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The Birmingham age-herald. [volume] (Birmingham, Ala.) 1902-1950, February 15, 1915, Image 1

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BIRMINGHAM
AGE-HE RALD
P VOLUME XXXXIV‘
BIRMINGHAM. ALABAMA, MONDAY, FKBlil ARY 15, 1915
NTM BKU 2H:>
---*— —
_
| Servians Defeated and Are
Forced to Retreat, Says
a Havas Dispatch
From Nish
| TWO BIG BATTLES
ON EAST FRONTIER
ARE IN PROGRESS
J —
Germans Claim Successes
Against Russians, While
Austrians Reoccu
pv Bukowina
Paris, February 14.—<J»i40 p. *w.l— \
Fla van telegram from Nish say* the
following statement was given out by
the Servian government todayt
“Yesterday large numbers of Alban
ians broke through our lines, crossing
the frontier In the department of Prls
rend. Before superior forces of the
enemy our troop* as well as the mu
nicipal authorities were forced to re
' treat.
| “The Albanians continue to advance
I in the direction of Zapod. Topoliana
I and Glavotchnitz.
i| “The enemy cut telephone and tele
I Braph communications.”
I London, February 14.—(5 p. m.)—A
I largo force of Albanians has crossed
I the Servian frontier into the depart
I ment of Prisrend, forcing the Servian
I troops and local authorities to with
I draw, according to a Reuter dispatch
I from Nish, Servia. The Albanians, the
I message adds, continue to advance.
Pj London, February 14.—(10:35 p. m.)
I Two big battles, it is believed, already
I pave begun or will begin soon on the
I Russian side of the East Prussia fron
1 tier and on the River Sereth in Ruk
I owina. The Russians have withdrawn
I in East Prussia and in Bukowina in
1 the face of superior German and Aus
I train armies, to concentrate and come
I Into closer touch with their linrr of
■ communication.
I The official reports make brief ref
I erence to the operations at these two
9 extremes of the eastern front, but
| what they do say indicates that the
I Russians have reached the llcas on
I which Grand Duke Nicholas has decided
I to give battle.
jg The rest of the carhpaign in the 'asi.
I oven the fighting in the Carpathians,
I 1c overshadowed by these greater
I events, on tlie result of which both
I sides are staking much.
I Germans Claim Victory
I The Germans claim a big victory in
I East Prussia and the Austrians an
H nounce the Russian retirement in Buk
I owina with elation, but apparently
I Petrograd views these incidents with
I out misgiving.
I In the west there has been a oon
I tinuation of heavy artillery bombard
I ments, in which Rheims again has suf
H fered, and several infantry attacks,
B In which both sides claim success
B From unofficial sources comes the
B news that St. Mihiel, on the Meuse,
B which the Germans have held so long,
B has come under fire of the French
B guns, which shows that the Fren-ii
B either have advanced in this region oi
B have brought up heavier guns in an ef
B lort to dislodge the Germans.
|| At sea the weather has been such
B that naval operations are out of th<
B Question. The English coast has been
H washed by tremendous sea’s for twrc
B cays past and many ships have beer
■ wrecked and considerable damage has
B been done at several ports.
|p good deal of interest is taxon In
B the coming week’s proceedings of thi
B Tritish Parliament, for tomorrow
H David Lloyd-George, chancellor of tin
m exchequer, will make a statement li
m financial arrangements between Great
Bt Britain, France and Russia, and Win
■ fcton Spencer Churchill, first lord oJ
■ the admiralty, will review the rava!
H situation.
I^ater in the week debate will bt
■ continued on the increased cost of tin
■ necessaries of life, in connection witt
■ which a number of meetings belt
H throughout the country Saturday ant
■ Sunday have urged the government t(
■ take steps to control food supplies arc
B the means for their distribution.
■ Artillery Action
H Paris, February 14.— (2:45 p. m.
■ The following communication was is
■ sued today by the French war office:
■ 'In Belgium: The bombardment o
■ Nleuport-Les-Bains, of our trenche
■ In the Dunes and of the city* of Ypre
■ continued. Our artilleiy delivered i
■ counter bombardment of the enemy’
■ batteries.
