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E, W. BARRK’KT.Editor r^uierea at me miming uain, A*a., postoffice as second class matter under act of Congress March 3, Daily and Sunday Age-Herald.J8.0U Daily and Sunday, per month.70 Daily and Sunday, three months.2.00 Weekly Age-lierald, per annum.60 Sunday Age-Heraid .2.00 A. J. Eaton, Jr., and O. E. Young are the only authorized traveling represen tatives of The Age-lierald in its cir culation department. No communication will he published without its author’s name. Rejected manuscript will not be returned unless stamps are enclosed lor that purpose. Remittances can be made at current rate ol exchange. The Age-lleraid will not be responsible for money sent through lbs mails. Address, THE AGE-HERALD, Birmingham, Ala. Washington bureau, 207 Hibbs build ing. , , . , European bureau, 6 Henrietta street, Covent Garden, London. Eastern business office. Rooms 48 to 60, ir elusive. Tribune building, New Y'ork city; western business office, Tribune building. Chicago. The S. C. Beckwith Special Agency, agents for clgu advertising. telephone Bell (private eaekanire connertlng all lepartmrntK) Main 4IKW.___ tv hat Infinite henrt'a-enae miiat king, ■eftlect, Hint private men enjoy! —llenry V. The Reserve Bank System The banking and currency measure which created the federal reserve banks was cordially approved by prom inent financiers when it waspending in Congress and now that the new system is in full operation its great benefits are even more far-reaching than had been expected at the start. In today’s issue of The Age-Herald appears the first statements of many of the “member banks" of Atlanta district No. 6, which includes Alabama. They will be eagerly read, as a mat ter of course, by all students of finance and all business men who would keep themselves informed on affairs of vital interest. The state ments taken as a whole make a fine showing. As the reserve system be comes better known it will be more fully appreciated and will be more gen erally utilized by the state banks in the small towns. It is safe to assume that before the end of the present year the state bank that is not a member will be an exception to the rule. If the democrats had done nothing more than inaugurate this currency system it would have more than justi fied the party’s claims to sound states manship. It is the greatest financial legislation ever enacted, and the mem bers of the reserve board and the di rectors of District No. 6 are to he heartily congratulated by those who come in touch with large banking problems. An Athletic Preacher The Rev. W. A. Sunday, better known to fame as “Billy” Sunday, the baseball evangelist, is just now waking up staid Philadelphia by his dynamic preaching as that old town has proba bly never been wakened before. The newspapers are publishing, not col umns, but pages about his activities. He is pictured in all his characteristc poses, hs epigrams are quoted every where and every word that falls from his mouth is given due publicity. Run ning about the pulpit, leaping, shout ing, “punching holes in the atmos phere” and using many other strenu ous gestures until he appears to be on the verge of prostration, the indom itable preacher comes up smiling and fresh for his next “round with the devil.” Mr. Sunday is a natural athlete, With a rugged constitution that per mits him to undergo an amount of nervous strain that would kill an or dinary man, and doubtless his days on the baseball diamond have helped him to “keep fit” while crusading against the forces of evil, but he has a rigid system for conserving his atrength and building it up after an hour of terrific exhortation on the platform. Jack Cardiff, former pugil lat, is Mr. Sunday’s trainer. After the avangelist finishes preaching, his clothes are soaked with perspiration and his collar has lost all semblance »f its former shape. He is immediately wrapped in a big overcoat, bundled Into a waiting limousine and hurried to the residence that is set apart for bis use in every town where he con ducts a revival. Reaching home, the tzminer sponges him off, then gives llim a brisk rubdown and a massage. ffhe& follows a short rest in bed. Mr. Sunday rises at 7:30 o’clock in (he morning. After dressing leisurely ind having breakfast he attends to his gomapondence and receives callers gnHI noon. After lunch he goes to bed V tnd deeps for an hour. Rising, he goes \ to the tabernacle and preaches his ifternoon sermon. Frequently he holds ipedal meetings, however, and there is hardly a minute in the day when he is not either working or praying. While in the hands of his trainer both he and the former prize fighter, who is studying for a ministerial career, pray for strength to keep on fighting. One of the greatest factors in the evangelist’s system for keeping well is sleep. Every night he sleeps 10 hours like a child and wakes literally in “the pink of condition,” although he has reached the age at which most men think they are getting old. - - -- The Governor-elect’s Backbone Gov.