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11. W. BARRETT.Editor! i.niei eil at The liirmiiignam, Ala., postoffice as second clues matter under act of Congress March 3, 1379. Hally and Sunday Age-Herald.... IS.00 Hally and Sunday, per month.70 Haily and Sunday, three months., 2.00 Weekly Age-Herald, per annum... .50 Sunday Age-Herald. 2.00 A. J. Eaton. Jr., and O. E. Young ure the only authorised traveling repre sentatives of The Age-Herald lu Us cir culation department. No communication will be published without Us author's name. Rejects:! manuscript will not be returned unless stamps are enclosed lor that purpose. Remittances cun bo made at current rave of exchange. The Age-Herald will not be responsible for money sent through the hiajls. Address. THE AGE-HERALD, Birmingham, Ala. Washington bureau. 207 liibbs build ing. European bureau, 6 Henrietta streei, Covent Garden, London. Eastern business office, Rooms 43 to 50, inclusive. Trtbuno building, New York city; western business office, Tribune building, Chicago. The ri. C. Beckwith Special Agency, agents for eign advertising. TELEPHONE Bell (private exonangr eouaeeting ull j departments; Mala 4000. I marvel heir fl*hc* live In «Ue »« Why, «» men do a-landi Ihe Coat ones eal up the 11*1 le one*. —l*erleleM. BEGINNING THE DAY—O Knlli ' ,r, rrx< me. I.et me feel my feet un the rook. Get me feel my mind on Thee, my lienrt nnehored Ip Thee. >1nv nil the elnniorlnn voice* !>.* hushed, nnd may the "till mnnll voice* find and hold nnd lend ml nonl. In t'hrlat'a mime. Amen.— II. M. E. Defeat Five-Commission Bill When the bill to increase the Bir mingham commission to five members was first introduced in the senate friends of the measure had planned to push it through the legislature with the least possible delay. The people of Birmingham have never asked for a change in the com mission form that now exists, but few of them had waked up to the im portance of organizing a strong pro test against the proposition. I he public is now becoming aroused, how ever. The three-commissioner form is ample, and representative citizens and all who believe in minimizing' politics, are opposed to adding to the number. Many of them are now speaking out and the arguments used against the pending measure are practical and cogent. The bill goes over to the July ses sion. In the meantime every op ponent of the five-commission meas ure should strive to have the law re main as it is. By concerted effort on the part of the people of this city the bill can be defeated. Business Men on Better Basis The great industrial companies of this country are managed by men noted not only for their capacity but for their interest in civic affairs and their sympathy with humanity. The United States Steel corporation is exceptionally fortunate in having such broad-minded and strong-hearted men as Chairman E. II. Gary and President Janies A. Farrell associated • in the direction of the corporation’s extensive operations. The chairman and the president are equally oplim ' istic, and they have the faculty of presenting conditions in a bright light and seeing the better side of busi ness when it is depressed. President Farrell made a speech in Pittsburg recently in which he emphasized the ! fact that business was improving. He madq an appeal to business men gen erally to co-operate in bringing about complete business recovery, and the ■ general tenor of his remarks had a very cheering effect on the industrial world. The address delivered by Judge Gary at the unemployment luncheon ; of the Merchants’ association of New York three weeks ago has been pub lished in pamphlet form and is being . widely circulated. It is a notable discussion of present conditions, and while deploring the distress prevail ing in New York on account of the large number of unemployed men and women Judge Gary dials with a num ber of problems touching directly the . business and industrial field. He has , written and spoken in an illuminating manner on many occasions, but in this 5 last address he is especially construc tive. In referring to the reasons for various depresing conditions Judge ' Gary said that the business men had been partly at fault. : “We had become,” he said, “more | or less careless in management, indif | ferent to the rights and interests of others, regardless of our responsi ; bilities towards those for whom we ' had become trustees, as directors, of ! ficials or otherwise, and unmindful of the general public welfare. We did not sufficiently realize our duty towards one another, towards rivals 5 In business and to employes whose welfare we were in duty bound to pro | te;t and promote. I make no personal : references and have no individual or corporation in mind. All of us failed to