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THE BIRMINGHAM AGE-HERALD
I VOLUME XXXXIV BIRMINGHAM, ALABAMA, FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 12, 1915 10 FA< ES Nl'MBEU 282 AIL LEGISLATION TO BE SUBORDINATED TO SUCCESS OF THENEW: PROHIBITION LAWS The Bond Issue Bill Is in Grave Danger of Being Defeated in the Senate “POWERFUL LOBBY” IS WORKING TO PREVENT FAVORABLE ACTION Fear That It Might Be “Weight About the Neck of Prohibition"—This Was Reason Woman Suffrage Was Chloroformed in House Committee By HUGH W. ROBERTS Montgomery, February 11.—-<Special.) That moat fa r-reach In g6 legislation pending now before the (senate-—the bill proponing a state bond lanue amendment, that which under the able guidance of Mr. Davin of Walker panned the house overwhelmingly yes terday afternoon—is In grave danger. An to whether or not the measure's Impending fate In due to the omnipres ent opposition of that powerful pro hibition lobby of which mention many times has been made. Is unknown. But It In known that certain members of ! that lobby exerted their Influence ; against the passage of the bill through the house and on noting finally their Indicated failure, expressed the threat In the senate.” I nthe senate.” And as stated above, the indications arc that they will be successful. This afternoon Governor Henderson Is in specting state property in Speigntr and therefore his attitude could not be as certained. Nevertheless, it is generally understood that the bill is one v. hlch the governor considers of prime im portance and the one which he has in sisted that the legislature muki* ef fective prior to its adjournment for re cess. Some Classic Utterances As is known, the prohibitionists of the house divided on the passage of the bond issue bill. Speaker Carmichael, leader Merritt. Mr. Davis and ather strong members of the majority lip ported the bill, while Mr. Weakely, Mi. Welch of Jefferson, Mr. Smith of Cren shaw and Mr. Brindley opposed its passage. It may be true that members of the "powerful lobby” also are di vided. It is known, however, that some of the members and perhaps the most aggressive members of that body, op posed its passage bitterly and waxed perhaps too eloquent In expressing in private their indignation It is a fart j that their persistent efforts of dis sension so irritated a certain prohibi tionist who was preparing to support the bill that he was forced eventually to tell them in the language of Touch- 1 stone, "Go to,” and to add, ‘I will vote as I d- please.” A member of the lobby Ibis morn ing asked the correspondent of The Age-Herald what effect in hU opinion the bond Immuc bill. In the event of ltM PANNnge, would have on the prohibi tion lawn. He made It plain, In other words, that he and perhnpn others were watching all legislation In Montgomery in order that nothing connldcred u “weight about the neck of prohibition” be “put over.” And thus In perhapi* ex plained the reason for the “chloro forming” In the house committee on I (Continued on Page Two) LUSK'S TIRADE IS IIUFECTIVE Senate Passes Bill for Passes for Veterans En Route to Reunion Montgomery, February 11.—(Special.) This afternoon In the senate, Mr. Lusk repeated Vtth great dramatic skill one of his orations against the railroads which he delivered in the upper house eight years ago. Nevertheless, he was entirely Ineffctive, and his vote was the only one registered against the passage of the bill of Mr. Ellis of Dallas a measure provid ing that railroads might grant to Con federate soldiers free passes during the periods of annual reunions. The feature of the fight for and against the bill was the effort of Mr. Lusk. It was apparent that lie embraced the op portunity with fine? relish. He rushed to the charge on the first note of the bugle, and bis castigation of the railroads, their “insidious lobbies" and "terrifying influ ences" would have satisfied the most rab id of the railroad baiters of the Comer legislature. Through it all—the drawing of that fearful pi-cture. ttm pointing out of im pending disaster, the splendid action of arm and body, and the timely arid dra matic heaving of the breast—the senate sat unmoved. Even when the gentleman from Marshall, despite an "opening up" of possibilities, expressed fervent regard for the "old soldier* and his "remarkable bcroirni" on a thousand