Hk “From the Lys to the Aisne Iher
■ were intermittent cannonades. Nea
H Noulette a detachment of the enem;
|H which attempted to advance upon ou
IB trenches was stopped by infantry fir*
Bli “In Champagne there has been In
HI tense activity on the part of the en
IB emy’g artillery upon our front bffor
jfi Rheims. The city has been bombarded
gfl Our fire on the German trenches ap
^H pears to hal e accomplished good re
■ suits.
Igi “From the Argonne to the Masell
HI the day w as calm.
ggii “In Lorraine German forces move
■ against those of our advanced ele
■ ments which occupy the signal statlo
■ of Xon, northeast of Pont-a-Moussoi
B The results of the battle are not knowt
Bt “Jn Alsace the enemy has ta-cen th
IB offensive through the valley ot th
■ Lauch with two columns, adv.uicln
B along the north and south banks c
B the river. The march of these troop
B la reported to have been delayed an
ifl impeded by our ski patrols. They ar
■ now In contact with our most advance
^H lines.
Hi “A violent snowstorm rages In th
IB Vosges.’*
(German Report
H| Berlin. February 14.—(|3.v wireless t
Hi London. 3 p. m.)—'Today s official state
B inent issued by the German army ,ead
H Quarters says:
H| 'To the north of Pont-a-Mousson w
9 I02»tta««4 •• P»«t ■*!«•)
IMMEDIATE EMBARGO
ON WHEAT TO LOWER
BREAD PRICE URGED
Mayor Mitchel’s Food Committee Re- j
port Submitted By tleorge W. |
Perkins—Says Prices
Will Rise
New York. February 14.— An imme
diate embargo on the exportation of
wheat to prevent further bread price
increase is recommended in the report
of Mayor Mitchel's food committee, :ub
milted by George W. Perkins, chair
man, today. The opinion is expiessed
that if wheat exports continue at th-*
present abnormal rate the price of
bread will soar much higher.
Mayor Mltchel lias forwarded tne re
port to President Wilson.
Withholding of wheat by farmers
for higher prices and speculation are
blamed by Mr. Perkins for high prices
"In the six months since th • war
began," declares the report, "we have
exported many million bushels more
than we exported in the preceding 30
months, and the impression Is abroad
in the land that these large shipments
to Europe have more than consumed
our surplus and that our present sup
ply Is below our actual needs.
"In the judgment of this committee
this situation is causing farmers and
middlemen to hold their wheat and
causing all classes of speculators 10 be
confident of higher prices. Your com
mittee feels that the time has arrived
for our federal government to state
w i it is in favor of an immediate
embargo and if not, what conditions
in its opinion would justify such ac
tion. *
"If the government favors an em
bargo the mere announcement to that
effect undoubtedly would bring out at
present nr at lower prices much wheat
that i8 being withheld."
SURVIVOR TELLS
HOW SUBMARINE
SUNK FREIGHTER
Captain Mistook Submarine For Brit
ish Battler and Rung: Up British
Flap—Two Explosions Fol
lowed Immediately
r -
New York, February 14.—A fir.^t hand
story of the sinking of the British
freighter Ikaria, torpedoed by a Ger
man submarine January SI oTf Havre
was told by Alfred Edwards, ;i mem
ber of the Ikaria's crew, who reached
here today from Liverpool. Edwards'
home is in Philadelphia.
"It was shortly after noon,' said
Ed varda. "when we saw the submar
ine come to ttie surface less than a
mjle distant. Her bow showed the
marks 'U-iL’ The captain of the Ikaria.
apparently took the war craft for a
British or French submarine for h<
ran up the British flag. It was but a
moment before the submarine sank
from view.
"The next thing we saw was a white
shape coming toward us just below the
surface. Then there was a crash, a
tower of wait r rose ..■ the air an.i
tho ship keeled over as she roe's with
th s uplift.
"All hands were ordered to the boat*
but before we could launch them a
.second explosion occurred and -igain
the ship was lifted. One of the life
boats was damaged and we were com
pelled to launch a third. We were no.
molested in our boats.
