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CANADA AND CHILE
, BOTH FEELING WAR MORETHAN OTHERS Money for Both Will Proba bly be Furnished by the United States CHILE ESPECIALLY WAS VERY HARD HIT i Nitrate Exports Have Almost Stopped and They Furnish Fully Half of the Government’s Revenue By HOLLAND 5 New York. January 4.—(Special.)—Can hda, on the north of the United States, fend Chile far to the south of us, are Bow facing emergencies created by the European war which, relatively speak ing, are quite as great as those which the United States faced and overcame in the first two months of war. We are giving much needed assistance to Canada and we are probably to give needed as sistance to Chile, although of a some what different kind. I It has been well known in the financial district that Canada has borne a strain occasioned by the war which from the point of view of population and resources Is as great as that which England her eelf Is ow bearing. Canada has fur Bished an army and Is ready to furnish another, and necessarily the business of the dominion has been. In some places, at least, seriously affected by the war. In financial circles, however, the impres sion has been strong that from the busi | ness and economic points of view the chief emergency which Canada now faces . has been occasioned by the difficulty of approaching the London money market. from timo to time fresh supplies of capi tal, the aggregate of which was very large and all of which has been utilised In developing the resources of the do minion. It was recently officially stated in Canada that within a year the do minion must look for a loan of as much as $100,000,000. It has recently been unof ficially and privately stated In this city that If the United States is approached the money can be obtained here even though it does not take the form of a loan to a belligerent nation. Canada rs a colony of the imperial government is, of course, reckoned as a belligerent. Recently there lias been marketed In the United States, principally in New York, nearly $7,000,000 of notes represent ing Canudlun indebtedness running for three years and bearing 5 per cent in terest. The notes were easily absorbed upon Ch Income basis of 5.45. The ease with which this transaction was com pleted Is of Itself an indication that with out any embarrassment to speak of to i'Ursclvcs we can hereafter do a g'rea‘ deal In tho way of taking the place of I Kind on In supplying financial assistance to Canada. In view of the magnitude of our trade with Canada and of Cunadu's with us, it is regarded as all of the more important that we should undertake to - AN APPEAL TO AMERICA Hjr THOMAS H ARDY >■*.11 r 1° fS",0'ri,1B P°Prn by Thomas Hardy was written for the commission for ,.P n *!P s "m. which is the general shipping and clearance house for this relief work, and the only one recognized by the powers at war. Seven millions stand Emaciate, in that ancient Delta-land: — We here, full-charged with our own maimed and dead, \nd coiled in throbbing conflicts slow and sore, Can soothe how slight these ails unmerited Of souls forlorn upon the facing shore! Where naked, gaunt, in endless band on band Seven millions stand n. No man can say lo your great country that, with scant delay. You must, perforce, ease them in their sore'need: We know that nearer first your duty lies; But—is it much to ask that you let plead' Your loving-kindness with you—wooing wise— Albeit that aught you o we and must repay , No man can sav? (Copyright by Commission for Relief In Belgium, 71 Broadway, X. Y.) finance as far as possible the immediate needs of the dominion. Chile's Emergency While our men of finance wore consid ering the Canadian proposition they re ceived information about an embarrass ment or emergency which Chile is now facing. The chief exports from that coun try until the war began were from the nitrate deposits of northern Chile. The world took an enormous amount of this nitrate every year. The transportation of nitrate from the fields to the Chilean ports was the chief, practically the ex clusive, freight carried by'rail roads which v ere built across the nitrate country. The income received for this transporta tion was great enough to make one of the railroads very prosperous. The men of science of Germany and Europe who spent many years in a study of the problem of how best to get all the saccharine matter that is in the sugar beet out of tho raw beet among other discoveries learned that there was no bet ter fertilizer for sugar beets than the Chilian nitrates, if