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I THE BIRMINGHAM AGE-HERALD_
W VOLUME XXXXIV BIRMINGHAM, ALABAMA, MONDAY, JANUARY 4, 1915 NUMBER 243 >=---- - ■ ■ ■—----- =^= ! WORST FLOOD EUROPE HAS EXPERIENCED IN YEARS PLAYS HAVOC WITH WAR OPERATIONS I_____::I I LARGE SCALE BEING INTERFERED WITH BY RAINY JEATHER Heavy Artillery Attacks From Sea and Occasional Infantry Engagements Little Effective GERMANS CAPTURE RUSSIAN POSITIONS; FRENCH ADVANCING Rumored Balkan States Are Preparing to Enter Con flict—Turks Claim Vic tory Over Russians liOndoB, January iL—(0:40 p. m.) The extremely rainy winter, the worst Europe has experienced In years, has caused floods In the river valleys of the continent which have prevented nay operations on a large scale on the western battle front and seriously In terfered with those la the east. There have been heavy artillery en gagements from the sea to the Swiss borders and occasional attacks by the Infantry of the opposing armies, which, when not repulsed, have added a few yards to the territory in the possession of the attacking force, but have always proved costly adventures. The French have gained a little ground foe tv; Albert and Roye, just north of the l nt where the line turns eastward, knd east of Rheims and southwest of PVerdun, where attempts to make unten able the German positions at St. Mihlel, ran the Meuse, are proceeding slowly. They also have made some advance In Alsace, but have suffered a repulse to the norm west of St. Menehould. Capture Position In the east the Germans have captured the important Russian position at Bor plmow, but elsewhere have been unable r.' make " .ndway. The Russians as de ker.ders ot well fortified positions are aid ed by muddy roads, which hinder the Berman movements. Tlie Austrians claim to have checked the Russian advance near Gorlice, on khe South Galician railway, taut apparent ly the battle there has not yet been con cluded. The Russians have taken the Austrian poslti* us near Uzsok pass, which should [open another entrance for them through she Carpathians into Hungary, while the [Austrian retreat In Bukowiua is described by the Russians as a rout. I The Turks have crossed the Russian [border in the Caucasus and, according to [Constantinople, have defeated the Rjissian [garrison at Ardnlin. They are, however, [displaying anxiety for their remaining possessions in Europe by feverishly for klfying the whole coast line. What they pear is not disclosed, for it Ib considered [hardly possible for the allies to land a [sufficient force to prove a menace to [them. It Is possible they anticipate an Invasion from another source. | Balkan Agitation I Indications again point to the possibil ity that, the Balkun states which now are peutral may take a ha id in the war. [The Greek finance minis, i has declared lirtece is making preparatioi to main lain the new territories which .e gained In tile Balkan wars from Turkey and Bul garia, but that she has more to fear from [Bulgaria than Turkey. It Is not thought Ltoi.mania can look on calmly while the [Russians advance toward Transylvania, kna it is expected she will join Russia knd try to secure the much coveted east ern province of Austria-Hungary. I Throughout the British empire Interces sion services were held today for suc cess of the allies' arms. Many of the [sermons embodied exhortations to the pc ung men to join the army. King George | (Continued on Page Two) ings Destroyed—Trains Held Up Philadelphia, January 3.—Fire caused nore than a million dollars damage to lay In Philadelphia and Camden. Penn lylvanla railroad trains were held up nore than an hour and a half by the lames, which destroyed a lumber yard tnd 17 dwellings in North Philadelphia, rhlle traffic on the Philadelphia and Heading road from Camden. N. J„ was liscontinued by a fire which destroyed the station there and damaged a lumber Kard and the John Dialogue shipbuild ng plant Four flremen were Injured it Camden and 50 overcome by smoke in ;hla city. The origin of the Are in North Phlla lelphla. where more than $600,000 dam ^re was done, Is unknown. Flames were llscovered ahortly after 8 o clock In the lumber yard. Twenty-one Are compinle* were engaged there, while four others ^Bvent to the assistance of the Can.Jen Htepartmenh A lighted cigaratte is believed to have Bttrted the Are In tne Camden rail ^Foad station. Four parlor cars'and 21 Basse nger coaches were destroyed be fera locomotives could pull them from burning building. CONSCRIPTION FOR ENGLAND RUMORED * \ Parliamentary Secretary to the Admiriality Says England’s Young Men Who Are Not Answering Country’s Call May Be Forced Into Service London. January 3.