"When struck we were only 15 miles
off Havre, tlie sea was calm and we
put for the coast and were picked up
within an hour by a French torepdu
boat ”
TO ASlTRELIEF OF
NOTED VIOLINIST
American Petition To Be Sent Austria
Asking That Adolph Brodsky Be
Given Freedom
New York, February 14.—The state de
partment will he asked to present the
Austrian government a petition for the
release of Dr. Adolph Brodsky, the vio
linist, who is interned in an Austriar
concentration camp. The petition is signer
by prominent fellow musicians, residenl
in this country.
Musicians of all nationalities and sym
pathies." says a statement issued toniglu
in behalf of the petitioners, "have taker
an interest in this plan for one whorr
they recognize as a master in his art
upon the ground that art is international
but the signatures have been confined tf
American citizens or those resident ir
America.”
Although a Russian by birth. Dr. Brod
sky is described as "reaily a produc
of the Viennese schools, and his impris
onment in the country which he regardet
as his home is one of the bitter and inex
pllcable incidents of this cruel war. "Foi
some years he resided in the Unitec
Stages.
The petitioners point out that Dr. Brod
sky is in his 64th year, and that he can
hot he regarded as a military or poiitica
factor.
japan Insists in
DEMANDS ON CHDM
. Chinese Minister Informed Thst Ac
, ceptance of Entire Demand Will
< Be Pressed at Tokio
^ Peking, February 14.—The Chlnes<
Minister at Tokio today reported f.
:• his government that the Japanese for
’ eign minister. Baron Takaaki Kate
had declared that Japan must insist oi
the acceptance of the lota! demands ro
■ cently made on China.
3 At the Chinese foreign office, how
ever, it was said the Peking govern
ment intended to continue in Its re
fusal to acquiesce in the Japanese de
- mauds.
i Weihsten. Shan Tung. China. Febru
* ary 14.—The Japanese are constructinj
1 wooden barracks at every railway sta
tion except the smallest, along the lin
3 between Weihsien and Tsinan.
; Tsinan Is the capital of the Chines
f province of Shan Tung Miid is connect
b »-d by rail through Weihsien wit
1 Tsing-Tau, the port of the Kbi-Cho\
i* concession recently surrendered by th
1 Germans to the Japanese troops Th
distance by rail between Tsin-T.tu an
b Tsinan is approximately 225 miles.
Wheal Supply Sufficient
Naples. February 14.—(Via Rome.
(* Wheat that lias Just arrived on th
' steamers Maylands and Arplllao trot
New Orleans will Increase the supply o
e hand so there will be sufficient fc
Italy’s ueed^until the end of April, i
is said. *
BEUEVyFFICIALSi
Reports of Appeal For Joint i
Action By the Powers
Against Mexico Are
Inaccurate
STRICT CENSORSHIP
KEEPS DETAILS OF
SITUATION UNKNOWN
Carranza’s Decree Forcing
Diplomats to Deal With iy
Him Personally May £
Cause Complications jV
v
W fl«hloKton. February 14.—Win. »•
olTicIfll mi'MtagPN hail been reeelveil to- j
dn> nt the stale department or the
Spanish embassy here ns to the spun- !
isli koi eminent** attitude toward t«ei»-|
eral C’arrnmtn’s expulsion of Its m1n- (
Ister from Mexico, press dlsjintehes
from Madrid Indicating that th * mat- j
ter would be adjusted through diplo- j
mntle ehannels were credited l*> offl- j
elals.
Another action of the Carranza gov
ernment which may cause further com
plications for the Mexico City diplo
matic corps was taken today in the
announcement that General Carranza j**
personally is solely authorized to re- “
ceive and pass on diplomatic communi
cations. This may seriously aff-Vi tin;
diplomatic activity of American con
sular agents instructed to deal with (
the do facto authorities, whoever theyjy
may be.
The order apparently will make it a
impossible for diplomatic representa
tives to deal with the Carranza gov- *
ornmetu except by going to Vera Cruz, o
which they have been unwilling to do.
lest such action be construed as lormal t
recognition.
Reports Inaccurate
Reports of an appeal by .Spain lor P
joint action in Mexico were not regard- u
cd here as accurate. Officials pointed
out the Spanish government piobabl.
would consult the Ub+ted States be for- s
taking such a step. It was believed
not unlikely, however, that for the y
information of the powers of tho world, y
Spain would communicate a statement *
of the circumstances under which the j.