properly mixed in the soil. For that reason, probably more than one-half, some of the authorities say two thirds, of the nitrate exports from Chile have found their markets In Germany, almost all of the nitrate being used for. the fertilization of the beet fields. A vear ago Chile exported to Germany and to Austria together a little over 300,900 tons of nitrate in one month. In the corresponding month of the year just ended, Chile exported only 08.000 tons. Ap parently the export of nitrate is soon practically to cease. This condition has raised a very serious problem in Chile. The government and the business men are more concerned about it than they are about increasing trade with the Uni ted States. The industry is the largest in Chile. Nearly 50,000 men are employed in it. It furnishes, as said above, the 9hief traffic for the railroads which bisect the nitrate regions. Furthermore, the Chilean government has heretofore gained nearly one-half of its revenue from tho tax which it imposes upon the export of nitrate. All of this has been as suddenly and as completely stopped as was the case early in August in our own finan cial world and in our foreign trade mar kets. From one point of view’, however, Chile is not embarrassed as Canada has found herself to be. Sometime before the war, Chile established in London a credit pay able in gold of about $50,000,000. She also established In Germany a credit of $12. 000,000. As Germany was the largest pur chaser of the nitrates of Chile It was nat ural that Chile should establish a heavy ci edit in Germany. The credit in London hdw 'available for any use the govern itrppt may tor put it’to. but whether the credit with Germany Is equally avail able is a matter of some doubt. American manufacturers who have been importing and exporting manufactured commodities from Chile find that pay ments are easily made, but when Chile has exhausted her London credit, if she I * I I Children Cryfor Fletcher’s ■ Th0 Kind Yon Have Always Bought has home the signn B ture off Chas. H. Fletcher, and has been made under his B personal supervision for over 30 years. Allow no one B to deceive yon in this. Counterfeits, Imitations and B ‘ are hut experiments, and endanger the B health of Children—Experience against Experiment, I _ What is CASTORIA K Castoria Is a harmless substitute for Castor Oil, Pare ■ |®ric> Drops and Soothing Syrups. It contains neither K Opium, Morphine nor other Narcotic substance. It de al stroys worms and allays Feverishness, For more than ■ thirty years it has been in constant use for the relief of •- ? Constipation, Flatulency, Wind Colic, all Teething Trou BK hies and Diarrhoea. It regu lates the Stomach and Bowels, ■ » assimilates the Food, giving healthy and natural sleep. ‘ The Children’s Panacea—The Mother’s Friend. I The Kind You Have Always Bought ■ Bears the Signature of ■ In Use For Over 30 Years I *24« 1 mi, Fla. H M AND RETURN B VIA B Southern Railway B Premier Carrier of the South B Tickets on Sale January 9 to 15; Limit 20th 1H City FLORIDA SPECIAL Leaves 4P.M. does that before the war closes, she must turn elsewhere for assistance. Presum ably she wilt turn to the United States. Charles M. Schwab and Chile Charles M. Schwab has so often been found to be accurate in his estimates and forecasts that there is strong* disposi tion to believe that if ne erred at all in his recent statement that orders aggre gating $300;000,000 have been placed by belligerent nations in the United States the error was in underestimating the amount. Mr. Schwab has very important commercial relations with ChlW These arc of two kinds. One is represented by contracts associated with Chile’s elab o ate system of coast fortification and the surmise in New York is strong that at the time of Mr. Schwab’s recent visit »o London lie was persuaded that there v ould be no difficulty of a financial char acter which might delay the execution oi’ these contracts. Mr. Schwab is also to operate extensive iron mines in Chile. Some months ago it was announced that he had executed contracts with foreign shipbuilders which called for the construction of six steam ers especially built for the convenient carrying of iron ore from Chile by way of the Panama canal to Philadelphia, thence to be shipped to the Bethlehem steel works. Presumably these vessels are now under construction, although since the war began no definite information has been received on this point. When they arc* built, the working and shipment of these iron deposits will begin. There ap pears to be no prospect