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IS. W. BARRETT. . .Editor Entered at the Birmingham, Ala., , postoffice as second class matter under jt' act of Congress March 3, 1879. Daily and Sunday Age-Herald. . $8.00 Daily and Sunday, per month.79 I Dally and Sunday, three months. 2.0) | . Weekly Age-Herald, per annum. . . .5 » . § Sunday Age-Herald. 2.00 i A. J. Eaton. Jr., and O. E. Young are the only authorised traveling repre 1 ' sentatives of The Age-lie raid in its cir culation department. £ No communication will l>e published » without its author's name. Rejected H manuscript will not be returned unless ; stamps are enclosed for that purpose. Remittances can be made at current j| rats of exchange. The Age-Herald will I not be responsible for money sent through the mails. Address. THE AGE-HERALD. Birmingham, Ala. Washington bureau. 207 Hibhs build ing. European bureau. G Henrietta street. Covent Garden, London. ' Eastern business office, Rooms *18 i » 50, inclusive, Tribune building, New York city; western business office*. Tribune building, Chicago. The S. C. Beckwith Special Agency, agents for eign advertising. TELEPHONE ■ell (private exchange connecting all departments) Main 4000. I - j How oft the night of means to do 111 deeds make deeds III done! —King John. ■■GINNING THE DAY—O God of i all grace, and Father of all pity, hn*e ! mercy thin day upon the mea an«l women, who, In prison-houses of ilic aoul, wonder If God hnn forgotten. Let there he light that Thy face may he seen. And It there In n message that I ean carry, O God, send me. Amen.—H. M. E. Art Exhibits in Public Library Thirty-five or forty years ago not more than five or six cities in this ; country were fortunate enough to | have art galleries. Such institutions . ' Were founded and maintained by , . wealthy individuals, and even today only in very large cities are to be J. found galleries containing pictures i and sculpures of high merit. But i cultural activities are so widespread i and touch life at so many angles that | ? the time will soon come when all i cities, small as well as large, will have | permanent art exhibitions free to the i public. 1 For several years past Birming- i | j ham’ Art club, made up for the most ■ part of young women, has been hold ing annual exhibits, in which many ) beautiful pictures are displayed. Each I year an increased interest has been manifested in these local exhibits. I Art taste, like everything else that is elevating, is a matter of cultivation, and the art club is entitled to the f gratitude of all people striving to im f prove this community’s esthetic and humanizing atmosphere. And now a new forward step has I been taken in the promotion of art culture in Birmingham. A series of art exhibits at the public library has - been inaugurated under the joint su i pervision of the library director and the chief of the art department in the I public schools. The pictures making • up the first exhibit were executed by 1 school children in the elementary grades and the high school. Next i month a group of pictures from the Chicago Art institute will be brought to Birmingham and displayed at the ; library. This collection will contain r many works by artists of established reputations. In the latter part of March pictures will be brought here from the Pratt Art institute of Brooklyn, and later I on there will be pictures from the Boston Museum of Art and from the i Art Museum of Philadelphia. This j enterprise on the part of the library i management will lead ultimately to a j permanent art museum here. Some day Birmingham will have a hand | some public library, and when the time comes for building such an edi . fice a large section of it should be set apart for an art gallery. In the meantime lovers of the beau tiful will derive great pleasure and j profit from the various exhibits that have now been provided. The Confederate Flag “The Confederate flag was as great an improvement on the old United States emblem as ‘Dixie’ (the na tional anthem of the south) was on *Yaskee Doodle,’ ” is the statement I made by a writer in the Pittsburg . Post, in discussing national era ; hums. ‘It would have been a stroke pf diplomacy,’’ the writer continues, “if the United States government, on the downfall of the Confederacy, had fdopted the southern flag instead of Iha old one, and ‘Dixie’ as the na ► tfamal anthem instead of ‘Yankee Boodle.’ As conquerors of the Con iodoracy hey were quite entitled to ’ 4» this, while the action would have •tested he south and done much to SSiaova that bitterness, which is not pit entirely effaced, between the two : groat sections of the country.” .; This suggestion is interesting, but |fcUfly because the person who makes > |t believes that the ‘‘Stars and Bars” pske a better flag, in the sense of a •wee artistic flag, than the “Stars if Dad Stripes.” There can be little dif I jBseace of opinion ee to the merits of “Dixie” and “Yankee Doodle,” from a musical point of view. “Dixie” is played and applauded in all parts of the country now, regardless of sec tional feeling, if any really exists, while “Yankee Doodle” is accepted more on account of what it stands for than for its musical qualities. Retaining the “Stars and Stripes” as the national flag was the sensible thing to do after the civil war. The adoption of the Confederate flag as a national emblem was out of the ques tion at that time and even the south would not care to make the change now. The time has come when ♦ 2 “Stars and Stripes” arouse enthusi asm in all parts of this country and sectional feeling is quite dead. The southern man is as quick to resent an insult to “Old Glory” as the northern man and the flag is reverenced by him just as highly, although at the same lime he reverence the “Stars and Bars,” which belong to the past. Business Review Encouraging The New York weekly review' of :he business situation is decidedly en couraging. There was a distinct gain n steel mill production and the iron market, which it was believed might relapse into dullness, held its own. Foreign cotton buyers are eagerly covering supplies for future needs. 1'he foreign demand for foodstuffs is jnabated. Railroad traffic showed an increase last week as compared with the same week a year ago. And among the most significant statements com ing from New York are that “the easy money market and abundant tanking supplies have had a pro lounced influence in reviving invest ment inquiry,” and that restored con ’idence has brought out the fact that -here are unsuspected reserves of cap tal awaiting investment. On the whole the weekly review is he most buoyant issued since the be ginning of the new' year. Railroads and the Unemployed The Republican club of New York is lot a political 'organization, as its lame might imply, but is a civic or ganization composed of prominent nen, resident and non-resident, re gardless of their party affiliation. It s one of the older clubs, but only re ■ently has it become widely known as 1 center of influence in large public iffairs. A few weeks ago Secretary of War Lindley M. Garrison addressed the dub on the national defense. Last Saturday William Jennings Bryan, Secretary of State, and B. F. Yoakum, chairman of the Frisco lines, were the speakers. Mr. Bryan held the view that government ownership of rail roads was inevitable. Mr. Yoakum’s theme was “Rail roads, Government Ownership and :he Unemployed” and his presentation >f the question was very different From Mr. Bryan’s. Several months rgo Mr. Yoakum, discussed in a carefully prepared paper the rela tion of the railroads to the govern ment, in which he argued in favor of government co-partnership rather chan government ownership. In his tddress before the Republican club he called attention to the vast number >f unemployed men in this country it the present time and stressed the ooint that the way for the govern ment to help improve conditions would je in opening some of the vast pub ic domain to settlers from the pop ulation of congested cities. The government still has approxi mately 2,000,000,000 acres of land, nost of which is well suited to farmi ng. If it be suggested that the un employed would not avail themselves >f the opportunity of settling on land hat the government might provide, Mr. Yoakum called attention to the ’act that whenever the government ias opened up and offered new lands .0 the general public people from all larts of the United States and of all classes have camped on the lines of ■eservations for weeks in advance, and lave “almost rioted among themselves n their eagerness to catch the first signal from the government that the Farm lands were open for settlement.” Mr. Yoakum felt sure that the un employed men and women of New' York, Chicago and other big centers would be willing to do nearly anything that would furnish homes for them selves and an opportunity to educate their children. He gave it as his opinion that if the government would act on the line that he suggested the railroads would at once begin con struction work and build into large stretches of undeveloped territory that would become productive just as soon as new settlers acquired farm acreage. He presented recent statis tics to show that there had been no railroad extension since 1912. In the 30 years previous to that time new construction averaged 6000 miles a year. As to government ownership, Mr. Yoakum said it did not matter much who owns the railroads, because the government will exercise the same regulative control over them as if it really owned them. He thought the people would be slow to add 1,700,000 employes to its pay rolls. Moreover, there would be, he said, a storm of op* position on the part of the people who have fixed and old-fashioned notions about a large public debt. Another point Mr. Yoakum brought out was that the