— (6:45 p. m.)—A templates conscription for increasing Thcmas J. Maenamara. parlimentary s ing at Browning settlement this aftern London. January 3.—(3:45 p. m.) Referring to the fact there were many thousands of young men without de pendents who had not answered iheir call to the colors, Mr. MacNamara said: “If they think they are going to en joy a life of freedom at the other fel »#••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••*•••••••••••• hint that the British government con-1 the army and navy was dropped by scretary to the admiralty, while •peak ion, low's expense, they won't enjoy it much longer.” As the result of six open air meet ings at Cardigg, addressed by wound ed soldiers, there was an extraordi nary rush to the recruiting offices last evening and the recry4ting officers were kept busy until *• midnight. IMIMIHMMMHIMaHHUtr ••••••••••••••» NEUTRAL COMMERCE PROBLEM EXPECTED TO BE CLEARED SOON British Reply to American Note Will Expedite Deci sion of Scores of Spe cial Cases Washington, January 3.—Officials expect the coming week to clear away much of the present uncertainty over seizure of American cargoes and ships by the allies. Great Britain’s reply to the American note of protest probably will expedite decision of scores of spe cial cases. The dispatch of the protest covering the general situation has for the mo ment sidetracked some of the individual cases. Sir Cecil Spring-Rice, the Brit ish ambassador, who has been conduct ing most of the negotiation in this connection, has not been at the state department since news of the sending of the note was made public. It *s be lieved that pending the deliberations of the British government on the gen eral subject of neutral commerce he Is awaiting further instructions before eohtlnvias iiifi <br%/'i . .rr. A ieelim, of confidence prow.. n all sides that an amicable adjustment will be reached. will Recognize Position President Wilson and his advisers believe Great Britain will recognize that tlie position of the United States does not differ from that whiea Great Britain herself repeatedly has main tained in previous wars In which Eng land was a neutral. State department officials say the archives of diplomatic correspondence concerning the rights of neutrals are filled with cases and principles thoroughly justifying the American contentions. They point* out, for example, that much more drastical ly phrased notes were sent by England to Russia when the latter was at war with Japan. Not only did England de - clare foodstuffs must be shown to be for the use of an army or navy, but specific protest was entered "against the doctrine that it is for the bellig erents to decide that certain articles or classes or articles ure, as a matter of course, to be dealt witli as contra band of war, regardless of the well es tablished rights of neutrals." Another Communication In another communication between England and Russia during the aamo war the former declared that “unless some steps are taken by the Russian government to restrain their navel au thorities from tile Indiscriminate mo lestation of neutral traders, the amount of compensation for which the Rus siau government will find itself liable may assume no small proportions. It is necessary that they should realize that it Ib rapidly assuming shape It: which it will be Impossible for the government of this country to rest content with the prospect of obtain ing pecuniary compensation for the sufferers. The situation which has arisen has Indeed become one of the utmost gravity.” Reports of the finding of rubber man ifested as “gum" in the cargo of the steamship Sendford are understood to have virtually halted negotiations in progress in Bondon with the object of obtaining modification of the embargo against exportation of rubber irom British possessions. The vessel carried a cargo from the United States to neu tral ports. The British government has taken the position that the rubber probably was destined for Germany. The British embassy tonight issued its first statement on the shipping sit uation since the publication of the American note. It cleared up one oolnt cn which the United States had asked for Information by announcing that turpentine and