OCR Interpretation

The Birmingham age-herald. [volume] (Birmingham, Ala.) 1902-1950, January 11, 1915, Image 1

Image and text provided by University of Alabama Libraries, Tuscaloosa, AL

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85038485/1915-01-11/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

MMRKIi 2.50
Financial Conditions of
Entire Southeast Shown
In The Age-Herald Today
The Age-Herald this morning publishes In succinct form the official
statements of the Birmingham banks aud of the member hanks of the
Atlanta federal reserve district. These statements are compiled in ac
cordance with the call of the federal reserve board for a statement of
their condition December 31, 1914.
The statements should prove of enormous news value for by studying
them, the reader can guage financial conditions in Georgia. Florida, Ala
bama, Mississippi and Tennessee- Furthermore, they will be of great
interest to bankers, themselves, because their publication in this form
will be the qifickest and most, effective means by which financiers can
see at a glance the condition of other banks in all sections of the reserve
English Note Concurs With United States In That
Commerce Between Neutral Nations Should Be
Interfered With Only When Absolutely Nec
Conceded Principles On Which American Contentions Are
Based, But Points Out Difficulties In Actual Practice, Re
ferring to Alleged Fraudulent Practices On Part of Shippers
Washington, January iO.—Great Britain's preliminary reply to the protest
>f the United Slates against interruption of American commerce by the British
leet was made public here and in London tonight, by mutual agreement be
ween the slate department and the British foreign office.
The British note concurs in the view of the United States that commerce be
ween neutral nations should be interfered with only when absolutely neces
>ary, and officials here construed it as conceding that the principles expressed
)y the American protest were just.
lne only formal comment was tms
itatement, issued by Secretary Bryan:
“This answer being preliminary and
lot being intended as a complete re
>ly, we will postpone comment until
he full answer is received.'’
Briefly, the British reply, while con
edins the principles on which the Amer
ean contentions are based, points out dif
teulties in actual practice, refers to al
eged fraudulent practices by shippers
md cites statistics shewing an increase,
•ather than a decline in certain neutral
somrnerce, in support of Greet Britain's
suspicions that Germany and Austria
lave been indirectly obtaining contraband
hrougli neutral countries. The note prom
ses, however, that Great Britain will
nake redress whenever the action of tlie
British fleet may unintentionally exceed
he limits of international law.
Text of Reply
The text of Great Britain's reply to
he protest of the United States against
British interference with American mer
chant ships was made public here to
ilg'ht. Jt. follows:
•The British Secretary of State l'or For
eign Affairs to the American Ambas
I “January 7, 1915.
“Your Excellency: I have the honor
o acknowledge receipt of your note’of
he 28th of December.
“It is being carefully examined and
he points raised in it are receiving
onsideration, as the result of which a
•eply shall be addressed to your excel*
ency, dealing in detail with the issues
aised and the points to which the
Tnited States government have drawn
ittention. This consideration and the
irepuration of the reply will necessarily
•equire sometime, • and I therefore de
dre to send without further delay some
preliminary observations, -which will, I
.rust, help to clear the ground and re
nove some misconception that seem to
“Let me say at once that we entirely
ecognized the most friendly spirit re
erred to by your excellency, and that
ve desire to reply in the same spirit
ind in the belief that, as your excel
ency states, frankness will best serve
.he continuance of cordial relations be
ween the two countries.
“His majesty’s government cordially
soncurs In the principle enunciated by
he government of the United States
hat a belligerent, in dealing with trad*
letween neutrals, should not interfere
jnless such interfence Is necessary to
Diotect the belligerent's national safety. |
ind then only to the extent to wrhlch
his is necessary. We shall endeavor to
ceep our action within the limits of this
iHnciple on the understanding that it
idmits our right to interfere when such!
nterference is. not with 'bona fide’ trade.
>etween the United States and another!
neutral country, but with trade in conjj
raband destined for the enemy’s coun- !
ry, and we are ready, whenever our ac
ion may unintentionally exceed this
trinciple to make redress.