or a delay in the vast enterprises of the Guggenheim* in Chile. Possibly the situation of the copper market may cause some postpone ment, although that Is a matter of great dcubt. The Guggenheims are about com pleting a colossal, plant for the operation of copper mines in Chile, among other features of which is the construction of a railroad for the transportation of the ore to the seacoast. These two American investments upon a large scale in Chile will inevitably insure a good deal of busi ness activity there, no matter bow the war in Europe* shapes itself. Chile is also in negotiation, it is understood, with American capital for the construction and equipment of her railroad repair shops, which, when completed, will be the largest i.i the world excepting one in Canada. This will involve something like $6,000,000, and there has been no intimation from Chile that it Is the purpose of the gov ernment to postpone this w;ork. niiiiu run LAMAR M’CANN Student Who Rescued Young Lady From River Highly Praised—Par tin's Body Still Missing Tuscaloosa. January 4.—(Special.) The body of R. E. Partin, who was drowned in the Warrior river here Sunday afternoon, was recovered at 6 o’clock this afternoon by a strange coincidence. It was a brother of Lamar McCann, the uni versity student, who risked his life in an effort to save Partin and Miss Mary Essie Hunter, who recovered the remains. The river had been dragged for 24 hours by a number of men before the body was finally located. The funeral arrangements have not yet been announced. Tuscaloosa, January 4.—(Special.)—1The remains of Rex E. Partin, the young man who was drowned in the Warrior rive * above Lock 12 Sunday afternoon, have not yet been recovered. A number of men have been engaged in dragging the streum and diving for the body all day, but without result. Miss Mary Essie Hunter, who was unconscious when brought out of the river, has recovered nnd is none the -worse for her experi ences. But for the heroism of Lamar McCann, a university student and presi dent of the senior class at the Univer sity of Alabama, Miss Hunter would have drowned. A movement is on foot here to have McCann awarded a hero medal. The young man has been a prominent student at the university for several years. AUTO ACCIDENTS SHOW DECREASE New York, January 4.—Fewer persona were killed by automobiles in New York city streets, but deaths through such ac cidents increased in number elsewhere in New York state In 1814, according to fig ures issued today by the National High way Protective secretary. Automobiles killed 290 persons in this city last year, as compared with 302 in 1913. In the state outside this city the number In 1914 was 310, as against 149 in 1913. Throughout the Btate 199 persons were killed at highway railroad cross ings in 1914. MEXICAN TOWpT HAS GONE DRY Douglas. Art*., January 4.—Agua Prieta, the Mexican town across the border, has gone dry, shattering the hopes of Amer ican saloonkeepers, put out of business December IS by the Arizona law, and who expected to reopen in the Mexican town. Colonel Arnulfo Gomez, the constitu tionalist commandant of Agua Prieta, is sued this order today: "No liquor may be brought across the border, even though duty be paid, and no liquor may be sold or given away In Agua Prieta, under pen alty of 1200 fine or SO days In the cuarteL" Gadsden. January 4.—(Special.)—The grand jury organised today by electing W. P. Johnson, a prominent insurance man, as foreman. After hearing a charge from Judge J. A. Bilbro along regular lines, the jury took a rscess until Febru ary 1. At that time Judge Bilbro Inti mated that he will give a special charge. W. B. Ponder of this city and Miss Mamie Reed^daughter of Rev. B. P. Reed of Collinsville, were married at that place Sunday. The residence of Hugh Larimore in At* tails was burned last night, with a loss of SM Tbs bursting of a Are hose de lays* tha wwk of the Oremon. BURNETT DELAYS IMMIGRATION BILL CONFERENCE ACTION Asks Clark to Hold Up Mat ter Pending Future Con sideration — Belgian Clause Troublesome Washington. January 4.