rosin shipped from this country before those articles were de clared contraband would be paid for when seized. The statement said: “Turpentine and rosin shipped before the publication of the order placing them on the contraband list will be raid for. "All cargoes for Italy have been held up at Gibraltar since December 4. Italian shins harrying cargoes of com modities 6f which export from Italy is prohibited are not Interfered with mi ll ss there Is clear evidence of frau dulent Intentions on the part of ship pers. "Negotiations are proceeding in Bon bon with a view to the removal of the embargo on rubber against a pledge not to export, similar to tli-11 arrange** with regard to German aniline dyes. The negotiations have been retard*d by the discovery of shipments of rubber fenm the United States to Europe under disguise.” P*fr»!ii From Comment Stockholm. January 3.—(Via Bondon) Swedish newspapers thus far have re frained, at the suggestion of the gov ernment, from making comments re garding the Americnn protest against the British attitude toward neutral trade. However, they have quoted fully the English and American papers, es pecially declarations that there Will be no rupture of good relations between the United Slates and England. • * ! Prominent Troy Citizen Is Horribly Mangled When Struck By Fast Express. Wife May Die Troy, January S.—(Special.)—.Mor gan Stinnett, one of the most promi nent citizens of this county, was In ntnntly killed and his wife painfully. If not fatally. Injured at an early hoar this morning when the month-1 bound passenger train No. 1 struck the two as they were crossing the tracks In front of the station to board another train. Mr. and Mrs. Stinnett were going to Wales, Tenn., to visit his brother, and had Just purchased their tickets and left the ticket window and started for the accommodation which was coming from the south on the east track. The ticket agent law them start and knew that No. 1 was fast aproaehing on the west track from the north and was then under the sheds, and he ran to the office door to warn them not to at tempt to cross. Mr. and Mrs. Stinnett did not see the fast oxpress and started \;rd. v»! c-tlv oit reached the side and his wife was caught on the west side of the track, and both were hurled forward. Mr. .Stinnett’s head was was severed from his body, both arms cut olT and both legs severed and his face ground to a pulp. His wife sustained the loss of an arm and was otherwise seriously and perhaps fatally injured. The en gineer brought the train to a stop in the distance of two rails, and the train was backed and the remains of Mr. Stinnett gathered up and the body of his wife removed to the waiting room, where medical attention soon reached her. She was taken immediately home. Mr. Stinnett is a member of one of the oldest and most prominent families In the county, and leaves besides his widow a number of children, several brothers and sisters. Big Fire In Florida Jacksonville, Fla., January 3.—Fire in the business district here early to day practically destroyed the Dyal Upchurch building, a six-story struc ture in which was located the United States bureau. The loss is approximate ly $150,000. The origin of the Are is unknown. TODAY’S AGE-HERALD 1— Had weather handicaps war activities. Troy man killed by train. German chancellor discusses war. Jesus Carranza’s staff shot. 2— Attorney a rested on conspiracy charge makes bond. 8- English ship to test out route. 4— Editorial comment. 5— Judge Greene dies. Coroner wants to know what is to be ddne for him. Newspaper club to entertain legisla ture. John C. Burgln critically ill. 6— With Birmingham's traveling sales men. 7— Markets. 8— Ship purchase bill next problem for Senate. •••••••••••••••••••a•••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••! AUSTRIA’S NAVAL BASE BOMBARDED It is announced from London that more than 30 French and British warships have bom barded the Austrian seaports of Pola and Rovigno. Pola is the principal naval Harbor and arsenal of Austria. It is almost completely landlocked, and an extensive system of fortifi cations defends its entrance. OFFICIAL WAR STATEMENT FRANCE Paris. January 3.