railroads pay $143,000,000 in taxes annually. If the government owned the roads they could not be taxed. Mr. Yoakum’s views, especially as to the desirability of the government opening large tracts of its public do main for settlers should have a dis tinct appeal at this time. It is a very feasible proposition, and the discus sion of it may lead to results. Certain it is, anything tending to improve in dustrial conditions and afford oppor tunities for the unemployed is well worth considering. American Red Cross work in the Euro pean war is carried on by 45 surgeons and 150 nurses. There are eight hos pitals in different belligerent countries under the charge of these workers, and since tlie. war began they have done a gieat deal to alleviate suffering, some of the most famous surgeons of this country hating devoted themselves to the service. The American Red Cross hospital In Paris Is one of tlie most noted institutions of its kind In Europe, although there are other American hospitals, quite as well equipped for taking care of sick and wounded soldiers of the warring nations. Great quantities of medical supplies have also been provided. A recent report of the American Red Cross society showed tliaL from August 1. 3911. to January 9. 191.,. $1,188,112 had been contributed, of which $700,510 had been used, leaving a balance of $427,802 to carry on the work. Of this amount $150.000 will be needed to maintain the.present staff in Europe for six months and provide for their return to tlie United States. Detractors of the President accuse him of selfishly building up a political ma chine to Insure Ills renomination. There arc doubtless critics mean enough to say tlmt the White House baby is merely an other scheme to Increase the President s Popularity. A sporting authority says Jack Johnson hasn't touched a drop of alcohol in more than a year. His thirst by this time must be tremendous—If .John Arthur has really abstained. The simple natives in uncivilized parts of the world may fight among themselves, but they al least localize war, and that's more than so-called civilized people do. A quackless duck was exhibited at a Chi cago poultry show. Taking the quack out of a duck must be as hard to do as removing the stickers front a cactus. Some of the Germans continue to say that they have only one enemy, Oreat Biitaln, but they are not, as a rule, the men who are doing the fighting. Given a sufficiently attractive cover, of the "girl" variety, it matters not what the contents of a magazine may be. The sales will be a large. The man who is accused of having start ed tlie European war lias resigned. If the man behind the gun could resign there wouldn't be any war. When gossip begins to trickle in from the spring training catnp the baseball fan feels that life once more means some thing to him. Wondrous tales are told about King Al bert In the newspapers. He has already been elevated to the rank of superking. Mr. Fairbanks Is said to be dreaming pleasant dreams about 1916. There’s a superior brand of optimism for you! There Is still a difference of opinion as to whether the Zeppelins are a great suc cess or a total failure. In the Sunday newspapers the imagina tions of the war correspondents are given wide latitude. The Russians seem to be taking the war seriously, even if the young men of Eng land do not. Being President of Mexico should be classed among the extra hazardous profes sions. POETIC JUSTICE From Collier's. According to Mr. Thomas Dreler of Cambridge, Mass., when a man is found drunk In the streets of Copenhagen, "he Is placed In a cab, taken to the police sta tion, examined by a doctor, and then sent home In the cab. Next morning the bill for the doctor and the cab Is sent to tho publican who served the victim with his last drink." This Is all very well, but our sinAt lawyers would make short work of such a statute. They would prove: First, that the man was In a twilight state of ill ness; second, that he had had another drink later; third, that the barkeeper was trying to sober him; fourth, that the fine amounted to an unconstitutional confis cation of property, and fifth, that two commas were misplaced In the rounds man's report of the affair That plan may work very well In Copenhagen, but the United States Is different. POINTED PARAGRAPHS From the Chicago News. You cannot buy experience on credit. A female cynic Is one who declares that all men are alike. A man with a grievance never misses an opportunity to air It. A woman Isn't necessarily a jewel be cause she Is set In her ways. He is a poor sign painter who Is unable to make a name for himself. Even a suffragette may be able to select a good brand of complexion powder, A girl's Idea of a ringleader Is the first man to come along with a solltarle. The meek may Inherit the earth some day, but the other fellow has a mortgage on It right now. It Is easy for a shiftless man to tell what wonderful