bloodv battle fields. the senate* remained unmoved. Whereupon, nothing was left for the clerk save to call tin’ roll. Tho succes sion of "ayes" was astounding. And then the Lusk "nay" chimed is. And then the succession of a.ves’* resumed unto the very end of tlie roll. I Mr. Ellis ail so secured the passage of a bill making It possible for alleged Con federate soldiers ^to attain again their standing on the pension rolls of the state, from which sometime ago. after an investigation by Examinin' H. Y. •cooks, they were stricken. YOUTHFUL RUSSIAN GUARDS]! MANY AUSTRIAN PRISONERS ' ..' ■—■I- 1 ■ 'H-H——"WOW—. " Tlie Itnsslmi soldier seen In the n Imve picture Is n liny only lit yenrs old. He Is attached to n t ossaek realm cnt. and hts chief duty 1s to auaril \us. trial! prisoners cnptnreil on the battlefield. The father of this hoy Is nlso In a tossaek realnient and Is now in t he flahtlna line. It will lie noticed thnt t-lie hoy is mounted on a small, hardy Siberian pony, and he Is eiiulpped and dressed like any other t ossaek soldier. COMPROMISE PLAN IS PUT FORWARD BY HOUSE DEMOCRATS Proposes Passage of Ship ping Bill as Temporary Emergency Measure / HOUSE BUSY WHILE SENATE MARKS TIME President Still Determined to Push Measure Even to Point of Extra Session — Effort to Pass Cloture Rule Today Washington. February 11.—A compro mise proposal designed to extricate the administration ship purchase bill from the deadlock that lias blocked its passage in the Senate, and to avert an extra ses sion was put forward tonight by House democrats through Representative Kitch in of North Carolina, chosen majority leader of the next House. The new plan, which proposes the pass age of the shipping hill as a temporary emergency measure, was developed at con ferences on the House side of the capitol while the Seriate marked time with both opponents and supporters of the measure sparring for advantage. An adjournment of the Senate tonight advanced the plans of the democratic leaders to force a cloture rule that would end the deter mined filibuster. To Propose New Bill As announced by Representative Kitch in the compromise contemplates the pass age through the House next week of the bill suggested by Senator Gore with an amendment that would terminate the gov ernment’s activities in the shipping busi- 1 ness two years after the close of the Eu ropean war. Despite President Wilson’s announced determination to stand by the Senate bill in its present form, Represen- ; tative Kitchin said, House leaders, anx-! ious to avoid an extra session, proposed to put this measure before the Senate and ! give the President an opportunity to ac- i cept it in the event of the failure of the pending bill. The desire of both republicans and dem ocrats to avoid an extra session, Repre sentative Kitchin said, probably would give the proposed plan sufficient support to get it through before March 4. Representative Kitchin, Majority Lead er Underwood. Representative Adamson and other House leaders, after conferring with President Wilson at the White; House today, returned to the capitol with the assurance that despite the gloomy out look in the Senate, the President was still determined to press the purchase bill even to the point of calling an extra ses sion. The House leaders told the Pres ident that they believed that an extra i session would prove futile because the i ship bill would fail to get a majority in the nex1 House. Seek to Limit Debate In tlie Senate the day again was devoted to speeches hml to informal conferences after numerous notices had been given of a cloture rule to limit debate. Senator Lea of Tennessee lato In the day gave notice of .an amendment to the rules to provide for fixing a time for a vote on any pending bill whenever the Senate shouh sustain a declaration that ob structive tactics were being employed. Senator Norris, who gave notice sev eral days ago of a rule to limit debate on a bill to three hourR for each Benator, had bis amendment referred to the com mittee on rules which will meet tomor row. An effort to pass some cloture rule will be made tomorrow. Democratic leaders expected that a mo tion would be made to take up the post office appropriation bill today but, in 'dew of the cloture rule efforts and the fact that Senate and House leadets were con (Continued on P«*« Ten) I.... TODAYS AGE-HERALD l—Bond issue bill In danger in senate. Full text of American notes causes sensation. Snanish minister to Mexico expelled. Vim Dyke demands apology from Ger mans. Russia withstanding aims of three countries. Compromise plan put forward bv House democrats. - Nni.e-ju.t'pr bill passed by senate. Lacy ta ptcore is affirmed. J- New attitude toward business seen everywhere. 