-elect Charles Henderson is a man of strong backbone. In his state ment published in Sunday’s Age Herald he makes it very plain that he intends to be governor in fact as well as in name. He was elected on a platform that had in view the upbuilding of Ala bama as well as an honest and eco nomical administration. He stood for all that would encourage legitimate business enterprise and for everything that would foster a spirit of harmony among the people. He had always been in line with the democratic party on the principle of local option and hav ing been elected as a local optionist he will not be swerved from his position on that issue. The state has prospered under its local option laws and to re verse the policy of the party now would mean not only a serious loss to the state’s revenues but it would re sult in much factional bitterness and in increased lawlessness. Governor Henderson sees all this and he has come out with characteristic determination to take a hand in the organization of the legislature to the end that the radical element may not set at nought the will of the majority of the voters by imposing state-wide prohibition upon them. An unprecedented situation has jrisen, as Mr. Henderson says, “which lemands that the governor-elect, should take a firm stand,” and he is making it. “This unparalleled situa dori,” he says further, “is brought rbout through methods used in :he attempt to organize these legis ative bodies, for the purpose of thwarting the expressed will of the oeople. I now warn those who are ending their aid to this purpose that t has a much deeper significance than many now foresee.” lie then calls on sis friends and all in sympathy with sis policies to support Oscar S. Lewis For president pro tern of the senate ind Ed D. Johnston for speaker of :he house. Everybody must admire a leader of aroad views and unflinching courage. Such a man is the real leader, and, judging from the ring of Mr. Hender son’s short but trenchant statement, he will make his power felt for good from me end of the state to the other. Alabama’s Agricultural Department One of the factors in Alabama’s progress in husbandry has been the state’s agricultural department. The United States government, with its imple means, has led, of course, in demonstration work throughout the country, and high class technological nstitutes like that at Auburn have :o-operated with the department at Washington, so too have the commis sioners of agriculture in the different states. The Alabama department of agri culture has been active in pushing on die progressive farming campaign, ind no branch of the state govern ment has been better managed, per laps, that that under Commissioner Reuben Kolb. The commissioner of lgriculture-elect, J. A. Wade of Tal apoosa county, will bring with him ;o his office exceptional equipment. To Degin with he is an enthusiast, and he s known to be one of the most suc :essful farmers in the south. It was he who won the $1000 loving cup of fered by Andrew Carnegie for the best long staple produced in 1913. He has hobbies, but they are all good hobbies. One of them is his notion that by the application of industry and scientific farming every tiller of the soil in this state can make two blades of grass grow where one grew before, so to speak. He is a great believer in the Boys’ Corn clubs and in the Girls’ Canning clubs. He is a tireless worker, and his friends will have reason to be disappointed if he does not make his department the center of uncommon activities in the state’s agricultural development. Of course Mr. Wade will use his in fluence to bring about a large reduc tion in cotton acreage. The farmers themselves see the necessity of cotton reduction, and with the state agricul tural department and Auburn pulling together Alabama will cut its cotton crop down this year about one-half. With all the good work that has been done by the state at Montgomery in the past a mistake was sometimes made in crop reporting. The tendency was to underestimate the cotton crop. The United States government has a thoroughly organized corps of corre spondents reporting on crop conditions every month. When the Washington reports indicated a 1,500,000-bale crop in Alabama the department at Mont gomery gave out alarmist reports of boll weevil ravages and protesting against big crop talk. The fact is that Alabama’s crop last year was the largest ever made in this state. Instead of 1,600,000 bales it was near 1,700, 000 bales. If the Alabama commissioner is to keep up crop reporting work he should have a system as thorough and as re liable as that of the department at Washington. Mr. Wade’3 administra tion of the agricultural office will be looked forward to with keen interest. Save the