things he would do If he only had a million plunks. Every man knows of a lot of good things he might have Invented If he had only thought of them before the other chap did. History records the one race won by the easy going tortoise, but says never a word about the many previous races won by the tors. IN HOTEL LOBBIES When Will the War End f "No one seems to be venturing even a guess as to just when the war will end, but most people with whom I talk have and idea that by 1916 peace will be re stored,” said H. M. Wilcox of Washing ton, D. C. "Some persons still attach great im portance to Lord Kitchener's statement that the war will last three years or more, but I would be willing to make a wager that It will be ended much sooner than that. I believe that two or three decisive battles this spring will result in peace negotiations.” Regiments of Regulars on Parade "MaJ. Gen. Leonard Wood, command ing the division of the east, did a good thing the other day when he had a full regiment of regulars—the Thirteenth infantry, headed by its splendid band parade through the streets of New York," said E. W. Norton of the borough of Manhattan., "When the United States army was limited to 25,000 men it was easy to understand why there could be no full regimental parades. The troops were scattered, and only a few army posis had as many as four companies of either branch of the service together. But now that the army is considerably larger, al though not large enough, perhaps, sev eral full regiments are stationed near large cities. "An occasional regimental parade is well worth while. In the first place the people appreciate military display now and then. The Thirteenth regiment pa raded from the Battery to Fifty-fourth street and thousands of people stood on the sidewalks and applauded. It was the first time that many of them had Keen as many as 1000 soldiers together in one command. The regulars them selves seemed to enjoy the parade. It was certainly a novel experience for them. General Wood and perhaps other commanders who have headquarters in large cities will order out regiments for parade purposes at leust once a year. * World Not So Large "This is a small world of ours, even f It is 25,000 miles in circumference,” «aid Vernon Brabham, the "travel slip” nan of South Carolina, who is now in Jirmiilgham. "My home is in Bamberg, ■?. O., a small but delightful town, whose mly claim to fame is that the "travel dip’ idea originated therein. Over TO rears ago ‘Jo©’ Thompson and I were joys there, went to school together, ;re\v up together, and then separated. "When Joe left Bamberg he had a few lundred dollars and a strong ' letter •ommending him from my father, wno :iad employed both of us boys. That was rears ago. really so many 1 don't just exactly like to specify. Even thoughts if those days carry me far back into childhood. "But, when l came to Birmingham lbout two weeks ago, whom should I sec, almost the first person 1 came Across, but Joe Thompson, the boy who rirst wandered away from old Bamberg to seek his fortune, with my father’s letter In his pocket. Joseph G. Thompson is of the Herzog-Thompson Jewerly Co. And, when I found ‘Joe’ I ceased to feel like a stranger in a strange land, be atise even though he Is today one of Birmingham’s leading merchants, yet to me ho is still the same ‘Joe' as he was when wo were boys together.” Inclement Sunday Weather "Birmingham has had about as much freezing temperature winter as usual, but it has had more beautiful days than T have known in a residence cere of nearly 20 years," said a club man. “We have had several days at a time of balmy spring-like weather—al most summer temperature—but 1 do not recall a winter when there was so few bright Sundays. Two Sundays ago we had sunshine, but with that exception, I think, it his rained or been raw and dreary either all day or a part of the day. I predict, however, an early spring; but we may know more about this after ground hog day." (•sing and Fish (ominlHnloner "I was glad indeed to learn that the department of game and fish of which John II. Wallace is the commissVnjer, will not be abolished,” said a member of the Chamber of Commerce, who is a lover of nature and of field sports. ‘“Commissioner Wallace is excep tionally well equipped for his work. He loves all of God’s creatures and it is safe to say that no one in the state ?ould have done so much to arouse an Interest in the game laws as he. Jiis office, as I understand it, is self-sup porting from hunters’ licenses. Jn the work of conserving our game and fish Mr. Wallace has done wonders; and After all results count.” Iliac la Stock Exchange Values llenry Clews, in his Saturday review, jays In part: ‘The rise in confidence noted for some Reeks past is already expressing itself n business Improvement. Since reopen ing of the stock exchange values of ac tive stocks have risen on an average of from 5 to 7 points, and