—(2:45 p. nO—Tbia afternoon's official communication says: "During the day of January 2 we strengthened the position north of the Lys gained during preceding days. The enemy has shown activity only In the region of Zonnebeke. which he has violently bombarded From the Lys to Arras there Is almost complete quiet. "There was an artillery engagement in the region of Albert and Roye and our infantry advanced some GOO metres near La Bolsselle. "From the Oise to the Meuse on the plateau of Touvent our heavy ar tillery has demolished several fortifi cations from which the enemy was ha rassing our tappers. "Spirited artillery duels have taken place to the west and to the east of Craonne. Near Perthes-Lea-Hurlus we have progressed about 300 metres. < Near Beausejour there has been In fantry fighting in which we have in flicted serious losses. "The Germans have launched two attacks without success In the forest of Iai Grurie. Everywhere on all this portion of the front the artillery has sl own great activity. "In the region of Verdun and on the heights of the Mouse there was an artillery duel. We have again gaJned a little ground in the forest of Sou thern northeast of Troyon. and in the forest ot' Le Petre, northwest of Pont-a-Mousson. "In the Vosges we have occupied one of the enemy's trenches. "Artillery engagements have taken place in the Ban-De-Sapt and in the valley of the Favo. In Upper Alsace our former gains in the region of Thanti have been main tained. We bombarded a German train in the station at Altkirch and caused some damage on the railway between Carspach and Pierspaoh, to the south west of Altkirch. The perceptible abatement In our ac tive offensive should he atributed to the Incessant rains which soak the ground and make operations every where almost impossible." I-1 RUSSIA Pclrograd, December 3.—This statement was Issued today by army headquarters: “On the Bzura and Riovka rivers x\e are continuing the successful rep ae of German attacks in spite of i e enemy’s heavy artillery fire and ^»o^.ib throwing. ‘‘Oh the road to Wloszoxowa, in the Klelce region at the village of Lopuszno, on December 31, Ger man troops, after a stubborn bat tle. took possession of a portion of our trenches, but a later coun ter attack forced the enemy to abandon all the trendies previous ly occupied. We captured several hundred prisoners and nine ma chine guns. “In western Galicia fighting continues in the region of Gorlice. In the region of Oolujolc wo occu pied Austrian positions where we took as many as a thousand pris oners. “The Austrian retreat in Buk owina before our troops has taken the character of a great rout.’ I GERMANY Berlin, January 3.—(By wireless via London 3:20 p. m.)—The army head quarters statement today says: “Some of the enemy’s ships, accom panied by torpedo boats, appeared off Weitonde, Belgium, yesterday after noon without firing. “On the whole of the western front artillery fights took place. An Infantry attack by the enemy north of 8te. Men ehould, in the Argonne forest, was beaten off with severe losses to the French. “In East Prussia and in North Poland there is no change in the situation. “To the west of the Vistula our troops took a specially strength ened point du’appul of the Russians at Borjlmow after several days of very hard fighting in which we captured 1000 prisoners and six ma (Continued on Page Fight.) TRAGEDY OF LOVE BARES DU Alfa, LIFE OF LAWYER i — . -.■ ■■' - .... — ..- - MfcS. !QA ROGERS Both his wife and "the other woman" knew of the double life of Lorlys LI ton Rogers, a prominent attorney of New York city, it was stated at Lebanon hospital, in New York city, where the woman, known as Mtb. Ida .Spiffen Rogers, lay dying of bichloride of mercury poisoning. In the same hospital their son, John, 2^fe years old, also was dying, while their daughter, Lor id a, 8 months old, died as a result of the poison administered by the mother. That Mrs. Caroline Glddings Rogers had known for several years of her husband's relations with the other woman who bears Rogers’ name was asserted by Dr. W. Grant Hague, tor three years the family physician of the woman who took poison. Nor was "the other woman" in ignoranco of tho fact that Rogers was married and that he had been married once oeiorc auu then divorced. Mrs. Ida Rogers, It is said, is from a prominent family of Alabama. ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••a BUSINESS SITUATION GENERALLY BETTER Chamber of Commerce of United States Issues Statement On Widespread Effect of War On American Industry—Economy Prevails Among All Classes Washington, Janaury 8.