Girls Among the many bills to be intro duced at the approaching session of the legislature will be one seeking to se cure an increased appropriation for the Girls’ Home of Refuge, an institu tion having for its purpose the recla mation of wayward and delinquent girls of tender age. The home is state wide in its scope and is available to all sections. That there is no greater responsi bility placed upon the state than that of educating and training the young of both sexes no one can question, yet it would seem that Alabama considers the reformation of its wayward boys of more importance than that of sav ing its wayward girls, as it appro priates $60,000 for the institution that takes care of this class of boys and only $3000 for the girls’ institution. The importance of the girls’ home of refuge cannot be overestimated. Its inmates are in the main neglected children, girls who grew up in bad environments. The officials of the home take these girls, almost in every instance more sinned against than sinning, and train and educate them for self-respecting citizens. It is indeed sad to contemplate the large number of young girls who for the lack of training and education go to swell the ranks of the underworld. There are such girls in the state of Alabama who are denied admission to the home on account of the lack of accommodation, resulting from the lack of funds. The good ladies in charge are asking an increased appropriation for the home in order that no girl in the state shall be left to drift with the tide. They would not take one penny from the appropriation made to the boys’ school, but they do insist that the girls should be given the same chance as the boys, and to this end will ap peal to the members of the legislature for a reasonable appropriation for this purpose. This is an appeal that the members of the legislature cannot turn down, for surely the girls of the state are entitled to the same care and pro tection as the boys. A citizen of West Hartlepool, who died from fright following the bombardment of that town bv Herman warships, was doubtless one of those Englishmen who (Irmly believed that when such a thing happened to an English coast town the world would come to an end. Nerves nowadays are remarkably steady in human beings. A French surgeon flew ?ight miles in five minutes in an aeroplane to perform a delicate operation and his hand was steady enough when he got there to do his work without blundering. Soldiers In the western theatre of war continue to find new comforts in their trenches, although naming ones favorite trench the Rltz Is still nothing more than a. witticism. Young women who send for the doctor before they take poison are evidently not as determined to shuffle off tills mortal coil as they are to awaken sympathy. A college professor asks. “Is civiliza tion a disease?” Whatever it Is, the world has considerably less of It than was popularly supposed a year ago. Alexander the Hreat never would have made the progress he did if he had stopped to dig trenches. The same thing might be said of Nap. Bonaparte. Fight fans have a Heavyweight battle to look forward to now, although most of the hard hitting will continue to be done In the eastern theatre of war. A pessimist is a man who thinks the European belligerents will bo fighting this time next year, but the woods are full of people who think that. Earthquakes may be good for the liver, as a noted physician says, but most peo ple prefer to give theirs a mild Jolting in a motor ear. Governor Blease has pardoned more than 1000 men from prison, and no doubt can count on at least a regiment of stout supporters. Another advantage of living in the south is that you can wear summer shoes at a time when people up north are Investing in arctics. The waterworks controversy in Birming ham shows signs of emulating the brook and going on forever. London claims to have furnished most of the styles this year, which is certainly nothing to brag about. Christmas activities Interfered somewhat with the amateur strategists, but all are lack at work again. The blue sky seems to be the limit for wheat these days. THE HISTORIAN By Lowell. The true historical genius, to our think ing, is that which can see the nobler meaning of events that are gear him, as the true poet is he who detects the divine in the casual; and we somewhat suspect the depth of his Insight Into the past, who cannot recognise the godlike of today under the disguise in whloh it always vis its ufc. > 1 IN HOTEL LOBBIES CblcflKO V 1*1 torn George J. Dowling, president of the Cable Piano company, and H. L. Dra per, vice president and treasurer of the same company, both of Chicago, are in Birmingham. ‘’Birmingham lias made wonderful prog ress since I was first here in 1896,” said Mr. Dowling. "I have been a frequent visitor since and each time I have no ticed marked improvement. Tn the lat ter part of the 90's