1 Editorial pbrnmont. . 5—Newsdealers puzzled over new adver tising law. *1 estijnony in Standard Home ease. Expressions- on constitutional conven } tion. j G~AVyipon'a pa 50. T Drastic war tax for Canada. S— Weatherly thinks Judge bill will be defeated. 9—Markets. 10—Russian Pole new bead of Jesuits. SPANISH MINISTER TO ME® KICKED OUT FifCARRANZA Goes to ° a Cruz When Told i eave Within 24 Hours TO BE TAKEN ABOARD U. S. WARSHIP THERE Minister Accused of Hiding Spanish Subject Wanted by Constitutionalist Chief—Other Diplomats Resent Treatment of Colleague Washington, February 11.—The state department was officially advised today that General Carranza had ordered the Spanish minister to Mexico to leave the country within 24 hours from midnight, February 10, because of alleged refuge geven to Angel de Caso, a Spanish sub ject. The Spanish minister left Mexico City for Vera Cruz immediately after being ordered to depart. He Insisted that De Caso at no time was in the Spanish le gation, but declined to reveal his where abouts. < A copy of Carranzas note to the Spanish minister ordering him to quit Mexico reached the state department to day. It follows: Note to Minister “The assistance which, taking advan tage of the character you say you have of Spanish minister, you have given to Caso, hiding him in your legation, and saving him from the punishment which he has merited, obliged me, as first chief to inform you that inasmuch as you have disobeyed my orders, you must leave the country within twenty-four hours from midnight, February 10. No offense to the Spanish government or people is implied by this act." The time limit allowed for the minis ter’s departure from Mexico will expire at midnight tonight and it is therefore supposed here that he probably already has boarded a ship at Vera Cruz where he has announced that he will await further instructions from his govern ment. It is not believed here tonight that Car ranza's action would be followed by the immediate retirement from Mexico of the remaining foreign diplomats. Though it has been reported that generally they deeply resent the treatment accorded to their colleague, it is believed they will subordinate this to the urgent demand for their presence in the Mexican capi tal to look after the lives and property of their nationals during the present crisis. It was recalled by state department officials that General (’astro, when presU dent of Venezuela, similarly expelled the French minister from the country, without affecting his formal relations with the other diplomatic representatives though the ill feeling thereby engendered (Contliued oa Page Two) TOMMIES ENJOYING FRENCH HOSPITALITY 1 Many kiudnesses are shown the soldiers in the Kuropean war as they pas* through villages on the way to the battle front. The incident, pictured above occurred in Northern t rance and shows the crew of an armored motor car accepting the French people’s hospitality. VAN DYKE DEMANDS AN APOLOGY FROM GERMAN OFFICERS German Commander At Trier Refuses to Let Communications of American Minister Pass Through to Luxemburg Because They Are Sealed With American Legation Seal—Van Dyke Appeals to Washington to Protest The Hague, Kebruary It. (Via London, JLlU p. m.) Henry Van l)vke, the United States minister to The Hague and also to the grand duehy of Luxemburg, >aid today that he had ap pealed to tVie government at Washington to protest against tier man interference with his duties ns minister to Luxemburg He said his'diplomatic coimuumentions with Luxemburg have been cut off by the Herman military commander at Triei (Treves), who had refused to permit his letters to pass because they were sealed with the seal of the American legation. Dr. Van Dyke has been trying for four days through the friendly me dium of the German minister at The Hague to obtain an explanation from Berlin of what he considers an inva sion of his diplomatic privileges, but no answer has come from the German capital. “That statement