measure fully up to our obligations; 1 and sometimes we were deserving of unfavorable criticism. Many of those who criticized were actuated by the best of motives; others by the desire for notoriety or individual advance ment. The effect was bad and in many instances not justified. Fre quently those who knew the least about the actual facts had the most to say by way of attack^ “Now, having admitted wha# many of you may claim is more than the facts warrant, I venture the assertion that these conditions which have been referred to are disappearing. The business men of this country at the present time are on a better basis than ever before. Their management, their conduct, their business morals are improved, their standards are higher. As a result, can anyone doubt that the sentiment mentioned is changing or that there is more co operation between all classes of peo ple, a recognition to a greater degree than ever before that it is to the ad vantage of each to have all others prosper?’’ Judge Gary’s address throughout was on a high ethical plane and it cannot fail to have a far-reaching ef fect for good. Chamber of Commerce Activities The Birmingham Chamber of Com merce, which has an excellent record, will r’ uoiiess increase its activities as time goes on. Even in the early days before public spirit had been de veloped or team work had been heard of the organization, known as it was then as the Commercial club, was the center of influence and accomplished much good; but now since Birming ham has become a large and rapidly growing city the Chamber of Com merce is counted upon for larger achievement than in the past and it has more than made good its promise in respect to the promotion of this community’s upbuilding. One of the greatest achievements in the history of the chamber and by far the greatest within the last 12 months was the inauguration of the crop diversification campaign in Alabama. This movement, originat ing with the farm committee of the chamber,was regarded as a good thing from the start, but the chairman of that committee, William P. Redd, could hardly have imagined that it would turn out to be the splendid en terprise which is today attracting the attention of the entire state. Every business man in every city and %wn in Alabama from Sand mountain to the gulf fully appre ciates the importance of the crop cam paign, for the merchant and manu facturer as weU as the farmer will be benefited in a degree that cannot be overestimated. It was the Chamber of Commerce that worked up the en thusiasm and now that the campaign is in full swing it can be easily seen that it is the greatest undertaking that has been launched in Alaabma in recent years. Many opportunities will present themselves for Chamber of Commerce activities this year under President Crawford Johnson’s administration and it is reasonable to assume that one or more large projects will be started and worked out to successful conclu sions. Cost of the War Many attempts have been made to estimate the eost of the European war, but the vast sum can only be approxi mated. Prof. Julius Wolf of Berlin estimates the cost of the struggle at $37,500,000 a day, of which Germany pays $10,000,000, Austria-Hungary $5,000,000 and the allies $22,500,000. These figures are almost incredible, but as a matter of fact, they do not approximate the real cost of the war, not only to the powers actually en gaged, but to the whole world. And this staggering burden will not be lifted when the war ends. It must be borne for years to come—a frightful toll of human suffering and privation. The soldier who dies on the battle line is well out of it. Those who sur vive will pay a dearer price and un born generations will feel the blight of this senseless conflict which has affected, either directly or indirectly, most of the world’s inhabitants. Every man in this country who has his sal ary cut, every employe who is “laid off” until better times, every mer chant who is forced to the wall be cause of financial pressure and the in ability to make collections is a victim of the war god that is ravaging Eu rope. All indications pointed to one of the most prosperous years in the history of the United States when Europe went mad and plunged the world in darkness. With its enormous resources and great recuperative powers, this country has weathered the storm and is regaining its former stability, but the aftermath'is yet to be reckoned with and long after America has ceased to reflect. ,the disturbance abroad, the people of Europe will be struggling against the poverty brought upon them by war. ■ In Belgium alone thousands of pros perous business men were ruined and the chances are that most of them will never be able to recoup their fortunes; certainly