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The Birmingham age-herald. [volume] (Birmingham, Ala.) 1902-1950, January 30, 1915, Image 10

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THE UNITED STATES
BOUGHT PEACE WITH
_
"
The Alabama Congressman
Makes Final Appeal in
House for More Ade
quate Navy
Washington, Januaiy —In tt final
appeal in the House tonight for a
larger navy. Representative Hobson of
Alabama declared it was his firm
conviction that the Vnited States had
secured peace with Japan only by giv
ing assurances of speedy retirement
from the Philippines. In a part of his
speech, which went into the record
but was not actually delivered, ne said
he believed that when the American
fleet went around the world during the
Roosevelt administration it was al
lowed to go to Japan only on the
assurance that it would be out of the
I*ncific ocean by a fixed time.
Formal denial by Secretary Bryan
that the administration’s Philippine
policy had been in any way affected by
negotiations with Japan or that the
subject had been discussed here or in
Tokio, was quoted by Mr. Hobson with
tho remark that this did not change
his belief, as he would expect the sec
retary to deny it.
“I am further convinced,” Mr. Hob
• son continued, “that our first inquiry
into the indentions of Japan in seiz
ing Kiauchau and the islands in til
Pacific will not be followed tip, at
least by this administration, and that
Japan, as a juice of jjeace, will be
given a free hand in China with Hr
prospect of the complete overthrow of
the open door policy, leaving China t-»
its fate to become a governed nation,
while the commerce of America, which
in cotton goods alone fell off over
$20,000,000 in Manchuria after Japanese
occupation, will be at the mercy of a
competitor; while the overthrow of the.
balance of power in the Pacific would
lead to an inevitable war.”
Reviews Situation
Representative Hobson said he had
felt for sometime that the fleet never
would go to ihe Pacific under th« ■
present administration. He reviewed
the situation in Europe, referring to
criticisms of America’s conduct in the
war and to “arbitrary treatment of
American shijis” and declared tin* sit
uation closely paralleled the conditions
which led to the war with France in
ISOO and to that with England in 1812.
‘‘Napoleon’s resentment, which led to
the war with France in 1800,” he said,
‘‘was not as intense as the growing
resentment of Germany today at. the
great source of supply of war mate
rials lie enemy allies are finding In
America. Great Britain's attitude to
wn! d our purchase of ships of Ger
many is nothing short of menacing.”
All these things. Mr. Hobson insist
ed, proved the imperative necessity of
strengthening the American navy far
beyond the point now contemplated. He
discussed the navy at length, compared
it with tin* sea forces of foreign pow
ers, and a j) pi1 a led for a reorganization
and for more men and more ships.
In a reply to Mr. Hobson, Represen
tative Williams of Illinois ridiculed the
idea of Jajian landing an invading force
on the Pacific boast and insisted that
war from any side was but a remote
possibility.
Earlier in tin* day Representative
Gardner of Masschusetts spoke in
support of his resolution for i < om
misslon investigation of the country’s
defenses.
Right Expected
General debate on the naval bill was
closed bit*- tonight and reading of the
measure for amendment will begin to
morrow. The most vigorous fight will
be over the Construction programme
providing for two battleshij^s and a
number of auxiliaries. Representative
Hobson and others will endeavor to
liav>‘ that programme enlarged while
others favor reducing it.
Representative Hobson declared in
the course of his debate that President
Wilson and Secretary Bryan were, the
greatest obstacles to national defense
On Feb. 15 th
Mi: will. Ill S( (INTI \ l E THE
* GREATEST
Bargain
Sale of
Hats
| IIVKH \TTE!*II»TEIJ
JUST THINK! NOW VOl CAN UVY
.*.$1.00
HATS FOR . $1.85
M.OO (PS) ni\
HATS FOB .dZ.nl!
*r,.(io mg ra
HATS FOR .OD.Dl!
I
l J912-1914 First Avenue
\ ‘— -
Beau Brummei’s Linen
EXCELSIOR Made His Reputation As
LAUNDRY the Best Dressed Man
Secoad Ave. But hundreds of men in Birmingham now
5312 Main have the Beau's clean, well groomed look
1 because of Excelsior's superb laundry ser
vice. Be one of them.
Cost So Little—Phone Us
Sketches from Life .\ By Temple
Helping Gran’pa
and it seemed singular that the move
ment for prohibition likewise found its
greatest opposition from this admin
istration.