Spanish minister was deported. f
On account of the severe censorship
established at Vera Cruz by General *
Carranza, little news of the difficul- j
tioa of foreign consuls and diplomat*
has born permitted to reach the Uni
ted States. It has just been authori
tatively learned, however, that for *ome
time barely courteous relations hu\e £
been maintained between Carranza and
the consuls of Spain and Great 1 rit
ain at Vera Cruz. Both the consuls in
clined Carranza’s displeasure because
of their persistency in calling to his c
attention what they considered unjust c
aggression on foreign property. r
The American consul at Vera Cruz, c
W. H. Canada, time and again has made t
representations to Carranza on the 1
treatment of Spaniards. Recently ho r
was instructed to say that the do- i
partment of state had learned of tho r
shooting of seven Spaniards at Aplzaco 1
anl of another at a nearby town, and f
to point out that a continuation of the
policy of executing Spaniards would
be regarded with keen displeasure by 1
the United States, which would place 1
personal responsibility on Carrarza. r
Carranza's Decree
Carranza’s latest decree concerning 1
, foreign diplomatic representations was ‘
revealed today In a telegram from Ra- 4
fael Zub&ran Caopmany, minister of the
interior, to Elizeo Arredondo, local Tep- l
resentative of Carranza. It said:
“The first chief of the constitution
alist army has been apprised that per
sons of diverse nationalities staling
1 themselves confidential or consular
agents of foreign governments, with
‘ out really being so, and other persons
styling themselves representatives of
toreign colonies or large foreign in
terests established in Mexico, pvater.d
to make representations. *iddreas com
munications and treat directly about
matters of an international ch tractor f
with different leaders of the constitu- ]
tionalist army.
“This tends to disrupt unity in the
constitutionalist government and to 4
belittle the authority of the first v.hief. 1
It is the -purpose of this government 1
to comply w’ith its international duties, 1
affording just protection under the laws 4
to nil foreign persons and interest*, 1
i
(Continued on Page Eight)
■ "
AUDACIOUS NOT SUNK AFTER ALL
. .. ' ■■ ' ■" 1 " ■■■ ■ " ■ =—■—">
I 1 ' TH € '• A ubAC IQL)& ' " - n
The Audacious, one of Great Britain's finest and. most-poiwei fjul battleships of tile superdreadnaughtc
which was supposed to have been sunk In-thc North Sea, Is report «i to be safe in Belfast and will rejoin the guard
’ f The "mighty first line war vessel bt the 'rbyil dairy did- not die like Venus from the sea, as might be sup*
e posed from the reiterated reports of her destruction-oft tins North Irish coast on October 27 last,
n In the light of the news received froth England the Audacious,; although badly crippled by a German tot
a pedo or mine, was not sunk With her weepndod hull bound In cs.llpfon mats and the gaping hole below the
I-I water line adequately plugged, she remained afloat atwl was safely guided into dry dock, several hours in the
t wake of the Olympic of the White Star llpp. which put’about In rogpaiwo to the battleship s radio signal of dip
trePPs -~ : „ •. i .» . .
; c • ^ ' *• *'-/x r ',( ■ . y ,*
rHREATENSBLOCKADE
__ OF ALL GERMAN PORTS
i - n
u
T^ryf -isiaw^^ Jiac-o>i. «C_. s;. -^^^xjn-or^E
The announcement of Premier -\t'<iuttli. in the House of ('oiniiioii«, that
an actual blockade of the German coast by the British fleet is under con
sideration ami .Sir Kdward Grey’s intimation that tin re is little chain o of
peace overtures at the present timl* has stirred all Kngland. The Premier
declared that the British government was considering drastic nn-n.ures
to paralyze all German commerce, lie stated that the recent "flagrant
breaches of the rule of intertilltiona 1 warfare’1 made such steps necessary.
While it is not disclosed what action is contemplated at this time, It is
understood that tin* suggested submarine blockade by Germany will be fol
lowed by an actual blockade of ill the German coast by the British flee!.
THE WAR SITUATION
Pans, February 14.— (10:40 p. m.)—The following official communicatio
as issued by the war office tonight:
"From the sea to the Meuse no infantry action is reported. There have bee
rtillery duels in Belgium between the Oise and the Aisne and in Champagnt
“In Lorraine, in the region of Pont a-Mousson. we have delivered a counte
ttack against the enemy, who captured Noroy and who had gained a foothol
n a neighboring height. The engagement continued.