Much Misconception Exists
"Wo think that much misconception
ixlsts as to the extent to which we have,
n practice, interfered with trade. Your
ixcellency's note seems to hold his
najesty's government reaponsible tot
he present condition of trade with neu
ral countries, and it is stated that,
hrough the action of ilia majesty's gov
srnment, the products of the great in
lustrles of the United States have been
(Coatlaaed aa Page Eight.) j
Republican Senators Con
centrate Their Obstructive’
Leaders Worried

Washington, January 10.—Administra
tion leader's, growing apprehensive about
completion of President Wilson s legisla
tive programme before March 4, will ex
ert every possible parliamentary effort
during the coming weeks to make pro- j
Republican senators have concentrated
their obstructive forces on the government |
ship purchase bill, the discussion of which ,
they are determined to prolong as much ,
as possible. They already have succeeded
In delaying consideration of tile bill three
days. The District of Columbia approprla- ,
tion next must he disposed of. but demo
oratic leaders believe a vote on It can be
forced tomorrow, and that the ship bill
can then he pressed for general debate
throughout most of the week.
Democratic leaders charge that renub
llcan tactics have assumed the form of ]
a filibuster, and are threatening to demand
night sessions. In that event the repub
licans declare it would be easy lo break I
a quorum and thus add to the delays of i
legislation. (
The Philippine bill still is under consid- i
eration in commmittee, and tomorrow Sec- !
retary Garrison will present to the com- I
nrittee his views on the proposal to en- I
large Philippine self-government.
The House on Tuesday will vote on Rep- ,
resentative Mondell's resolution for sub
mission of a suffrage amendment. House
leaders are planning for another stirring
day of oratory such as characterized the
prohibition debate two weeks ago.
Military preparedness will continue a '
prominent subject in both houses, with '
the naval and military appropriation bills
In the House and administration bills to 1
increase the strength of the army before
the Striate military committee.
Both houses will have before them to
morrow the conference report on the Im
migration bill, retaining the literacy test,
but with amendments to exclude Africans
and to exempt Belgian farmers from the
literacy test stricken out. Democratic
leaders declare the conference report will
be adopted. What the President will do
with trie bill. In view of Ills objection to
the literacy test, Is a source of conflicting
I Washington, January 10.—President
■Wilson tomorrow will receive the Alas
can engineering commission, who have
>een Investigating various proposed
Kutes for the government railroad to«
nnect the Alaskan coal Helds with the
:oast, authorized by I'ongress last year.
Under the law the Iiesident will de
:jde on the route and determine if rgll
road lines already constructed shall
ta purchased as a part of the system.
VbP commission practically has com*

pleted Its preliminary report on sur- 1
vey. The President is expected to set
tle In the near future all Questions 1
which must be decided before -actual ]
construction work is begun. Construe- -
tlon of not more than 1000 miles of rail- •
road at a cost of not more than *33,
({00,000 was authorized by Congress I
3. Plerpont Morgan has offered to sell <
or lease the Copper River and North- i
western railroad. 18# miles long, con-li
neettng Cordova with Kennloott, for use I
as a part ot Use propossd system, ' I
-- - - 1 1 —a— — ■ - ■■ ■ ■■ ■ - — ■■■
.— ■ ■ ■ ■ j
Kilby, Bulger and Carmichael, Prohi
bition Candidates For President
Pro Tern of Senate and Speaker of
the House Issue Reply to Hender
sons Statement Asking Support of
Lewis and Johnston.
Montgomery, January 10.—(Special,)—In answer to Governo•-sirst C Lacies
Henderson's statement calling upon his friends and those in sympathy with
lis policies to suppor the candidacy of Oscar S. Lewis and Edward D. John
iton for president protem of the senate and speaker of the house, respectively,
.ieutenant Governor-elect Thomas E. Kilby, Senator Thomas L- Bulger and
H. Carmichael, prohibition candidates for the two offices, this afternoon
ssued a reply in which they assert that the governor-elect is exceeding his
luthority in taking a position in the organization of the legislative bodies.
me siaiemeni aeciares iiibi u»uu
he constitution of the state “each
louse shall choose its own officers,”
ind that it is the duty of the lcgisla
ors to see that this provision is car
■ied out, as well as the duty of the
lenate to determine by whom its com
nittees shall be appointed.