not to the extent they form erly enjoyed. Another generation will have tofcarry on the work in Belgium and elsewhere in Europe. It will be a task of years to obliterate the scars that will be left. In view of these facts, even the stupendous sum of $37,500,000 a day appears insignificant. The war is not only costing money, but much that money cannot buy. A greasy old bundle, containing the sacred tattooing implements of the Osage Indians, recently brought the highest price ever paid for a curiosity by the University of Pennsylvania museum. The Implements were wrapped In coarse buf falo hair cloth, reed mats, buckskin and calico, and are 45 in number. Kach has a different degree of sacredness, but no one knows*their exact significance, as the last Osage Indian who understood the necromaey and the religious character of tattooing is dead. There was a dried bird in flie bundle, with the feathers still on it, a brass ring and thimble, a weasel skin, a wooden cylinder, a i art ridge and little wooden shafts fitted with steel needles with which the actual tat tooing was done. All these objects, how ever, were supposed to have a ten-ible power over the human body and soul. Thorns were used before the Indians got needles from ttjf white men. The tat tooing bundle at the university museum is thought to be the only one in existence. It was sought for by agents for many months. Jt is said that medicine men for merly received the equivalent of $1500 for tattooing the sons of Indiun warriors. The “Wbales” will do very well as a name for the Chicago Federal League baseball team, so long as they can keep in the swim anil -avoid being mistaken for submarines by “o. b.“ gunners. Officials estimate that the “jitney bus” reduces the daily receipts of the street railway company at least $700, a sum which would pay the wages of a great many conductors and motormen. A New Jersey man Is mad all over be cause a dentist pulled two good teeth and overlooked a had one. He should stop to consider that everybody is more or less distraught these days. If Senator Lodge really wanted to at tract more attention to himself than he has had heretofore, he succeeded by say ing that he didn’t know who “Connie’' Mack was. Andrew Carnegie and John D. Rockefel ler say they have given away $574,000,000, but all the average man can do is to give himself away*, and that causes him trouble. It is a striking coincidence that Birming ham has a “water problem” at a time when the prohibitionists seem determined to make everybody drink water. Tt is sad but true that a great many of our hyphenated Americans are going to have the quality of their citizenship questioned for years to come. The women of a Kansas town propose to ostracize all the gossips there. If that is done, each woman will probably have to flock by herself. -...-% Cremation was suggested by a headline in The Age-Herald, “Chinese Gunmen Burned.” However, they were merely buried. A Hoboken astrologist predicts a great blizzard in February, but it has just been decided that astrology is not a science. Tourists who can’t go to Europe can go to California and have a fairly good time with the plain people. Illinois is blushing because of its feeble minded legislature. Alabama is suffused for the same reason. An “Iron hand” would do a world of good in Mexico just about now, but there isn’t om* in sight. The «>-cent loaf hits the poor man right between the eyes. HuntsvHle Mercury-Banner: A Mont gomery headline reads, "Boat at the Wharf Doaded Both Ways." We would not be surprised if there are not a few legislators at the capitol in a like con dition. Montgomery Times: There may be a difference of opinion as to what happened to Birmingham’s finances, but nearly everybody will agree that they neeed mending.—Birmingham Age-Herald. And once getting them mended, get a strong padlock and keep the door locked sound and fast. Gadsden Journal: Investigation of a I Kentucky election fraud disclosed that "votes for women’’ could be bad at $1 each, while "votes for men" came at $2 | and $3 apiece. The men, of course, had j no idea of bargains. Guntersville Democrat: One lone car dinal piped his lay Monday morning, but ho sang as if he was afraid some one would hear him. Anniston Star: "Anniston has forfeited Us title, the "Model City," by having six policemen killed in the discharge of their duty in the past six months," says The Age-Herald. Possibly so, but we will re claim the forfeit. THE UNKNOWN JAPANESE Arthur Bullard in the Century Maga zine. Since the civil war no one has feared armed invasion from any couhtry but Japan. This meanace has been grossly exaggerated, not always from laudable motives. But there is no gain in the ostrich policy of refusing to look at what danger there is. Tiie