“If national prohibition and national
defense are the greatest questions in
America, as 1 believe them to ne,” he
said, “then the President of the Uni
ted States instead of being the coun
try’s asset is the country’s greatest lia
bility.”
Representative Saunders of Virginia,
arguing against the contention that
preparation for war is a guarantee of
peace, suggested that the Emperor of
Germany was being looked on with
“mistrust” now "because of war \ rep
arations. tie asked if anybody believed
there would have been war in Europe
if President Wilson had occupied the
place of the Emperor.
Representative Helm of Kentucky
said England had had three-quarters
of the earth’s surface under militarism
for DO years and asked which was the
“greater evil,” England or Germany.
RUSSIAN ARMY ON
OFFENSIVE AGAIN
ADVANCES TOWARD
PRUSSIAN FRONTIER
( Continued from Page One)
to what Bulgaria will do. Bulgaria, it
is asserted, still demands that part of
Macedonia now under Servian rule as
tiie price of her neutrality and Servia
is reported unwilling to make this
concession.
Greece Objects
Greece, it is asserted, also objects
to Bulgaria extending her boundaries
westward, taking the ground that this
would place a wedge between her and
her ally, Servia. Thus, seemingly, the
whole Balkan situation remains in
volved and it is stated it is not like
ly to be cleared up until Bulgaria's de
mands are satisfied.
Another skirmish with the Turkish
advance guard not far from Suez is
reported by the British forces in Egypt.
It was not of a serious character. Brit
ish marines are said to have landed
at Alexandretta, Asiatic Turkey, and
to have cut the Turkisli wires.
Russians Take Pillkallen
London, January 30.— (4:16 a. m.)—A
Reuter dispatch from Petrograd deal
ing with the battle in East Prussia,
says:
“The Russians occupied Pillkallen aft
er a day’s shelling.
“The garrison suffered heavily be
fore retiring. Of the population of
6000 only 300 women and children and
uged persons remained.
“The Germans have strong defenses
north of the Mazurian lakes region to
Insterburg along the Augerapp river,
but they are compartively weak farther
north to Tilsit."
Turkish Report
Constantinople, January 29.—(Via
London, January 30. 2:22 a. m.)—The
following Turkisli official communica
tion war issued today:
“Our mops advancing on Olto have
capture J 300 Russians. The battle In
Azerbaijan, near Choi, has been con
tinuing for a week against the Rus
sian main force and is progressing fa
vorably.
“We captured on January 27, south
of (’hoi, tiie first line of the Russian
entrenchments.”
Married in Columbus
Columbus, Ga., January 29.—(Spe
cial.)—Lucien .1. Lewis. prominent
druggist, and Miss Tommie Perry,
postmistress, both of Seale, motored
from that place to Columbus this aft
ernoon and were united in marriage
by Rev. T. M. Christian, pastor of St.
Paul s Methodist church, at the par
sonage. The bridal couple was accom
panied by a few relatives and friends.
They returned home after the cere
mony.
THE WAR AT A GLANCE
Again it is in the east that the moat
sanguinary fighting is taking place in
East Prussia, in parts of Poland and in
the Carpathian range.
Most important of these engage
ments is that in East Prussia, north of
the Mazurian lakes, where the Rus
sians were repulsed by General Von
Hindenburg’s troops in the early days
of the war. Here the Russians are bat
tling hard with the Germans in an en
deavor to pierce their way through to
Kot-nigsberg.
Already into East Prussia for a dis
tance of 20 to 30 miles, the Russians
report they are fighting in the forests
to the north of Gumbinnen and Pillkal
len on a line running north and south
some 30 miles in length.
Petrograd says that near Borjimow,
in Poland, trenches were taken from
the Germans by bayonet attacks and
that on the Galician front of the Car
pathians the Russians have made sat
isfactory progress.
Vienna declares that to the west of
Uzsok pass in the Carpathians the
Russians have been repulsed with
heavy losses and Petrograd probably
confirms the fact that the Russians in
this vicinity have met with a reverse
THE LEGISLATURE TO
ADJOURN AT END OF
TWENTIETH WORKING
DAY UNTIL JULY 13
(Continued from Page One)
bodies, and have Outlined a plan where
by they can he properly taken care of.”
“Senatorial Courtesy”
Montgomery, January 29.—(Special.)
The power of “senatorial courtesy”
was never more patently illustrated,
than this afternoon when Senator Mil
ner of Lamar, in preparing to vote for
a “local’’ 1) i 11 fathered by Senator
Jones of Barbour, profoundly and ap
parently with deep sincerity, expressed
an apology to his constituents and to
the other, members of the senate.