—(Special.) In anticipation of trouble over the Im migration bill in the conference com mittee, Representative Burnett today asked Speaker Clark to withhold it from such reference for the present and his request was granted. While the Senate retained tile literacy test, which is Rnrnett's main point, it made provision for exemption or Belgian immigrants under certain conditions, and to this he may take exception. As chairman of the House committee on immigration, Burnett will be a mem ber of the conference committee and it is expected that Representative Gardner of Massachusetts, republican, also will be a member. In the pust Burnett and Gardner hate been in com plete accord and they probably will hold a conference tomorrow to assume a final attitude on the exemption amendment. This was presented by Senator Lodge, father-in-law of Rep resentative Gardner. Views Already Expressed "My views on Belgian immigration were expressed recently in The Age Herald," said Mr. Burnett today, 'and as yet 1 have not changed them, still, I want to study the Lodge amendment with care before the bill goes to the conference committee. As I understand it. the amendment would exempt Bel gians, under certain conditions, no: only from the literacy test but also from the contract labor prohibition. While I sympathise with the Belgians, I believe this sympathy generally bus developed into hysteria and must not be allowed to override our best judg ment. Also the amendment may in fringe on the ‘favored nations’ claust in certain treaties." Asked whether he would line up with Mr. Burnett or with Senator Lodge, if the former should oppose the latter’s amendment, Gardner said: "Offhand, 1 i.m inclined to stand with Mr. Burnett, hut 1 shall be very glad to hear what the other side has to say." Ketain Literacy lest That the literacy test will be re tained in the conference, then s no question, the bill having: contained it when passed by the House as well as when it went through the Senate, which will place the President in an embar rassing position. It is known that h» does not approve the test, yet only seven votes were cast against the meas ure in the Senate, even with its demo crate majority. The bill can be passed over his veto ; In the Senate, but the acquiescent j House will kill it if he says “thumbs j down.” From the course of the bill in the last Congress ami in this, it seems ■ evident that the literacy' test is to be tetained, and if President Wilson fol lows Taft’s example and vetoes it or. that ground it will he passed again ir. the same form and he put up to some other President in the future. TROY Troy, January 4.—(Special.)—Janie Jernigan. the pretty little baby daugh ter of Mr. and Mrs. Fred Jernigan. was badly burned at their home on Brun didge street Sunday morning. The little girl was sweeping the hetrth with a small broom before an open grate fire, when the broom became ignited, thus catching the child's dress. Her clothing was burned from her body and several burns sustained on her body and face, but physicians say that they are not serious. In 1914 there were 45 fires in Troy, according to the report of the Charles Henderson Firo company. .More fires were reported in February than any other month and more fires were caused from sparks from chimneys than from any other cause. Thirty-eight wooden buildings, five brick and two Iron buildings were burned. The estimated damage is $39,950, and the insurance collected $30,045. Four hundred and twenty-three poll taxes have been issued up to today, ac cording to a statement by Tax Collec tor V. A. Gibson. There are 1600 people who pay poll taxes in this county annually and there will be quite a rush from now until February 1. Taking On Employes Auburn, N. Y„ January 4.— Officials of the Auburn plant of the International Harvester company today began engag ing again employes who have been idle for many months. The plant ordinarily employs about 2600 persons. Officials said today they expected to have the plant running at full capacity soon. Two Business Men Add Names to List of Indorsers of Natural Vitalitas Numbers of statements and personal views regarding Vitalitas are constant ly being received from over the jouth. Here are two selected at random that are of Interest: One Is from Mr. F. B. Hsslalr, a well known Memphis business man or 312 Decatur street. He says: "I have never used any medicine that has given me the relief Vitalitas has. It Is a boon to sufferers; have been greatly oene flted for stomach troubles. Indigestion and kidney troubles. Cannot praise It too highly. The general public should know more about It.” The other la from Mr. Stephen Tou art. coal merchant of 1070 Spring Hill avenue. Mobile, Ala. He saya: "After taking one bottle of Vitalitas for in digestion want to say It completely cured me; have never felt the symp toms since. 