tiling which most sharply differen tiates our relations with Japan from those with Great Britain is that while we are well acquainted with the English, the Japanese, of all the great nations, are the people we know least. The unknown is always fearsome. The English, who* have had the longest and closest contact with the oriental races, do not dread them. "The yellow peril" is a phrase at tributed to the Kaiser, a man who has never been east of Suez. And we, who are wofully unacquainted with the Japanese, are unduly disposed to credit every sin ister rumor. / IN HOTEL LOBBIES The City Brantiful “With the approach of spring the city beautiful movement will be revived, and the first thing done in that direction should he a general cleaning up of al leys and back yards.’' said an old citi zen. "Of course, there can be no beauty without cleanliness. "Birmingham has always been kept as clean as the average city, but since civic pride has been aroused we must not be satisfied with anything less than the highest standard of sanitation, and along with that attention must be given to everything that contributes to the beau tiful." Will Ho Treated by Specialist James Hillhouse left Wednesday night for Rochester, Minn., where he will be treated by a specialist at the Mayo hos pital for an ailment which has been troubling him for four years. He was treated sometime ago in an eastern hos pital, but his condition did not improve. Mr. Hillhouse’s friends say that he has been apparently in fairly good health, and they feel hopeful that when he re turns home he will be free from all suf fering. \\ imlnw Snlen "There seems to be a springing up of all sorts of window display sales of candy and fruit,’’ said the head of a family. "I have been a patron, in a limited way, of each of them. The idea of ap ples and oragnes at 1 cent a piece aroused my curiosity at first, to see if there was any frost-bitten fruit offered, but I found it sound and sweet. "As to the candy, it is much better than some of the pasty, overloaded-with starch stuff that has been at times la beled ‘home-made,’ and sold on the streets. "Sound fruit and pure sugar candles are wholesome and healthy for children and for grown-ups. "Talking with a candy manufacturer a few days ago, r was surprised to find that sugar at 4*4 cents is a cheaper and more satisfactory ingredient for candy than glucose at 3 cents, or less. Glucose is sweeter, but owing to rapid evaporation does not keep candy as fresh and sweet as that made with sugar.” First Avenue A induct “The nearing of the completion of sec tions of the First aveni| viaduct gives an impressive idea of modern structural work, with steel and concrete,” said a citizen of Woodlawn. “This viaduct promises much relief to the citizens bf my section of Birming ham. which includes Avondale and Wood lawn and Roebuck Springs dwellers, from vexatious delays, and dangers at rail road crossings, and the dust of the Sloss furnaces in the summer time especially. “I am glad that Commissioner Weath erly, who has charge of that part of the city’s affairs, has called for the pav ing of First avenue, from the eastern terminus of the viaduct to Spring street. Avondale.” Regular Army Munt He Strengt Uened “I was not expecting the present Con gress to do anything in the way of strengthening the United States army, but I should be disappointed if the Sixty fourth Congress does not see the need of preparedness and adopt measures ac cordingly,” said a national guardsman who is known to be a close student of mil itary affairs. “If we had positive assurance that this country would never have war forced upon it by a great foreign power we would get along with our present small army—now less than 90,000 with a considerable part of it stationed in our insular possessions. Secretary of State Bryan recently spoke lightly of the need for increasing our reg ular established army. He said that if an enemy threatened to invade the United States we could assemble a volunteer force of 1,000,000 men between sunrise and sun set, or words to that effect. Such re marks, of course, wrere absurd. We have 7,000,000 or 8.000,000 men—probably 9,000,000— liable for military dirty, but untrained militiamen are of no use. It takes at least six months to make soldiers of raw re cruits. “If the European war continues long Great Britain will have a large army in the field. No one understands better than Lord Kitchener the futility of attempting to oppose a military power with undrilled men. I understand that he is having hun dreds of thousands of British volunteers drilled now with the intention of march ing them to the front sometime during the coming summer. If this country had a standing army of 200,000 or 250,000 men, with our 100,000 guardsmen