Senator Milner was free to confess
that in his judgment he was about
to commit an economic blunder. The
bill of Senator Jones would create a
Dew circuit division for Barbour lo be
located in his home town, Clio. Al
ready there are two divisions in Bar
bour. at Clayton and Eufaula. Should •
Senator Jones* bill survive the tight,
planned against it in the house it would
result in the establishing more divi
sions of the circuit court in Barbour
than there are in the imperial county
of Jefferson.
Educational Bills
Montgomery, January 29.—(Special.)
Educational bills introduced by Sen
ator Lee of Etowah sailed through the
senate this afternoon with such lit
tle opposition that the education lob
byists are enthusiastic tonight in (heir
belief that all that they desire will be
granted.
Senator Lee’s bills provided for the
submission of a constitutional amend
ment permitting each county to tax it
self 3 mills for educational purposes:
for the creation of an Illiteracy board
for the removal oi adult Illiteracy in
Alabama; and for the creation ot an
educational board to consist of seven
members to be named by the governor
to do the work for all the state .schools
which is done at the present time by
various independent boards.
During the debate on the bills the
galleries were filled with educational
enthusiasts and they frequently broke
into enthusiastic cheers as senators re
peated the speech which has come
down throughout all the years In re
gard to “the needs of the freckled face
boy and red headed girl” of rural
communities.
Mules and Horses Shipped
New Orleans, January 29.—More
than 1700 horses and mules for the al
lied armies in Europe left here today
on board the British steamships
Raphael and Baron Polwarth. The
Raphael’s cargo consisted of 805
horses for the French army, consigned
to Bordeaux, while the Baron Pol
warth carries 920 mules to Avonmoutn
for the British.
by Its statement “that in the face of
superior numbers in the region of Bes
kid pass” our advance guards retired
slightly to a previously established po
sition.
In the west the only fighting of
which prominent mention is made in
the French official report was near
Soissons, the region where the French
recently were driven across the Aisne
by the Germans. East of Soissons the
Germans attempted to force the river
at two points but, according to Paris,
both attacks wfere repulsed.
Cairo reports that Turkish outposts
have; reached the vicinity of Tor, near
the southern point of the Sinai penin
sula on the Gulf of Suez.
Berlin asserts all the German war
ships engaged in last Sunday’s bat
tle have returned to1 their base except
the Bluecher.
A royal decree has been issued call
ing to the colors Italy s soldiers of
the first and third category and also
the Alpine troops.
In the loss of the British armed
merchant steamer Viknor off the coast
of Ireland, her entire crew of 23S men
and boys of the naval reserve perished.
Austria is reported to have estab
lished a grain monopoly similar to that
in operation in Germany.
GEORGE B. PERKINS
REFUSED NEW TRIAL
Columbia, S. C„ January 29.—George
B. Perkins, Boston architect, convict
ed of maiiHlaughter on the high seas
In connection with the killing on No
vember 11, last, of F. W. R. Hlnman
of Jacksonville, Fla., and sentenced to
three years in the Atlanta federal
prison, today was refused a new trial
by Judge M. A. M. .Smith of the fed
eral district court here. Arguments for
a new trial were made last Monday.
Counsel for Perkins gave notice or
in appeal to tiie elreuit court of ap
peals at Richmond and lie was released
on $5000 ball.
McCombs in Washington
Washington, January 29.—William
F. McCombs, chairman of the demo
cratic national committee, came to
Washington today and conferred with
party leaders. The purpose of his visit
was not divulged. The democratic
chairman said he expected to meet
members of the democratic national
committees of nearby states In confer
ence in Washington within the next
few days.
Deaths and Funerals
Miss Laura King
Funeral services over the remains
of Miss Laura King, aged 65 years, who
died at 1 o'clock yesterday morning,
will be conducted at 11 o'clock this
morning fron\ the family residence. The
deceased is survived by three sisters:
Mary, Julia and Martha King, and a
brother, W. T. King.
Lawrence Yarbrough
Funeral services over the remains of
Lawrence Yarbrough, aged 75 years,
who died Thursday, were conducted
from the family residence yesterday aft
ernoon at 2 o'clock. Interment followed
In Elmwood cemetery. The deceased is
survived by his widow and three chil
dren.
James Hutchins
Funeral services over the remains of
James Hutchins, aged 65 years, who died
at the family residence, S30 Twenty
third street, north, were conducted yes
terday afternoon at 3 o'clock. Interment
followed in Elmwood cemettry.