conditions here be gan to have a larger aspect than in the early days of this district’s development. The steel plant at EnsJey was then an added factor to Alabama’s industrial Im portance. But It was not until the boom which was In evidence from 1901 to 1907 that Birmingham took its great strides. ‘‘During the past few months business has been comparatively dull in most sec tions of the countrty, as everyone knows. It is picking up now, however, and an actitve spring trade may reasonably be expected.” Prohibition and Temperance "When the liquor question in this coun try is finally settled strong alcoholic bev erages will be abolished, blit beer, wdiich is only very mildly stimulating, and light wines will be legally mjftle and sold in most states as now; at least that is my notion about the matter,” said Wilfred J. Horton of Philadelphia. "Because certain states in the south have voted ‘dry’ many prohibitionists have an idea that the handwriting on the wall is to the effect that the na tion will soon be dry. I have never been a tippler and it is only occasionally that I indulge in a bottle of beer. But I do not think anyone now living will see prohibition written into the constitution of the United States. ‘‘Everyone recognizes the fact that the abuse of liquor has caused much suffer ing in this country, but that is no rea son why beer and wine should be barred. The total abstinence societies should put forth greater efforts than they do to build up real temperance. When I was a small boy one of the popular tem perance orders had double the mem bership that it has today. I understand, however, that there Is quite a revival among all the total abstinence fratern ities. The Sons of Temperance is the old est of them with initiation and passwords. It was established in 1842 and gained wide popularity. But little was heard of it 25 years ago. It seemed to have be come defunct, but I understand that it Is now taking on new life. But it would be well to permit the members to drink beer. "But reverting to the prohibition ques tion, the tendency in tne north is about as strong today in favor of local option as it ever was. I see that the prohibi tionists of Alabama are trying to get a bill through the legislature providing for state-wide prohibition. I am not in touch with southern politics, but as state-wide prohibition was once tried in Alabama and found to be a failure, I think it h safe to assume that local option will rontlnue to be the policy here for a long time to come.” A Helbflou* Picture ”1 am glad to see that the wonder ful descriptive pow'ors of the motion pic ture have at last been turned toward such a great subject as the life of Christ,” said the superintendent of one of the large Sunday schools in Birming ham. "I am urging the pupils of my Sunday school to see this groat picture on belief that it will prove a valuable lesson to them and illustrate to their minds in the most striking manner por Bible Ine greatest event in the world’s history. ”1 have been told that tin picture is presented with an atmospheie that pre serves ti e sacredness of the gubje t, and that the very spirit of the Bible is em bodied in such a manner as to Inspire reverence and a deep rellgirur conviction. [ understand that the pictures were made it the suggestion of a number of prom- ; Inent ministers and educators, who folt :hat the pictures should be used to teach 1 the goapel and to pictorially impreg nate the ‘go to church’ idea. Thousands jan rridetstand and appreciate incidents j [old in pi» lures far more than they can by vet’s ol study and reading. “One of the prominent Baptist churches Df the city presented a series of scenes from the Holy Lands sometime ago and to me they were singularly interesting and instructive in connectoin with church work. How much more so will | be the actual reproduction of the events in the life of Christ. The subject was approached in a manner most reverent and I am told that so great an Impres sion was made on the minds of the art ists that they completely submerged :lieir personality Into that of the char acters portrayed similar to the trans formation that occurs when the ‘Pas sion Play’ Is presented.” President Wilson ns n Speaker “I read recently an interview in The fcge-lf^rald with someone who recalled President Harrison as a ready speaker, and I remember myself to have heard bim several times when I thought he was exceptionally felicitous; but Pres ident Woodrow Wilson is, perhaps, the best equipped President for making ad iresses that we have ever had, long or Bhort,” said an ex-politlclan, who lived for many years In Washington. “President Wilson’s Indianapolis speech was full of fresh ideas pithily expressed. It was delivered offhand and taken sten ographically. When he makes his 36 or 40 addresses In the west next month: they will, I imagine, reach the highest record in sustained effort. President Har