and unorgan ized militia coming on later, wre might do well in fighting back a foreign foe. As it is now our national defense is very weak.” V The Iron Market Rogers, Brown & Co.’s Cincinnati re port for the -current week is in part as follows: “Conditions continue to show improve ment and while the local iron market is quiet, there is rfo lack of indication that responses made to general conditions else where will be forthcoming. There has been some fair inquiries and one or two good-sized purchases, but nothing of a broader awakening. The w e1. has pro duced some excellent business in New York and Philadelphia territories, heavy purchases of southern iron are reported as being made by pipe works and others using the lower grades, of which there i has been a surplus on some furnace yards. Iron is moving steadily and in large vol ume from furnace stocks. "The advance in some steel shapes in dicates confidence, and higher prices in! other lines are but further evidence of what has teen hoped for and may be imminent. “January saw an in-crease in the pro duction of pig iron and activity in both steel making and merchant furnace oper ation. However, the January production is, with the exception of last November and December, the lowest production on record since November of 1908.” GOT ELECTED, MAYBE From the Augusta Chronicle. A negro preacher in Kentucky was fined $150 for selling his rote.—Birmingham Age-Herald Will not the good Birmingham Age Herald also say to us Just what hap pened to the man, or the men, who bought the vote? SUFFERING AT HOME From the Houston Post. With her legislature in session, Ala bama wonders how it is that so many people in Belgium complain of the horrors of war. HIS EXPLANATION From the Chicago Tribune. % “Your voice,” said the commanding of ficer, “is decidedly rasping.” “Yes, sir,” said the subordinate, touch ing his hat. “I have been out roughing it with a file of soldiers all morning." New York World: To one performance of the Kaiser's representatives in this country every American has a right to protest vehemently. They announce "neu trality and peace meetings.” and with the aid of their alien societies pack them with German sympathizers. Speakers en gaged in the belief that they are to ad dress neutral and peace-loving audiences find themselves torpedoed or Zeppelined before they have talked two minutes. In stead of neutrality, peace and free speech, they encounter riot and lynch law. New York has had this experience. Chicago had it on Sunday. These assemblages are engineered by Germans, domestlcapr foreign, who are making war upon the President and Sec retary of State. Orators who do not hes itate at sedition are heard gladly. Those still loyal to the United States who have been tricked and trapped into these con claves of militarism are shouted down by the ambushed claque, and another tri umph of “kultur” is proclaimed. Neutrality as defined by these profes sionals means donning the Emperor’s coat. Peace as they understand it is an attack upon the President and the gov ernment of the United States. New York iferald: It becomes increas ingly evident that ever since the drive on Paris was checked the Germans have felt that the problem of supplies would be art extremely important factor in the war. At once Instructions were formu lated for the conservation of food. Each month since has seen the issuance of further orders with regard to food sup plies. It is probable that other supplies, not ably copper and the petroleum products, are more sadly needed than food just at the present time. There seems little doubt, however, that the pinch of hunger is not far ahead for many of the Ger man people unless English control of the sea can be broken. The extending of their cereal products by potato flour and the elimination of every possible item of waste in food were followed by the government decree taking over all the foodstuffs in the country for public use. It goes without the saying that no such drastic measure w'ould be taken were it not very clearly seen that the issue of the war will turn on Ger many's ability to feed her population and ■her army. FOOTSTEPS AXI) CHARACTER From the Pittsburg Dispatch. By their walk you shall know them. Here is a professor who has invented a machine for recording the human gait. “A person can be identified by his man ner of walking as easily as by finger prints," contends the professor. “Watch the man who drags his feet along the ground as if every step were an effort. If he has any of this world’s goods It is because it, has been thrust upon him. He is the kind of man who would be in the first lifeboat that put out from a sinking ship. The man with the dragging gait is the .man without a heart. “The woman who has difficulty in lift ing her heels from the ground when she walks is a whiner. She believes the best she ever gets is the worst of it, and she will go into the minutest detail about trlvialties. The woman with a dragging gait Is the woman without spine. “Watch the man who hurries along as if he wrere anxious to part company with the pavement. His steps are quick and snappy. The man with the snappy step has plenty of- pep. When you see a woman planting her feet firmly on the ground and walking with a free swing you may be sure she is wholesome, to be depended upon, capable. She will be your friend, your pal, your sweetheart on rainy days, just as much as or more than w'hen the sun shines.’’ And a lot of wives whose husbands are given to hitting both sides of the -street and the middle coming home will find the gait machine a handy little household ob ject. SHIPS MUST CARRY OH, From the Boston Globe. For many years sailors have known that oil would smooth the sea and oc casionally It has been used for that pur pose In cases of emergency. Now, under a new regulation promul gated by the department of commerce, the coastwise and ocean-going vessels, over 200 tons and propelled by machinery, are required to carry a supply. On voyages, wiien necessary, the oil is allowed to drip into the water through pipes in order to prevent waves and spray from dashing over the decks. The application of it is especially effec tive during storms if vessels are riding at anchor. Utilization of oil, you remember, result ed in the rescue of 521 persons from the burning Uranium liner Volturno. Cap tain Barr of the steamer Carmania reached the scene of the disaster early, but found himself unable to render as sistance on account of the mountainous seas. He sent out a wireless call for a tanker and back from Captain Harwood of the Narragansett flashed the welcome words: “I will be up with the milk in the morning.” 4 After the arrival of the oil carrier 10 great steamers swung into line about the doomed Volturno and lifeboats were soon flitting between the vessel in flames and the rescue ships over an oil-covered and comparatively smooth ocean. RELATED BY HIS FEET From the New York Times. While Miss Katherine B. Davis, com missioner of corrections, was lecturing between the acts at Keith’s Bronx thea tre, where “suffrage right” was being ob served last evening, Charles Dougherty, 20 years old, of 470 East 160th street, ac cjmpanied by Edward Schlechter, 17 years old, of 1012 Simpson street, entered the theatre and presented their seat tickets, to Roy Hart, head usher, who lives at 1012 Simpson street. Dougherty wore a fine new pair of tan shoes. The shoes attracted the attention of Hart. Early in the afternoon the Hart apart ment had been robbed, and Hart recog nized the shoes as those that had been stolen from his father. Hart quietly con ducted Patrolman Schull of the Morisanla station, down to the seats occupied by the unsuspecting youths, where the po liceman arrested them. At the station Hart identified the shoes or. Doughterty’s feet as the wearing ap parel of his father. When Schletchter wa3 starched the police found a penknife on him which w§ls identified by Hart as his father’s property. Dougherty and Schlechter were held upon a charge of having stolen goods in their possession. SOME OLD From the Louisville Herald. “T hear an automobile was built in 25 minutes at a factory test. Wonder if that is true?” “Yes. it is true. And went out of style in exactly 18 minutes more.” ADRIFT WITH THE TIMES HEARTLESS. Some men are held Jn heartless thrall When women's tears Begin to fall. While some there are Deep viIlians they. Who coldly smile And walk away. NO SCIENCE. “Isn’t it dreadful to Bee the way those boys are fighting?’’ exclaimed the agi tated old lady. “ ’Tis so, madam,” answered the man with sporting Instincts, who was an in terested observer of the combat. “Neith er one of them seems„to know the value of an upper cut." JUST THE MAN. “He goes about all the time with his head in the clouds.” “He could get a job in England now.” “What doing?” “Looking out for Zeppelins.” AN UNDERGROUND CLUB. “A letter from the front? How inter esting! What does the writer say about the war?” “Nothing in particular about the war. He merely informs me that he and his comrades are figuring on Installing a billiard table in their trench.” ASKING TOO*MUCH. “The Jobsons seem to think their baby the most remarkable infant in the world,” said the irascible old gentle man. “Well, you shouldn’t blame them for that. It's only natural.” “Maybe so, but what particularly irri tates me is the fact that they expect me to neglect my business and waste my valuable time just to study its good points.” BOTH SUFFER. The man who pawns his overcoat Ere wintry