of facta ia correct.” aatd Dr. Vail Dyke today. “The action of the German commander at Trier may have been a mlatakc of Ignorance, but It iniiMt ho explained nnd apologised for. “Luxemburg is a small country of 260,000 inhabitants but the peaceful duties with which the American government has charged me towards that country are just as sacred as if it were a hundred times as big. “It was the first of the neutral coun tries to be Invaded and appears to be , threatened with a failure of the jfood supply. “1 cannot consent to interference with j my duties toward Luxemburg by any i power in the world except tl.at which I M oiiUnued on Page Ten.) GERMAN TRADE TO BE HARASSED MORE So Says Premier Asquith in Parliament Speech QUESTION OF FOOD Attributes Scarcity of Wheat to Spec ulation at New York and Chicago. Government Will Not Fix Maximum Prices London, February 11.—‘Premier As quith told the House of Commons dpy that Great Britain was alx^ut to take more stringent measure* •'gainst German trade. Replying to a question from Ac^mira! Lord Charles Beresford wheth«»i^ the government will place all food ami ravi material used in Germany on the list of absolute contraband, the premier said: “The government is considering the question of taking measures against German trade in view of violation of the enemy of the rules of war. 1 hope shortly to make an announcement of what these measures are to bo." The large expenditure by the gov ernment on separation allowances per mitted the working classes to consume food on nearly the same scale a.s be fore. the premier continued. There was little evidence of any diminution in consumption and if allowance was made for the new armies the working classes were now consuming more food per head than in any previous pe riod. Premier Asquith said he did not think the wheat'shortness would last long. Attributes It to Chicago “The determining factor has ooen the caprices of tlie New, York and Chicago markets." the premier said. “These are, in a highly nervous and jumpy con dition and T know of no way whereby any government of the world can con trol speculation. As a rule speculation provides its own remedy. After next June there is reason to anticipate that the fever of speculation will abate.’ The premier called attention to the ■ considerable consumption of meat by the troops, declaring no men were bet ter fed than the British soldiers. The stock of sugar in the hands of the 4 Coni In lied on Page Seven) WILHELMINA CARGO SEIZED BY BRITISH Case Will Be Allowed to Take Normal Course POSITION OF OWNERS i Presented by N. R. l.indheim in State ment From New York—Will Be Represented by Counsel Be fore the Prize Court Falmouth, February 11.—(Via London, 1:5K a. ni.)—The cargo of the American steamer Wllhelmina was seised by British authorities here today in accordance with i ihi deck-ion the foreign office. The ‘cargo is to go to a prize court. “Watchful Waiting’* Again Washington, February 11.—The stale department has concluded the Wllhelmina case must be allowed to take a normal course which involves going to a prise court because of the issue raised by the British contention that Germany has justi fied seizure of the cargo by its decree appropriating the home grain supply, St. Louis commission house owning the ■ 'cargo, and perhaps the Wilhehnina's \ owners, will be represented by counsel before the court, but the state department though deeply Interested In the outcome 1 will content itself at present by Instruct- ! ing the American ambassador at London j to observe the progress or the case* care I fully. The decision of the prize court is ! not necessarily binding upon the United States, and it may be made the subject of a protest and diplomatic negotiations at the discretion of the state department. Portion of Owners New York, February 11. Norvin Tl. Lir.dheim of counsel for the Wllhelmina s cargo owners, said today he had received assurances from the state department that, in the event the English prize court decision is “in tho judgment of our gov ernment not supported by evidence or warranted by our construction of the law. cur government will make pro-cat." The position the owners Like, he said, is that the seizure of the full cargo “is in clour contravention of all existing principles of international law.” They had been advised, he said, by Hocretarv Bryan that