The three gentlemen further declare
hat It is the purpose of their support
ers to "co-opcrato with the othci de
inrtmen'.s of government so far as lies
vithin their power in the enactment of
•einedia! ami coi.sti ertive legislation,''
ind that they desire the lriendly -:o
iperatlon of the executive department.
The declaartlon of I.ieutenant Gover
mr-elect Kilby. Senator Bulger and Mr.,
'armlchael is the most vigorous that
ias yet been issued by the prohibition
drees and Indicates that they are pre
taring to wage a determined fight for
he control of the legislature.
It was but one of many statements
riven out In Montgomery today', nearly
ill of which were based on the ringing
leelnration of Governor-elect Henderson
elative to his position in the organ
zation of the legislative bodies. Prae
ieally all of the statements contain crlt
cism of the governor-elect for his at
itude in tlie matter.
The first reply to Mr. Henderson's
statement was issued by Lieutenant
Jovei nor-eleet Kilby, who arrived in
dontgomery at noon today. Mr. Kilby
leclared in substance that it was ''nn
irecedented" for the governor of tile
date to use his influence In the or
ranlzation of the legislature and made
larticuiar reference to Mr. Henderson's
itterance relative to the appointment of
lie committees in the senate.
According to Mr. Kilby he lias 23 ab
iolute,. unconditional pledges from mem
lers of the senate that they wiil vote
or him to appoint the committees, and
ic believes that he will do so.
In answer to the assertion of Mr. Kll
iy that he will name the committees
)scar Lewis, local option candidate, for |
iresident pro tern, gave oVt a state
nent outlining the lieutenant governor
lect's attitude on that question in the
cnate of 1911.
"Mr. Kilby's Insistence that tie has
lie right to appoint the committees of
he senate is yery interesting in view
,f, ills action cm this question when a
number of the senate of 1911,” said Mr.
w.\t that time Mr. Kilby voted to de
nier I.leutenant Governor Seed of the
lower to appoint committees and voted
o invest this power in President Pro
L’em Hugh Morrow, as is shown on page
of the senate journal of 1911.
• Mr. Kilby. In asking the senate to
nvest him with the power to appoint
ommitteees. is insisting that the Sen
ite of 1913 do that which lie refused, to
lo In 1911. Why?" '
The feature of the day in prohibition
leadquarters was the withdrawal from
senate of J. (\ Milner and G. Ernest
Jones, both of whom <lec*lared for Col
Thomas L. Bulger for that office. Both
Senator Milner and Senator Jones is
sued brier statements in wtlhdrawing
from the race.
Statement of Prohibitionists
Following is tlie statement issued joint
ly by Mr. Kilby. Mr. Bulger and Mr.
Carmichael, together with tlie other
statements given out during the day:
"Tlie members-elect of the legislature
of Alabama hold their commissions from
the hands of the peopu'. Their office is
a constitutional one. The constitution
provides tliut 'the powers of the gov
ernment of the state of Alabama shall
he divided Into throe distinct depart
ments, namely: Legislative, executive
and judicial.’ It further provides that
in tho government of tills state the
legislative department shall never ex
ercise the executive and judicial pow
ers, or either of them, and that the
executive shall never exercise the leg
islative or judicial powers, or either of
them to the end that it may be a gov
ernment of lav* and not of men.’
"It is further provided that each
house shall choose it sown officers.’
Governor-elect Henderson, who lias not
yet taken the oath pf office, has in his
communication directed to the people
of Alabama, haVlng the purpose of in
fluencing the members of the legisla-J
ture in the performance of their sworn
duties, indorsed the candidacy of Hon.
Oscar S. Lewis for president pro tern1
of the senate, with full power to ap
point all committees, and Hon. E. D.
Johnston for speaker of . ttye' house of
representatives. He Issues a warning to
those who are attempting to exercise
their constitutional prerogative of se
lecting their officer^.
"We wish to make 1t cleat’.