in some cases the advance lias been as much as !0 points and over. So far, the rise has been accomplished without any impor tant realizing either by foreign or do mestic interests. The market shows a steady broadening of activity and gives every indication of a sound and healthy change for the better. Among the most encouraging elements have been the ease of money, the adjustment of credit to war conditions and the extraordinary expansion in our export trade. Cheap money makes many securities look very attractive, and is a powerful factor in stimulating the speculative purchases. "With a continuance of the present improvement in«confidence further busi ness activity should be expected, espe citlly w'hen the coming of spring per mits the resumption of outdoor work. The steel trade is showing more or less improvement. The United States Steel corporation is now running at 47 per cent of Its total capacity for steel in gots, compared with 25 per cent In No vember, when depression was keenest. Fair orders have been placed for rails, rolling stock, etc., and present low prices are quite likely to stimulate the demand for construction material. In the textile trades there is also a widening of actiivty. Cotton goods are in better request owing to low prices, and a de cidedly optimistic tone prevails In some branches of the textile industry, notably the hosiery trade. "There is no occasion for modifying the very hopeful views expressed in these advices for several weeks past; In fact, we see no reason why improve ment should not continue in the absence of unfavorable developments. So far as the stock market is eonceraed a steady broadening of activity is expected, though considering the recent rise the inducements for realizing will Increase as the advance progresses.” THE BROTHERHOOD OF ARMS From the New York Tribune. The most interesting report we have seen of soldier spirit at the front comes from a young British officer attached to the Yorkshire Light Infantry writing to the London Times. We give the passage at length both for the touching incident recited and for its comment on German fighting men: "One wonders, when one sees a German face to face, is this really one of those devils who wrought such devastation— for devastation they have surely wrought. You can hardly believe it, for lie seems much the same as other soldiers. I can assure you that there is none of the insen sate hatred that one hears about, out here. "Just to give you some idea of what I mean, the other night four German snip ers were shot on our wire. The next night our men went out and brought one in who was near and get-at-able and buried him. They did it with just the same rev erence and sadnes3 as they do to our own dear fellows. I went to look at the grave the next morning, and one of the most uncouth-loking men in mV company had placed a cross at the head of the grave, and had written on it: " 'Here lies a German. We don’t know his name. He died bravely lighting For his fatherland.’ "And under that, ‘got mitt uns" (sic), that being the highest effort of all the men at German. Not bad lor a bloodthirs ty Briton, eh? Really that shows the spirit.” This "uncouth-looking” Tommy Atkins' makes ari odd contrast with the haters, German and English, who are doing their bating at home, safely beyond the reach of shell or bayonet. The ease may be a high-light, just as the lieutenant-author of the letter shows an exceptional gift of writing. But the spirit is not exceptional or infrequent in the columns of letters home which the London newspapers are running. We suspect that it will be hard to end1 such friendliness absolutely. Excuses for a white flag, followed by an exchange of cigarettes and a little chat between trenches, are always easy to And. It is human nature at its best, coming to the surface through the inspiration of a ter rible trial, that arouses this spirit. And where the spirit is present it is hard to stop its expression, no matter what mili tary authority orders or how hotly hatred Mazes among the stay-at-homes. FREAKS SAT FOR ARTIST "When I was in Cincinnati,” writes Hy Mayer, the famous cartoonist, in the Feb rary Strand, "I was working on a paper the very name of which 1 have forgotten. Anyway, the editor was also the press :tgent for Kohl and Middleton, the dime museum people, and one day he sug gested that as the paper was rather shaky. I might find employment in mak ing posters showing the armless wonder, the fat lady, the living skeleton, and •ther freaks attached to the Kohl and Middleton show. “I agreed to this, and set to work with enthusiasm- The garret of the dime mu seum was converted into a studio, and there my queer subjects sat to me. They were all very pleasant and—appar ently—quite happy, and possessed of thoughts and emotions Very similar to our own. They would converse about the vis itors and recount little items of gossip which they thought w ,uld interest me. After the sittings I would lunch -n fa mine—It was part of my payment—and I shall never forget the scene as all these oddities crowded around the big table. The food was of the best—the freaks saw to that—but wrhile the fat woman was allowed to consume what she pleased— and she didn’t seem to have a very large appetite—the living skeleton had visually to make merry on a spoonful of soup and a rusk, for fear he should become robust and lose his job. However, he didn’t seem to mind, and often spoke of the time when, having retired, he would be able to eat what he wanted and get as stout as nature intended him. I made many posters which they wrere kind enough to Fay were ‘very striking,’ but I cannot honestly say that I enjoyed the work.” A NEW WORD From the Wichita Beacon. Jonathan Bourne of Oregon has found a perfectly good word. He starts an in terview in the Washington Times thus: "The present conflict between the Pres ident and the United States Senate over appointment of federal employes in vari ous states echinates a very grave evil In our form of government.” Huh? Echinates? Yes. It is in the dictionaries of as early a date as 1913, but apparently Jonathan is the only one wiio has found it. The dic tionary says: Echlnate, v. t.—To render prickly or bristly. Fine word, that. When a thing becomes an issue between men or in politics, it pricks its partisans forward and bristles bravely toward its foes. And it is because real progress; real fundamental truth has the quality of everlasting echination (that’s one Jona-1 than hasn’t seen) that truth and right will not down. The pesky thing is so prickly and irritating to our hearts and heads and sense of justice that we can't ignore it. Thus progress echinates and. echinat ing, goes forward. # THIS BOXER OF TODAY "The boxer of today,” writes Freddie Welsh in the February Strand, "is not the beetle-browed and scarred veteran of the past. He must, if he hopes to approach championship class, be a man possessed of brains, a man with a capacity for thinking all the while a contest is in prog ress. He must be cool and level-headed. Once he loses the command of his temper all is lost. He becomes wild and erratic, he loses touch with the finer points of the sport altogether, he beoomes just a tar get for the gloves of his opponent. They tap him from all quarters with irritating frequency, the points are scored up against him at a lighting rate, and, al though he may be strong and well at the end of the final round, he is the loser. "Take any of the modem champions, and what do we find? Just that they have come out of their contests practically un marked. Speaking for myself, during my career In the ring I have taken part in 113 contests. My photograph speaks for itself. Do I look a battered veteran? I know I would not win any prise beauty championship, but 1 am just driving homa the point that a man need not carry the marks of the fray about with him. - In nearly 10 years of boxiug with 113 oppo nents and a thousand sparring partners,, — | “HOW OLD ARE YOU?” ' ' ' •r i?i<ii nitma WASHINGTON, January 24.—(Spe cial.)—If the plain peepul of the United States are not up-to-date In all matters pertaining to their welfare under any and all conditions it will be no fault of the public service which lies awake nights thinking up Information to Jmpart to said plain peepul for their bene fit. Not the least of these watchful pub lic servants is the public health service. Not long ago the public health service! mailed all over the country a large issue i of a huletir.’on the folly, to say nothing of the atrocious tastes, of wearing red flannel undergarments. Red flannel un dergarments we are informed are neither attractive, nor do they commend them-I selves for their beauty. They are espe cially offensive to bovlnes of the male! gender, and consequently are seriously detiimer.tal to health. The peepul are warned against the weakness of wearing red flannels, which it seems has grown to be a habit with some folks. Those who are adicted to this practice are urged to refrain from it, not only because it is a menace to their constitutions and con-, duclve 10 colds, but besides red flannels; are not worn in our best circles. Njw the public health service again comes to bat and calls upon us to re-1 member our ages. In fact, the bulletin; just Issued point blank in the opening, paragraph asks "How old are you?” Of! course it it not incumbent upon ladies who feel some delicacy in disclosing the exac t dates they were issued into this cold : aid uncharitable world to write a letter! to the public health service and give them tills information, which could be of no possible use to them, but it is merely in- ; tended t'^ startle you with the informa-! tion which foliows that there are a great many peepul in the United States who do not actually know* their own ages, and of the consequent embarrassment that might