riBon was a fine speaker, but Wilson is even better, judging from the way his addresses read. J| have never had the pleasure of seeing him.” Ia the Financial World Henry Clews in his financial review soys in part; ‘‘The first week of the new year has shown no diminution of the recuperative influences observed In our previous ad vices. The war Is still the dominating factor, and must so continue until peace Is in sight. No great changes In this respect appear to be anticipated until military preparations are energized by the approach of spring. For the time be ing the contending armies are at a dead lock, which can only be broken by vig orous fresh initiative. The London stock exchange reopened on Monday with scarcely a ripple. Transactions there have been relatively unimportant owing to the numerous restrictions still Imposed. Lon don, however, seems to be thoroughly ad justed to war conditions. "It Is quite evident that at present our Industrial activtles are not keeping pace with the natural growth of the coun try. Enterprise has been checked. Cap ital is relatively idle and must be ac cumulating in spite of diminished profits in many lines of industries. As confi dence is restored enterprise will revive, capital will come out of hiding and the investment situation should gradually Im prove. Although the usual January in vestment demand has not yet material ized, there are indications of coming re vival. One mark of recovery is the im portant new issues announced this week by the St. Paul and the Pennsylvania railroad systems. Both of these organi zations are about to put out important flotations, which they would not be apt to offer unless in their opinion the situ ation was favorable. Another indication of reviving confidence is the Increasing orders placed by the railroads for rails, cars and other materials. This changed attitude on part of railroad managers is no doubt largely due to the concessions j recently granted by the Interstate com merce commission, and the belief that that body has moderated its long con tinued attitude of hostility. ^Notwithstanding war the United States is in an exceedingly strong position from either the economic or the financial standpoint. This year we will get little or no European capital. We will be ob liged to finance our own requirements, and perhaps lend some assistance to Europe. Our indebtedness over there is already practically paid and we are for tunate .in this respect. Canada and Ar gentina have already com* t» New York for financial assistance and others will follow. This may be flattering to our financial pride, but these ventures into new fields will have to be tried with discretion.” WAR ECHOES Providence Journal: The dispatch from British East Africa which declares that the British battleship Goliath and light cruiser Fox have “carried out succcessful operations” against Dar-es-Salaam, the capital of German East Africa, leaves something to the imagination. Apparently the town was not captured, else the dispatch would have said so. But what are “successful operations” that fall short of that result? The brace of British ships, we learn, bombarded Dar es-Salaam and did “considerable dam age." Also, all the German vessels In the harbor were disabled, and a number of Germans and natives were taken pris oner. From this it appears that Dar-es-Sa laam remained in the hands of the enemy at the time the dispatch was filed. But with all the German vessels in port dis abled it .seems as if the British flag might soon be flying on the government build ings. One by one the German colonies are disappearing—as such—from the map. Philadelphia Telegraph: There is a Russian army on German territory, an other Russian army is marching deep into Hungary and a third Russian army has just administered a crushing defeat upon the Turks and opened the way for an Invasion of Asia Minor. “The bear that walks like a man” has gone into action with a vengeance. Had the Austro-Hungarians and the Turks more than held their own against the Czar’s legions while the military ma chine of the Kaiser ripped its way swift ly to Warsaw and beyond, the average observer would not have been surprised. All would have recalled Bukden and Port Arthur and murmured. “What could you expect of the Russian mob?” immediate consequences of these Rus sion victories are likely to be of several sorts—to shield his empire from destruc tion the Sultan may have to mass his forces on the Transcaucasian* borders, freeing Egypt from menace. Bucharest may go to war on the side of the allies to prevent invaded Transylvania and Bu kowina from becoming Russian instead of Roumanian territory. Or, with Russian bayonets piercing Austria-Hungary in the north, Italy may be persuaded to strike now for the recovery of Trieste and Trent. So much for allied optimism. The Kaiser may upset all this speculation to morrow by a decisive victory in