"ft is the duty of the senate and house
to choose its own officers. It is the duty
of the senate to determine by whom its
committees shall he appointed.
"It is the purpose of our supporters
to co-operate with -the other depart
ments of government as far a» lies
within their power In the enactment of
remedial. and constructive legislation,
and to do their part toward a business
administration of the affairs of * ttiis
state, and they hope to have, the co
operation of Governor-elect Henderspn.
"They desire and ask the friendly co
operation of the executive department,
btit will not be deterred by any attempted
Interference frorh performing these duties.
"We are democrats, we h'uve heretofore
been honored by tlie < democrats if this
state aiid we hppe that our past will jus
tify our friends in reposing confidence in
our patriotism and integrity of purpose.'*:
Kifby’s Statement
Lieutenant* Goi-erhdr Thonuta is. tetlby
'riv * i >he following statement! "I do
nut care to discuss tty) statement Issued
by, Governor, Hehderson further than to
say, that It Is unprecedented, for the gov
ernor lo Interfere with the members of the
toglel&tuic In their constitutional right
to select thetr own officers and appoint
their own Committees In such manner as
they may deem proper. So far as the
senate Is concerned.I will Say only that
I have absolute, unequivocal and uncon
ditional commitments from 2S senators
that they will vote-to; confer on. the lieu
tenant governor power to appoint the com
•‘X cannot think fpr k moment that any
one of these gentleman Could be tefqpted
by patronage oi other Influence to break
their pledge and l am relying confidently
upon them.”
Mr. Carmichaels statement: “The
declaration and warping Issued by. Gov
ernor Henderson came..aa-a,surprise to a
large majority of the members of the leg
islature. The atmlogy offered by him
.*?.*■’ tcsethM «• mm ,
- i . ■■ c* Itu’-rtti*: ■- ■
Call Upon Ministers to De
vote Part Or All of Ser
mons to J)iscHSsion of
Legislative Needs
_ !
Montgomery, January 10.-—(Special.)—An
appeal ti» every minister in Alabama to
set aside least part, if not all. of
his service on Sunday, January 24, for
the discussion of the need of better child i
labor legislation in. tills state is being
made through the press today by the
Alabama child labor congress and the
State Federation of Women's clubs.
With the approval of the Federated
Council of Churches and the national
executive councils of nil denominations,
this Sunday is to bo observed as child
labor Sunday in every state in the union.
The call for especial observance of this
day in Alabama, signed by Mrs. W. Is.
Murdoch, chairman of the Alabama child
labor committee, reads as follows:
“In all the 42 legislatures meeting this
winter there is to be no more import
ant step taken for the protection of
children from exploitation than in Ala
bama. For four years this state lias
bad to wait for another opportunity to
raise its standards of child labor legis
lation up to those which have long been
recognized elsewhere. The time has come
for us to enact a child labor law sec
ond to none in the country. Not only
for the sake of the children themselves
but for the sake of the honor of the
state noted for its great and farsighted
statesmen, must, this be done.
“Hundreds of white children in Ala
bama 12 years old and younger are be
ing lured from school by the petty
wages of the many jobs where their
cheap labor Is wanted, while in almost
every city of the state there are scores
and even hundreds of men with fam
ilies to support, who cannot got employ
ment. No other animal that God has
created experts to live off its offspring
before the offspring has had a chance
to mature. Child labor Is not only a sin
and a curse, but is economically false.
MOn this Sunday every pulpit in this
state should ring with the truth of
Christ's words: 'Suffer the little chil
dren to c°mr unto me; and forbid them
not; for of such is the kingdom of God.*
Again He said: ‘Take heed that ye des
pfse not one of these little ones; for f
say unto you, that in heaven their angels
do always behold the face of my Father
which is In Heaven.’
‘'Mot until we have freed the children
of Alabama and given them a chance
for education and health, can wc claim
to he applying the teachings of Christ.
“Child labor is not something afar off
that we need lament and pray against:
It is an evil that is weaving its para
sitic tendrils into every community of
our state and producing illiteracy, inef
ficiency and physical and moral degen
The Pastors’ union of Birmingham at
a meeting last week called upon Its mem
bers to make a special presentation of
the Importance of stfch a law for Ala
bama on this national child labor Sun
Preliminary reply to American
note is made by England.
tlovernor-eloct exceeds Ills author
ity. say candidates.
