make No Progress—Kaiser’s Troops Turn and Face Russian Hordes FRANCE Paris, November 18.— (10:38 p. m-)—The following official communica tion was issued tonight: "The day has been marked by a very violent and almost uninterrupted cannonade on our front In the north. "In the region of St. Mihiel the Germans have blown up the west part of Chauvincourt, which they had mined. “There is nothing to report from the other parts of the front.” RUSSIA Petrograd, November 18.—The following statement was issued this even ing by the general staff of the Russian navy: "On the morning of November 17 a German squadron of two cruisers, 10 torpedo boats and several other steamers appeared 'jefore Libau. The Ger mans bombarded the city and harbor, setting fire to several buildings. “The »»f tiny. very early. »he Itnaatan IIlurk urn fleet, which hi.,I been rriilnlnsc off TrehUoml. ateanicil clone to the town anil liomharileil the harbor anil hnrrncka anil aet on fire hullilliiKN i.li.nu the coast ">« Turkish ahlpa were alichteil off the const.” London, November 18.—(9:30 p. m.)—The latest official communication re garding operations on western battlefields are much the same as those of preceding days. There has been fighting virtually all along the front, but with out appreciable change in the situation. VILLA AT HEAD OF r . First Important Clash Of New Revolution Expected at Queretaro—Condi tions Serious Y\ «nIilug-ton. November is.—Gen. Francisco Yllln, commanding troops under control of the AgiiaM t ollentcs convention. In marching on Mexico City. HIn army today reached Leon, th«* flrMt Important rnllroail center Mouth of Agnoa 1'nllentcN. General Pablo Gonzales' Carranza forces are at Queretaro and Irapuato, where the first important clash between General Carranza and the convention probably will occur. These facts were reported today by George O. Carrothers, American con sular agent, accompanying General Villa. Carrothers declared Villa w'as w'ell equipped for the march. American Consul Stillman telegraphed that conditions were l’ar more serious' In Mexico City than at any time since the parleys for peace begun. Ho regards actual hostilities as Inevitable, though some generals still are trying to patch up differences. General Carranza, according to mes sages from Mr. Sllliman and Leon Ca nova, special agent at Aguas Calientes, declared that he had been misunder stood, that he never Intended to de liver the executive power except to some man of his own selection. Officials here tonight believed Gen. Eulallo Gutierrez, chosen provisional President by the convention, had or dered a general attack on Carranza garrisons. Gutierrez controls nothorn Mexico and General Villa's advance guard Is within 200 miles of the Mex ican capital. One column of convention forces is moving eastward from San Luis Potosi to Tampico. Another 1h endeavoring to cut off the forces of Generul Jesus Carranza at Puerto Mexico. An engage ment at Julie, near Puerto Mexico, was reported today by American Consul Canada. Gen. Jose Carbajal, a Villa commander, w'as killed. Whether or not ex-federal forces un der Gen. Higlno Aguila and Argumedo, which threaten Puebla, are working In harmony with General Villa is not known but renewed attacks on the Carranza lines by Zapata troops are expected. Soldiers Leaving Mexico City. November 18.—Train loads of artillery from General Obre gon's forces have left for the north us a preliminary step In the campaign against Gen. Francisco Villa. In a statement today General Obregon said: "The northern forces have violate 1 every armistice and promise. I con aider that all efforts to settle the pres ent trouble without resort to arms as uuelesB. My command Is ready to fight again In defense of the principles for which we have been fighting for the past three years. “1 have all of my artillery on trains * 1 win me uv/n.ik r iuimt i n to uiQ rtiver Lya on tho Franco-Bel Van lairder, much of which has been flooded by tho aHles to hinder German attacks, there has been a repetition on a somewhat smaller scale of the bombardment which the Invaders invariably resort to In the hope of break ing down tho allies’ resistance before in fantry attacks and In isolated attacks in force, but according to tho French and British reports all those have been re pulsed. The Anglo-French forces, which have been holding territory around Ypres, again have been subjected to determined at tacks, fresit German troops having at tempted to force the allies out of their trenches. Ah was tho case with the Prussian guard, tho Germans who made the latest effort appear to havo taken the first lino of trenches, but like the guards were compelled to give back tho ground after holding it for a short time. Both Sides Lose Heavily Both sides, as shown by casualty lists, aro losing heavily, but the Germans, on the offensive, and so often enfiladed after success was nearly in their hands, arc said to have suffered enormously. The French Zouaves, who frequently have distinguished themselves by dashing charges, have been utilised uguln to dir lodge tho Germans from a rosltion near Blxschoote, over which there lias been much lighting, and according to tho French statement they again have been successful. These incidents merely are examples of what has been occurring in northern France, along the Alsne valley, around Heims, In the Argonne forest and on tue banks of the River Meuse. First one side and then the other gains uu advan tage, but when all 1h told the general sit uation remains about as it was. Reports from France that the Germans arc preparing to make another attempt to get through to the coast by way of Lti Bassee lack confirmation. In the east the Germans and Austrians havo turned, utter their retreat, to face the Russians in Fast Prussia, in Poland and before Cracow. Each of these regions prcbably will provide a big battle, but tho most important will be that In Po land, where the Germans are sending their strongest and best armies. Concerning the lighting in tho Balkans and the near oast only scraps of infor mation reach the outside world, in South / Africa, Gen. Luis Botha, communder-ln- *,/ chief of the defense forces, reports tho breaking up of uddillonul rebel com* niendoos and the capture of guns, ammu nition and provisions. The Karl oL Crewe disclosed in ths House of Lord' today that in Fast Africa Indian troops are being employed against the Germans. That there has teen heavy lighting is shown by the fact that th# British casualties to date total 900. Austrians Capture Trains \ London, November la.—(8:40 p. m.)—'T&s following wireless was received this even- " * mg from Berlin by the Mureoni company: "In the latest lighting against the Ser vians the Austrians captured 42 guns and 31 machine guns. "After three days’ lighting the Aus trians defeated the Montenegrins near Frnbowr. The Servians now are concen trating three divisions in fortified positions south of Belgrade. "It is reported that Artnentlerca. France, has been bombarded." and my troops are ready to entrain at a moment’s notice. We will leave for the north shortly." Large bodies of troops left today for the suburbs of Xoclitmilo for an ad vance against Kmilano Zapata’s men, v ho threaten the capital. RUSSIANS FORCED BACK BY GERMAN OFFENSIVE Advance Guards of Czar’s Army Defeated Between Vistula and Warthe Rivers—Russians Continue to Make Progress In Galacia Fetrograd. November 18.—The fol lowing official communication from general headquarters was Issued to night: “Between the Vistula and the Wartho our advance guards in an engagement with the Germans, who took the of fensive, fell back in the direction of Buoure. The enemy succeeded in gam ing a footing In the region of Lientch llza (Benczyca) and Orloff. throwing out advance guards in the direction of Piontek. “In blast Prussia our troops continue to make progress and fighting is go ing. on near the aumhinran-Angerburg front, which the enemy is defending. “In the trenches which we captured near Varschlagheu the enemy aban doned more than 300 >Uad. Among the officers whom we toolt prisoner here was an artillery officer sent to the In fantry because of a lack of officers tor that branch. “On the front along the Masurian lakes our troops reached the wlro en tanglements of the enemy's position and forced them. On tile front between t'zenstochowa and Cracow we have at tacked Important forces of the enemy, detachments of which, operating at Ladovltze. were routed. , “In Galicia we have occupied sue cesefully the passes user the Car pathians. “In the Black seat our fleet has bombarded the barracks and radio tel egraph station at TreUlsond."