“No late advices have been received respecting operations in the valley o
ie Lauch. in which advance posts are engaged.”
Berlin. February 14.—(By Wireless to Sayville.)—The Budapest daily new!
aper Azest says Austro-Hungarian troops entered Radautz, in Bukowina, s
nexpectedly that all members of the Russian general staff were captured.
The commanding Russian general, the newspaper adds, committed suicide
Petrr>^r-\j[|, r7hruary 14.—The fnllow,ii*j official statement from the gener;
taff of Russian commander-in-chlef was made public tonight:
“The fighting on the right bank of the Vistula is developing gradually o
he front from Mochowo up to the highway from Myszinic to Ostrolenka. I
as assumed the character of partly isolated combats.
“In the region of Lyck, Raygrod and Grajewo, the fighting is characterize
y considerable obstinacy. Farther cast our troops have fallen back upon th
jrtified line of the river Niemen under pressure of heavy German forces.”
JEW YORK BEING
RAPIDLY FREED OF
ORGANIZED VICE
ommillee of 11 Which is Investigat
ing City's Social Conditions
Submits Annual Report
New York. February 14.—Connnei
ialized vice is rapidly being driven out
f New York anti disreputable resorts
lmost have disappeared in a 'space
f 10 years, the committee of 14 formed
o drive organized vice out of the mel
opolitan district, asserted in its an
ual report made public tonight. W th- |
n the next 12 months, the committee
red lets, the police and the courts will
ave taken a firm grip on tht- r< .. nant
f vice that flourishes.
To these and other optimistic state
irnts tlie committee adds a supple
•entary report which contradicts stati -
Tents of vice investigators who dr
lared that department stores It tm*
arge cities offerefl the most product
ive recruiting places for the agents of
ommerclalized vice.
For six months the committee's
rained investigators worked is cni
loyes in a Dig department store Th.*
ommittee concluded that tiie general
onditions among the employe* were
ormal; that little could be don** n th
tore to preserve moral rectitude b®
ause the investigators failed ^o find
mmorality among the employes and
stablishcd as well that vice agents do
lot go there for recruits.
Says “Drya” Have Tailed
Springfield, 111., February I I.—Daciar
ng that the anti-liquor forces have j
:ad their chance and have failed, "wet”
raders in#the lower house of th.* gen
ral assembly announced today thal
hey would attempt to organize tin
louse along strictly wet and dr> line's
his week, the seventh of tlte speak
rship deadlock. The "drya” have been
ttemptfng to obtain the election of
in® of their men through caucus av
ion.
I1 DRILLING BATTLE
IN AIR WITNESSED BY
rHOUSANDS OF TROOPS
\eroplanes Attack Zeppelin and 40
Minute Conflict Among the Clouds
Results—Zeppelin
(.els Away
Geneva, February 14 (Via Paris.>—,
thrilling battle between a 7. ppell
and three French aeroplane was wit
riessed yesterday by thousands or Ger
man and French troops near Muel
hausen.
The Zeppelin was sailing toward Bel
tort when it met the aeroplanes, flyin
much lower. The conflict lasted fc
Fihotit 40 minutes, both sides k^epin
lip a continuous fire. The aeroplane
Btruggled to reach a higher level v bic
would place them above the dingibl
and bad almost succeeded when tli
7a ppclin retired at great speed
GERMANS PREPARE
TO RENEW CAMPAIGN
Paris. February 14.—Refugees
pelled from Alsace Rorraine declare tl
Qormans are making extraordiiiai
preparations to resume the offensive i
that region. They declare that rnoi
than a million men are being assemble
Along the Rhine and that formidabl
entrenchments are being prepare
Every village is reported to have bee
prepared to sustain a siege.
All Inhabitants whose German symp*
thins are doubtful, refugees say, are t>«
lug expelled and every person show in
inquisitiveness is sent into Germany.
Old Mortar Found
Paris, February 14:—(5:50 p. ui. *—
company. of infantry which occ jpif
some German trenches found there
French mortar captured in 1K7an
which Had been used with great effer
tivoness in the present struggle.