British reply to American note oc
cupies press and public minus.
Henderson's stand most Important
of events at capital.
£—Bit? (runs prove supreme In war.
S—A page for salesmen.
4— Editorial comment.
5— Alabama crop diversification ram
pal*n to be officially organised
Reserve banks Just beginning to
prove enormous value, says Major
Tut te ller.
Relief day for poor to be held.
Kxqdux.jto. capital will begin tpilifV.
Blackmon explains vote against bill
- rl ■
r -- I
Statement Supporting Local
Optionists Comes as Com
plete Surprise
Has I'ur-rpachiiiK Effect Upon Mem
bers of Legislature ami Even the
Prohibitionists Admit That
His Interference Will
Have Weight
4 HI«:\l)KltS((\ TO HMU II 4
4 Montgomery. January !»•. <spt- •
4 cial.) Governor-elect Charles lien- 4
4 derson will arrive in Montgomery 4
4 tomorrow morning at !» o'clock ami 4
4 lmmedlatel> open headquarters 4
4 at the Exchange hotel 4
4 The governor-elect, it Is mi- 4
4 nouneed, has decided In < omc to 4
4 Montgomery on the o.ve of tin* ns- 4
4 semblliig of the legislature In or- 4
4 der that h«* may meet the vnrion- 4
4 members of the two houses. Ills 4
4 rooms at tin hotel will he open 4 ;
4 to all legislators. as w t■ 11 as olh 4
4 er friends who unit wish to gi.-i 4
4 the next governor. 4
♦ ♦
Rt L. s. llETfY
Montgomery, .lauunr? It).—1 Special. 1
hovwnur-flei't i liarleN llentleratMi's pos
itive declaration that Ue wIII take on mi- ;
qunllJIrri position In organlantlon of the
legislative bodies and that lie will one
Ills entire Inflneuee to bring about flic
election of Oacar S. Lewis ns president
pro tem of the senute and lOdwnrd If.
Johnston ns speaker of the bouse of
representatives Is reiriirded In pulitteni
circles here ns by far the must Impor
tant development that bus occurred In
\lnhnma rlnee the November eleetlon.
The statement came as a complete sur
prise to all the menjlwr.' oC the house i
and senate save three or Com* close friends
i>i the administration, although it had
been known for weeks that Mr. Hender
son would openly support, both Senator
Lewis and Mr. Johnston. It was thought,
however, tliut the governor-elect would
not make any positive announcement of
his intentions until his arrival in Mont
gomery tomorrow.
Mr. Henderson's declaration I11 favor
of friends “In sympathy with my poli
cies" has already laid a far-reaching ef
fect upon members of the legislature, an 1
it Is expected that it will assure tin*
election of the two local option candi
dates. Even members of the prohibition
faction admit that tin* governor's influ
ence will unquestionably havo serious
weight in the organization of the legis
Ulterior Influences at Work
It Is undeniable that the unqualified *
stand taken by Goy«^nor-eleet Hende;- ]
<Continued on Page Two)
Laredo. Tex., January ,10.—Cairanxa
troops under (Jen. Antonio Villareal and
Gen. Maclovio Herrera have been de
cisively defeated by the forces of Gen
eral Villa at Kaltillo, Mex., and are re
treating toward Monterey with the Villa
forces in dose pursuit, according to ad
vices received here tonight. It is re
ported that a train load of wounded has
arrived at Monterey, the Cgrransa base
of operations. A noth or engage merit
expected at Monterey; one of the u>ost
important railroad centers in northern
The defeat of the <'arrattxu. army U
said to have resulted from a misun
derstanding of orders, the troops of
Vlliareal and Herrera becoming de
moralised after positions of advantage
had been gained. Ic is reported that
three battalions of Carrunsa troops
joined the Villa force*.
In their retreat toward Monterey tho
('arrRnxu forces made a stand at Rln
ronada but wen driven from their pusi*
; lions.