they had a perfect right to make the shipment and that vho state department had full knowledge of all the facts. “The pretext under which the British government has seized this cargo is the recent regulations of the German federal < (on finned on Page Two i _I TO BE SPONSOR FOR NEWEST BATTLESHIP miss 11,1/ Koi.it Of ficrmaiito wn, Philadelphia, w ho has been nHrct#il h> Secretary Daniel* to christen the new battleship Pennsyl vania, at Newport \cwn, on March IH. I ■, ■ WITHSTANOINGARMS OF THREE COUNTRIES Austro-German Offensive in Carpathians Appears to Be Definitely Cheeked LINES PROTECTING WARSAW STILL HOLD | Von Hindenburg Apparently Unable j i to Break Through—Germans Trans fer Men to Fast Prussia and Lower Vistula London. February 11.— (9:30 p. m.) Battle Ih following battle on the east ern front, whore Russia, single handed, is fighting tlie forces of Germany, Aus tria and Turkey. Tho Russians have held their lines against Field Marshal Von 1 linden burg's army which h. tempted last Wv*k to break through to Warsaw, and apparently have check* 1 tho Austro-German offensive in the Car pathians. They are now defending po Hltlons they won in Fast Prussia and northern Poland. The Gormans are transferring men and guns to the Fast Prussian border, and on the right bank of the iowci Vistula, where their advance brought litem in the district of Sierpeo, which the Russians occupied a short time ago. It Is impossible to say where the hoc big battle will take place. Grand Dulc Nicholas, with whom the initiative re mains. may either strike bet wen Tilsit and Insterburg, In Fast Prussia, or threaten to cut Von Mindcnburg's com inunications wit it Thorn by a mov • meat along the lower Vistula. Austrian Offensive Fails No further change Is noted in tin Carpathians, hut the Austrian official report. which complains of tho obstacle of snow, and of the strong pressure of the Russians suggests that their of tensive has partly failed. While the Austro-German force in the eastern part of the range seems to have been strong enough to compel ih Russians to retire from Rukowinu. the Russians appear, after the fierce bat tics of Sunday, last. to have almost com plete command of tin* middle and west ern portions of the mountains. Fveept for a somewhat, more severe engagement than usual in the Argonne, and another In Alsace, in which the Germans claim to have been .successful, although the French say that they huv regained the ground temporarily given up, the ealm continues along the west • in front. In the* meantime, the powers engaged in the struggle arc putting their house*, In order for a continuation of the war The German Kmperor Iihn returned from tin* eastern front to Berlin to confc* Mon I In tied on I'ngr Ten.* Are Well Supplied With Food and War Materials. Medicine Scarce Sofia, February 11. t Via The Hague and London. 11:25 p. in.) The Servian army still has a strength of-220,000 men well supplied with war materials and food. A diplomat at Nish, in an inter view Bays The lull in operations, after lh« fail ure of the Austrian offensive In Decem ber, has given the Servian government an opportunity to put Its forces into good shape It is learned from other sources that Servla • ertninly has Imported much war maicn.il. The food supply is ample lor army, bill moditanieuls and sani tary materials are scarce. .\s France and Russia cannot comb to St ryin'w hs Bisiance In this particular. Servla is looking to America foi supplies. A new Aijst.ro-Oerman offensive Is be lieved to be ondneut, and everything possible Is being done to put the conn try into a good state of defense. YVoim n and children are aiding lu digging treat hey.^ EMPHATIC TERMS OF NOTES OF AMERICA CAOSE A SENSATION AMONG DIPLOMATS Text of Communications to Croat Britain and tier many Made Public by State Department IS BETTER TO SPEAK UNMISTAKABLY NOW THAN AWAIT ACTION This Is the Attitude of High American Officials—Kear Effect I'pon Pub lic Opinion Sinking of Mer chant Ship With Ameri cans Aboard Washington, February 11 Publication tonight by the stale department of the t'-xts of notes sent yesterday to Great Britain and Germany, respecively, ro v fitted thnt both countries had been warned in most emphatic terms against menacing the vessels or lives of American citizens traversing the recently pro claimed sea zones of war. Germany was advised that the United States "would he constrained to hold the imperial government to a strict account ability" for any acts of Its naval authori ties which might, result In the destruction O! American vessels or the loss of Ameri can lives, and thnt "if such a deplorable situation should arise," the American government "would take any steps it might deem necessnrv to safeguard Ameri can lives and property." To Great Britain the United States point out "the measure of responsibility," which would seem to be imposed on the British g* vernment "for the loss of* American vessels and lives In crho of an attack 1).