Poland, Flanders or the north of France. PREPARE OPR NATIONAL PARKS Iron, the St. Louis Times. The time wus never more opportune than the present for preparing the great cen ters of interest ir the United States so that Americans may live up to that pa triotic and common sense slogan, “See America First." Foreign travel, so far as sight-seeing or touring goes, is at a standstill, and indications are that It will remain so Indefinitely. The large army of annual tourists will naturally turn their Attentions to America. How are we 'prepared to cater to their pleasure? There are at present 1.1 national parks, all under the direction and jurisdiction of Secretory of the Interior Lane. We arc justly proud of the recent move of the secretary in appointing a superin tendent for these parks, and we are still further pleased by the announcement that this superintendent has under way several plans which wlh make for the betterment of our rational show places. The entire deportment of the interior should strain every effort to ralBo our national parks to the highest standard, and the adminis tration Rt Washington should lend every aid In the accomplishment of the work. There Is a bill before the House in Washington which should be speedily passed. It provides for the establish ment of the fourteenth national area to be known as Rocky Mountain National park. This strip In Colorado, comprising 166 square miles of the most picturesque sec tion of the Rockies, can become as fam ous as the Rlgi of Switzerland, If only given the proper attention by Congress and the department of the interior. The bill has already passed the Senate; It Is to be hoped that congressmen will not overlook it curing the Stress and strain of their other duties. It may mean millions to America. ADVANCE IN OIL From the Pittsburg Sun. ;An advance of 6 cents a barrel in Penn sylavnla grade oil and the Kentucky oils and one of 10 cents in Corning mark the turning of the tide after a long depression following the war embargo on export shipments. It will be a great help to producers and Is particularly welcome to owners of small wells. In addition to its significance of relief from the war interference It may bo taken as indicating the zenith of the remarkable Cushing pool In Oklahoma That pool has never been equaled In the annals of "high grade" oil, being a repetlon of Cherry Grove on a far larger scale In Its rapid development and uni form heavy production. Whether the analogy holds In rapid decline remains to be seen, but the probabilities are against such a result, because the drill ing has been restricted to lease require ments. Cherry Grove, In Its phenomenal career, reached 40,000 barrels a day; Cushing has passed four times that amount. Many In Pltsburg will remem ber the depression caused by Cherry Grove—some with regret—and the spec ulative crate that followed. Fortunate ly for the Cushing producers thers has been no speculative market to spread ruin. SUFFERING MILLIONAIRES | • By BIIX VINKS | WASHINGTON, January 10.—(Spe cial.)—The most harrowing tales of distress and poverty come to us of stricken Belgium. We are requested to make donations for the clothing and feeding of these unfor tunate people, whose country has been devastated by grim and relentless war. Our hearts are moved to sympathy for them, and we dig up our hard-earned ( coin for their succor.- But pause, gentle reader, while I draw for you a picture of woe and misery right here in our own country, which is a direct result of this cruel war. pause, I beg of you, that we may consider together some adequate relief for the gloom and sor row’ that has fallen upon a part of our citizenry with a dull thud. There are at present hundreds of millionaires in Wall street who are un dergoing frightful torture. Many of them are right square up against it. Stocks and bonds have shrunk up till they look like a new' flannel undershirt after a hard day’s washing. Some stocks are now quoted at only a few points aJjove their actual value, and the cellars in the vicinity of Wall street are flooded with the water which has been squeezed from valuable securities. Many prominent brokers who have con templated extensive and expensive- ad ditions to their country and city resi dences this year have been compelled to forego every addition of this kind, except a blanket mortgage. The financial district of our great metropolis is filled with the unem ployed. Many poor brokers cannot get a job whereby they can earn an honest Living, because they neglected to get a “character” from the last place they worked. Some of them have suffered the humiliation of having to discharge one or two of their chauffeurs and have offered for sale a limosine or so, beln forced to economy by the unprecedente situation now existing. While we must do all In our pow« for suffering Europe, charity shoulj begin at home. Think of these poor, iri dignant millionaires