Mrs. L. A. Lavender
The remains of Mrs. L, A. Lavender,
aged 20 years, who died at the resi
dence, 117 First avenue, Wset End.
Thursday morning, were sent to Steen.
Miss., yesterday for interment by the
Johns Undertaking company.
JOHNS Undertaking Co,. Phone 1001
*
'REVENUE CUTTER
SERVICE IS NO MORE

j Is Replaced by the United
States Coast Guard.
Rank Unchanged
New York. January 29.—The United
States revenue cutter service, organized
when Alexander Hamilton was Secretary
of the treasury, passed out of existence
today and was replaced by the United
States coast guard.
All along the Atlantic littorial, the for
mer revenue cutter officers were in
formed by wireleess today that they were
now coast guard officers, although their
rank remained unchanged, and that their
vessels henceforth would be known as
coast guard cutters. The change carries
Into effect a measure recently passed by
Congress and signed yesterday by Pres
ident Wilson, merging the revenue cutter
service and the life saving service. The
new service becomes a part of the coun
try’s regular military establishment and
in time of war passed under direct con
trol of the navy department.
All life saving stations will be con
trolled by the coast guard and all lift?
saving crews will be made up of regular
ly enlisted men. Heretofore, the life sav
ing'service has been carried on the civil
lists.
The coast guard comes into being with
a total personnel of 4300, combining high
ly educated officers and trained seamen
from the revenue cutter service and ex
pert serfmen from the life savers. Train
ing and development will devolve upon
the the former revenue cutter officers,
and active management will be directed
by a captain commandant, corresponding
to the same office which controlled the
revenue cutter service.
THINKS W AR WILL
END BY JUNE 1
Asheville, N. C., January 29—Senator
Lewis of Illinois, here for a brief rest,
said tonight that he believed the Eu
ropean war would end by June 1. He
also declared that he was confident
that the government ship purchase bill
would be passed by Congress before
the present session expired.
Newspapers Merge
Detroit. January 29.—Officers of the
Evening News association of this city
announced tonight the merger of the
Detroit Tribune, morning paper, into
the Detroit News, afternoon paper, and
the discontinuance of the morning pub
lication except on Sundays as the De
troit News-Tribune. The Tribune was
established 70 years ago.
Madding Found Guilty
Little Rock, January 29.—James H. Mad
ding, son of a wealthy Pine Bluff planter,
was found guilty today of involuntary
manslaughter for running down and kill
ing with his automobile James H. Bar rod,
a widely known attorney, in July, 1913.
He was sentenced to 90 days in the peni
tentiary.
Killed by Mexican
El Paso, January 29.—William B. War
wick, a private in company G, ltith infan
try, was killed today in his tent by a
bullet said to have come from the Mexi
can side of the Rio Grande. A board
of army officers announced that the shot
had been fired from the Mexican side.
Praises Relief Commission
London, January 30.—(2:30 a. m.)—The
nation today praisies the American com
mission for relief in Belgium and urges
the British government, which it says al
ready by granting $£100,000 has admitted
its obligation, now to provide substan
tial assistance for the work.
Mining Camp Raided
Douglas, Ariz., January 29.—El Tigre,
a mining camp of 3000 persons south of
here, is reported to have been raided by
constitutionalists Thursday and much
property owned by the American corpora
tion operating there confiscated.
Mrs. Hyames’ Will Filed
New Orleans, January 29.—The will of
Mrs. C. H. Hyames of New Orleans, tiled
here today, leaves an art collection val
ued at $50,000 to the Delgado museum
of this city. Mrs. Hyames died in Eu
rope a few months ago.
Stops Saits Exportation
Berlin, January 30.—(Via London, 3:25
a. m.)—A decree prohibiting exportation
of potash salts and its products is pub
lished in the Reich-Anzeiger.
How Spartans Kept in Trim
From the Philadelphia Inquirer.
The ancient Spartans paid as much at
tention to the rearing of men as cattle
dealers in tills country and England, In
modern times, do to the breeding of cattle.
They took charge of firmness and loose
ness of men’s flesh, and regulated the de
gree of fatness to which it was lawful, in
a free state, for any citizen to extend
bis body.
Those who dared to grow too fat or too
| soft for military exercise and the service
| of Sparta wrere soundly whipped.