* a German naval force" if Kttgland sanctioned general misuse of the Ameri ca! flag, and thereby cast doubt upon the valid character of neutral ensigns. Were Presented Today The communications were to have been presented today by Ambassador Page at. London and by Ambassador Gerard at Berlin. They wero prepared by Uounsel lor Robert Lansing and revised by Presi dent Wilson and Secretary Bryan utter consultation with the entire cabinet. The British, Spanish and Brazilian am bassadors were given copies of the notes as were tlm ministers of Swod< \ Norwav and Denmark. The documents created a OMsaUoi! among diplomats general I v j because of what some regarded uh then* dt astir Implications. High officials of the American govern ment poln fed Informally, It had been deemed advisable l*» apeak in unmistak able terms now rather than to await the alarming effect upotl American public opinion, which might ensue from the sink ini- of a vessel with scores of American citizens. The notes, officials were confi dent, would prevent the critical possibili ties discussed in them. Diplomats examined with groat interest the language of the communications and some construed the note to Germany as a warning that the loss of American lives bv sinking even a belligerent merchant ship would he covered by the representa tions «»f the American government be en use of the Insistence thnt all merchant ships must he visited and searched and passengers taken off before ships can be sunk. Not Based on Specific Case In discussing the notes today, officials pointed out that the representations to Great Britain were not based specifically on the use by the Lusitania of tin* Ameri can flug or any other -hip because it was not a rare ruse of war to hoist n in utral flag when escaping capture, an I vt ssels of both sides among the bet ligerentH in the present war air* ady had made such use of them as had Ameri can vessels in previous wars. The dls tit.ction emphasized was that, aside from t.ho legal propriety, which was reserved for future discussion, general misuse of a neutral flag by a belligerent was a violation of International comity and neighborllnass. liable to produce serious dangers for the neutral. No rule of in ternational law exists against the prar the. officials added, but the United States construes It as s moral obligation upon belligerents to avoid the general UK*’ of neutral flags, particularly under such circumstances as now exist. Ah for the communication with Ger muny, officials said they were acting under specifically recognized principle of International Isw in pointing out tlv> dangers to American citizens which would M out In ued on I'nge Severn LODZ IS EVACUATED Germans Resume Construc tion of Heavy Trenches With Redoubled Vigor Paris. February 11.— f6:30 a. m.)—The evacuation of Lodz by the Germans ha* been confirmed, according to a Petro grad dispatch to the Havas agency, which slate* that stores, off Ices, commissar!** and transport* are being removed has tily to Kalisz. A refugee who escaped the Csertstn chowa. the dispatch says, reports that the Germans have resumed with re. doubled vigor construction of heavily fortified line*, suspended *1* weeks ago. Lodz, the second city of Poland, w.i* captured by the Germans December t», when Field Marshal Von Htndenbutg^ began his dash for Warsaw. 75 miles to the northeast. The Russians were driven out of the city only after a desperete esistance. according to tier man reports, although Petrograd con Imwp I it wna evacuated for strategic reHsons. The Russians were reported } »•;«!•. rda> in h»'v*» lesumeo the offen slvc ii* the Warsaw front In an effort to push back the Germans, who ar* said »«» have transferred many Loot a from that region to East Prussia.