facing a hard win ter, with anthracite coal, in many in stances from mines in which they hay stock, at $9 per ton? Something ougli to .be done for them to compensat them for the small crop of “lambs” til country produced this yeaj*. It must be a horrible situation l face for a man who has been nurse in the lap of luxury, and chorus girh who has to look to the future, realizirs that he has a wife and a large familj or so, dependent upon him, with abscj lutely no assets whatsoever except million or two dollars. Suddenly an unexpectedly deprived of his means c livelihood, it iB very discouraging. A dollar in Wall street looks like wheel to a circus wagon; it is sai that a $10 *#old certificate is exhibit^ in one of the offices under a heaid guard as a curiosity. We cannot but b lieve, however, that these reports a exaggerated. Perhaps with the flow of prosperl which is soon to burst upon the cou try—because of the bountiful crops and in spite of the European war, whi has simply delayed it, Wall street w revive and can struggle along a whi longer with a donation from the re of the country. Give them half a chance and they wake up and be lending us monq soon—of course, if our collateral i good. But it’ll have to be pretty goo< In the mean time, while we are think ing of hard times and our own trou bles, we should let our minds dwe upon these poor suffering millionaire and cheer up. BILL VINES. EFFECT OF BAD EYES From the Journal of the American Medi cal Association. MANY- people think but little of the consequences of bad eyes, unless blindness or very sore eyes are hreatened or present. Such conditions ire terrible, but they do not threaten the people or state as much as other eye liseases that are not apparently pitiable. People who are blind or whose eyes are Hopelessly diseased are usually taken care jf in Institutions and do not become a menace to the public. But school chil dren whose eyes look all right, but who lave certain diseases or defects that ren der study and education a hardship may become a danger to other people. A school child born with an undetected .•ataract or very nearsighted, so that he cannot see the blackboard, soon falls be hind his class and becomes discouraged with his school life. A child with far sight, or astigmatism nr some other defects of the eyes by which, when lie studies his eyes pain and he suffers from headache, will contract a dislike for books, study and education, Find will perhaps be punished or kept iftnr school for something for which he is really not to blame. Such children, their educational progress embarrassed or almost stopped by reason nf uncorrected physical defects, soon ac quire a loathing for education and all that education represents and, the seeds of idleness and iriesponsibility being sown, may develop into criminals and depen dents. No flight of fancy is required to trans form such children into the nonsupport ing “ne’er do well,” the wandering an menacing tramp or the idle pleasure seeking and misery-finding prostitute. Had eyes that hinder education mean distaste for school. Idleness, truancy, ba associates and habits, ‘drinking, gambling stealing, minder, prison and the gallow may follow. This is no fancy picture. it can be proved by observation an statistics. Visit the criminal courts, the reforms tcries, the jails and prisons, and how ofte do you liml lawbreakers from the rank of the educated. Some, It is true, are natural criminal! the offspring of criminal parents, bi even here there must have been a begin ning, proceeding some generations bad perhaps from some ancestor who was de prived of proper training and educatior possibly by bad eyes. The great mass of criminals, howevei are not brrn rt fenders, but become s through associations and lack of a cultl v.ihrg and ennobling education, which fi of course, practically impossible if ba eyes or other defects prevent a suitabl education. Education is l-cl of the greatest barrier to yrime and poverty. Tt is therefore essential that our .hi! .Iren, the c ruing generation, should b well educated, and that bad eyes, or an other physical or mental defects, shoul be detected and corrected, in order tha the acquirement of an education may be come as easy ana agreeable as possible. A CANNIBAL DOMAIN From the Cleveland Plain Dealer. HE people of Papua. Fays a writer In a current magazine, do not take kindly to white men. They regard ill strangers as more or less edible, but the white mfm Is not a desirable species. He is likely to be strongly flavored with lalt or tobacco or rum. Papuan gourmets tnd connoisseurs pass up the white man whenever they can. This tends to call attention to some facts ibout Papua. It IS the largest Island in the world, it one classes Australia as a mntinept and disregards the vague lands if the polar regions. Jt Is a fertile and dooming realm. It has climate in va •lety to suit almost any one. But It is nhablted by simioid anthropophagi with i rather ungracious distaste for Euro leans. This is strange, too, for three European intions theoretically hold possession of Papua. Holland, Germany and England lach have well defined areas of occupa tion. That is to say, the areas are well leflned on the maps. Really, however, less than half of Papua has been explored, rhe boundary lines are drawn through an inknowu Jungle. Dutch, Germans and English have been content to confine themselves to a narrow strip along the masts. There is no mystery in the world ..