AMBASSADOR GERARD
IS INVITED TO CONFER
WITH GERMAN KAISER
Action of Germany's Ruler Indicates
American Note Has Produced
Marked Impression
'ANNOUNCEMENT CAUSES
i KEEN INTEREST IN THE U. S.

! Believed Emperor Anxious to Adjust Matters Be
fore Blockade Goes Into Effect—No Word As
to How Soon Note Will Be Sent to the
United States
London, February 14.—(10:10 p. m.)—The German Emperor,
according to an Exchange telegraph dispatch from The Hague,
has invited the American ambassador to Germany, James W.
Gerard, to a conference at eastern headquarters.
Washington. February 14.—Press reports announcing that the German Em
peror had invited Ambassador Gerard to confer with him at the battle front
were read tonight with keen interest by officials of the United States govern
ment- Aside from the indication that the American note had produced an im
pression of supreme importance it was thought the Emperor had decided on a
conference so guickly because only four days remain before the German ad
miralty’s proclamation for a submarine campaign on merchant ships goes into
eftect.
In many quarters here it was sup
posed that one of the chief purposes of
the informal conference was to elicit
from the American government some
understanding regarding shipments of
conditional contraband destined to
Germany’s civilian population. !n
• asmuch as the German sea war zone
| proclamation is described as a retalia
tory step against the allies because or
alleged interference with food ship
j ments destined for the population of
j Germany, the growing importance of
’ ! this question was admitted on all sides
• here. There is every reason to be
r lieve it will be one of the chief points
i made by the United States in its next
j communication to Grout Britain on
the subject of contraband.
The long supplementary rep1> from the
British government to the Amerlean note
j of protest of December Ztf hud not been
transmitted In full tonight, but officials
expected a complete copy of it would bo
ready for their perusal tomorrow
I At the German embassy it was said no
word had been received from Berlin to In
dira t* how soon a reply to the Amer
ican note might be looked for.
It became known today that Count
Von Bernstmff the Herman ambassador*
pointed out to Secretary Bryan yester
da> that Herman.' desired to encourage
Amr.-rlcan shipping This was shown
clearly by his government, the ambassa
dor asserted, when short I' after the be
ginning of the war Herman.' expressed
its willingness to accept the declaration
of London art the law of the seas, appli
cable during the war. It was Oreat Brit
ain. the ambassador said, who hud de
clined t In* suggestions of the l’niton
States that the declaration of London
bp adopted by belligerents and neutrals,
therein compelling the I’nited States ti
a pit mice its purpose of being guided by
the general international la" on the sub
ject of naval warfare
Whatever suffering might come to neu
tral shipping as n result of the Herman
decree declaring the waters around the
British isles to be tn the war /.one ter- .
iltory after h’ebruary IK. the ambassador
declared would not be the fault of Her
man.' who, he asserted, must retaliate
on (.rent Britain as vigorously as pos
< Continued on I'nse KIkM)
' What Berlin Newspapers
Think of American Note
> .
Die Post and Tages Zeitung Attack U. S. Attitude
5 In Warm Editorials-Most of Papers, How
ever, Adopt Friendly Tone
llet-lo.. Ohrunn 14.— ( \ in I,olid,in,
Htlti ii. in.! —Herllu newspaper* contloue
ftii.tr cominenf on ihr Vmerleun mile
concerning ihr fiermnn nilmlrnUy1* sea
nnr none proclamation. Tin- editorial*
_ generally are nf friendly inne. • »■>
.pin,nil* exception*. however, ore fm
- nlalied liy l»le Poat anil the T««« /.cl
tung.
"When something does not suit thr
’ Yankees." says Hie Cost. "they are se
ll eustomed to adopt bh threatening a ul
0 as frightful a sabre-rattling tom .is
u possible. They rei-kon that the pO'sor
thus treated will he frightened ami
give in. If this does not come to pass
J however; If the person thus threatene-1
with the strongest expressions un
' shows that he is not seared and will noi
let himself be driven Into a sta;.- n|
n funk, the swaggering Yankees t-aln
r themselves soon and quiet down,
d |,|f. p0gt complains that the I nlte.