Little News of Importance
From Battlefields—Offi
cial Statements Almost
Repetitions of Former
French Are Pushing Offen
sive Movement and Organ
izing Ground Gained at
a Heavy Cost—Germans
Claim to Have Made Gains
in W est Argonne
London. January in <It)if*) p. m.)—The
British reply to the American note occu
l»iee the attention of tho British prose
ind public in the absence of any impor
tant nows from the battlefields. The
Herman and French official reports of tho
most recent fighting in the western field
ue Almost a repetition of those issued
ui preceding days. \ British eyewitness,
"lu» has been the official historian of
events at the front, lay s stress on the Im
portant part played by the artillery and
ligli explosives in modern warfare and
■lalms superiority for the allies in artil
ery which is being used to its full
From the coast to the River Oise, where
:he ground Is under water, the big guns
jhvc been going continuously, but tho
.voter and mud prevent the infantry from
mining Into action. Along the Aisne val
ley. however, and through the Cham
tmgne district as far an western Argon lit)
tho French are pushing their offensive
md organising the ground gained. These
*ains have been made at heavy cost.
In western Argonne tin* Germans also
•laim to have made gains and to have re
pulsed a French attempt to carry the It*
Irmiches in the Woevre and in Ales* o.
The only news from cast I- the
Herman report tlmt tin* RussIati offensive
toward Mlawa has failed, their force hav
ing been driven back.
Turks Make Stand
In tho I’uueawua the Turks have made a
*taml on the frontier near Kain-Urgun
and are fiercely attacking tin* Russiun
Seemingly tin* Russians believe tho re
port that the Turkish cruiser Goeben has
Been damaged, for their Black sea fleet,
which Is superior to the Turkish fleet
without the Goeben. lias been attacking
Turkish ports and destroying their ship
There is no development in the near
»hM beyond the report from Sofia that
M. Guenadloif. former Bulgarian millin
er of foreign affairs is leaving for Rome
in a semi-official mission, the object of
which is to ascertain the attitude of Italy
ovvard the possible future eo-ordinatlon
>f Italn-Bulgarian Interests in the war.
Cerinun Olfieial Statrmfnl
Berlin, January 10. (By wireless via
ajndon .'1 p. m.' The war office today
lave out this statement:
‘‘Tie- bad weather lasted through ves
erdav In the western theatre of war. The
<vh has in places hooded the country to
l width of 800 metres.
"Attempts to eject us from our positions
n tin* dunes om Xleuport failed.
Xorthcgst of Sotssons the French re
lented their attacks. They were all re
mised yesterday with great losses to the
nem;.\ We captured more than 100 prts
mers. Hatties at Holssons itself epm
nenced today. The French again have
lereeiy attacked. Their attacks broke
lowii with very heavy losses to them. We
ook about 14 prisoner*.
"In tin* Argonne we have gained further
pound In this district and in the neigh
lorhood of Apremnnt battles continue.
"On the evening of January 8 the French
Lgaln tried to take Burnhaupt by a night
it tack which railed completely. Our
loops took 230 more ,<Tivnoh prisoners
itui one machine gun. so that the war
moty taken at Bin-nlmupt is Increased to
wo officers. I2«» men and one machine
"The French apparently suffered heavy
oases, as great uumbeis of killed and in
ured are lying before our front and in the
leighborlng woods.
"Only trivial engagements took place
esterday In upper Alsace. At about mid
light our troops repelled h Fretu h al
ack at Txiwer Aspach.
• The weather in the east iias not yet
mproved The situation remains mi
me nged on the entire eastern front.
“I'n'mportant Russiun advances couth
if Mlawa were repulsed."
Manufacturers to Meet
Memphis. January 10.- More than ,100
Manufacturers of red gum iumber are
ixpecteil to attend the annual convention
*f the Gum Lumber Manufacturer s’ as
■oclation, which will be in session here,
unuury Hi. The programme, announced
onight, Includes addresses by prof. H. 1*.
rieinan of the United Stales forest serv
• e. and F. R. Gadd of Wisconsin.
'Vli. ’’-'-1

xml | txt