winds have ceased to blow Methinks !s In the self same boat With him whose coal supply is low. HAD SOME LUCK. Job bad his troubles, yes indeed: J That’s what he was created for. i But still he never had to read All day about the foreign war. —Milwaukee News Job found existence rather tough* And led a somewhat painful life. But he escaped the endless stuff About the curren baseball strife. i ^-Louisville Courier-Journal 1 Job suffered many earthly ills And never did his temper lose; No “solons” then w'ere passing bills ( ’Gainst everything, including “booze.” --Birmingham Age-Herald. Job did have troubles, one or two, And had more troubles than was right* But he had no problem to do Till after bedtime every night. . —Houston Post TO NO PURPOSE. “Pa, what is meant by a filibuster?” “In the recent deadlock on the ship purchase bill, my son, it hieant a great deal of w-asted talk, with extra accent on the. ’bust.” "THERE’S A REASON. “I’m surprised to hear that man r© joicing over the return of prohibition. He’s in the liquor business.” “Softly, softly. He made a great deal of money running a ‘tiger’ and lost it trying to run a saloon.” IN KANSAS. f A bill has been introduced in the lowei house of the Kansas legislature making it a misdemeanor for a woman under 45 years of age to wear earrings or it-e cosmetics "for the purpose of creating a false impression." by which is meant evidently a “false impression” as to her youthfulness. Women over 45, we pre sume, are expected to know better, al though there is nothing in their appear ance these days to indicate that they do. This bill was framed in Kansas. It is quite foolish enough to have had an Alabama “solon” for its sponsor. PAUL COOK. FIGHTS ALONG THE MEUSE From an article copied by the National Geographic Society. □BOVE every other valley, that of the Meuse has become a battle field. At Liege on the Meuse, the first great battle of the war broke forth, and the struggle blazed and sear ed all along the picturesque splendor of this wild, rugged banked stream, direct ly southward through Belgium into France. According to the day by day dispatches, some of the most fierce fight ing and efforts are atill raging on 1 ta banks. Liege, Namur, Diuant, Givet, Sedan, Stenay, Verdun and St. ~iibfel each name recently became familiar to Americans—all lie along Us course. Three counties share the Meuse. It rises in France, flows northward through Belgium, crosses the Dutch fronties, sweeps westward through Holland and empties into the North Sea. Its journey to the sea is one of 580 miles, of which 460 are navigable. Its source *s in the south of the French Department Haute Marne near the Monte Faucilles whence it crosses the Department Vosges, Meuse, Ardennes, into Belgium near Sedan, northward into Holland near Maastrich, and thence westward to the sea. It bears several names along Its couree—Meuse, Maes, Maas, Merwede. The Valley of the Meuse for ages has been a channel for tlie ebb and flow of j armies. It might be said to drain one j vast historic battle fields Caesar pi is sued its path into unknown, barbaric! North. The wild Teutonic tribes pressed down between its banks toward the wealth of Rome. Christian Europe has been settling its differences along the valley of the Meuse by force of arms down to the present day. Tn the forest of Ardennes, the Meuse flows through a country rich in ro mances of Charlemangs. Vinelands and hop gardens lie further along its banks, and then it washes great indus trial cities, gathering to itself the ashes, rust and acids of factory and furnace waste. Finally, it drifts through the flat lands of Holland, supplying the numer ous canals which lazily divide the plains. Here and there, as between Namur and Riege, it cuts a narrow passage between wobded hills and cliffs, their difficult sides dotted with pretty villas. Just be fore v.aching the sea. the Meuse. here the Maas, divides, one branch flowing west and the other mingling with i'll® Rhine to empty past Rotterdam at the Hook of Holland. 7n the beginning of its course the val ley of the Meuse is a wide meadowland. It then breaks into a gorge, fringed with broken, tangled banks. There is a wealth of scenic beauty along its way. Chateaux, castles, cottages, and farm steads sprinkle the valley, though far more thickly than these evidences of the living are clustered the place names res cued from forgetfulness by Icgenls and historic records. The camp of the Adua tyici described by Caesar is marked by a citadel on a hill between this river and the Sanibre. its largest tributary. At Dinant, Phillip the »-rOod, Duke of Burgundy, is said to have caused eight hundred people to be drowned In its waters. But the river has long since forgotten the good duke's sprightly slaughter