— Business conditions are describod as "generally reassuring" by the Chamber of Com merce of the United Stales in a report made public today. The report adds, however, that the Wur had had a wide spread and depressing effect ou Indus try. "Economy naturally prevails among all classes," says the report, "though remarks have been noted that this docs not extend to automobiles. Future de livery goods purchased are smaller and collections uniformly poor, but lately a marked change has been noted in a lessening of difficulty in obtaining; bank loans and In un easing of intercut, rates. Conditions In Ihe south, while slowly improving, still present a serious problem." Crops in general, the report adds, hate been good, but tho cattle Industry confronts s< rlno» . handicap* in dif ficulty In obtaining loans on cattle, and the foot and mouth disease Quarantine. The sheep and wool Industry is excel lent but general mining conditions ate poor. •Many idle factories are reported as preparing to resume operation, [auk of building, however, has caused many lumber mills to close and others to run on short time. MOST OF STAFF OF JESUS CARRANZA IS REPORp KILLED Brother of Venuistano Car ranza Is a* Prisoner On the Isthmus of Te hauntepec Vera Cruz, January 3.—Gen. .lesun Carranza, brother of Venuistano Car ranza, is being held prisoner by the rebel General Santlhanez on the isthmus of Tehuantepec, according to advices from reliable sources. General S.inti bancz shot Carranza^s entire staff ex cept his son, Abelardo Carranza, and Ignacio Peraldi. They also are held captives. The executions took place after Gen. (Continued on Page Two) •••••••••••••■••••■•••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••at BELGIAN CITIZENS CRUELLY TREATED Body Investigating; Alleged German Brutality In Bel gium Reports to Secre tary Bryan Washington, January 3.—Recent tlnd ings of the Belgian commission inves tigating alleged German violations of the usages of war have been present «d to Secretary Bryan and were .mule public here tonight by Einmamn I Havcnlth, the Belgian minister. The re port asserts that “Belgian civilians have been wantonly shot and Belgian towns ruthlessly destroyed systemat ically and by order of German com panding officers." Proclamations by high Gentian of ficers are quoted in support o»: the findings. One said to have been issued at Liege by General Von Bueiow. nti <r stating that the inhabitants of ,\i - dennes had tingle a surprise attack upon German troops, is quoted us au r.ou ncing: "it is with my consent that the com mander in chief has ordered tin whole town to be burned and that about lOt* people have been shot. 1 bring this fact to the knowledge of the city of Liege to that the citizens may realize the late with which they arc menaced if they adopt a similar resistance." Summing up its report, the commis sion says: "After such proclamations, who will b«* surprised at the murders, arson, pillage and destruction committed by the German army wherever they met with resistance? “If a German army corps or patroll ing party is received at the entrance to n village by a volley from soldfeis of the regular troops who are afterward forced fo retire, the whole popula tion Is held responsible. The civilians ere accused of having fired or having co-operated In the defense, and, with out Inquiry, the place is given over to pillage and flames, and a part ot the inhabitants are massacred. "The odious acts committed in all parts of the country have a general character, throwing the responsibility upon the whole German army. It is simply the application of a precon ceived system, the carrying out of in structions, which have made the ene my’s troops In Belgium ‘a horde of bar barians and a hand of incendiaries.’" Dr. KRaii* Hanssen Dead Christiania. December 25.—(Corre spondence of the Associated Press.)—Dr. Klaus Hanssen. famous as a physician In Norway and a leader In the light against tuberculosis, is dead at Bergen. He was 71 years old. Dr. Hanssen was the chief physician of the Municipal hospital at Bergen and a Fellow of the Norwegian Academy of Medicine. CHANCELLOR TELLS HOW GERMANY FEELS ABOUT PRESENT WAR I)r. Yon Bethmann-Hollweg Frankly Discusses Exsit ing Conditions SAYS ENGLAND IS RESPONSIBLE Confident of Cltimnte (ierntan Victory But l liable to Predict the l.onprth of War—Friendly Toward America Berlin, December 1M.—-< t ori'eftpoud* nice of \M«oelnfed l*re«m.