acrue from such ignorance. "You will need this information when you apply for a marriage license, or in registering for voting, or in seeking a government position," says' the bulletin. "Or." It adds, "in ease you claim that you are an heir to a fortune that is going to some other person. You may have to go under oath as to your age when you pay your customs duties upon return from your next European trip, so you ought to practice up." Also you are Informed that if you do uot know your age you might be greatly em barrassed if you should want to marry in Europe. Think of what a little tiling like this might mean to you. Suppose you had forgotten, or failed to know, the exact date you were born, and were on a trip to Europe and had the opportunity to marry a foreign duke—or dukess. Your romance would be knocked into a beef stew by this almost criminal negligence, and in addition thereto the duke or dukess would be unable to pay off the mortgage on his, or her, ns the case might be. family estate an through your careless ness. The health bureau offers a tot of rhythmic aids to the memory on the sub ject of ages. One should practice these so they could kind ’er sing them off, so to speak. For Instance, take the case of John, who is nearly IS. When John is asked ills age, lie could strike an at titude and get something like tills out of his system: "In eighteen hundred and ninety-seven Little Johnny came from heaven." Or take the ease of the middle-aged man who arrived Just a little too late to wit ness any part of the late unpleasantness,! "The half century for me will soon airi’• For f was horn in—in sixty-five.” You see how simple it is. it don’t mat ter when you were born, you can easily figure out some nice little rhyme to lit your especial case, and if you have no turn for such things you might send the date of your birth to Mellow Hellow llil cox, and she will, doubtless, for a small consideration, ilx you up. Any way it is of such importance you ought not to longer neglect it. AS TO LIMITING ATHLETicS™ Prom the New York Sun. PARTISANS of college athletics be come impatient when the faulty method of excessive exercise is pointed out, and those who claim con servation in this regard grow unrea sonable when they encounter opposi tion.’ College athletics has been estab lished so long that efforts to confine it within moderate limits are met with vigorous protest rather than with so ber discussion. That the strenuous training of stu dents of mature age has been pro ductive of lamentable results when these hard and big muscled young men failed to continue or were forced to discontinue the active training to which they were indebted for muscular prow ess has been demonstrated too fre quently to be disregarded in a dis cussion of college athletics. This be ing true of college athletics it becomes more forcefully apparent in athletics of high schools, “team" competition practiced by boys of less developed physique, in whom the process of growth must be seriously interfered with by training for competitive con tests. The Journal of the American Medical association calls attention to the fact that protests are coming from various parts of the country setting forth the menace presented by the ten dency to deter’oration of the Ameiican boy or girl arising from severe athletic tiaining during this adolescent period. While systematic exercise or physi cal culture under • an intelligent in structor is rewarded by beneficent re sults, competitive athletics demanding change of diet .and habits and self denial has been found to impair keen ness of intellect as well as the integ rity of the body. Well thought out ex ercise, no matter how strenuous when adapted to the age-and constitutional capacity of the boy or girl, together with interesting social functions, re lieves the monotony of school life. But as the investigations of Professor Bar deen of the Wisconsin university have clearly shown, from 5 to 10 per cent of the freshmen in that university al ready present enlargement of the heart and dilation attributable to indulgence in athletic sports, which appear to nave become a sine qua non in our prepara tory schools. This handicap weighs the sWident down throughout his w hole college career, making him unhappy by reason of his being debarred from all exercise and really diminishing hi3 ca pacity for scholastic w'ork. The lesson is obvioud. to limit boys and girls to systematic and mildly ex acting exercises that do not induce nervous and muscular strain luring ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••I EPISTLE TO A FRIEND By Robert Burns. Today is the 166th anniversary of the birthday of the illustrious poet, Robert Burns. Below is printed a copy of his "Epistle to a Young Friend," Andrew Aiken, which, in the opinion of some crit ics, is the best didactic poem in the Eng lish language. I lang hao thought, my youthfu' friend, A something to have