in a present time more stir ring, more titanic and far more costly in human life. THE “SILENCER” IMPRACTICAL From the Louisville Courier-Journal. A‘MA?IM silencer” was used by a criminal as an attachment to a pocket pistol in a popular play a season or two ago. A few days ago a New York business man who had lost his fortune in real estate speculation used a silencer to muffle the reports of a .44 caliber rifle with which he killed his wife and two daughters and himself. There followed a great deal of discussion about the possibilities of the silencer as an aid to crime. Stringent laws, it was urged, should be enacted to prevent the sale of silencers. It seems that the device 1b so simple that any skilled mechanic could make it, and a murderer will noj be scrupulous about infringing upon a patent right. A new law is always, to some minds, the obvious and urgently needed remedy for any condition. But. no law has ever kept weapons out of the pockets of the crim inal class, and none will ever do so. Piling on more statutes whenever a new method of committing murder suggests itself is a waste of time and money. It is not at all probable that criminals will adopt silencers. It is asserted that they cannot be used on pistols. Stage fic tion misrepresents the facts. If it is true that the rifle bullet at long distances loses both velocity and “direction as a result of the silencer being used it is un likely that assassins in sparsely settled sections will adopt a muffler at the ex pense of the accuracy of their weapon*4 and rifles are not used by city crim inals. « The dagger and sundry blunt instru ments are weapons of as great precision as firearms, and silent. There Is no probability jthat murderers are much excited about the silencer as some of the New Yorkers who demand an anti silencer law reveal themselves as being. If, or when, a silencer for pocket fire arms, is perfected, it is probable that criminals who carry pistols for use as a last resort—such as burglars, who wish to avoid shooting—will make use of them. So long as the silencer Is practical upon rifles only it is not probable that it will stimulate man-killing, unless investiga tion proves that it does not materially af fect the accuracy of shooting at long range. That the report of his small caliber rifle will reveal him and result in hi* capture and conviction is not a large fac tor in the calculation of the man-killer of the Appalachian region. The invention of a silencer of alibi witnesses would de feat his plans more surely than a de vice to silence the report of his rifle would advance them. ••••••••••••••••••••••••*••••••••••• POISONING THE OLD POLKS From the New York World. It would be charitable to assume that the former porter of the German Odd Fel lows’ home at Yonkers who says that he helped poison eight old and decrepit in mates of the institution Is "crazy.’’ On its face the confession of the man Mors is too shocking to appear cred ible ■ to the average person. The ordi nary man and women woh leads a hum drum existence cannot conceive that such deeds are humanly possible, and would reject them as utterly false to life if described In the pages of fiction. It is the privilege of every such reader to live in a pleasant world of his own crea tion where abnormal human beings who torture and kill and offend every law of humanity are too vile for actual exis tence. The police records, however, are full of instances of human conduct that no nov elist, however unrestrained Ills taste for horrors, would dare employ. But the police records deal with the unusual, not the unreal, and they illustrate the worst ’ that could be imagined, not the Imagt narv. If they should eventually show that five old men and three old>women were put out of the way at the Yonkers asylum, no one would think of disput ing their accuracy, and the incident would soon be dismissed to make room for tales of slaughter on European battlefields 1000 times more incomprehensible and repul sive. AROUND THE HEARTH From John Greenleaf Whittier’s ' Snow bound.’’ Shut in f.om all th# world without. We siU the clean winged hearth about. Content to let the north wind roar In baffled rage at pane and door. While the red logs before us beat The frost line back with tropic heat; And ever, when a louder blast Shook beam and rafter as it passed, The merrier up its roaring draught The great throat of the chimney laughed* The house dog on his paws outspread, Laid to the Are his drowsy head, The cat’s dark silhouette on the wall. A couchant tiger’s seemed to fall; And, for the winter fireside meet. Between the andirons’ straddling feet, A mug of cider simmering slow. The apples sputtered in a row, And close at hand, the basket stood With nuts from brown October’s tried.