1 appreciate whatlt did for me and want others to try It.” Vitalitas Is wholly a natural product. It will be found wonderfully effective for ills generally of stomach, liver, l.ld neys. bowels and blood. Sample Vitalitas today at Averyt’s drug store, 100-111 20th at., or write thsre for information. Two Stores: Birmingham, Ala. Jacksonville, Fla. /vL To Men Who Ride in Limousines—and Others If you’re a man of means—accustomed to the best of the good things in life, Porter garments will clothe you every whit as good—in fit, in fabric, in style— as the expensive custom made clothes you usually wear. To the man of moderate income Porter clothes offer the exclusiveness of the “tailor made,’’ at the price usually paid for average, mediocre clothing. $15.00, $18.00 *1 BA $30.00 0AA BA Suits and kll Suits and **fF r%|| Overcoats... 0vercoats $25.00, $28.00$4 O PA 53500 SAP PA Suits and ^ll P%l| Suits and * Fw| rill Overcoats .. XV/9V v Overcoats V EVERYTHING MEN AND BOYS WEAR '■ ir ^ 1922-1924 First Ave, “In the Heart of Birmingham” Porter’s is the exclusive agency for “Boyden” Shoes, with their many attractive style features. \n added feature is the present cut in the price. $7 grade is now JS5J5 DEPLORABLE, SAYS BRITISH JPLOMAT Charge Hohler of British Legation Reports to Spring-Rice On Mex ican Situation Washington. January 4.—Sir Ceoll Spring-Rice, the British ambassador, transmitted to the state department to day a copy of a mall report from Charge Hohler of the British legation in Mexico City saying conditions there a week ago were deplorable. High commendation was given Eduardo Iturblde. former governor of the federal district, for his efforts in saving the lives of Britons and Americans when tho Za pata forces entered the city. Since then Iturbide lias succeeded in getting out of the hands of the Mexican officials who threatened to execute him. and, according to official reports received today, he Is nowr in the United States. Since Charge Kohler's report was sent, conditions have Improved, according to state department advices. The Mexican convention reassembled today and dis cussed credentials of delegates. Neither the war or state departments has any further advices as to the situa tion at Naco, but the belief prevailed that an adjustment of the difficulties there would be reached on the arrival of Gen. Juan Cabral, with 8000 Gutierrez troops. nrjiuriH \ viiiumru Elislo Arredondo, head of the Carranza agency here, issued a statement tonight summarizing dispatches from Vera Cruz confirming reports of the capture of Gen. Jesus Carranza, brother of the first chief, by Gen. Alfonso Bantibanez in San Ger oninio, state of Oaxaca, on December 30. The general and Ills son and nephew are being held as hostages, but his entire staff lms been executed by Santibanez. The statement said: “General Bantibanez entered the ranks of the constitutionalist revolutionary army at the close of the Iluerta regime. He succeeded in gaining the confidence of Gen. Jesus Carranza, who supplied him with troops and munitions of war and finally succeeded in having him named military commander of the Isthmus of Te huantepec. “General Carranza was totally unaware of the defection of Santibanez when he approached San Geronimo and was so cer tain of hla loyalty that he was traveling with but the lightest escorts. “The first chief has received word from Santibanez that if he will sanction some unknown arrangements claimed to have been made between Santibanez and Gen. Jesus Carranza and will pardon his treachery and allow him to retain his military office, he will release General Carranza and his two relatives. He makes the threat that unless his conditions are met he will execute Gen. Jesus Carranza and his son and nephew. Can Receive No Pardon "Carranza's reply feelingly dictated was: ‘Such traitorous conduct can re ceive no pardon. If my brother’s death Is a necessary step toward the triumph of our principles and the establishment of peace, 1 am willing that he die. And I know that with the feelings of a true sol dier my brother will be willing to sacrifice Ills life for his country.’ ‘‘The first chief as soon as he was aware of the plight of General Carranza ordered troops to the Isthmus. This morning they routed Santibanez's column near Ban Geronimo and the traitor with ISO men fled to the. town of Chlhulta'n In the mountains of Oaxlca. The first telegrams received by the chief here from the Isthmus purported Jo have been sent by his brother and were to the effect that no more troops ahould be ordered south. These were In reality sent by Santlbanes and It was only through a telegram iscelved from C. R Cabera that tha true situation was first aecertalned.” Injunction Denied Ban Francisco, January 4.