••••••••••••••••••••••••••«••••••••••••« more baffling than the Papuan interior It is one of the very few regions yet total ly unchartered. There are, doubtless, good reasons why more explorers havi not been attracted by the Papuan task. One reason may be a fear that the Pap uans, in an hour of need, might show themselves lacking in discrimination and partake of the explorers. There is to be no going forth against the cannibals this year. There is to bh a period of peace and plenty for the shag gy tribes. For two of the three na tions of Europe which have made theo retical annexation of Papua are going to fight each other right in Papua. It will be an amazing spectacle for the humans in gorilla form who are the native own* ?rs of the land. Master will fight against master. And, at the end of the fight ing, there will be no proper Papuan col lation. Papuans fight only for food, and It will be difficult for them to understand the meaning of lighting which has no such motive. Your Papuan going out to kill an enemy for breakfast is abhorrent but compre hensible. Your European going out to kill a few enemies for nothing in particular is abhorrent, but not comprehensible. Civ ilization. diligently applying both logic and ptthics, is as puzzled as the Papuan who has no forehead. JUST WOULDN’T BE GERMAN Prom the New York Times. A German appeared In the naturalization bureau for his second papers admitting him to citizenship yesterday. A comely woman came with him us his witness. “1 am his wife,” she said to' John Hein, who is in charge of the bureau. “You won’t do,” she was told, “because jnly a citizen can l>e a witness.” The woman bridled and said “I would have you know that I am a citizen; 1 was born in New Jersey. “But 1 positively will not be a German.” Bhe declared, “and I defy anybody to force me to be one.” "Well, well.” said Mr. Hein soothingly, "you will be an American again as soon as your husband gets his papers. “And 1 want to tell you,” said the woman, turning to her hushand, “that you Imd belter be quick about it. Why, that's the most ridiculous thing I ever heard of. It makes me feel like an orphan.” LAJOIE PASSES From the Cleveland Plain Dealer. For 13 years Napoleon Lajoie has been the big "Nap.” Other stars have come during this time, but they have made no such Impression on the Cleveland en thusiasts. Lajoie has been the great at traction, the one man whom Cleveland ers have most desired to see. Lajoie was a star of the first magnitude when he came to Cleveland. Thirteen years of active service have been piled on top of a reputation already estab lished. And not tin last year did It be gin to appear that Napoleon was no long er the “king” he used to be, that the years had robbed him of some part of his skill. Baseball players cannot last forever. Usually they last but a short tlms. Lajoie, with liis wonderfud physique and his ex cellent habits, has lived in baseb?U far beyond the average span of yearsr There is something pathetic in the rele gating of a popular idol to the "minors" or the "bush league” whence he came to startle the baseball world. Clevelanders will be well pleased that "Larry” has been spared this humiliation. He is sent from the tail end club to the club which is champion of the league. In whatever role the crafty Mack may place him all Cleveland will hope for Lajoie's success, alid will hope that his final retirement from the game may be indefinitely post poned. THE TAVERN OF THE BEES By Madison Cawein. Here's the tavern of the bees; Here the butterflies, that swing Velvet cloaks and to the breeze Whisper soft conspiracies, Pledge their Lord, the Fairy King; Here the hotspur hornets bring Fiery word, and drink away Heat and hurry of the day. Here the merchant bee, his gold On his thigh, falls fast asleep; And the armored beetle bold, Like an errant-knight of old, Feasts and tipples pottles-deep WniU) the friar crickets keep Croaking low a drinking song Like an Ave, all day long. Here the jeweled wasp, that goes On his swift highwayman way, Seeks a moment of repose, Drains his cup of wine of rose, Sheathes nis dagger for the day; A And the mbch. in downy gray, j| Like some day star of the gloom, ^ Slips into a perfumed room. When the darkness cometh on, Round the tavern, golden green, Fireflies flit with torches wan. Looking if the guests he gone.