>—The im perial chancellor. Dr. \on lletliniunn Hollnrg, loilny ill<MiiNNed frankly wltli n correspondent of the \«soclnteil Press the llclulnn relief Mituntion. the eon trn band quentlon, indiiMtri.il Ger many’* ndiifit nt Ion to unr condition*, tiermnu.Ps Nentlnieut louiini her ene mle* nnd toward V merles, nnd the iltienflon of rcNpoiiMililllty for the wnr, which lie nttrlliuteM to Great Hrifnlo. "I did not wnnt thin u«r,’ lie snid wltli Mtrlklnu emiihnnlM. “We (•criuniii do not eherlnh hate." Four months and a half of war have not passed lightly over the chancellor. With grizzled, close-cropped hoard nnd clad in the uniform of a lieutenant general, ho scorned much older than the scholarly, frock-coated statesman of Reichstag de bates. His face and eyes show signs of great strain. Ho spoke with conibU u» e of ultimate German victory, hut a weary, expressive shrug of the shoulders was his answer tv> a query as to the possible duration of tho war. lie hail only this afternoon re ceived word that Ids son, a young cav alry lieutenant, had boon bndlj wounded ami captured in Poland. Of that, how ever. lie made no mention when stating that the situation in the east appeared very favorable. The interview took place in the recep tion room of the historic * ’laineeUor’S mansion, in Wilhelm strasse, around which cluster memories of Bismarck, Caprivi, Hohenlohc and Buelow. A por trait of Emperor William, inscribed with words of warm appreciation, stood on the <l.i.. News Conditions The conversation turn'd first to uc\.a cm rfiUony, sjnrt dlfi'icdHe* of > uttnjc file German viewpoint to A.n«*il«an read* era owing to British and French control of tin: cables. TIiIh IJu* chancellor re gretted. Mo felt it a great injustice. "We. shall." remarked the chancellor, "shortly issue full reports «»f the earlier battles; for example, the battle of Tan nenberg. that on the Masurian lakes and • , the buttle on the Marne." To a remark on how little was known abmad concerning Tannenberg he rejoined quickly: "One of the greatest buttles in history. One of tin* greatest ? The great est, 1 should say.” "Is there any truth,” lie was asked, "in intimations that Germany is hampering shipment of provisions to Belgium, and what is the attitude of your government toward the American relief work there?" "We are doing everything can to assist it and are giving of can* own sup plies," he said. "We arc very grateful to the Americans for it. Horry For Belgian** "Wo are ver> sorry for tin* Belgians. A.v to our attitude on Belgian neutrality, l '< have spoken at length in the Itelehstag. You have seen the documents published in the North German Gazette, which show that Belgium hud abandoned its own neu trality long before the war." As to contraband the chancellor main tained that British regulations hud been diiected not so much at absolute contra band in war materials .is to raw stuffs for German Industries and at provisions, with the Idea of starving out ami ruining Germany economically. Germany, he add ed. was prepared to meet the situation. "You have been here and have seen conditions," he continued. We huvo en« ugh. we run get along. Popper, oil, rubber, we shall have enough of all. Brit ish restrictions on trade ate hurting ueu tru states more than they me Germany, They have uf fee ted the United .Suites, linvi they not? "One remarkable feature of the war has been the adaptability of German Industries. You have seen the way in which plie bus been readjusting her in dustries from peace purposes to 'hose of war. Oh, we liavo enough," he re pented in dismissing the subject.. "What about financing the war?" "There Is no trouble about that. You (Continued on Chicago Professor Weds the President’s Daughter and Must Resign Job Chicago, January 3.—Judge EJ"field Fraser, controller of the University of Illinois and professor of public ac counting, has lost his position through v inning as his wife Miss Helen Jnme«, , daughter of Kdrnund James, president- ' of the university. President James an nounced today that Professor Fi i/er’1 ,resignation had been accepted because no relative could serve on the same faculty with himself. “It is my decided opinion," said Pres ident James, "that hoards of trustees and public school board should he pro* hihited by law from appointing to po-' "‘vi l sitions within their gift any p«-rsou connected by blood or marriage to the fourth degree with any member of thw teaching or administrative staff. "Nepotism is in quality u more subtle and more corrupting Influence than flthor politics or religion directed !• the same end "