—Three federal Judges today denied an applica tion for an injunction against enforce ment of the rod light abatement act paaaed by tho last California legisla ture and ratified at the polls. An ap peal teethe United States supreme court will bg taksp. The latent of the act lelo place respondblllty on the owners pf property, instead of lesseea. ^^3 People Like It Because It Gives Them Something to Talk About Reykjavik. Iceland. December 4.—(Corre spondence of tlio Associated Press.)—Ice land faces a political crisis ami tlio peo ple are enjoying it because it provides them with something to talk about these long winter nights. It is a quarrel be tween the liberal party, which is in the ascendancy, and his majesty the King of Denmark, who is the ruler of Iceland. Tht» controversy lias led to the resigna tion of the prime minister, Kggerz, but lie has consented to remain in office for the present ami if matters are arranged lie will no doubt withdraw his resignation altogether. There are two points of disagreement' with tin? King. The first concern* the constitution. Icelanders want an up-to date constitution and the last parliament agreed to various changes in the old oon 1 stitution. Hut when the prime minister sent them to tho King for his signature he refused to sign, lie maintained that the constitution of leleand could not be «hanged without the sanction of the Danish parliament. The other point at issue concerns the flag* question. Iceland for some time lias teen anxious to have its own flag The King, it in said, promised the desire ■ should he gratified. The liberal majority authorised the prime minister to get up a Hag and settle the matter personally with the King. Hut the King declined to consider the design for a flag submit ted, alleging tiiera was no evidence it was the sort of flag the Icelanders, or u majority of them, really wanted. The King has announced that he will summon before him some of the leading politicians of Iceland to talk things ovei and see if Nome satisfactory settlement of tlio disputed matters cannot be ar ranged. MRS. ROY L. GLOVER DIES IN ARIZONA Dos Angeles, January 4. Telegrams to day reported the death at Nogales. Arts., of Mrs. Roy D. Glover, prlnolpsl In a Christmas tragedy hern a year ago. In which Daniel De Villiers. n flouth Afri can soldier, met death at the hands of Mr. Glover. De Villiers was the wom an’s husband and came here front flan Antonio to Induce her to leave Glover, flhe refused and In the mailing buttle De Villiers was hilled. Glover was held In jail until a few weeks ago. Mrs. De Villiers soon after ward became his wife. They were on a second honeymoon when dentil came to Mrs. Glover. >■— ~a n 1 Kemember PFIHis is double Brown Trading I W Stamp day. We give two Brown Trading Stamps in stead of one with each 10c cash purchase until noon. In the afternoon we^give one stamp with each 10c purchase for K ^ ^ in PLAN TO BREAK OFF NEGOTIATIONS WITH THE MINERS’ UNION Cleveland, O.. January I -Eastern Ohio coal operators at an adjourned mooting tomorrow will decide to break • •If all negotiations with the Uni too Mine Workers’ union; will plan to evict striking miners because they hav • paid no rent since the strike was callct the first, of April, last, ami will decide to make overtures to the miners as in dividuals to work "open shop” under the scale rejected by the miner*’ or ganization, in tlie opinion tonight of those in touch with the situation. Opel - otoi’H declined to make nn official state tm nl, but it was learned authoritative^ hat .sentiment expressed by operators at today's session indicated this action. There are 36.000 miners working In central and southern Ohio on the 4< cents a ton antl-Hcreen basis, a union offieiul aahl tonight. The eastern Ohio operators offer 44.61 cents a ton. This was rejected by 16,000 miners in east ern Ohio the first of last April and they have wince been on a strike. reeks Must Report Winnipeg.* Mari;, January 4.—Instruc tions have been received hero that all Greek reservists in Canada must report to the colors by March I FIVE CENTS PROVES IT \ UenrroiiR Offer. Cut Out this ful. en close with 6 cents to Foley & Co.. Chica go. ill., writing your mime and addrest plainly, ami receive, a free trial pack age containing Foley’s Honey and Tar Compound, for couglus. colds and croup; Foley Kidney I'll la. for kidney and blad dot* complaints, backache, pains iti joints, rheumatism:'and Foley Cathartic Tablets, a wholesome and thoroughly cleansing cathartic. Try all three for 5 cents, the cost of mailing. Sold by alt druggists.