1 States did not protest against the P.rit
n Isli declaration of the North Sea a;
war territory, that is lo say they in
- In benevolent agreement with England
nut make a threatening protest again 1
1 us. If the North American governmeu
would show Germany the same lieu
trality as is shown England, the en
4 tire present note with its ^iroatentufl
d tone would bo superfluous.”
a fount Ernest Heventlow. the nava
d expert, in the Tages /.ettung. says tin
' request of the United Slates that ship
be searched before further action i
* taken shoyvs that the people In Wash
. |ngton do not or will not comprehorn
the meaning of the German measure.'
Impossible lo Search
J "Wc have so often demonstrated,
fount Revcntlow continues, “the Imp, s
gibtllly of search that yve merely vai
refer to our earlier remarks. Washing
ton must know this, and therefore th
demand of the note for ti search am
the establishing of the Identity of ncu
tral merchantmen amounts defacto P
nonrecognltlon of the Geiman decluru
tion respecting war territory."
Count Heventlow repeals the Qerntai
order, the declaration he declares 4s i
considerate warning uml addB:
"Whether it is regarded or protests,
against .Is of secondary importance."
1 "If Its consequences arc depleted a.
'Inexcusable.' Count Reventlow con
ttnues, "we may lielteve tliut the Unltei
States misjudges Its ground. The sane
can be said of the remarkable phrusi
in the note that the United Stales vvll
see Itself Impelled to hold the Oei
man Imperial government responslbl,
for such action of its naval authorities
One cannot escape the conclusion thn
President Wilson and Secretary Bryai
In their communications with the llexi
lean pretenders and rebel leaders havi
accustomed themselves to a tuns tha
Ih not suitable for communications with
other nations.
The Vossischo Zeitung any* that with*
the searching of ships for contraband
previously has been the acknowledged
proceedur© the entry of the submarine
denotes a new factor hi naval war
I'a re.
'The submarine," it sh,\k. "rSns a risk
against armed merchantmen. England
has armed its merchantmen and advised
them to carry false flags. The result*
Is that the submarine whi< h undertakes
the search of a supposedly neutral ship
runs the risk of being damaged, ov
• ■ven destroyed by an English ship sail
ing under a false Mag.
•‘Shall Germany, in the face of such
treacherous measures throw down her
arms because an American ship might
possibly h<* wrongly torpedoed? The
American note demands nothing else. It
is not necessary to s« y a word to show
that such h course by Germany would
bring irreparable military disadvaut
ages and a regrettable dragging out of
: tbe duration of tin- war.
Would Protect Commerce
“We desire to protest neutral com
merce in tile future as in the past, but
we do not wish tnut neutrals carry on
trade with England In certain articles."
Tho protection #f neutrals the Vos
slscbe Zeitung continues, will hn possi
ble only if neutrals take care that the.r
Mag is respected by Great Britain.
The I.okul Anstellgcr points out that
only the United States among all the
neutral countries lias protested agains'
the German declaration of a naval war
zone. It udmitH the friendly nature of
the note, but says
“All this cannot alter the fact that
we must character!;: the standpoint
of the note as a mistaken one. since ii
does not take Into consideration the
jnaval situation as it has developed with
out Germany's fault, and since a much
1 Sharper note should long ago have been
• sent to the British government.'*
The alleged failure of the Unite 1
I States to pas due regal'd to the sit
uation in which Germany finds itself is
twice referred to by the Eol.ul Ansellaer.
The newspaper adds that German' will
. not fall to answer the l nited Statt*
in friendly terms.
The Krenz Zeitung dedans that Gor
i
4 < mi tinned on Page i :i»Ht.)
.
TODAY’S AGE-HERALD
1 — Albanians defeat Servians.
Spain will adjust \Uxican trouble
In diplomatic way.
i Ambassador Gerard to confer with
Emperor.
What Perl in papers think of Amer
ican note.
1 2- < ongresH bound in diplomatic
tangle.
i Ream could have accumulated more
wealth.
4—Editorial comment.
fj—Columbus Knights nominate can
didates.
February will be lively at Nvwspa
1 per club.
Weatherly thinks new constitution
needed.
Zoo feels stir of spring.
Sal* smen jubilant over success of „•
bills.
7—Story of largest woman's hotel in
world in Boston.
$—Belgium has lost t»00,U00 as ivault
of war.

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