sent you. Though it should serve nae other end Than just a kind memento; But how the subject theme may gang, Let time and chance determine; Perhaps it may turn out a sang. Perhaps turn out a sermon. Ye'll try the world fu’ soon, my lad. And, Andrew dear, believe me, You’ll find mankind an unco squad, And muckle they may grieve ye; For care and trouble set your thought, Even when your end’s attained; And a’ your views may come to nought. Where every nerve is strain’d. I'll no say men are villains a’; The real harden'd, wicked, Wha hae nae oheck but human law. Are to a few restricked; But. ochl mankind are unco weak, And little to be trusted; If self the wavering balance shake. It’s rarely right adjusted! Yet they wha fa' In fortune's strife. Their fate we shouldna censure, For still the important end of life -They equally may answer; X man may hae an honest heart. "Though poortlth hourly stare him; X man may tak a nelbor’s part, . — Yet hae na cash to spare him. '* Aye free, aff han’ your story tell, /When wl’ a bosom crony; But still keep something to yourael’ / Ye scarcely tell to ony. Jconceal yoursel', as sreel's ye can I Frae critical dissection; I But keep through every other man, [ Wj’ sharpened, sly Inspection, The sacred lowe o' weel-placed love. Luxuriantly indulge it; But never tempt the illicit rove, Though naethlng should diviulge it; I waive the quantum o' the sin. The hazard of concealing; But, och! it hardens a' within. And petrifies the feeling! To catch Dame Fortune's golden smile Assiduous wait upon her: And gather gear by every wile That's justified by honour; Not for to hide It in a hedge. Nor for a train-attendant; But for the glorious privilege Of being independent. The fear o' hell's a hangman's whip To baud the whetch in order; But where ye feel your honour Wo. Let that aye be your boraer; Us slightest touches, instant pause— Debar a’ side pretences; And resolutely keep its laws, Uncaring consequences. The great Creator to revere Must sure become the creature; But still the preaching cant forbear. And even the rigid feature; Yet ne’er with wits profane to range. Be complaisance extended; An atheist laugh's a poor exchange For Deity offended! When ranting round in Pleasure’s ring. Religion may be blinded; Of if she gle a random sting, It may be little minded; But when on life we're tempest-driven, A conscience but a canker— . correspondence fix'd wi' Heaven .I. iii a no|,ie anchor! » ■* Adieu, dear, amiable youth! Your heart can ne’er be wanting! May prudence, fortitude and truth Erect your brow undauntingi In ploughman phrase, "Ood send yon speed,” Still dally to grow wiser; And may you better reck the rede T|um ever did th' adviser. the growing period of life, to avoid al together all violent competitive work. eis has been recently done in bicycling 80 miles by several boy scouts in mid winter as an endurance test. Th j hu man body is a self-regulating machine that may he depended upon safely after it has reached maturity. Previous to this period its various parts are not sufficiently developed to regulate the organic compensatory functions. STORIES OP COLLEGE LIFE rrom the Harvard Lampoon. Anybody can write a story about col ege life. If he has not attended a college, so much the better. His imagination is ess trammeled. A few simple rules must 30 observed, however. 1. All heroes are named Jack, Stanley >r Dick. 2. All college men wear sweaters al ways .and smoke short, fat-bowled pipes. 3 There is always a “Fatty," who is i funny fellow. 4. Any four college men make up a quartet, which can sing "Merhileee we ro-hull alonnng" at any time. 5. All college men are wooing a girl named Dorothy or Betty, who is * sweet and pure as an angel.” 6. All college men address each other as “old boss." 7. College men never study, but spend their time in tossing repartee back and forth. 8. All college rooms are adorned with pennants. ,9. All college men call their fathers ‘pater" and speak of the “honor of the Sear old school" in a husky voice. THE ARMY ENGINEERS From Popular Electricity and Modern Mechanics. “They Also Serve” should be the inscrip tion on the crest of the army engineers. In the American service it is “Essayons.” ‘‘Let Us Try,” and in the grim chapters which war has graven upon the pages of history, they have not been found want ing. The service is not spectacular, and there is little mention of their deeds in the glowing stories which are spread broadcast over the world, but the roll of honor and the roll of the fallen both contain honored names from this infre quently thought of service. They are cogs in the war machine, as ill the branches of the service are, yet to the soldiers who are supplied and kept upon the fighting line for offense and de fense most of the honor is accorded by the ■world. The engineers and the bridge trains on the whole, though, know and are rather proud of themselves in a very modest little way.