Tn one particular instance, that of Nau
' Us, the son of Polytus, the offender was
brought before the Ephori and a meeting
of the whole people of Sparta, at which
hia unlawful fatness was publicly ex
posed, and he was threatened with per
petual banishment if he did not bring his
j body within the regular Spartan compass.
! and give up his culpable mode of living.
| which was declared to be more worthy of
j an Ionian than a son of Lacedaemon.
Loveman, Joseph & Loeb
' Last Day Clearance Sale ]
Specials For Men
Men’s $1 rr\
Shirts DtlC
Soiled I
\ limited quantity of Men’s Shirts, slightly soiled and 1
in broken size assortments, to be cleared today at 59c. The I
quality of these Shirts is noticeably above the average. 1
The display includes percales in neat patterns, made with 1
laundered cuffs and coat style. I
Men wearing sizes 14, 144■, him] 15 are warned that these 1
sizes are least in number. I
$1.50 Woolen nr ,4 1
Undergarments t/dt I
These undergarments' for men 1
provide warmth without weight. 1
They are smoothly woven of 1
wool, are uon-irritatiiig and af 1
ford just the protection necessary 1
in this damp, penetrating climate. 1
The size assortment is fair, but I
won’t stay that way long, as men 1
will hurry here today to secure 1
these worthy 1.50 garments at 1
95c. I
Wright’s Health 1
$1 Undergarments I
Wright’s Health Underwear lias for years been the I
standard ot quality in men’s undergarments. 9
This Underwear is cotton ribbed outside and wool I
fleeced inside. Its construction provides protection and 9
warmth and perfect ventilation, therefore a garment of 9
healthful qualities. 9
Wright’s Health Underwear in the 1.00 quality is au mi- 9
usual opportunity to save when offered al 65c. 9
Men. Be First to Choose From This PRIME Collection ■
of New <£i pen & io 1
Manhattans CliuU «I1
We know' it’s a little early to talk Spring- Shirts, but 1
these are so unusually attractive that wo can’t remain I
silent. 9
How cut vests again demand a closer attention to pat- I
terns in men’s shirts, and these, therefore, are patterns 1
which any man will be proud to display above his top I
vest button. 1
The assortment of soft and stiff cuffs is equally (livid- L
ed, showing a comprehensive selection of both Cotton ']
Crepes and Madrases, mostly in stripes, including staple j
blacks and lively new colors. j
(Men’s Wear, Main Floor) j
48 Hours I
And Then Our 18th and Best |
February I
Furniture
Sale
LovemaaJSepli jj Losl) J
SAYS EXPLORATION
PARALYZED BY WAR
New York, January 29.—The Euro
pean war has paralyzed exploration,
said Rear Admiral Robert E. Peary,
president of the Explorers’ club, at the
annual dinner of the club here tonight.
Only geographical expeditions which
already have been started will con
tinue'‘their work, he said. The speaker
noted that the projected Austrian ex
pedition to the south pole regions and
of the British explorer Stackhouse
have been abandoned for the time and
he regarded It as improbable that Aus
tralia will resume interest in Mawson’s
work until the close of the war.
The speaker urged that 'the Arctic
ship Roosevelt be sent into the sooth
polar region under OajW: Robert E.
Bartlett, who commanded the ill fated
Karluok, for purposes of scientific in|B
vestigation. The loss of the Kurlucl^B
was described by Captain Bartlett, wlifl
told of the ev£nt from the timo »h II I
left the port until she sank off *,Vran®
gel Island. \
fiU' Douglas Mavvson, the Antarcti|0
explorer, spoke of the probability of 9|
latal ending to the Stefansson part vaa
The war, he said, probably would
impossible any attempt at rescue. j
To Transport Gold ft
Buenos Aires, January 29.—The govHS
eminent has decided to transport tjH|
Buenos Aires the deposits of gold h9
the Argentine legation in the CniteS
States and Europe. !
Asks Appropriation
Washington. January1 29.—SecretarH
Garrison asked emigre's* today for $200JS
IKK) to increase the rang, of coast artUlerJH
guns in addition to $320,000 for that pm3
pose already request. <1.
I BY ORDER OF I
I THE UNITED STATES COURT I
B I Mult Dispose of the
Ientire stock
■ of the Jackson Jewelry Co.
S At 1906 2d Ave. i
M Stock Consisting of Cut Glass, Silverware, Watches, Diamonds and Jewelry
I Everything Will Be Sold at Retail j
I For Absolute Factory Cost I
m MARK B. EISEMAN, Trustee * 1
/ Pi

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